10,478 results match your criteria Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation


Review article: Paramedic pain management of femur fractures in the prehospital setting: A systematic review.

Emerg Med Australas 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Paramedicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Femur shaft and neck of femur (NOF) fractures are often undertreated in the prehospital setting. These injuries can present unique clinical and logistical concerns in the prehospital setting. This systematic review aimed to investigate paramedic prehospital pain management of patients who had suffered NOF or femur fractures, and to investigate which interventions are effective. Read More

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Postoperative Rehabilitation of Rotator Cuff Repair: A Systematic Review.

Sports Med Arthrosc Rev 2021 Jun;29(2):119-129

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, MedStar Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, MD.

Rotator cuff tears are the most common cause of shoulder disability and can cause significant pain and dysfunction. This systematic review summarizes the latest research on rehabilitation following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they pertained to postoperative rehabilitation following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and were published between 2003 and 2019 with a level of evidence of 1 or 2. Read More

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Comparison of Transcutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation (TTNS) Protocols for Women with Refractory Overactive Bladder (OAB): a Prospective Randomized Trial.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 May 9:e14342. Epub 2021 May 9.

Kütahya SBÜ Faculty of Medicine Department of Urology, Kutahya, Turkey.

Objectives: Transcutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation (TTNS) is a non-invasive method used in OAB treatment. Purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of the TTNS procedure applied once a week and three times a week in women diagnosed with wet type refractory OAB.

Methods: A total of 60 patients diagnosed with wet type OAB that was refractory to medical treatment were included in the study. Read More

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Feasibility of Spinal Cord Stimulation in Patients With Refractory Angina Pectoris and a Cardiac Implanted Electronic Device.

Neuromodulation 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Cardiology, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Five to 10% of patients with stable coronary artery disease have refractory angina pectoris (RAP). These patients are restricted in performing daily activities due to angina pectoris. Spinal cord stimulation is a last resort treatment option. Read More

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Portable Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Therapy at Different Frequencies in the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis: A Quasi-Experimental Study.

J Orthop Case Rep 2020 May-Jun;10(3):108-113

Department of Orthopaedics, International Islamic University Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah, 25200 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.

Introduction: The prevalence of knee osteoarthritis is on the raise. This raise has been a huge financial burden to developed countries in treating the disease. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a cost-effective, easily available, and self-applicable mode of non-pharmacological pain relieve technique. Read More

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Pain Assessment Tool With Electrodermal Activity for Postoperative Patients: Method Validation Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 May 5;9(5):e25258. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States.

Background: Accurate, objective pain assessment is required in the health care domain and clinical settings for appropriate pain management. Automated, objective pain detection from physiological data in patients provides valuable information to hospital staff and caregivers to better manage pain, particularly for patients who are unable to self-report. Galvanic skin response (GSR) is one of the physiologic signals that refers to the changes in sweat gland activity, which can identify features of emotional states and anxiety induced by varying pain levels. Read More

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Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment approaches to chronic lumbar back pain.

Turk J Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Mar 4;67(1):1-10. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Istanbul University Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Low back pain is a common and important cause of disability. Chronic pain increases disability and cost. In this review, we discuss pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment approaches for chronic low back pain in the light of current data and guidelines. Read More

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Long-Term Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation as a Treatment for Ocular Pain.

Neuromodulation 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Surgical and Research Services, Miami Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Miami, Florida, USA.

Objectives: Ocular pain symptoms (e.g., hypersensitivity to light and wind, "burning" sensations) can be debilitating and difficult to treat. Read More

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A new approach of inducing proprioceptive illusion by transcutaneous electrical stimulation.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2021 May 3;18(1):73. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA.

Background: Neurotraumas or neurodegenerative diseases often result in proprioceptive deficits, which makes it challenging for the nervous system to adapt to the compromised sensorimotor conditions. Also, in human machine interactions, such as prosthesis control and teleoperation, proprioceptive mismatch limits accuracy and intuitiveness of controlling active joints in robotic agents. To address these proprioceptive deficits, several invasive and non-invasive approaches like vibration, electrical nerve stimulation, and skin stretch have been introduced. Read More

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Immediate effects of TENS and HVPS on pain and range of motion in subacromial pain syndrome: A randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Muğla, Turkey.

Background: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is one of the most common methods for managing shoulder pain, and high voltage pulsed currents (HVPS) may be used for reducing pain. However, their immediate effects on resting pain and pain-free active range of shoulder motion (pfROM) in patients with subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS) have not been studied comparatively, yet.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the immediate effects of TENS, HVPS and placebo stimulation on shoulder resting pain and pfROM in patients with SAPS. Read More

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[Effect characteristics and mechanism of acupuncture in autonomic nerve regulation].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2021 Apr;46(4):335-41

Key Laboratory of Acupuncture and Medicine Research of Ministry of Education; School of Acupuncture and Tuina, School of Regimen and Rehabilitation, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China.

Objective: To investigate the effect characteristics and mechanism of acupuncture in autonomic nerve regulation through a comprehensive literature analysis.

Methods: CNKI and PubMed databases were searched for the studies on acupuncture in autonomic nerve regulation in the past 30 years, and Excel was used to perform a descriptive analysis of research subjects, intervention methods, intervention sites (acupoint selection), intervention parameters, and effect mechanism of acupuncture.

Results: A total of 202 studies were included, among which there were 51 clinical studies, mostly on the nervous system and the circulatory system; Neiguan (PC6), Zusanli (ST36), Fengchi (GB20), and Hegu (LI4) were the most frequently used acupoints, manual acupuncture was the most common intervention method, most of the acupoints selected were in the extremities, head, face, and neck, and heart rate variability was the main parameter for evaluation. Read More

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[Effect of electroacupuncture at Zusanli (ST36) and Zhongwan (CV12) on intestinal nutritional feeding intolerance in patients with severe acute pancreatitis].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2021 Apr;46(4):312-7

Department of Emergency, Hebei Cangzhou Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Cangzhou 061000, Hebei Province, China.

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) of Zusanli(ST36) and Zhongwan (CV12) on intestinal nutritional feeding intolerance in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).

Methods: A total of 68 SAP patients (hospitalized from January of 2018 to December of 2019 in Cangzhou Hospital of Integrated Medicine) were randomly divided into control and EA groups (=34 cases in each group). All patients of the two groups received the same early enteral nutrition treatment through nasojejunal tube. Read More

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[Cathepsin-B involved in effect of electroacupuncture by inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome in rats with acute gouty arthritis].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2021 Apr;46(4):295-300

College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016,China.

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on Cathepsin-B in the synovium of the knee joint of acute gouty arthritis(AGA) rats, so as to explore the mechanism of EA in the treatment of AGA.

Methods: A total of 60 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control,model, medication and EA groups, with 15 rats in each group. Rat model of AGA was established by injection of 0. Read More

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[Effect of electroacupuncture on the hemorheology and hepatic microcirculation in mice with chronic alcoholic liver injury].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2021 Apr;46(4):289-94

Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China.

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the hemorheology and hepatic microcirculation in mice with chronic alcoholic liver injury (cALI), so as to explore the microcirculation mechanism of EA underlying regulating liver function in cALI mice.

Methods: Forty Kunming mice were randomly assigned to control, model, acupoint EA and non-acupoint EA groups, with 10 mice in each group. The cALI model was established by gavage with 50% ethanol (15 mL/kg,2 times per day with 8 hours' interval) for 28 d. Read More

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[Involvement of Pirt /TRPV1 signaling in acupuncture-induced reduction of visceral hypersensitivity in diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome rats].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2021 Apr;46(4):278-83

School of Acupuncture-moxibustion and Tuina, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 610075, China.

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the expression of Pirt (a regulator of TRPV1) in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1, a molecular sensor of noxious heat and capsaicin) in the colonic mucosa in rats suffering from diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D), so as to explore its mechanisms underlying alleviation of visceral hypersensitivity of IBS-D.

Methods: Forty SD rats (half male and half female) were randomly assigned to control, model, EA, and medication groups by lottery, with 10 rats in each group. The IBS-D model was established by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) and gavage of senna soaking fluid. Read More

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[Effect of electroacupuncture on the expression of autophagy related protein in lung tissue of rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2021 Apr;46(4):266-71

Department of Physiology, College of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Ministry of Education, Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230038, China; Institute of Acupuncture and Meridian, College of Acupuncture-moxibustion and Massage, Ministry of Education, Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230038, China.

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Zusanli" (ST36) and "Feishu" (BL13) on the expression of autophagy related proteins in the lung tissue of rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), so as to explore the mechanism of EA underlying improvement of COPD.

Methods: Thirty male SD rats were randomly divided into normal, model and EA groups (=10 in each group). The COPD model was established by intratracheal infusion of Lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 mg/kg) and exposure in cigarette smoke. Read More

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[Influence of electroacupuncture on locomotor function and expression of spinal HMGB1 and TLR4 in mice with spinal cord injury].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2021 Apr;46(4):259-65

College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China.

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture(EA)on locomotor activity and the expression of high-mobility group box-1(HMGB1) and Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4) in mice with spinal cord injury(SCI), so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of SCI at the acute stage.

Methods: Forty-eight female C57BL/6 mice were equally randomized into 3 groups: sham operation, model and EA. The SCI model was established by clamping the spinal cord with a serrefine after laminectomy at the 1st lumbar vertebra(L1). Read More

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Resolving Long-Standing Uncertainty about the Clinical Efficacy of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) to Relieve Pain: A Comprehensive Review of Factors Influencing Outcome.

Authors:
Mark I Johnson

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Apr 14;57(4). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Centre for Pain Research, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds LS1 3HE, UK.

Pain is managed using a biopsychosocial approach and pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a technique whereby pulsed electrical currents are administered through the intact surface of the skin with the intention of alleviating pain, akin to 'electrically rubbing pain away'. Despite over 50 years of published research, uncertainty about the clinical efficacy of TENS remains. Read More

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[Effect of electroacupuncture on lung dysplasia in rats with intrauterine growth restriction induced by maternal food restriction].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2021 Apr;41(4):405-10

College of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of CM, Beijing 100029, China.

Objective: To investigate the protective effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Zusanli" (ST 36) in pregnant rats on lung dysplasia of newborn rats with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) induced by maternal food restriction.

Methods: Twenty-four female SD rats were randomly divided into a control group, a control+EA group, a model group and a model+EA group, 6 rats in each group. From the 10th day into pregnancy to the time of delivery, the rats in the model group and the model+EA group were given with 50% dietary restriction to prepare IUGR model. Read More

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[Analgesic effect of electroacupuncture on chronic pelvic pain in patients with sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2021 Apr;41(4):395-9

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning University of TCM.

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on chronic pelvic pain in patients with sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease.

Methods: A total of 144 patients with chronic pelvic pain were randomly divided into an observation group (72 cases, 10 cases dropped off) and a control group (72 cases, 9 cases dropped off). The patients in the control group were treated with ibuprofen sustained-release capsules 10 days before menstruation, 0. Read More

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[Research on community promotion and application of single acupoint electroacupuncture therapy for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2021 Apr;41(4):391-4

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of TCM, Shanghai 201203, China.

Objective: To observe the clinical effect of single acupoint [Yaotu (extra)] electroacupuncture (EA) therapy on lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH) and its promotion and application in community medical institutions.

Methods: This research adopted a three-level promotion model, and used multi-center collaboration topics as a platform. A total of 240 patients with LIDH were divided into a group A (top three hospital, 80 cases, 3 cases dropped off), a group B (secondary hospital, 80 cases, 8 cases dropped off), and a group C (community health center, 80 cases, 7 cases dropped off). Read More

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A systematic review of using electrical stimulation to improve clinical outcomes after hip fractures.

Physiother Theory Pract 2021 Apr 23:1-19. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Pain and muscles weakness often delays regaining independent mobility following hip fracture surgery. Electrical stimulation may relieve pain and improve muscle strength and function.

Purpose: To systematically review and evaluate available literature examining the effectiveness of using electrical stimulation to promote clinical outcomes after hip fractures. Read More

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Hypoalgesic Effects of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Combined With Joint Manipulation: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Federal University of São Carlos-UFSCar, São Carlos/São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the hypoalgesic effects of isolated or combined use of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and cervical joint manipulation (JM) in asymptomatic participants.

Methods: One hundred and forty-four healthy participants aged 18 to 30 years old were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups (n = 36 per group): active TENS + active JM, active TENS + placebo JM, placebo TENS + active JM, and placebo TENS + placebo JM. Active or placebo TENS was applied to the dominant forearm. Read More

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Effectiveness of Mobilization of the Talus and Distal Fibula in the Management of Acute Lateral Ankle Sprain.

Phys Ther 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Physiotherapy, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Nursing, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Leioa, Spain.

Objective: Distal fibula mobilization with movement (MWM), with and without a posterior gliding fibular tape, and anteroposterior mobilization of the talus (MOB) are widely used to treat acute lateral ankle sprains. The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term and long-term relative effectiveness of these techniques.

Methods: In this double-blind randomized controlled trial, 45 amateur soccer players with acute (<72 hours) lateral ankle sprain were randomly allocated to 6 sessions (3 per week within the first 2 weeks) of either MWM, MWM with tape (MWMtape), or MOB. Read More

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Smartphone-controlled patch electro-acupuncture versus conventional pain relief during colonoscopy: a randomized controlled trial.

ANZ J Surg 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Colorectal Unit, Department of Surgery, Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Smartphone-controlled patch electro-acupuncture (SCEA) is a novel device which gives the same analgesic effect as with conventional acupuncture. There are no published articles in the English literature on the use of this device as a primary mode of pain relief during colonoscopy. Primary aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy of SCEA as a substitute for pain relief during colonoscopy. Read More

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Management of Refractory Pain After Total Joint Replacement.

Curr Pain Headache Rep 2021 Apr 17;25(6):42. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, NY, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Chronic pain after total joint replacement (TJA), specifically total knee replacement (TKA), is becoming more of a burden on patients, physicians, and the healthcare system as the number of joint replacements performed increases year after year. The management of this type of pain is critical, and therefore, understanding the various modalities physicians can use to help patients with refractory pain after TJA is essential.

Recent Findings: The modalities by which chronic pain can be successfully managed include genicular nerve radioablation therapy (GN-RFA), neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), and peripheral subcutaneous field stimulation (PSFS). Read More

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Comparison of outpatient and inpatient spa therapy in knee osteoarthritis.

Int J Biometeorol 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Medical Faculty, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, 14020, Bolu, Turkey.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition that impacts many people worldwide and involves weight-bearing joints, resulting in chronic pain. In this study, we aimed to compare the effectiveness of inpatient and outpatient physical therapy modalities and spa combination treatments on pain and functional status in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Seventy-four patients diagnosed with primary knee osteoarthritis were included in this study. Read More

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Editorial Comment: Parasacral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in children with overactive bladder: comparison between sessions administered two and three times weekly.

Int Braz J Urol 2021 Jul-Aug;47(4):794-795

Disciplina de Urologia Núcleo Disfunções Miccionais, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - PPC-UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

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Parasacral transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in children with overactive bladder: comparison between sessions administered two and three times weekly.

Int Braz J Urol 2021 Jul-Aug;47(4):787-793

Departamento de Urologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia - UFBA, Salvador, BA, Brasil.

Purpose: This study compares the results achieved following parasacral TENS administered using two different weekly schedules.

Materials And Methods: Children of at least four years of age with a diagnosis of pure overactive bladder were included in this randomized clinical trial and treated with parasacral TENS (2 versus 3 sessions per week). All the participants also underwent standard urotherapy. Read More

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