10,210 results match your criteria Tracheal Tumors


Mature Cervical Teratoma Extending Into the Anterior Mediastinum of an Adult.

Ear Nose Throat J 2020 May 19:145561320925563. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

There have been few reports of mature cystic teratoma, also known as a dermoid cyst, in the head and neck. Cervical neck teratoma extending into the mediastinum is also relatively rare. Here, we report a mature teratoma found in a cervical tumor in a 21-year-old man. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561320925563DOI Listing

Treatment outcomes of patients with tracheobronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma compared with those with adenoid cystic carcinoma.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100021, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Tracheobronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma (TMEC) is an extremely rare salivary gland-type neoplasm. We aimed to explore the clinical characteristics and prognosis of TMEC and to compare them with those of another rare salivary gland-type neoplasm, tracheobronchial adenoid cystic carcinoma (TACC).

Method: We performed a retrospective review of all patients pathologically diagnosed with TMEC between 1965 and 2017 at our institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso.2020.04.020DOI Listing

Identification of Sonographic Features for Predicting Benign Versus Malignant Mediastinal or Hilar Lymph Nodes Using Endobronchial Ultrasound.

Oman Med J 2020 Mar 30;35(2):e112. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Tracheal Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: In countries with a high prevalence of tuberculosis, such as Iran, the differentiation of malignant from non-malignant tumors is crucial. We attempted to find a reliable model in determining malignant nodes by investigating the sonographic characteristics of lymph nodes (LNs).

Methods: In this prospective study, the morphologic characteristics of LNs, including size, shape, vascular pattern, echogenicity, margin, coagulation necrosis sign, calcification, and central hilar structure, which had been obtained during endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration, were compared with the final pathology results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5001/omj.2020.30DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7199125PMC

Primary tracheal synovial sarcoma: a rare clinical entity with diagnostic challenges.

J Egypt Natl Canc Inst 2020 Jan 10;32(1). Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), F 23, Ansari Nagar (West), New Delhi, 110029, India.

Background: The incidence of primary tracheal tumors is very low. Tracheal synovial sarcoma (SS) is even an extremely rare entity. Diagnosis of tracheal SS can be achieved with chromosomal translocation studies along with immunohistochemistry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s43046-019-0014-zDOI Listing
January 2020

Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma of the Trachea in a Child With Symptoms of Bronchial Asthma.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2020 May 1. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Pediatrics, St. Marianna University School of Medicine.

Tracheal tumors are rare in children and manifest symptoms of airway obstruction. A 14-year-old boy with a 5-month history of dyspnea and wheezing was referred to our hospital. Although he had been initially diagnosed with bronchial asthma, computed tomography revealed tracheal tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPH.0000000000001817DOI Listing

Cancer incidence and mortality trends in young adults in Metropolitan Lima young adults, 1990-2012.

Ecancermedicalscience 2020 20;14:1025. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, National Institute of Neoplastic Diseases, Lima, Peru.

Aims: The purpose of this research was to calculate and compare standardised incidence and mortality ratios in young adults, based on the data published by the population-based cancer registry of Metropolitan Lima.

Method: A secondary analysis was carried out on the data published by the population-based cancer registry of Metropolitan Lima in its last five volumes. Calculating the standardised incidence ratio, in accordance with the World Health Organization's standard population, was done using the direct method, and the annual percentage change was calculated using the Joinpoint Regression Program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2020.1025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7176066PMC

Nonintubated uniportal thoracoscopic segmentectomy for lung cancer.

J Formos Med Assoc 2020 Apr 14. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, No.7, Zhongshan S. Rd., Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei City, 100, Taiwan.

Background And Objectives: Uniportal thoracoscopic segmentectomy under intubated general anesthesia with one-lung ventilation has recently been introduced for the management of lung cancer patients with small tumors or compromised cardiopulmonary function. However, uniportal thoracoscopic segmentectomy without endotracheal intubation had rarely been performed. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of this novel technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2020.03.021DOI Listing

Myasthenic crisis and late deep vein thrombosis following thymectomy in a patient with myasthenia gravis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Apr;99(15):e19781

Department of Anesthesiology, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan.

Introduction: Surgical stress and pain are potential provoking factors for postoperative myasthenic crisis (POMC). We report the occurrence of early POMC and late deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in a man with myasthenia gravis (MG) undergoing thymectomy, addressing possible link between reversal of opioid overdose with naloxone and the triggering of POMC.

Patient Concerns: A 71-year-old man with impaired renal function (ie, estimated glomerular filtration rate [egfr]: 49. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019781DOI Listing
April 2020
5.723 Impact Factor

Tracheolaryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma with Extensive Mucosal Spread Without Metastasis in a Female.

Cureus 2020 Mar 9;12(3):e7219. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Internal Medicine, Marshall University, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Huntington, USA.

Tracheal tumors remain one of the most interesting and challenging respiratory tumors. Usually, with the more invasive histologic subtypes, cancer has already invaded surrounding structures at the time of diagnosis. We present an unusual case of primary tracheal squamous cell carcinoma with an extensive mucosal spread at the time of diagnosis without any invasion of surrounding organs or distant metastasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7141800PMC

3D-bioprinted tracheal reconstruction: an overview.

Bioelectron Med 2019 17;5:15. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, The Feinstein Institutes for Medical Research, 350 Community Drive, Manhasset, NY 11030 USA.

Congenital tracheomalacia and tracheal stenosis are commonly seen in premature infants. In adulthood, are typically related with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and can occur secondarily from tracheostomy, prolong intubation, trauma, infection and tumors. Both conditions are life-threatening when not managed properly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s42234-019-0031-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7098220PMC
September 2019

[Investigation and Analysis of Primary Lung Cancer with Endotracheal and Endobronchial Metastases].

Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi 2020 Mar;23(3):162-167

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.

Background: Endotracheal and endobronchial metastases (EEM) is a rare manifestation in primary lung cancer. It has not yet been reported in Chinese literatures. The aim of this study was to summarize and analyze the clinical feature of lung cancer with EEM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3779/j.issn.1009-3419.2020.101.15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7118326PMC

Bronchoscopy-guided intervention therapy with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support for advanced cancer metastasis to the central airway: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Mar;99(11):e19488

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan province, P.R. China.

Introduction: Dyspnea due to tracheal invasion by malignant tumors is a common oncological emergency that is difficult to manage, and a common cause of death among patients with advanced cancer. Bronchoscopy-guided intervention therapy under conventional ventilation is very risky for patients with severe central airway stenosis. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) provides strong cardiopulmonary support, but is rarely used in bronchoscopy-guided interventional therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019488DOI Listing

Therapeutic strategy for tracheal chondrosarcoma: report of two cases.

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2020 Mar 12;90(1). Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, San Raffaele Hospital, Vita Salute San Raffaele University, Milan.

Primary chondrosarcoma of the trachea is an extremely rare tumor. We report two cases of tracheal chondrosarcoma describing the role of surgical and conservative treatment. Endoscopic treatment with rigid bronchoscopy was performed in both patients to restore airway patency and obtain histological specimens for diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2020.1223DOI Listing

[A Case Report on Larynx-Preserving Surgery with Tracheal Resection of an Advanced Esophageal Cancer with Tracheal Invasion].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 Dec;46(13):2530-2532

Dept. of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University.

We present the case of a 69-year-old man who was diagnosed with ascending colon cancer. Preoperative CT revealed 2 advanced esophageal cancers, both at T4; thus, a diagnosis of esophageal cancer(Ut-Ce, cT4b[Tr]N2M0, Stage ⅣA/Mt, cT4b[Lt-Br]N2M0, Stage ⅣA)was made. The patient received chemotherapy(DTX/CDDP/5-FU), and as the second-line treatment, he received chemoradiotherapy(40 Gy with DTX/CDDP/5-FU). Read More

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December 2019

[A Case of Lymph Node Recurrence with Invasion to the Trachea after the Resection of Esophageal Cancer Treated by Multidisciplinary Treatment].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 Dec;46(13):2485-2487

Dept. of Surgery, Suita Municipal Hospital.

A 78-year-old man who underwent esophagectomy for middle thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(pT1bN0M0, pStage Ⅰ)was diagnosed with lymph node recurrence 12 months after the initial surgery. He received chemoradiotherapy(5- fluorouracil plus cisplatin); however, the treatment was terminated at the middle of the treatment course because of progressive disease. He received chemotherapy(docetaxel plus 5-fluorouracil plus cisplatin)as a second-line treatment, which was also canceled due to serious adverse events. Read More

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December 2019

Locally unresectable differentiated thyroid cancer: outcomes and perspectives.

Endocrine 2020 Mar 8. Epub 2020 Mar 8.

Département de Médecine Nucléaire et Cancérologie Endocrinienne, Gustave Roussy, Université Paris-Saclay, F-94805, Villejuif, France.

Purpose: Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients with an unresectable primary tumor cannot benefit from curative surgery, and radioiodine treatment for locoregional and distant disease is not possible with the thyroid gland still in place. Due to local invasion, these patients cannot be included in clinical trials, so that treatment options are limited. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and the prognosis of patients with these locally unresectable DTC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-020-02245-0DOI Listing

Photodynamic therapy for the treatment of tracheobronchial papillomatosis: a multicenter experience.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2020 Mar 4:101711. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

University of California San Diego, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, & Sleep Medicine, La Jolla, CA, United States.

Objective: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) causes mucosal wart-like growths of the upper aerodigestive tract, which can undergo malignant transformation. These tumors are difficult to treat, often requiring repeated debridement, which can be associated with high morbidity. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses a photosensitizing medication and a topically applied light source to treat early stage endobronchial lung cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pdpdt.2020.101711DOI Listing

Bronchial sleeve resection and double-barreled reconstruction for a carcinoid tumor.

Ann Thorac Surg 2020 Feb 27. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Yokohama Municipal Citizen's Hospital.

Sleeve resection and double-barreled reconstruction is very rarely adopted for peripheral bronchial tumors. We used this surgical procedure for a carcinoid tumor in the bifurcation of the left upper and lower lobe bronchi. Bronchoplasty was accomplished by suturing the upper and basal bronchi together and anastomosing them to the left main bronchus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2020.01.032DOI Listing
February 2020

Clinical outcomes of self-expandable metallic stents for malignant obstructive atelectasis.

Sci Rep 2020 Feb 27;10(1):3600. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Department of Interventional Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMSs) have been widely used in the treatment of malignant central airway obstruction. However, few reports focus on the treatment of atelectasis and how to estimate the prior probability of success via SEMSs placement, This current study aimed to study the safety and effectiveness of SEMSs for the treatment of obstructive atelectasis, and the value of preoperative CT enhancement for ventilation of atelectasis via SEMSs placement. A total of 35 patients with obstructive atelectasis (29 male and 6 female) was included from February 2012 to March 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-60566-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7046663PMC
February 2020

Granular cell tumor a study of 42 cases and systemic review of the literature.

Pathol Res Pract 2020 Apr 12;216(4):152865. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Pathology, North Hospital, University Hospital of St-Etienne, France.

Background: Granular cell tumor (GCT) remains a diagnostic clinicopathologic problem because the exact frequency of its detailed morphological and clinical characteristics is unknown as most observations are collected from small series or isolated cases. Herein, our aim is to highlight the frequency of all clinicopathological characteristics of this rare tumor based in our series and the available medical (PubMed) literature.

Material And Methods: 42 cases were evaluated for: tissue layers involved by the tumor (in skin and mucosae), growth pattern, nuclear pleomorphism, mitotic index, necrosis, spindling, calcification, hyalinization, and pustule-ovoid bodies of Milian, as well as perineural and vascular invasion, and the presence of adjacent epithelium changes, and lymphocytes and eosinophils infiltration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prp.2020.152865DOI Listing

[Papillary thyroid carcinoma complicated with tracheal squamous cell carcinoma: a case report].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2020 Feb;55(2):170-171

Department of Head, Neck and Thyroid Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou 450008, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2020.02.018DOI Listing
February 2020

Survival of malignant mesothelioma and other rare thoracic cancers in Germany and the United States: A population-based study.

Int J Cancer 2020 Feb 18. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Aging Research, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.

Evidence on survival of malignant mesothelioma (MM) and other rare thoracic cancers is limited due to the rarity of these cancer sites. Here, we provide a comprehensive overview of MM incidence and survival after MM and other rare thoracic cancers in Germany and the United States (US). Incidence was estimated from a German National Cancer Database and from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) 18 database for 2000-2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.32931DOI Listing
February 2020

Spontaneous breathing anesthesia for cervical tracheal resection and reconstruction.

J Thorac Dis 2019 Dec;11(12):5336-5342

Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510120, China.

Background: Spontaneous breathing anesthesia (SBA) may have advantages over general anesthesia for cervical tracheal resection and reconstruction (TRR), avoiding the difficulties and complication caused by endotracheal intubation and surgical cross-field intubation. This prospective study evaluates SBA for cervical TRR.

Methods: Date was obtained from 35 patients who had cervical TRR under SBA from May 2015 to March 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2019.11.70DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6988036PMC
December 2019

Tracheal Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Presented with Chronic Asthma Diagnosed by Bronchial Washing Cytology.

Case Rep Med 2020 16;2020:6543097. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Department of Pathology, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a tumor that mainly arises from salivary glands and is present rarely in airways with nonspecific symptoms. Diagnosis based on bronchial washing cytology is rarely reported because this tumor is usually lined by normal mucosa. A 35-year-old woman was referred to our center as a case of unresponsive asthma and hemoptysis for the past year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6543097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6988659PMC
January 2020

The transmanubrial osteomuscular-sparing approach: a valuable adjunct to the head and neck surgical armamentarium.

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Apr;28(2):61-67

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Maxillofacial and Thyroid Surgery, Fondazione IRCCS, National Cancer Institute of Milan.

Purpose Of Review: To describe and popularize the transmanubrial osteomuscular-sparing approach (TOSA) outside its original thoracic surgical field of application, based on the consideration that it could be of interest for the management of a number of head and neck cases in both elective and emergent scenarios.

Recent Findings: The main advantages of TOSA compared with transclavicular techniques are its superb exposure of anatomic structures located at the level of the cervicothoracic junction, and superior postoperative aesthetic and functional outcomes. Recently, a number of studies have described the association of TOSA with other minimally invasive approaches, such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and robotic hybrid approaches, with the aim of avoiding association of the transmanubrial route with anterior/posterior thoracotomies, or more extended surgeries, such as the trapdoor or hemiclamshell procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000605DOI Listing

[Analysis of sugammadex for antagonistic neuromuscular block in patients with radical resection of lung cancer under thoracoscope].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Jan;100(3):213-219

Department of Anesthesiology and perioperative medicine, Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450003,China.

To investigate the efficacy and safety of sugammadex for antagonistic neuromuscular block in patients with radical resection of lung cancer under thoracoscope. One hundred patients undergoing radical resection of lung cancer under thoracoscope in Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from March to September in 2019, were randomly divided into control group (group C) and sugammadex group (group S). All patients were anaesthetized (induced and maintained) with intravenous target-controlled infusion of propofol and remifentanil, and intermittent intravenous injection of the neuromuscular block of rocuronium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2020.03.011DOI Listing
January 2020

Laryngotracheobronchial papillomatosis: an uncommon cause of recurrent respiratory infection.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2020;53:e20190441. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Radiologia, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0441-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7083344PMC

[Surgery of tracheobronchial carcinoid tumours: Activity report].

Rev Mal Respir 2020 Feb 21;37(2):117-122. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Service de chirurgie thoracique, CHU Hassan II, route de Sidi-Harazem, BP 1893, Km 2,200, 30000 Fès Maroc; Faculté de médecine et de pharmacie, université Sidi-Mohamed-Ben-Abdellah, Fès, Maroc.

Introduction: Our purpose is to evaluate our results of surgery for tracheobronchial carcinoid tumour as well as the long-term survival.

Methods: This is a retrospective and descriptive study performed in the department of thoracic surgery of CHU Hassan II (Marocco) over a period of 9 years. It concerns all patients with a tracheal or bronchial carcinoid tumour who underwent surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmr.2019.08.007DOI Listing
February 2020

Endoscopic Preoperative Assessment, Classification of Stenosis, Decision-Making.

Front Pediatr 2019 8;7:532. Epub 2020 Jan 8.

IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy.

Pediatric Laryngo-Tracheal Stenosis (LTS) comprises different conditions that require precise preoperative assessment and classification. According to the guidelines, the optimal diagnostic work-up of LTS patients relies both on a comprehensive anamnesis and on endoscopic and radiological assessments. All the causes of LTS result in an impairment in airflow, mucociliary clearance, phonation, and sometimes in swallowing disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2019.00532DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6960172PMC
January 2020

Familial pneumothoraces - Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome. Differentiation with other cystic lung diseases.

Pol J Radiol 2019 28;84:e424-e429. Epub 2019 Oct 28.

3 Department of Lung Diseases, National Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland.

Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHDS) is a rare, genetic, autosomal dominant disease caused by mutation in a folliculin gene. This syndrome is characterised by three main symptoms: benign lesions originating from hair follicles, variously shaped cysts in the lungs, and various types of benign and malignant kidney neoplasms. In our article we are going to present cases of two sisters with BHDS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/pjr.2019.89964DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6964329PMC
October 2019

Proposing an Endotracheal Tube Selection Tool Based on Multivariate Analysis of Airway Imaging.

Ear Nose Throat J 2020 Jan 8:145561319900390. Epub 2020 Jan 8.

Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery Department, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: We aimed to comprehensively investigate different upper airway segments in adults, determine the predictors of the size of each segment, and identify an appropriate endotracheal tube (ETT) size chart.

Study Design: Retrospective chart review.

Setting: Tertiary care center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319900390DOI Listing
January 2020

[Effects of dexmedetomidine on injury of lungs and CHOP protein expression in elderly patients with lung cancer during one-lung ventilation].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Jan;100(1):37-41

Department of Anesthesiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450014, China.

To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on lung injury and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) expression in elderly patients with lung cancer undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy. A total of 120 elderly patients with lung cancer who underwent elective thoracoscopic lobectomy were selected from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2018 to March 2019. The random phenotype was divided into dexmedetomidine group (group D, 60) and control group (group C, 60). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2020.01.009DOI Listing
January 2020

Primary malignant lung tumors in children: A report from the Australian Childhood Cancer Registry, 1983-2015.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2020 Mar 7;55(3):719-722. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Cancer Council Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Lung cancers in children under the age of 15 are very uncommon, with a scarcity of literature describing patient characteristics and survival. This study assessed first primary malignant cancers occurring in the trachea, bronchus, or lung (International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, 3rd edition [ICD-O-3] codes C33-C34) for the period 1983-2015, using data from the population-based Australian Childhood Cancer Registry. Variables of interest included morphology, sex, age group, and metastatic status at diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24636DOI Listing

Surgical Management of an Intrathoracic Branchial Cyst in a Yellow-crested Cockatoo ().

J Avian Med Surg 2019 Sep;33(3):289-295

Zoo/Exotic Pathology Service, Carmichael, CA 95608, USA.

A 40-year-old, female lesser crested cockatoo () was presented with a complaint of hyporexia and sudden onset of sneezing and wheezing. Physical examination revealed mild stertorous inhalation, and the apex of the heart was palpable caudoventral to the distal tip of the sternum. Projection radiographic images showed a soft tissue mass displacing the heart and the thoracic portion of the trachea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1647/2018-368DOI Listing
September 2019

[TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF METASTASIS TO THE PRE- AND PARATRACHEAL LYMPH NODES IN CANCER OF THE LARYNX WITH SPREAD TO THE SUBGLOTTIC SECTION].

Georgian Med News 2019 Nov(296):12-15

Oncological Research Center of Georgia; Tbilisi Satate Medical Universtity, Institute of Medical Biotechnology, Georgia.

Based on the specificity of the subglottic cancer, the basic method of treatment is surgical, because many years of experience have shown the ineffectiveness of chemotherapy and the low effectiveness of radiation therapy. We have developed and introduced in practice the method of extended-combined laryngectomy is effective not only in terms of treating the underlying disease, but also for preventive purposes, reducing the risk of metastases in pre- and paratracheal lymphatic zones. The method of extended-combined laryngectomy includes mobilization of the larynx and its removal at level V or VI of the tracheal rings, lymph node dissection at level VI, both on the affected side and prophylactically from the opposite side, as well as removal of either the thyroid gland on the side of the lesion subglottic cancer, or at its circulatory location total removal of the gland. Read More

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November 2019

[Chimeric perforator flap based on the descending branch of lateral circumflex femoral artery for tongue reconstruction after advanced tongue cancer resection].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Dec;54(12):907-911

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sichuan Cancer Hospital, Sichuan Institute of Cancer Research, Sichuan Cancer Center, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610041, China.

To explore the advantages and clinical efficacy of free chimeric perforator flap based on the descending branch of circumflex femoral artery applied to tongue reconstruction after advanced tongue cancer resection. From October 2013 to December 2018, 57 cases received tongue and oral base reconstruction surgeries using the descending branch of circumflex femoral artery chimeric perforator flap, including 39 males and 18 females, ranged from 20 to 76 years old. And all cases were with stage T3 and T4 tongue cancers, including 35 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 7 cases of low differentiation cancer, 5 cases of oncosarcoma, and 10 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2019.12.005DOI Listing
December 2019

Comparison Between Mathematical and Software Calculation Methods for the Measurement of the Cross-sectional Area in Upper Airway Imaging.

Cureus 2019 Nov 8;11(11):e6106. Epub 2019 Nov 8.

Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery Department, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, SAU.

Objectives This study aimed to compare the results of a software calculation method (SCM) and the mathematical calculation method (MCM) in measuring the cross-sectional area (CSA) at four different upper airway segments. Methods The data from the retrospective chart reviews of patients older than 18 years who had undergone computed tomography (CT) of the neck at our tertiary care center between September 2014 and September 2018 were reviewed. Data of patients who were intubated, tracheostomized, had nasogastric tubes, tumors, craniofacial anomalies, trauma, or any pathology that may affect the normal airway anatomy were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.6106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6901374PMC
November 2019

Feasibility study of navigated endoscopy for the placement of high dose rate brachytherapy applicators in the esophagus and lung.

Med Phys 2020 Mar 28;47(3):917-926. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, M5T 1P5, Canada.

Purpose: To evaluate the electromagnetic (EM) tracking of endoscopes and applicators as a method of positioning a high dose rate (HDR) luminal applicator.

Method: An anatomical phantom consisting of a rigid trachea and flexible esophagus was used to compare applicator placement measurements using EM tracking vs the traditional method using two-dimensional (2D) fluoroscopy and surface skin markers. The phantom included a tumor in the esophagus and several pairs of optically visible points inside the lumen that were used to simulate proximal and distal ends of tumors of varying lengths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mp.13997DOI Listing

[Successful Treatment of a Mechanically Ventilated Patient with an Oncological Emergency Caused by Recurrence of Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 Dec;46(12):1895-1897

Dept. of General Thoracic Surgery, Japanese Red Cross Maebashi Hospital.

We successfully treated a mechanically ventilated patient with severe respiratory failure caused by airway stenosis; she recovered after radiotherapy and gefitinib administration. A 68-year-old female with a pulmonary adenocarcinoma underwent a radical operation(right middle-lower sleeve lobectomy and lymph node dissection). Forty-four months later, she was admitted to our hospital with severe dyspnea, and was placed on mechanical ventilation after tracheal intubation. Read More

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December 2019

18F-FDG PET/CT of Benign Tracheal Glomus Tumor.

Clin Nucl Med 2020 Feb;45(2):141-142

From the Department of PET Center, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences.

Glomus tumors are tumors that arise from the glomus bodies, which can be found in sites of arteriovenous anastomosis. Glomus tumors can occur in all parts of the body but rarely occur in the trachea. The PET/CT findings of these tumors are similar to those of malignant tracheal tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000002897DOI Listing
February 2020

Intratracheal Delivery of Nano- and Microparticles and Hyperpolarized Gases: A Promising Strategy for the Imaging and Treatment of Respiratory Disease.

Chest 2019 Dec 20. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

NHC and CAMS Key Laboratory of Molecular Probe and Targeted Theranostics, Harbin Medical University, Heilongjiang, China; Molecular Imaging Research Center, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China; TOF-PET/CT/MR Center, Fourth Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China. Electronic address:

Accurate diagnosis is crucial to improve the treatment and prognosis of respiratory disease, especially lung cancer. Tumors and lesions located deep in the lung are directly accessible via dendritic tracheal bronchus, thereby opening a new way to tackle respiratory disease. Intratracheal delivery is an innovative, noninvasive approach for imaging and treating respiratory disease efficiently, when compared with other delivery methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2019.11.036DOI Listing
December 2019

Larynx-preserving reconstruction after extended base of the tongue resection.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2020 Apr 28;73(4):740-748. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Background: As the base of the tongue (BOT) plays essential roles in speech and swallowing, surgical resection of BOT cancer is typically avoided. Moreover, standard reconstructive procedures for larynx-preserving BOT defects have not yet been established. We performed immediate flap reconstruction after wide resection of BOT cancer with laryngeal preservation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2019.11.018DOI Listing

Trials of a Fluorescent Endoscopic Video System for Diagnosis and Treatment of the Head and Neck Cancer.

J Clin Med 2019 Dec 17;8(12). Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991 Moscow, Russia.

This article presents the results of intraoperative fluorescent diagnostics via the endoscopic system for assessing the quality of photodynamic therapy (PDT) of head and neck cancer. The diagnosis and PDT procedures were performed on the five patients with malignant neoplasms of the vocal cords, lateral surface of the tongue, and trachea and cancer of the left parotid salivary gland. Molecular form of chlorin E6 (Ce6) was intravenously administered with a 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8122229DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6947089PMC
December 2019

Recurrent transmural tracheal schwannoma resected by video-assisted thoracoscopic window resection: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Dec;98(51):e18180

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University.

Rationale: Primary schwannoma is extremely rare in the trachea, and its optimal treatment has not yet been established. Previous literature have indicated that traditional resection by thoracotomy is an effective surgical procedure but with huge trauma, and endoscopic excision is a minimally invasive surgical method but with possibility of recurrence. Window resection was usually utilized for selected patients with trachea invasion by thyroid carcinoma, but video-assisted thoracoscopic window resection for trachea schwannoma has not been reported previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000018180DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940164PMC
December 2019
5.723 Impact Factor

Intratracheal myiasis followed by tracheal-esophageal fistula: report of a rare case and literature review.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Dec 17;19(1):1060. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Departments of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, Lianhua Road, Shenzhen, 518036, Guangdong, China.

Background: To enhance awareness of the clinical features and prevention of endotracheal myiasis.

Case Presentation: A case of intratracheal myiasis is reported. A 61-year-old male patient with a history of laryngectomy was admitted to hospital due to tracheostomal hemorrhage of 3 h duration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-4679-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6918650PMC
December 2019

Venovenous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Rigid Bronchoscopy and Carinal Tumor Resection in Decompensating Patients.

Anesthesiology 2020 01;132(1):156

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000002967DOI Listing
January 2020

Intraoperative Dexmedetomidine Maintains Hemodynamic Stability and Hastens Postoperative Recovery in Patients Undergoing Transsphenoidal Pituitary Surgery.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2019 Oct 11;10(4):599-605. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Department of Anesthesia, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Transsphenoidal resection of pituitary tumors is the neurosurgical procedure of choice to excise most of the tumors of the sellar/suprasellar region. The main goals of anesthesia are maintenance of hemodynamic stability, provision of conditions that facilitate good surgical exposure, and a prompt and smooth emergence to allow neurological and visual assessment. Dexmedetomidine (Dex), a selective α-2 agonist, is known to maintain cardiovascular stability and anxiolysis and provide pain relief. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-3399402DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6906115PMC
October 2019

Thyroid Carcinoma Showing Thymus-Like Differentiation (CASTLE) with Tracheal Invasion: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Dec 10;20:1845-1851. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong S.A.R., China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Thyroid carcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation (CASTLE) is a rare disease entity. It arises from ectopic thymic tissue in the thyroid gland. Patients usually present with enlarging neck mass and hoarseness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.919208DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6913266PMC
December 2019