Bioresour Technol 2022 Jul 5;355:127263. Epub 2022 May 5.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai-Indian Oil Odisha Campus, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751013, India; Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Petroleum and Energy (IIPE), Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh 530003, India. Electronic address:
Petroleum refinery wastewater (PRW) is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons, sulphides, ammonia, oils, suspended and dissolved solids, and heavy metals. As these pollutants are toxic and recalcitrant, it is essential to address the above issue with efficient, economical, and eco-friendly technologies. In this review, initially, an overview of the characteristics of wastewater discharged from different petroleum refinery units is discussed. Read More