736 results match your criteria Transjugular Liver Biopsy


Abdominal surgery in patients with idiopathic noncirrhotic portal hypertension: a multicenter retrospective study.

Hepatology 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Service d'Hépatologie, Centre de Référence des Maladies Vasculaires du Foie, DHU Unity, Pôle des Maladies de l'Appareil Digestif, Hôpital Beaujon, AP-HP, Clichy, France.

In patients with idiopathic noncirrhotic portal hypertension (INCPH), data on morbi-mortality of abdominal surgery are scarce We retrospectively analyzed the charts of patients with INCPH undergoing abdominal surgery within the VALDIG network. Forty-four patients with biopsy-proven INCPH were included. Twenty-five (57%) patients had ≥1 extrahepatic conditions related with INCPH and 16 (36%) had a history of ascites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.30628DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Hepatic Venous Pressure Gradient Measurements in Children: Correlation With Hepatic Histology and Clinical Indicators of Portal Hypertension.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Center for Clinical and Translational Research, Seattle Children's Research Institute.

Objectives: In adults, elevated hepatic venous pressure gradients (HVPGs) are correlated with the degree of liver fibrosis on histopathology and predict worse outcomes including variceal bleeding and death. We aimed to examine the association between HVPG measurements, histopathologic findings, and clinical indicators of portal hypertension in children.

Methods: Utilizing retrospective data from 2 pediatric centers between 2006 and 2015, we identified children who underwent simultaneous HVPG measurement and transjugular liver biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000002327DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Role of imaging techniques in liver veno-occlusive disease diagnosis: recent advances and literature review.

Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Mar 21:1-22. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

a Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences (DIMEC) , University of Bologna , Bologna , Italy.

Introduction: Veno-occlusive-disease (VOD), known also as sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome (SOS), is one of the main complications of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation and is related to the treatment with pyrrolizidine alkaloids or other toxic agents (chemotherapy for liver-metastasis). Clinical diagnosis using the recent criteria from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, is the reference for VOD/SOS diagnosis. However, increasing evidence suggests the emerging role of several imaging methods that could help the clinician in VOD/SOS assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17474124.2019.1588111DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Transjugular aspiration liver biopsy performed by hepatologists trained in HVPG measurements is safe and provides important diagnostic information.

Dig Liver Dis 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; Vienna Hepatic Hemodynamic Laboratory, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

Background: Transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) represents an alternative to percutaneous liver biopsy especially in patients with impaired coagulation and ascites.

Aims: To describe safety and diagnostic yield of aspiration TJLB performed by hepatologists experienced in hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) measurements.

Methods: 445 TJLB of 399 patients between 01/2007-12/2016 were retrospectively assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2019.01.020DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Endoscopic Ultrasound-guided Liver Biopsy.

Authors:
David L Diehl

Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am 2019 Apr 2;29(2):173-186. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Geisinger Medical Center, 100 North Academy Avenue, 21-11, Danville, PA 17822, USA. Electronic address:

There remains an important role for liver biopsy in the management of liver disorders. Image-guided liver biopsy can be obtained with percutaneous or transjugular approaches. Real-time image-guided liver biopsy can be accomplished with endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.giec.2018.11.002DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Review article: a multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and management of Budd-Chiari syndrome.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2019 Apr 3;49(7):840-863. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Liver Unit, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK.

Background: Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare but fatal disease caused by obstruction in the hepatic venous outflow tract.

Aim: To provide an update of the pathophysiology, aetiology, diagnosis, management and follow-up of BCS.

Methods: Analysis of recent literature by using Medline, PubMed and EMBASE databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apt.15149DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

TIPSS for variceal bleeding in patients with idiopathic non-cirrhotic portal hypertension: comparison with patients who have cirrhosis.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2019 Apr 28;49(7):926-939. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Liver Diseases and Digestive Interventional Radiology, National Clinical Research Center for Digestive Diseases and Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.

Background: In patients with idiopathic non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (INCPH), the usual recommended strategy for management of variceal bleeding is the same as that in cirrhosis. However, this policy has been challenged by the different natural history between INCPH and cirrhosis.

Aim: To compare outcomes after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS) between INCPH and cirrhotic patients admitted for variceal bleeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apt.15186DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Safety and Efficacy of Transjugular Liver Biopsy in Patients with Left Lobe-Only Liver Transplants.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, M-361, San Francisco, CA 94143.

Purpose: To evaluate efficacy and safety of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) via the left hepatic vein in patients with left lobe-only liver transplants (LLOTs).

Materials And Methods: Retrospective review revealed 43 TJLBs performed in 26 patients with LLOTs (mean age 51.3 y; range, 18-73 y) between January 2009 and June 2016 at a single institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvir.2018.07.026DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Comparison of EUS-guided versus percutaneous and transjugular approaches for the performance of liver biopsies.

Dig Liver Dis 2019 Jan 22. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Division of Gastroenterology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Liver biopsy through endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has become a novel approach for tissue acquisition. We aim to evaluate the adequacy of EUS-guided liver biopsies in comparison to those obtained through interventional radiology (IR) techniques.

Methods: A retrospective single-center analysis was performed of all IR (transjugular or image-guided percutaneous) and EUS-guided liver biopsies performed at an academic medical center from January 2016 to January 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2019.01.006DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Comparison of Transjugular Liver Biopsy and Percutaneous Liver Biopsy With Tract Embolization in Pediatric Patients.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2019 Apr;68(4):e71

Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, CA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000002290DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Transjugular Liver Biopsy Versus Percutaneous Liver Biopsy With Tract Embolization in Children With Coagulopathy.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2019 Apr;68(4):e71

Department of Pediatric Hepatology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000002289DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads
2.625 Impact Factor

Autoimmune Hepatitis with Concomitant Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Diagnosed by Transjugular Liver Biopsy.

Case Reports Hepatol 2018 9;2018:5305691. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Gastroenterology and Medicine, Fukuoka University Faculty of Medicine, 7-45-1 Nanakuma, Jonan, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan.

Patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) may sometimes have concomitant idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Severe thrombocytopenia in ITP interferes with percutaneous liver biopsy for pathological diagnosis of AIH. Here, we report a case of AIH with ITP in a 63-year-old woman. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crihep/2018/5305691/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5305691DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304620PMC
December 2018
14 Reads

Morbidity and mortality after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement in patients with cirrhosis.

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 05;31(5):626-632

Hepatology and Liver Transplant Unit, Department of Medical Area (DAME).

Objectives: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is adopted to treat refractory complications of portal hypertension, such as variceal bleeding and ascites. This study aimed to assess predictors of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) development and cumulative transplant-free survival after TIPS placement in patients with cirrhosis complicated by refractory ascites and major gastroesophageal bleeding.

Materials And Methods: Sixty-three cirrhotic patients who underwent TIPS positioning as a secondary prophylaxis of major upper gastroesophageal bleeding (N=30) or to control refractory ascites (N=33) were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MEG.0000000000001342DOI Listing
May 2019
8 Reads

Stepwise evaluation of liver sectors and liver segments by endoscopic ultrasound.

World J Gastrointest Endosc 2018 Nov;10(11):326-339

Department of Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute, Lucknow 226014, Uttar Pradesh, India.

The liver has eight segments, which are referred to by numbers or by names. The numbering of the segments is done in a counterclockwise manner with the liver being viewed from the inferior surface, starting from Segment I (the caudate lobe). Standard anatomical description of the liver segments is available by computed tomographic scan and ultrasonography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4253/wjge.v10.i11.326DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247100PMC
November 2018
19 Reads

Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt for the Treatment of Portal Hypertension-Induced Refractory Ascites Due to Metastatic Carcinomatous Liver Disease.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2018 12 2;29(12):1713-1716. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

Three patients with a medical history of breast carcinoma and metastatic carcinomatous liver disease associated with severe portal hypertension and refractory ascites are presented. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt creation was considered as a palliative treatment option and a valuable alternative to regular paracenteses in these patients. In 2 of the 3 patients, the refractory ascites was controlled for several months without need for paracentesis, and subsequently transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt may provide valuable palliation and ascites control in patients with refractory ascites due to breast cancer-induced pseudocirrhosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvir.2018.08.007DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Efficacy and safety of EUS-guided liver biopsy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Gastrointest Endosc 2019 02 31;89(2):238-246.e3. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Background And Aims: EUS-guided liver biopsy (LB) is an emerging technique over conventional percutaneous (PC) or transjugular (TJ) approaches. Recent studies have reported that EUS-guided LB may have a better safety profile than PC LB or TJ LB without compromising diagnostic yield, and the outcomes are varied with respect to the types of biopsy needles. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the diagnostic yield, specimen adequacy, and adverse events associated with EUS-guided LB. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00165107183319
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gie.2018.10.018DOI Listing
February 2019
16 Reads

Long-Term Outcome of Veno-Occlusive Disease After Liver Transplant: A Retrospective Single-Center Experience.

Exp Clin Transplant 2019 04 24;17(2):214-221. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

From the Department of General Surgery, Liver Transplant Center, A.O.U. Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, University of Torino, Torino, Italy.

Objectives: Veno-occlusive disease after liver transplant has been sporadically reported, and significant uncertainty exists concerning the best treatment and the long-term outcomes. Here, we reviewed our experience to evaluate clinical presentation, treatment, and the long-term outcomes of these patients.

Materials And Methods: Between 2000 and 2015, 2165 patients underwent liver transplant at our center. Read More

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http://ectrx.org/forms/ectrxcontentshow.php?doi_id=10.6002/e
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6002/ect.2017.0315DOI Listing
April 2019
10 Reads

Acquired factor VII deficiency causing severe bleeding disorder secondary to AL amyloidosis of the liver.

Hematol Rep 2018 Sep 24;10(3):7235. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Division of Medical Oncology & Hematology.

A 52 year-old male presented with neck pain after undergoing thyroidectomy for a goiter three weeks prior which was complicated by a neck hematoma requiring evacuation. Computed tomography (CT) scan showed a neck hematoma requiring evacuation and he received desmopressin with cessation of bleeding. Coagulation studies were normal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/hr.2018.7235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6176396PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Bile leak after transjugular liver biopsy in a cholecystectomy patient.

Radiol Case Rep 2018 Dec 14;13(6):1203-1206. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Department, University of Maryland Medical Center, 33 S Greene Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.

Introduction: Transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) is a minimally invasive procedure performed to obtain hepatic tissue in patients whom standard percutaneous liver biopsy is contraindicated due to abnormal coagulation profile and/or severe ascites. Additionally, it has the advantage of simultaneously measuring the hepatic venous pressures.

Case Presentation: 61-year-old male with history of pulmonary fibrosis, cholecystectomy and Hepatitis C underwent transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) as part of his lung transplant workup. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2018.07.026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6140423PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

[Ascites].

Authors:
Soung Won Jeong

Korean J Gastroenterol 2018 Aug;72(2):49-55

Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital Seoul, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Ascites is the most common cause of decompensation in cirrhosis, and 5% to 10% of patients with compensated cirrhosis develop ascites each year. The main factor of ascites formation is renal sodium retention due to activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and sympathetic nervous system by the reduced effective volume secondary to splanchnic arterial vasodilation. Diagnostic paracentesis is indicated in all patients with a new onset of grade 2 or 3 ascites and in those admitted to hospital for any complication of cirrhosis. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.4166/kjg.2018.72
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2018.72.2.49DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

The utility of ultrasound guidance in transjugular liver biopsy: our experience.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2019 Feb;44(2):749-755

Department of Interventional Radiology & Interventional Oncology, BGS Gleneagles Global Hospitals, Bangalore, India.

Purpose: To demonstrate the utility of ultrasound (US) guidance in improving the safety and efficacy of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) by analyzing all the TJLBs performed by us in the last 4 years.

Materials And Methods: Forty-seven patients who underwent TJLB in the last 4 years in our two centers were retrospectively analyzed. US guidance was used for all but for one patient during the two crucial steps of the procedure-for internal jugular vein (IJV) access and during the parenchymal biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-018-1736-4DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

Fibroscan Reliably Rules Out Advanced Liver Fibrosis and Significant Portal Hypertension in Alcoholic Patients.

J Clin Gastroenterol 2018 Aug 13. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Departments of Hepato-gastroenterology.

Background/goals: To date, there is no consensus on optimal cut-off values and timing of transient elastography (TE, Fibroscan) for fibrosis staging and prediction of portal hypertension in alcoholic liver disease. We evaluated the accuracy of Fibroscan for the diagnosis of fibrosis and clinically significant portal hypertension in alcoholic patients.

Study: Heavy drinkers admitted to our standardized alcohol withdrawal program were evaluated by Fibroscan, by transjugular hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) measurement and liver biopsy if significant fibrosis was suspected and by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCG.0000000000001119DOI Listing
August 2018
27 Reads

Pathological Features of Mitochondrial Ultrastructure Predict Susceptibility to Post-TIPS Hepatic Encephalopathy.

Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 16;2018:4671590. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Department of Interventional Therapy, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, China.

Background: Post-TIPS hepatic encephalopathy (PSE) is a complex process involving numerous risk factors; the root cause is unclear, but an elevation of blood ammonia due to portosystemic shunt and metabolic disorders in hepatocytes has been proposed as an important risk factor.

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of pathological features of mitochondrial ultrastructure on PSE via transjugular liver biopsy at TIPS implantation.

Methods: We evaluated the pathological damage of mitochondrial ultrastructure on recruited patients by the Flameng classification system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4671590DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6069695PMC
February 2019
35 Reads

Utility and Safety of Liver Biopsy in Patients with Undetermined Liver Blood Test Anomalies after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: A Monocentric Retrospective Cohort Study.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2018 Dec 30;24(12):2523-2531. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Hematology Transplantation, APHP Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France; UFR de Médecine, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France; Alloimmunity, autoimmunity and transplantation unit, INSERM UMR 1160, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Liver blood test anomalies are common after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), but their cause often remains difficult to identify. Our objective was to evaluate the safety and utility of liver biopsies in patients who underwent allo-HSCT. In a retrospective single-center cohort study, we reviewed all cases of patients who underwent liver biopsy between June 2005 and July 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2018.07.037DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

The portal vein as a distinct immunological compartment - A comprehensive immune phenotyping study.

Hum Immunol 2018 Oct 30;79(10):716-723. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Department of Internal Medicine 1, University Hospital Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Electronic address:

Advanced liver diseases are associated with impaired intestinal barrier function, which results in bacterial influx via the portal vein to the liver, causing hepatic and systemic inflammation. Little is known about possible concomitant trafficking of immune cells from the intestines to the liver. We therefore performed a comprehensive immunophenotyping study of the portal venous versus peripheral blood compartment in patients with liver cirrhosis who received a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPS). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01988859183056
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humimm.2018.07.233DOI Listing
October 2018
28 Reads

Operator Dose Reduction during Transjugular Liver Biopsy Using a Radiation-Attenuating Drape: A Prospective, Randomized Study.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2018 09 27;29(9):1248-1253. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Ave., M-361, San Francisco, CA 94143.

Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of disposable radiation-absorbing surgical drapes on operator radiation dose during transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB).

Materials And Methods: This dual-arm prospective, randomized study was conducted between May 2017 and January 2018 at a single institution. TJLB procedures (N = 62; patient age range, 19-80 y) were assigned at a 1:1 ratio to the use of radiation-absorbing surgical drapes or standard surgical draping. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvir.2018.05.006DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Liver Biopsy Can Be Safely Performed in Pediatric Acute Liver Failure to Aid in Diagnosis and Management.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Oct;67(4):441-445

Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL.

Objectives: Liver biopsy can be a valuable tool to help determine the etiology of pediatric acute liver failure (PALF), but is often not performed due to safety concerns. The primary aim was to describe the incidence of major complications after liver biopsy performed in the setting of PALF.

Methods: Medical records from 2006 to 2016 were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000002096DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Contemporary Interventional Radiology Dosimetry: Analysis of 4,784 Discrete Procedures at a Single Institution.

J Am Coll Radiol 2018 Sep 3;15(9):1214-1221. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Radiology, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Purpose: To report dosimetry of commonly performed interventional radiology procedures and compare dose analogues to known reference levels.

Materials And Methods: Demographic and dosimetry data were collected for gastrostomy, nephrostomy, peripherally inserted central catheter placement, visceral arteriography, hepatic chemoembolization, tunneled catheter placement, inferior vena cava filter placement, vascular embolization, transjugular liver biopsy, adrenal vein sampling, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation, and biliary drainage between June 12, 2014, and April 26, 2018, using integrated dosimetry software. In all, 4,784 procedures were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacr.2018.06.004DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Refractory Hepatic Hydrothorax: A Rare Complication of Systemic Sclerosis and Presinusoidal Portal Hypertension.

Case Reports Hepatol 2018 30;2018:2704949. Epub 2018 Apr 30.

Department of Pathology, Greenville Health System, University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville, Greenville, SC, USA.

We report on a rare case of refractory hepatic hydrothorax in an individual with Scleroderma/CREST syndrome and noncirrhotic portal hypertension. Portal pressure measurements revealed a normal transjugular hepatic venous portal pressure gradient, mild pulmonary hypertension, and an unremarkable liver biopsy except for mild sinusoidal dilation. Pulmonary hypertension, cardiac diastolic dysfunction, and chronic kidney disease were determined to be the causes of his refractory pleural effusions and ascites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2704949DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5952433PMC
April 2018
9 Reads

Acute-on-chronic liver failure 2018: a need for (urgent) liver biopsy?

Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Jun 14;12(6):565-573. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

u Institute of Liver Studies , King's College Hospital and King's College , London , England.

Introduction: 'Acute-on-Chronic-Liver Failure (ACLF)' entered hepatology practice by the end of the 20th century. Although we lack precise and universally agreed definitions, acute decompensation of chronic liver disease with jaundice and deranged clotting, multi-organ failure and high, short-term mortality are hallmarks of the syndrome. Timely recognition and and treatment, including urgent liver transplantation, may save the life of certain patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17474124.2018.1481388DOI Listing
June 2018
49 Reads

Adjustable diameter TIPS in the pediatric patient: the constrained technique.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2018 May-Jun;24(3):166-168

Department of Radiology, Section of Interventional Radiology, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington School of Medicine, Washington, USA.

Placement of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is necessary in children with portal hypertension complicated by variceal bleeding or ascites. However, placement of adult-sized endografts may be problematic due to the smaller anatomy of pediatric patients. On the other hand, placement of fixed diameter smaller stents have the corresponding problem of not accommodating future growth of the child. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/dir.2018.17447DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5951206PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Hepatic manifestations of telomere biology disorders.

J Hepatol 2018 Sep 7;69(3):736-743. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Mayo Clinic Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address:

A 51-year-old Caucasian male was referred for evaluation of variceal bleeding. Laboratory tests were remarkable for mild thrombocytopenia and moderate alkaline phosphatase elevation. Synthetic liver function was well preserved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhep.2018.05.006DOI Listing
September 2018
48 Reads

Transjugular diagnostics in acute liver failure including measurements of hepatocentral venous biomarker gradients.

Hepatol Res 2018 Oct 5;48(11):914-925. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical School, Germany.

Aim: Acute liver failure (ALF) is a syndrome of severe liver injury that may need urgent liver transplantation and is associated with significant risk of death. Early outcome prediction and further possibilities to increase accuracy of prognosis scores are important.

Methods: We examined 30 patients with ALF, according to the novel criteria of the Intractable Hepato-Biliary Diseases Study Group, who underwent transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) and investigated the relevance of histology for correct diagnosis and etiology. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/hepr.13185
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hepr.13185DOI Listing
October 2018
29 Reads

Successful Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt with Embolization Subsequent to Endoscopic Variceal Band Ligation for Bleeding Anorectal Varices.

Korean J Gastroenterol 2018 04;71(4):234-238

Department of Radiology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

Anorectal variceal bleeding is a rare occurrence; however, in such event, it could be fatal due to large size and high blood flow rate of varices. However, to date, there is no standardized treatment modality. Although endoscopic treatment can be provided, in cases of recurrent anorectal variceal bleeding, other therapeutic modalities for hemostasis are necessary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4166/kjg.2018.71.4.234DOI Listing
April 2018
55 Reads

Transfusion-Associated Circulatory Overload as a Result of Plasma Transfusion to Correct International Normalized Ratio Before an Invasive Procedure: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2018 Jul;11(2):49-51

From the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Transfusion Medicine University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York.

Plasma transfusion is commonly used to correct elevated international normalized ratio (INR) before invasive procedures. A 54-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain. Workup revealed Streptococcus pneumoniae peritonitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/XAA.0000000000000735DOI Listing
July 2018
41 Reads

HCFC-123-induced toxic hepatitis and death at a Korean fire extinguisher manufacturing facility: a case series.

Ann Occup Environ Med 2018 28;30:20. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

2Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 478, Munemi-ro, Bupyeong-gu, Incheon, 21417 Republic of Korea.

Background: Exposure to sustained high concentrations of HCFC-123 is known to be hepatotoxic. We report two simultaneous cases of toxic hepatitis related to exposure to 2,2-dichloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123), a common refrigerant, at a Korean fire extinguisher manufacturing facility.

Case Presentation: Patients A and B were men aged 21 and 22 years, respectively, with no notable medical histories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40557-018-0231-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5872401PMC
March 2018
12 Reads

Combined Fluoroscopy and Ultrasound-Guided Transjugular Kidney Biopsy in Cirrhotic Patients.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2018 05 22;29(5):696-703. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

Department of Hepatology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, D-1, VasantKunj, New Delhi, India.

Purpose: To evaluate the safety and diagnostic yield of combined fluoroscopy and ultrasound-guided transjugular kidney biopsy (TJKB) in cirrhotic patients with suspected renal parenchymal disease.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review was made of 27 patients (21 men; overall mean age 44.7 y) who underwent TJKB from June 2013 to June 2016; 21 patients had coagulopathy and/or thrombocytopenia, 4 underwent simultaneous TJKB with transjugular liver biopsy, and 1 patient each had severe obesity and gross ascites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvir.2017.11.029DOI Listing
May 2018
8 Reads

Comparison of Transjugular Liver Biopsy and Percutaneous Liver Biopsy With Tract Embolization in Pediatric Patients.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Aug;67(2):180-184

Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, CA.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to compare safety and efficacy of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) and percutaneous liver biopsy (PLB) with tract embolization in pediatric patients with liver disease.

Materials And Methods: TJLB and PLB between December 2009 and October 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Primary endpoints were adequate sampling and complication rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000001951DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads

Collagen proportionate area correlates to hepatic venous pressure gradient in non-abstinent cirrhotic patients with alcoholic liver disease.

World J Hepatol 2018 Jan;10(1):73-81

Department of Medical Specialties, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Geneva 1205, Switzerland.

Aim: To explore the relationship between collagen proportionate area (CPA) and portal hypertension-related clinical manifestations in alcoholic liver disease (ALD).

Methods: Retrospective study with chart review of patients with ALD adressed to our center between January 2012 and December 2013 for a transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) and hepatic hemodynamic study. Patients were included if they met the following criteria: (1) Medical indication for a liver biopsy in the setting of ALD; (2) recent (< 15 d) clinical, radiological, endoscopic and biological data available; and (3) estimated follow-up of at least 6 mo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4254/wjh.v10.i1.73DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5787686PMC
January 2018
4 Reads

Transjugular liver biopsy after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) or direct intrahepatic portocaval shunt (DIPS): Is it feasible, effective, and safe?

Diagn Interv Imaging 2018 May 1;99(5):331-335. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

University of California San Diego, Department of Radiology, 200W Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92103 USA.

Purpose: To evaluate our experience with transjugular liver biopsies (TJLB) in patients with previously placed transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) or direct intrahepatic portocaval shunt (DIPS).

Material And Methods: A single-institution retrospective review was performed looking at all TJLBs in patients with previously placed TIPS or DIPS over the past seven years. There were six men and one woman (mean age 57. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22115684183000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diii.2017.12.012DOI Listing
May 2018
8 Reads

Late-Onset Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease after Allografting: Report of Two Cases with Atypical Clinical Features Successfully Treated with Defibrotide.

Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis 2018 1;10(1):e2018001. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

A.O.U. Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Dipartimento di Oncologia, SSD Trapianto allogenico di cellule staminali, Torino, Italy.

Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease (VOD) is a potentially severe complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Here we report two patients receiving an allogeneic HSCT who developed late onset VOD with atypical clinical features. The two patients presented with only few risk factors, namely, advanced acute leukemia, a myeloablative busulphan-containing regimen and received grafts from an unrelated donor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4084/MJHID.2018.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5760078PMC
January 2018
23 Reads

Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt in Patients with Portal Hypertension: Patency Depends on Coverage and Interventionalist's Experience.

Dig Dis 2018 9;36(3):218-227. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

Background And Aims: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is the treatment of choice in decompensated portal hypertension. TIPS revision due to thrombosis or stenosis increases morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to investigate patient- and procedure-associated risk factors for TIPS-revision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000486030DOI Listing
May 2018
13 Reads

An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor in the transplanted liver displaying quick wash-in and wash-out on contrast-enhanced ultrasound: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(49):e9024

aDepartment of Ultrasound MedicinebDepartment of Pathological Diagnosis, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.

Rationale: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm, and its presence in a grafted liver is exceedingly rare.

Patient Concerns: A 54-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a half-month history of intermittent melena. She had undergone deceased-donor liver transplantation (LT) for hepatitis B virus related liver cirrhosis without hepatocellular carcinoma 5 months previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000009024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5728902PMC
December 2017
13 Reads

Current management of refractory ascites in patients with cirrhosis.

J Int Med Res 2018 Mar 6;46(3):1138-1145. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Liver cirrhosis is a health problem worldwide, and ascites is its principal symptom. Refractory ascites is intractable and occurs in 5%-10% of all patients with ascites due to cirrhosis. Refractory ascites leads to a poor quality of life and high mortality rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060517735231DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5972247PMC
March 2018
11 Reads

Portal vein thrombosis before and after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement: An observational study (STROBE compliant).

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Nov;96(45):e8498

aGastroenterology Department II or Hepatology Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University bPublic Health Institute of Kunming Medical University, Kunming City, Yunnan Province, China.

Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is common in patients with cirrhosis undergoing transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). This study had 3-fold aims: to assess risk factors for PVT; to determine the efficacy of anticoagulant therapy; to investigate the impact of PVT on clinical outcomes in TIPS-treated cirrhosis.Between June 2012 and February 2016, 126 TIPS-treated patients with cirrhosis were enrolled and studied prospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000008498DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5690736PMC
November 2017
14 Reads

Advances and challenges in cirrhosis and portal hypertension.

BMC Med 2017 11 10;15(1):200. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Swiss Liver Center, Hepatology, University Clinic for Visceral Surgery and Medicine (UVCM), Inselspital, University of Bern, MEM F807, Murtenstrasse 35, CH, 3010, Berne, Switzerland.

Background: Liver cirrhosis is the fourth cause of death in adults in Western countries, with complications of portal hypertension being responsible for most casualties. In order to reduce mortality, development of accurate diagnostic methods for early diagnosis, effective etiologic treatment, improved pharmacological therapy for portal hypertension, and effective therapies for end-stage liver failure are required.

Discussion: Early detection of cirrhosis and portal hypertension is now possible using simple non-invasive methods, leading to the advancement of individualized risk stratification in clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12916-017-0966-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5680752PMC
November 2017
8 Reads

[Feasibility and significance of transjugular liver biopsy in diagnosis and treatment of complicated and severe liver diseases: a single-center analysis of 5 cases].

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2017 Oct;25(10):772-774

Liver Failure Treatment and Research Center, 302 Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100039, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1007-3418.2017.10.011DOI Listing
October 2017
1 Read

Increase in liver stiffness after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt is associated with inflammation and predicts mortality.

Hepatology 2018 04 20;67(4):1472-1484. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

Department of Internal Medicine I, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) efficiently treats complications of portal hypertension. Liver and spleen stiffness might predict clinically significant portal hypertension. This prospective study investigated liver stiffness in patients receiving TIPS regardless of indication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.29612DOI Listing
April 2018
35 Reads

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt treatment of variceal bleeding in an unselected patient population.

Scand J Gastroenterol 2018 Jan 9;53(1):70-75. Epub 2017 Oct 9.

a Department of Radiology, Institution of Surgical Science, Uppsala University Hospital , Uppsala , Sweden.

Objective: To evaluate transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in variceal bleeding in a clinical setting.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective review of 131 patients (116 with liver cirrhosis) treated with TIPS with covered stent grafts in a single centre from 2002 to 2016.

Results: Survival at 1 and 2 years was 70% and 57% in patents with, and 100% at 2 years in patients without liver cirrhosis, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00365521.2017.1386795DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Budd-Chiari Syndrome.

Prague Med Rep 2017;118(2-3):69-80

Department of Radiology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare disease with an incidence of 0.1 to 10 per million inhabitants a year caused by impaired venous outflow from the liver mostly at the level of hepatic veins and inferior vena cava. Etiological factors include hypercoagulable conditions, myeloprolipherative diseases, anatomical variability of the inferior vena cava, and environmental conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14712/23362936.2017.6DOI Listing
February 2018
27 Reads