14,649 results match your criteria Treadmill Stress Testing


Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Risk of All-Cause, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer Mortality in Men With Musculoskeletal Conditions.

J Phys Act Health 2019 Jan 11:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Background: To investigate the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and all-cause mortality in men with musculoskeletal conditions.

Methods: Participants were 12,728 men (mean age 47.0 [9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2017-0644DOI Listing
January 2019

Stimulus Level during Endurance Training: Effects on Lactate Kinetics in Untrained Men.

J Sports Med (Hindawi Publ Corp) 2018 2;2018:3158949. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Institute of Medical Physics, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Henkestrasse 91, 91052 Erlangen, Germany.

Background/objective: Not only but particularly due to their time efficiency, High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) is becoming increasingly popular in fitness-oriented endurance sports. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a HIIT running program versus a Moderate Intensity Continuous Exercise (MICE) training running program (16 weeks each) on lactate kinetics in untrained males.

Methods: 65 healthy but untrained males (30-50 years, BMI: 27. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3158949DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304585PMC
December 2018

The effect of placebo on endurance capacity in normal weight children - a randomized trial.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Jan 10;19(1):15. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Pediatric Department, Child Health Sport Center, Meir Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: The aim of the study was to examine the influence of the placebo effect on the endurance capacity results in normal weight children.

Methods: Twenty-four pre-pubertal normal-weight children aged 6-13 years participated in the study. Subjects underwent anthropometric measurements (weight, height, BMI percentile, and fat percentage), a progressive treadmill exercise test to evaluate endurance capacity, and filled habitual activity questionnaire. Read More

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https://bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12887
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1394-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327389PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Effects of Continuous vs Discontinuous Aerobic Training on Cardiac Autonomic Remodeling.

Int J Sports Med 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

HES, Appalachian State University, Boone, United States.

The aim of this study was to examine the cardiac autonomic nervous system differences following either continuous vs. discontinuous exercise in males and females. Forty-seven healthy male and female subjects (M=19, F=28; Age=36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0044-100921DOI Listing
January 2019

Heart rate response to graded exercise test of elderly subjects in different ranges of TSH levels.

Arch Endocrinol Metab 2018 ;62(6):591-596

Serviço de Endocrinologia, Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho (HUCFF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Objective: Life expectancy is increasing worldwide and studies have been demonstrating that elevated serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration in elderly is associated with some better health outcomes. This elevation is somewhat physiological as aging. The aim of this study was to investigate the heart rate (HR) response during a graded exercise test and its recovery in healthy elderly, comparing subjects within serum TSH in the lower limit of reference range to those within the TSH in the upper limit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20945/2359-3997000000083DOI Listing
January 2018

Cardio respiratory response: Validation of new modifications of Bruce protocol for exercise testing and training in elite Saudi triathlon and soccer players.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2019 Jan 19;26(1):105-111. Epub 2017 May 19.

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam City, Saudi Arabia.

The Bruce protocol is the traditional method used to assess maximal fitness level, although it may have limitations, such as its short duration and large work rate increases, with very high levels of exertion that consist of speed/incline combinations. Modifications have been added to elicit similar maximal fitness achievements. The authors of this experimental trial have proposed a new treadmill protocol that allows optimal test duration in conjunction with peak oxygen consumption 'VO2max', and with appropriate patient comfort and safety during both exercise testing and training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2017.05.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319022PMC
January 2019

Caffeine enhances activity thermogenesis and energy expenditure in rats.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, OH, 44242.

Caffeine and its derivatives have been used, alone and in combination with other phytochemicals, as weight-loss supplements. Caffeine affects several physiological and behavioral aspects of energy balance, including increasing locomotor activity. Here, we investigate the potential for caffeine to enhance activity thermogenesis and energy expenditure (EE) even when activity level is held constant. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1440-1681.13065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1440-1681.13065DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

The Relationship Between Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Arterial Stiffness in Middle-Aged Men with Abdominal Obesity.

Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Sports Medicine Center, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Abdominal obesity increases rapidly after middle age in Korean men, and there is an associated trend toward increasing levels of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) on arterial stiffness in men with abdominal obesity.

Methods: A total of 387 middle-aged men (ages 42-59 years) with abdominal obesity participated in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/met.2018.0068DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Changes in Running Economy During a 65-km Ultramarathon.

Front Physiol 2018 13;9:1809. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Exercise and Health, Institute of Sports Medicine, Paderborn University, Paderborn, Germany.

Running economy (RE), expressed as oxygen cost (O cost) and energy cost of running (Cr) is important in ultramarathon (UM) running as it can help predict race performance. Controversy remains if RE increases, decreases, or remains stable in UM running. We examined RE before, during, and after a 65-km UM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.01809DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300573PMC
December 2018

Wheat-Dependent Cofactor-Augmented Anaphylaxis: A Prospective Study of Exercise, Aspirin, and Alcohol Efficacy as Cofactors.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 Jan 7;7(1):114-121. Epub 2018 Jul 7.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy Centre, Odense Research Center for Anaphylaxis, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.

Background: Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) is a severe and potentially life-threatening allergy caused by wheat ingestion and most commonly in combination with exercise.

Objective: To investigate the role and impact of different cofactors (exercise, aspirin, and alcohol) in patients with WDEIA.

Methods: We studied 25 adult patients with WDEIA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2018.06.018DOI Listing
January 2019

Decreased heart rate recovery may predict a high SYNTAX score in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

Bosn J Basic Med Sci 2019 01 1. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Cardiology, Katip Celebi University School of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

An impaired heart rate recovery (HRR) has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events, cardiovascular, and all-cause mortality. However, the diagnostic ability of HRR for the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been clearly elucidated. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between HRR and the SYNTAX (SYNergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with TAXus and cardiac surgery) score in patients with stable CAD (SCAD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17305/bjbms.2019.3725DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[Influence of aerobic exercise on oxidative stress and PPARα in myocardium in metabolic syndrome rats].

Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 2018 Sep;47(5):789-797

Sports School of Jinggangshan University, Ji'an 343009, China.

Objective: This experiment was to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise on oxidative stress response and expression of peroxisome proliferator activated receport α( PPARα) in cardiovascular of metabolic syndrome( MS) rat.

Methods: 49 4-week male rats were randomly assigned to two groups: control group( C) with 6 rats with normal diet and MS model group with 43 rats with high fat diet. After 18 weeks, assigned the successful MS modeling high fat diet rats to model control group( MC) with 8 rats and model exercise group( ME) with 8 rats. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Usefulness of carotid ultrasonography in the assessment of coronary artery disease extension in patients undergoing exercise echocardiography.

Echocardiography 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of Cardiology, Hospital Universitario Lucus Augusti (HULA), Lugo, Spain.

Objectives: To evaluate whether carotid disease is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) extension in patients undergoing treadmill exercise stress echocardiography (EE).

Methods: We retrospectively studied 156 patients without previous vascular disease who underwent EE, carotid ultrasonography, and coronary angiography between 2002 and 2013. Low-, intermediate-, and high-risk EE were defined as negative, localized ischemia, and multivessel/extensive ischemia EE respectively; carotid disease according to Mannheim and American Society of Echocardiography Consensus and CAD extension from zero to three vessel disease as stenosis ≥50% by visual assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/echo.14251DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Effect of exercise training on heart rate recovery in patients post anterior myocardial infarction.

Egypt Heart J 2018 Dec 31;70(4):283-285. Epub 2018 May 31.

Department of Cardiology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Regular exercise training has been shown to reduce mortality, improve functional capacity; and control the risk factors in myocardial infarction (MI) patients. Heart rate recovery (HRR) is a strong independent mortality predictor in patients with previous MI.

Aim: The main objective of this study was to investigate the impact of exercise training on heart rate recovery in patients post anterior myocardial infarction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ehj.2018.04.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303535PMC
December 2018

Improvement of motor function induced by skeletal muscle contraction in spinal cord-injured rats.

Spine J 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Physiology 2, Kawasaki Medical School, 577 Matsushima, Kurashiki, Okayama, Japan 701-0192. Electronic address:

Background: The involvement of neurotrophic factors such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in functional recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI) by treadmill training has been suggested. The precise mechanism is poorly understood. However, muscle-derived bioactive molecules (myokines) are known to be produced by muscle contraction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2018.12.012DOI Listing
December 2018

Mid-Left Ventricular Ballooning Variant Takotsubo Syndrome Induced by Treadmill Exercise Stress Testing.

Case Rep Cardiol 2018 15;2018:5282747. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Medicine, Stony Brook University Medical Center, USA.

Stress-induced cardiomyopathy, also known as takotsubo cardiomyopathy, presents similar to a myocardial infarction after a physical or emotional stressor but without any evidence of obstructive coronary artery disease. Different patterns of myocardial involvement and several triggering events have been reported, but classically this condition is characterized by a stress-induced transient left ventricular apical systolic dysfunction. We describe a case of treadmill exercise stress testing-triggered variant of takotsubo cardiomyopathy with mid-left ventricular hypokinesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5282747DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276522PMC
November 2018

Treadmill stress tests should not be part of "routine health check package".

Authors:
Prem Pais

Indian Heart J 2018 Nov - Dec;70(6):934-936. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Professor St. John's Research Institute, Consultant Physician, Manipal Hospital Bengaluru, India. Electronic address:

A treadmill ECG stress test (TMT) often forms part of the popular health check packages recommended for people who are asymptomatic on the premise that it can detect disease at an early stage and treatment be prescribed to prevent or reduce future morbidity and mortality. Such a recommendation does not take into account the properties of this procedure as a diagnostic test. It has an average sensitivity and specificity of 68% and 77%, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.09.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6306354PMC
January 2019

Retention of improvement in gait stability over 14 weeks due to trip-perturbation training is dependent on perturbation dose.

J Biomech 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre, School of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University, London, United Kingdom.

Perturbation training is an emerging approach to reduce fall risk in the elderly. This study examined potential differences in retention of improvements in reactive gait stability over 14 weeks resulting from unexpected trip-like gait perturbations. Twenty-four healthy middle-aged adults (41-62 years) were assigned randomly to either a single perturbation group (SINGLE, n = 9) or a group subjected to eight trip-like gait perturbations (MULTIPLE, n = 15). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.12.011DOI Listing
December 2018

Exercise Treadmill Testing in Moderate or Severe Aortic Stenosis: The Left Ventricular Correlates of an Exaggerated Blood Pressure Rise.

J Am Heart Assoc 2018 Nov;7(22):e010735

1 Cardiothoracic Centre Guy's & St Thomas' Hospital London United Kingdom.

Background Exaggerated blood pressure response during exercise predicts future hypertension and cardiovascular events in general population and different patients groups. However, its clinical and prognostic implications in patients with aortic stenosis have not been previously evaluated. Methods and Results We retrospectively studied 301 patients with moderate to severe asymptomatic aortic stenosis (aged 65±12 years) who underwent echocardiography and a modified Bruce exercise treadmill test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.010735DOI Listing
November 2018
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Study of Myocardial Perfusion in Obese Individuals without Known Ischemic Heart Disease.

Arq Bras Cardiol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Clínica Quanta Diagnóstico e Terapia, Curitiba, PR - Brazil.

Background: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), ischemic heart disease (IHD) and cardiovascular mortality. Several studies have demonstrated the diagnostic and prognostic value of single photon computed tomography-myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (SPECT-MPI) in the evaluation of patients with suspected IHD, including in obese population. Data on clinical risk factors and their association with abnormal myocardial perfusion in obese patients are scarce in the Brazilian population. Read More

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http://www.gnresearch.org/doi/10.5935/abc.20180250
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/abc.20180250DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Relationship between oxygen cost and C-reactive protein response to marathon running in college recreational runners.

Open Access J Sports Med 2018 27;9:261-268. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki, Japan,

Purpose: Individual variations in response of C-reactive protein (CRP) to acute strenuous exercise are less well known. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between running economy and systemic inflammation following a marathon.

Materials And Methods: Sixteen college recreational runners participated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OAJSM.S183274DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267712PMC
November 2018

Effects of backward-downhill treadmill training versus manual static plantarflexor stretching on muscle-joint pathology and function in children with spastic Cerebral Palsy.

Gait Posture 2018 09 22;65:121-128. Epub 2018 Jul 22.

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Department of Training and Movement Sciences, Philippstraße 13, Haus 11, 10115 Berlin, Germany.

Background: Patients with spastic Cerebral Palsy are prone to equinus deformities, likely affected by short and inextensible plantarflexor muscles. Manual stretching is a popular treatment but its effectiveness concerning joint mobility, muscle-tendon morphometrics and walking function is debated. Eccentric exercise by backward-downhill treadmill training could be a therapeutic alternative for ambulatory patients improving gait and muscle function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.07.171DOI Listing
September 2018

Commentary on "Early Treadmill Practice in Infants Born With Myelomeningocele: A Pilot Study".

Pediatr Phys Ther 2019 01;31(1):75

UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEP.0000000000000570DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Mild dehydration in dyspeptic athletes is able to increase gastrointestinal symptoms: Protective effects of an appropriate hydration.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2019 Jan;31(1):e13520

Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy.

Background: Water balance influences gastrointestinal (GI) activity. Our aim was to evaluate how dehydration and rehydration with different types of water are able to affect GI activity in healthy and dyspeptic athletes.

Methods: Twenty non-competitive athletes, respectively 10 healthy and 10 dyspeptic subjects, were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13520DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Metabolic, Mental and Immunological Effects of Normoxic and Hypoxic Training in Multiple Sclerosis Patients: A Pilot Study.

Front Immunol 2018 29;9:2819. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Experimental and Clinical Research Center Cooperation Between Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin and Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany.

Physical activity might attenuate inflammation and neurodegeneration in multiple sclerosis (MS). Erythropoietin, which is produced upon exposure to hypoxia, is thought to act as a neuroprotective agent in MS. Therefore, we studied the effects of intermittent hypoxic training on activity energy expenditure, maximal workload, serum erythropoietin, and immunophenotype focusing on regulatory and IL-17A-producing T cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2018.02819DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6281996PMC
November 2018

Rationale and design of a single-blind, randomised controlled trial of exercise training for managing learning and memory impairment in persons with multiple sclerosis.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e023231. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Kessler Foundation, Neuropsychology and Neuroscience Research, West Orange, New Jersey, USA.

Introduction: This randomised controlled trial (RCT) examines treadmill walking exercise training effects on learning and memory performance, hippocampal volume, and hippocampal resting-state functional connectivity in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have objective impairments in learning new information.

Methods And Analysis: Forty fully ambulatory persons with MS who demonstrate objective learning and memory impairments will be randomly assigned into either the intervention or active control study conditions. The intervention condition involves supervised, progressive treadmill walking exercise training three times per week for a 3-month period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023231DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303579PMC
December 2018

Einschränkungen in der Gehfähigkeit und der Sprunggelenksdorsalflexion bei Kindern nach intensiver Krebsbehandlung.

Klin Padiatr 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Molecular and Cellular Sports Medicine, Institute of Cardiovascular Research and Sports Medicine, German Sport University Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Background: With improved survival rates in pediatric oncology, the detection of adverse side- and late-effects is gaining increased interest. This cross-sectional study investigated walking abilities and ankle dorsiflexion function in children with cancer.

Patients: Study participants included 16 children with various cancers (4-20 years, patient group) after completion of the intense treatment and 16 age- and gender-matched healthy peers (comparison group). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0804-1899DOI Listing
December 2018

Voluntary wheel running: patterns and physiological effects in mice.

Braz J Med Biol Res 2018 Dec 10;52(1):e7830. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Tecidual, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brasil.

Exercise can prevent and improve the pathophysiology of diseases and promote healthy aging. Thus, understanding the mechanisms that regulate the beneficial effects of exercise may lead to the development of new strategies to enhance quality of life and to counteract chronic diseases. Voluntary wheel running is an interesting model to study the effects of exercise in mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1414-431X20187830DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6301263PMC
December 2018

Inter-Day Reliability of Finapres Cardiovascular Measurements During Rest and Exercise.

Sports Med Int Open 2018 Jan 17;2(1):E9-E15. Epub 2017 Nov 17.

St Mary's University Twickenham London, School of Sport, Health and Applied Sci, London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

This study evaluated the inter-day test-retest reliability of the Finapres finger pulse pressure measuring device during rest and exercise. Eight male participants visited the laboratory twice for evaluation of the inter-day reliability of the Finapres finger-pulse pressure device to measure: heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (Q̇) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) at rest, and treadmill walking at 3 km/h on 1% and 5% inclines. There were no systematic biases for any of the variables between days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0043-122081DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225956PMC
January 2018

Effects of long-term physical exercise on skeletal muscles in senescence-accelerated mice (SAMP8).

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 2018 Dec 12:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

a Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences , Kyoto Prefectural University , Kyoto , Japan.

We examined the effect of long-term exercise on the prevention of sarcopenia using a senescence-accelerated-prone mice (SAMP8) model. Mice were housed in a wheel cage for 25 weeks to increase voluntary exercise. At week 23, endurance running capacity was examined using a treadmill. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09168451.2018.1547625DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Ski Mountaineering - Evaluation of a Sports Specific Performance Diagnosis.

Sportverletz Sportschaden 2018 Dec 11;32(4):233-242. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

SozialStiftung Bamberg, Sports Orthopedics, Bamberg.

Ski mountaineering (skimo) has recently gained popularity and established itself as a competition sport. It requires a specific training with a high hypoxic load. Although a variety of sport specific performance test protocols have been developed, a specific method for ski mountaineering (skimo) is pending. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0598-7738
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0598-7738DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Association of Breathing Reserve at Peak Exercise with Body Composition and Physical Function in Older Adults with Obesity.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Section on Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine.

Background: Adiposity-related ventilatory constraints in older adults can potentially contribute to greater risk of exercise intolerance and mobility disability. This study investigated whether ventilatory limitation, measured by breathing reserve at peak exercise (BR), is associated with body composition and physical function in older adults with obesity.

Methods: This study was a cross-sectional analysis of data from a community-based cohort (n=177) of older men and women (65-79 years) with obesity (BMI=30-45 kg/m 2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gerona/gly276DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Accuracy of Wrist-Worn Activity Monitors During Common Daily Physical Activities and Types of Structured Exercise: Evaluation Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2018 Dec 10;6(12):e10338. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, United States.

Background: Wrist-worn activity monitors are often used to monitor heart rate (HR) and energy expenditure (EE) in a variety of settings including more recently in medical applications. The use of real-time physiological signals to inform medical systems including drug delivery systems and decision support systems will depend on the accuracy of the signals being measured, including accuracy of HR and EE. Prior studies assessed accuracy of wearables only during steady-state aerobic exercise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10338DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of the effects of chemotherapy-induced fatigue and pharmacological interventions in multiple mouse behavioral assays.

Behav Brain Res 2019 Mar 7;360:255-261. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA. Electronic address:

Fatigue is a common symptom in many diseases and disorders and can reduce quality of life, yet lacks an adequate pharmacological intervention. To identify and develop such interventions, and to better understand fatigue, additional preclinical research is necessary. However, despite numerous mouse behavioral assays reportedly detecting fatigue-like behavior, the assumption that fatigue-like behavior is detected in many assays has not been validated through a cross-assay study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01664328183142
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2018.12.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6328057PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Accuracy of non-invasive stress testing in women and men with angina in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease.

Int J Cardiol 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: While >20% of patients presenting to the cardiac catheterization laboratory with angina have no obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), a majority (77%) have an occult coronary abnormality (endothelial dysfunction, microvascular dysfunction (MVD), and/or a myocardial bridge (MB)). There are little data regarding the ability of noninvasive stress testing to identify these occult abnormalities in patients with angina in the absence of obstructive CAD.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 155 patients (76. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.10.073DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Feasibility and Impact of a Multicomponent Exercise Intervention in Patients With Alzheimer's Disease: A Pilot Study.

Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen 2018 Dec 9:1533317518813555. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

1 CIAFEL-Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Porto, Portugal.

This quasi-experimental, nonrandomized study examined the feasibility and impact of a multicomponent (MT) intervention on 7 community-dwelling individuals diagnosed with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) at mild to moderate stage. During 6 months, patients with AD and their caregivers were submitted to a biweekly exercise program, including muscle strengthening, aerobics, balance, and postural exercises. The following tests were used: Senior Fitness Test and Incremental Treadmill Test, Disability Assessment for Dementia Scale, Alzheimer Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive, and Quality of Life-Alzheimer's. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1533317518813555DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

High Circulating Alarin Levels Are Associated with Presence of Metabolic Syndrome.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 6;51(5):2041-2051. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Endocrinology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University and Chongqing Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics, Chongqing,

Background/aims: Alarin has been reported to be related with increased food intake and body weight. The relationship of circulating Alarin with insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome (MetS), however, is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the physiological role of Alarin and its association with MetS in humans. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495823
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495823DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads
2.875 Impact Factor

Physical response of dogs supplemented with fish oil during a treadmill training programme.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Laboratory of Veterinary Physiotherapy (LAFIVET), School of Veterinary Sciences (FCV), National University of La Plata (UNLP), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The rise in popularity of dog sports competitions has led to the evaluation of improvements in dog physical performance. The potential benefit of dietary supplementation with fish oil (FO) on the physical performance of human beings and horses has been reported. However, such effect has not been studied in dogs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpn.13033DOI Listing
December 2018
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The use of heart rate variability analysis to detect arrhythmias in horses undergoing a standard treadmill exercise test.

J Vet Intern Med 2019 Jan 5;33(1):212-224. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Equine Department, Clinic for Equine Internal Medicine, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Little is known about normal heart rate variability (HRV) in horses during exercise. It can be difficult to separate premature beats from normal beat-to-beat variation at higher heart rates.

Objectives: The aim was to quantify HRV in healthy horses during a high-speed treadmill-standardized exercise test (HSET) and to compare with the HRV in horses observed to have arrhythmias during exercise. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jvim.15358
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15358DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Cardiorespiratory fitness in long-term juvenile dermatomyositis: a controlled, cross-sectional study of active/inactive disease.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Rheumatology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet.

Objectives: To compare cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) expressed as maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) between patients with long-term JDM and controls and between patients with active and inactive disease, as well as to explore exercise limiting factors and associations between CRF and disease variables.

Methods: JDM patients (n = 45) and age- and gender-matched controls (n = 45) performed a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) on a treadmill until exhaustion. Physical activity was measured by accelerometers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/key342DOI Listing
November 2018
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Physiological Comparisons of Elite Male Visma Ski Classics and National Level Cross-Country Skiers During Uphill Treadmill Roller Skiing.

Front Physiol 2018 16;9:1523. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

Longer distance cross-country ski (14-220 km) races such as the Visma Ski Classics (VSC) has recently gained attention in addition to the traditional Olympic distances (5-50 km) associated with cross-country (XC) skiing. These long-distance races are characterized by extensive use of the upper body while double poling (DP). While there is a substantial amount of research on Olympic distance XC skiing, the physiological capacities of VSC skiers has not yet been explored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.01523DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250767PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Thermoregulation and markers of muscle breakdown in malignant hyperthermia susceptible volunteers during an acute heat tolerance test.

J Sci Med Sport 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Survival and Thermal Medicine Department, Institute of Naval Medicine, UK.

Objectives: The study was undertaken to compare the thermal and biochemical responses to a heat tolerance test (HTT) of malignant hyperthermia (MH) susceptible individuals, volunteers who have suffered heat illness (HI) and control volunteers.

Methods: Three groups of male volunteers (n=6 in each group) were recruited to the study: MHS - civilian volunteers previously diagnosed as MH susceptible; EHI - military volunteers with a history of exertional HI; CON - military volunteers with no history of HI or MH. For the HTT, volunteers walked on a treadmill at 60% maximal oxygen uptake in a hot environment. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14402440183049
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2018.11.012DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Biomechanical Evaluation of Virtual Reality-based Turning on a Self-Paced Linear Treadmill.

Gait Posture 2018 09 24;65:157-162. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon 34141, Korea (Keonyoung Oh: Hyung-Soon Park:

Background: Patients with brain injuries such as Parkinson's disease or stroke exhibit abnormal gait characteristics especially during gait transitions such as step initiation and turning. Since such transitions could precipitate falls and resultant injuries, evaluation and rehabilitation of non-steady state gait in those patients are important. Whereas body weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT) provides a safe and controlled environment for gait training, it is unable to adequately train for gait transitions since the typical linear treadmill does not allow for changes in walking direction and natural fluctuations in speed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.07.175DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191847PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

Enhanced Metabolic Stress Augments Ischemic Preconditioning for Exercise Performance.

Front Physiol 2018 15;9:1621. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.

To identify the combined effect of increasing tissue level oxygen consumption and metabolite accumulation on the ergogenic efficacy of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) during both maximal aerobic and maximal anaerobic exercise. Twelve healthy males (22 ± 2 years, 179 ± 2 cm, 80 ± 10 kg, 48 ± 4 ml.kgmin) underwent four experimental conditions: (i) no IPC control, (ii) traditional IPC, (iii) IPC with EMS, and (iv) IPC with treadmill walking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.01621DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249303PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The minimal important difference for Glittre-ADL test in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: minimal important difference for Glittre-ADL test.

Braz J Phys Ther 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Center for Assistance, Teaching and Research in Pulmonary Rehabilitation (NuReab), Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), Florianópolis, SC, Brazil; Human Movement Sciences Graduate Program, Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte (CEFID), Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), Florianópolis, SC, Brazil; Physical Therapy Graduate Program, Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte (CEFID), Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine Glittre-ADL test minimal important difference in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Methods: This is quasi-experimental study. Sixty patients with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (age 64. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.11.009DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads
0.979 Impact Factor

Treadmill exercise restores high fat diet-induced disturbance of hippocampal neurogenesis through β2-adrenergic receptor-dependent induction of thioredoxin-1 and brain-derived neurotrophic factor.

Brain Res 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Molecular Medicine and Tissue Injury Defense Research Center, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea; Department of Brain & Cognitive Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

A high-fat diet (HFD) is known to induce metabolic disturbances that may lead to cognitive impairment. In the present study, we investigated whether a regular treadmill exercise program would improve HFD-induced hippocampal-dependent memory deficits in C57BL/6 mice. Weight gain and hepatic triglyceride levels were profoundly elevated following administration of a 60% HFD for 23 weeks, and this change was attenuated by 23-weeks of treadmill running. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2018.11.035DOI Listing
November 2018
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Cardiorespiratory and perceptual responses of two interval training and a continuous training protocol in healthy young men.

Eur J Sport Sci 2018 Nov 29:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

a College of Physical Education and Dance , Federal University of Goiás , Goiânia , Brazil.

High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) can be performed with different effort to rest time-configurations, and this can largely influence training responses. The purpose of the study was to compare the acute physiological responses of two HIIT and one moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) protocol in young men. A randomised cross-over study with 10 men [age, 28. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17461391.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2018.1548650DOI Listing
November 2018
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Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on gait in people with Parkinson's disease: study protocol for a randomized, controlled clinical trial.

Trials 2018 Nov 29;19(1):661. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Movement Neuroscience Program, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Background: Gait difficulties are common and frequently devastating to people with Parkinson's disease (PD). These difficulties are often followed by an increased risk of falls, leading to injury, hospitalization and mortality. The dysfunction in the basal ganglia-thalamocortical motor circuits and reduced activity in the premotor and primary motor cortices has raised interest in transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) as an adjunct intervention in PD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2982-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263538PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Glycemic Threshold as an Alternative Method to Identify the Anaerobic Threshold in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes.

Front Physiol 2018 13;9:1609. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Exercise Research Laboratory, Department of Physical Education, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

To analyze the agreement between the velocity, heart rate, and oxygen uptake values corresponding to second ventilatory threshold and glycemic threshold in patients with type 2 diabetes. Twenty-four untrained patients (55.1 ± 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.01609DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6243106PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Randomized Controlled Trial of Exercise to Improve Walking Energetics in Older Adults.

Innov Aging 2018 Sep 8;2(3):igy022. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada.

Background And Objectives: Mobility limitation is common and has been linked to high energetic requirements of daily activities, including walking. The study objective was to determine whether two separate forms of exercise could reduce the energy cost of walking and secondary outcomes related to activity and participation domains among older adults with mobility limitation.

Research Design And Methods: Community-dwelling older adults with self-reported mobility limitation ( = 72) were randomized to 12 weeks of twice-weekly, group-based, instructor-led timing and coordination, aerobic walking, or stretching and relaxation (active control) programs. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/innovateage/article/doi/10.1093/ger
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/geroni/igy022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6177056PMC
September 2018
9 Reads