5,462 results match your criteria Tracheoesophageal Fistula
J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Evelina Children's Hospital, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. Electronic address:
Aim: Infants with oesophageal atresia and distal tracheoesophageal fistula (OA-TOF) occasionally require endotracheal intubation prior to definitive surgery. This creates the risk of preferential ventilation of the fistula leading to gastric distention and subsequent perforation. We aimed to reassess the risk of preoperative positive-pressure ventilation and update recommendations for emergency surgery in this cohort. Read More
J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
Department of pediatric surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Background: VACTERL is a complicated syndrome with an unknown etiology where many studies have failed to identify the cause. In esophageal atresia (EA) roughly 10%-23% also have concurrent anomalies that align with VACTERL disorder. The aim of this study is to investigate if there is a difference regarding localization of the tracheoesophageal fistula between patients with VACTERL and non-VACTERL patients. Read More
Ann Plast Surg 2019 Jan;82(1S Suppl 1):S126-S129
From the Department of Plastic Surgery, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
Background: An iatrogenic tracheoesophageal (TE) fistula is one possible complication after total laryngectomy with flap reconstruction. We used sternocleidomastoid (SCM) rotation flap to close a TE fistula.
Methods And Results: A 69-year-old man with laryngeal cancer underwent total laryngectomy with radial forearm free flap reconstruction. Read More
ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2018 Nov 28;81(1):10-15. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Background/aims: The tracheoesophageal prothesis (TEP) has become the primary modality for laryngeal communication after total laryngectomy due to high success rates, minimal morbidity, and more natural pulmonary driven speech. Fibrosis, kyphosis, and post-radiation contracture may preclude TEP placement through rigid esophagoscopy, and certain patients may not tolerate an in-office awake procedure. For such patients, a technique for flexible esophageal stenting and TEP placement is necessary. Read More
Folia Phoniatr Logop 2018 Nov 22;71(1):1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Special Education and Counselling, Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
Objectives: The present study investigated the articulatory contact pressure during the production of bilabial plosives by esophageal (ES), tracheoesophageal (TE), and laryngeal speakers.
Methods: The peak contact pressure (PCP) during bilabial plosive production of /CVCVCVCVCV/ syllable strings of /p/ and /ph/ was obtained from 10 ES, 10 TE, and 10 laryngeal speakers of Cantonese. PCP values were obtained by using a pressure transduction system (Iowa Oral Performance Instrument) during speech production. Read More
Emerg Med Clin North Am 2019 Feb;37(1):109-119
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 110 South Paca Street, 6th Floor, Suite 200, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.
Tracheostomy is a common procedure for long-term airway management. Although the overall complication rate is greater than 50%, the incidence of serious complications is low. These serious complications can, however, lead to significant morbidity and mortality and it is incumbent on the emergency provider to be prepared to deal with such tracheostomy-related emergencies. Read More
Am Surg 2018 Sep;84(9):e357-e359
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Nov;53(11):847-850
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 201102, China.
To investigate the etiology and clinical characteristics of vocal fold paralysis in children. To provide useful information for diagnosis, management and prognosis in the clinical work. Two hundred and seven children with vocal fold paralysis in Children's Hospital of Fudan University were retrospectively studied, and followed-up. Read More
Isr Med Assoc J 2018 Nov;20(11):687-690
Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Rappaport Children's Hospital, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.
Background: Recurrence of tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is reported in 8-20% patients. Factors that may influence recurrence of fistula beyond the postoperative period are not clear.
Objectives: To evaluate possible factors associated with recurrence of TEF beyond the immediate postoperative period. Read More
Qual Life Res 2018 Nov 11. Epub 2018 Nov 11.
School of Allied Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia.
Purpose: Patients with throat cancer at later stages often undergo total laryngectomy, a procedure that removes the larynx (voice box) and directly impacts the patient's ability to produce natural voice and communication. This narrative review aimed to explore how changes to communication following laryngectomy may impact quality of life (QoL) for patients.
Methods: Literature searches were conducted using CINAHL, MEDLINE and PsychInfo databases for studies published between 2007 and 2018. Read More
Oral Oncol 2018 Nov 12;86:38-47. Epub 2018 Sep 12.
Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, USA. Electronic address:
Despite the development and expansion of non-surgical organ preservation therapy, total laryngectomy continues to be the optimal therapy for far-advanced local disease and the only curative option for radiotherapy failures not amenable to partial laryngeal procedures. Laryngectomy, however, remains a life-altering operation with profound effects on swallowing and speech. In the nearly 150 years since the first total laryngectomy was performed, few ablative aspects have changed, but reconstructive techniques have undergone radical evolution. Read More
Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(45):e12822
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, P. R. of China.
Rationale: Vertebral defect, anal atresia, cardiac defect, tracheoesophageal fistula/esophageal atresia, renal defect, and limb defect (VACTERL) association and Müllerian duct anomalies are rare conditions. We present a rare condition with the co-occurrence of the VACTERL association and Müllerian duct hypoplasia to characterize patients' clinical presentations, outcomes, and treatment.
Patient Concerns: An 11-year-old girl presented to our hospital with severe lower abdominal pain, lower vaginal atresia with enlargement of the upper vagina and a bicornuate uterus with a Y-shaped uterine cavity filled with hematometra on pelvic magnetic resonance imaging. Read More
J Pediatr Surg 2018 Oct 5. Epub 2018 Oct 5.
Center for Surgical Outcomes Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address:
Purpose: Most pediatric surgeons perform <2 esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) repairs annually. We aimed to determine whether higher surgeon and hospital volumes are associated with better outcomes after EA/TEF repair.
Methods: Neonates with a diagnosis and repair of EA/TEF at their index hospital admission in the Pediatric Health Information System from 1/2000 to 9/2015 were included. Read More
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(20):1590-1591
Button batteries are a common emergency in children with esophageal foreign bodies, which need to be removed in time,otherwise serious complications will occur. This article reports a case of esophageal tracheal fistula caused by button cell. It is helpful for differential diagnosis and clinical treatment of esophageal foreign bodies in children caused by button cell. Read More
Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2018 Oct 30;88(3):974. Epub 2018 Oct 30.
University of Padua, Department of Cardiologic, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences.
We report a case of the repair of an acquired benign tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) after prolonged mechanical invasive ventilation. Patient had an unknown double incomplete aortic arch determining a vascular ring above trachea and esophagus. External tracheobronchial compression, caused by the vascular ring, increasing the internal tracheoesophageal walls pressure determined by endotracheal and nasogastric tubes favored an early TEF development. Read More
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 19;115:58-60. Epub 2018 Sep 19.
Pacific Coast Medical Inc, USA.
A 16-month old female was referred to our practice for laryngotracheal reconstruction (LTR) for acquired subglottic stenosis (SGS) diagnosed at 4 weeks of age due to prolonged intubation. She has a history of open thoracic repair of congenital tracheoesophageal fistula that was complicated by a pneumothorax and phrenic nerve paralysis. We performed a variation of an anterior and posterior cricoid split LTR with tracheal stenting in order to avoid risks of pulmonary morbidity from costochondral cartilage harvesting. Read More
J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Oct 26;47(1):65. Epub 2018 Oct 26.
Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Alberta, 1E4 Walter Mackenzie Center, 8440 112 Street, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2B7, Canada.
Background: Accurate localization of parathyroid adenomas is of critical importance in surgical planning for minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. SPECT/CT is considered the investigation of choice but has limitations regarding localization of superior versus inferior adenomas. We proposed a novel method for localization using SPECT/CT by determining the anterior-posterior relationship of the adenoma to a horizontal line in the coronal plane through the tracheoesophageal groove. Read More
J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 19;53(11):2128-2135. Epub 2018 Jun 19.
1(st) Department of Pediatric Surgery, Aghia Sophia Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece; Department of Anatomy, Athens University Medical School, Athens, Greece. Electronic address:
Introduction: The optimal thoracotomy approach for the management of esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) with a right aortic arch (RAA) remains controversial.
Methods: Systematic review of complications and death rates between right- and left-sided repairs, including all studies on EA/TEF and RAA, apart from studies focusing on long-gap EA and thoracoscopic repairs. Review of right- and left-sided surgical anatomy in relation to reported complications. Read More
J Emerg Med 2018 Dec 10;55(6):821-826. Epub 2018 Oct 10.
Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Background: Efficient airway management is paramount in emergency medicine. Our experience teaching tracheal intubation has consistently identified gaps in the understanding of important issues. Here we discuss the importance of the endotracheal tube (ETT) bevel in airway management. Read More
Trauma Case Rep 2018 Oct 26;17:5-8. Epub 2018 Sep 26.
American University of Beirut Medical Center, Department of Surgery, Lebanon.
Tracheo-esophageal fistulae (TEF) due to trauma are rare. We report a case of a delayed TEF caused by a shrapnel from a blast. A 25-year-old male was admitted to the hospital after sustaining a blast injury. Read More
J Pediatr Surg 2018 Sep 29. Epub 2018 Sep 29.
Division of Pediatric Surgery, Akron Children's Hospital, Akron, OH.
Background: Magnetic compression anastomosis (magnamosis) is the process of forming a sutureless anastomosis of the gastrointestinal tract using two magnetic Harrison rings. It has been shown to be effective in stomach, small bowel and colon, but has not been implemented in the esophagus. A pure esophageal atresia porcine model was developed to test the concept. Read More
Case Rep Otolaryngol 2018 13;2018:9369602. Epub 2018 Sep 13.
Department of Head and Neck Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.
Tracheoesophageal prosthesis (TEP) is the most common voice restoration method following total laryngectomy. Prosthesis extrusion and aspiration occurs in 3.9% to 6. Read More
J Pediatr Surg 2018 Sep 9. Epub 2018 Sep 9.
University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada; CHU Sainte-Justine, Montreal, Canada; Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur, Montreal, Canada. Electronic address:
Background: Scoliosis has been reported after repair of esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF). This study aims to investigate the prevalence and natural history of scoliosis and associated congenital vertebral anomalies in patients operated for EATEF.
Methods: A retrospective review of patients operated for EA-TEF with radiological examination for the presence of scoliosis or associated spine congenital anomalies was done on 106 patients (ages 5-19 years). Read More
Respir Investig 2018 Oct 5. Epub 2018 Oct 5.
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Nagoya Medical Center, 4-1-1, Sannomaru, Nagoya, Japan. Electronic address:
Background: Airway stenting is an established procedure for treating airway stenosis and fistulas. The AERO stent (Merit Medical Systems, South Jordan, UT, USA), a relatively new, fully covered, self-expandable metallic stent, was approved in Japan in 2014. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of this stent for malignant airway disorders. Read More
Pediatr Pulmonol 2018 Nov 4;53(11):1517-1524. Epub 2018 Oct 4.
University of Colorado School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Aurora, Colorado.
Objective: To improve understanding of the interrelatedness of airway and esophageal diagnoses by evaluating the yield of procedural and radiographic testing of the gastrointestinal tract in children with airway conditions by their referring diagnoses in a pediatric aerodigestive clinic.
Methods: A retrospective chart review of all 325 patients seen in the aerodigestive program from 2010 to 2013 was performed in a single academic medical center. Demographics and results from esophagogastroduodenoscopies with biopsies (EGD), upper gastrointestinal fluoroscopy studies (UGI), and pH multichannel intraluminal impedance probe (pH-MII) performed within 30 days of the clinic visit were evaluated according to presenting diagnoses. Read More
Cytogenet Genome Res 2018 Oct 5. Epub 2018 Oct 5.
We describe a 5-month-old female who presented with clinical features of 5p deletion syndrome, including high-pitched cry, microcephaly, micrognathia, bilateral preauricular tags, bifid uvula, abnormal palmar creases, bilateral hypoplastic nipples, feeding difficulties, and developmental delay. In addition, the patient also had a cardiac defect, proximal esophageal atresia, and distal tracheoesophageal fistula. aCGH of the patient revealed a 22. Read More
Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2018 Nov;27(4):1434-1444
University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City.
Purpose: Sense of effort and fatigue associated with talking was compared in individuals with and without a total laryngectomy.
Method: An online survey of individuals using tracheoesophageal speech (TES; n = 222), electrolaryngeal speech (ELS; n = 132), esophageal speech (n = 41), and laryngeal speech (LS; n = 112) asked about 3 domains of effort when talking: frequency of occurrence, withdrawal from talking, and location in the body. Three aspects of fatigue were explored: frequency of occurrence, fatigue type, and duration of talking before fatigue. Read More
Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(39):e12411
Department of Pediatrics.
Rationale: The clinical manifestations of VACTERL association include vertebral anomalies, anal atresia, congenital heart diseases, tracheoesophageal fistula, renal dysplasia, and limb abnormalities. The association of intrahepatic anomalies and VACTERL syndrome is a rare coincidence. VACTER syndrome and intrahepatic bile drainage anomalies might be genetically related. Read More
J Pediatr Surg 2018 Sep 9. Epub 2018 Sep 9.
Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address:
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors and long-term outcomes in patients with esophageal atresia +/-tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) with vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) owing to recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury.
Method: A retrospective chart review was performed for EA/TEF patients repaired at our institution from 1999 to 2014 (REB #1000032265).
Results: Of 197 patients, 22 (11. Read More
Am Surg 2018 Sep;84(9):e357-e359
Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.
Service de chirurgie digestive et hépato-biliaire, CHU de Rennes, hôpital Pontchaillou, 35000 Rennes, France.
Anastomotic leakage frequently complicates esophagectomy and can trigger a rare life- threatening complication, a tracheoesophageal fistula. No guideline has yet addressed this complication. Plastic surgeons play a crucial role for salvage surgery. Read More
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Dec 21;127(12):926-930. Epub 2018 Sep 21.
3 Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA.
Introduction:: The aim of this study was to evaluate the current indications for and clinical factors influencing the use of transnasal esophagoscopy (TNE).
Methods:: An online survey was sent to American Broncho-Esophagological Association members, including questions on demographics, indications, and factors influencing the use of TNE.
Results:: Sixty of 251 members (24%) completed the survey. Read More
Scand J Gastroenterol 2018 Aug;53(8):905-909
c Department of Pediatric and Gastrointestinal Surgery , Oslo University Hospital , Oslo , Norway.
Objectives: Food bolus-induced esophageal perforation is much more seldom than iatrogenic and emetic esophageal rupture. We present results from a non-operative treatment approach as well as long-term functional outcome.
Materials And Methods: Medical records of 10 consecutive patients with food bolus-induced esophageal perforation from October 2007 to May 2015 were retrospectively registered in a database. Read More
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2018 May;47(3):266-271
Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, the Affiliated Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210008, China.
Objective: To compare the efficacy of thoracoscopic surgery versus thoracotomy in repairing esophageal atresia type Ⅲ with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) in neonates.
Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in 97 neonates who underwent EA/TEF repair between January 2012 and December 2017 in the Affiliated Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, including 75 patients receiving thoracotomy and 22 patients receiving thoracoscopic surgery. The perioperative data and the incidence of early postoperative complications were compared between two groups. Read More
J Pediatr Surg 2018 Aug 21. Epub 2018 Aug 21.
Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI.
Purpose: Right sided aortic arch (RAA) is a rare anatomic finding in infants with esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). In the presence of RAA, significant controversy exists regarding optimal side for thoracotomy in repair of the EA/TEF. The purpose of this study was to characterize the incidence, demographics, surgical approach, and outcomes of patients with RAA and EA/TEF. Read More
Radiat Oncol 2018 Sep 10;13(1):171. Epub 2018 Sep 10.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital, Fujian Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, 350014, China.
Background: To investigate the treatment failure pattern and factors influencing locoregional recurrence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and examine patient survival with re-irradiation (re-RT) after primary radiotherapy.
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 87 ESCC patients treated initially with radiotherapy. Failure patterns were classified into regional lymph node recurrence only (LN) and primary failure with/without regional lymph node recurrence (PF). Read More
Endoscopy 2018 Dec 10;50(12):1236-1237. Epub 2018 Sep 10.
Cardiac Cath Lab, Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services, IRCCS - ISMETT, Palermo.
J Neurosurg Spine 2018 Sep 7:1-6. Epub 2018 Sep 7.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
OBJECTIVE Surgery for severe congenital defects, such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia, congenital heart defects, and tracheoesophageal disorders, are life-saving treatments for many infants. However, the incidence of scoliosis following thoracoabdominal surgery has been reported to range from 8% to 50%. Little is known about severe scoliosis that occurs after chest wall procedures in infants. Read More
J Pediatr Surg 2018 Aug 4. Epub 2018 Aug 4.
Department of Surgery, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital, Mbarara, Uganda.
Background/purpose: Anorectal malformation (ARM) is a common condition. Owing to scarcity of pediatric surgery services in Uganda, however, relatively little is known about this condition.
Methods: This was a retrospective review of medical records of all patients admitted to Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital (MRRH) from January 2014 to May 2016. Read More
Laryngoscope 2018 Nov 27;128(11):2460-2466. Epub 2018 Aug 27.
Institute of Health and Community, Plymouth University, Devon, United Kingdom.
Objective: To investigate the difference between voice prostheses in terms of voice quality as experienced by patients and as judged by expert raters.
Methods: Subjects had up to six voice prostheses placed in a random order. A voice sample was elicited for each patient on each prosthesis. Read More
J Surg Case Rep 2018 Aug 13;2018(8):rjy187. Epub 2018 Aug 13.
Inova Fairfax Hospital, Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Inova Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, VA.
Tracheoesophageal fistulas (TEF) are pathologic communications between the esophagus and the trachea or bronchi. The development of a TEF can result from malignant or benign etiologies. A common approach for the treatment of TEFs is the placement of endobronchial and esophageal stents to facilitate healing of the communication. Read More
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 2018 Aug;41(8):622-627
Department of Respiratory Disease, Third Hospital of Xiamen, Xiamen 361100, China.
To investigate the clinical characteristics and causes of misdiagnosis of esophageal bronchial fistula secondary to esophageal diverticulum. A case of esophageal bronchial fistula secondary to esophageal diverticulum was described with regard to its diagnosis and treatment process. A systematic literature review was performed for similar published cases in Wanfang, CNKI and Pubmed databases, using the key words "esophageal diverticulum, esophageal bronchial fistula" from January 1946 to August 2017. Read More
VideoGIE 2018 Aug 12;3(8):241-243. Epub 2018 Jun 12.
Department of Gastroenterology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
N Engl J Med 2018 Aug;379(7):e11
University of Connecticut, Farmington, CT.
Saudi Med J 2018 Aug;39(8):787-791
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, College of Medicine, King Saud University Medical City, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.
Objectives: To determine the outcomes of endoscopic dilatation of esophageal strictures in children.
Methods: Children younger than 18 years of age diagnosed with esophageal strictures over a period of 7 years (June 2010 to June 2017) were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively. The study took place at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Read More
Lung 2018 Oct 13;196(5):631-632. Epub 2018 Aug 13.
Department of cardiology, Cardiovascular center, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, 399 Wanyuan Road, Shanghai, 201102, People's Republic of China.
We present a 7.8-month-old girl with recurrent pneumonia, growth retardation, and tachypnea. Computed tomography revealed a particularly unusual esophageal lung, in association with pulmonary vascular anomalies of right pulmonary veins atresia and right pulmonary artery hypoplasia. Read More
Esophagus 2018 Aug 11. Epub 2018 Aug 11.
Department of Anatomy, Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Ciftlikkoy Campus, 33343, Mersin, Turkey.
Background: Complications such as stricture, leakage, recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula and mucosal pouch are commonly seen in myotomy techniques used for long-gap esophageal atresia (LGEA) treatments. Therefore, we think that there is a clear need for other techniques which would enable us to create more robust and longer esophagus in such cases. In this study, we reviewed multiple V-myotomy (VM) technique and the differences of the said technique with Livaditis circular myotomy (LM) and Kimura spiral myotomy (KM) techniques using literature as an aid. Read More
Pediatr Surg Int 2018 Oct 6;34(10):1027-1033. Epub 2018 Aug 6.
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Research Field in Medicine and Health Sciences, Medical and Dental Sciences Area, Research and Education Assembly, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1, Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima, 890-8520, Japan.
Purpose: While the diagnosis and outcomes of esophageal atresia (EA) have improved, associated anomalies, the management of late complications and growth remain major issues. We analyzed factors that affected the prognosis, late complications and growth.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed EA patients treated at two centers from 1984 to 2016. Read More