2,672 results match your criteria Toxocariasis


Human toxocariasis and neutering cats.

Authors:
Ian Wright

Vet Rec 2019 Feb;184(7):224-225

ESCCAP Secretariat, Malvern Hills Science Park, Malvern, Worcestershire WR14 3SZ.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.l1672DOI Listing
February 2019

Ultrasonography for early diagnosis of Toxocara canis infection in puppies.

Parasitol Res 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sassari, Via Vienna 2, 07100, Sassari, Italy.

Toxocara canis is one of the most common intestinal parasites in dogs and represents a highly infectious zoonotic parasite worldwide. Adult worms live in the bowel of dogs, and infections in puppies are commonly acquired transplacentally. The biology of the parasite and the commonly used diagnostic method, based on faecal examination, often prevent an early diagnosis of toxocariasis in puppies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-019-06239-4DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Matrix metalloproteinase-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 in mice with ocular toxocariasis.

Parasitol Res 2019 Feb 10;118(2):483-491. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Parasitology, Chung Shan Medical University, 110, Section 1, Chien-Kuo North Road, Taichung, 402, Taiwan.

In ocular toxocariasis, Toxocara canis-induced inflammatory reaction can lead to eye destruction and granuloma, which is formed by immune cell infiltration and concurrent extensive remodeling tissue. Herein, the histomorphology of granuloma and proteinase production in the eye of T. canis-infected BALB/c mice were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-018-06196-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Toxocara tanuki (Nematoda: Ascaridae) from Korean Raccoon Dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides koreensis.

Korean J Parasitol 2018 Dec 31;56(6):567-575. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea.

Present study was performed to describe the morphological and molecular characterization of Toxocara tanuki (Nematoda: Ascaridae) from Korean raccoon dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides koreensis, naturally infected in the Republic of Korea (Korea). Juvenile and adult worms of T. tanuki were recovered in 5 out of 10 raccoon dogs examined and the larval worms were detected in 15 out of 20 muscle samples (75%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2018.56.6.567DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327194PMC
December 2018

Comparative analysis of excretory-secretory antigens of Anisakis simplex, Pseudoterranova decipiens and Contracaecum osculatum regarding their applicability for specific serodiagnosis of human anisakidosis based on IgG-ELISA.

Exp Parasitol 2019 Feb 22;197:9-15. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Institute of Parasitology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Länggass-Strasse 122, 3012, Bern, Switzerland.

Serodiagnosis of human anisakidosis is presently hampered by the current lack of standardised serological assays that allow sensitive and specific detection of Anisakidae-specific antibodies in human patients. In the present study, we comparatively evaluated the diagnostic value (by IgG-ELISA) of excretory-secretory antigens (ESAgs) of Anisakis simplex, Pseudoterranova decipiens and Contracaecum osculatum, representing the most frequently found genera responsible for human infection. In addition, we tested also a mix of the three ES preparations (Mix-ESAgs) as well as two recombinant allergens of A. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00144894183035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exppara.2018.12.004DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Risk factors and prevalence of toxocariasis in pregnant women and diabetic patients compared to healthy adults in Ilam province, western Iran.

EXCLI J 2018 23;17:983-988. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Toxocara is one of the common intestinal nematodes in dogs and cats and is the agent of tissue migratory larvae in humans. Customarily, the prevalence of human toxocariasis hovers around 15.8 % in Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17179/excli2018-1630DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295622PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Sensitivity and specificity of recombinant proteins in Toxocara spp. for serodiagnosis in humans: Differences in adult and child populations.

PLoS One 2018 13;13(12):e0208991. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Biotecnologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, RS, Brasil.

Toxocariasis is a neglected zoonosis that affects children and adults. Recombinant proteins have been widely investigated for diagnosis, achieving high sensitivity and specificity in an overall population; however, little is known about age as a factor in its application. This study aims to investigate the diagnostic potential of Toxocara canis TES-30 and TES-120 recombinant proteins in humans, differentiating between its performance in children and adults. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0208991PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292589PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

A Retrospective Observational Study of Uveitis in a Single Center in Poland with a Review of Findings in Europe.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 3;24:8734-8749. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

BACKGROUND This study aimed to review the causes, presentation, and clinicopathological associations of uveitis in a single department of ophthalmology in Poland, and to compare the findings with previously published studies from other European countries. MATERIAL AND METHODS Review of local patient records between 2005-2015 identified patients diagnosed with uveitis. Data obtained included age, gender, imaging findings, and laboratory diagnostic findings. Read More

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https://www.medscimonit.com/abstract/index/idArt/910749
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.910749DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6289025PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

[Visceral larva migrans syndrome and hepatic abscess: A case report].

Arch Argent Pediatr 2018 Dec;116(6):e753-e756

Sector de Bajo Riesgo. Servicio de Clínica, Hospital Nacional de Pediatría "Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan", Ciudad de Buenos Aires.

Toxocariasis canis or catis is a zoonotic infection disseminated in humans. Human beings can act as non-natural hosts in which the parasite can survive for long periods of time and they become infected by the ingestion of geohelminth eggs. These can be located on the ground, playgrounds and children's games, and are mostly eliminated by dogs or cats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5546/aap.2018.e753DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

New insight into the diagnostic cut-off value of serum anti-Toxocara IgG for ocular toxocariasis in uveitis patients.

J Helminthol 2018 Nov 20:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Ophthalmology,Faculty of Medicine,Zagazig University,Egypt.

Uveitis is one of the commonest causes of vision loss worldwide and its exact etiology is still not clarified in most patients. The current study is a trial to assess the efficacy of serum anti-Toxocara immunoglobulin G (IgG) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) as a diagnostic tool for ocular toxocariasis (OT) and to detect OT prevalence and the associated ocular manifestations in sera of patients with uveitis. One hundred and twelve patients (62 females and 50 males) with uveitis were diagnosed by ophthalmologists, radiologists and rheumatologists according to ocular manifestations, laboratory and radiological investigations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X18000895DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with toxocariasis encountered at a tertiary care centre in North India.

Indian J Med Microbiol 2018 Jul-Sep;36(3):432-434

Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Toxocariasis is a neglected soil-transmitted helminthic infection caused by either Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati where humans get infected by accidental ingestion of embryonated eggs, and the definitive hosts are dogs and cats. This study aims to analyse the clinical and laboratory characteristics of Toxocara-infected patients and assessment of response to standard treatment with review of literature. The clinical details of patients with Toxocara serology positive for IgG antibodies by ELISA in 5 years (2013-2017) were retrospectively analysed. Read More

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http://www.ijmm.org/text.asp?2018/36/3/432/245387
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_18_259DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Seroepidemiology, modifiable risk factors and clinical symptoms of Toxocara spp. infection in northern Iran.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Toxocariasis is one of the most important and widespread neglected tropical infectious diseases. We designed a cross-sectional study to assess the seroepidemiological aspects of toxocariasis among the general population in northern Iran. A total of 630 rural subjects were enrolled to participate in the study. Read More

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http://fdslive.oup.com/www.oup.com/pdf/production_in_progres
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/try118DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

Dog walking brings Toxocara eggs to people's homes.

Vet Parasitol 2018 Oct 15;262:16-19. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Fundamental and Applied Parasitology of Animals and Plants named after K.I. Skryabin, Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya street 28, 117218 Moscow, Russia. Electronic address:

To find out the transmission routes for Toxocara infection, the possibility of transfer of Toxocara eggs from the soil on the paws of animals and on the shoes of people was explored. For this purpose, a study was conducted to find helminth eggs in washings from the paws of dogs after walking, from the shoes of their owners, as well as non-dog owners. Toxocara eggs were detected in 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2018.09.004DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Survey of European pet owners quantifying endoparasitic infection risk and implications for deworming recommendations.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Nov 1;11(1):571. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Mount Veterinary Practice, 1 Harris St, Fleetwood, FY7 6QX, UK.

Background: Zoonotic endoparasites pose risks to pets and people. The European Scientific Counsel Companion Animal Parasites (ESCCAP) created risk groupings for dogs (A-D) and for cats (A-B), with the highest risk pets (Group D dogs and Group B cats) receiving the most frequent testing and/or deworming recommendations. Little information exists on current deworming behaviours across Europe, alignment to accepted guidelines and the percentage of dogs and cats falling into ESCCAP groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3149-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6211546PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Ocular toxocariasis in a pediatric patient undergoing a bone marrow transplantation.

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Stem Cell Transplant Unit, Hospital Niño Jesús, Madrid, Spain.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0213005X183026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eimc.2018.09.003DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Seroprevalence of sarcocystosis in the local communities of Pangkor and Tioman Islands using recombinant surface antigens 3 (rSAG3) of Sarcocystis falcatula.

Trop Med Int Health 2018 Dec 23;23(12):1374-1383. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Objective: To investigate the seroprevalence of Sarcocystosis in the local communities of Pangkor and Tioman islands, Malaysia, by using antigenic recombinant surface antigens 2 and 3 from Sarcocystis falcatula (rSfSAG2 and rSfSAG3) as the target proteins via Western blot and ELISA assays.

Methods: SfSAG2 and SfSAG3 genes were isolated from S. falcatula and expressed in Escherichia coli expression system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13160DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads
2.330 Impact Factor

Space Occupying Lesion in the Liver Caused by Hepatic Visceral Larva Migrans: A Case Report.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Dec;99(6):1602-1605

Department of Pathology Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Visceral larva migrans (VLM) is one of the clinical syndromes of human toxocariasis. We report a case of hepatic VLM presenting preprandial malaise and epigastric discomfort in a 58-year-old woman drinking raw roe deer blood. The imaging studies of the abdomen showed a 74-mm hepatic mass featuring hepatic VLM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0199DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6283475PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Myelitis and tenosynovitis attributed to toxocariasis.

Joint Bone Spine 2018 Sep 28. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Microbiology, Dijon University Hospital, University of Burgundy, 14, rue Paul Gaffarel, 21000 Dijon, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbspin.2018.09.014DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Toxocara sero-prevalence and its relationship with allergic asthma in asthmatic patients in north-eastern Iran.

J Helminthol 2018 Oct 1:1-4. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Pathobiology,School of Veterinary Medicine,Ferdowsi University of Mashhad,Iran.

Toxocariasis is an important neglected tropical disease that has been suggested as a possible etiologic agent of asthma. The objective of the present study was to investigate possible significant association between Toxocara seroprevalence and asthma in a clinic-based case-control study. Blood samples were collected from human subjects aged 5-70 years, 50 of whom had signs of asthma and 50 of whom had no signs of asthma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X1800086XDOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Hypereosinophilia: Biological investigations and etiologies in a French metropolitan university hospital, and proposed approach for diagnostic evaluation.

PLoS One 2018 26;13(9):e0204468. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Infectious Diseases Unit, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.

Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of biological investigations in cases of eosinophilia in our area (French Alps).

Methods: We retrospectively included all adult patients attending the infectious disease and internal medicine units between 2009 and 2015 with eosinophilia ≥1 G/l.

Results: We identified 298 cases (129 women and 169 men). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0204468PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6157892PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Soil contamination by and human seroprevalence in the Attica region, Greece.

Germs 2018 Sep 3;8(3):155-161. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Prof, Department of Microbiology, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 75 Mikras Asias Street, 11527 Athens, Greece.

Background: is one of the most widespread public health and economically important zoonotic parasitic infections humans share with canids, mainly dogs. Human infection occurs by the accidental ingestion of embryonated eggs or larvae from a range of wild and domestic paratenic hosts. The aim of the present study was to examine the soil contamination of public places by the parasitic ova and to estimate serologically the prevalence of human infection in the Attica region, Greece. Read More

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http://www.germs.ro/en/Articles/Soil-contamination-by-Toxoca
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18683/germs.2018.1143DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141225PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Clinical course and treatment outcomes of toxocariasis-related eosinophilic disorder.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(37):e12361

Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul.

Blood eosinophilia is a common clinical finding. Helminthic infections, including toxocariasis, are a common cause of eosinophilia; however, the clinical course of toxocariasis associated with eosinophilia is not fully understood. Thus, controversies exist regarding treatment indications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012361DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6156049PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

[Developmental stages and viability of Toxocara canis eggs outside the host].

Biomedica 2018 06 15;38(2):189-197. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Medical Parasitology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Egypt.

Introduction: Toxocariasis is a soil-transmitted zoonotic disease caused mainly by ingestion of larvated eggs of Toxocara canis.

Objectives: To study the morphology of the intraovular developmental stages of Toxocara canis in culture, characterize non-viable eggs and the sequences of larval molting and compare the viability of eggs at the early stages of division and at reaching full maturation.

Material And Methods: Observation of developing embryos and characterization of non-viable eggs were done using light microscope. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v38i0.3684DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

Prognosis for ocular toxocariasis according to granuloma location.

PLoS One 2018 30;13(8):e0202904. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, St. Vincent's Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: To determine the prognosis for ocular toxocariasis (OT) according to the location of the granuloma and to identify factors associated with its recurrence within 1 year.

Methods: OT patients were classified according to the granuloma lesion. After grouping the patients as posterior or peripheral, we compared sex, age, intraocular pressure, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), degree of inflammation, immunoglobulin E, eosinophil profiles, recurrence, and complications in each group. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0202904PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6117002PMC
February 2019
12 Reads

"Myelitis migrans": A rare cause of treatable myelitis.

Rev Neurol (Paris) 2018 12 22;174(10):745-747. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department sclérose en plaques, pathologies de la myéline et neuro-inflammation, Eugène-Devic EDMUS foundation against multiple sclerosis, observatoire français de la sclérose en plaques (OFSEP), hôpital Neurologique Pierre-Wertheimer, hospices civils de Lyon, 69677 Bron, France; Université de Lyon, Université Claude-Bernard Lyon 1, 69100 Lyon, France. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurol.2017.12.005DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Toxocara eggs in public places worldwide - A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Environ Pollut 2018 Nov 27;242(Pt B):1467-1475. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Department of Health Public, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Toxocariasis is a neglected tropical disease of humans. Although many studies have indicated or shown that environmental contamination with Toxocara species eggs is a major risk factor for toxocariasis in humans, there has been no comprehensive analysis of published data or information. Here, we conducted the first systematic review and meta-analysis of current literature to assess the global prevalence of Toxocara eggs in public places (including beaches, parks and playgrounds). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2018.07.087DOI Listing
November 2018
19 Reads

Getting to the bottom of toxocariasis prevention.

Public Health 2018 12 16;165:152-153. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol, 8, Priory Rd, Bristol, BS8 1TZ, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.06.017DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Dispersion and infectivity of Toxocara canis eggs after passage through chicken intestine.

Parasitol Res 2018 Nov 8;117(11):3481-3486. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Post-Graduation Program in Animal Science, Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology, Veterinary Teaching-Hospital, Universidade do Oeste Paulista (UNOESTE), Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil.

Toxocariasis is an important, but neglected, worldwide zoonosis. It is considered a primarily soil-transmitted disease, but food-borne transmission has been associated with the consumption either of raw or undercooked meat of paratenic hosts, including birds. Despite the number of experimental studies carried out to evaluate the behavior of Toxocara spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-018-6045-xDOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

A Toxocara canis infection influences the immune response to house dust mite allergens in dogs.

Vet Immunol Immunopathol 2018 Aug 11;202:11-17. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Dermatology Unit, Clinic for Small Animal Internal Medicine, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: The "hygiene hypothesis" suggests that a western way of life, including the extended use of anti-infective drugs, a high standard of hygiene and the resulting reduced exposure to microorganisms, could be one of the possible explanations for the increasing prevalence of allergic diseases in humans and animals.

Objectives: we wished to evaluate if a nematode infection influenced IgE sensitization and allergic reactions to house dust mites in an experimental atopic dog model.

Methods: Twelve 10-week-old beagles were included: six of them were inoculated orally withToxocara canis (Tc) while six served as non-infected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2018.06.009DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Retinitis associated with double infection of Epstein-Barr virus and varicella-zoster virus: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(31):e11663

Department of Ophthalmology, National Defense Medical College, Saitama.

Rationale: Chronic uveitis with immunosuppressive agents could develop chronic herpetic retinitis with varicella-zoster virus (VZV) or herpes simplex virus (HSV). Ocular Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection develops uveitis and vitritis, but the clinical feature of EBV retinitis is not typical as a viral retinitis. EBV retinitis is rare, and only a few cases of EBV retinitis have been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011663DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6081094PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Investigations for the Possible Use of a Monoclonal Antibody Produced against Antigen as an Immunodiagnostic Reagent for Active Strongyloidiasis.

Iran J Parasitol 2018 Apr-Jun;13(2):204-214

Dept. of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Malaysia.

Background: Currently, most of the available serological diagnostic kits for strongyloidiasis are based on the use of the crude antigens of , which are good, but with less sensitivity towards the infection. Hence, this study aimed to produce and evaluate monoclonal antibody for detecting soluble parasite antigen in animal sera.

Methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University Putra Malaysia in 2014-2017. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6068379PMC
August 2018
7 Reads
0.870 Impact Factor

Seroprevalence of ToxocaraCanis in Asthmatic Children and its Relation to the Severity of Diseases - a Case-Control Study.

Med Arch 2018 06;72(3):174-177

Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Research institute for Primordial Prevention of Non- communicable Diseases, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Background: Toxocariasis is a common parasitic infectionworldwide even in developed countries. Through this health problem, the immune system is triggered and the antibody is produced, leading to some hypersensitive situations like asthma. In the present study, we tried to show a correlation between Toxocara Canis (T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/medarh.2018.72.174-177DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6021150PMC
June 2018
1 Read

The somatic proteins of Toxocara canis larvae and excretory-secretory products revealed by proteomics.

Vet Parasitol 2018 Aug 26;259:25-34. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Electronic address:

Toxocariasis is a widespread helminth infection of dogs and cats, caused by Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati larvae, respectively. Toxocara spp. can cause zoonotic infections in humans by invading tissues and organs causing pathology. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03044017183025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2018.06.015DOI Listing
August 2018
8 Reads

Detection of Toxocara canis DNA in tissues of experimentally infected mice.

Acta Trop 2018 Nov 24;187:51-56. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPEL), Pelotas, Brazil.

The main etiological agent of toxocariasis is the helminth Toxocara canis. Several difficulties are found in the diagnosis of this disease, because of nonspecific clinical signs and possible cross-reactions that may occur in the available test, the indirect ELISA. Therefore, molecular diagnosis has been indicated as an alternative to conventional diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2018.07.017DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

[Toxocariasis: a possible cause of acute pancreatitis?]

Pan Afr Med J 2018 28;29:180. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

Service de Médecine Interne, Hôpital Militaire de Tunis, Tunisie.

Human toxocariasis is a cosmopolitan parasitic zoonosis caused by Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati which are roundworms of dogs and cats. It is mostly a benign condition. We here report a case of acute pancreatitis secondary to toxocariasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.29.180.9630DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057587PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Multiple zoonotic helminth infections in domestic dogs in a rural area of Khuzestan Province in Iran.

BMC Vet Res 2018 Jul 25;14(1):224. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Echinococcosis and toxocarosis caused by the genus of Echinococcus and Toxocara spp. are among important helminthic diseases worldwide. Limited data on the prevalence of these parasites persuaded us to determine the prevalence of E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-018-1529-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6060460PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

Significant apoptosis rather autophagy predominates in astrocytes caused by Toxocara canis larval excretory-secretory antigens.

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2018 Jul 11. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wuxing St., Taipei 11031, Taiwan; Department of Molecular Parasitology and Tropical Diseases, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wuxing St., Taipei 11031, Taiwan; Research Center of International Tropical Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wuxing St., Taipei 11031, Taiwan; Tropical Medicine Division, International PhD Program in Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wuxing St., Taipei 11031, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: Toxocariasis is a worldwide parasitic zoonosis and mainly caused by Toxocara canis. Humans can be infected by accidental ingestion of T. canis embryonated ova through contacting with contaminated food, water, or encapsulated larvae in paratenic hosts' viscera or meat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmii.2018.06.006DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

Updated evidence of the association between toxocariasis and epilepsy: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 07 20;12(7):e0006665. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

INSERM, U1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Limoges, France.

Objective: To gain further insight on the association between human toxocariasis and epilepsy in light of the new evidence in the last years.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted without date and language restriction in the following electronic databases: MEDLINE (PubMed), Ingenta Connect, Science Direct (Elsevier), RefDoc, Scopus, HighWire, Scielo and the database of the Institute of Neuroepidemiology and Tropical Neurology of the Limoges University (IENT). Two investigators independently conducted the search up to November 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006665DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6070292PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Seroprevalence of in Children from Urban and Rural Areas of Ilam Province, West Iran.

Osong Public Health Res Perspect 2018 Jun;9(3):101-104

Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Ilam university of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Objectives: The present study was performed to determine the seroprevalence of in children ≤ 10 years old, from rural and urban areas of Ilam.

Methods: Serum samples from 383 children ≤ 10 years old, were selected randomly from rural and urban areas of Ilam province and surveyed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.

Results: The total rate of infection with was 22% (31% with a history of contact with dogs and cats, and 14% without a history of contact). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.3.03DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6037396PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Toxocara canis Mimicking a Metastatic Omental Mass from Sigmoid Colon Cancer: A Case Report.

Ann Coloproctol 2018 Jun 30;34(3):160-163. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Department of General Surgery, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea.

Toxocara canis is an important roundworm of canids and a fearsome animal parasite of humans. Human infections can lead to syndromes called visceral larva migrans (VLM), ocular larva migrans, neurotoxocariasis, and covert toxocariasis. VLM is most commonly diagnosed in children younger than 8 years of age, but adult cases are relatively frequent among those infected by ingesting the raw tissue of paratenic hosts in East Asia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3393/ac.2017.12.20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6046541PMC
June 2018
15 Reads

Toxocariasis in Carnivora from Argentinean Patagonia: Species molecular identification, hosts, and geographical distribution.

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2018 Apr 1;7(1):106-110. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Laboratorio de Parasitología, INIBIOMA (CONICET-UNCo), Quintral 1250, 8400, Bariloche, Río Negro, Argentina.

Twenty four specimens of seven species belonging to the families Felidae, Mustelidae, and Canidae were obtained in Lanín and Nahuel Huapi National Parks from March 1996 to April 2016. Specimens were processed by necropsy in order to contribute to the knowledge of toxocariasis in wild carnivores of Argentinean Patagonia. The only and the seven were positive for Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) of the ITS-1 region from larval and adult DNA was carried out to confirm parasite species identification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2018.02.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6032027PMC
April 2018
7 Reads

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Toxocara canis in a human rural population of Southern Rio Grande do Sul.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2018 28;60:e28. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Due to the growing population of pets, especially homeless dogs and cats, zoonoses still represent a significant public health problem. Toxoplasma gondii and Toxocara spp. are epidemiologically important zoonotic agents as they are etiological factors of human toxoplasmosis and toxocariasis, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1678-9946201860028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029849PMC
July 2018
17 Reads

Toxocariasis of the eye.

IDCases 2018 10;12:e3. Epub 2017 Jun 10.

Southwest Hospital/ Southwest Eye Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2017.05.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6010949PMC
June 2017
1 Read

Reactivity of recombinant Toxocara canis TES-30/120 in experimentally infected mice.

Parasite Immunol 2018 Aug;40(8):e12568

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.

Aim: While the use of recombinant antigens is being widely investigated in the diagnosis of human toxocariasis, relatively little attention has been given to animal diagnostic models. For this reason, this study aimed to investigate the diagnosis potential of Toxocara canis TES-30 and TES-120 recombinant antigens in mice, the animal model for toxocariasis studies.

Methods And Results: Serum samples obtained from mice infected with T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pim.12568DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Prolactin as immune cell regulator in somatic larvae chronic infection.

Biosci Rep 2018 08 31;38(4). Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Departamento de Inmunología, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, AP 70228, México D.F. 04510, México

Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease produced by ingestion of larval spp. eggs. Prolactin (PRL) has been considered to have an important role in infection. Read More

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http://bioscirep.org/lookup/doi/10.1042/BSR20180305
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BSR20180305DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6066655PMC
August 2018
8 Reads

Epidemiological, clinical and laboratory features of toxocariasis in school children from Aragua State, Venezuela.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Jun;112(6):255-263

Departamento de Parasitología, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Carabobo Sede Aragua, Maracay, estado Aragua, Venezuela.

Background: Toxocariasis is a widespread zoonosis caused by canine and feline Toxocara spp. In Venezuela, seroepidemiological studies in Aragua State have been carried out only in preschool children. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of anti-Toxocara spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/try051DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Immunochromatographic test for rapid serological diagnosis of human angiostrongyliasis.

Int J Infect Dis 2018 Aug 13;73:69-71. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Objectives: The serological diagnosis of human infection with Angiostrongylus cantonensis remains problematic because there are no commercially available validated tests. Most laboratories use domestically prepared tests such as the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or immunoblotting. Since laboratory facilities are not always available in endemic areas, we developed and assessed a rapid lateral flow immunochromatographic assay (AcQuick Test) to detect anti-A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2018.06.005DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Clinical features of paediatric uveitis at a tertiary referral centre in São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Br J Ophthalmol 2018 Jun 15. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Aims: To analyse the clinical features, systemic associations, treatment and visual outcomes of uveitis in children from a referral centre in São Paulo, Brazil.

Methods: Clinical records of patients under 16 years old who attended the Uveitis Service, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdadede Medicina, Universidade de São PauloFMUSP, between April and September 2017, were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with incomplete medical records, previous ocular trauma, or less than six6 months of follow-up were excluded. Read More

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http://bjo.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-3123
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-312313DOI Listing
June 2018
9 Reads

Toxocariasis: a silent threat with a progressive public health impact.

Infect Dis Poverty 2018 Jun 13;7(1):59. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Loughborough, UK.

Background: Toxocariasis is a neglected parasitic zoonosis that afflicts millions of the pediatric and adolescent populations worldwide, especially in impoverished communities. This disease is caused by infection with the larvae of Toxocara canis and T. cati, the most ubiquitous intestinal nematode parasite in dogs and cats, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40249-018-0437-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5998503PMC
June 2018
4 Reads