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    Internal limiting membrane flap transposition for surgical repair of macular holes in primary surgery and in persistent macular holes.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2017 Sep 18. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    VIROS-Vienna Institute for Research in Ocular Surgery, Karl Landsteiner Institute, Hanusch Hospital, Vienna - Austria.
    Purpose: Classical or temporal internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap transposition with air or gas tamponade are current trends with the potential to improve surgical results, especially in cases with large macular holes.

    Methods: A prospective case series included patients with idiopathic macular holes or persistent macular holes after 23-G pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and ILM peeling with gas tamponade. In all patients, 23-G PPV and ILM peeling with ILM flap transposition with gas tamponade and postoperative face-down position was performed. Read More

    [Fasciocutaneous flap reliable by deep femoral artery perforator for the treatment of ischial pressure ulcers].
    Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Sep 27. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
    Service de chirurgie plastique, reconstructrice et esthétique, université Claude-Bernard Lyon 1, hôpital de la Croix-Rousse, hospices civils de Lyon, CHU, 103, Grande rue de la Croix-Rousse, 69004 Lyon, France.
    Introduction: The surgical management of pressure ulcers in the paraplegic or quadriplegic population is marked by the high risk of recurrence in the long-term. In the current era of perforator flaps, newer reconstructive options are available for the management of pressure ulcers, decreasing the need to use the classically described muscular or musculocutaneous locoregional flaps. The coverage of ischial sores described in this article by a pedicled flap based on a deep femoral artery perforator, appears to be an effective first-line reconstructive option for the management of limited size pressure ulcers. Read More

    Deltopectoral flap revisited for reconstruction surgery in patients with advanced thyroid cancer: a case report.
    BMC Surg 2017 Sep 15;17(1):101. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Department of General Surgery, Yokohama City University Hospital, Yokohama, Japan.
    Background: We present the cases of 2 patients with invasive thyroid cancer, who underwent reconstructive surgery using a deltopectoral flap. Although the overall rate of extrathyroidal extension in patients with thyroid cancer is quite low, skin invasion is the most common pattern observed. Reconstructive surgery, involving local skin flaps, is required in these patients. Read More

    Repair of Craniomaxillofacial Traumatic Soft Tissue Defects With Tissue Expansion in the Early Stage.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Sep;28(6):1477-1480
    *Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing†Department of Plastic Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.
    Background: Craniomaxillofacial traumatic soft tissue defects severely affect the function and appearance of the patients. The traditional skin grafting or free flap transplantation can only close the defects in the early stage of operation but cannot ensure similar color, texture, and relative aesthetic contour. In the present study, the authors have explored a novel strategy to repair craniomaxillofacial traumatic soft tissue defects by tissue expansion in the early stage and have obtained satisfactory results. Read More

    The caudolaterally inserted transposition flap and its variations for reconstruction of defects of the nasal ala.
    J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2017 Oct 25;15(10):981-987. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
    Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Allergy, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Manheim, Germany.
    Closure of non-full-thickness defects of the nasal ala can be a surgical challenge. While there is a plethora of various reconstructive techniques, not all of them are easy to learn and carry out. Recently, the dermatosurgeon Andreas Lösler from the Department of Dermatology at the Hornheide Medical Center, Germany, developed and published the caudolaterally inserted transposition flap for the reconstruction of alar defects. Read More

    The association of a lip commissure to eyelid transposition flap with a frontal transposition flap for reconstructive eyelid surgery following squamous cell carcinoma resection in a European short-haired cat.
    Clin Case Rep 2017 Aug 28;5(8):1297-1302. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    Lorrainevet95 rue des Mazurots54710LudresFrance.
    The surgical resection of a squamous cell carcinoma in a cat was performed on both the palpebral and nasal aspects of the OD medial canthus. A two-stage surgical technique was employed, involving two different transposition flaps, taking care to maintain eyelid function and estheticism, with a long follow-up. Read More

    Modification of pedicle lengthening through perforator transposition in free anterolateral thigh flaps with pedicle size discrepancy: A case report.
    Microsurgery 2017 Jul 26. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    In spite of thorough presurgical planning, emergency situations requiring longer pedicle length may arise during anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap surgeries. While performing vessel graft for pedicle lengthening, discrepancy may occur because of a certain genetic predisposition or vascular variation at the anastomosis site of the graft vessel and the flap pedicle. A 76-year-old male patient with neurofibromatosis type I had a 15 x 10 cm defect, which was caused by radical excision of a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor on his back. Read More

    Pedicled omental flaps in the treatment of complex spinal wounds after en bloc resection of spine tumors.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2017 Sep 16;70(9):1267-1271. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, via Pupilli, 1, Bologna, Italy.
    Study Design: The present paper presents a retrospective study of 5 patients who underwent pedicled omental flap procedure following spine tumor removal.

    Summary Of Background Data: Postoperative wound dehiscence represents a major complication in spinal surgery, particularly after en bloc tumor resection, because of the extended sacrifice of soft tissues and adjuvant radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

    Methods: Five patients, with a mean age of 52 years (range, 24-71 years), who underwent omental flaps for the treatment of postoperative complication in spine tumor resections were retrospectively evaluated. Read More

    Flap Basics I: Rotation and Transposition Flaps.
    Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2017 Aug 30;25(3):313-321. Epub 2017 May 30.
    Department of Otolaryngology, University at Buffalo, 1237 Delaware Avenue, Buffalo, NY 14209, USA. Electronic address:
    In many cases of complex facial defects, because of advanced cutaneous malignancies, primary wound closure is impossible. In these instances, ideal results can be obtained through recruitment of adjacent tissue with the use of local flaps. Advances in local flap techniques have raised the bar in facial reconstruction; however, acceptable results to the surgeon and patient require high levels of planning and surgical technique. Read More

    Endobronchial-Guided Vascularized Tissue Flaps for a Bronchopleural Fistula.
    Ann Thorac Surg 2017 Jul;104(1):e1-e3
    Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Electronic address:
    The management of bronchopleural fistulas can be challenging. The initial treatment is usually conservative, but operative intervention with transposition of vascularized pedicled flaps may be required in refractory cases. We present the case of a 67-year-old man with stage IIIa squamous cell carcinoma of the lung who underwent a lower and middle bilobectomy after receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiation. Read More

    Single-stage excision and sentinel lymph node biopsy in cutaneous melanoma in selected patients: a retrospective case-control study.
    Melanoma Res 2017 Jun 5. Epub 2017 Jun 5.
    aDepartment of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Policlinico di Bari, Bari bDepartment of Clinical Pharmacology and Epidemiology, Mario Negri Sud Foundation, Santa Maria Imbaro, Italy.
    Sometimes, diagnostic excision of a primary melanoma would already necessitate skin grafting or transposition skin flaps, especially in areas with an esthetic or functional importance. The utility of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) after skin reconstruction is controversial. We carried out a single-institution retrospective case-control study. Read More

    A Wise Surgical Approach for Reconstruction of Postburn Axillary Contractures and Versatility of Perforator Flaps.
    J Burn Care Res 2017 May 31. Epub 2017 May 31.
    From the *Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Turkey; and †Gülhane Military Hospital-Ankara, Turkey.
    Postburn axillary adduction contractures should essentially be released for adequate shoulder function. Many methods have been described for this purpose. However, use of perforator flaps prevents harm to the underlying muscle and provides thin, pliable skin flaps. Read More

    Impact of groin flap ischemia-reperfusion on red blood cell micro-rheological parameters in a follow-up study on rats.
    Clin Hemorheol Microcirc 2017 May 24. Epub 2017 May 24.
    Background: Flap hypoperfusion or ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) may occur during preparation-transposition procedures and by postoperative thrombotic complications. Behind the microcirculatory disturbances micro-rheological alterations are also supposed.

    Objective: We aimed to investigate the groin flap I/R with following-up micro-rheological parameters. Read More

    The Transposition Flap for the Reconstruction of Lower Cutaneous Lip Defects.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2017 Apr;16(4):385-387

    The lower cutaneous lip is a highly visible and functionally sensitive unit, and numerous factors must be considered when deciding on the optimal repair for defects in this area. The transposition flap represents an excellent option in the reconstruction of larger lower cutaneous lip defects. We describe the use of random pattern transposition flaps for the repair of lower lateral cutaneous lip defects. Read More

    Chest Wall Reconstruction Without Prosthetic Material.
    Thorac Surg Clin 2017 May 1;27(2):165-169. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    Division of Thoracic Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Doan N-847, 410 West 10th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. Electronic address:
    The surgical resection of primary and secondary tumors involving the chest wall often requires reconstruction with prosthetic and soft tissues, such as muscle flaps. There are situations when a soft tissue reconstruction of the chest wall is preferable. Prosthetic material can become infected and require reoperation for removal of the infected material. Read More

    Guitar-String Suture to Facilitate Closure of a Finger-like Flap for Reconstruction of the Nose.
    Actas Dermosifiliogr 2017 Sep 27;108(7):657-664. Epub 2017 Mar 27.
    Departamento de Dermatología, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, España. Electronic address:
    Introduction: The basic principle of a lobed or finger-like transposition flap is that, after covering the defect with the transposed tissue, the donor site is closed primarily. With large defects, a second lobe may be added to the flap if primary closure of the area left by the first lobe is not possible. The flap can often be made to adapt to the defect, but this maneuver, in combination with primary closure of the adjacent tissue, can sometimes produce excessive tension and compromise the blood supply. Read More

    Retrospective Study (2009-2014): Perineal Hernias and Related Comorbidities in Bitches.
    Top Companion Anim Med 2016 Dec 14;31(4):130-133. Epub 2016 Nov 14.
    Department of Surgery, Small Animal Surgery Services, Veterinary Hospital, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo (FMVZ/USP), Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Retrospective study based on data extracted from medical records of dogs diagnosed with perineal hernia between 2009 and 2014; medical records of bitches were selected for further analysis to determine the prevalence of perineal hernias in bitches and to investigate potential comorbidities. Perineal hernia was diagnosed in 182 dogs (174 males and 8 females; 96% and 4%, respectively). Surgical correction was performed in 6 bitches. Read More

    Biochemical Effects of Exercise on a Fasciocutaneous Flap in a Rat Model.
    JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2017 Jul;19(4):303-310
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    Importance: An overwhelming amount of data suggest that cardiovascular exercise has a positive effect on the mind and body, although the precise mechanism is not always clear.

    Objective: To assess the clinical and biochemical effects of voluntary cardiovascular exercise on pedicled flaps in a rodent model.

    Design, Setting, And Participants: Eighteen adult Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomized into a resting animal group (RAG) (n=9) and an exercise animal group (EAG) (n=9) for 14 days (July 23, 2013, through July 30, 2013). Read More

    Perforator-based flaps for the treatment of burn scar contractures: a review.
    Burns Trauma 2017 27;5. Epub 2017 Feb 27.
    Burn Center and Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Hand Surgery, Red Cross Hospital, Vondellaan 13, 1942 LE Beverwijk, The Netherlands.
    Patients with burn scars often experience functional problems because of scar contractures. Surgical treatment may be indicated for those burn scar contractures. If the contractures are small and linear, the contraction bands can be treated with local transposition flaps like the Z-plasty. Read More

    A New Surgical Technique for Closure of Pilonidal Sinus Defects: Triangular Closure Technique.
    Med Sci Monit 2017 Feb 26;23:1033-1042. Epub 2017 Feb 26.
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey.
    BACKGROUND We present a clinical experience with a new local flap procedure, namely the triangular closure technique, for reconstruction of sacrococcygeal skin defects resulting from excision of the pilonidal sinus. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this technique, the defect is surgically converted to a triangle in shape. Then, the triangular defect is closed by transposition of 2 skin flaps designed in an unequal z-plasty manner. Read More

    Head and neck reconstruction with pedicled flaps in the free flap era.
    Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 2016 Dec;36(6):459-468
    Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, University of Florence, Italy.
    Nowadays, the transposition of microvascular free flaps is the most popular method for management of head and neck defects. However, not all patients are suitable candidates for free flap reconstruction. In addition, not every defect requires a free flap transfer to achieve good functional results. Read More

    [Treatment of recurrent Dupuytren's disease].
    Orthopade 2017 Apr;46(4):342-352
    Klinik für Handchirurgie, Salzburger Leite 1, 97616, Bad Neustadt an der Saale, Deutschland.
    Background: The tendency of recurrence or progression is a frequent problem in Dupuytren's disease. The management of recurrence is adapted to the individual situation and the patient's needs. In mild cases a non-operative approach is recommended. Read More

    Surgical approach for ulcerated locally advanced breast cancer. A single Center experience: a retrospective study.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88
    Aim: The aim of our retrospective study is to analyze surgical possibilities for the extended LABC in those cases not suitable for a neoadjuvant chemotherapy step and to consider various reconstruction techniques.

    Material Of Study: Between 2009 and 2015 we enrolled 11 patients, admitted to the Emergency Department, presenting ulcerated LABC that needed palliative surgical demolitive procedures because of bleeding and anemia and in which was necessary to use natural tissues transposition or synthetic substitutes for the reconstruction of the skin flaps.

    Results: The mean follow up was 12 months. Read More

    Pelvic floor reconstruction by modified rectus abdominis myoperitoneal (MRAM) flap after pelvic exenterations.
    Gynecol Oncol 2017 Mar 14;144(3):558-563. Epub 2017 Jan 14.
    Gynecologic Oncology Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and General University Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic.
    Objective: To describe the technique and report experiences with pelvic floor reconstruction by modified rectus abdominis myoperitoneal (MRAM) flap after extensive pelvic procedures.

    Methods: Surgical technique of MRAM harvest and transposition is carefully described. The patients in whom pelvic floor reconstruction with MRAM after either infralevator pelvic exenteration and/or extended lateral pelvic sidewall excision was carried out were enrolled into the study (MRAM group, n=16). Read More

    The Lateral Proximal Phalanx Flap for Contractures and Soft Tissue Defects in the Proximal Interphalangeal Joint: An Anatomical and Clinical Study.
    Hand (N Y) 2017 Jan 3;12(1):91-97. Epub 2016 May 3.
    Fundación CardioInfantil, Bogotá, Colombia; Instituto de Ortopedia Infantil Roosevelt, Bogotá, Colombia.
    Background: The management of contractures and soft tissue defects in the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) finger joint remains a challenge. We report a transposition flap from the lateral skin of the proximal phalanx that is based on perforating branches of the digital arteries and can be used safely for both palmar and dorsal cover defects. Methods: We first completed an anatomic study, dissecting 20 fingers in fresh cadavers with arterial injections and made the new flap in patients with dorsal or palmar defects in PIP joints. Read More

    Acta Chir Plast Winter 2016;58(2):82-84
    In case of an upper eyelid injury with loss of tissue, it is very important to perform reconstruction to restore protection of the cornea and bulbus. Depending on the size and location of the defect the most suitable reconstructive technique is chosen. This case report presents a patient with a partial loss of the upper eyelid. Read More

    Conservative surgery for laryngeal chondrosarcoma: a review of the most recently proposed approaches.
    Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 Apr;25(2):93-100
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.
    Purpose Of Review: The aim of this study was to describe the most recent technical nuances for resection and reconstruction of Grade 1 and 2 laryngeal chondrosarcomas, with a special emphasis on those located at the level of the cricoid plate, which is the site of origin of the vast majority of these rare tumours.

    Recent Findings: Even though inherently based on retrospective small clinical series or anecdotal case reports, a number of studies have been recently published focusing on conservative transoral and open-neck surgical procedures aimed at an oncologically sound removal of the tumour together with organ and function preservation. The open-neck conservative approaches herein reported can be roughly distinguished in those achieving a primary airway reconstruction by a tracheo-hyoido-epiglottopexy or an end-to-end crico-tracheal, thyro-crico-tracheal or thyro-tracheal anastomosis, and those requiring a single or double-staged transposition of different microvascular flaps, with or without cartilaginous graft insertion, to reconstruct a subtotal/total cricoidectomy and obtain a rigid and stable subglottic airway. Read More

    [Transplantation of allogeneic bone graft in the therapy of massive post-sternotomy defects - 6 years of experience with the method].
    Rozhl Chir Fall 2016;95(11):399-406
    Introduction: Early complications due to deep sternal wound infection pose a serious problem in cardiac surgery, with an up to 40% risk of mortality. Massive loss of sternum bone tissue and adjacent ribs results in major chest wall instability difficult to resolve using classical AO osteosynthesis procedures, causing respiratory insufficiency making the disconnection from artificial pulmonary ventilation difficult, and additional defects of soft tissue healing. Based on orthopaedic experience with bone defect replacement, we used the allogeneic bone graft method to reconstruct the chest wall. Read More

    Microcystic Adnexal Carcinoma of the Nasal Tip Treated With Surgical Excision and Rotational Forehead Skin Flap.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Nov;27(8):e756-e758
    *Department of Otorhinolaryngology†Department of Pathology‡Department of Plastic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Microcystic adnexal carcinoma (MAC) is a rare malignant cutaneous adenocarcinoma that typically occurs in the head and neck, particularly at the central face. There are only slightly more than 300 patients reported worldwide, and most patients occur in Caucasians. A 72-year-old man was referred to our hospital for definitive treatment of known MAC from previous biopsy. Read More

    A novel technique for full thickness medial canthal reconstruction; playing with broken lines.
    J Curr Ophthalmol 2016 Dec 2;28(4):212-216. Epub 2016 Sep 2.
    Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Purpose: To introduce a new modification of transposition flap technique for reconstruction of the medial canthal region.

    Methods: This prospective study included 58 patients with the full thickness involvement of both upper and lower lid in the medial canthal area. Reconstruction of posterior lamella was performed by utilizing periosteal flaps and tarsoconjunctival grafts, and anterior lamellar reconstruction was performed using transposition of multiple full-thickness skin flaps, a modified form of rhomboid flap technique. Read More

    Active Pedicle Epithelial Flap Transposition Combined with Amniotic Membrane Transplantation for Treatment of Nonhealing Corneal Ulcers.
    J Ophthalmol 2016 17;2016:5742346. Epub 2016 Oct 17.
    Shandong Eye Hospital, Shandong Eye Institute, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, 372 Jingsi Road, Jinan 250021, China.
    Introduction. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of active pedicle epithelial flap transposition combined with amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) in treating nonhealing corneal ulcers. Material and Methods. Read More

    An axial pattern flap based on the dorsal perineal artery in a cat.
    Aust Vet J 2016 Dec 1;94(12):470-473. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
    AQUIVET, Clinique Veterinaire, Bordeaux, France.
    Case Report: A 3-year-old male neutered Domestic Shorthair cat was evaluated for a skin mass of approximately 2 × 3 cm arising from the right dorsolateral aspect of the tail at the junction between the proximal and middle one-thirds of the tail length. Incisional biopsy sample was consistent with granulomatous inflammation. The granuloma was surgically excised with 5 mm margins of normal skin. Read More

    Long-Term Outcome of Arterial Switch Operation Conversion After Failed Senning/Mustard Procedure.
    Ann Thorac Surg 2016 Nov 2;102(5):1573-1579. Epub 2016 Jun 2.
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Heart Institute of Japan, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: We evaluated long-term outcomes of the arterial switch operation (ASO) conversion after a failed Senning/Mustard operation among patients with dextro-transposition of the great arteries.

    Methods: Between 1986 and 2006, 9 patients with dextro-transposition of the great arteries underwent ASO conversion at our institute. All patients had systemic right ventricle failure, 6 had supraventricular tachycardia, and 8 had moderate or severe tricuspid valve regurgitation. Read More

    Safety and efficacy of the keystone and rhomboid flaps for immediate reconstruction after wide local excision of non-head and neck melanomas.
    World J Surg Oncol 2016 Oct 19;14(1):269. Epub 2016 Oct 19.
    Department of Surgery at the Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA.
    Background: After wide local excision of cutaneous melanoma, large defects not amenable to simple primary closure are often covered with skin grafts. We report our experience using the rhomboid and keystone flaps to immediately close large axial and extremity wounds after potentially curative surgery for non-head and neck melanomas.

    Methods: Between January 2011 and September 2016, demographic, operative, pathologic, and outcome data were prospectively collected on 60 patients who underwent wide local excision of melanoma followed by immediate flap reconstruction. Read More

    A Simple and Effective Technique of Breast Remodelling After Conserving Surgery for Lower Quadrants Breast Cancer.
    Aesthetic Plast Surg 2016 Dec 4;40(6):887-895. Epub 2016 Oct 4.
    Breast Unit, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Udine, c/o Ospedale "S. Maria della Misericordia", piazzale santa maria della misericordia 15, 33100, Udine, Italy.
    Background: Quadrantectomy is an oncologically safe procedure for the treatment of early-stage breast cancer, but it often results in poor aesthetic outcomes such as breast shape deformity, which is more visible if the tumour is located in the lower pole. We recommend the use of the transverse incision, which retains the oncological advantages of the quadrantectomy while leading to better aesthetical results.

    Method: We evaluated the clinical results of 24 patients with breast cancer who underwent quadrantectomy of the lower breast pole and volume replacement with remodelling through three posterior scorings from January 2012 to January 2014, with cosmetic evaluations performed according to the criteria set by the Japanese Breast Cancer Society. Read More

    Adipofascial fold-down flaps based on the posterior tibial artery perforator to cover the medial foot and ankle defects.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2016 Dec 8;69(12):e229-e237. Epub 2016 Sep 8.
    Seoul National University Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 03080, South Korea.
    Purpose: We report the clinical outcome after coverage for soft-tissue defect on the medial foot and ankle with an adipofascial fold-down flap based on the posterior tibial artery perforator branch proximal to the defect.

    Materials: Nine patients (five males and four females) with soft-tissue defects on the medial foot and ankle area underwent the procedure from March 2009 to May 2014. The average age of the patients was 54 years (range, 8-82). Read More

    Repair of 50-75% full-thickness lower eyelid defects: Lateral stabilization as a guiding principle.
    Indian J Ophthalmol 2016 Aug;64(8):563-7
    Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA, USA.
    Introduction: Repair of large defects of the lower eyelid can be difficult. A common procedure performed to address these defects is a Hughes flap. This procedure has a number of disadvantages: The eye is closed postoperatively, a second stage is required, and the edge of the flap is often erythematous. Read More

    Birhombic Transposition Flap for Repair of Surgical Defects on the Nasal Dorsum.
    Dermatol Surg 2016 Oct;42(10):1229-32
    Dermatology Professionals, Inc., East Greenwich, Rhode Island Department of Dermatology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio Dermatology Professionals, Inc., East Greenwich, Rhode Island Division of Dermatology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts Department of Dermatology, The Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

    [Autologous ipsilateral lamellar corneal-flap transposition for treatment of peripheral corneal perforation].
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2016 Sep;52(9):663-8
    Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230022, China.
    Objective: To study the clinical outcome of autologous ipsilateral lamellar corneal-flap transposition for treatment of peripheral corneal perforation.

    Methods: Medical records of 13 patients who underwent autologous ipsilateral lamellar corneal-flap transposition for peripheral corneal perforation from January 2008 to February 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The diameter of the corneal ulcers was all ≤ 3. Read More

    Scalp Tissue Expansion Above a Custom-Made Hydroxyapatite Cranial Implant to Correct Sequelar Alopecia on a Transposition Flap.
    World Neurosurg 2016 Nov 5;95:616.e1-616.e5. Epub 2016 Sep 5.
    Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Hospital Sud, University of Rennes 1, Rennes, France; INSERM U917, University of Rennes 1, Rennes, France; SITI Laboratory, Etablissement Français du Sang Bretagne, Rennes University Hospital, Rennes, France.
    Background: Resection of cranial tumors involving both bone and scalp tissue may require the recruitment of soft tissue using a flap above the bone reconstruction. When a transposition flap has been chosen, the alopecia zone on the donor site may be difficult to treat afterward. Scalp expansion is the gold standard in these situations, but this has never been described above cranial implants. Read More

    Lateral Genicular Artery Flap for Reconstruction of a Large Knee Defect, Following Oncological Resection - Case Report.
    Chirurgia (Bucur) 2016 Jul-Aug;111(4):353-7
    This article presents the case of a 53 years old patient, with ulcerated and infected dermatofibrosarcoma, extended on the anterolateral side of the left knee. The postexcisional defect, exposing patella, was covered through a regional cutaneous flap of the distal third of the thigh, upper lateral genicular artery-based, measuring 20/10 cm, together with expanded free skin split grafts, applied in proximal third of the leg and distal third of the left thigh. Surgical stages and favorable postoperative evolution are exposed. Read More

    Surgical correction of lambdoid synostosis - New technique and first results.
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2016 Oct 6;44(10):1531-1535. Epub 2016 Aug 6.
    University Hospital Giessen, Dept. for Neurosurgery (Head: Prof. Dr. E. Uhl), Klinikstr. 33, 35385 Giessen, Germany.
    Objective: Premature craniosynostosis of the lambdoid suture is rare. The use of differential diagnosis to rule out positional occipital plagiocephaly is crucial. Nevertheless, once diagnosed, lambdoid craniosynostosis requires corrective surgery to prevent intracranial harm and aesthetic stigma by significant dyscrania. Read More

    Extensive Mine-Shrapnel and Gunshot Wound Closure Using Keystone Island Perforator Flaps.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2016 May 26;4(5):e723. Epub 2016 May 26.
    Burn and Plastic Surgery Centre, Municipal Hospital No 2, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine; and General Surgery Department, Dnipropetrovsk State Medical Academy, Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.
    Background: During military operations, one aspect of a plastic surgeon's work is to restore extensive and deep wound defects in a short period of time and provide a high degree of functional recovery to the damaged area. Because many injuries caused by military operations cannot be closed using a primary suture, the specialist has to select another surgical approach to close the wound defect. Surgeons must select methods that not only cover the extensive wound defect in 1 step but also allow skin coverage that is anatomically, functionally, and visually similar to the surrounding tissues to reduce the length of the hospital stay and ensure optimal functional recovery of the damaged organ. Read More

    Evaluation of an Axial Pattern Flap Based on the Cranial Cutaneous Branch of the Saphenous Artery: A Cadaveric Perfusion Study.
    Vet Surg 2016 Oct 24;45(7):922-928. Epub 2016 Aug 24.
    The Queen's Veterinary School Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
    Objectives: To confirm the anatomic location of the cranial cutaneous branch of the saphenous artery (CCSA), delineate the angiosome of the CCSA, and provide guidelines for clinical use of an axial pattern flap based on the CCSA.

    Study Design: Anatomic study.

    Animals: Greyhound cadavers (n=10). Read More

    Benefits of using omental pedicle flap over muscle flap for closure of open window thoracotomy.
    J Thorac Dis 2016 Jul;8(7):1697-703
    Second Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.
    Background: Open window thoracotomy (OWT) as well as its closure are challenging. Transposition of omental pedicle and muscle flaps is often performed for OWT closure; however, the better technique among the two is unknown. The purpose of this series was to evaluate the outcomes of using both omental pedicle and muscle flaps for the aforementioned closure. Read More

    Use of a Boari flap and renal descensus as treatment for proximal ureteral rupture in a cat.
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 2016 Aug;249(4):406-10
    CASE DESCRIPTION A 6-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of signs of abdominal pain and anuria of 12 hours' duration after vehicular trauma. CLINICAL FINDINGS Lethargy, mydriasis, bradycardia, abdominal distension, and signs of pain on abdominal palpation were observed. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed moderate urinary bladder distension without evidence of free abdominal fluid; hematologic evaluation revealed leukocytosis with high BUN and serum creatinine concentrations. Read More

    Indications and Results of Reconstructive Techniques with Flaps Transposition in Patients Requiring Complex Thoracic Surgery: A 12-Year Experience.
    Lung 2016 Oct 9;194(5):855-63. Epub 2016 Jul 9.
    Faculté de Médecine, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France.
    Background: Flap transposition is an infrequent but far from exceptional thoracic surgical procedure. The aim of this retrospective study was to report our experience in a referral unit of general thoracic surgery analyzing the early results after flap transposition.

    Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records, surgical notes, and postoperative results of a cohort of patients who underwent flap transposition in our unit from November 2000 to February 2013. Read More

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