6,191 results match your criteria Toxicity Aluminum


Baru (Dipteryx alata Vogel), a woody species characteristic of Cerrado and its phytoremediation potential.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Faculdade de Ciências Biológicas e Ambientais (FCBA), Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados (UFGD), Rodovia Dourados - Itahum, Km 12, CEP, Dourados, MS, 79804-970, Brazil.

Baru (Dipteryx alata Vogel) is a native tree plant, widely distributed in Brazil, and has a growth and development in acidic soils like Cerrado, indicating a probable tolerance to adverse soil conditions, such as the high concentration of metals and the acidic pH. Due to the lack of information about the tolerance of this species to metals and the possibility of being used in the recovery of degraded areas and/or in phytoremediation, this work was developed with the objective of evaluating the in vitro germination and growth capacity of baru in medium supplemented with different concentrations of aluminum, iron, and manganese, as well as through chemical analysis, to determine the concentration of metals accumulated in cultivated plants in these conditions. The treatments consisted in different concentrations of metals: aluminum, Al (0, 3. Read More

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Ultra-thin graphene oxide membrane deposited on highly porous anodized aluminum oxide surface for heavy metal ions preconcentration.

J Hazard Mater 2021 08 17;415:125661. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

College of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Shenzhen University, 518060, PR China; Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecological Remediation, Shenzhen University, 518060, PR China. Electronic address:

Analyte extraction using graphene oxide (GO) can be challenging owing to the stochastic behavior of the permeation of water molecules and heavy metal ions, imperfect pore structures, and irregular distribution of multi-layer sheets. We prepared a free standing, through-hole graphene oxide membrane deposited on porous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) substrate. The hydrophilicity of the GO membrane was improved via oxygen plasma treatment. Read More

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Phytohormone signalling and cross-talk to alleviate aluminium toxicity in plants.

Plant Cell Rep 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

School of Genetic Engineering, ICAR-Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Ranchi, 834 003, India.

Aluminium (Al) is one of the most abundant metals in earth crust, which becomes toxic to the plants growing in acidic soil. Phytohormones like ethylene, auxin, cytokinin, abscisic acid, jasmonic acid and gibberellic acid are known to play important role in regulating Al toxicity tolerance in plants. Exogenous applications of auxin, cytokinin and abscisic acid have shown significant effect on Al-induced root growth inhibition. Read More

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Human Milk Concentrations of Minerals, Essential and Toxic Trace Elements and Association with Selective Medical, Social, Demographic and Environmental Factors.

Nutrients 2021 May 31;13(6). Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Neonatology, University Clinical Hospital of Santiago de Compostela, 15704 Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

This study aims to quantify concentrations of minerals and trace elements in human milk (HM) and infant formula (IF) and evaluate associations with medical, social, environmental, and demographic variables. A prospective, case series study of 170 nursing mothers was made. HM samples were obtained from full-term (colostrum, intermediate and mature HM) and preterm (mature HM) mothers. Read More

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Comparison of Different Materials for Self-Pressurized Vitrification of Feline Oocytes-First Results.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 3;11(5). Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Reproduction Biology, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Alfred-Kowalke-Str. 17, D-10315 Berlin, Germany.

Cryobanking is a crucial part on species conservation. Nowadays, there is no suitable protocol for vitrification of feline oocytes. Self-pressurized rapid freezing of different cell types proved to mimic the advantages of high pressure freezing. Read More

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Apoptosis, oxidative stress and genotoxicity in developing zebrafish after aluminium exposure.

Aquat Toxicol 2021 Jul 21;236:105872. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Biology, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy; BAT Center - Interuniversity Center for Studies on Bioinspired Agro-Environmental Technology, Portici, Italy. Electronic address:

Aluminium is a non-essential metal and potentially toxic to organisms whose environmental concentration increases due to pollution. In our previous studies, the behavioral changes induced by aluminium were already shown on zebrafish, a model organism widely used for ecotoxicology screening. To examine in depth the knowledge about the toxicity mechanism induced by this metal, zebrafish embryos, at 6 hpf, have been exposed to 50, 100 and 200 µM of AlCl for 72 h. Read More

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Phialocephala fortinii increases aluminum tolerance in Miscanthus sinensis growing in acidic mine soil.

Lett Appl Microbiol 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Mushroom Science and Forest Microbiology Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan.

Miscanthus sinensis growing in our study mine site contained a high concentration of Al in the adventitious roots. It has a root endophyte, Phialocephala fortinii, in its adventitious roots at a high frequency. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effects of P. Read More

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[The role of aluminum and lead in the development of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases].

Arkh Patol 2021 ;83(3):56-61

Research Center of Neurology, Moscow, Russia.

The article summarizes the data available in the literature on the toxic effects of aluminum and lead on the human brain and assesses the relationship of these effects to the etiopathogenesis of the most common neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. The accumulation of ions of these metals in the brain structures leads to chronic intoxication that is manifested by the morphological signs that are typical for Alzheimer's disease, such as deposits of β-amyloid and τ-protein mainly in the frontal and temporal regions of the cortex, and for Parkinson's disease, such as degeneration of dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra and their accumulation of α-synuclein. The most likely forms of participation of aluminum and lead ions in the mechanisms of neurodegeneration are the replacement of bivalent metal ions necessary for brain functioning, oxidative stress initiation, epigenetic modifications of histones, and increased expression of noncoding ribonucleic acids. Read More

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Neuroprotective effect of sesamol against aluminum nanoparticle-induced toxicity in rats.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sadat City, Sadat, 32897, Egypt.

Alumina nanoparticles (ALNPs) are widely used causing neurobehavioral impairment in intoxicated animals and humans. Sesamol (SML) emerged as a natural phytochemical with potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. However, no study has directly tested the potential of SML to protect against AlNP-induced detrimental effects on the brain. Read More

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S-nitrosated proteomic analysis reveals the regulatory roles of protein S-nitrosation and S-nitrosoglutathione reductase during Al-induced PCD in peanut root tips.

Plant Sci 2021 Jul 29;308:110931. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

College of Agronomy, Guangxi University, Nanning, China; Guangxi Key Laboratory for Agro-Environment and Agro-Product Safety, Nanning, China. Electronic address:

Nitric oxide-mediated S-nitrosation through S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR) plays important roles in cellular processes and signaling of plants; however, the regulatory mechanism of programmed cell death (PCD) by S-nitrosation remains unclear. In this study, the S-nitrosated proteomic and functions of GSNOR during Al-induced PCD in peanut were investigated. Al stress induced an increase of S-nitrosothiol (SNO) content and GSNOR activity in Al-induced PCD. Read More

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Identification of a bacterial-type ATP-binding cassette transporter implicated in aluminum tolerance in sweet sorghum ( L.).

Plant Signal Behav 2021 May 26:1916211. Epub 2021 May 26.

Jilin Province Engineering Laboratory of Plant Genetic Improvement, College of Plant Science, Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Aluminum (Al) toxicity in acidic soils severely reduces crop production worldwide. Sorghum ( L.) is an important agricultural crop widely grown in tropical and subtropical regions, where Al toxicity is prevalent. Read More

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Evaluation of heavy metal leaching under simulated disposal conditions and formulation of strategies for handling solar panel waste.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Aug 21;780:146645. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal 721302, India; Department of Mining Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal 721302, India.

With the steady growth in the worldwide solar installed capacity, there is an immediate concern about the fate of the solar panels at the end of their life. Solar panel waste is often disposed of indiscriminately, exposing the environment to chemical hazards. The major objective of the current study was to evaluate the leaching potential of the polycrystalline solar panel waste under different simulated disposal conditions through toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), synthetic precipitation leaching procedure (SPLP) and pH static leaching procedure tests. Read More

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Sirtuins as molecular targets, mediators, and protective agents in metal-induced toxicity.

Arch Toxicol 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia.

Metal dyshomeostasis, and especially overexposure, is known to cause adverse health effects due to modulation of a variety of metabolic pathways. An increasing body of literature has demonstrated that metal exposure may affect SIRT signaling, although the existing data are insufficient. Therefore, in this review we discuss the available data (PubMed-Medline, Google Scholar) on the influence of metal overload on sirtuin (SIRT) signaling and its association with other mechanisms involved in metal-induced toxicity. Read More

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Tease out the future: How tea research might enable crop breeding for acid soil tolerance.

Plant Commun 2021 May 24;2(3):100182. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

State Key Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

Unlike most crops, in which soil acidity severely limits productivity, tea () actually prefers acid soils (pH 4.0-5.5). Read More

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Is titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4 V cytotoxic to gingival fibroblasts-A systematic review.

Clin Exp Dent Res 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

School of Dentistry, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.

Objectives: Grade V titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4 V) is a well-recognized metallic biomaterial for medical implants. There has been some controversy regarding the use of this alloy in medical devices in relation to the toxicity of vanadium. In Dentistry, Ti-6Al-4 V remains prevalent. Read More

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PINK1/Parkin-Mediated Mitophagy Plays a Protective Role in the Bone Impairment Caused by Aluminum Exposure.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Jun 21;69(21):6054-6063. Epub 2021 May 21.

Key Laboratory of the Provincial Education, Department of Heilongjiang for Common Animal Disease Prevention and Treatment, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China.

The pollution of aluminum (Al) in agricultural production and its wide application in food processing greatly increase the chance of human and animal exposure. Al can accumulate in bone and cause bone diseases by inducing oxidative stress. Mitophagy can maintain normal cell function by degrading damaged mitochondria and scavenging reactive oxygen species. Read More

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Emerging role of phospholipase C mediated lipid signaling in abiotic stress tolerance and development in plants.

Plant Cell Rep 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

National Institute of Plant Genome Research, New Delhi, 110067, India.

Environmental stimuli are primarily perceived at the plasma membrane. Stimuli perception leads to membrane disintegration and generation of molecules which trigger lipid signaling. In plants, lipid signaling regulates important biological functions however, the molecular mechanism involved is unclear. Read More

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Effects of acid ionization on the formation mechanism of bimodal mesoporous Al-MCM-41s from coal gasification fine residue and evaluation of adsorption capabilities.

J Hazard Mater 2021 May 9;417:126052. Epub 2021 May 9.

State Key Laboratory of High-Efficiency Utilization of Coal and Green Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China.

The development of synthetic methods to obtain high value-added mesoporous Al-MCM-41 from a low-cost silicon-aluminum source with low toxicity is an active research topic in solid waste resource utilization. In particular, the controlled synthesis of MCM-41 with a two-level pore distribution is a challenging task. In this work, the synthesis of unimodal and bimodal mesoporous Al-MCM-41s was achieved using acids with different degrees of ionization from coal gasification fine residue (CGFR) as bulk solid waste generated by the coal gasification process. Read More

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Utilization of Spent FCC Catalyst as Fine Aggregate in Non-sintered Brick: Alkali Activation and Environmental Risk Assessment.

Front Chem 2021 26;9:674271. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

State Key Laboratory of Safety and Control for Chemicals, SINOPEC Research Institute of Safety Engineering, Qingdao, China.

This study focuses on the recycling of a spent fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) catalyst to produce catalyst-based non-sintered bricks (CN-bricks) for the recovery of its aluminosilicate components and the solidification of heavy metals. The effects of the content of cement (10-20%), the proportion of FCC (10-40%), and the type of an activator (NaOH/NaSiO/NaSO) on the performance of a CN-brick were investigated in terms of the mechanical strength and leaching behavior. The results show that an optimal binder system of 20% cement + NaSO could promote the compressive strength up to 42. Read More

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Aquatic toxicity of particulate matter emitted by five electroplating processes in two marine microalgae species.

Toxicol Rep 2021 16;8:880-887. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

N.I. Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources, Saint-Petersburg, 190000, Russia.

Electroplating is a widely used group of industrial processes that make a metal coating on a solid substrate. Our previous research studied the concentrations, characteristics, and chemical composition of nano- and microparticles emitted during different electroplating processes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the environmental toxicity of particulate matter obtained from five different electrochemical processes. Read More

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The TiO-μ implant residual is more toxic than the AlO-n implant residual blocking LAP and inducing macrophage polarization.

Nanoscale 2021 May;13(19):8976-8990

Chongqing Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases and Biomedical Sciences, College of Stomatology, Chongqing Medical University, China. and Chongqing Municipal Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedical Engineering of Higher Education, College of Stomatology, Chongqing Medical University, China and Department of Orthodontics, College of Stomatology, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Medical device residuals cause harmful effects and diseases in the human body, such as Particle Disease (PD), but the biological interaction of different types of particles is unclear. In this study, after a biological interaction screen between different particles, we aimed to explore the mechanism of the biological interaction between different types of particles, and the effect of a proteasome inhibitor on PD. Our studies showed that the titanium oxide microscale particle (Ti-μ) was more toxic than the aluminum oxide nanoscale particle (Al-n). Read More

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Bacterial composition, function and the enrichment of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) in differential rhizosphere compartments of Al-tolerant soybean in acidic soil.

Yi Chuan 2021 May;43(5):487-500

Institute for Plant Molecular Biology, State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China.

Low pH with aluminum (Al) toxicity are the main limiting factors affecting crop production in acidic soil. Selection of legume crops with acid tolerance and nitrogen-fixation ability should be one of the effective measures to improve soil quality and promote agricultural production. The role of the rhizosphere microorganisms in this process has raised concerns among the research community. Read More

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Metals toxicity and its correlation with the gene expression in Alzheimer's disease.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Apr 10;48(4):3245-3252. Epub 2021 May 10.

Geriatric Mental Health Department, KGMU, Lucknow, India.

Alzheimer's disease is a common neurodegenerative disease in the elderly population and a leading cause of dementia. Genetics and environmental risk factors were considered to play a major role in the onset of the disease. This study aimed to examine the correlation between different metals levels and the gene expression in Alzheimer's patients with age-matched control subjects. Read More

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Decomposition of leaf litter in the Brazilian savanna on limestone and sandstone Neosols.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2021 30;93(3):e20200372. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Conservação de Recursos Naturais, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Instituto de Biologia, Rua João Naves de Ávila, 2121, Umuarama, 38405-320 Uberlândia, MG, Brazil.

Litter decomposition in the soil is an important stage of the nutrient cycling process that interferes with functioning of terrestrial ecosystems. Soil fertility and litter nutritional quality are fundamental factors that affect decomposition efficiency of plant residues. We evaluated decomposition in two areas of 'cerrado sensu stricto', each with a type of Neosol - limestone (eutrophic) and sandstone (dystrophic). Read More

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Progress on VO Cathodes for Multivalent Aqueous Batteries.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Apr 29;14(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, School of Engineering, Hellenic Mediterranean University, 71410 Heraklion, Greece.

Research efforts have been focused on developing multivalent ion batteries because they hold great promise and could be a major advancement in energy storage, since two or three times more charge per ion can be transferred as compared with lithium. However, their application is limited because of the lack of suitable cathode materials to reversibly intercalate multivalent ions. From that perspective, vanadium pentoxide is a promising cathode material because of its low toxicity, ease of synthesis, and layered structure, which provides huge possibilities for the development of energy storage devices. Read More

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The efficacy of Coenzyme Q10 and liquid paraffin oil in the management of acute aluminum phosphide poisoning.

Toxicol Res (Camb) 2020 Jul 2;9(4):444-453. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt.

Aluminum phosphide (AlP) poisoning had high morbidities and mortalities with absence of a standardized approach for the treatment. The present study investigated the efficiency of GIT decontamination methods and Coenzyme Q10(Co Q10) (Ubiquinone) in improving the outcome of acute AlP poisoning. A total of 90 patients were included and all patients received immediately supportive measures, then they distributed into three equal groups: In group I, gastric lavage was done using KMNO solution (1:10 000); group II received 250-500 ml liquid paraffin oil orally; group III received 300 mg of Co Q10 dissolved in liquid paraffin. Read More

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About the alleged toxicity of aluminium-based adjuvants in vaccines: All published studies should be taken into account.

Int J Pharm 2021 Jun 29;602:120656. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Académie Nationale de Pharmacie, 4 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75006 Paris, France.

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Toxicity, mutagenicity and trace metal constituent of Termitomyces schimperi (Pat.) R. Heim (Lyophyllaceae) and kaolin, a recipe used traditionally in cancer management in Cote d'Ivoire.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Aug 28;276:114147. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, PO Box LG 43 Legon, Accra, Ghana. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Some local communities in Cote d'Ivoire use the mushroom Termitomyces schimperi combined with kaolin (TSK) to manage various cancers in patients. However, there is a paucity of data on toxicity, mutagenicity and trace metal constituent of TSK.

Aim Of The Study: We sought to investigate the acute and sub-chronic toxicities, mutagenic potential, and trace metal constituents of TSK. Read More

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Metal-metal interaction and metal toxicity: a comparison between mammalian and .

Xenobiotica 2021 May 13:1-10. Epub 2021 May 13.

School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China.

1. Non-essential heavy metals such as mercury (Hg), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and aluminium (Al) are useless to organisms and have shown extensive toxic effects. Previous studies show that two main molecular mechanisms of metal toxicity are oxidative stress and metal-metal interaction which can disrupt metal homeostasis. Read More

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Assessing the Toxicity of Mine-Water Mixtures and the Effectiveness of Water Quality Guideline Values in Protecting Local Aquatic Species.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Environmental Research Institute of the Supervising Scientist, GPO Box 461, Darwin, NT, 0801, Australia.

Six tropical freshwater species were used to assess the toxicity of mine waters from a uranium mine adjacent to a World-Heritage area in northern Australia. Key contaminants of potential concern for the mine are uranium (U), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn) and total ammonia nitrogen (TAN). Direct toxicity assessments were carried out to assess whether the established site-specific guideline values for individual contaminants would be protective with the contaminants occurring as mixtures. Read More

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