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    4774 results match your criteria Tracheal Intubation Laryngeal Mask Airways

    1 OF 96

    Comparison of intubating laryngeal mask airway and fiberoptic bronchoscopy for endotracheal intubation in patients undergoing cervical discectomy.
    J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2016 Oct-Dec;32(4):515-518
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Medical Sciences, Whitefield, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
    Background And Aims: Direct laryngoscopy is hazardous in patients with cervical posterior intervertebral disc prolapse (PIVD) as it may worsen the existing cord compression. To achieve smooth intubation, many adjuncts such as fiberoptic bronchoscope (FOB), video laryngoscopes, lighted stylets, and intubating laryngeal mask airways (ILMAs) are available. However, there is a paucity of literature comparing ILMA with fiberoptic intubation in patients with PIVD. Read More

    [A comparison of various supraglottic airway devices for fiberoptical guided tracheal intubation].
    Rev Bras Anestesiol 2017 Jan 12. Epub 2017 Jan 12.
    Department of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Alemanha.
    Background: Fiberoptical assisted intubation via placed supraglottic airway devices has been described as safe and easy procedure to manage difficult airways. However visualization of the glottis aperture is essential for fiberoptical assisted intubation. Various different supraglottic airway devices are commercially available and might offer different conditions for fiberoptical assisted intubation. Read More

    ProSeal laryngeal mask airway as an alternative to standard endotracheal tube in securing upper airway in the patients undergoing beating-heart coronary artery bypass grafting.
    Ann Card Anaesth 2017 Jan-Mar;20(1):61-66
    Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, Breach Candy Hospital Trust, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
    Background: ProSeal laryngeal mask airways (PLMAs) are routinely used after failed tracheal intubation as airway rescue, facilitating tracheal intubation by acting as a conduit and to secure airway during emergencies. In long duration surgeries, use of endotracheal tube (ETT) is associated with various hemodynamic complications, which are minimally affected during PLMA use. However, except for few studies, there are no significant data available that promote the use of laryngeal mask during cardiac surgery. Read More

    Comparison of the i-gel and other supraglottic airways in adult manikin studies: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Jan;96(1):e5801
    aDepartment of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute bBiostatistics Collaboration Unit, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Background: The i-gel has a gel-like cuff composed of thermoplastic elastomer that does not require cuff inflation. As the elimination of cuff inflation may shorten insertion time, the i-gel might be a useful tool in emergency situations requiring prompt airway care. This systematic review and meta-analysis of previous adult manikin studies for inexperienced personnel was performed to compare the i-gel with other supraglottic airways. Read More

    The i-gel Supraglottic Airway as a Conduit for Fibreoptic Tracheal Intubation - A Randomized Comparison with the Single-use Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway and CTrach Laryngeal Mask in Patients with Predicted Difficult Laryngoscopy.
    Prague Med Rep 2016 ;117(4):164-175
    AstraZeneca, Washington D.C., USA.
    Fibreoptic intubation through a supraglottic airway is an alternative plan for airway management in difficult or failed laryngoscopy. The aim of this study was to compare three supraglottic airways as conduits in patients with at least one predictor for difficult laryngoscopy. The i-gel was compared with the single-use intubating laryngeal mask airway (sILMA) and CTrach laryngeal mask in 120 adult patients scheduled for elective surgeries under general anaesthesia using a prospective, randomized and single-blinded design. Read More

    Fiberoptic-guided intubation after insertion of the i-gel airway device in spontaneously breathing patients with difficult airway predicted: a prospective observational study.
    J Clin Anesth 2016 Dec 10;35:287-292. Epub 2016 Oct 10.
    Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Fundacion Jimenez Diaz, Avenida Reyes Catolicos 2, 28040, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:
    Study Objective: To assess the viability of performing fiberoptic-guided orotracheal intubation through the i-gel airway device previously inserted in spontaneously breathing patients with predicted difficult airway to achieve a patent airway.

    Design: Prospective observational study.

    Setting: Operating room in a tertiary care hospital. Read More

    Effect of sex differences in remifentanil requirements for the insertion of a laryngeal mask airway during propofol anesthesia: A prospective randomized trial.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Sep;95(39):e5032
    aDepartment of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, World Cup-ro, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon bDepartment of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Gachon University, Gil Medical Center, Namdong-gu, Incheon, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Remifentanil can improve insertion of a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) during induction with propofol. Recently, it has been suggested that there is a sex difference in opioid requirements for this procedure. The purposes of this study were to determine the effective effect-site concentration (Ce) of remifentanil for the facilitation of LMA insertion in male and female patients during propofol anesthesia without neuromuscular blockade and to evaluate whether there are sex differences in the Ce of remifentanil required for successful LMA insertion. Read More

    Supraglottic jet oxygenation and ventilation-assisted fibre-optic bronchoscope intubation in patients with difficult airways.
    Intern Emerg Med 2016 Sep 14. Epub 2016 Sep 14.
    School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.
    A difficult airway may lead to hypoxia and brain damage. The WEI Nasal Jet Tube (WNJ) is a new nasal pharyngeal tube that applies supraglottic jet oxygenation and ventilation (SJOV) for patients during tracheal intubation without the need for mask ventilation. We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of SJOV-assisted fibre-optic bronchoscopy (FOB) using the WNJ in the management of difficult tracheal intubations. Read More

    Comparison between supraglottic airway devices and endotracheal tubes in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Aug;95(33):e4598
    aDepartment of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine bMedical Course, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju cDepartment of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine dDepartment of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Inje University Seoul Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
    Background: Comparisons between the efficacies of supraglottic airway devices (SGAs) and endotracheal tubes (ETTs) in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgeries have yielded conflicting results. Therefore, in this meta-analysis, we compared the clinical performance and incidence of complications between SGAs and ETT intubation in laparoscopic surgery.

    Methods: A comprehensive search was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar to identify randomized controlled trials that compared SGAs with ETTs in laparoscopic surgery. Read More

    Association of Noninvasive Ventilation Strategies With Mortality and Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Among Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
    JAMA 2016 Aug;316(6):611-24
    Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
    Importance: Various noninvasive ventilation strategies are used to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) of preterm infants; however, the best mode is uncertain.

    Objective: To compare 7 ventilation strategies for preterm infants including nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) alone, intubation and surfactant administration followed by immediate extubation (INSURE), less invasive surfactant administration (LISA), noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilation, nebulized surfactant administration, surfactant administration via laryngeal mask airway, and mechanical ventilation.

    Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL from their inceptions to June 2016. Read More

    Comparison of ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) with cuffed and uncuffed endotracheal tubes in infants.
    Bosn J Basic Med Sci 2016 Nov 10;16(4):286-291. Epub 2016 Nov 10.
    Department of Anesthesiology and ICM, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.
    We aimed to compare cuffed and uncuffed endotracheal tubes (ETTs) with ProSealTM laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) in terms of airway security and extubation, starting out from the hypothesis that PLMA will provide alternative airway safety to the endotracheal tubes, and that airway complications will be less observed. After obtaining approval from the local Ethics Committee and parental informed consent, 120 pediatric patients 1-24 months old, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II, requiring general anesthesia for elective lower abdominal surgery, were randomized into PLMA (Group P, n = 40), cuffed ETT (Group C, n = 40), and uncuffed ETT (Group UC, n = 40) groups. The number of intubation or PLMA insertion attempts was recorded. Read More

    Middle East J Anaesthesiol 2016 Feb;23(4):479-82
    We report the case ofa pediatric patient with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and cleft palate deformity with difficult intubation in which a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) was used and converted into an endotracheal tube through retrograde intubation. The patient with TOF was scheduled for repair of the congenital bilateral cleft lip and palate. Inhalational induction with 4% sevoflurane was started. Read More

    Comparison of the Supraglottic Airway Devices Classic, Fastrach and Supreme Laryngeal Mask Airway: A Prospective Randomised Clinical Trial of Efficacy, Safety and Complications.
    Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2015 Dec 1;43(6):406-11. Epub 2015 Dec 1.
    Clinic of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Ümraniye Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.
    Objective: This prospective randomised study was designed to compare the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) Classic, LMA Fastrach and LMA Supreme regarding ease of insertion and insertion time as primary outcomes and reposition, success rate of trials, effects on haemodynamic parameters, provision of an adequate and safe airway, amount of leakage and oropharyngeal and systemic complications as secondary outcomes.

    Methods: In this clinical trial, 90 patients aged 18-70 years of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) group I-II were randomised into three groups as providing airway via LMA Classic, LMA Fastrach or LMA Supreme instead of tracheal intubation. No muscle relaxant was used. Read More

    Acta Clin Croat 2016 Mar;55 Suppl 1:68-72
    Obstetric anesthesia is one of the high risk subspecialties of anesthesia practice. Anesthesia related complications are the sixth leading cause of maternal mortality. Difficult or failed intubation following induction of general anesthesia for CS remains the major contributory factor to anesthesia-related maternal complications. Read More

    Acta Clin Croat 2016 Mar;55 Suppl 1:55-61
    Laryngeal mask airway (LMA) was a useful, powerful airway management device for routine pediatric airway management, pediatric difficult airway, and in pediatric emergency situations. Over years, various designs, induction and insertion techniques have been described. LMA provides ease of placement and removal as compared with endotracheal intubation, less traumatism for the respiratory tract, better tolerability by patients, improved hemodynamic stability during emergency, less coughing, less sore throat, avoidance of laryngoscopy, and hands free airway. Read More

    Acta Clin Croat 2016 Mar;55 Suppl 1:27-32
    The primary aim of this single center retrospective study was to evaluate difficult mask ventilation (DMV) and difficult laryngoscopy (DL) in a unique group of obese patients. A total of 427 adult patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 and surgically treated for endometrial cancer from 2011 to 2014 were assessed. Additional increase in BMI, comorbidities, bedside screening tests for risk factors, and the tools used to manage the patients were noted and their effects on DMV and/or DL investigated. Read More

    Learning and performance of endotracheal intubation by paramedical students: Comparison of GlideScope(®) and intubating laryngeal mask airway with direct laryngoscopy in manikins.
    Indian J Anaesth 2016 May;60(5):337-42
    Department of Anesthesia Technology, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah Mukarramah, Saudi Arabia.
    Background And Aims: GlideScope video laryngoscope (GVL) and intubating laryngeal mask airway (I-LMA) may be used to facilitate intubation and secure the airway in patients with normal and abnormal airways. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether (GVL) and (I-LMA) facilitate and improve the tracheal intubation success rate and could be learned and performed easily by paramedic students when compared with Macintosh direct laryngoscopy (DL).

    Methods: This study was a prospective, randomised crossover trial that included 100 paramedic students. Read More

    Standard versus Rotation Technique for Insertion of Supraglottic Airway Devices: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    Yonsei Med J 2016 Jul;57(4):987-97
    Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Purpose: Supraglottic airway devices have been widely utilized as an alternative to tracheal intubation in various clinical situations. The rotation technique has been proposed to improve the insertion success rate of supraglottic airways. However, the clinical efficacy of this technique remains uncertain as previous results have been inconsistent, depending on the variable evaluated. Read More

    [Difficult Ventilation Requiring Emergency Endotracheal Intubation during Awake Craniotomy Managed by Laryngeal Mask Airway].
    Masui 2016 Apr;65(4):380-3
    We report a case of difficult ventilation requiring emergency endotracheal intubation during awake craniotomy managed by laryngeal mask airway (LMA). A 45-year-old woman was scheduled to receive awake craniotomy for brain tumor in the frontal lobe. After anesthetic induction, airway was secured using ProSeal LMA and patient was mechanically ventilated in pressure-control mode. Read More

    [Comparison of the Effectiveness of Different Supraglottic Ventilation Methods during Bronchial Thermoplasty].
    Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2016 Apr;38(2):131-5
    Department of Anesthesiology,Beijing 100029,China.
    Objective: To compare the effectiveness of high-frequency jet ventilation via Wei jet nasal airway and controlled ventilation with improved laryngeal mask airway during bronchial thermoplasty.

    Methods: Twenty-eight patients undergoing bronchial thermoplasty were equally divided into two groups: group A (high-frequency jet ventilation through Wei jet nasal airway) and group B (controlled ventilation with improved laryngeal mask airway). Pulse oxygenation,heart rate,and mean arterial blood pressure were recorded after entering the operating room (T0), 1 minute after administration/induction (T1), bronchoscope inserting (T2), 15 minutes (T3)/30 minutes (T4)/45 minutes (T5) after ventilation,at the end of the operation (T6), and at the recovery of patients' consciousness (T7). Read More

    Postoperative sore throat: a systematic review.
    Anaesthesia 2016 Jun 28;71(6):706-17. Epub 2016 Mar 28.
    Department of Anaesthetics, Sheffield Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK.
    Postoperative sore throat has a reported incidence of up to 62% following general anaesthesia. In adults undergoing tracheal intubation, female sex, younger age, pre-existing lung disease, prolonged duration of anaesthesia and the presence of a blood-stained tracheal tube on extubation are associated with the greatest risk. Tracheal intubation without neuromuscular blockade, use of double-lumen tubes, as well as high tracheal tube cuff pressures may also increase the risk of postoperative sore throat. Read More

    Removal of Laryngeal Mask Airway in Adults Under Target-Controlled, Propofol-Fentanyl Infusion Anesthesia: Awake or Deep Anesthesia?
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Apr;95(17):e3441
    From the Department of Anesthesiology, National Defense Medical Center and Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China (R-CH, N-KH, C-HL); and Keelung Branch and Department of Anesthesiology, Tri-Service General Hospital and National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China (Z-FW).
    After emergence from anesthesia, the incidence and severity of adverse airway effects caused by the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) can vary, depending on when the device was removed; nonetheless, reports differ regarding the exact optimal timing of LMA removal. The purpose of this study was to compare the rate of adverse events between 2 groups: those whose LMA was removed under general anesthesia ("deep" group) or under target-controlled infusion (TCI) of propofol ("awake" group).Institutional Review Board approval and written informed consent were obtained; 124 patients were then randomly allocated into either the "awake" group or the "deep" group. Read More

    [Effects of intubating laryngeal mask airway in prevention of extubation responses in patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage during general anesthesia recovery period].
    Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2016 Apr;96(16):1281-4
    Department of Anesthesiology, Affiliated First Municipal Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Quanzhou 362000, China; #Department of Anesthesiology, Fujian Province Quanzhou Municipal Children Hospital & Women Healthcare Hospital, Quanzhou 362000, China.
    Objective: To evaluate the effects of intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) in prediction of extubation responses in patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage during general anesthesia recovery period.

    Methods: A total of 120 patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage aged 47-71 years, with Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)11-15 scores and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, undergoing craniotomy surgery from December 2012 to December 2014 in the Affiliated First Municipal Hospital of Fujian Medical University were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=60): tracheal intubation (Group T) and intubating laryngeal mask airway (Group I), by using a random number table. Variations of invasive arterial blood pressure and responses of endotracheal extubation were compared between two groups before and after extubation. Read More

    Comparison of the Supreme and the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A randomized controlled trial.
    Acta Anaesthesiol Taiwan 2016 Jun 19;54(2):44-50. Epub 2016 Apr 19.
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector 32, Chandigarh, India.
    Objective: The single-use LMA Supreme (Teleflex, Inc., Wayne, PA, USA) and the LMA ProSeal (Teleflex, Inc., Wayne, PA, USA) laryngeal mask airway (LMA) have similar characteristics. Read More

    End-tidal sevoflurane concentration for ProSeal(TM) versus Classic(TM) laryngeal mask airway insertion in unpremedicated anaesthetised adult females.
    Anaesth Intensive Care 2016 Mar;44(2):221-6
    Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
    The optimal end-tidal sevoflurane concentration for successful ProSealTM (Teleflex, Morrisville, NC, USA) laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) versus ClassicTM (Teleflex, Morrisville, NC, USA) laryngeal mask airway (CLMA) insertion in unpremedicated anaesthetised adults is unknown. We determined end-tidal sevoflurane concentrations for successful insertion in fifty percent of anaesthetised adults. This randomised, prospective, double-blind study was conducted in the operating theatre of a government tertiary care hospital. Read More

    A randomized comparison of pediatric-sized Streamlined Liner of Pharyngeal Airway and Laryngeal Mask Airway-Unique in paralyzed children.
    Paediatr Anaesth 2016 May 24;26(5):557-63. Epub 2016 Mar 24.
    Department of Anesthesiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.
    Background: The pediatric-sized Streamlined Liner of Pharyngeal Airway (SLIPA) is a new supraglottic airway device for children.

    Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical performance of the pediatric-sized SLIPA with the Laryngeal Mask Airway-Unique in paralyzed children under positive pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV).

    Methods: One hundred children, aged 2 months to 12 years with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II were enrolled and randomly allocated to the SLIPA group or the Laryngeal Mask Airway-Unique group (50 patients in each group). Read More

    Dialysis Access Surgery: Does Anesthesia Type Affect Maturation and Complication Rates?
    Ann Vasc Surg 2016 May 8;33:116-9. Epub 2016 Mar 8.
    Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Riverside Department of Surgery, University of California, Riverside County Regional Medical Center, Moreno Valley, CA.
    Background: Creation of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the preferred method of establishing long-term dialysis access. There are multiple anesthetic techniques used for patients undergoing this surgery including general endotracheal intubation, laryngeal mask airway, regional anesthesia with nerve blocks, and monitored anesthesia care with local infiltration. It is unclear what effect the method of anesthesia has on AVF creation success rate. Read More

    Anesthetic care and perioperative complications in children with Sanfilipo Syndrome Type A.
    Paediatr Anaesth 2016 May 9;26(5):531-8. Epub 2016 Mar 9.
    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
    Background: Patients with mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are generally considered high risk for anesthesia care, owing to disease-related factors. Sanfilippo syndrome type A (MPS IIIA) is the most frequently occurring MPS. Anesthesia-specific information for MPS IIIA is not readily available in the literature. Read More

    Comparison of Airway Management Methods in Entrapped Patients: A Manikin Study.
    Prehosp Emerg Care 2016 Sep-Oct;20(5):657-61. Epub 2016 Mar 8.
    Introduction: Endotracheal intubation remains one of the most challenging skills in prehospital care. There is a minimal amount of data on the optimal technique to use when managing the airway of an entrapped patient. We hypothesized that use of a blindly placed device would result in both the shortest time to airway management and highest success rate. Read More

    Anesthetic management of a large mediastinal mass for tracheal stent placement.
    Braz J Anesthesiol 2016 Mar-Apr;66(2):215-8. Epub 2014 Feb 20.
    Department of Pulmonology and Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, United States.
    The anesthetic management of patients with large mediastinal masses can be complicated due to the pressure effects of the mass on the airway or major vessels. We present the successful anesthetic management of a 64-year-old female with a large mediastinal mass that encroached on the great vessels and compressed the trachea. A tracheal stent was placed to relieve the tracheal compression under general anesthesia. Read More

    The association between thenar eminence and I-gel™ dimensions in paediatric patients.
    Braz J Anesthesiol 2016 Mar-Apr;66(2):171-5. Epub 2014 Nov 27.
    Giresun University Medical Faculty, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Giresun, Turkey.
    Objectives: A practical anatomic landmark may be helpful to perform the appropriate size of the airway devices easily in paediatric patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between thenar eminence and I-gel dimensions in children.

    Methods: After Institutional Ethics Committee approval, two hundred and seventy ASA Class I-II patients between 0 and 12 years old, who were scheduled for elective procedures under general anaesthesia not requiring tracheal intubation, were recruited to the study. Read More

    An Evaluation of Thyromental Distance-based Method or Weight-based Method in Determining the Size of the Laryngeal Mask Airway Supreme: A Randomized Controlled Study.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Mar;95(9):e2902
    From the Department of Anaesthesiology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Centre; Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College Fudan University, Shanghai, China (MLW, YJX, XJY, LHL, JZ, CHM); and Department of Anaesthesiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China (MD).
    The successful placement of Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) Supreme in adults largely depends on right selection of its size. Most anesthesiologists determine the size of LMA according to patients' body weight, which does not always work well. An alternative method should be established to guarantee higher efficacy of ventilation through LMA Supreme placement. Read More

    Evaluation of six different airway devices regarding regurgitation and pulmonary aspiration during cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) - A human cadaver pilot study.
    Resuscitation 2016 May 26;102:70-4. Epub 2016 Feb 26.
    Institute of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; Departments of Outcomes Research and General Anesthesiology, Anesthesiology Institute, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, USA. Electronic address:
    Background: Chest compressions and ventilation are lifesaving tasks during cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Besides oxygenation, endotracheal intubation (ETI) during CPR is performed to avoid aspiration of gastric contents. If intubation is difficult or impossible, supraglottic airway devices are utilized. Read More

    [Comparison of jaw thrust and trapezius squeezing test as indicators for laryngeal mask airway insertion in infants and young children].
    Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2016 Feb;96(6):451-5
    Department of Anesthesiology, Tianjin Children's Hospital, Clinical Pediatric College of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300134, China.
    Objective: To compare the effectiveness of the jaw thrust and the trapezius squeezing test(TST) for laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion in infants and children under sevoflurane anesthesia.

    Methods: A total of 100 children aged from 6 month to 3 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA) Ⅰ-Ⅱ and undergoing minor operation were enrolled from January to June 2015 in Tianjin Children's Hospital. The patients were randomly divided into jaw thrusting group (Group J, n=50)and trapezius squeezing group(Group T, n=50). Read More

    Suitability of a preserved human cadaver model for the simulation of facemask ventilation, direct laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation: a laboratory investigation.
    Br J Anaesth 2016 Mar;116(3):417-22
    Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Therapy, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
    Background: Using fresh or formalin-embalmed cadavers has not been generally accepted for the purposes of teaching airway management. We investigated whether cadavers 'preserved according Thiel's embalming method' (PATEM) are suitable for the simulation of facemask ventilation and tracheal intubation by direct laryngoscopy.

    Methods: This observational cluster sampling, controlled simulation study, included eight PATEM cadavers and eight manikins in two clusters. Read More

    Middle East J Anaesthesiol 2015 Oct;23(3):351-4
    We present a case of confusing white foreign body in the nasal cavity detected during Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (ESS) in a 35-yr-old male which turned out to be a malposition of classic laryngeal mask airway (LMA). Although malposition of LMA is a known entity to the anesthesiologist, if ventilation is adequate, back folded LMA in nasal cavity might not be recognized by the surgeon and lead to catastrophic consequences during endoscopic sinus surgery. In principle, misfolding and malpositioning can be reduced by pre usage testing, using appropriate sizes, minimizing cuff volume, and early identification and correction of malposition. Read More

    Middle East J Anaesthesiol 2015 Oct;23(3):295-300
    Objective: To investigate whether a single intravenous dose of ketamine before transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) led to reduced postoperative pain and tramadol consumption.

    Methodology: Sixty patients undergoing elective TURP were randomized into one of two groups: the ketamine group (Group K, n = 30) received intravenous 0.5 mg/kg ketamine 10 min before surgery, and the control group (Group C, n = 30) received an equivalent volume of normal saline 30 min before surgery. Read More

    Design and implementation of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Pragmatic Airway Resuscitation Trial (PART).
    Resuscitation 2016 Apr 2;101:57-64. Epub 2016 Feb 2.
    Clinical Trials Center, Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States. Electronic address:
    Airway management is an important component of resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The optimal approach to advanced airway management is unknown. The Pragmatic Airway Resuscitation Trial (PART) will compare the effectiveness of endotracheal intubation (ETI) and Laryngeal Tube (LT) insertion upon 72-h survival in adult OHCA. Read More

    Vocal fold immobility after finger sweep self-extrusion of impacted food in a choking victim with resolution following laryngeal mask ventilation.
    Ear Nose Throat J 2016 Jan;95(1):33-5
    NYU Voice Center, 345 E. 37th St., Suite 306, New York, NY 10016, USA.
    We report a case of unilateral vocal fold immobility in a 57-year-old woman that occurred subsequent to a choking episode, which she resolved by removing impacted food with a finger sweep. Other than the unilateral immobility, no abnormality of the laryngeal mucosa or framework was detected on physical examination, laryngoscopy, and computed tomography. Weeks later, the patient underwent an unrelated surgical procedure necessitating laryngeal mask airway ventilation. Read More

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