738,533 results match your criteria Toxicity Warfarin and Superwarfarins


Can the recycling of europium from contaminated waters be achieved through living macroalgae? Study on accumulation and toxicological impacts under realistic concentrations.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 20;786:147176. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

LAQV-REQUIMTE - Associated Laboratory for Green Chemistry, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal; Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.

Europium (Eu) strategic importance for the manufacturing industry, high economic value and high supply risk, categorizes it as critical raw material. Due to anthropogenic contamination, Eu levels in ecosystems have been growing, which opens opportunities for innovation: its recovery and recycling from contaminated water as element source - circular economy. In this pioneering study, six widely available living marine macroalgae (Ulva intestinalis, Ulva lactuca, Gracilaria sp. Read More

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VDAC1 as a target in cisplatin anti-tumor activity through promoting mitochondria fusion.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 May 7;560:52-58. Epub 2021 May 7.

Key Laboratory of Molecular Epidemiology of Hunan Province, School of Medicine, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410081, PR China. Electronic address:

Cisplatin is one of the most effective anti-cancer drugs, but its efficacy is limited by the development of resistance. Previous studies have shown that mitochondria play critical roles in cisplatin cytotoxicity, however, the exact mechanism of mitochondria involved in cisplatin sensitivity has not been clarified. In this study, cisplatin triggered mitochondrial oxidative stress and the decrease of mitochondria membrane potential in human cervical cancer cells. Read More

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Effects of organic loading rate and hydraulic retention time on bioaugmentation performance to tackle ammonia inhibition in anaerobic digestion.

Bioresour Technol 2021 Apr 30;334:125246. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Hydraulics, Soil Science and Agricultural Engineering, School of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki GR-54124, Greece. Electronic address:

Three continuously stirred-tank reactors fed with manure operating under high ammonia levels (5.0 g NH-N L) and with increased organic loading rate (OLR), (2.09 R1, 3. Read More

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Pyridine-containing octadentate ligand NE3TA-PY for formation of neutral complex with Lu(III) and Y(III) for radiopharmaceutical applications: Synthesis, DFT calculation, radiolabeling, and in vitro complex stability.

J Inorg Biochem 2021 Apr 24;221:111436. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Chemistry, Lewis College of Science and Letters, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL, United States of America.

Targeted radionuclide therapy is a developing therapeutic modality for cancer and employs a cytotoxic radionuclide bound to a chelating agent and a bioactive molecule with high binding affinity for a specific biomarker in tumors. An optimal chelator is one of the critical components to control therapeutic efficacy and toxicity of targeted radionuclide therapy. We designed a new octadentate ligand NE3TA-PY (7-[2-[(carboxymethyl)(2-pyridylmethyl)amino]ethyl]-1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4-diacetic acid) for β-particle-emitting Lu and Y with targeted radionuclide therapy applications. Read More

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Phytotoxicity test in check: Proposition of methodology for comparison of different method adaptations usually used worldwide.

J Environ Manage 2021 May 7;291:112698. Epub 2021 May 7.

Engineering Center, Federal University of Pelotas, 989 Benjamin Constant Street, Pelotas/RS, 96010-020, Brazil.

Seed germination tests have been widely used in recent years to indicate the toxicity levels of samples of organic compounds, biosolids, residues and effluents. Lactuca sativa L, commonly known as lettuce, has been one of the main indicative species for these tests due to its high sensitivity to low levels of toxicity, when compared to other seeds and also because it is cultivated worldwide. Although this type of analysis or essay is being widely used, it is necessary to reflect on the various adaptations of methods used by different researchers worldwide. Read More

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Acid mine drainage and sewage impacted groundwater treatment by membrane distillation: Organic micropollutant and metal removal and membrane fouling.

J Environ Manage 2021 May 7;291:112708. Epub 2021 May 7.

Strategic Water Infrastructure Laboratory, School of Civil, Mining and Environmental Engineering, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, 2522, Australia. Electronic address:

Groundwater is the dominant source of freshwater in many countries around the globe, and the deterioration in its quality by contaminants originating from anthropogenic sources raises serious concern. In this study, a scenario where groundwater is contaminated by acid mine drainage (AMD) from mining activities and/or sewage was envisaged, and the performance of a direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) system was investigated comprehensively for different compositions of the AMD- and sewage-impacted groundwater. Regardless of the composition, MD membrane achieved 98-100% removal of metals and bulk organics, while the removal of the selected micropollutants ranged between 80 and 100%. Read More

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Toxicity of synthetic Endocrine Disrupting Compounds on meiofauna: Estradiol benzoate as a case study.

Environ Pollut 2021 May 4;286:117300. Epub 2021 May 4.

University of Carthage, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, LR01ES14 Laboratory of Biomonitoring of the Environment, 7021, Zarzouna, Tunisia. Electronic address:

An experimental study was carried out to determine the effects of the enrichment of sediments by endocrine perturbators on free-living nematodes from the Ghar El Melh lagoon, Tunisia. For 30 days, four concentrations of Estradiol Benzoate (hereafter EB) (0.43, 4. Read More

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Transgenerational effects of selenomethionine on behaviour, social cognition, and the expression of genes in the serotonergic pathway in zebrafish.

Environ Pollut 2021 May 3;286:117289. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, 112 Science Place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5E2, Canada; Toxicology Centre, University of Saskatchewan, 44 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5B3, Canada.

Elevated levels of contaminants from human activities have become a major threat to animals, particularly within aquatic ecosystems. Selenium (Se) is a naturally occurring element with a narrow range of safe intake, but excessive Se has toxicological effects, as it can bioaccumulate and cause cognitive and behavioural impairments. In this study, we investigated whether exposure to Se would also have transgenerational effects, causing changes in the descendants of exposed individuals. Read More

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Cytotoxic effects of wildfire ashes: In-vitro responses of skin cells.

Environ Pollut 2021 Apr 30;285:117279. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

CESAM (Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies), University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal; Department of Environment and Planning, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.

Wildfires are a complex environmental problem worldwide. The ashes produced during the fire bear metals and PAHs with high toxicity and environmental persistence. These are mobilized into downhill waterbodies, where they can impair water quality and human health. Read More

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A rapid antimicrobial photodynamic water treatment strategy utilizing a xanthene dye with subsequent removal by Goethite Nanoparticles.

Chemosphere 2021 May 3;280:130764. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Life Sciences, Institute of Technology Sligo, Sligo, Ireland. Electronic address:

Although widely accepted as a water sterilisation technique, chlorination results in the production of potentially harmful by-products, mainly Trihalomethanes. Furthermore, the chlorination process requires specialised infrastructure, management and high costs. In this research paper a potential alternative sterilisation technique was investigated. Read More

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Portulaca oleracea L. for phytoremediation and biomonitoring in metal-contaminated environments.

Chemosphere 2021 May 3;280:130784. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Bioenvironmental Energy, College of Natural Resource and Life Science, Pusan National University, Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, 50463, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

In phytoremediation and biomonitoring, plants are used to clean and monitor contaminated environments, respectively. Thus, scientists are searching for ideal plants, i.e. Read More

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Comparison of the effects of large-grained and nano-sized biochar, ferrihydrite, and complexes thereof on Cd and As in a contaminated soil-plant system.

Chemosphere 2021 Apr 30;280:130731. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

College of Natural Resources and Environment, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China; College of Resource and Environmental Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Ganzhou, Jiangxi, 341000, China.

Cd and As are difficult to co-remediate in co-contaminated soils. In this study, remediation materials comprising large-grained and nano-sized biochar (BC), ferrihydrite (FH), and complexes thereof were added to Cd- and As-contaminated soil. The uptake of Cd and As by pak choi (Brassica chinensis L. Read More

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Novel Japanese encephalitis virus NS1-based vaccine: Truncated NS1 fused with E. coli heat labile enterotoxin B subunit.

EBioMedicine 2021 May 7;67:103353. Epub 2021 May 7.

Institute of Pathogenic Microorganism and College of Bioscience and Engineering, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. Electronic address:

Background: Current vaccines against Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) of flaviviruses have some disadvantages, such as the risk of virulent reversion. Non-structural protein NS1 is conserved among flaviviruses and confers immune protection without the risk of antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE). Therefore, NS1 has become a promising vaccine candidate against flaviviruses. Read More

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Use of extended-release and immediate-release anti-seizure medications with a long half-life to improve adherence in epilepsy: A guide for clinicians.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 May 7;120:107993. Epub 2021 May 7.

The Children's Hospital at TriStar Centennial, Nashville, TN, USA.

Poor adherence to anti-seizure medications (ASMs) is associated with breakthrough seizures and potentially increased toxicity in patients with epilepsy. Extended-release (ER) drugs and immediate-release (IR) drugs with a long half-life (t) that permit once-daily dosing (such as, perampanel, zonisamide, lamotrigine [IR, ER] and topiramate [ER]) have a number of advantages over short t ASMs that require multiple daily dosing. These advantages include simplification of dosing regimens, reduction in pill burden, and a decrease in the peak-to-trough fluctuations in serum drug concentration that may be associated with a decreased risk of adverse effects and seizures. Read More

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Caffeine disrupts ataxia telangiectasia mutated gene-related pathways and exacerbates acetaminophen toxicity in human fetal immortalized hepatocytes.

Toxicology 2021 May 7:152811. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Medicine, USA; Marion Bessin Liver Research Center, USA; Department of Pathology, USA; Diabetes Center, USA; Fleischer Institute for Diabetes and Metabolism, USA; Irwin S. and Sylvia Chanin Institute for Cancer Research, USA; Ruth L. and David S. Gottesman Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Research, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Preterm infants are at greater risk for adverse drug effects due to hepatic immaturity. Multiple interventions during intensive care increases potential for drug interactions. In this setting, high-dose caffeine used for apnea in premature infants may increase acetaminophen toxicity by inhibiting ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene activity during DNA damage response. Read More

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Safety assessment of phytase transgenic maize 11TPY001 by 90-day feeding study in rats.

Food Chem Toxicol 2021 May 7:112254. Epub 2021 May 7.

NHC Key Laboratory of Food Safety Assessment, Chinese Academy of Medical Science Research Unit (2019RU014), China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100021, China. Electronic address:

11TPY001 is a transgenic maize that expresses the Aspergillus niger phyA2 gene which could significantly improve phosphorus bioavailability in monogastric animals. The present study was conducted to investigate the potential health effects of phytase transgenic maize 11TPY001 through a 90-day subchronic rodent feeding study. Maize grains from 11TPY001 or its parental counterpart maize OSL963 were incorporated into rodent diets at 12. Read More

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Advantages and disadvantages of disulfiram coadministered with popular addictive substances.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 May 7:174143. Epub 2021 May 7.

Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, 01-163 Warsaw, Poland; Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Centre for Preclinical Research (CBP), Medical University of Warsaw, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland.

Disulfiram (DSF) is a well-known anti-alcohol agent that inhibits aldehyde dehydrogenase and results in extreme 'hangover' symptoms when consumed with alcohol. This drug, however, has been suggested as useful in other forms of drug addiction due to its beneficial potential in both drug abuse reduction and withdrawal. However, among other drugs used in alcohol dependence, it carries the greatest risk of pharmacological interactions. Read More

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F-fluciclovine-PET/CT imaging versus conventional imaging alone to guide postprostatectomy salvage radiotherapy for prostate cancer (EMPIRE-1): a single centre, open-label, phase 2/3 randomised controlled trial.

Lancet 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta GA, USA.

Background: Molecular imaging is increasingly used to guide treatment decisions and planning in prostate cancer. We aimed to evaluate the role of F-fluciclovine-PET/CT in improving cancer control compared with conventional imaging (bone scan and either CT or MRI) alone for salvage postprostatectomy radiotherapy.

Methods: In EMPIRE-1, a single-centre, open-label, phase 2/3 randomised controlled trial, patients with prostate cancer with detectable PSA after prostatectomy and negative conventional imaging (no extrapelvic or bone findings) were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to radiotherapy directed by conventional imaging alone or to conventional imaging plus F-fluciclovine-PET/CT. Read More

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A two-component monooxygenase for continuous denitration and dechlorination of chlorinated 4-nitrophenol in Ensifer sp. strain 22-1.

Environ Res 2021 May 7:111216. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Microbiology, Key Lab of Environmental Microbiology for Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, 210095, Nanjing, China; Jiangsu Key Lab for Solid Organic Waste Utilization, 210095, Nanjing, China.

The environmental fates of chlorinated 4-nitrophenols, 2,6-dichloro-4-nitrophenol (2,6-DCNP) and 2-chloro-4-nitrophenol (2C4NP), mediated via microbial catabolism have attracted great attention due to their high toxicity and persistence in the environment. In this study, a strain of Ensifer sp. 22-1 that was capable of degrading both 2,6-DCNP and 2C4NP was isolated from a halogenated aromatic-contaminated soil sample. Read More

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Photocatalytic inactivation and destruction of harmful microalgae Karenia mikimotoi under visible-light irradiation: Insights into physiological response and toxicity assessment.

Environ Res 2021 May 7:111295. Epub 2021 May 7.

Guangdong Key Laboratory of Environmental Catalysis and Health Risk Control, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Joint Laboratory for Contaminants Exposure and Health, Institute of Environmental Health and Pollution Control, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China; Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Environmental Catalysis and Pollution Control, Key Laboratory of City Cluster Environmental Safety and Green Development, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China. Electronic address:

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) caused by Karenia mikimotoi have frequently happened in coastal waters worldwide, causing serious damages to marine ecosystems and economic losses. Photocatalysis has potential to in-situ inhibit algal growth using sustainable sunlight. However, the inactivation and detoxification mechanisms of microalgae in marine environment have not been systematically investigated. Read More

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Stabilization of Nrf2 leading to HO-1 activation protects against zinc oxide nanoparticles-induced endothelial cell death.

Nanotoxicology 2021 May 10:1-19. Epub 2021 May 10.

Institute of Life Sciences, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China.

With the abundant production and wide application of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs), the potential health risks of ZnONPs have raised serious concerns. Oxidative stress is recognized as the most important outcome of the toxicity induced by ZnONPs. The Nrf2-Keap1 system and its downstream antioxidative genes are the fundamental protective mechanisms for redox hemeostasis. Read More

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Cryopreservation Studies on Silver Carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) Embryos.

Cryo Letters 2021 May-Jun;42(3):178-187

3Department of Animal and Fish Production, College of Agricultural and Food Sciences, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background: Cryopreservation is an effective tool for the preservation of live biological materials.

Objective: This study examined the suitability of cryopreservation protocols and the effectiveness of ultrasound for silver carp embryos.

Materials And Methods: Embryos at three developmental stages were exposed to 10, 15, 20, and 25% of five cryoprotectants (CPAs), namely propylene glycol (PG), dimethylformamide (DFA), DMSO, MeOH, and ethylene glycol (EG) for 20 min. Read More

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Effect of Mouse Ovarian Vitrification on Promoter Methylation of Inhba and Inhbb in Granulosa Cells of Follicles.

Cryo Letters 2021 Mar-Apr;42(2):67-72

School of Biology, Damghan University, Damghan; Institute of Biological Sciences, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran.

Background: Cryopreservation can induce cellular, genomic, and epigenetic abnormalities.

Objective: To analyse the impact of ovarian vitrification on follicular development and its epigenetic effect on promoter methylation of Inhba and Inhbb in granulosa cells.

Materials And Methods: Mouse ovaries were divided into control, toxicity, and vitrified groups. Read More

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Long-term outcome of 177Lu-PSMA-617 radioligand therapy in heavily pre-treated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(5):e0251375. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Thyroid Clinic, AIIMS, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India.

Objective: Investigators have extensively explored the short-term safety and efficacy data on 177Lu-PSMA-617 radioligand therapy (RLT) in mCRPC patients. However, scarce literature is reported on the long-term outcome of these patients. The current goal of this study is focused on the long-term outcome of mCRPC patients treated with 177Lu-PSMA-617 RLT. Read More

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Embryotoxic effects of Rovral® for early chicken () development.

J Toxicol Environ Health A 2021 May 10:1-17. Epub 2021 May 10.

Instituto Latino-Americano de Ciências da Vida e da Natureza, Universidade Federal Da Integração Latino-Americana (UNILA), Foz Do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil.

Rovral® is a fungicide used to control pests that affect various crops and little is known regarding its effects on embryonic development of amniotes. Thus, this study aimed to determine the influence of Rovral® during chicken organogenesis using acute contamination. Fertilized eggs were inoculated with different concentrations of Rovral® (100, 300, 500 or 750 µl/ml), injected into the egg's air chamber. Read More

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Design, synthesis, structural and molecular characterization, toxicity, psychotropic activity and molecular docking evaluation of a novel phenytoin derivative: 3-decyl-5,5-diphenylimidazolidine-2,4-dione.

J Biomol Struct Dyn 2021 May 10:1-18. Epub 2021 May 10.

Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Drug Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Rabat, Morocco.

The hydantoin scaffold is of substantial importance and it is commonly used in drug discovery. Herein, we report the synthesis of a novel phenytoine (a hydantoin derivative) with high yield by the reaction of phenytoin with 1-bromodecyl agent. Namely, 3-decyl-5,5- diphenylimidazolidine-2,4-dione (3DDID). Read More

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Cohort profile: Four early uranium processing facilities in the US and Canada.

Int J Radiat Biol 2021 May 10:1-33. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, U.S.A.

Purpose: Risks of occupational radiation exposures of workers involved in uranium refining and processing ("") may be different from risks of other workers from the nuclear fuel cycle. Pooling of individual-level data from published studies and analysis using similar dosimetry and statistical methods might provide valuable insights into risks from occupational uranium and external ionizing radiation exposures.

Methods: We pooled the data for workers from four uranium processing facilities (Fernald Feed Materials Production Center, Ohio; Mallinckrodt Chemical Works Uranium Division, Missouri; Middlesex Sampling Plant, New Jersey; and the Port Hope Radium and Uranium Refining and Processing Plant, Canada). Read More

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Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors: a recent update on inhibitor design and clinical trials (2016-2020).

Expert Opin Ther Pat 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

DSC 362, Department of Chemistry, The University of Nebraska at Omaha, 6001 Dodge Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68182, USA.

Introduction: The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase-B/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/AKT/mTOR) signaling pathway plays a central role in regulating cell growth and proliferation and thus have been considered as effective anticancer drug targets. Many PI3K inhibitors have been developed and progressed to various stages of clinical trials and some even have been approved in recent years by the regulatory agency as anticancer treatment. In this review, we discuss the drug design and clinical development of PI3K inhibitors in the past four years. Read More

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Accessing Targeted Therapies: A Potential Roadblock to Implementing Precision Oncology?

JCO Oncol Pract 2021 May 10:OP2000927. Epub 2021 May 10.

Division on Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX.

Purpose: Advances in genomic techniques have led to increased use of next-generation sequencing (NGS). We evaluated the extent to which these tests guide treatment decisions.

Methods: We developed and distributed a survey assessing NGS use and outcomes to a survey pool of ASCO members. Read More

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Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of No Adjuvant Therapy Versus Partial Breast Irradiation Alone Versus Combined Treatment for Treatment of Low-Risk DCIS: A Microsimulation.

JCO Oncol Pract 2021 May 10:OP2000992. Epub 2021 May 10.

Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.

Purpose: Adjuvant therapy in patients with ductal carcinoma in situ who undergo partial mastectomy remains controversial, particularly for low-risk patients (60 years or older, estrogen-positive, tumor extent < 2.5 cm, grade 1 or 2, and margins ≥ 3 mm). We performed a cost-effectiveness analysis comparing three strategies: no adjuvant treatment after surgery, a five-fraction course of accelerated partial breast irradiation using intensity-modulated radiation therapy (accelerated partial breast irradiation [APBI]-alone), or APBI plus an aromatase inhibitor for 5 years. Read More

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