11,910 results match your criteria Translocation Carcinoma

Pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma: A clinicopathological study of 45 patients.

Thorac Cancer 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Tianjin Neurological Institute, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma (PMEC) is uncommon. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathological features, diagnostic criteria, treatment options, and prognostic factors relating to primary PMEC. Clinical data on 45 patients with primary PMEC were collected and analyzed retrospectively at Tianjin Medical University General Hospital and the First People' Hospital of Longquanyi District Chengdu from January 2008 to December 2020. Read More

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A Small Molecule That Promotes Cellular Senescence Prevents Fibrogenesis and Tumorigenesis.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 20;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Osteoneurogen. Inc., Seoul 08501, Korea.

Uncontrolled proliferative diseases, such as fibrosis or cancer, can be fatal. We previously found that a compound containing the chromone scaffold (CS), ONG41008, had potent antifibrogenic effects associated with EMT or cell-cycle control resembling tumorigenesis. We investigated the effects of ONG41008 on tumor cells and compared these effects with those in pathogenic myofibroblasts. Read More

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In Vitro Anticancer Activity of Two Ferrocene-Containing Camphor Sulfonamides as Promising Agents against Lung Cancer Cells.

Biomedicines 2022 Jun 8;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Institute of Molecular Biology "Akad. Roumen Tsanev", Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str, bl 21, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria.

The successful design of antitumour drugs often combines in one molecule different biologically active subunits that can affect various regulatory pathways in the cell and thus achieve higher efficacy. Two ferrocene derivatives, DK-164 and CC-78, with different residues were tested for cytotoxic potential on non-small lung cancer cell lines, A549 and H1299, and non-cancerous MRC5. DK-164 demonstrated remarkable selectivity toward cancer cells and more pronounced cytotoxicity against A549. Read More

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MYB-NFIB fusion transcript in Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma: current state of knowledge and future directions.

Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 2022 Jun 20:103745. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Academic Unit of Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine and Pathology, Department of Clinical Dentistry, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is the most common type of salivary gland cancer that can also arise in other primary sites. Regardless of the site, most ACC cases carry a recurrent chromosomal translocation - t(6;9)(q22-23;p23-24) - involving the MYB oncogene and the NFIB transcription factor. Generally, a long sequence of MYB is fused to the terminal exons of NFIB, yet the break can occur in different exons for both genes, resulting in multiple chimeric variants. Read More

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Intestinal Barrier Dysfunction in Fatty Liver Disease: Roles of Microbiota, Mucosal Immune System, and Bile Acids.

Semin Liver Dis 2022 May 23;42(2):122-137. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Division of Experimental Pathology, Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) describes a spectrum of progressive liver diseases ranging from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis and fibrosis. Globally, NAFLD is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality associated with chronic liver disease, and NAFLD patients are at a higher risk of developing cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. While there is a consensus that inflammation plays a key role in promoting NAFLD progression, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Read More

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Exploring the potential mechanism of emetine against coronavirus disease 2019 combined with lung adenocarcinoma: bioinformatics and molecular simulation analyses.

BMC Cancer 2022 Jun 22;22(1):687. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 277 Yanta West Road, Xi'an, 710061, Shaanxi Province, China.

Background: Patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) may be more predisposed to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and have a poorer prognosis. Currently, there is still a lack of effective anti-LUAD/COVID-19 drugs. Thus, this study aimed to screen for an effective anti-LUAD/COVID-19 drug and explore the potential mechanisms. Read More

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DLGAP1-AS2-Mediated Phosphatidic Acid Synthesis Activates YAP Signaling and Confers Chemoresistance in Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Cancer Res 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

National Cancer Center / National Clinical Research Center for Cancer / Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) constitute a group of human malignancies that originate from the squamous epithelium. Most SCC patients experience treatment failure and relapse and have a poor prognosis due to de novo and acquired resistance to first-line chemotherapeutic agents. To identify chemoresistance mechanisms and explore novel targets for chemosensitization, we performed whole-transcriptome sequencing of paired resistant and parental SCC cells. Read More

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ATF4 protects against sorafenib-induced cardiotoxicity by suppressing ferroptosis.

Biomed Pharmacother 2022 Jun 17;153:113280. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Cardiology, Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250014, China; Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University & Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong Medicine and Health Key Laboratory of Cardiac Electrophysiology and Arrhythmia, Jinan, Shandong 250014, China. Electronic address:

Sorafenib (SOR) is an effective chemotherapy drug for hepatocellular carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, and differentiated thyroid carcinoma. However, a long-standing clinical issue associated with SOR use is an increased risk of cardiotoxicity, but the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. Here we report that ferroptosis of cardiomyocytes is responsible for SOR-induced cardiotoxicity. Read More

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Calreticulin nuclear translocalization alleviates CaM/CaMKII/CREB signaling pathway to enhance chemosensitivity in HDAC inhibitor-resistant hepatocellular carcinoma cells.

Aging (Albany NY) 2022 Jun 20;14(undefined). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Cardiovascular and Mitochondrial Related Disease Research Center, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Hualien 970, Taiwan.

Calreticulin (CRT) is located in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), it helps proteins fold correctly inside the ER, and acts as a modulator of Ca homeostasis. Aberrant expression of CRT is implicated in several cancer types, qualifying CRT as a potential therapeutic target. However, it remains unclear how CRT affects specific oncogenic pathways. Read More

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Tumor-derived CTF1 (cardiotrophin 1) is a critical mediator of stroma-assisted and autophagy-dependent breast cancer cell migration, invasion and metastasis.

Autophagy 2022 Jun 19. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Koç University School of Medicine, Research Center for Translational Medicine (KUTTAM), 34010 Istanbul, Turkey.

Macroautophagy/autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved cellular stress response mechanism. Autophagy induction in the tumor microenvironment (stroma) has been shown to support tumor metabolism. However, cancer cell-derived secreted factors that initiate communication with surrounding cells and stimulate autophagy in the tumor microenvironment are not fully documented. Read More

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Polyisocyanide hydrogels with tunable nonlinear elasticity mediate liver carcinoma cell functional response.

Acta Biomater 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Key Laboratory of Hebei Province for Molecular Biophysics, Institute of Biophysics, School of Science, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300401, PR China. Electronic address:

Hepatocellular carcinoma development is closely related to the changes in tissue mechanics induced by excess collagen deposition and crosslinking, which leads to liver fibrosis and malignant progression. The role of matrix stiffness has been widely assessed using various linearly elastic materials. However, the liver, like many soft tissues, also exhibits nonlinear elasticity by strain-stiffening, allowing cells to mechanically interact with their micromilieus which has attracted much attention in cellular processes recently. Read More

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FUNDC2 promotes liver tumorigenesis by inhibiting MFN1-mediated mitochondrial fusion.

Nat Commun 2022 Jun 17;13(1):3486. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

The MOE Key Laboratory of Biosystems Homeostasis & Protection, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory for Cancer Molecular Cell Biology, and Innovation Center for Cell Signaling Network, Life Sciences Institute, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, China.

Mitochondria generate ATP and play regulatory roles in various cellular activities. Cancer cells often exhibit fragmented mitochondria. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Read More

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MicroRNA-485-5p targets keratin 17 to regulate oral cancer stemness and chemoresistance via the integrin/FAK/Src/ERK/β-catenin pathway.

J Biomed Sci 2022 Jun 15;29(1):42. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Institute of Molecular Medicine, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan.

Background: The development of drug resistance in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) that frequently leads to recurrence and metastasis after initial treatment remains an unresolved challenge. Presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) has been increasingly reported to be a critical contributing factor in drug resistance, tumor recurrence and metastasis. Thus, unveiling of mechanisms regulating CSCs and potential targets for developing their inhibitors will be instrumental for improving OSCC therapy. Read More

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Comprehensive Analysis of the Expression and Prognostic Value of LMAN2 in HER2+ Breast Cancer.

J Immunol Res 2022 6;2022:7623654. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Scientific Research Center, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518107, China.

Lectin, Mannose Binding 2 (LMAN2) encodes a type I transmembrane lectin that shuttles between the plasma membrane, the Golgi apparatus, and the endoplasmic reticulum. However, its expression, prognosis, and function in invasive breast carcinoma remain unknown. Nine databases were consulted to evaluate LMAN2 expression and prognosis in breast cancer. Read More

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Demethoxycurcumin induces apoptosis via inhibition of NF-κB pathway in FaDu human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Transl Cancer Res 2022 May;11(5):1064-1075

Institute of Dental Science, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

Background: Demethoxycurcumin (DMC) is a curcumin analog with antitumor properties. However, its effects have not been investigated in human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The aim of the present study was to verify the antitumor effect and cellular signaling pathways of DMC in FaDu HNSCC cells. Read More

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Exosomal circRNA FNDC3B promotes the progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma by sponging miR-490-5p and regulating thioredoxin reductase 1 expression.

Bioengineered 2022 05;13(5):13829-13848

Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Zigong Fourth People's Hospital, Zigong City, China.

Exosomal circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been reported to play critical roles in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We aimed to investigate the function of exosomal circRNA FNDC3B (circFNDC3B). The RNA levels and protein levels were examined using RT-qPCR and western blot (WB) assays. Read More

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Mixed epithelial and stromal tumours of the kidney with malignant transformation: a clinicopathological study of four cases.

Pathology 2022 Jun 10. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA. Electronic address:

Mixed epithelial and stromal tumour of the kidney is a complex benign neoplasm in which malignancy rarely arises. In this study, we report four mixed epithelial and stromal tumours in which sarcoma or carcinoma developed. In the first, a multifocal adenocarcinoma arose and areas of transition from benign to malignant epithelium were observed. Read More

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A case of large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma harboring rare ALK fusion with initial response to the ALK inhibitor crizotinib and acquired F1174L mutation after resistance.

Precis Clin Med 2019 Mar 15;2(1):1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

A 51-year-old, male, non-smoker with a 3.4 cm mass in the right middle lobe was diagnosed with large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC). Fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene translocation, in agreement with the immunohistochemistry result obtained with use of ALK-Ventana. Read More

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An elderly female patient with ROS1 rearrangement primary lung adenocarcinoma and breast carcinoma: a rare case report and review of the literature.

Precis Clin Med 2019 Oct 28;2(3):197-203. Epub 2019 Aug 28.

Department of Thoracic Oncology, Cancer Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37 Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu 610041, China.

We report the case of a 90-year-old female patient who was suffering from c-ros oncogene 1 () rearrangement adenocarcinoma and breast cancer. After about 14 months of a reduced dose of crizotinib treatment, she had a stable disease according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1. Read More

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October 2019

Bioinformatics analysis of downstream circRNAs and miRNAs regulated by Runt-related transcription factor 1 in papillary thyroid carcinoma.

Gland Surg 2022 May;11(5):868-881

Department of Clinical Medicine, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Background: This study sought to clarify the role of Runt-related transcription factor 1's (RUNX1's) regulation of downstream circular ribonucleic acid (circRNA) in the occurrence and development of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and to explore its mechanism of action.

Methods: The levels of RUNX1 were analyzed in PTC tumor tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues in different types and at different stages via reverse-transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The expression pattern and functional role of RUNX1 were analyzed in PTC cells via RT-qPCR, Western blotting, and Transwell assays. Read More

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ZNF165 Is Involved in the Regulation of Immune Microenvironment and Promoting the Proliferation and Migration of Hepatocellular Carcinoma by AhR/CYP1A1.

J Immunol Res 2022 1;2022:4446805. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Graduate School of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning 116044, China.

The strong tumorigenic capacity and treatment resistance made hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) a huge threat to public health. ZNF165, the kruppel family of zinc-finger-containing transcription factors, is expressed in HCC; however, its specific role in HCC and the molecular mechanism are yet to be elucidated. In this study, we observed that ZNF165 was overexpressed in liver cancer tissues and the immune microenvironment; higher ZNF165 expression was correlated with lower overall survival in liver cancer patients. Read More

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The Pnpla3 Variant I148M Reveals Protective Effects Towards Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Mice via Restoration of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fats.

J Nutr Biochem 2022 Jun 9:109081. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland.

Alcohol consumption and high caloric diet are leading causes of progressive fatty liver disease. Genetic variant rs738409 in patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3 rs738409 C>G) has been repeatedly described as one of the major risk loci for alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in humans, however, the mechanism behind this association is incompletely understood. We generated mice carrying the rs738409 variant (PNPLA3 I148M) in order to detect genotype-phenotype relationships in mice upon chow and alcohol-high fat/high sugar diet (EtOH/WD). Read More

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Addiction of Merkel cell carcinoma to MUC1-C identifies a potential new target for treatment.

Oncogene 2022 Jun 10. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an aggressive malignancy with neuroendocrine (NE) features, limited treatment options, and a lack of druggable targets. There is no reported involvement of the MUC1-C oncogenic protein in MCC progression. We show here that MUC1-C is broadly expressed in MCCs and at higher levels in Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV)-positive (MCCP) relative to MCPyV-negative (MCCN) tumors. Read More

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Genetic polymorphism in () gene is associated with keratinocyte skin cancer in a cohort of renal transplant recipients.

Skin Health Dis 2022 Jun 2;2(2):e95. Epub 2022 Feb 2.

Department of Dermatology University Hospital Galway Galway Ireland.

Background: Renal transplant recipients (RTRs) are at increased risk of keratinocyte cancer (KC), especially cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). Previous studies identified a genetic variant of the () gene, C677T, which conferred a risk for diagnosis of cSCC in Irish RTRs.

Objective: We sought to find further genetic variation in and overlap genes that may be associated with a diagnosis of KC in RTRs. Read More

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[Clinicopathological features of clear cell carcinoma of salivary gland in the head and neck].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2022 Jun;51(6):494-499

Department of Pathology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.

To investigate the clinical, histologic, immunohistochemical (IHC) and molecular genetic features of clear cell carcinoma (CCC) of salivary gland in the head and neck regions. Seven cases of CCC diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from 2018 to 2021 were included. The clinical and pathologic data, HE sections and IHC staining were reviewed, and EWSR1 gene translocation was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Read More

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Peptide-Based Cancer Vaccine Delivery via the STINGΔTM-cGAMP Complex.

Adv Healthc Mater 2022 Jun 7:e2200905. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.

With the advent of bioinformatic tools in efficiently predicting neo-antigens, peptide vaccines have gained tremendous attention in cancer immunotherapy. However, the delivery of peptide vaccines remains a major challenge, primarily due to ineffective transport to lymph nodes and low immunogenicity. Here, a strategy for peptide vaccine delivery is reported by first fusing the peptide to the cytosolic domain of the stimulator of interferon genes protein (STINGΔTM), then complexing the peptide-STINGΔTM protein with STING agonist 2'3' cyclic guanosine monophosphate-adenosine monophosphate (cGAMP). Read More

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Targeted inhibition of STAT3 induces immunogenic cell death of hepatocellular carcinoma cells via glycolysis.

Mol Oncol 2022 Jun 5. Epub 2022 Jun 5.

Institute of Immunopharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

In hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is present in an overactive state that is closely related to tumour development and immune escape. STAT3 inhibition reshapes the tumour immune microenvironment, but the underlying mechanisms have not been fully clarified. We found that STAT3 inhibition could induce immunogenic cell death (ICD) of HCC cells via translocation of the 'eat me' molecule calreticulin to the cell surface and a significant reduction in the expression of the 'don't eat me' molecule leukocyte surface antigen CD47. Read More

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miRNA-432 and SLC38A1 as Predictors of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Complicated with Alcoholic Steatohepatitis.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2022 25;2022:4832611. Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Hepatology Institute of Wenzhou Medical University, Zhejiang Key Laboratory of Hepatology, Wenzhou, 325000 Zhejiang, China.

Alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH) is asymptomatic in the early stages and is typically advanced at the time of diagnosis. With the global rise in alcohol abuse, ASH is currently among the most detrimental diseases around the world. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the final outcomes of numerous liver diseases. Read More

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Molecular mechanism of lncRNA SNHG12 in immune escape of non-small cell lung cancer through the HuR/PD-L1/USP8 axis.

Cell Mol Biol Lett 2022 Jun 3;27(1):43. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Cancer Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Tianwen Avenue No. 288, Nan'an District, Chongqing, 400010, China.

Background: The pivotal role of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cancer immune responses has been well established. This study was conducted with the aim of exploring the molecular mechanism of lncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 12 (SNHG12) in immune escape of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods: Expression of lncRNA SNHG12, programmed cell death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1), ubiquitin-specific protease 8 (USP8), and human antigen R (HuR) in NSCLC tissues and cells was measured, and their binding relationship was determined. Read More

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Tanshinone IIA exerts autophagic cell death through down-regulation of β-catenin in renal cell carcinoma cells.

Biochimie 2022 May 30;200:119-130. Epub 2022 May 30.

Department of Science in Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 24 Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, 02447, South Korea. Electronic address:

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), also called kidney cancer, is one of the most common malignancies worldwide, including the United States and China. Because of the characteristics of RCC that are both insidious and largely insensitive to chemo-radiation, the incidence and mortality of RCC are increasing every year. However, there are few studies describing anti-cancer effects of the natural compounds on RCC as compared to other cancers. Read More

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