10,509 results match your criteria Tracheal Tumors

Expanding role of radiotherapy in adenoid cystic carcinoma of the tracheobronchial tree: a new horizon.

Tumori 2021 May 12:3008916211012461. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India.

Background: Primary adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACCs) of central trachea-bronchi system are rare and heterogeneous tumors. Definitive radiotherapy (RT) is the recommended treatment in surgically unresectable or incomplete resection or in the presence of severe comorbidities.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical features and outcomes of patients with ACC of trachea-bronchi treated with radiotherapy. Read More

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[Stanford Type A Acute Aortic Dissection with Myasthenia Gravis:Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2021 Feb;74(2):139-141

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Otakanomori Hospital, Kashiwa, Japan.

The patient was a 76-year-old man with myasthenia gravis (MG). He suffered from a sudden back pain, and was diagnosed with Stanford type A acute aortic dissection. We performed emergency graft replacement of the ascending aorta under cardiopulmonary bypass with hypothermic circulatory arrest. Read More

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February 2021

Remodelling of oxygen-transporting tracheoles drives intestinal regeneration and tumorigenesis in Drosophila.

Nat Cell Biol 2021 May 10;23(5):497-510. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cyprus, Aglantzia, Cyprus.

The Drosophila trachea, as the functional equivalent of mammalian blood vessels, senses hypoxia and oxygenates the body. Here, we show that the adult intestinal tracheae are dynamic and respond to enteric infection, oxidative agents and tumours with increased terminal branching. Increased tracheation is necessary for efficient damage-induced intestinal stem cell (ISC)-mediated regeneration and is sufficient to drive ISC proliferation in undamaged intestines. Read More

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A Novel Use of Coblation in the Treatment of Tracheal Tumors.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 May 11:1455613211015739. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Radiofrequency coblation is a new method of electrosurgical intervention. Most recently, its use has been reported in the treatment of laryngotracheal pathology. However, studies on coblation for tracheal tumors have not been reported. Read More

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Case Report: Next-Generation Sequencing Reveals Tumor Origin in a Female Patient With Brain Metastases.

Front Oncol 2021 12;11:569429. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Neurosurgery department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Background: Brain metastasis mainly originates from lung cancer. Napsin A and TTF-1 factors have frequently been detected in lung adenocarcinoma cases. Brain metastasis tumors with napsin A and TTF-1 positive are easily classified as lung adenocarcinoma origin. Read More

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Tracheal chondrosarcoma in a blue tegu (Salvator merianae).

J Vet Med Sci 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Nihon University.

An 8-year-and-1-month-old female blue tegu (Salvator merianae) was brought to a clinician with severe cough. The patient died 11 days later despite supportive care, and necropsy was performed by a clinician. The lumen of the distal trachea was almost completely occluded by a milk-white, hard mass measuring 1 cm in diameter. Read More

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Aortogenic embolic stroke after sleeve pneumonectomy with median sternotomy for lung cancer: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Apr 28;15(1):205. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, 4-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8575, Japan.

Background: The median sternotomy approach in sleeve pneumonectomy enables diseased lung ventilation in selected cases, which may reduce the difficulty in achieving anastomosis under intubation of the left main bronchus. However, with median sternotomy, the ascending aorta requires repeated mobilization to expose the operative field for anastomosis, which can cause an aortogenic embolic stroke.

Case Presentation: A 70-year-old Asian man presenting 6 months after developing hemoptysis was diagnosed with right upper lobe lung cancer (stage T4N0M0), invading the lower trachea and basal bronchus. Read More

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Endovascular treatment of massive hemorrhage arising from inferior thyroid artery after fine needle aspiration of thyroid: a case report.

BMC Surg 2021 Apr 27;21(1):220. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Radiology, Chungbuk National University Hospital, 776, 1sunhwan-ro, Seowon-g, Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea.

Background: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) of the thyroid gland is an effective and safe method for evaluating thyroid nodules; catastrophic complications following FNA of thyroid are rare. Massive hematomas with active bleeding leading to airway compromise are extremely rare complications of FNA, with only a few reported cases in literature.

Case Presentation: An 80 year-old man presented to the emergency room with severe respiratory distress, four hours after undergoing thyroid FNA for the evaluation of a thyroid nodule. Read More

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[Prediction and investigation of the potential risk factors for the upper mediastinal metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma].

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2021 Apr;43(4):477-483

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.

To predict and investigate the potential risk factors for the upper mediastinal metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). This study was a prospective cohort study. The admission criteria were patients with untreated thyroid cancer diagnosed in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from December 2013 to December 2015, and positive lymph node (cN1, including cN1a and cN1b) was diagnosed by ultrasound. Read More

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Large Neck Teratoma in a Newborn with Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Pril (Makedon Akad Nauk Umet Odd Med Nauki) 2021 Apr 23;42(1):105-108. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Institute of Pathology, Medical Faculty, University Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Skopje, RN Macedonia.

Neonatal tumours in the neck region are a rare finding. Teratomas typically comprise all three germ cell layers with tissues usually foreign to the anatomic site of origin. Head and neck teratomas account a smaller part of congenital teratomas. Read More

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Comparison of perioperative outcomes between intubated and nonintubated thoracoscopic surgery in children.

J Formos Med Assoc 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; National Taiwan University Cancer Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background/purpose: This study aimed to compare our experiences of nonintubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for pneumothorax and lung tumor resections with that of intubated VATS in pediatric patients.

Methods: In total, 17 nonintubated and 64 intubated pediatric VATS were performed between January 2012 and December 2018. Patient characteristics, operation period, comorbidities, precedent lung surgery, diagnosis, type of anesthesia, side and type of procedure, and perioperative outcomes were collected from medical records. Read More

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Successful Double-lumen Tube Intubation in the Lateral Position for a Patient with a Giant Superior Mediastinal Tumor.

Tokai J Exp Clin Med 2021 Apr 20;46(1):22-25. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Anesthesiology, Hachioji Hospital, Tokai University School of Medicine, 1838 Ishikawa-machi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0032, Japan.

Objective: Anesthetic management of patients with giant mediastinal tumors is challenging from the perspective of both cardiovascular and respiratory management, and airway assessment is important for both concerns. We report the successful induction of general anesthesia and double-lumen tube intubation in the right lateral position for a patient with a giant mediastinal tumor with tracheal compression, using pre-operative chest radiograph imaging to minimize tracheal compression during induction.

Methods: A 41-year-old man required thoracoscopic giant superior mediastinal tumor resection. Read More

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[Complications of Da Vinci robot thyroid surgery by bilateral axillo-breast approach].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Apr;56(4):363-368

Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, the 960th Hospital of the People's Liberation Army of China, Jinan 250031, China.

To evaluate the complications of Da Vinci robotic thyroid surgery by bilateral axillo-breast approach. A retrospective analysis of complications was conducted on 1, 198 cases of Da Vinci robotic thyroid surgery by bilateral axillo-breast approach of the 960 th Hospital of the People's Liberation Army from February 2014 to March 2020. There were 263 men and 935 women, age ranged from 9 to 68 years old, and included 288 benign lesions and 910 malignancies according to preoperative imaging examination, FNAC, and intraoperative frozen pathology. Read More

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Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the thyroid: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2021 Apr;49(4):3000605211004702

Department of Endocrinology, Peking University International Hospital, Beijing, China.

Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the thyroid (PSCCT) is a rare and rapidly progressive malignancy that carries a poor prognosis. PSCCT is easily misdiagnosed as acute thyroiditis or as another thyroid malignancy. We have reported a 76-year-old woman who presented with progressive neck pain for 1 month. Read More

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The HILUS-Trial-a Prospective Nordic Multicenter Phase 2 Study of Ultracentral Lung Tumors Treated With Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy.

J Thorac Oncol 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Theme Cancer, Section of Head, Neck, Lung and Skin Tumours, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Introduction: Stereotactic body radiation therapy of thoracic tumors close to the central airways implies risk of severe toxicity. We report a prospective multicenter phase 2 trial for tumors located less than or equal to 1 cm from the proximal bronchial tree with primary end point of local control and secondary end point of toxicity.

Methods: Stereotactic body radiation therapy with 7 Gy × 8 was prescribed to the 67% isodose encompassing the planning target volume. Read More

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Carinal Resection and Reconstruction for Tracheo-bronchial Neoplasms-Surgical Outcomes of 20 Consecutively Operated Cases.

Indian J Surg Oncol 2021 Mar 27;12(1):12-21. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Centre for Chest Surgery, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, 110060 India.

Carinal resections for trachea-bronchial neoplasms are technically challenging and have high operative morbidity and mortality. This study examines the clinical experience of carinal resections for various tracheo-bronchial tumors in a dedicated thoracic surgery center. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed from March 2012 to December 2019 to identify all patients who underwent carinal resection. Read More

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A Unique Case of Chronic Cough.

Mayo Clin Proc 2021 04;96(4):1090-1091

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA.

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Insights on Immune Function in Free-Ranging Green Sea Turtles () with and without Fibropapillomatosis.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Mar 18;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute, Florida Atlantic University, Fort Pierce, FL 34946, USA.

Chelonid alphaherpesviruses 5 and 6 (ChHV5 and ChHV6) are viruses that affect wild sea turtle populations. ChHV5 is associated with the neoplastic disease fibropapillomatosis (FP), which affects green turtles () in panzootic proportions. ChHV6 infection is associated with lung-eye-trachea disease (LETD), which has only been observed in maricultured sea turtles, although antibodies to ChHV6 have been detected in free-ranging turtles. Read More

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Recurrent tracheal tumor with a critical airway requiring 'Y' stent - unique presentation of tuberculosis.

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of interventional Pulmonology, Kovai Medical Center and Hospital, Coimbatore.

Tracheal tumor is a rare entity. Tracheal tumor may be a primary tracheal tumor or secondary to invasion from a mediastinal tumor (or a lymph node). These tumors are prone to cause critical airway obstruction which may require urgent care. Read More

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Identification of acquired tracheoesophageal fistula after tracheostomy decannulation by videofluoroscopic swallowing study: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(13):e25349

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital.

Rationale: Videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) is a noninvasive radiographic procedure that examines the oral, pharyngeal, and cervical esophageal stages of swallowing. Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is difficult to diagnose depending on its size and location. However, how VFSS can be of benefit in the diagnosis of TEF has not been reported yet. Read More

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A Case of Solid Variant of Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma from Trachea: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Onco Targets Ther 2021 18;14:1997-2002. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Pathology, Shanghai General Hospital,Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200080, People's Republic of China.

Introduction: Primary tracheal adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare and heterogeneous group of neoplasms arising from the respiratory tract. The solid variant of ACC is a histologically distinct subtype with an unfavorable clinical course. We report on a case of tracheal ACC with immunohistochemical and molecular analysis together with a review of the literature. Read More

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Safety and Efficacy of a Novel Intubating Laryngeal Mask during the recovery period following Supratentorial Tumour Surgery.

J Int Med Res 2021 Mar;49(3):300060521999768

Department of Anaesthesiology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Objective: To assess safety and efficacy of a novel intubation laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) during the recovery period following supratentorial tumour surgery.

Methods: Patients who underwent supratentorial tumour surgery at our centre from January 2012 to December 2016 were eligible for this prospective randomised, parallel group study. We developed a novel ILMA using closely fitting laryngeal masks (No. Read More

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Endobronchial lipoma with tracheobronchial aspergillosis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Mar;100(11):e24381

The Department of Anesthesiology.

Introduction: Benign neoplasm of the endobronchial tree is quite rare, while endobronchial lipoma is extremely rare. Tracheobronchial aspergillosis is a relatively uncommon but severe form of invasive aspergillosis involving the tracheobronchial tree.

Patient Concerns: A 54-year-old male presented to our hospital for investigation and treatment of a cough and hemoptysis. Read More

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[Neoplasms of the upper respiratory tract and ear].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2021 ;86(1):96-102

Central Clinical Hospital No. 2 named after N.N. Semashko, Moscow, Russia.

Neoplasms of the upper respiratory tract and ear are tumors of visual localization; however, patients often go to specialized medical institutions in the presence of a widespread tumor process. This paper presents a brief overview of the most common benign and malignant tumors with localization in the oropharynx, nasopharynx, larynx and ear. The clinical picture, diagnosis and various treatment options are presented. Read More

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[Modern causes of tracheostomy in children].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2021 ;86(1):36-40

Morozovskaya Children's City Clinical Hospital, Moscow, Russia.

The purpose of work is to analyze the causes of tracheostomy in children hospitalized in a large multidisciplinary pediatric hospital.

Material And Methods: Retrospective analysis of case of children treated in a multidisciplinary urgent hospital - GBUZ «Morozovskaya CCCH of MDH», which in the period from 01.01. Read More

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Epidemiological Study of Mortality Among Workers Exposed to Tritium in France.

Radiat Res 2021 03;195(3):284-292

SEPIA-Santé, 31 Rue de Pontivy, 56150 BAUD, France.

Workers of the Commissariat for Atomic Energy and Alternative Energy (CEA) may be potentially exposed to tritium over long periods. We aimed to assess the effect of tritium exposure on mortality in a cohort of employees followed by radiotoxicological monitoring. A total of 1,746 employees who worked for at least six months at one of three CEA centers were included between 1962 and 2011 (median follow-up 29. Read More

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Trans-cervical trans-tracheal resection of cervical esophageal smooth muscle tumor.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Mar 6. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Division of Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong.

Cervical esophageal smooth muscle tumours are traditionally resected via lateral trans-cervical +/- video-assisted thoracoscopic approaches. However exposure is frequently limited with risks of recurrent laryngeal nerve and posterior tracheal wall injury, and jeopardization of cervical tracheal and cervical esophageal blood supply. We herein describe an anterior trans-cervical trans-tracheal approach to counter some of the aforementioned problems and avoid morbidities associated with thoracoscopic surgery when resecting smooth muscle tumors arising from the cervical esophagus. Read More

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Evaluation Of Release Maneuvers After Airway Reconstruction.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Mar 6. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. Electronic address:

Background: Airway release (AR) maneuvers performed during airway resection to reduce anastomotic tension have not been thoroughly studied.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed consecutive resections for postintubation stenosis (PITS) and primary tracheal neoplasms (PTN) at a tertiary care center. Anastomotic complications were defined as stenosis, separation, necrosis, granulation tissue and air leak. Read More

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Finding the bubble: atypical and unusual extrapulmonary air in the chest.

Radiologia 2021 Mar 4. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Servicio de radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Vall de Hebron, Barcelona, España.

Objective: To describe the radiologic findings of extrapulmonary air in the chest and to review atypical and unusual causes of extrapulmonary air, emphasizing the importance of the diagnosis in managing these patients.

Conclusion: In this article, we review a series of cases collected at our center that manifest with extrapulmonary air in the thorax, paying special attention to atypical and uncommon causes. We discuss the causes of extrapulmonary according to its location: mediastinum (spontaneous pneumomediastinum with pneumorrhachis, tracheal rupture, dehiscence of the bronchial anastomosis after lung transplantation, intramucosal esophageal dissection, Boerhaave syndrome, tracheoesophageal fistula in patients with esophageal tumors, bronchial perforation and esophagorespiratory fistula due to lymph-node rupture, and acute mediastinitis), pericardium (pneumopericardium in patients with lung tumors), cardiovascular (venous air embolism), pleura (bronchopleural fistulas, spontaneous pneumothorax in patients with malignant pleural mesotheliomas and primary lung tumors, and bilateral pneumothorax after unilateral lung biopsy), and thoracic wall (infections, transdiaphragmatic intercostal hernia, and subcutaneous emphysema after lung biopsy). Read More

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High incidence of esophageal fistula on patients with clinical T4b esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who received chemoradiotherapy: A retrospective analysis.

Radiother Oncol 2021 May 3;158:191-199. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center of Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, PR China; Guangdong Esophageal Cancer Research Institute, Guangzhou, PR China. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: Despite definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) being a recommended therapeutic method for patients with T4b esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), treatment response and complications remain unclear. Esophageal fistula is a severe CRT-related complication when treating locally advanced ESCC, but data on risk factors that lead to esophageal fistula formation are limited. The aim of this analysis is to characterize the outcomes of T4b ESCC treated by CRT and investigate the risk factors of esophageal fistula. Read More

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