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    1459 results match your criteria Traumatic Ulcers

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    Predictive Value of Braden Risk Factors in Pressure Ulcers of Outpatients With Spinal Cord Injury.
    Acta Med Iran 2018 Jan;56(1):56-61
    Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. AND Department of Neurosurgery, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Pressure Ulcers (PUs) remain among the most common complications after traumatic spinal cord Injuries (SCIs). The main goal of risk factor assessment with different tools has been to provisionally estimate the chance of developing pressure ulcers in patients with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). Braden tool has been of good predictive value and most commonly employed in hospital communities for risk assessment of pressure sore development. Read More

    Micrografting chronic lower extremity ulcers with mechanically disaggregated skin using a micrograft preparation system.
    J Wound Care 2018 Feb;27(2):60-65
    Vascular Surgeon, Clinica N. Annunziatella - Rome, Italy.
    Objective: The Rigenera system is a new standardised micrograft preparation system. It works by means of automated mechanical disaggregation of small tissue samples, extracting only the smallest cells (<50µm). The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate patients affected by chronic ulcers and who were treated with the micrograft preparation method. Read More

    A profile of traumatic spinal cord injury and medical complications in Latvia.
    Spinal Cord Ser Cases 2017 6;3:17088. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    2Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia.
    Study Design: A single centre retrospective study.

    Objectives: To collect data and analyse the epidemiological profile of traumatic spinal cord injury and its medical complications during the subacute rehabilitation period.

    Setting: Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Programme of the National Rehabilitation Centre, 'Vaivari', Jurmala, Latvia. Read More

    Imaging of non-neoplastic duodenal diseases. A pictorial review with emphasis on MDCT.
    Insights Imaging 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Department of Diagnostic Imaging Institute (IDI) and Girona Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBGI), Dr. Josep Trueta University Hospital, Av/ Francia s/n, Girona, Spain.
    A wide spectrum of abnormalities can affect the duodenum, ranging from congenital anomalies to traumatic and inflammatory entities. The location of the duodenum and its close relationship with other organs make it easy to miss or misinterpret duodenal abnormalities on cross-sectional imaging. Endoscopy has largely supplanted fluoroscopy for the assessment of the duodenal lumen. Read More

    Outcome analyses of a multimodal treatment approach for deep pressure ulcers in spinal cord injuries: a retrospective cohort study.
    Spinal Cord 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Treatment Centre for Spinal Cord Injuries, Trauma Hospital Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
    Study Design: Retrospective observational cohort study.

    Objectives: To describe outcomes, risk factors for complications, and relapse rates associated with the multimodal treatment approach for deep pressure ulcers (PUs) grade IV for the ischium, trochanter major, and sacral regions of patients with traumatic and non-traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI).

    Setting: The settings comprised two spinal cord units within a maximum care hospital. Read More

    Acute duodenal intramural hematoma complicated by acute pancreatitis-a rare complication of endoscopic epinephrine injection therapy.
    Oxf Med Case Reports 2018 Jan 23;2018(1):omx090. Epub 2018 Jan 23.
    Department of Internal Medicine, SBH Health System, Bronx, NY 10457,USA.
    Intramural duodenal hematoma (IDH) is a rare complication in endoscopic management of ulcer hemorrhage. Usually noted in cases of blunt abdominal trauma, non-traumatic IDHs have been reported in individuals on anticoagulation, with blood disorders, pancreatic diseases and in endoscopic procedures such as biopsy, sclerotherapy and argon plasma coagulation. Patients may be asymptomatic or present with acute blood loss anemia, abdominal pain or vomiting. Read More

    Topical chlorhexidine, povidone-iodine and erythromycin in the repair of traumatic ulcers on the rat tongue: Clinical, histological and microbiological evaluation.
    Arch Oral Biol 2018 Mar 4;87:218-225. Epub 2018 Jan 4.
    Oral Medicine Division, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul-PUCRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
    Objective: This study investigated the effect of topical application of 0.12% chlorhexidine, 10% povidone-iodine and 50% erythromycin on the optimization of healing process of traumatic ulcers made on ventral tongue of rats.

    Design: Forty-Eight Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: control, chlorhexidine (Chx), povidone-iodine (PvI) and erythromycin (Er). Read More

    Prevention of pressure ulcers in patients undergoing sub-acute rehabilitation after severe brain injury: an observational study.
    J Clin Nurs 2018 Jan 9. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    Department of Neurorehabilitation, Traumatic Brain Injury, Rigshospitalet, Denmark.
    Objective: The aim of this study was to uncover efforts made by healthcare professionals to prevent pressure ulcers (PUs) in patients with severe brain injury undergoing treatment at a sub-acute rehabilitation department.

    Background: PUs is a major burden for patients and also generate considerable healthcare costs. PUs are, nevertheless, prevalent in both secondary and primary care. Read More

    First Aid for Skin Tears by Mini Patch Grafting from the Flap Edge.
    J Emerg Med 2018 Jan 3. Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    Department of Dermatology and Plastic Surgery, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.
    Background: Traumatic skin tears often occur in patients with dystrophic skin. Closing them with adhesive skin closures is useful for patients with a healthy flap, but occasionally fails to cover the entire defect. We describe a simple technique to perform mini patch grafting on the remaining raw surface without damaging healthy skin. Read More

    An Economic Evaluation of the Impact, Cost, and Medicare Policy Implications of Chronic Nonhealing Wounds.
    Value Health 2018 Jan 19;21(1):27-32. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Integra Lifesciences, Plainsboro, NJ, USA.
    Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the cost of chronic wound care for Medicare beneficiaries in aggregate, by wound type and by setting.

    Methods: This retrospective analysis of the Medicare 5% Limited Data Set for calendar year 2014 included beneficiaries who experienced episodes of care for one or more of the following: arterial ulcers, chronic ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, diabetic infections, pressure ulcers, skin disorders, skin infections, surgical wounds, surgical infections, traumatic wounds, venous ulcers, or venous infections. The main outcomes were the prevalence of each wound type, Medicare expenditure for each wound type and aggregate, and expenditure by type of service. Read More

    Epidemiology and Clinical Management of Traumatic Spine Injuries at a Major Government Hospital in Cambodia.
    Asian Spine J 2017 Dec 7;11(6):908-916. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Preah Kossamak Hospital, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    Study Design: Cross sectional study.

    Purpose: To characterize the pattern of injury, describe the current clinical management, and determine the outcomes in traumatic spine injury (TSI) patients presenting to a major government hospital in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

    Overview Of Literature: There is a paucity of literature on epidemiology or current clinical practices for TSIs in Cambodia. Read More

    Self-efficacy and Pressure Ulcer Prevention after Spinal Cord Injury - Results from a Nationwide Community Survey in Switzerland (SwiSCI).
    PM R 2017 Dec 7. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    REHAB Basel, Clinic for Neurorehabilitation and Paraplegiology, Basel, Switzerland.
    Background: Pressure ulcers (PUs) are a common and severe health condition in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Skin-care strategies for PU prevention are usually provided during first rehabilitation. However, individuals with SCI often do not perform these strategies continuously, especially after discharge. Read More

    Reduction of hyperthermia in pediatric patients with severe traumatic brain injury: a quality improvement initiative.
    J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Feb 1;21(2):164-170. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    Division of Critical Care and.
    OBJECTIVE Severe traumatic brain injury remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. Providers focus on reducing secondary brain injury by avoiding hypoxemia, avoiding hypotension, providing normoventilation, treating intracranial hypertension, and reducing cerebral metabolic demand. Hyperthermia is frequently present in patients with severe traumatic brain injury, contributes to cerebral metabolic demand, and is associated with prolonged hospital admission as well as impaired neurological outcome. Read More

    Final diagnosis of 86 cases included in differential diagnosis of American tegumentary leishmaniasis in a Brazilian sample: a retrospective cross-sectional study.
    An Bras Dermatol 2017 Sep-Oct;92(5):642-648
    Division of Dermatology, Department of Medical Clinics, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo (FMRP-USP) - Ribeirão Preto (SP), Brazil.
    Background: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is distributed worldwide, including Brazil. Its several clinical forms need to be distinguished from other dermatoses. Clinical similarities and lack of a gold standard diagnostic tool make leishmaniasis-like lesions a challenging diagnosis. Read More

    Impact of Complete Spinal Cord Injury on Healing of Skin Ulcers in Mouse Models.
    J Neurotrauma 2018 Jan 11. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    1 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey , Piscataway, New Jersey.
    Pressure ulcers (PUs) are common debilitating complications of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and tend to occur in soft tissues around bony prominences. There is, however, little known about the impact of SCI on skin wound healing because of the lack of suitable animal models for studies in controlled experimental settings. Herein, we describe a reproducible and clinically relevant mouse model of PUs in the context of complete SCI. Read More

    The Traumatic Tube: Bleeding Rectal Ulcer Caused by Flexi-Seal Device.
    Case Rep Gastrointest Med 2017 4;2017:5278971. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    Department of Gastroenterology, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, OH, USA.
    Diarrhea and fecal incontinence are common in critically ill patients and present a challenging problem in patient management. The Flexi-Seal® Fecal Management System is a device to divert the stools away from the patient, thus improving the care to patients with fecal incontinence. There have been only few case reports describing the complications with the use of this device. Read More

    Treatment Outcomes for Isolated Maxillary Complex Fractures with Maxillomandibular Screws.
    Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstr 2017 Dec 12;10(4):278-280. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Department of Dental Surgery, Christian Medical College and Hospital Vellore, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Intermaxillary fixation (IMF) is a basic and fundamental principle in the management of patients with fractures of the maxillomandibular complex. There are several shortcomings related to the conventionally recommended tooth-mounted devices that are used to achieve IMF. To circumvent these, the use of bone-borne screws has been advocated. Read More

    The use of regression tree analysis for predicting the functional outcome following traumatic spinal cord injury.
    J Neurotrauma 2017 Oct 25. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    CHU Sainte-Justine, Orthopedic Surgery, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
    Predicting the long-term functional outcome following traumatic spinal cord injury is needed to adapt medical strategies and to plan an optimized rehabilitation. This study investigates the use of regression tree for the development of predictive models based on acute clinical and demographic predictors. This prospective study was performed on 172 patients hospitalized following traumatic spinal cord injury. Read More

    Nutritional blood parameters and nutritional risk screening in patients with spinal cord injury and deep pressure ulcer-a retrospective chart analysis.
    Spinal Cord 2018 Feb 23;56(2):168-175. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    Swiss Paraplegic Centre, Nottwil, Switzerland.
    Study Design: Retrospective chart review.

    Objectives: To describe (i) the nutritional blood parameters (NBP) and the nutritional risk screening (NRS) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and pressure ulcers (PU) III and IV according to the EPUAP classification, and (ii) the relationship between both NBP and NRS.

    Setting: SCI acute care and rehabilitation clinic in Switzerland. Read More

    Acute Management of Traumatic Brain Injury.
    Surg Clin North Am 2017 Oct;97(5):1015-1030
    Division of Trauma, Surgical Critical Care, and Emergency General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Section of Surgical Sciences, Center for Health Services Research, Vanderbilt Brain Institute, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1211 21st Avenue South, Medical Arts Building, Suite 404, Nashville, TN 37212, USA; Surgical Services, Nashville Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, 1310 24th Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37212, USA. Electronic address:
    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability in patients with trauma. Management strategies must focus on preventing secondary injury by avoiding hypotension and hypoxia and maintaining appropriate cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), which is a surrogate for cerebral blood flow. CPP can be maintained by increasing mean arterial pressure, decreasing intracranial pressure, or both. Read More

    Infection of recurrent calcaneal ulcer caused by a biofilm-producer Myroides odoratimimus strain.
    Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2018 Mar 27;63(2):203-207. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
    Department of Medical, Oral, and Biotechnological Sciences, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti-Pescara, Via Vestini 31, 66100, Chieti, Italy.
    We report a case of recurrent post-traumatic ulcer infection due to Myroides odoratimimus in an immunocompromised male. We have also reviewed the medical literature on isolated M. odoratimimus infections. Read More

    Eosinophilic ulcer of the tongue masquerading as malignant ulcer: An unexplored distinct pathology.
    J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2017 May-Aug;21(2):321
    Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Eosinophilic ulcer (EU) is a rare self-limiting chronic benign ulcerative lesion of the oral mucosa often misdiagnosed as oral malignancy. Its etiopathogenesis is ambiguous, but trauma plays an important role in the development. Microscopically, it is characterized by a polymorphic inflammatory infiltrate with a prominent eosinophilic component and large mononuclear cells extending deep into the submucosa, underlying muscle and salivary glands. Read More

    Development of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia in a Patient with Tetraplegia While in Inpatient Rehabilitation: a Case Report.
    J Spinal Cord Med 2017 Sep 20:1-4. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    a Spinal Cord Injury Service and Disorders ; Hunter Holmes McGuire VA Medical Center , Richmond , VA , USA.
    Study Design: a single case report.

    Objectives: To report a case of a patient with tetraplegia who developed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) while in inpatient rehabilitation after 10.5 months. Read More

    Predictors of pressure ulcer incidence following traumatic spinal cord injury: a secondary analysis of a prospective longitudinal study.
    Spinal Cord 2018 Jan 12;56(1):28-34. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Department of Occupational Therapy, UT Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, USA.
    Study Design: Secondary analysis of data from a prospective cohort study.

    Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify the medical and demographic factors associated with the development of pressure ulcers during acute-care hospitalization and inpatient rehabilitation following acute spinal cord injury.

    Setting: The study was carried out at acute hospitalization, inpatient rehabilitation and outpatient rehabilitation sites at a university medical center in the United States. Read More

    S Afr J Surg 2017 Sep;55(3):68-69
    1Department of General Surgery, Worcester Hospital, and Ukwanda Rural Clinical School, Stellenbosch University, Worcester.
    Background: There is limited published data describing the nature of surgical admissions at a regional level in the South African context. Worcester Hospital General Surgery has introduced an electronic online database to manage its surgical services. This study uses that database to evaluate the surgical burden of disease for the Cape Winelands East and Overberg districts of the Western Cape. Read More

    Traumatic spinal cord injury in the north-east Tanzania - describing incidence, etiology and clinical outcomes retrospectively.
    Glob Health Action 2017 ;10(1):1355604
    a Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy , Umeå University , Umeå , Sweden.
    Background: Causes, magnitude and consequences of traumatic spinal cord injury depend largely on geography, infrastructure, socioeconomic and cultural activities of a given region. There is a scarcity of literature on profile of traumatic spinal cord injury to inform prevention and rehabilitation of this health condition in African rural settings, particularly Tanzania.

    Objective: To describe the incidence, etiology and clinical outcomes of traumatic spinal cord injury and issues related to retrospective study in underdeveloped setting. Read More

    Rapid Source-Control Laparotomy: Is There a Mortality Benefit?
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2017 Oct 28;18(7):787-792. Epub 2017 Aug 28.
    1 Department of Surgery, Grand Strand Regional Medical Center , Myrtle Beach, South Carolina.
    Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence rapid source-control laparotomy (RSCL) has on the mortality rate in non-trauma patients with intra-abdominal infection. The hypothesis was that RSCL reduces deaths and hospital lengths of stay (LOS) in patients compared with definitive repair and primary fascial closure (PFC).

    Methods: The International Classification of Diseases-10 codes for sepsis, gastric and duodenal ulcer perforation or hemorrhage, incisional or ventral hernia with obstruction, intestinal volvulus, ileus with obstruction, diverticulitis with perforation or abscess, vascular disorder of intestine, non-traumatic intestinal perforation, peritoneal abscess, and unspecified peritonitis were used to query the 2015 National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) database for all patients treated with either RSCL or PFC. Read More

    Palatal perforation and chemical ulcers of the tongue in a blind patient.
    Spec Care Dentist 2017 Sep 22;37(5):253-257. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Assistant Professor of Preventive Care Dentistry, Amazonas State University, Manaus-AM, Brazil.
    We report a unique case of a potassium aluminum sulfate oral dissolution leading to palatal chemical necrosis and extensive chemical ulcers on the tongue. The patient, a 47-year-old white, blind male, denied using cocaine or other illegal drugs that could cause such lesions. His self-medication started as a treatment for a traumatic ulcerative lesion on the hard palate. Read More

    Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) optimizes oral traumatic ulcer healing of mice by reducing inflammation.
    Cytokine 2017 11 19;99:275-280. Epub 2017 Aug 19.
    Key Laboratory of Oral Medicine, Guangzhou Institute of Oral Disease, Stomatology Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510140, China. Electronic address:
    Objective: To evaluate the influence of overexpression HGF on the healing of traumatic ulcer of oral mucosa of mice.

    Material And Methods: Mice were divided into two groups: wild type C57BL6(WT) and HGF high expression transgenic (HGF-Tg) mice. Traumatic ulcer of all mice were made by number 15 scalpel blade. Read More

    Spinal cord injury during the second trimester of pregnancy.
    Spinal Cord Ser Cases 2017 10;3:17052. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Introduction: Pregnancies in women with spinal cord injury (SCI) are at greater risk of morbidity and mortality. Although pregnancy after SCI is well elaborated in the literature, SCI occurring during pregnancy is rarely reported. Abrupt changes in the body physiology because of SCI and the resulting disability add a risk to maternal and fetal well-being. Read More

    Immobilization of Growth Factors to Collagen Surfaces Using Pulsed Visible Light.
    Biomacromolecules 2017 Oct 1;18(10):3185-3196. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Byers Eye Institute at Stanford University School of Medicine , Palo Alto, California 94303, United States.
    In the treatment of traumatic injuries, burns, and ulcers of the eye, inadequate epithelial tissue healing remains a major challenge. Wound healing is a complex process involving the temporal and spatial interplay between cells and their extracellular milieu. It can be impaired by a variety of causes including infection, poor circulation, loss of critical cells, and/or proteins, and a deficiency in normal neural signaling (e. Read More

    Reflection on the cause and avoidance of recurrent venous leg ulcers: An interpretive descriptive approach.
    J Clin Nurs 2017 Aug 9. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Faculty of Health School of Nursing, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Kelvin Grove, QLD, Australia.
    Aims And Objectives: To gain insight into the experience of recurrent venous leg ulcers from the individual's perspective and provide knowledge on potential risks of recurrence not previously investigated.

    Background: Venous leg ulcers are a consequence of chronic venous disease and frequently recur. They are costly and can impact on physical and psychological health. Read More

    The Economic Burden of Urinary Tract Infection and Pressure Ulceration in Acute Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury Admissions: Evidence for Comparative Economics and Decision Analytics from a Matched Case-Control Study.
    J Neurotrauma 2017 Oct 18;34(20):2892-2900. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    3 Vancouver Spine Surgery Institute, Department of Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia , Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada .
    Secondary complications of spinal cord injury (SCI) are a burden to affected individuals and the rest of society. There is limited evidence of the economic burden or cost of complications in SCI populations in Canada, however, which is necessary for comparative economic analyses and decision analytic modeling of possible solutions to these common health problems. Comparative economic analyses can inform resource allocation decisions, but the outputs are only as good as the inputs. Read More

    The Role of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Orthopedics and Rheumatological Diseases.
    Isr Med Assoc J 2017 Jul;19(7):429-434
    IRCCS Galeazzi Orthopedic Institute, Milan, Italy.
    Background: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been investigated as a primary/adjunctive treatment for a number of injuries and medical conditions including traumatic ischemia, necrotizing soft tissue injuries, non-healing ulcers and osteoradionecrosis, but the results are controversial. There is insufficient evidence to support or reject the use of HBOT to quicken healing or to treat the established non-union of fractures. However, in patients with fibromyalgia, HBOT reduces brain activity in the posterior cortex and increases it in the frontal, cingulate, medial temporal and cerebellar cortices, thus leading to beneficial changes in brain areas that are known to function abnormally. Read More

    Negative Pressure Wound Therapy for Patients With Complex Abdominal Wounds.
    Wounds 2017 Jul;29(7):209-214
    Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Ege University, İzmir, Turkey.
    Background: Research on treatment alternatives that improve wound healing is an ever-evolving area in medicine, and a wound healing agent that carries minimal pain, discomfort, and scarring for patients with burn wounds, venous and decubitis ulcers, traumatic wounds, and many others is needed. The phases of wound healing include homeostasis, inflammation, migration, proliferation, and maturation. Adeps suillus (axonge) is known as a therapeutic agent for skin diseases and mainly consists of triglycerides. Read More

    Tubercular Ulcer of Tongue in an Elderly Patient Masquerading as a Traumatic Ulcer.
    Case Rep Otolaryngol 2017 28;2017:8416963. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    Department of Pathology, Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital, P.O. Box 42, Bharatpur 10, Chitwan, Nepal.
    Tuberculosis is still one of the most prevalent diseases in developing countries like Nepal. However, due to the effectiveness of DOTS therapy, vaccination, and education, the prevalence of tuberculosis has fallen in recent years. Although the pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis, especially the tubercular lymphadenitis, is still very common in our country, the tuberculosis of oral cavity is an uncommon condition. Read More

    History of venous leg ulcers.
    J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2017 APR-JUN;31(2 Suppl. 2):107-120
    University B.I.S. Group of Institutions, Punjab Technical University, Punjab, India.
    To retrieve the history of venous ulcers and of skin lesions in general, we must go back to the appearance of human beings on earth. It is interesting to note that cutaneous injuries evolved parallel to human society. An essential first step in the pathogenesis of ulcers was represented by the transition of the quadruped man to Homo Erectus. Read More

    Risk factors for myocardial dysfunction after traumatic brain injury: A one-year follow-up study.
    Injury 2017 Aug 8;48(8):1794-1800. Epub 2017 Jul 8.
    Department of Neurosurgery, E-Da Hospital, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; School of Medicine for International Students, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Traumatic brain injury has been associated with an increased risk of myocardial dysfunction. Common abnormalities accompanying this pathology include electrocardiographic abnormalities, elevated creatine kinase levels, arrhythmias, and pathologic changes of the myocardium. The aim of this study was to determine if TBI patients have a higher risk of myocardial dysfunction than the general population and to identify the risk factors of myocardial dysfunction in TBI patients. Read More

    Pharyngocutaneous fistula as an alternative access route for inserting a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube in head and neck cancer patients.
    Endosc Int Open 2017 Jul 6;5(7):E630-E634. Epub 2017 Jul 6.
    Department of Digestive Endoscopy, Cancer Hospital I, Brazilian National Cancer Institute, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Background And Study Aims:  Performing a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients can be challenging because of the presence of trismus, pharyngeal obstruction by tumor, and pharyngoesophageal strictures or fistula. Pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) is a major postoperative concern in patients submitted to total laryngectomy (TL). In the medical literature to date, the cervical fistula has been used as an access to PEG in only four reports. Read More

    A Clinicoepidemiological Profile of Chronic Wounds in Wound Healing Department in Shanghai.
    Int J Low Extrem Wounds 2017 Mar 8;16(1):36-44. Epub 2017 Mar 8.
    1 Shanghai 9th People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
    The aim of the study was to update the clinical database of chronic wounds in order to derive an evidence based understanding of the condition and hence to guide future clinical management in China. A total of 241 patients from January 1, 2011 to April 30, 2016 with chronic wounds of more than 2 weeks' duration were studied in wound healing department in Shanghai. Results revealed that among all the patients the mean age was 52. Read More

    Pain Intensity, Interference, and Medication Use After Spinal Cord Injury: Association With Risk of Mortality After Controlling for Socioeconomic and Other Health Factors.
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2017 12 23;98(12):2464-2470. Epub 2017 Jun 23.
    College of Health Professions, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC.
    Objective: To identify the association of pain intensity, pain interference, and pain medication use with risk of mortality after spinal cord injury, controlling for demographic, injury, socioeconomic, and health factors.

    Design: Prospective cohort study.

    Setting: Academic medical center. Read More

    Effects of Copaiba Oil Topical Administration on Oral Wound Healing.
    Phytother Res 2017 Aug 21;31(8):1283-1288. Epub 2017 Jun 21.
    Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, 90035-003, Brazil.
    The effects of topical copaiba oil extract and topical corticosteroid were assessed on oral wound healing in an in vivo model using 96 male Wistar rats. Traumatic ulcers were caused in the dorsum of the tongue using a 3-mm punch tool. The animals were divided into: Control; Corticosteroid; Placebo and Copaiba oil Group. Read More

    Trunk Function and Ischial Pressure Offloading in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury.
    J Spinal Cord Med 2017 Nov 14;40(6):723-732. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    a SCI Mobility Lab, Lyndhurst Centre, Toronto Rehabilitation Institute - University Health Network , Toronto , Canada.
    Objective: To determine if there is a relationship between trunk function and offloading of the ischial tuberosities in individuals with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI).

    Design: Prospective cross-sectional evaluation.

    Setting: Sub-acute rehabilitation hospital. Read More

    Silver-containing foam dressings with Safetac: a review of the scientific and clinical data.
    J Wound Care 2017 Jun;26(Sup6a):S1-S32
    Kristina Hamberg has over 10 years of experience of working with the design and development of wound care products, particularly those with antimicrobial properties. During that time, she has become an expert within the areas of microbiology and test method development, as well as infection prevention. Kristina was awarded her MSc in food science in 1997 from the University of Kalmar, Sweden, and in 2002 she was awarded a PhD for microbiological evaluation of novel technologies for food preservation by Chalmers Technical University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Background Topical antimicrobials, such as silver dressings, are progressively being used alongside systemic antibiotics to provide adjunctive, antimicrobial therapy to wounds that are clinically infected or at risk of infection. To help improve wound management, dressings that use Safetac soft silicone technology in combination with a silver-impregnated foam dressing material were developed by Mölnlycke Health Care (Gothenburg, Sweden). The range comprises Mepilex Ag, Mepilex Border Ag and Mepilex Transfer Ag. Read More

    Latent Structural Analysis of Health Outcomes in People Living With Spinal Cord Injury.
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2017 12 3;98(12):2457-2463. Epub 2017 Jun 3.
    Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC.
    Objective: To develop a latent structural model of health outcomes in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) that accounts for the measurement of underlying factors and their association with demographic and injury-related exogenous variables.

    Design: Cross-sectional study.

    Setting: Specialty hospital and medical university. Read More

    Traumatic Lesions of the Sole.
    Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2017 Jul;33(2):271-281
    Department of Large Animal Clinical Studies, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, 2407 River Dr, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.
    Traumatic lesions of the sole are a common cause of lameness in beef and dairy cattle. This article provides a brief description of traumatically induced conditions with specific attention to underlying causes, treatment, and prevention. Lameness, traumatic lesions of the sole, sole punctures, thin soles, thin sole toe ulcers, toe tip necrosis syndrome, and toe abscesses are discussed. Read More

    Oral mucosal lesions in teenagers: a cross-sectional study.
    Ital J Pediatr 2017 May 31;43(1):50. Epub 2017 May 31.
    Dental School, Pediatric Dentistry Department, University of Brescia, P.le Spedali Civili, 1, 25123, Brescia, Italy.
    Background: Adolescence is a period of transition to adulthood. Little is known about oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in teenagers, in which the emergence of new habits, unfamiliar to children, could affect the type of lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in a wide sample of adolescents. Read More

    Previously Identified Common Post-Injury Adverse Events in Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury-Validation of Existing Literature and Relation to Selected Potentially Modifiable Comorbidities: A Prospective Canadian Cohort Study.
    J Neurotrauma 2017 Oct 28;34(20):2883-2891. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    1 Department of Orthopaedics, Vancouver Spine Surgery Institute, University of British Columbia , Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada .
    Adverse events (AEs) are common during care in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI). Increased risk of AEs is linked to patient factors including pre-existing comorbidities. Our aim was to examine the relationships between patient factors and common post-injury AEs, and identify potentially modifiable comorbidities. Read More

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