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    1388 results match your criteria Traumatic Ulcers

    1 OF 28

    Recurring septic shock in a patient with blunt abdominal and pelvic trauma: how mandatory is source control surgery?: a case report.
    J Med Case Rep 2017 Feb 22;11(1):49. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    Unit of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Santo Spirito Hospital, Via Fonte Romana 8, Pescara, Italy.
    Background: In critically ill patients with colonization/infection of multidrug-resistant organisms, source control surgery is one of the major determinants of clinical success. In more complex cases, the use of different tools for sepsis management may allow survival until complete source control.

    Case Presentation: A 42-year-old white man presented with traumatic hemorrhagic shock. Read More

    Suspension made with amniotic membrane: Clinical trial.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2005 Jul-Aug;15(4):441-445
    Department of Ophthalmology, Eye Bank, S. Maria della Scaletta Hospital, Imola (BO) - Italy.
    Purpose: To investigate if a suspension made with amniotic membrane could have a beneficial effect on ocular surface diseases.

    Methods: In the Imola branch of the Eye Bank of Emilia Romagna, the authors prepared a suspension containing homogenized amniotic membrane previously conserved at -80 degrees Celsius. Subsequently, the authors gave this preparation to 21 patients: 8 had undergone lamellar keratoplasty, 4 had undergone penetrating keratoplasty, 2 had undergone photorefractive keratectomy with a delay of epithelialization, 3 had neurotrophic corneal ulcers, 2 had corneal burning, 1 had torpid corneal ulcer, and 1 had Sjogren syndrome. Read More

    Left subclavian artery revascularization in zone 2 thoracic endovascular aortic repair is associated with lower stroke risk across all aortic diseases.
    J Vasc Surg 2017 Feb 16. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Division of Vascular Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Va. Electronic address:
    Background: The best management strategy for the left subclavian artery (LSA) in pathologic processes of the aorta requiring zone 2 thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) remains controversial. We compared LSA coverage with or without revascularization as well as the different means of LSA revascularization.

    Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients with any aortic diseases who underwent zone 2 TEVAR deployment from 2007 to 2014. Read More

    Prediction of functional recovery six months following traumatic spinal cord injury during acute care hospitalization.
    J Spinal Cord Med 2017 Feb 15:1-9. Epub 2017 Feb 15.
    a Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur , Montréal , Canada.
    Objectives: To determine factors associated with functional status six months following a traumatic cervical and thoracic spinal cord injury (SCI), with a particular interest in factors related to the acute care hospitalization stay.

    Design: This is a prospective cohort study. Sixteen potential predictive variables were studied. Read More

    A latent structural equation model of risk behaviors and pressure ulcer outcomes among people with spinal cord injury.
    Spinal Cord 2017 Feb 7. Epub 2017 Feb 7.
    Department of Health Sciences and Research, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.
    Study Design: Cross-sectional.

    Objective: Our purpose was to develop a latent structural model to demonstrate the relationship between factor structures of risk health behaviors and pressure ulcer (PrU) outcomes among participants with spinal cord injury (SCI).

    Setting: Data were collected at a large specialty hospital and analyzed at a medical university in the Southeastern USA. Read More

    Update on traumatic acute spinal cord injury. Part 2.
    Med Intensiva 2017 Feb 1. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña, A Coruña, España. Electronic address:
    The aim of treatment in acute traumatic spinal cord injury is to preserve residual neurologic function, avoid secondary injury, and restore spinal alignment and stability. In this second part of the review, we describe the management of spinal cord injury focusing on issues related to short-term respiratory management, where the preservation of diaphragmatic function is a priority, with prediction of the duration of mechanical ventilation and the need for tracheostomy. Surgical assessment of spinal injuries based on updated criteria is discussed, taking into account that although the type of intervention depends on the surgical team, nowadays treatment should afford early spinal decompression and stabilization. Read More

    Estimation of the capacity of emergency surgery in Konya: Nine-year multicenter study.
    Ulus Cerrahi Derg 2016 27;32(4):252-255. Epub 2016 Oct 27.
    Department of General Surgery, Başkent University Konya Training and Research Hospital, Konya, Turkey.
    Objective: Although the number of surgical emergencies continues to increase, comprehensive data on emergency surgical admissions are scarce. The aim of this multicenter study was to evaluate the causes, management, and outcomes of the general surgical emergencies in the city of Konya, Turkey.

    Material And Methods: The relevant details of the cases admitted and considered to be general surgical emergencies in Konya over a nine-year period (January 2003-January 2012) were analyzed. Read More

    Inflammatory mediators associated with pressure ulcer development in individuals with pneumonia following traumatic spinal cord injury: A pilot study.
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2017 Jan 24. Epub 2017 Jan 24.
    Department of Rehabilitation Science and Technology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.
    Objective: To identify the inflammatory mediators around the time of pneumonia onset associated with concurrent or later onset of pressure ulcers.

    Design: Retrospective SETTING: Acute hospitalization and inpatient rehabilitation unit of a university medical center.

    Interventions: NA. Read More

    Risk analyses of pressure ulcer in tetraplegic spinal cord-injured persons: a French long-term survey.
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2017 Jan 24. Epub 2017 Jan 24.
    MSSH, House of Social Sciences and Disability - EHESP, High School of Public Health - 15 avenue du Professeur Léon-Bernard, 35043 Rennes cedex - France; CERMES3, INSERM, CNRS, EHESS, Université Paris Descartes, 94801 Villejuif - France.
    Objective: To identify the long-term clinical, individual, and social risk factors for the development of pressure ulcers (PUs) in traumatic spinal cord-injured persons with tetraplegia (TSCIt).

    Design: Cohort survey with self-applied questionnaires in 1995 and 2006.

    Setting: Thirty-five French-speaking European physical medicine and rehabilitation centers participating in the Tetrafigap surveys. Read More

    Pressure ulcer reconstruction in patients with heterotopic ossification after spinal cord injury: A case series and review of literature.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2016 Dec 21. Epub 2016 Dec 21.
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, 1155 N. Mayfair Rd, Second Floor, Wauwatosa, WI 53226, United States.
    Heterotopic ossification (HO) is widely recognized as a common occurrence among patients suffering from traumatic spinal cord injuries (SCI). The exact etiology of HO formation remains unknown. Published medical and surgical management strategies are often plagued with questionable effectiveness and frequent complications. Read More

    [Bednar's aphthae in newborn].
    Arch Argent Pediatr 2017 02;115(1):e28-e30
    Servicio de Otorrinolaringología, Neonatología. Hospital Infanta Leonor, Madrid, España.
    The description of the Bednar's ulcer is uncommon in the current literature. It has been associated with the traumatic effect of the bottle's nipple and/or no orthodontic soothers while breastfeeding. We present a newborn of 20 days of life attended at the emergency room for irritability, with the only finding on physical examination of two oral ulcers. Read More

    Early Enteral Combined with Parenteral Nutrition Treatment for Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Effects on Immune Function, Nutritional Status and Outcomes(△).
    Chin Med Sci J 2016 Nov;31(4):213-220
    Department of Neurosurgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong 266003, China.
    Objective To compare the conjoint effect of enteral nutrition (EN) and parenteral nutrition (PN) with single EN or PN on immune function, nutritional status, complications and clinical outcomes of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (STBI). Methods A prospective randomized control trial was carried out from January 2009 to May 2012 in Neurological Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Patients of STBI who met the enrolment criteria (Glasgow Coma Scale score 6~8; Nutritional Risk Screening ≥3) were randomly divided into 3 groups and were admi- nistrated EN, PN or EN+PN treatments respectively. Read More

    Effectiveness of a multi-layer foam dressing in preventing sacral pressure ulcers for the early acute care of patients with a traumatic spinal cord injury: comparison with the use of a gel mattress.
    Int Wound J 2017 Jan 4. Epub 2017 Jan 4.
    Research Center, Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur, Montreal, Canada.
    Individuals with spinal cord injury are at risk of sacral pressure ulcers due to, among other reasons, prolonged immobilisation. The effectiveness of a multi-layer foam dressing installed pre-operatively in reducing sacral pressure ulcer occurrence in spinal cord injured patients was compared to that of using a gel mattress, and stratified analyses were performed on patients with complete tetraplegia and paraplegia. Socio-demographic and clinical data were collected from 315 patients admitted in a level-I trauma centre following a spinal cord injury between April 2010 and March 2016. Read More

    Negative pressure wound therapy in orthopaedic surgery.
    Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2017 Feb 30;103(1S):S99-S103. Epub 2016 Dec 30.
    Institut de chirurgie de la main de l'ouest parisien, hôpital privé de l'ouest parisien, 14, rue Castiglione del Lago, 78190 Trappes, France; Urgences mains Paris Peupliers, 8, place de l'Abbé-Georges-Hénocque, 75013 Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) consists in applying subatmospheric pressure to a wound that is sealed off by a specially designed dressing and connected by a tube to a suction pump and drainage collection system. Skin defects are extremely common in orthopaedic and trauma surgery. NPWT is valuable across a range of indications. Read More

    Emergency endovascular management of acute thoracic aortic pathology A safe and feasible option.
    Surgeon 2016 Dec 27. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
    St James's Vascular Institute, St James's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.
    Endovascular repair has revolutionised the emergency treatment of thoracic aortic disease. We report our 10 year experience using this treatment in emergency cases. A prospectively maintained vascular database was analysed. Read More

    Clinical Usage and Economic Effectiveness of a Recently Developed Epidermal Autograft Harvesting System in 13 Chronic Wound Patients in a University-Based Wound Center.
    Cureus 2016 Nov 14;8(11):e878. Epub 2016 Nov 14.
    Division of Acute Care Surgery, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri.
    Introduction:  Chronic wounds are a significant healthcare problem in the United States. Their costs approach 25 billion dollars in the United States. Current wound-care treatments of local wound care, moist dressings, and source control, while necessary for wound healing, are frequently not enough to ensure complete wound closure. Read More

    A latent structural equation model of protective behaviors and pressure ulcer outcomes among people living with spinal cord injury.
    Spinal Cord 2017 Feb 29;55(2):135-140. Epub 2016 Nov 29.
    Department of Health Sciences and Research, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.
    Study Design: Cross-sectional.

    Objective: To develop a latent structural model to demonstrate the relationship between factor structures of protective health behaviors and pressure ulcer (PrU) outcomes among participants with spinal cord injury (SCI).

    Setting: Data were collected at a large specialty hospital and analyzed at a medical university in the Southeastern USA. Read More

    Anti-inflammatory and burn injury wound healing properties of the shell of Haliotis diversicolor.
    BMC Complement Altern Med 2016 Nov 28;16(1):487. Epub 2016 Nov 28.
    Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
    Background: The shell of Haliotis diversicolor, or shijueming (SJM), is a type of traditional Chinese medicine. The SJM has appeared in historical records as early as the third and fourth centuries. Historical records have revealed that SJM had mainly been used to treat eye diseases. Read More

    Traumatic Ulcerative Granuloma with Stromal Eosinophila: A Case Report and Review of Pathogenesis.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2016 Oct 1;10(10):ZD07-ZD09. Epub 2016 Oct 1.
    Associate Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Christian Dental College, C.M.C. , Ludhiana, Punjab, India .
    Traumatic Ulcerative Granuloma with Stromal Eosinophilia (TUGSE) is an uncommon condition considered to be a, reactive benign lesion of the oral mucosa, usually affecting the tongue. Its aetiopathogenesis is still uncertain. However, trauma has been found to be a contributing factor in a majority of the cases. Read More

    Bletilla striata: Medicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological activities.
    J Ethnopharmacol 2017 Jan 16;195:20-38. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China (Northwest University), Ministry of Education, Xi'an 710069, PR China. Electronic address:
    Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Reichb. f. Read More

    Pharmacologic Stress Gastropathy Prophylaxis May Not Be Necessary in At-Risk Surgical Trauma ICU Patients Tolerating Enteral Nutrition.
    J Intensive Care Med 2016 Nov 10. Epub 2016 Nov 10.
    Department of Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.
    Objective: Stress gastropathy is a rare complication of the intensive care unit stay with high morbidity and mortality. There are data that support the concept that patients tolerating enteral nutrition have sufficient gut blood flow to obviate the need for prophylaxis; however, no robust studies exist. This study assesses the incidence of clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding in surgical trauma intensive care unit (STICU) patients at risk of stress gastropathy secondary to mechanical ventilation receiving enteral nutrition without pharmacologic prophylaxis. Read More

    Oral melanoma: Relevance to the dental team members.
    J Am Dent Assoc 2017 Feb 9;148(2):113-119. Epub 2016 Nov 9.
    Background And Overview: Oral melanomas vary in color and morphology and resemble myriad other reactive, benign, or malignant conditions. The authors describe a case report of a patient with a primary oral melanoma that presented as a nonspecific ulcer, which showed nodal metastasis during resection.

    Case Description: A 64-year-old man who was examined by his periodontist to assess implant healing had a reddish-purple ulcer of the maxillary mucosa of 3 to 4 weeks duration. Read More

    Secondary health conditions and quality of life in persons living with spinal cord injury for at least ten years.
    J Rehabil Med 2016 Nov;48(10):853-860
    De Hoogstraat Rehabilitation, Centre of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, PO Box 85238, NL-3508 AE Utrecht, The Netherlands. E-mail address:
    Objectives: To describe the prevalence of secondary health conditions among persons with long-term spinal cord injury, and the relationship between these secondary health conditions and quality of life.

    Design: Multicentre, cross-sectional study.

    Subjects: Individuals (n = 282) with traumatic or non-traumatic spinal cord injury for ≥ 10 years, age at injury 18-35 years, current age 28-65 years, and using a wheelchair. Read More

    Roscoe R. Graham: An enduring legacy in the 21st century.
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2017 Jan;82(1):216-220
    From the Western University, London, ON, Canada and Division of General Surgery(A.C.I., D.K.G.), London Health Sciences Centre, London, ON, Canada.
    Background: Modern advancements in surgery have led to a climate in which many classical techniques are becoming obsolete. However, the Graham patch technique for duodenal repair continues to be widely used as originally described in Dr Roscoe Reid Graham's 1937 article: an omental graft held in position over a duodenal perforation by three interrupted sutures.

    Methods: Primary documents including original newspaper articles and wartime documents were retrieved from the University of Toronto Archives and Records. Read More

    Outcomes of Left Subclavian Artery Transposition for Hybrid Aortic Arch Debranching.
    Ann Vasc Surg 2016 Sep 23. Epub 2016 Sep 23.
    Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Arnaud de Villeneuve Hospital, Montpellier, France.
    Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes of left subclavian artery (LSA) revascularization for hybrid aortic arch debranching.

    Methods: Between 1998 and 2015, 68 patients (41 men; mean age, 67 ± 16 years) underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) with LSA coverage, 19.2% (n = 13) were never revascularized, and the remaining patients underwent LSA revascularization (n = 55; 80. Read More

    Effect of G-CSF on oral mucositis and traumatic ulcers produced in the tongue of rats undergoing radiotherapy: clinical and histologic evaluation.
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2016 Nov 6;122(5):587-596. Epub 2016 Aug 6.
    Professor of Oral Medicine, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
    Objective: To investigate the effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on oral mucositis (OM) and on the healing of traumatic ulcers produced in the tongue of rats undergoing radiotherapy (RT).

    Study Design: Twenty-seven Wistar rats were assigned to four groups: (1) RT + traumatic ulcer + filgrastim (G-CSF analog; n = 7); (2) RT + traumatic ulcer + saline (n = 7); (3) no RT + traumatic ulcer + filgrastim (n = 7); and (4) no RT + traumatic ulcer (n = 6). The radiation dose was 30 Gy, and medication was filgrastim (10 μg/kg) for 7 days. Read More

    A Regenerative Approach with Dermal Micrografts in the Treatment of Chronic Ulcers.
    Stem Cell Rev 2016 Oct 13. Epub 2016 Oct 13.
    Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Dental Specialties, Second University of Naples, Miraglia Square, 80122, Naples, Italy.
    Background: The etiology of non-healing ulcers depends on both systemic and local factors. The introduction of advanced dressing, negative wound therapy and compression therapy have undoubtedly improved clinical outcomes. The principal aim of study was to demonstrate the efficacy of dermal micrografts in the treatment of ulcers with different etiologies. Read More

    Perforation of the Peptic Ulcer Localized in the Proximal Jejunum - Case Report.
    Pol Przegl Chir 2016 Sep;88(4):215-7
    Non-traumatic perforation of the digestive tract occurs most often in the duodenum and stomach (peptic ulcer), as well as the colon (diverticulitis, cancer or ischemic lesions). Perforation of the small bowel is very rare. The Authors of the study presented a case of proximal jejunum perforation, which occurred in a patient with a history of duodenal peptic ulcer disease. Read More

    Infectious crystalline keratopathy caused by Cladosporium sp. after penetrating keratoplasty: a case report.
    Int Med Case Rep J 2016 29;9:267-71. Epub 2016 Aug 29.
    Cornea Department, Oftalmo Center Blumenau, Blumenau, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    Background: Infectious crystalline keratopathy is a rare, progressive infection characterized by the insidious progression of branches and crystalline corneal opacities with minimal or no inflammation. This case report describes the evolution of an infectious crystalline keratopathy caused by Cladosporium sp., which developed after tectonic keratoplasty in a patient with a history of ocular trauma. Read More

    Retrospective observational analysis of the use of an architecturally unique dermal regeneration template (Derma Pure®) for the treatment of hard-to-heal wounds.
    Int Wound J 2016 Sep 13. Epub 2016 Sep 13.
    Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Cleveland, OH, USA.
    The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate the use of DermaPure, a decellularised human skin allograft, in the treatment of a variety of challenging wounds. This retrospective observational analysis reviewed a total of 37 patients from 29 different wound clinics across the USA. Each patient received one application of DermaPure which was followed until complete closure. Read More

    Rare Presentation of a Marjolin's Ulcer Secondary to a Post-Traumatic Injury.
    J Foot Ankle Surg 2017 Jan - Feb;56(1):112-116. Epub 2016 Sep 3.
    Program Director, Highlands-Presbyterian/St. Luke's Podiatric Medicine and Surgery Residency Program, Denver, CO. Electronic address:
    Marjolin's ulcer is a rare and aggressive cutaneous malignancy arising from previously traumatized skin, most commonly at the site of previous burns. We present a unique case of Marjolin's ulceration secondary to an orthopedic injury and a nonburn history of trauma. The patient had been involved in a motorcycle accident >20 years earlier. Read More

    [Gastric Mucormycosis Followed by Traumatic Cardiac Rupture in an Immunocompetent Patient].
    Korean J Gastroenterol 2016 Aug;68(2):99-103
    Department of Internal Medicine, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
    Gastric mucormycosis is a rare and life-threatening fungal disease, caused by fungus in the order Mucorales. While rhino-cerebral and pulmonary forms are common, gastric mucormycosis is an uncommon site for the disease. We diagnosed gastric mucormycosis in a 41-year-old female who had severe multiple trauma, including cardiac rupture, due to a traffic accident. Read More

    Glasses: Hiding or causing skin cancer?
    Orbit 2016 Oct 10;35(5):262-6. Epub 2016 Aug 10.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , Tulane University, Tulane Health Sciences Center , New Orleans , Louisiana , USA.
    This article evaluates malignant transformation of lesions presenting in the periocular skin under the eye spectacle nose pad. A non-comparative retrospective chart review of clinical features and pathological findings of patients presenting with periocular malignancies in the exact vicinity where the nose pads of their eye spectacles rested was completed. The study took place in one tertiary oculoplastic referral center between 2007-2013. Read More

    Outcomes after acute traumatic spinal cord injury in Botswana: from admission to discharge.
    Spinal Cord 2017 Feb 16;55(2):208-212. Epub 2016 Aug 16.
    Division of Physiotherapy, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Study Design: Prospective follow-up study.

    Objectives: To increase the knowledge regarding clinical and functional outcomes after traumatic spinal cord injuries (TSCI) in a resource-constrained setting. A special focus was placed on secondary complications such as pressure ulcers. Read More

    The Sandwich Technique with Body Flossing Wire to Revascularize Left Subclavian Artery in Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair.
    Ann Vasc Surg 2016 Aug 12. Epub 2016 Aug 12.
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan; School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:
    Background: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the sandwich technique with the body flossing wire to revascularize the left subclavian artery (LSA) in thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR).

    Methods: From April 2014 to April 2015, 20 consecutive patients with a variety of thoracic aortic pathologies who underwent LSA revascularization with the sandwich technique and body flossing wire during TEVAR were included. Outcomes including technical success, endoleaks, perioperative mortality and morbidity, and graft patency were analyzed. Read More

    A 3-Day-Old Girl Referred From Her Pediatrician for Oral Ulcerations.
    Pediatrics 2016 Sep 9;138(3). Epub 2016 Aug 9.
    Children's National Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia.
    A 3-day-old girl was referred from her pediatrician for oral ulcerations. The patient was otherwise well appearing and afebrile. Her prenatal and antenatal courses were unremarkable, except for a failed routine hearing screen. Read More

    Occlusive bandaging of wounds with decreased circulation promotes growth of anaerobic bacteria and necrosis: case report.
    BMC Res Notes 2016 Aug 8;9:394. Epub 2016 Aug 8.
    The Institute for Protein Environmental Affinity Surveys (PEAS Institut) and Department of Infectious Diseases, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Background: Topical occlusive/semi-occlusive dressings that induce a damp and trapped environment are widely used in wound treatment. Subjecting the wound with impaired circulation to such trapped/air-free environment potentiates the growth of anaerobic bacteria and risk for serious infection.

    Case Presentation: We present a case of previously healthy Swedish male that had a muscle contusion after heavy trauma that induced impaired circulation. Read More

    [ROLE OF VAGOINSULAR AND ENTERIC ENDOCRINE SYSTEMS IN ACUTE GASTRODUODENAL EROSION AND ULCERS FORMATION IN SEVERE COMBINED TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY DEPENDING ON THE COMBINATION OF DAMAGE].
    Anesteziol Reanimatol 2016 Mar-Apr;61(2):105-8
    347 patients were analyzed and role of vagoinsular and enteric endocrine systems in acute gastroduodenal erosion and ulcers formation in severe traumatic brain injury were assessed depending on the combination of TBI with various organs and systems damage. It was revealed that activation ofvagoinsular and enteric endocrine systems due to microcirculatory disorders and hypoxia associated with severe TBI plays a crucial role in increasing the frequency of manifestations of erosions and ulcers in gastroduodenal mucosa. Identification of these complications on the early stages may lead to more effective management of acute erosions and ulcers. Read More

    Prevalence and predictors of hand involvement in Thai patients with systemic sclerosis.
    Int J Rheum Dis 2016 Jul 26. Epub 2016 Jul 26.
    Division of Rheumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Aim: Data regarding the clinical and radiographic hand involvement in Asian patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) are limited. Thus, we determined the prevalence of clinical and radiographic hand involvement in Thai SSc patients, comparing diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) and limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc). We also determined the factors associated with arthritis, contracture of fingers and digital ulcers. Read More

    Pressure ulcer development in trauma patients with suspected spinal injury; the influence of risk factors present in the Emergency Department.
    Int Emerg Nurs 2016 Jul 19. Epub 2016 Jul 19.
    University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Objectives: To explore the influence of risk factors present at Emergency Department admission on pressure ulcer development in trauma patients with suspected spinal injury, admitted to the hospital for evaluation and treatment of acute traumatic injuries.

    Design: Prospective cohort study setting level one trauma center in the Netherlands participants adult trauma patients transported to the Emergency Department on a backboard, with extrication collar and headblocks and admitted to the hospital for treatment or evaluation of their injuries.

    Methods: Between January and December 2013, 254 trauma patients were included. Read More

    Risk and Protective Factors for Cause-Specific Mortality After Spinal Cord Injury.
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2016 Oct 20;97(10):1669-78. Epub 2016 Jul 20.
    Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC.
    Objective: To investigate the association of multiple sets of risk and protective factors (biographic and injury, socioeconomic, health) with cause-specific mortality after spinal cord injury (SCI).

    Design: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively created cohort.

    Setting: Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems facilities. Read More

    Outcomes 2 years after traumatic spinal cord injury in Botswana: a follow-up study.
    Spinal Cord 2016 Jul 19. Epub 2016 Jul 19.
    Division of Neurodegeneration, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Study Design: Prospective follow-up study.

    Objectives: To identify indicators leading to compliance with yearly controls (YCs) and to describe the clinical and functional outcomes 2 years after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI).

    Setting: The national SCI rehabilitation centre in Botswana. Read More

    Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for wound care.
    Rev Gaucha Enferm 2016 Jun;37(2):e59257
    Universidade de Pernambuco (UPE). Programa Associado de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da Universidade de Pernambuco/Universidade Estadual da Paraíba. Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil.
    Objective: To describe the most common types of wounds indicated for hyperbaric oxygen therapy and the results.

    Method: Cross-sectional study at a Hyperbaric Centre in the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. The medical records of 200 patients treated with hyperbaric oxygen were reviewed from January to November 2013. Read More

    188 Morbidity and Mortality Associated With Operative Management of Traumatic C2 Fractures in Octogenarians.
    Neurosurgery 2016 Aug;63 Suppl 1:174-5
    Introduction: The management of axis fractures and particularly of odontoid fractures in the elderly remains controversial. As a greater segment of the US population lives past 80, it is becoming increasingly evident that published morbidity and mortality profiles of C2 fractures in younger cohorts (55+) are not applicable to octogenarians. Consequently, there is a need for further study in this specific population. Read More

    Oral eosinophilic or traumatic ulcer: A case report and brief review.
    Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2015 Jul-Dec;6(2):237-40
    Department of Anatomical Pathology, Laverty Pathology, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia.
    Eosinophilic ulcer of the oral mucosa is considered to be a benign, reactive, and self-limiting lesion, with unclear pathogenesis, manifesting as a rapidly developing solitary ulcer. We report a case of a 42-year-old man who presented with a chronic indurated ulcer of buccal mucosa adjacent to the right upper wisdom tooth. Histopathological examination showed polymorphic inflammatory infiltrate, rich in eosinophilis, involving the superficial mucosa, and the deeper muscle layer. Read More

    TNF-alpha expression, evaluation of collagen, and TUNEL of Matricaria recutita L. extract and triamcinolone on oral ulcer in diabetic rats.
    J Appl Oral Sci 2016 May-Jun;24(3):278-90
    - Universidade Federal do Ceará, Setor de Patologia Oral, Departamento de Odontologia Clínica, Fortaleza, CE, Brasil.
    Objective: to evaluate the influence of Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha (TNF-α) and apoptosis in rats with DM treated with chamomile extract or triamcinolone.

    Material And Methods: Wistar male rats (210.0±4. Read More

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