480 results match your criteria Toxicity Thallium


Microbial insights into the biogeochemical features of thallium occurrence: A case study from polluted river sediments.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 5;739:139957. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Institute of Environmental Research at Greater Bay, Key Laboratory of Water Quality and Conservation in the Pearl River Delta, Ministry of Education, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Radionuclides Pollution Control and Resources, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China.

Thallium (Tl) is a trace element with extreme toxicity. Widespread Tl pollution in riverine systems, mainly due to escalating mining and smelting activities of Tl-bearing sulfide minerals, has attracted increasing attention. Insights into the function of the microbial communities with advanced characterization tools are critical for understanding the biogeochemical cycle of Tl. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139957DOI Listing

Thallium Toxicity in Caenorhabditis elegans: Involvement of the SKN-1 Pathway and Protection by S-Allylcysteine.

Neurotox Res 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Laboratorio de Aminoácidos Excitadores, Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía, Insurgentes Sur 3877, 14269, Mexico City, Mexico.

Monovalent thallium (Tl) is a cation that can exert complex neurotoxic patterns in the brain by mechanisms that have yet to be completely characterized. To learn more about Tl toxicity, it is necessary to investigate its major effects in vivo and its ability to trigger specific signaling pathways (such as the antioxidant SKN-1 pathway) in different biological models. Caenorhabditis elegans (C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12640-020-00220-1DOI Listing

White-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) and great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) nestlings as spatial sentinels of Baltic acidic sulphate soil associated metal contamination.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 19;718:137424. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland.

Sulphate soils, characterised by low pH conditions, are found worldwide, and are potentially large sources of metal contamination, often exceeding industrial emissions. Metal leaching from sulphate soils has been shown to be harmful to aquatic organisms, but the cascading effect on exposure in apex avian predators has not been studied earlier. With the present study we aimed at evaluating the potential of white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) and great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) nestlings, collected from nests located either in sulphate soil or control areas, for monitoring spatial contaminant trends of metals typically associated with sulphate soils. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137424DOI Listing

Evaluating health risk indicators for PTE exposure in the food chain: evidence from a thallium mine area.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Apr 15. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Shale Gas Resource Exploitation, Xiangtan, 411201, China.

Thallium (Tl) has a high relative toxicity and is easily taken up by plants, but little is known about wider relationship with co-contaminants and in typical domestic food crops. We evaluated the extent of contamination, evidence for bioaccumulation in typical food crops (Chinese cabbage, green cabbage, chili, carrot, corn and rice), and subsequent contribution to health risks for 7 elements (Tl, As, Cd, Pb, Ni, Cu, Zn) associated with soil contamination in the local soils of a major Tl mine in Guizhou, southwest China. Derivation of relevant risk indicators from the bioconcentration factor (BCF), comprehensive crop pollution index (P), the target hazard quotient (THQ) (element), and the hazard index (HI) (all elements) were assessed as tools to support the evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-08733-0DOI Listing

[Adverse maternal and infant health effects caused by thallium exposure during pregnancy].

Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Mar;54(3):332-336

Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health/MOE Key Laboratory of Population Health Across Life Cycle/NHC Key Laboratory of Study on Abnormal Gametes and Reproductive Tract/Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Population Health and Aristogenics, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China.

Thallium is a highly toxic heavy metal. The adverse maternal and infant health effects caused by thallium exposure during pregnancy have also attracted more and more scholars' attention. This study focused on the sources of thallium exposure and its influencing factors, the association between thallium exposure during pregnancy and pregnancy complications and adverse birth outcomes in newborns, the effects of thallium exposure during pregnancy on children's growth and development after birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-9624.2020.03.017DOI Listing

Adsorptive removal of trace thallium(I) from wastewater: A review and new perspectives.

J Hazard Mater 2020 07 22;393:122378. Epub 2020 Feb 22.

School of Metallurgical Engineering, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan, 243032, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Advanced Special Steel, Shanghai University, Shanghai, 200444, PR China. Electronic address:

Thallium is an emerging pollutant reported in wastewater along with the increasing mining and smelting of thallium-containing ores in recent years. The complete removal of Tl(I) from wastewater is of significant emergency due to its high toxicity and mobility, however, Tl(I) removal is always confronted with numerous technical difficulties because of the extremely low Tl(I) concentration in wastewater and the disturbances of many accompanying impurity ions. Adsorption is currently the most widely used method for Tl(I) removal on industrial scale and varied kinds of adsorbents such as Prussian blue analogues, biosorbents, and metal oxides have been developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.122378DOI Listing

Effects and mechanisms of mineral amendment on thallium mobility in highly contaminated soils.

J Environ Manage 2020 May 22;262:110251. Epub 2020 Feb 22.

Institute of Environmental Research at Greater Bay, Key Laboratory of Water Quality and Conservation in the Pearl River Delta, Ministry of Education, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China.

Thallium (Tl) is an extremely toxic element, whose toxicity is even higher than mercury, arsenic, and cadmium. It is of great significance to hinder the migration and transfer of Tl from soils to the plants. A synthetic mineral amendment (SMA), mainly composed of different silicates, was evaluated for its effects on the transformation and retention of Tl in two typical highly Tl-contaminated soils from Southwest China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110251DOI Listing

Removal of thallium(I) from aqueous solutions using titanate nanomaterials: The performance and the influence of morphology.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 3;717:137090. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Key Laboratory for Water Quality and Conservation of the Pearl River Delta, Ministry of Education, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China. Electronic address:

Thallium (Tl) pollution has attracted environmental attention due to its high toxicity, thus the cleanup of Tl from the environment is of significance. Titanate nanomaterials (TNMs) with different morphologies can be synthesized via a hydrothermal reaction under different conditions but the knowledge of the Tl(I) removal by them is limited. Our results indicated that TNM prepared at 130 °C exhibited a nanotubular appearance and a longer reaction time resulted in the formation of perfect nanotube, while that prepared at 180 °C exhibited a nanowire-like arrangement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137090DOI Listing

Prenatal serum thallium exposure and 36-month-old children's attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms: Ma'anshan birth cohort study.

Chemosphere 2020 Apr 5;244:125499. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China; Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Population Health & Aristogenics, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Thallium (Tl) is a highly toxic heavy metal that has been suggested to be responsible for oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. However, few studies have focused on the relationship of prenatal Tl exposure with children's neurobehavioural development. The purpose of our study was to investigate the association between prenatal Tl exposure and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in 36-month-old children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125499DOI Listing

Repeated measures of prenatal thallium exposure and placental inflammatory cytokine mRNA expression: The Ma'anshan birth cohort (MABC) study.

Chemosphere 2020 May 26;246:125721. Epub 2019 Dec 26.

Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China; Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Population Health & Aristogenics, Hefei, China. Electronic address:

Thallium (Tl), a ubiquitous environmental toxicant, can cross the placental barrier during pregnancy. However, the effects of prenatal Tl exposure on placental function are currently unclear. Based on the Ma'anshan Birth Cohort study, we examined whether long-term prenatal Tl exposure was associated with placental inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125721DOI Listing

Thallium exposure at low concentration leads to early damage on multiple organs in children: A case study followed-up for four years.

Environ Pollut 2020 Mar 21;258:113319. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Center of Laboratory Medicine, Chongqing Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases, Chongqing, People's Republic of China; Key Laboratory of Biorheological Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Bioengineering College of Chongqing University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Thallium (TI) is one of the most toxic heavy metals and priority pollutant metals. The emerging TI environmental pollution worldwide has posed a great threat to human health. However, based on the World Health Organization (WHO), the risk and severity of adverse health effects of TI in the range of 5-500 μg/L are uncertain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113319DOI Listing

Thallium toxicity due to audultered infusion with thallium sulfate in eight members belonging to the same family nucleus: Autopsy findings and ICP-MS analysis (inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry) in a triple homicide.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2020 Feb 11;42:101661. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Laboratorio di Istopatologia Forense e Microbiologia Medico Legale, Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Luigi Mangiagalli, 37, 20133 Milano, Italy. Electronic address:

The banning of the heavy metal thallium (Tl) in many Countries, because of its toxicity, led to a remarkable reduction of the number of cases of poisoning both accidental and homicidal forcing us to better study the pharmacokinetics of this poison using new technologies. The Authors, in this work, are reporting the case of a collective thallium toxicosis caused by voluntary adulteration of an infusion with thallium sulfate, occurred in 8 members of the same familial nucleus; the administration of Prussian Blu resulted to be ineffective for 3 of these members that died at a later time. The most peculiar aspects of this rare manner of poisoning are discussed; the analytical procedures used, Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) in particular, resulted to be fundamental in the forensic diagnosis process of acute poisoning cause by thallium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.legalmed.2019.101661DOI Listing
February 2020

Types of pesticides involved in domestic and wild animal poisoning in Italy.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Mar 15;707:136129. Epub 2019 Dec 15.

Department of Veterinary Medicine (DIMEVET), Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 10, 20133 Milan, Italy.

Data obtained from samples of poisoned domestic and wild animals sent for toxicological evaluation during the period between 2005 and 2014 have been analyzed. Among the 4606 tested samples, the majority of which were collected in the northern regions of Italy, 2006 (43.55%) were found positive for pesticides. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.136129DOI Listing

Hyperaccumulation and transport mechanism of thallium and arsenic in brake ferns (Pteris vittata L.): A case study from mining area.

J Hazard Mater 2020 04 25;388:121756. Epub 2019 Nov 25.

Institute of Environmental Research at Greater Bay, Key Laboratory of Water Quality and Conservation in the Pearl River Delta, Ministry of Education, and School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University, 510006 Guangzhou, China; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Radionuclides Pollution Control and Resources, 510006 Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Both thallium (Tl) and arsenic (As) bear severe toxicity. Brake fern (Pteris vittata L.) is well-known for its hyperaccumulation capacity of As, yet its role on Tl accumulation remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121756DOI Listing

Toxicity of Thallium at Low Doses: A Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 11 27;16(23). Epub 2019 Nov 27.

National Research Council of Italy, C.N.R., Institute of Chemistry of Organo Metallic Compounds-ICCOM, 56124 Pisa, Italy.

A mini review of the toxicity of Thallium (Tl) at low doses is herein presented. Thallium has severe toxicity. Although its acute biological effects have been widely investigated and are well known, its biological effects on human health and in cell cultures at low doses (<100 μg/L) due, for example, to Tl chronic exposure via consumption of contaminated water or foods, have often been overlooked or underestimated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16234732DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6926957PMC
November 2019

Thallium contamination, health risk assessment and source apportionment in common vegetables.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Feb 18;703:135547. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

Institute of Environmental Research at Greater Bay, Key Laboratory of Water Quality and Conservation in the Pearl River Delta, Ministry of Education, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Radionuclides Pollution Control and Resources, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University, 510006 Guangzhou, China.

As an element with well-known toxicity, excessive thallium (Tl) in farmland soils, may threaten food security and induce extreme risks to human health. Identification of key contamination sources is prerequisite for remediation technologies. This study aims to examine the contamination level, health risks and source apportionment of Tl in common vegetables from typical farmlands distributed over a densely populated residential area in a pyrite mine city, which has been exploiting Tl-bearing pyrite minerals over 50 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135547DOI Listing
February 2020

Study on adsorption properties and mechanism of thallium onto titanium‑iron magnetic adsorbent.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Dec 27;694:133625. Epub 2019 Jul 27.

Guangdong key laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health, School of Environment, Jinan University, Guangzhou 511443, China. Electronic address:

Thallium (Tl) contamination caused by the industrial wastewater leakage has become a serious environmental problem due to thallium's high toxicity. In this study, a novel titanium‑iron magnetic nano-sized adsorbent was synthesized and applied for the effective removal of thallium(I). The physicochemical properties of the adsorbent were investigated by a series of techniques such as scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133625DOI Listing
December 2019

The continuous physiological changes of zebrafish (Danio rerio) based on metabolism under controlled thallium stress.

Chemosphere 2020 Feb 26;240:124974. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

Institute of Environment and Ecology, Shandong Normal University, Ji'nan, 250014, PR China. Electronic address:

In this research, the continuous physiological changes of zebrafish (Danio rerio) in 0.1 μg/L thallium (Tl) in 15 days were investigated. The results showed that Tl(I) stress had a significant positive linear correlation with zebrafish ammonia nitrogen excretion (ANE) (p < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124974DOI Listing
February 2020
3.340 Impact Factor

Involvement of the Nrf2-Keap1 signaling pathway in protection against thallium-induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in primary hippocampal neurons.

Toxicol Lett 2020 Feb 11;319:66-73. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

State Key Laboratory of Toxicology and Medical Countermeasures, Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100850, China. Electronic address:

Thallium ion (Tl) and its neurotoxic products are widely known to cause severe neurological complications. However, the exact mechanism of action remains unknown, with limited therapeutic options available. This study aims to examine the toxic effects of Thallium (I) Nitrate (TlNO) on primary hippocampal neurons of E17-E18 Wistar rat embryos, and the potential neuroprotective role of Nrf2- Keap1 signaling pathway against thallium-induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2019.11.008DOI Listing
February 2020
3.262 Impact Factor

Microbial diversity response in thallium polluted riverbank soils of the Lanmuchang.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2020 Jan 31;187:109854. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Department of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan.

Thallium (Tl) is a toxic element, but little is known about microbial communities' response to TI mobilization and sequestration. Here, we characterize the microbial communities and their feedbacks to Tl-pollution in riverbank soils to understand the distribution of microbial metal tolerance. These soils have been affected by pollution sourced from a Tl-rich mineralized area in Lanmuchang, Guizhou, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.109854DOI Listing
January 2020
2.762 Impact Factor

Thallium isotopic fractionation in industrial process of pyrite smelting and environmental implications.

J Hazard Mater 2020 02 4;384:121378. Epub 2019 Oct 4.

Institute of Environmental Research at Greater Bay, Key Laboratory of Water Quality and Conservation in the Pearl River Delta, Ministry of Education, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, 510006, China. Electronic address:

Thallium (Tl) is typical rare element with severe toxicity comparable to Hg and Pb. To track Tl pollution, isotopic fractionation of Tl was evaluated during pyrite smelting for sulfuric acid production. Large variations in Tl isotope compositions were observed among the pyrite ore (PO) and its four different smelting wastes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121378DOI Listing
February 2020
1 Read

Removal of thallium from environmental samples using a raw and chemically modified biosorbent derived from domestic wastes.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Nov 9;26(31):32285-32297. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Research and Development (QUIANID), Interdisciplinary Institute of Basic Sciences (ICB), UNCUYO-CONICET, Faculty of Natural and Exact Sciences, National University of Cuyo, Padre Contreras 1300 (5500), Mendoza, Argentina.

Because of its high toxicity, thallium (Tl) causes environmental pollution even at very low concentrations. Despite its extremely high environmental risk, limited information about Tl removal from water is present on the literature. This work focused on the use of an eco-friendly and low-cost Ilex paraguariensis (yerba mate) biowaste to remove Tl from environmental water samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-06442-xDOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Spatial Distribution and Health Risk Assessment of Potentially Toxic Elements in Surface Soils of Bosten Lake Basin, Central Asia.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 10 4;16(19). Epub 2019 Oct 4.

State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China.

A geographically weighted regression and classical linear model were applied to quantitatively reveal the factors influencing the spatial distribution of potentially toxic elements of forty-eight surface soils from Bosten Lake basin in Central Asia. At the basin scale, the spatial distribution of the majority of potentially toxic elements, including: cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), thallium (Tl), vanadium (V), and zinc (Zn), had been significantly influenced by the geochemical characteristics of the soil parent material. However, the arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), antimony (Sb), and mercury (Hg) have been influenced by the total organic matter in soils. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193741DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6801520PMC
October 2019
1 Read

Hazardous waste characterization implications of updating the toxicity characteristic list.

J Hazard Mater 2020 02 7;383:121171. Epub 2019 Sep 7.

Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences, University of Florida, PO Box 116450, Gainesville, FL, 32611- 6450, USA. Electronic address:

In the US, the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) determines if a waste is toxicity characteristic (TC) hazardous based on leached concentrations of specific chemicals. The TC limits were originally derived from drinking water standards (DWS) adjusted by a dilution attenuation factor of 100. The TC limits have not been updated along with DWS revisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121171DOI Listing
February 2020
2 Reads

High contamination risks of thallium and associated metal(loid)s in fluvial sediments from a steel-making area and implications for environmental management.

J Environ Manage 2019 Nov 11;250:109513. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Institute of Environmental Research At Greater Bay, Innovation Center and Key Laboratory of Water Quality and Conservation in the Pearl River Delta, Ministry of Education, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, 510006, China.

Thallium (Tl) is an uncommon toxic element, with an even greater toxicity than that of As, Hg and Cd. Steel-making industry has been identified as an emerging new significant source of Tl contamination in China. This paper presents a pilot investigation of the contamination and geochemical transfer of Tl and associated metal(loid)s in river sediments affected by long-term waste discharge from the steel-making industry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109513DOI Listing
November 2019
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Potential effects of internal physio-ecological changes on the online biomonitoring of water quality: The behavior responses with circadian rhythms of zebrafish (Danio rerio) to different chemicals.

Chemosphere 2020 Jan 4;239:124752. Epub 2019 Sep 4.

Institute of Environment and Ecology, Shandong Normal University, Ji'nan, 250014, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

The online biomonitoring of aquatic accidental pollution is very important to realize the assessment of complex toxicity. However, the monitoring results would be affected greatly by the internal physio-ecological changes of test organisms, and circadian rhythms might contribute greatly to this kind of effects. In the present study, the behavior responses of zebrafish (Danio rerio) to different concentrations of Deltamethrin, Atrazine, and Thallium (Tl) in 15 days were investigated using an online behavior monitoring system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124752DOI Listing
January 2020
3.340 Impact Factor

Removal of thallium in water/wastewater: A review.

Water Res 2019 Nov 15;165:114981. Epub 2019 Aug 15.

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, 410004, China; Department of Biology, Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, NM, 88130, USA. Electronic address:

The frequent occurrence of thallium (Tl) in surface water has led to the imposition of strict environmental regulations. The need for an overview of effective and feasible technology to remove Tl from water/wastewater has therefore become urgently. This review introduced the current available methods for Tl removal, including adsorption, oxidation-reduction precipitation, solvent extraction and ion exchange processes, and summarized their advantages and disadvantages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2019.114981DOI Listing
November 2019
4 Reads

Bacteriophage MS2 As a Tool for Targeted Delivery in Solid Tumor Chemotherapy.

Acta Naturae 2019 Apr-Jun;11(2):98-101

Biotechnologiya, Ltd., Efremova Str. 20, Moscow, 119048, Russia.

Bacteriophage MS2 was employed for targeted delivery of an apoptosis-inducing agent, Tl+, into a tumor tissue. The targeted delivery was ensured by iRGD peptide, a ligand of integrins presumably located on the surface of endotheliocytes of the tumor tissue neovasculature and certain tumor cells. The synthesized peptide was conjugated to MS2 capsid proteins. Read More

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http://www.actanaturae.ru/attachment.aspx?id=4265
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http://dx.doi.org/10.32607/20758251-2019-11-2-98-101DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6643345PMC
August 2019
12 Reads

Effect on the offspring of pregnant females CD-1 mice treated with a single thallium(I) application.

Reprod Toxicol 2019 12 3;90:1-7. Epub 2019 Aug 3.

Unidad de Investigación en Genética y Toxicología Ambiental, Laboratorio 5 primer piso, Unidad Multidisciplinaria de Investigación Experimental (UMIE-Z), Facultad de Estudios Superiores-Zaragoza, UNAM. Campus II, Ciudad de México, Mexico, CP 15000. Electronic address:

Thallium (Tl) is a highly toxic metal for human beings; higher amounts found in diverse fluids of pregnant women are associated with low birth weight and preterm birth. However, experimental data concerning their effects on the embryonic development of mammalian organisms are limited. Hence, in the present work, TI(I) acetate of 0, 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.reprotox.2019.07.022DOI Listing
December 2019
2 Reads
3.227 Impact Factor

The Effect of Major Ions and Dissolved Organic Matter on Complexation and Toxicity of Dissolved Thallium to Daphnia magna.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2019 11 26;38(11):2472-2479. Epub 2019 Sep 26.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Thallium (Tl) is a trace element associated with base metal mining and processing, but little is known regarding how its toxicity is influenced by water chemistry. In the present study, the 48-h median lethal concentration (LC50) of Tl to Daphnia magna was determined in a standard laboratory water, and toxicity was reassessed under conditions of varying cation (Ca , K , Na ), anion (Cl , HCO ), and dissolved organic matter (DOM) concentrations. The calculated 48-h LC50 of 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/etc.4557DOI Listing
November 2019
2 Reads

Prenatal exposure to thallium is associated with decreased mitochondrial DNA copy number in newborns: Evidence from a birth cohort study.

Environ Int 2019 08 31;129:470-477. Epub 2019 May 31.

Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China; Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education & Ministry of Environmental Protection, State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China. Electronic address:

Background: Prenatal exposure to thallium is related to adverse birth outcomes. However, little is known about the effects of prenatal exposure to thallium on the mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) in newborns; such knowledge might reveal a potential mechanism linking maternal thallium exposure and adverse birth outcomes.

Objective: To investigate the trimester-specific associations of maternal thallium exposure with cord blood leukocyte mtDNAcn. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.05.053DOI Listing
August 2019
21 Reads

Screening and prioritization of chemical hazards for deriving human health ambient water quality criteria in China.

J Environ Manage 2019 Sep 30;245:223-229. Epub 2019 May 30.

Institute for Environmental Pollution and Health, School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai, 200444, PR China. Electronic address:

A two-step screening and prioritization approach of the chemical hazard to derive water quality criteria for the protection of human health in China was developed. Seventy-five potential candidate chemicals were identified in Step 1, and then were screened and scored in Step 2, based on three characteristics: detection frequency, toxicity, and human exposure. Substances with a score above 900 were considered the proposed candidates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.05.076DOI Listing
September 2019
15 Reads

Adsorption of thallium(I) on rutile nano-titanium dioxide and environmental implications.

PeerJ 2019 16;7:e6820. Epub 2019 May 16.

Innovation Center and Key Laboratory of Water Quality and Conservation in the Pearl River Delta, Ministry of Education, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China.

Rutile nano-titanium dioxide (RNTD) characterized by loose particles with diameter in 20-50 nm has a very large surface area for adsorption of Tl, a typical trace metal that has severe toxicity. The increasing application of RNTD and widespread discharge of Tl-bearing effluents from various industrial activities would increase the risk of their co-exposure in aquatic environments. The adsorption behavior of Tl(I) (a prevalent form of Tl in nature) on RNTD was studied as a function of solution pH, temperature, and ion strength. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6820DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6526007PMC
May 2019
32 Reads

Acute-onset alopecia.

Cutis 2019 Apr;103(4):E24-E26

Department of Dermatology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA.

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April 2019
3 Reads

Different biological effects of PM from coal combustion, gasoline exhaust and urban ambient air relate to the PAH/metal compositions.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2019 Jul 17;69:120-128. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430030, China; Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education & Ministry of Environmental Protection, and State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (Incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430030, China. Electronic address:

Few studies have compared the biological effects of PM from coal combustion, gasoline exhaust and urban ambient air, and the roles of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and metals playing in the process remain unclear. In this study, PM samples from coal combustion, gasoline exhaust and urban ambient air were analyzed for 16 PAHs and 23 metals. Cytotoxic and inflammatory effects of different PM were evaluated on differentiated THP-1 and A549 cells, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2019.04.006DOI Listing
July 2019
6 Reads
1.862 Impact Factor

Distribution, source identification, and ecological-health risks of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in soil of thallium mine area (southwestern Guizhou, China).

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Jun 13;26(16):16556-16567. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Shale Gas Resource Exploitation, Xiangtan, 411201, China.

The exploitation of thallium (Tl) resources through mining poses a significant threat to ecological systems and human health due to its high toxicity and ready assimilation by human body. We report the first assessment of the pollution, spatial distribution, source, and ecological-health risks of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in Tl mining area of southwest Guizhou, China. Spatial distribution maps for PTEs were visualized by ArcGIS to identify their distribution trends. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11356-019-04997-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04997-3DOI Listing
June 2019
25 Reads

Rhenium and yttrium ions as antimicrobial agents against multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and Acinetobacter baumannii biofilms.

Lett Appl Microbiol 2019 Sep 6;69(3):168-174. Epub 2019 May 6.

Microbiology at Interfaces Research Group, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK.

Antimicrobial resistance presents major global concerns to patient health. In this study, metal ions of molybdenum, rhenium, yttrium and thallium were tested against bacteria in planktonic and biofilm form using one strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Acinetobacter baumannii. The antimicrobial efficacy of the metal ions was evaluated against the planktonic bacterial strains using minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum bactericidal concentrations, whilst the efficacy of the metal ions against biofilms was tested using a crystal violet biofilm assay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/lam.13154DOI Listing
September 2019
8 Reads

Effect of thallium exposure and its interaction with smoking on lung function decline: A prospective cohort study.

Environ Int 2019 06 25;127:181-189. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Ministry of Education Key Lab for Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China. Electronic address:

Background: Thallium (Tl) is a cumulative high toxicant in the environment, but few longitudinal studies have investigated the respiratory impairment of Tl exposure.

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Tl and its interaction with smoking on lung function decline, and explore the potential mechanisms.

Methods: The baseline and follow-up lung functions were measured from a prospective cohort study of 1243 workers, who were followed from 2010 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.03.034DOI Listing
June 2019
7 Reads
5.559 Impact Factor

Presence of Toxic Heavy Metals in Platelet-Rich Fibrin: a Pilot Study.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2019 Oct 21;191(2):363-369. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Geological Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is widely used blood-derived biomaterial which is directly applied to the surgical wounds. Depending on its autologous origin, PRF is thought as a safe material. However, it is not known to what extent the blood-derived toxins can be found in the PRF by considering the systemic exposure rates of the individuals to the toxins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-019-01695-6DOI Listing
October 2019
4 Reads

Response of microbial communities and interactions to thallium in contaminated sediments near a pyrite mining area.

Environ Pollut 2019 May 1;248:916-928. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, 510655, China. Electronic address:

Thallium (Tl) is a well-recognized hazardous heavy metal with very high toxicity. It is usually concentrated in sulfide minerals, such as pyrite (FeS), sphalerite (ZnS), chalcopyrite (CuS) and galena (PbS). Here, this study was carried out to investigate the indigenous microbial communities via 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis in typical surface sediments with various levels of Tl pollution (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.02.089DOI Listing
May 2019
10 Reads

Thallium contamination in farmlands and common vegetables in a pyrite mining city and potential health risks.

Environ Pollut 2019 May 28;248:906-915. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Queensland, QLD, 4072, Australia.

Thallium (Tl) is a trace metal of severe toxicity. Its health concerns via consumption of contaminated vegetables have often been overlooked or underestimated. This study was designed to gain insight into the actual level and distribution characteristics of Tl and metal (loid)s (Pb, Cd, Cr, Sb, Mn, Cu, Zn, Ni, and Co) in agricultural soils and common vegetables cultivated in different zones (upstream, midstream, and downstream) of a densely populated residential area in a typical mine city, which has been open-pit exploiting Tl-bearing pyrite minerals since 1960s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.02.092DOI Listing
May 2019
9 Reads

Associations of multiple plasma metals with the risk of ischemic stroke: A case-control study.

Environ Int 2019 04 1;125:125-134. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Molecular Epidemiology, Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shenzhen, China. Electronic address:

Background: Ischemic stroke (IS) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Environmental exposure to metals may be linked to the risk of IS, but the association remains uncertain in Chinese populations.

Objectives: The present study aimed to examine the associations between the concentrations of 11 metals (aluminum, arsenic, cadmium, cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, thallium, and zinc) in plasma and the risk of IS in a Chinese population. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01604120183176
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.12.037DOI Listing
April 2019
37 Reads

Use of chemical probes to explore the toxicological potential of the K/Cl cotransporter (KCC) as a novel insecticide target to control the primary vector of dengue and Zika virus, Aedes aegypti.

Pestic Biochem Physiol 2018 Oct 6;151:10-17. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Louisiana State University AgCenter, Department of Entomology, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, United States. Electronic address:

The majority of commercialized insecticides target the insect nervous system and therefore, neural proteins are well-validated targets for insecticide development. Considering that only a few neural targets are exploited for insecticidal action and the development of insecticide resistance has reduced the efficacy of current insecticidal classes, we sought to test the toxicological potential of the potassium-chloride cotransporter (KCC). In mammals, KCC proteins have seminal roles in shaping GABAergic signaling and inhibitory neurotransmission, thus ion transport through KCC is critical for proper neurotransmission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pestbp.2018.03.019DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Prenatal thallium exposure and poor growth in early childhood: A prospective birth cohort study.

Environ Int 2019 02 8;123:224-230. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, People's Republic of China; Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Population Health & Aristogenics, Hefei, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Background: Thallium (Tl) exposure remains a public health problem with potential impacts on humans. Studies have suggested that prenatal exposure to thallium may be associated with fetal growth, but no studies are known have explored its association with early childhood anthropometry.

Objective: To investigate the effects of prenatal Tl exposures on early child growth and development aged 0-2 years in a prospective birth cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.12.005DOI Listing
February 2019
34 Reads

Alopecia and Associated Toxic Agents: A Systematic Review.

Skin Appendage Disord 2018 Oct 5;4(4):245-260. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

University of California, Irvine, Department of Dermatology, Irvine, California, USA.

Importance/objective: There are a number of toxic agents that can cause alopecia. In this review we summarize the known substances that cause alopecia as one of the clinical signs of overdose or toxicity.

Evidence Review: A search was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane for studies describing hair loss of any type as a result of exposure to or ingestion of a toxic agent. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/485749
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000485749DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219226PMC
October 2018
32 Reads

Solid-phase distribution and mobility of thallium in mining-metallurgical residues: Environmental hazard implications.

Environ Pollut 2018 Dec 5;243(Pt B):1833-1845. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

CONACyT - Department of Mineral Processing, Institute of Metallurgy, UASLP, 78210, San Luis Potosí, S.L.P, Mexico. Electronic address:

Thallium (Tl) and its compounds are non-essential and highly toxic for living organisms, even at low concentrations. In this paper, we analyzed the presence and geochemical distribution of Tl in different mining-metallurgical and sediment samples collected from several mining zones of Mexico. A modified BCR sequential extraction procedure was also applied to the samples to investigate the geochemical behavior and potential environmental risk of Tl according to types of ore deposit and mineral processing method applied. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02697491183305
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2018.10.014DOI Listing
December 2018
44 Reads

A systematic risk characterization related to the dietary exposure of the population to potentially toxic elements through the ingestion of fruit and vegetables from a potentially contaminated area. A case study: The issue of the "Land of Fires" area in Campania region, Italy.

Environ Pollut 2018 Dec 15;243(Pt B):1781-1790. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Via Università, 100, 80055, Portici, Naples, Italy. Electronic address:

Potentially toxic elements are widespread soil contaminants, whose occurrence could entail a concern for human health upon ingestion of fruit and vegetables harvested in a polluted area. This work set out to evaluate the concentrations of lead and cadmium as well as the levels of thirteen heavy metals for which a limit value is yet to be established by the food safety authorities, in order to perform a risk characterization related to the dietary intake of these metals and to provide a scientific opinion with wider relevance in the light of current worldwide regulatory issues. The sampling consisted of fruit and vegetables grown in a potentially contaminated area of southern Italy due to the illegal dump of hazardous wastes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02697491183226
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2018.09.058DOI Listing
December 2018
33 Reads

The online monitoring and assessment of thallium stress using oxygen consumption rate and carbon dioxide excretion rate of zebrafish (Danio rerio).

Chemosphere 2019 Feb 19;216:103-109. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Institute of Environment and Ecology, Shandong Normal University, Ji'nan, 250014, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

An online monitoring and assessment system of metabolism to measure oxygen consumption rate (OC) and carbon dioxide (CO) excretion rate (CR) of zebrafish (Danio rerio) was used to illustrate changes in stressful states in 15 days' (360 h) 0.1 μg/L Tl exposure. Tl had a significant inhibition on zebrafish OC and CR (p < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.10.127DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Neurotoxicity Induced by Low Thallium Doses in Living Hippocampal Neurons: Evidence of Early Onset Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Correlation with Ethanol Production.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2019 01 26;10(1):451-459. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

CNR Neuroscience Institute, Area della Ricerca CNR, Pisa 56124 , Italy.

The heavy metal thallium is an emerging pollutant among the most potentially toxic species to which human populations are exposed. Its harmful effects on living organisms are well-known at high doses, typical of acute intoxication. Its harmful effects at low doses are by far less known. Read More

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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acschemneuro.8b00343
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.8b00343DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read