1,119,813 results match your criteria Trauma Lower Genitourinary
Semin Neurol 2018 Dec 6;38(6):619-626. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.
Posttraumatic headaches are among the most challenging complaints after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). They are a debilitating problem experienced by patients after TBI of all severities. Up to 90% of mild TBI patients experience headache, particularly if female and with a premorbid history of primary headache. Read More
Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2018 Nov 19;39:73-79. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, G05, 3.20E Parklands Drive, Southport, 4222, Australia; Recover Injury Research Centre, NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence in Recovery Following Road Traffic Injuries, The University of Queensland, Level 7 Oral Health Centre, 288 Herston Road, Herston, Queensland, 4006, Australia. Electronic address:
Background: A prognostic clinical prediction rule (whiplash CPR) has been validated for use in individuals with acute whiplash associated disorders (WAD). The clinical utility of this tool is unknown.
Objectives: To investigate: 1) the level of agreement between physiotherapist- and whiplash CPR-determined prognostic risk classification of people with acute WAD; 2) which clinical findings are used by physiotherapists to classify prognostic risk; and 3) whether physiotherapists plan to differ the number of treatment sessions provided based on prognostic risk classification. Read More
Eur J Med Chem 2018 Nov 28;163:207-214. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Department of Neurosurgery, Kurume University, School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan. Electronic address:
Ischemia-reperfusion injuries produce reactive oxygen species that promote the peroxide lipid oxidation process resulting in the production of an endogenic lipid peroxide, 4-hydroxy-trans-2-nonenal (4-HNE), a highly cytotoxic aldehyde that induces cell death. We synthesized a novel 4-HNE scavenger - a carnosine-hydrazide derivative, l-carnosine hydrazide (CNN) - and examined its neuroprotective effect in a model of transient ischemia. PC-12 cells were pre-incubated with various doses (0-50 mmol/L) of CNN for 30 min, followed by incubation with 4-HNE (250 μM). Read More
Int J Paleopathol 2018 Dec 3;24:197-200. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
School of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK. Electronic address:
Trauma associated with slaughter is identified occasionally archaeologically in the cranial remains of domesticated animals, with evidence for pole-axing occurring in Europe, especially from the Roman period onwards. The injury typically extends through the frontal bone and sinuses to penetrate the braincase, causing haemorrhage, loss of consciousness, brain damage, and death. Evidence for slaughter methods in the British Neolithic, however, is lacking. Read More
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2018 Nov 30;175:91-97. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
CIRIMAT, Université de Toulouse 3 - Paul Sabatier, CNRS, Toulouse, France. Electronic address:
Alginate and chitosan are polysaccharides that are widely used in the biomedical field, especially as wound dressings. Controlled bioadhesion is an advanced functionality that offers the potential to reduce injuries due to the stripping-off of the biomaterial. Herein, we report the efficient grafting of poly-N(isopropylacryamide) (PNIPAM), a thermosensitive polymer that exhibits a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) at 32 °C on the alginate/chitosan polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) surface. Read More
World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology and Minia University Hospital, Mohammed Badway str., 61111, El-Minia, Egypt; Minia University Spine Unit (MUSU), Faculty of Medicine, Minia University. Minia University Hospital, Mohammed Badway str., 61111, El-Minia, Egypt. Electronic address:
Background Data: Complexity in ventral surgical exposure, presence of scapula and large para-scapular musculature during posterior surgery are the main obstacles in operative treatment of Upper Thoracic Spine Compressive Lesions (UTSCL) like trauma, tuberculosis and neoplasm. Recently, the advantages of combined ventro-dorsal surgery could be successfully gained using 1-stage posterior salvage technique with enough accessibility to all three spinal columns.
Purpose: Retrospective evaluation of 35 patients with UTSCL treated by Posterior Extensive Circumferential Decompressive Reconstructive (PECDR) procedure. Read More
World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Neurological Surgery, Policlinico "G. Rodolico" University Hospital, Via Santa Sofia 86, 95123 - Catania, Italy.
Background: Arachnoiditis ossificans (AO) is a rare condition often associated with previous spine surgery. Here we describe a unique case of a patient affected by ankylosing spondylitis (AS), presenting with progressive neurological deterioration due to AO. We also review the literature on evaluation and management of patients suffering from AO. Read More
Heart Rhythm 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Section of Cardiac Pacing and Electrophysiology, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH. Electronic address:
Background: The Watchman™ device (Boston Scientific, MN), used for left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) was approved for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and an appropriate rationale to avoid long-term oral anticoagulation. Patients with AF and prior intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) were excluded from clinical trials due to perceived risks of peri-operative anticoagulation.
Objective: We studied the efficacy and safety of LAAC using Watchman™ in patients with AF and prior ICH. Read More
Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Laboratory of Enzyme engineering and Microbiology, National Engineering School in Sfax, University of Sfax, B.P. 1173, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia. Electronic address:
The present study aims to investigate the physicochemical and the structural features of polysaccharide isolated from the red marine macro alga Chondrus canaliculatus (C.C.P) using FT-IR, gel filtration high-pressure chromatograph, HPLC-FID and solid state C NMR analysis. Read More
Exp Mol Pathol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Universidade Luterana do Brasil - ULBRA - Graduate Program in Genetics and Applied Toxicology, Canoas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; Universidade Luterana do Brasil - ULBRA - Graduate Program in Cellular and Molecular Biology Applied to Health, Canoas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS - Graduate Program in Medicine: Medical Sciences, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; Universidade Luterana do Brasil - Laboratory of Oxidative Stress and Antioxidants, Canoas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre - HCPA - Laboratory of Experimental Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Electronic address:
In recent decades, the number of people who practice sports has grown exponentially, increasing the number of muscular injuries. Trauma injury occurs when the muscle is exposed to a sudden compression force. Melatonin (MLT) has often been cited in the literature as a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. Read More
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
The State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China, Critical Care Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.
Rationale: There are controversial reports on applications of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
Objective: We hypothesized that lung microenvironment was the main determinant of beneficial versus detrimental effects of MSCs during ARDS.
Methods: Lung proteome was profiled in three models of injury induced by acid instillation and/or mechanical ventilation in mice. Read More
Asian Spine J 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Orthopaedics, P D Hinduja National Hospital & MRC, Mumbai, India.
Study Design: Retrospective radiological study.
Purpose: We aimed to determine the prevalence of ponticulus posticus (PP) and high-riding vertebral artery (HRVA) occurring simultaneously on the same side (PP+HRVA) and in cases of PP+HRVA, to assess C2 radio-anatomical measurements for C2 pars length, pedicle width, and laminar thickness.
Overview Of Literature: PP and HRVA predispose individuals to vertebral artery injuries during atlantoaxial fixation. Read More
Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):182-187
Hospital Centro Médico de Occidente. Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). Guadalajara, Jalisco. México.
The term «vertebral destruction syndrome» comprises pathologies causing structural changes in the spine, mainly in the vertebral body, producing mechanical deformity and neurological involvement. The pathologies found in this definition may be infectious, metabolic or tumoral. Vertebral osteomyelitis is a disease that occurs mainly in adults > 50 years; we speak of spondylodiscitis when the condition affects the disc and vertebral body. Read More
Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):163-166
Servicio de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología, Hospital de Sabadell. Institut Universitari Parc Taulí Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, España.
We present the case of an 81-year-old woman who was followed up by the Rheumatology Service for osteoporosis and treated with bisphosphonates for more than five years. She reported a fracture of the distal third of the contralateral femur by a low energy mechanism, treated with retrograde intramedullary nailing the previous year. She presented a clinic of cruralgia and left gonalgia, without previous trauma. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208571. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Haaglanden Medical Center, The Hague, the Netherlands.
Aim: Increasing evidence exists with respect to the relation between stressful life events and functional constipation (FC). We aimed to investigate the prevalence of FC in Palestinian refugee preschool children and to determine if stress and trauma exposure are risk factors of FC in these children.
Methods: From November 2013 until May 2014, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in West Bank, Gaza and Jordan. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208575. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
Background: A key mechanism thought to underlie Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is enhanced emotional memory consolidation. Recent evidence in healthy controls revealed that women have greater negative memory consolidation following stress relative to men. This study examined emotional memory consolidation in women and men with PTSD, and in trauma-exposed and non-trauma controls to test the hypothesis that emotionally negative memory consolidation would be greater in women with PTSD. Read More
Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):495-500
Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Objectives: To describe the patterns of alcohol use in James Bond movies over six decades.
Design: Film content analysis.
Setting: Wide range of international locations in 24 James Bond movies (Eon Productions series, 1962-2015). Read More
Clin Anat 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Clinical Anatomy, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.
Introduction: To improve the management outcomes and diagnostic accuracy of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injury, the anatomy of the medial side of the elbow joint is necessary to be understood in terms of the periarticular surroundings rather than the specific ligaments. The aim of this study was to anatomically clarify the medial side of the elbow joint in terms of the tendinous structures and joint capsule.
Materials And Methods: We conducted a descriptive anatomical study of 23 embalmed cadaveric elbows. Read More
Depress Anxiety 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) in college students is associated with substantial burden.
Aims: To assess 1-year incidence of MDD among incoming freshmen and predictors of MDD-incidence in a representative sample of students.
Method: Prospective cohort study of first-year college students (baseline: n = 2,519, 1-year follow-up: n = 958) RESULTS: The incidence of MDD within the first year of college was 6. Read More
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 15261.
Tracheal stenting currently using non-degradable stents is commonplace for treatment of trauma, prolonged intubation related adult airway obstructions, and pediatric patients-associated tracheal stenosis conditions. Degradable tracheal stent placement will avoid complications of stent removal and restenosis. Widespread reports exist on degradable magnesium alloys success for orthopedic and cardiovascular applications but none to date for intra tracheal use. Read More
Pediatr Crit Care Med 2018 Dec;19(12):1177-1178
Department of Pediatrics, Sections of Pediatric Critical Care and Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO Section of Pediatric Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.
Radiat Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
a Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York.
Over the last 50 years, a number of important physiological changes in humans who have traveled on spaceflights have been catalogued. Of major concern are the short- and long-term radiation-induced injuries to the hematopoietic system that may be induced by high-energy galactic cosmic rays encountered on interplanetary space missions. To collect data on the effects of space radiation on the human hematopoietic system in vivo, we used a humanized mouse model. Read More
J Neurotrauma 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
University of Pittsburgh, Neurosurgery , 3434 Fifth Ave , Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States , PA ;
New neuroprotective therapies for severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) have not translated from pre-clinical to clinical success. Numerous explanations have been suggested in both the pre-clinical and clinical arenas. Coverage of TBI in the lay press has reinvigorated interest creating a golden age of TBI research with innovative strategies to circumvent roadblocks. Read More
J Neurotrauma 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico "Carlo Besta", Neuroradiology department, Milano, Italy ;
In disorder of consciousness (DOC) patients, corpus callosum (CC) and subcortical white matter (SWM) integrity were showed to discriminate between diagnostic categories. The aims of the study were: 1) to clarify the link between the integrity of CC and of SWM and the clinical status in DOC patients, disentangling the role played by the different brain injuries (traumatic or hemorrhagic brain injury); 2) to investigate the relationship between the CC integrity and the brain metabolism. We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of the CC and SWM integrity, using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI), in a sample of DOC individuals, well-balanced for diagnosis and etiology. Read More
Personal Disord 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychology.
Extant research has supported a connection between socialization in childhood and difficulties regulating emotions. The biosocial theory of borderline personality disorder (BPD; Crowell, Beauchaine, & Linehan, 2009; Linehan, 1993) suggests that emotion dysregulation is a core mechanism underlying the extreme behaviors, mood instability, identity disturbance, and relationship instability observed in BPD. The present study investigated the impact of socialization factors related to emotions, parental autonomy support, parental psychological control, and childhood trauma on BPD features in a nonclinical young adult sample (N = 357). Read More
J Med Chem 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Antifibrinolytic drugs provide important pharmacological interventions to reduce morbidity and mortality from excessive bleeding during surgery and after trauma. Current drugs used for inhibiting the dissolution of fibrin, the main structural component of blood clots, are associated with adverse events due to lack of potency, high doses and non-selective inhibition mechanisms. These deficiencies warrant the development of a new generation highly potent and selective fibrinolysis inhibitors. Read More
Ir Med J 2018 08 13;111(7):792. Epub 2018 Aug 13.
University Hospital Galway, Ireland
Introduction A 62-year-old lady presented to The Emergency Department (ED) with one-day history of dizziness, vomiting and feeling weak. ECG showed new onset Atrial Fibrillation. Four days ago, she was referred to the Cardiology team where she underwent PCI and was discharged on Apixaban and Plavix. Read More
Ir Med J 2018 08 13;111(7):793. Epub 2018 Aug 13.
Department of Emergency Medicine, University Hospital Galway, Galway
Buckle fractures are the most common wrist fractures reported in the paediatric age group. National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends using a non-rigid immobilisation with no follow up for these patients and appropriate discharge advice. A telephone survey was conducted to assess the variation in practice in Irish hospitals regarding the mpediatrianagement of buckle fractures. Read More
Haemophilia 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Sports Medicine, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.
Introduction: The objective of this work was to examine the interrelations of posturographic and surface EMG (SEMG) characteristics of ankle muscles in patients with haemophilia while standing naturally.
Methods: Surface EMG of five bilaterally recorded ankle muscles was conducted in 24 patients with haemophilia (PwH, age: 42  years, mean [SD], 22 A, 2 B, 21 severe, 3 moderate) with median (quartiles) WFH orthopaedic joint score of 30 (20/39) points and 24 non-haemophilic controls (Con, age: 42 ). Force plate (IBS) signals were captured simultaneously during bipedal stance with eyes open. Read More
J Trauma Stress 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
Data regarding cancer risk for individuals who were exposed to traumatic and stressful life events are conflicting. We sought to evaluate the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the risk of the four most common solid tumors: lung, breast, prostate, and colorectal cancers. We conducted four nested case-control studies using a large UK population-based database. Read More
Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(4):25-30
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, W. Dega University Hospital, Poznań, Poland.
Introduction: Previous studies have demonstrated that the length of the lumbar spine is decreasing with age. Despite considerable research based on sagittal measurements, little is known about the changes in the volume of vertebrae. The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in the volume of either column of the spine with age. Read More
Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(4):31-42
Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, New Delhi, India.
Purpose: Deep freezing and storing in formalin are some of the common techniques of human tissue preservation. However, the preservation modes affect the biomechanical properties of the tissues. In this work, the effects of the above-stated preservation tech- niques are compared with that of fresh cadaveric samples. Read More
Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 6:1-17. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Health & Rehabilitation Sciences,University of Western Ontario,London, ON,Canada.
ABSTRACTBackground:People with dementia fall twice as often and have more serious fall-related injuries than healthy older adults. While gait impairment as a generic term is understood as a fall risk factor in this population, a clear elaboration of the specific components of gait that are associated with falls risk is needed for knowledge translation to clinical practice and the development of fall prevention strategies for people with dementia.
Objective: To review gait parameters and characteristics associated with falls in people with dementia. Read More
Curr Aging Sci 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Acute Geriatrics Unit, Monza (MB). Italy.
Introduction: Doege-Potter syndrome (DPS) is a rare but life-threatening paraneoplastic syndrome, characterized by non-islet cell tumor-induced hypoglycemia (NICTH) secondary to a solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), which secretes an incompletely processed form of insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF-2).
Results: A 96-year-old woman was admitted with head trauma due to an accidental fall. During her hospital stay she experienced frequent hypoglycemic episodes. Read More
Ther Apher Dial 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Healthy Sciences, Bakırkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital Istanbul, Turkey.
Scoring systems are used for mortality and morbidity rating in intensive care conditions, prognosis prediction, standardization of scientific data and the monitoring of clinical quality. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the efficacy of APACHE II (Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation), APACHE IV and SAPS (Simplified Acute Physiology Score) III prognostic scorings in the prediction of mortality and disease severity of patients admitted to the Anesthesia and Reanimation Clinic Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in Bakırköy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital according to general and specific diagnoses. Read More
J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Biosanitary Research Institute of Granada (ibs.GRANADA), University Hospitals of Granada-University of Granada, Granada, E-18071, Spain.
Regenerative medicine and tissue engineering (TE) have experienced significant advances in the development of in vitro engineered skin substitutes, either for replacement of lost tissue in skin injuries or for the generation of in vitro human skin models to research. However, currently available skin substitutes present different limitations such as expensive costs, abnormal skin microstructure and engraftment failure. Given these limitations, new technologies, based on advanced therapies and regenerative medicine, have been applied to develop skin substitutes with several pharmaceutical applications that include injectable cell suspensions, cell-spray devices, sheets or 3D-scaffolds for skin tissue regeneration and others. Read More
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Anesthesia, Section 4231, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Background: Supplemental oxygen is recommended during the initial treatment of trauma patients according to several guidelines, but the supporting evidence is sparse. We aimed to describe the use of supplemental oxygen and occurrence of hyperoxemia in the initial phase of trauma management at two level 1 trauma centers, TC1 and TC2.
Methods: In this prospective, observational study we included trauma patients ≥16 years of age. Read More
Brain Imaging Behav 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, CIRC 235H, 1720 2nd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL, 35294, USA.
The prefrontal cortex, amygdala, hippocampus, and hypothalamus are important components of the neural network that mediates the healthy learning, expression, and regulation of emotion. These brain regions are connected by white matter pathways that include the cingulum bundle, uncinate fasciculus, and fornix/stria terminalis. Individuals with trauma and stress-related disorders show dysfunction of the cognitive-affective processes supported by the brain regions these white matter tracts connect. Read More
Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Australian Marine Wildlife Research and Rescue Organization (AMWRRO), Adelaide, South Australia, 5000, Australia.
An adult male Australian sea lion (Neophoca cinerea) presented with a deep, almost circumferential, incised wound around the neck caused by a noose formed by a single strand of green nylon rope. The wound extended 4-5 cm deeply through the skin and blubber into skeletal muscle, predominantly on the dorsal surface and left side, but had not involved the airway or major vessels. The edges of the wound were sharply incised and oozing blood with a granulating infected base. Read More
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, Nydalen, Post Box 181, 0409, Oslo, Norway.
Objectives: To estimate the rate of sick leave and sick leave diagnosis among employees before and after a work-place targeted terror attack, and to compare sick leave in subgroups of employees based on gender and trauma exposure.
Methods: Data on sick leave and diagnosis in ministerial employees from the period 3 years before to 3 years after the 2011 bombing in the governmental district of Oslo was retrieved from the Norwegian Social Insurance Administration Registries.
Results: Prior to the attack, sick leave was twice as high in women as in men. Read More
Eur Radiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Zurich, Ramistrasse 100, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland.
Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of bone texture analysis (TA) combined with machine learning (ML) algorithms in standard CT scans to identify patients with vertebrae at risk for insufficiency fractures.
Materials And Methods: Standard CT scans of 58 patients with insufficiency fractures of the spine, performed between 2006 and 2013, were analyzed retrospectively. Every included patient had at least two CT scans. Read More