4,557 results match your criteria Torticollis


Comprehensive treatment algorithm for atlanto-axial rotatory fixation (AARF) in children.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Trauma Surgery, Regensburg University Medical Center, Regensburg, Germany.

Background: Atlanto-axial rotatory fixation (AARF) is an uncommon condition in children presenting with torticollis. Many studies have elaborated on the diagnostic sequence of AARF. However, there is no consensus for the algorithm of management of AARF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01096-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Unprecedented complication of odontoid regeneration after transoral odontoidectomy.

J Craniovertebr Junction Spine 2018 Oct-Dec;9(4):280-282

Department of Neurosurgery, Army Hospital Research and Referral, New Delhi, India.

Transoral odontoidectomy followed by occipitocervical fixation is a widely used approach to relieve ventral compressions at the craniovertebral junction. Despite the large amount of literature on this approach and its complications, odontoid process regeneration and causing the worsening of symptoms of brainstem dysfunction and upper cervical cord were not found in the English literature. We report the case of odontoid regeneration in a 12-year-old girl. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcvjs.JCVJS_98_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364362PMC
February 2019

Measurement properties of instruments for assessment of cervical spine function in infants with torticollis: a systematic review.

Eur J Pediatr 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Physiotherapy, Trinity College, Dublin University, Dublin 2, Ireland.

The aim of this study was to systematically review the measurement properties of instruments which assess cervical spine function in infants with torticollis. Electronic searches were performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library, combining three constructs ('torticollis', 'cervical spine assessment' and 'measurement properties'). Two reviewers independently rated the methodological quality and the quality of measurement properties of identified articles, using both the COSMIN (COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health status Measurement INstruments) checklist and quality criteria for measurement properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-019-03338-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Effectiveness of botulinum neurotoxin type A injections in naïve and previously-treated patients suffering from Torti- or Laterocollis or -caput: Results from a German-Austrian open-label prospective post-marketing surveillance study.

J Neurol Sci 2019 Feb 10;399:44-50. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Neurologie, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany.

AbobotulinumtoxinA (aboBoNT-A; Dysport®) is an effective treatment for cervical dystonia (CD) with a well-established safety profile. In this prospective, multicentre, non-interventional study (NCT01840462) the primary objective was effectiveness (Tsui score) of aboBoNT-A in botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) treatment-naïve and previously-treated (>2 yrs) patients after two injection cycles (at visit 3). Secondary objectives included the effectiveness of aboBoNT-A overall visits and quality of life (CDQ-24) in different CD subtypes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022510X193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2019.02.017DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

The effect of CT-guided botulinum toxin injection on cervical dystonia, confirmed by nine-month follow-up using 18F-FDG PET/CT : A case report.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Although accurate targeting of the causative muscles is of paramount importance in the treatment of focal dystonia, this is often challenging due to distortion of the affected anatomical structures and difficulty in proper positioning of injections. We report a case of idiopathic cervical dystonia that was treated by CT-guided injection of botulinum toxin (BTX) into multiple deep muscles.Based on clinical presentation of combined torticollis and retrocollis, and needle electromyography (EMG) results, BTX was injected under EMG guidance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PHM.0000000000001156DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Vertebral anomalies in craniofacial microsomia: a retrospective analysis of 991 patients.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 22;47(11):1365-1372. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Department of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, USA.

Craniofacial microsomia (CFM) is characterized by an underdevelopment of the facial structures arising from the first and second branchial arches, but extracraniofacial anomalies such as vertebral anomalies may be present. This retrospective study was performed to determine the prevalence and types of vertebral anomalies and the association with other extracraniofacial anomalies in patients with CFM. The charts of all patients diagnosed with CFM seen in four craniofacial centres were reviewed for the presence of vertebral anomalies, symptoms, extracraniofacial anomalies, and the OMENS classification including the Pruzansky-Kaban type of mandibular deformity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2018.05.016DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

[Brown's syndrome].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2019 Feb 31;42(2):189-197. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Service d'ophtalmologie, CHU Secteur Nord Marseille, chemin des Bourrély, 13015 Marseille, France.

Brown's syndrome is related to an abnormality of the superior oblique muscle: it is manifested by an oculomotor disorder with active and passive limitation of elevation in adduction, the field of action of the inferior oblique muscle. The origin is congenital or acquired secondary to multiple causes - inflammatory-infectious, traumatic or iatrogenic. The clinical and paraclinical signs are suggestive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfo.2018.06.012DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Relationship between sonography of sternocleidomastoid muscle and cervical passive range of motion in infants with congenital muscular torticollis.

Biomed J 2018 Dec 4;41(6):369-375. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Chiayi, Chiayi, Taiwan.

Background: An abnormal sternocleidomastoid muscle in congenital muscular torticollis can be classified into one of the four types via sonography. However, this categorization lacks quantitative measurements. The purpose of the study was to determine quantitative measurements of the sonograms via image analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bj.2018.10.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361856PMC
December 2018

Microvascular decompression with partial occipital condylectomy in a case of pediatric spasmodic torticollis.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

National Brain Aneurysm & Tumor Center, United Hospital, 3033 Excelsior Boulevard, Suite 495, Minneapolis, MN, 55416, USA.

Spasmodic torticollis is a rare, neurologic disorder that is caused by abnormal nerve compression of the 11th cranial nerve by blood vessels or bony protrusions. It is typically treated pharmacologically and, if necessary, with surgical intervention. We report a unique case of spasmodic torticollis in a 15-year-old female that involved abnormal compression of the left 11th cranial nerve (CN) by the left vertebral artery, displaced by a hypertrophic left occipital condyle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-019-04065-8DOI Listing
January 2019

A missed traumatic atlanto-axial rotatory subluxation in an adult patient: case report.

Open Access Emerg Med 2019 15;11:39-42. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

McGill Scoliosis and Spine Centre, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada,

Background: Traumatic atlanto-axial rotatory subluxation (AARS) in an adult is a rare condition, which if left untreated can be fatal. In addition to this, many symptoms experienced such as neck pain and stiffness are non-specific which often leads to misdiagnosis, thus delaying definitive treatment. AARS can be divided into traumatic and non-traumatic causes with the latter generally encompassing congenital cervical spine abnormalities. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/a-missed-traumatic-atlanto-axial-r
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OAEM.S149296DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339448PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Cervical Spine Osteoblastoma with an Aneurysmal Bone Cyst in a 2-Year-Old Child: A Case Report.

Pediatr Neurosurg 2019 Jan 23:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, India.

Osteoblastomas and aneurysmal bone cysts are uncommon benign tumors of the spine. Their presentation can vary between diffuse pain, restriction of neck movements, torticollis, radiculopathy, and myelopathy. Complete excision is the best treatment to achieve a cure, but recurrence is not uncommon. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495065DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads
0.497 Impact Factor

[Professor ' clinical experience in the treatment of primary cervical dystonia].

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2018 Sep;38(9):985-8

Third School of Clinical Medicine, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310053, China.

Professor ' clinical experience in the treatment of primary cervical dystonia based on the syndrome differentiation of TCM was explored preliminarily. Based on the disease identification of western medicine and the syndrome differentiation of TCM, in combination with the differentiations of meridians and collaterals of acupuncture, Professor proposes the three-dimensional system of diagnosis and treatment of acupuncture, named "disease differentiation, TCM syndrome differentiation and meridian differentiation". Regarding the diagnosis and treatment of primary cervical dystonia, the physical examination of nerve system, TCM syndrome differentiation and meridian differentiation are equally important. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13703/j.0255-2930.2018.09.020DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Two-Dimensional Ultrasound and Shear Wave Elastography in Infants With Late-Referral Congenital Muscular Torticollis.

J Ultrasound Med 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Medical Ultrasound, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.

Objectives: To investigate the feasibility of using 2-dimensional ultrasound (US) and shear wave elastography (SWE) to evaluate infants with late-referral congenital muscular torticollis (CMT).

Methods: A total of 46 infants with late-referral CMT were enrolled and divided into 4 groups according to the degree of the passive range of motion (PROM) deficit in neck rotation. We introduced 6 metrics to represent the US features of the sternocleidomastoid muscle detected by 2-dimensional US and SWE studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jum.14937DOI Listing
January 2019
1.532 Impact Factor

Frequency-Specific Microcurrent for Treatment of Longstanding Congenital Muscular Torticollis.

Pediatr Phys Ther 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Therapy Services (Ms Thompson), Cleveland Clinic Children's Hospital for Rehabilitation, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio; Department of Rehabilitation and Movement Sciences (Dr Kaplan), Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey.

Purpose: This case describes the first episode of care, using conservative treatment, massage, and frequency-specific microcurrent (FSM), for a 19-month-old boy with grade 8 left congenital muscular torticollis with fibrotic nodules.

Methods: Ten weeks of physical therapy provided stretching, strengthening, massage, and parent education, adding FSM in weeks 3 to 10 for this patient.

Results: Full passive cervical rotation and lateral flexion, 4/5 lateral cervical flexion strength, improved head tilt, and inability to palpate fibrotic nodules were achieved by week 8, with partial home program adherence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEP.0000000000000576DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Young Girl With Torticollis.

Ann Emerg Med 2019 Feb;73(2):e11-e12

Department of Emergency Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Northwell Health, Staten Island, NY.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.08.438DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluation of anxiety and depression scales and quality of LIFE in cervical dystonia patients on botulinum toxin therapy and their relatives.

Neurol Sci 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Medical Faculty, Department of Biostatistics, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey.

Objective: In this study, quality of life and psychiatric comorbid disorders were investigated in patients with cervical dystonia and their spouses and we also investigated the effect of botulinum toxin (BTX) treatment on these parameters.

Material And Method: Thirty patients with cervical dystonia (CD) on BTX treatment and their spouses (n = 30) were included. Beck Depression Scale (BDS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory I and II (STAI-I, STAI-II), Hospital Anxiety Scale (HAS), Hospital Depression Scale (HDS) for psychiatric comorbid disease assessment, Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Scale (TWSTRS) for disease activity assessment, and Craniocervical Dystonia Questionnaire (CDQ-24), Cervical Dystonia Impact Profile (CDIP-58), and Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaires for quality of life assessment were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-019-3719-9DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Grisel's syndrome associated with tonsillitis.

IDCases 2019 16;15:e00470. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Pediatric's Center of Excellence, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Non-traumatic subluxation of atlanto-axial joint known as Grisel's syndrome is a rare condition. The pathogenesis of Grisel syndrome in not clear but it seems laxity of cervical ligaments in children and an inflammatory process in neck might cause the syndrome. Here we present a case of Grisel's syndrome, a 9 -year- old boy presented with torticollis and discuss about clinical radiological and treatment aspects of the syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idcr.2018.e00470DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324217PMC
November 2018

Manipulation techniques for infant torticollis.

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2019 Jan 19;138(1). Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Bakgrunn: Fagutøvere innen blant annet kiropraktikk, fysioterapi, manuellterapi og osteopati anbefaler manipulasjonsteknikker for å behandle nakkeasymmetri hos spedbarn. Denne artikkelen oppsummerer forskning som evaluerer slik behandling.

Materiale Og Metode: Artikkelen bygger på søk i MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane CENTRAL, AMED, PEDro og Index to Chiropractic Literature i august 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4045/tidsskr.17.1031DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Cervical Dystonia Following Injury to the Cerebellar Pontine Angle: An Instructive Case.

Mov Disord Clin Pract 2018 Nov-Dec;5(6):659-660. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders University College London (UCL) Institute of Neurology London United Kingdom.

A 38-year-old woman presented with cervical dystonia in the context of a recent surgery to remove a vestibular schwannoma. She initially presented to neurology with pain in the right arm, and MRI of the brain showed an incidental right-sided vestibular schwannoma (Video 1, Segment 1). An elective gamma-knife procedure was performed, which failed. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/mdc3.12674
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mdc3.12674DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277374PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Grisel syndrome presenting as hemiplegia in a patient with multifocal sepsis.

Malawi Med J 2018 06;30(2):127-131

Consultant Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgeon; Dean of Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Malawi.

Introduction: Grisel syndrome is a non-traumatic rotary subluxation of C1 on C2 (atlantoaxial subluxation). It is a rare condition predominantly described in paediatric population with previous history of upper respiratory infections orotolaryngeal procedures. The diagnosis is established by the association of clinical and radiologic findings4,6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/mmj.v30i2.13DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307069PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Grisel's Syndrome: Non-traumatic Atlantoaxial Rotatory Subluxation-Report of Five Cases and Review of the Literature.

Acta Neurochir Suppl 2019 ;125:279-288

, New York, USA.

Background: In children, when unresponsive neck rigidity and distress are observed after ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgical treatment or nasopharyngeal inflammation, Grisel's syndrome should be suspected. This is a rare syndrome involving non-traumatic rotatory subluxation of the atlantoaxial joint. Conservative management with external cervical orthoses and empirical antibiotic, muscle relaxant and analgesic therapy should be the first choice of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-62515-7_40DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Application of the Clinical Practice Guideline for Congenital Muscular Torticollis: A Case Report.

Pediatr Phys Ther 2019 01;31(1):E1-E5

Mary Free Bed Rehabilitation Hospital (Dr Huegel), Grand Rapids, Michigan; Department of Physical Therapy (Dr Kenyon), Grand Valley State University, Grand Rapids, Michigan.

Purpose: This case report illustrates application of the Clinical Practice Guideline for Congenital Muscular Torticollis in a pediatric outpatient facility.

Descriptions: The infant was a 2-month-old baby presenting with congenital muscular torticollis. Application of each of the 16 action statements outlined in the Clinical Practice Guideline is detailed as related to the case. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001577-201901000-0002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEP.0000000000000569DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

[Acute dystonia in a patient with an elevated clozapine level due to an infection].

Tijdschr Psychiatr 2018;60(12):843-847

Acute dystonia is a side-effect associated with the use of antipsychotics. We describe the case of a 75-year-old patient with late-onset schizophrenia who used clozapine. During a hospital admission due to pneumonia, she developed a form of acute dystonia consisting of a rotational torticollis, which disappeared rapidly after treatment with biperiden. Read More

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January 2018
11 Reads

Reduced Frequency of Ipsilateral Express Saccades in Cervical Dystonia: Probing the Nigro-Tectal Pathway.

Tremor Other Hyperkinet Mov (N Y) 2018 16;8:592. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

School of Engineering, Trinity College Dublin, The University of Dublin, Dublin, IE.

Background: Cervical dystonia is a hyperkinetic movement disorder of unknown cause. Symptoms of cervical dystonia have been induced in animals in which the integrity of the nigro-tectal pathway is disrupted, resulting in reduced inhibition of the deep layers of the superior colliculus. This same pathway is believed to play a critical role in saccade generation, particularly visually guided, express saccades. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7916/D8864094DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262171PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Pediatric Idiopathic Intervertebral Disc Calcification: Single-Center Series and Review of the Literature.

J Pediatr 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Division of Neurosurgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: To review pediatric idiopathic intervertebral disc calcification (PIIVDC) within a single center and within the literature to outline the disease course, management, and outcome.

Study Design: A retrospective chart review was performed spanning the period between January 2001 and February 2016 for diagnoses of PIIVDC. Patient age, sex, symptoms, and history and physical and neurologic findings were reviewed. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00223476183156
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.10.058DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Use of Combined Botulinum Toxin and Physical Therapy for Treatment Resistant Congenital Muscular Torticollis.

J Pediatr Orthop 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis.

Background: Physical therapy (PT) alone is not always effective for treatment of congenital muscular torticollis (CMT). The adjunctive use of botulinum toxin (BTX) injection into the sternocleidomastoid, followed by PT, could provide correction and avoid more invasive surgery. Aims of the study were to review clinical and caregiver-reported outcomes of children with resistant CMT treated by BTX injection combined with a guided-PT program. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=01241398-900000000-9879
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001302DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Traumatic atlanto-axial rotatory subluxation after surgical correction of prominent ears: Case report and review of the literature.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Dijon university hospital, department of plastic reconstructive and hand surgery, department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, boulevard de Lattre de Tassigny 21000, Dijon, France. Electronic address:

Corrective surgery of prominent ears may be justified for social or aesthetic reasons during childhood or adulthood. Post-operative complications occur in approximately 0 to 8.4% of cases. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24687855183023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jormas.2018.10.016DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Deep Brain Stimulation Versus Peripheral Denervation for Cervical Dystonia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 10;122:e940-e946. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center School, Nashville, Tennessee, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Cervical dystonia is a disabling medical condition that drastically decreases quality of life. Surgical treatment consists of peripheral nerve denervation procedures with or without myectomies or deep brain stimulation (DBS). The current objective was to compare the efficacy of peripheral denervation versus DBS in improving the severity of cervical dystonia through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.178DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363862PMC
February 2019
4 Reads
2.417 Impact Factor

Surgical Management of Adult Traumatic Atlantoaxial Rotatory Subluxation with Unilateral Locked Facet; Case Report and Literature Review.

Bull Emerg Trauma 2018 Oct;6(4):367-371

Resident of Neurosurgery, Student Research Committee, Department of Neurosurgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation (AARS) is rarely occurred in adults with trauma as the most common cause. In type A and B it is usually managed with close reduction and external brace; however, in nonresponsive cases, surgical interventions might be needed. Our patient is a 21-year-old man with neck pain and torticollis after a car turn- over. Read More

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https://www.beat-journal.com/index.php/BEAT/article/view/728
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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/beat-060416DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215068PMC
October 2018
15 Reads

Torticollis as Presentation for Atypical Kawasaki Disease Complicated by Giant Coronary Artery Aneurysms.

Case Rep Pediatr 2018 8;2018:4236264. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Memorial University, 300 Prince Phillip Drive, St. John's, NL, Canada A1B 3V6.

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis of childhood. The diagnosis can be made in a patient who presents with a prolonged high fever and meeting at least four of five criteria including polymorphous rash, mucosal changes, extremity changes (including swelling and/or palmar and plantar erythema), bilateral nonsuppurative conjunctivitis, and unilateral cervical lymphadenopathy. Atypical KD refers to patients who have not met the full criteria and in whom atypical features may be present. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cripe/2018/4236264/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4236264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196923PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Expression of Bax/Bcl-2, TGF-β1, and Type III Collagen Fiber in Congenital Muscular Torticollis.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Nov 3;24:7869-7874. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, 2nd Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND This study investigated the expression of Bax/Bcl-2, TGF-β1 and type III collagen fiber in sternocleidomastoid of congenital muscular torticollis (CMT), and explored the possible mechanisms of fibrosis in sternocleidomastoid of CMT. MATERIAL AND METHODS The localization and expression of Bax, Bcl-2, TGF-β1, and type III collagen were detected in the control group and experimental group by using immunohistochemical staining method. The RT-PCR assay was used to measure the expression of TGF-β1 in the control group and experimental group. Read More

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https://www.medscimonit.com/abstract/index/idArt/909064
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.909064DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231324PMC
November 2018
14 Reads

Early diagnosis of Grisel's syndrome in children with favorable outcome.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Jan 25;35(1):113-118. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Mersin, Mersin, Turkey.

Purpose: The painful torticollis only itself may be a major sign for the diagnosis of Grisel's syndrome (GS). It is known as an inflammatory atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation following upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and surgical otolaryngological procedures.

Patients And Methods: The analysis of 16 pediatric GS patients were reviewed retrospectively by considering the diagnosis, the treatment modality, and the prognosis at the Department of Neurosurgery and Otorhinolaryngology in Mersin University, Faculty of Medicine between 2008 and 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-3996-2DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads

Fetal infection with Schmallenberg virus - An experimental pathogenesis study in pregnant cows.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2019 Jan 16;66(1):454-462. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Greifswald - Insel Riems, Germany.

Since its first appearance in 2011, Schmallenberg virus (SBV) has been repeatedly detected in aborted ruminant foetuses or severely malformed newborns whose mothers were naturally infected during pregnancy. However, especially the knowledge about dynamics of foetal infection in cattle is still scarce. Therefore, a total of 36 pregnant heifers were experimentally infected during two animal trials with SBV between days 60 and 150 of gestation. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/tbed.13045
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tbed.13045DOI Listing
January 2019
15 Reads

[Hardware- software complex for the differential diagnosis and evaluation of the effictiveness of treatment of extrapyramidal diseases].

Authors:
O E Khutorskaya

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2018 ;118(6. Vyp. 2):99-104

Trapeznikov Institute of Control Sciences of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

The hardware-software system of differential diagnosis and evaluation of the efficacy of treatment of a number of extrapyramidal diseases (Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, idiopathic cervical dystonia) is based on the methodology of special processing of the electrical activity of muscles (EMG). The system defines the diagnosis for each investigated muscle, and determine various forms of extrapyramidal diseases including early preclinical ones. The system allows viewing the dynamics of changes in the patient's state, both in numerical characteristics and in the graphic interpretation, and evaluates the efficacy of various forms of treatment (medicament, surgical, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/jnevro201811806299DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Long-Term Follow-up of Spasmus Nutans.

J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil 2018 Oct-Dec;68(4):137-139. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

a Albany Medical College , Albany , New York.

Purpose: Spasmus nutans is an acquired form of nystagmus that is classically associated with torticollis and titubations of the head, often presenting in the first year of life and spontaneously resolving within the next 2 years. The purpose of our study was to record and characterize the long-term prognosis of children diagnosed with spasmus nutans.

Methods: All patients under the age of 21 years with a diagnosis of spasmus nutans were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/2576117X.2018.1527639DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Polymorphic variability in the exon 19 of the RB1 gene and its flanking intronic sequences in HPV16-associated precancerous lesions in the Greek population.

J Med Microbiol 2018 Nov 10;67(11):1638-1644. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

1​Microbiology-Virology Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41500 Larissa, Greece.

Purpose: The tumour suppressor protein RB plays a decisive role in negative control of the cell cycle, inhibiting tumour development. The present analysis investigated the prevalence of the nucleotide polymorphism A153104G, which is located at intron 18 of the RB1 gene, and investigated the impact of the polymorphic variability in the exon 19 and its flanking intronic sequences on the severity of cervical disease in HPV16-positive Greek women.

Methodology: The nucleotide polymorphism A153104G was detected by PCR-RFLP assay, while the amplicons were further subjected to cloning and sequencing. Read More

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http://www.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/jmm/10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.000843DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Ocular Torticollis.

Authors:
Fritz Gorzny

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2018 Sep;155(37):609

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2018.0609aDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206400PMC
September 2018

Physical Therapy Management of Congenital Muscular Torticollis: A 2018 Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline From the APTA Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy.

Pediatr Phys Ther 2018 10;30(4):240-290

Department of Rehabilitation and Movement Sciences (Dr Kaplan), Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey; Orthotics and Prosthetics Department (Dr Coulter), Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia; Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy at the Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry (Dr Sargent), University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.

Background: Congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) is a postural deformity evident shortly after birth, typically characterized by lateral flexion/side bending of the head to one side and cervical rotation/head turning to the opposite side due to unilateral shortening of the sternocleidomastoid muscle; it may be accompanied by other neurological or musculoskeletal conditions. Infants with CMT should be referred to physical therapists to treat these postural asymmetries as soon as they are identified.

Purpose: This update of the 2013 CMT clinical practice guideline (CPG) informs clinicians and families as to whom to monitor, treat, and/or refer and when and what to treat. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001577-201810000-0000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEP.0000000000000544DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

New CPG for Torticollis!

Authors:
Linda Fetters

Pediatr Phys Ther 2018 10;30(4):239

Editor-in-Chief, Freeport, Maine.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEP.0000000000000547DOI Listing
October 2018

Atlanto-axial rotatory fixation complicating ventriculo-peritoneal shunt surgery: a case report and literature review.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Oct 1. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, via Giovanni Celoria 11, 20133, Milan, Italy.

Introduction: Atlanto-axial rotatory fixation (AARF) is a rare complication of ventriculo-peritoneal shunt (VPS) surgery.

Case Presentation: The authors present a unique case of AARF developing early after VP shunting, with persistent torticollis, a "cock-robin" head position, and a thick fibrous band along the catheter path. Due to refractoriness to conservative treatments, AARF, which can be an early-onset complication of VPS surgery, was resolved by removing the distal catheter along with the fibrous band encasing it. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00381-018-3983-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-3983-7DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads
1.163 Impact Factor

A unique de novo gain-of-function variant in associated with intellectual disability and hyperkinetic movement disorder.

Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud 2018 Dec 17;4(6). Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Institut für Neurogenomik, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Munich, 85764, Germany.

Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinases (CaMKs) are key mediators of calcium signaling and underpin neuronal health. Although widely studied, the contribution of CaMKs to Mendelian disease is rather enigmatic. Here, we describe an unusual neurodevelopmental phenotype, characterized by milestone delay, intellectual disability, autism, ataxia, and mixed hyperkinetic movement disorder including severe generalized dystonia, in a proband who remained etiologically undiagnosed despite exhaustive testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/mcs.a003293DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318768PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Botulinum Toxin Injection for Lower Face and Oral Cavity Raynaud Phenomenon After Mandibulectomy, Free Fibula Reconstruction, and Radiation Therapy.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 Jan;82(1):53-54

Department of Plastic Surgery, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX.

Isolated lingual and lower face Raynaud phenomenon without primary Raynaud of the digits is a very rare condition associated with chemoradiation therapy (RT) in previous reports. The condition, which more commonly presents in patients with a history of Raynaud disease, is often self-limiting, but vasodilating agents and steroids have been suggested as possible treatment options. Spasmodic torticollis is a different, more common entity, also associated with history of RT or previous head and neck surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001622DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Clinicopathological evaluation of Newcastle disease virus vaccination using gums from and as delivery agents in challenged chickens.

Int J Vet Sci Med 2017 Dec 9;5(2):135-142. Epub 2017 Nov 9.

Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Following previous studies on delivery potential and immune response of chickens given Newcastle disease vaccine with gums, this study was conducted to evaluate the protective ability of vaccines delivered with plant gums against clinicopathological features of Newcastle disease (ND). Processed gums from incised trunks of and trees were combined with ND vaccine in ratio 2:2:1 and administered at 21 days to white leghorn cockerels after weaning of maternal antibodies. The birds were grouped into gum-vaccine-oral (GVOR), vaccine-oral (VOR), gum-vaccine-ocular (GVOC), vaccine-ocular (VOC), gum-oral (GOR), gum-ocular (GOC), no-gum-no-vaccine/challenged (NGNV/C), no-gum-no-vaccine/unchallenged (NGNV/U). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijvsm.2017.09.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6137849PMC
December 2017
2 Reads

A rare case of hypereosinophilic syndrome presenting with unilateral proptosis and torticollis.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;66(10):1508-1511

Department of Oculoplasty, Sri Sankaradeva Nethralaya, Guwahati, Assam, India.

Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a spectrum of myeloproliferative disorder, which is characterized by persistent and marked blood eosinophilia and damage to multiple organs due to eosinophilic infiltration. Idiopathic HES is identified after ruling out all other causes of eosinophilia. Poor prognosis is usually associated with cardiac involvement and malignant transformation of blood cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_316_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6173005PMC
October 2018
18 Reads

Acupuncture as a Nonpharmacologic Treatment for Pain in a Pediatric Emergency Department.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2018 Sep 21. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY.

Objectives: With epidemic opioid deaths and abuse in the United States, government agencies recommend nonpharmacological treatments for pain. However nonopioid treatment options for moderate to severe pain in the pediatric emergency department (PED) are limited. Acupuncture has been shown to be effective for pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001619DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Sarcocystis calchasi Outbreak in Feral Rock Pigeons ( Columba livia) in California.

Vet Pathol 2018 Sep 16:300985818794262. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

1 California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory, UC Davis, Davis, CA, USA.

Twenty-two feral rock pigeons ( Columba livia) from 10 counties in California with ataxia, torticollis, and difficulty standing and flying were admitted to rehabilitation centers in late winter and spring of 2017 and died or were euthanized. Common necropsy findings included thin body condition, generalized deep red discoloration of organs, and hemorrhagic subcutaneous neck tissues. Meningoencephalitis was observed microscopically in 16 pigeons, and 3 also had protozoal schizonts in the brain. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0300985818794262
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300985818794262DOI Listing
September 2018
20 Reads