1,175 results match your criteria Toxicity Digitalis

Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Presumed Digoxin Retinal Toxicity.

Ophthalmol Retina 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Retina Service, Weill Cornell Medicine, 1305 York Ave, New York, NY 10021. Electronic address:

We present novel OCT findings of presumed acute digoxin photoreceptor toxicity in the setting of concurrent amiodarone use. Discontinuation of medications resulted in symptom abatement, vision improvement, and reversal of OCT findings. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

In vitro and in vivo antileishmanial activity of β-acetyl-digitoxin, a cardenolide of Digitalis lanata potentially useful to treat visceral leishmaniasis.

Parasite 2021 14;28:38. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde: Infectologia e Medicina Tropical, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, 30130-100 Minas Gerais, Brazil - Departamento de Patologia Clínica, COLTEC, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, 31270-901 Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Current treatments of visceral leishmaniasis face limitations due to drug side effects and/or high cost, along with the emergence of parasite resistance. Novel and low-cost antileishmanial agents are therefore required. We report herein the antileishmanial activity of β-acetyl-digitoxin (b-AD), a cardenolide isolated from Digitalis lanata leaves, assayed in vitro and in vivo against Leishmania infantum. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Bidirectional Ventricular Tachycardia in a Young Female: A Case of Andersen-Tawil Syndrome.

Mil Med 2021 Feb 19. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Cardiology, William Beaumont Army Medical Center, El Paso, TX 79920, USA.

Bidirectional ventricular tachycardia (VT) is a rare ventricular dysrhythmia with a limited differential diagnosis that includes digitalis toxicity, catecholaminergic polymorphic VT, aconite poisoning, and genetic channelopathy syndromes, specifically, Andersen-Tawil syndrome (ATS). We present a case of a young female with palpitations found to have bidirectional VT on cardiac event monitor and strong family history of cardiac dysrhythmias. Her physical examination findings included minor dysmorphic features of mandibular hypoplasia, hypertelorism, and clinodactyly. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Transient bilateral chorea secondary to digoxin toxicity in a female with acute kidney injury: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Feb 4;5(2):ytab022. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Cardiology Department, University Hospital Waterford, Waterford, Ireland.

Background: Chorea secondary to digoxin toxicity is rare, with only three published cases describing the phenomenon. We report the case of a 78-year-old female presenting with intermittent vomiting and diarrhoea for 4 weeks. She had a history of chronic kidney disease and digoxin use for atrial fibrillation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Use of Sacubitril/valsartan in patients with cardio toxicity and heart failure due to chemotherapy.

Cardiooncology 2020 Nov 5;6(1):24. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Cardio-Oncology Department, Roffo Institute, 5481 Av San Martin. CABA,, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Cancer therapy-related cardiac dysfunction (CTRCD) is a critical problem with an impact on both oncological and cardiovascular prognosis, especially when it prevents patients from receiving cancer treatment. Standard therapy for heart failure (HF) is recommended for CTRCD, but there is no well-established evidence on how sacubitril/valsartan may help cancer patients with cardiotoxicity.

Objectives: The aim of this trial was to study the effectiveness of sacubitril-valsartan in patients with CTRCD treated in cardio-oncology units. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Digitalis-related electric storm short after ICD implantation.

Hellenic J Cardiol 2020 Nov 20. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

General Hospital of Nikea-Piraeus, Agios Panteleimonas, Mantouvalou 3, Nikea Attikis, 18453, Greece. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Digitoxigenin presents an effective and selective antileishmanial action against Leishmania infantum and is a potential therapeutic agent for visceral leishmaniasis.

Parasitol Res 2021 Jan 16;120(1):321-335. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde: Infectologia e Medicina Tropical, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Treatment for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is hampered mainly by drug toxicity, their high cost, and parasite resistance. Drug development is a long and pricey process, and therefore, drug repositioning may be an alternative worth pursuing. Cardenolides are used to treat cardiac diseases, especially those obtained from Digitalis species. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Ocular Hypotonia and Transient Decrease of Vision as a Consequence of Exposure to a Common Toad Poison.

Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2020 16;2020:2983947. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Faculty of Health Studies, University in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The common toad produces venom (bufotoxin) that is produced in the parotid gland of the toad as well as in the skin. This toxic compound is a potent inhibitor of Na/K-ATPase activity. Physiological effects of bufotoxin are similar to those of digitalis and cause increased heart rate and muscle contractions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2020

A Case Report of Accidental Intoxication following Ingestion of Foxglove Confused with Borage: High Digoxinemia without Major Complications.

Case Rep Cardiol 2019 29;2019:9707428. Epub 2019 Nov 29.

Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Balzaretti 9, Milan, Italy.

Foxglove ( L.) leaves are frequently confused with borage ( L.), which is traditionally used as a food ingredient. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2019

Digitalis Promotes Ventricular Arrhythmias in Flecainide- and Ranolazine-Pretreated Hearts.

Cardiovasc Toxicol 2019 06;19(3):237-243

Department of Cardiology II - Electrophysiology, University Hospital Münster, Münster, Germany.

A post hoc analysis of the PALLAS trial suggested life-threatening interactions of digitalis and dronedarone. Thus, there is concern about an interplay between digitalis and other drugs that influence cardiac electrophysiology. We therefore investigated the interaction between digitalis and flecainide or ranolazine. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Non-β-Blocking Carvedilol Analog, VK-II-86, Prevents Ouabain-Induced Cardiotoxicity.

Circ J 2018 12 23;83(1):41-51. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Centro de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, CONICET La Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.

Background: It has been shown that carvedilol and its non β-blocking analog, VK-II-86, inhibit spontaneous Ca release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). The aim of this study is to determine whether carvedilol and VK-II-86 suppress ouabain-induced arrhythmogenic Ca waves and apoptosis in cardiac myocytes. Methods and Results: Rat cardiac myocytes were exposed to toxic doses of ouabain (50 µmol/L). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2018

Left Ventricular Aneurysm Presenting as Bidirectional Ventricular Tachycardia.

Ochsner J 2018 ;18(3):288-290

Department of Cardiology, University of Miami/JFK Medical Center, Atlantis, FL.

Background: Bidirectional ventricular tachycardia is a rare form of ventricular arrhythmia, characterized by a changing of the mean QRS axis of 180 degrees. Digitalis toxicity is the most common cause of bidirectional ventricular tachycardia; other causes include myocarditis, aconite toxicity, metastatic cardiac tumor, myocardial infarction, and cardiac channelopathies.

Case Report: A 73-year-old male with hypertension and a pacemaker implanted for sick sinus syndrome presented with a complaint of substernal chest pressure for several days. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2018

Bibliometric profile of global scientific research on digoxin toxicity (1849-2015).

Drug Chem Toxicol 2020 Nov 21;43(6):553-559. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.

Digoxin is a cardiac glycoside derived from the common foxglove and has been available for several centuries as a medicinal agent. Despite extensive patient experience over many years, there remains some controversy regarding the possibility that digoxin might have a deleterious effect on survival. This study was constructed to assess trends in digoxin toxicity research using well-established qualitative and quantitative bibliometric indicators. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

High doses of digoxin increase the myocardial nuclear factor-kB and CaV1.2 channels in healthy mice. A possible mechanism of digitalis toxicity.

Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Sep 6;105:533-539. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, 71515 Assiut, Egypt.

Background: Toxic effects of digoxin may occur with normal therapeutic serum level. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-kB) is an important transcription factor in most organ systems and is often implicated in the harmful effects of cardiac injury. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2018

Colored floaters as a manifestation of digoxin toxicity.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Jun 2;10:233-235. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Department of Ophthalmology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, N.Y., United States.

Purpose: Since its report in one patient more than 70 years ago, digitalis-induced colored muscae volitantes have not surfaced again in the literature. We report here a case of digoxin induced colored floaters.

Observations: An 89-year-old man on 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Alternans during fascicular ventricular tachycardia due to digitalis toxicity.

S Serge Barold

J Electrocardiol 2018 May - Jun;51(3):450-451. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Department of Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY, United States. Electronic address:

This report describes a digitalis-induced regular fascicular ventricular tachycardia characterized by marked QRS alternans a manifestation not usually associated with this arrhythmia. The striking alternation of QRS configuration suggested alternating ventricular activation from either a single focus with two exits in distal branches of the left anterior fascicle or 2 different foci localized in the Purkinje-myocardial network of the left anterior fascicle. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Accelerated idioventricular rhythm degenerating into bidirectional ventricular tachycardia following acute myocardial infarction.

Am J Emerg Med 2018 Apr 8;36(4):735.e1-735.e3. Epub 2018 Jan 8.

Scientific Research and Education Department, Aerospace Center Hospital, 15 Yuquan Road, Beijing, 100049, People's Republic of China.

Bidirectional ventricular tachycardia (BVT) is a rare ventricular tachyarrhythmia. It is usually regular, demonstrating a beat-to-beat alternation in the QRS frontal axis that varies between -20° to -30° and +110°. The tachycardia rate is typically between 140 and 180 beats/min and the QRS is relatively narrow, with a duration of 120 to 150 ms. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Hypermagnesuria in Humans Following Acute Intravenous Administration of Digoxin.

Nephron 2018 30;138(2):113-118. Epub 2017 Oct 30.

Department of Medicine E, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Background: Hypomagnesemia is a known predisposing condition for the appearance of digitalis toxicity. The detection of a genetic form of Mg urinary wasting with hypomagnesemia being caused by a mutation in the γ subunit (FXYD2) of the Na,K-ATPase, the pharmacological target of Digoxin, prompted us to investigate whether Digoxin administration increases urinary Mg excretion.

Methods: Two groups of subjects, with rapid atrial fibrillation, received intravenous Digoxin (n = 9) or verapamil (n = 8), for heart rate control. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2019

An Overview of Cardenolides in Digitalis - More Than a Cardiotonic Compound.

Curr Pharm Des 2017 ;23(34):5104-5114

Abant Izzet Baysal University, Faculty of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, Department of Horticulture, 14030 Bolu, Turkey.

The genus Digitalis L. containing species, commonly known as the "foxglove", is the main source of cardenolides, which have various pharmacological properties effective against certain pathological conditions including myocardial infarction, arterial hypertension, cardiac dysfunction, angina, and hypertrophy. Togehter with a prime effect of controlling the heart rhythm, many workers demonstrated that lanatoside C and some other cardiac glycosides are effective in several cancer treatments such as prostate and breast cancers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Unusual digoxin toxicity with myocardial injury.

J Electrocardiol 2017 Nov - Dec;50(6):909-911. Epub 2017 Jul 12.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Clemenceau Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address:

A 38-year-old healthy male presented with vomiting and profuse diarrhea, associated with blurry and yellow coloration of the vision (xanthopsia). Laboratory workup was unremarkable, except for hyperkalemia (K 5.2 mEq/L) and mildly elevated troponin level 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ivabradine Reduces Digitalis-induced Ventricular Arrhythmias.

Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2017 Dec 10;121(6):526-530. Epub 2017 Jul 10.

Division of Electrophysiology, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Münster, Münster, Germany.

The I channel inhibitor ivabradine is recommended for treatment of heart failure but also affects potassium currents and thereby prolongs ventricular repolarization. The aim of this study was to examine the electrophysiological effects of ivabradine on digitalis-induced ventricular arrhythmias. Thirteen rabbit hearts were isolated and Langendorff-perfused. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2017

Fatal cardiac glycoside poisoning due to mistaking foxglove for comfrey.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2017 Aug 2;55(7):670-673. Epub 2017 May 2.

b Department of Emergency Medicine , Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch , Taoyuan , Taiwan.

Context: Accidental ingestion of foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) can cause significant cardiac toxicity. We report a patient who ingested foxglove mistaking it for comfrey and developed refractory ventricular arrhythmias. The patient died despite treatment with digoxin-specific antibody fragments (DSFab) and veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Digitalis, a drug to be scrapped?]

G Ital Cardiol (Rome) 2017 Feb;18(2):121-128

Dipartimento Cardiovascolare e Neurologico, Cardiologia Valdichiana, USL 8, Arezzo.

We performed a comprehensive review of the scientific literature on the use of digoxin in heart failure and atrial fibrillation. In congestive heart failure (CHF) there is only one randomized trial with a statistical sample sufficiently large. In this trial (DIG trial), which enrolled patients with systolic left ventricular dysfunction in sinus rhythm, digoxin had a neutral action on mortality and modestly reduced the overall need of hospitalization. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2017

Comparative analysis of three drug-drug interaction screening systems against probable clinically relevant drug-drug interactions: a prospective cohort study.

Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2017 Jul 15;73(7):875-882. Epub 2017 Mar 15.

Centre for Clinical Toxicology and Pharmacology, Division of Internal Medicine, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Zaloska cesta 7, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Purpose: Drug-drug interaction (DDI) screening systems report potential DDIs. This study aimed to find the prevalence of probable DDI-related adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and compare the clinical usefulness of different DDI screening systems to prevent or warn against these ADRs.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted in patients urgently admitted to medical departments. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

In the kingdom of "tortelli" (ravioli-like pasta) plant poisoning is still a threat. A case report of near-fatal poisoning from Digitalis Purpurea accidentally confused with Borago Officinalis.

Acta Biomed 2016 01 16;87(3):353-357. Epub 2016 Jan 16.

University Hospital of Parma, Italy.

A 58 years healthy old woman was admitted to the Emergency Department (ED) with cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation (VF). Appropriate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), multiple DC shocks and oro-tracheal intubation (OTI) were effective to induce recovery of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). After ROSC was achieved, the electrocardiogram (ECG) showed an idio-ventricular rhythm with atrioventricular dissociation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2016

[Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of Antiarrhythmic Drugs].

Rinsho Byori 2016 Dec;64(12):1390-1394

Antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) can exhibit lethal adverse effects including proarrhythmia. To avoid these adverse effects, therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) provides a therapeutic benefit. Recently, the Japanese Circulation Society and Japan TDM Society collaborated to do publish "Guidelines for TDM of Cardiovascular Drugs". Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2016