5,920 results match your criteria Toxicity Antidepressant


Antidepressant-induced serotonin syndrome in older patients: a cross-sectional study.

Psychogeriatrics 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Unit for Aging Brain and Dementia, Department of Geriatric Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: Widespread prescription of antidepressants and their resulting role in serotonin syndrome (SS) are of great importance for clinical practice in the elderly. This study aims to investigate possible associations of antidepressant drug-induced SS with related variables in these patients.

Methods: A total of 238 older adults using antidepressants were included. Read More

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Quinazolinone-based benzenesulfonamides with low toxicity and high affinity as monoamine oxidase-A inhibitors: Synthesis, biological evaluation and induced-fit docking studies.

Bioorg Chem 2022 Apr 21;124:105822. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Van Yüzüncü Yıl University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Van, Turkey.

The research in selective monoamine oxidases (MAO-A and MAO-B) inhibitors has been increased due to their therapeutic value for neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, 4-((2-(aryl)-4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl)amino)benzenesulfonamides were synthesized and their MAOs inhibition potentials were investigated applying in vitro fluorometric technique. The most potent compounds 7 and 8 against MAO-A had IC values of 0. Read More

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Polysaccharides from Hua Reduce Depression-Like Behavior in Mice by Inhibiting Oxidative Stress-Calpain-1-NLRP3 Signaling Axis.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2022 20;2022:2566917. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Key Laboratory of Xin'an Medicine, The Ministry of Education, Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, Hefei, Anhui 230012, China.

Polysaccharides from Hua (PSP) exert antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antidepressant effects. Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activation of the calpain system and the NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome are closely related to the pathogenesis of depression. However, the relationships among those pathways and the protective effects of PSP have not been characterized. Read More

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Jawarish Shahi: A special dosage form of herbal formulations for functional gastrointestinal disorders in Unani medicine- A comprehensive review.

J Ethnopharmacol 2022 Jul 28;293:115319. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Dept. of Moalajat, Hakeem Rais Unani Medical College and Hospital, Sambhal, Uttar Pradesh, India. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are the most common diagnoses in gastroenterology and represent a group of chronic unexplained gut syndromes. The best-known disorders are irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia (FD). Jawarish Shahi (JS) is used for gastrointestinal disorders in Unani Medicine (UM). Read More

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The mechanism of the neuroprotective effect of zinc against cadmium-induced behavioral impairments in male Wister rats: Focus on tryptophan degradation pathway, oxidative-inflammatory stress, and histologic evidence.

Toxicology 2022 04 27;472:153191. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Toxicology and Immunotherapy Research Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike, Nigeria.

The present study investigated the attenuating effects of Zn following Cd-exposure in the activities/expression of indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO), tryptophan 2, 3-dioxygenase (TDO), oxidative-inflammatory response, behavioral indices and histologic architecture in cerebral cortex and hippocampus of male rats. Adult male Wistar rats were exposed to 200 μg/L and 100 μg/L of Cd and/or Zn in drinking water for 42 days. Cd exposure significantly increased IDO and TDO activities, IDO 1 protein expression, inflammatory response, with attendant disruption in antioxidant systems and concomitant elevation in malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus. Read More

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Mapping Molecular Networks within Linn. against LPS-Induced Neuroinflammation in Microglial Cells, with Molecular Docking and In Vivo Toxicity Assessment in Zebrafish.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2022 Apr 12;15(4). Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Biology, Chungnam National University, 99 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34134, Korea.

Clitoria ternatea Linn. (CT), or butterfly pea, is an Ayurvedic plant traditionally used as a brain tonic. Recently, it was reported to be of use in treating central nervous system (CNS) disorders, i. Read More

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Enantioselective Ecotoxicity of Venlafaxine in Aquatic Organisms: Daphnia and Zebrafish.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2022 Apr 22. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences (CITAB), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Quinta de Prados, 5000-801, Vila Real, Portugal.

Venlafaxine (VEN) is a chiral antidepressant detected in aquatic compartments. It was recently included in the 3 Watch List from the European Union. This work aimed to investigate VEN toxicity effects, targeting possible enantioselective effects, using two aquatic organisms, daphnia (Daphnia magna) and zebrafish (Danio rerio). Read More

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Escitalopram-induced hepatitis: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2022 Mar;10(8):2468-2473

Department of Pharmacy, Valenciennes Hospital, Valenciennes 59300, France.

Background: The antidepressant escitalopram is widely prescribed for the treatment of depression. It is generally well-tolerated, and cholestasis is not mentioned in its summary of product characteristics (SmPC). We present a case of cholestatic and cytolysis liver injury due to escitalopram and a VigiBase study. Read More

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Esketamine inhaled as dry powder: Pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic and safety assessment in a preclinical study.

Pulm Pharmacol Ther 2022 Apr 14;73-74:102127. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

R&D Centre, Celon Pharma SA, Marymoncka 15, 05-152, Kazun Nowy, Poland.

Ketamine and its enantiomer esketamine have gained much attention in recent years as potent, fast-acting agents for the management of treatment-resistant depression. However, an alternative to oral ketamine administration is required to ensure adequate systemic exposure as the drug undergoes extensive first-pass metabolism. We propose dry powder inhalation as a new esketamine delivery route. Read More

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The small molecule compound C65780 alleviates pain by stabilizing voltage-gated sodium channels in the inactivated and slowly-recovering state.

Neuropharmacology 2022 Jul 9;212:109057. Epub 2022 Apr 9.

The National and Local Joint Engineering Laboratory of Animal Peptide Drug Development, College of Life Sciences, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, 410081, China. Electronic address:

Noxious pain signals are transduced in the peripheral nervous system as action potentials, which rely on the activities of voltage-gated sodium channels (NaVs). Blocking NaVs is thus a valuable strategy for pain treatment. Here, we report the characterization of a novel NaVs antagonist, 2-(2-(diethylamino)ethyl)indeno[1,2,3-de]phthalazin-3(2H)-one (C65780), and investigation of its action mechanisms. Read More

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A Comprehensive Review on the Therapeutic Potential of Linn. in Relation to its Major Active Constituent Curcumin.

Front Pharmacol 2022 25;13:820806. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Kedah, Malaysia.

Linn. (), popularly known as turmeric, belongs to the Zingiberaceae family and has a long historical background of having healing properties against many diseases. In Unani and Ayurveda medicine, has been used for liver obstruction and jaundice, and has been applied externally for ulcers and inflammation. Read More

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Shedding light on the toxicity of SARS-CoV-2-derived peptide in non-target COVID-19 organisms: A study involving inbred and outbred mice.

Neurotoxicology 2022 May 5;90:184-196. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Biological Research Laboratory, Goiano Federal Institute, Urutaí, GO, Brazil; Post-Graduation Program in Conservation of Cerrado Natural Resources, Goiano Federal Institute, Urutaí, GO, Brazil; Post-Graduation Program in Ecology, Conservation, and Biodiversity, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, MG, Brazil; Post-Graduation Programa in Biotechnology and Biodiversity, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brazil. Electronic address:

Despite advances in research on the vaccine and therapeutic strategies of COVID-19, little attention has been paid to the possible (eco)toxicological impacts of the dispersion of SARS-CoV-2 particles in natural environments. Thus, in this study, we aimed to evaluate the behavioral and biochemical consequences of the short exposure of outbred and inbred mice (male Swiss and C57Bl/6 J mice, respectively) to PSPD-2002 (peptide fragments of the Spike protein of SARS-CoV-2) synthesized in the laboratory. Our data demonstrated that after 24 h of intraperitoneal administration of PSPD-2002 (at 580 μg/kg) the animals did not present alterations in their locomotor, anxiolytic-like, or anxiety-like behavior (in the open field test), nor antidepressant-like or depressive behavior in the forced swimming test. Read More

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Low doses and lifecycle exposure of waterborne antidepressants in zebrafish model: A survey on sperm traits, reproductive behaviours, and transcriptome responses.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Apr 5;832:155017. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Key Laboratory of Drinking Water Science and Technology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Industrial Wastewater Treatment and Reuse, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address:

Venlafaxine and citalopram have been commonly found in surface water and may disrupt fish reproduction, yet the long-term impact and the underlying mechanism are largely unknown. Here, zebrafish were exposed to 0.1-100 μg/L venlafaxine and citalopram for their entire life cycle from embryo to adult, respectively. Read More

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Coadministration of tianeptine alters behavioral parameters and levels of neurotrophins in a chronic model of Maple Syrup Urine disease.

Metab Brain Dis 2022 Jun 8;37(5):1585-1596. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Laboratório de Doenças Neurometabólicas, Laboratório de Neurologia Experimental, Programa de Pós-Graduação Em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Criciúma, SC, Brasil.

Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD) is caused by the deficiency in the activity of the branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex (BCKDC), resulting in the accumulation of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) leucine, isoleucine, and valine, and their respective branched-chain α-keto acids. Patients with MSUD are at high risk of developing chronic neuropsychiatric disorders; however, the pathophysiology of brain damage in these patients remains unclear. We hypothesize that MSUD can cause depressive symptoms in patients. Read More

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Using pharmacokinetics and pharmacogenetics to optimize psychiatric treatments: A systematic review.

Farm Hosp 2021 Dec 22;45(7):84-93. Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Centro Hospitalario Benito Mennide Elizondo, Elizondo (Navarra). Spain. Neuropsychiatry work group..

Objective: Neuropsychiatrists often resort to drugs with broad interindividual pharmacokinetic variability metabolized by highly polymorphic enzymes such as CYP2D6 and CYP2C19. Pharmacokinetics and  pharmacogenetics offer considerable promise as techniques capable to allow individualized adjustments in treatments with psychoactive drugs. The  purpose of this study was to review the existing evidence for the application of  pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics to the dosing of drugs used in  neuropsychiatry. Read More

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December 2021

Antidepressant activity of phytochemicals of Mangifera indica seeds assisted by integrated computational analysis.

Metab Brain Dis 2022 Mar 28. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.

Mangifera indica L., also known as mango, is a tropical fruit that belongs to the Anacardiaceae family and is prized for its juiciness, unique flavour, and worldwide popularity. The current study aimed to probe into antidepressant power (ADP) of MIS in animals and confirmation of ADP with in silico induced-fit molecular docking. Read More

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Leaf Extract Exhibits Anti-inflammatory Activity in CCL-Induced Hepatic Injury Model by Modulating Oxidative Stress Markers and iNOS/Nrf2 Expression.

Biomed Res Int 2022 16;2022:1382878. Epub 2022 Mar 16.

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan.

Background: Inflammation is a frequent phenomenon in the pathogenesis of hepatic disorders leading to fibrosis and cirrhosis. Phytopharmaceuticals developed from traditional medicine can provide effective therapeutic alternatives to conventional medications. (DS) has reported traditional uses in inflammatory diseases. Read More

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Toxicity of waterborne vortioxetine, a new antidepressant, in non-target aquatic organisms: From wonder to concern drugs?

Environ Pollut 2022 Jul 22;304:119175. Epub 2022 Mar 22.

Key Laboratory of Drinking Water Science and Technology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. Electronic address:

Vortioxetine is increasing in popularity as a treatment for major depressive disorder and has been detected in wastewater effluent. However, information on the toxicity and environmental risk of vortioxetine in non-target organisms is scarce. Here, embryonic and juvenile zebrafish (Danio rerio) were used to assess the toxicity of vortioxetine (0, 1, 10, 30, 100, 300, and 1000 μg/L) after 120 h and 7 d of exposure, respectively. Read More

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Development of the Validated Stability-Indicating Method for the Determination of Vortioxetine in Bulk and Pharmaceutical Formulation by HPLC-DAD, Stress Degradation Kinetics Studies and Detection of Degradation Products by LC-ESI-QTOF-MS.

Molecules 2022 Mar 14;27(6). Epub 2022 Mar 14.

Department of Environmental Chemistry and Bioanalytics, Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Gagarina 7, 87-100 Torun, Poland.

Vortioxetine (VOR) is a new antidepressant drug used to treat major depressive disorder. In this work, a novel, simple, rapid, accurate, precise, selective, stability-indicating, and fully validated high-performance liquid chromatography method with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) was developed to determine VOR in bulk and pharmaceutical formulations. A Polar-RP column was used, with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile (ACN), methanol (MeOH), acetate buffer pH 3. Read More

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Production of indole by Corynebacterium glutamicum microbial cell factories for flavor and fragrance applications.

Microb Cell Fact 2022 Mar 24;21(1):45. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Business Unit Bioscience, Wageningen Plant Research, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Background: The nitrogen containing aromatic compound indole is known for its floral odor typical of jasmine blossoms. Due to its characteristic scent, it is frequently used in dairy products, tea drinks and fine fragrances. The demand for natural indole by the flavor and fragrance industry is high, yet, its abundance in essential oils isolated from plants such as jasmine and narcissus is low. Read More

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Chemical profiles and pharmacological insights of Anisomeles indica Kuntze: An experimental chemico-biological interaction.

Biomed Pharmacother 2022 May 21;149:112842. Epub 2022 Mar 21.

Department of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Chittagong, Chittagong 4318, Bangladesh; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chittagong, Chittagong 4331, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

Anisomeles indica (L.) Kuntze is an ethnomedicinally important plant that has long been used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including dyspepsia, abdominal pain, colic, allergies, inflammation, and rheumatic arthritis. However, the scientific framework underlying these medicinal properties is not well known. Read More

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What If Not All Metabolites from the Uremic Toxin Generating Pathways Are Toxic? A Hypothesis.

Toxins (Basel) 2022 03 17;14(3). Epub 2022 Mar 17.

Nephrology Section, Department of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, Ghent University Hospital, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.

The topic of uremic toxicity has received broad attention from the nephrological community over the past few decades. An aspect that is much less often considered is the possibility that the metabolic pathways that generate uremic toxins also may produce molecules that benefit body functions. Here, we discuss this dualism based on the example of tryptophan-derived metabolites, which comprise elements that are mainly toxic, such as indoxyl sulfate, kynurenine and kynurenic acid, but also beneficial compounds, such as indole, melatonin and indole-3-propionic acid, and ambivalent (beneficial for some aspects and harmful for others) compounds such as serotonin. Read More

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Endocytosis Involved d-Oligopeptide of Tryptophan and Arginine Displays Ordered Nanostructures and Cancer Cell Stereoselective Toxicity by Autophagy.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2022 Apr 23;14(13):14928-14943. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Peptide Chemistry Laboratory, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Tehran, 16 Azar Street, 14176-14335 Tehran, Iran.

Owing to their self-aggregation propensity and selective interaction with the anionic membranes, the peptides rich in tryptophan (Trp) and arginine (Arg) are considered for the development of novel anticancer therapeutics. However, the structural insights from the perspective of backbone chirality and spatial orientation of side chains into the selective toxicity of peptides are limited. Here, we investigated the selectivity and cellular uptake of HHC36, a Trp/Arg-rich nonapeptide, and its d-enantiomer (HHC36) and a retroinverso analogue in the lung A549 and breast MDA-MB-231 cancer cells. Read More

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Drug-drug-gene interaction risk among opioid users in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.

Pain 2022 Mar 23. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

VA Salt Lake City Health Care System, Salt Lake City, UT.

Abstract: Response to analgesic therapy is influenced by several factors including genetics and drug-drug interactions. Pharmacogenetic (PGx) variants in the CYP2D6 gene modify response to opioids by altering drug metabolism. We sought to determine the potential impact of PGx testing on the care of Veterans with noncancer pain prescribed opioids metabolized by CYP2D6 (codeine, hydrocodone, or tramadol). Read More

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Mechanisms and safety of antidepressant-like effect of nutmeg in mice.

Biol Pharm Bull 2022 Mar 19. Epub 2022 Mar 19.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Care, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyushu University.

Nutmeg, a dried seed kernel of a tall evergreen Myristicaceae tree, is widely used as a spice and herbal medicine and is known to have antidepressant-like effects. This study evaluates the mechanisms underlying this antidepressant-like effect and safety of nutmeg n-hexane extract (NNE) in mice. Tail suspension and open field tests showed that NNE (10 mg/kg, p. Read More

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Effects of the antidepressant paroxetine on migratory behaviour of meiobenthic nematodes: Computational and open experimental microcosm approach.

Mar Pollut Bull 2022 Apr 21;177:113558. Epub 2022 Mar 21.

University of Carthage, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, LR01ES14 Laboratory of Environment Biomonitoring, Coastal Ecology and Ecotoxicology Unit, 7021 Zarzouna, Tunisia. Electronic address:

An open experimental setup was established in order to explore the toxic effects of the antidepressant paroxetine on meiobenthic nematodes. Three types of microcosms made from polyvinyl chloride tubes, each comprising two sediments compartments (upper and lower), were used in a laboratory experiment for 15 days. The experimental setup targeted the migratory behaviour of the nematofauna from the above compartments, which were exposed to paroxetine (0. Read More

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Pre-weaning fluoxetine exposure caused anti-depressant like behavior at adulthood via perturbing tryptophan metabolism in rats.

Metab Brain Dis 2022 Jun 18;37(5):1415-1422. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan.

The perinatal depression exposes the child to antidepressants during vulnerable window of development, which can chronically impact the mental wellbeing of new born. Active pharmaceuticals are not tested for this long term neurobehavioral aspect of toxicity during drug development process. Keeping this in view, the current study was designed to study the effect of pre-weaning fluoxetine exposure on depression-like behavior of the offspring upon attaining adulthood using FST (Forced swim test). Read More

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Ethnobotany, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of the genus Sambucus L. (Viburnaceae).

J Ethnopharmacol 2022 Jun 12;292:115102. Epub 2022 Mar 12.

Core Botanical Gardens/Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430074, China; Sino-Africa Joint Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430074, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: The genus Sambucus L. (Viburnaceae) consists of about 29 recognized species distributed in all regions of the world except the extremely cold and desert areas. Some species have been used as traditional medicines to treat various disorders such as bone fractures, rheumatism, diabetes, respiratory and pulmonary disorders, skin diseases, inflammatory ailments, diarrhea, and others. Read More

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Risk of maculopathy with pentosan polysulfate sodium use.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2022 Mar 12. Epub 2022 Mar 12.

Collaboration for Epidemiology of Ocular Diseases (CEPOD), Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Aims: Recent epidemiologic studies have examined the risk of maculopathy with pentosan polysulfate sodium (PPS), a drug indicated for the treatment of interstitial cystitis. However, results have been contradictory. Thus, we quantified the risk of maculopathy with PPS with a focus on risk with duration of use. Read More

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