57,212 results match your criteria Tongue

FKBP11 promotes cell proliferation and tumorigenesis via p53-related pathways in oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 May 1;559:183-190. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tianjin Stomatological Hospital, School of Medicine, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300041, China; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Oral and Maxillofacial Function Reconstruction, Tianjin, 300041, China. Electronic address:

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the causes of cancer-related death worldwide. The abnormal proliferation ability of OSCC has become one of the major reasons for its poor prognosis. FK-506 binding protein 11 (FKBP11) is abnormally expressed in malignant tumors and affects many biological processes. Read More

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Prediction of lymph node metastasis in oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma using the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-to-neutrophil ratio.

J Clin Lab Anal 2021 May 4:e23684. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: Lymph node metastasis in a variety of tumors is associated with systemic inflammatory markers. However, this association has not been reported in oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC). This study aimed to investigate how the preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-neutrophil ratio (PNR) in OTSCC patients correlated with the occurrence of OTSCC and lymph node metastasis. Read More

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Type II/III cell composition and NCAM expression in taste buds.

Cell Tissue Res 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Oral Physiology, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima-shi, Kagoshima, 890-8544, Japan.

Taste buds are localized in fungiform (FF), foliate (FL), and circumvallate (CV) papillae on the tongue, and taste buds also occur on the soft palate (SP). Mature elongate cells within taste buds are constantly renewed from stem cells and classified into three cell types, Types I, II, and III. These cell types are generally assumed to reside in respective taste buds in a particular ratio corresponding to taste regions. Read More

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Association between sleep habits and symptoms of oral disease in adolescents: the 2017 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey.

BMC Oral Health 2021 May 4;21(1):233. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Software and Digital Healthcare Convergence, Yonsei University, 1 Yonseidae-gil, 26493, Wonju, Gangwondo, Republic of Korea.

Background: This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the relationship between sleep habits and oral disease symptoms in adolescents.

Methods: Among 62,276 adolescents who participated in the 13th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (2017), we selected a total of 54,766 adolescents (age, 12-18 years; male, 49.9%) for the final analysis, after excluding those who did not report their sleep duration. Read More

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Distribution and determinants of submandibular gland involvement in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma.

Oral Oncol 2021 Apr 30;118:105316. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Surgical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: Though the submandibular gland (SMG) is routinely sacrificed for several reasons during neck dissection in patients undergoing curative surgery for oral cavity cancers, it might be an innocent bystander and should be considered for preservation. This study aimed to identify the incidence, different patterns of invasion, and risk factors of SMG involvement in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).

Methods: This was a retrospective study of the patients who underwent upfront curative surgery for a biopsy-proven oral cavity SCC. Read More

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A 3-year prospective cohort study on mandibular anterior cantilever restorations associated with screw-retained implant-supported prosthesis: An study.

J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2021 Apr-Jun;21(2):150-160

Department of Periodontics, Army College of Dental Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India.

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the survival of single implant supported cantilever prosthesis (ISCP) replacing missing two adjacent natural teeth in the anterior mandible.

Settings And Design: In vivo - Prospective cohort study.

Materials And Methods: Thirty patients with missing both mandibular central incisors were selected. Read More

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Data mining of an acoustic biomarker in tongue cancers and its clinical validation.

Cancer Med 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

The promise of speech disorders as biomarkers in clinical examination has been identified in a broad spectrum of neurodegenerative diseases. However, to the best of our knowledge, a validated acoustic marker with established discriminative and evaluative properties has not yet been developed for oral tongue cancers. Here we cross-sectionally collected a screening dataset that included acoustic parameters extracted from 3 sustained vowels /ɑ/, /i/, /u/ and binary perceptual outcomes from 12 consonant-vowel syllables. Read More

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Similarity Evaluation on the Compound TCM Formulation "Huoling Shengji Granule" and Its Placebo by Intelligent Sensory Evaluation Technologies and the Human Sensory Evaluation Method Based on Critical Quality Attributes.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 14;2021:6637326. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Engineering Research Center of Modern Preparation Technology of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ministry of Education, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

To evaluate the similarity of Huoling Shengji granule (HLG) and its placebo at both granules and solution status, the innovative methods that consist of intelligent sensory evaluation technologies and human sensory evaluation methods were developed based on critical quality attributes (CQAs) of granule. The CQAs for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) placebo granule were mainly divided into three categories: formulation attributes, visual attributes, and attributes of taste and smell. In this investigation, the novel intelligent sensory evaluation technologies including the physical property testing apparatus, computer vision system, color card, and electronic tongue (E-tongue) were employed for characterization of CQAs of HLG and its placebo. Read More

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Protective effect of bromelain on corrosive burn in rats.

Burns 2020 Dec 10. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Vocational School of Health-Related Professions, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: In some cases, the tongue and oesophagus tissues are damaged by the corrosive burn. Surgical interventions may cause scar formation, and severe burns treatment methods are limited. This study aims to investigate bromelain, a phytotherapeutic product, on the corrosive burn as a non-surgical option and as an adjunctive therapy, insofar as the treatment of corrosive wounds is not limited only to the treatment of oxidative stress and inflammatory reactions. Read More

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December 2020

Impact of the new TNM Staging System (8th edition) on oral tongue cancers.

Swiss Med Wkly 2021 Apr 2;151:w20493. Epub 2021 May 2.

Klinik für Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Aim Of The Study: For tumours of the oral tongue, the most recent 8th edition of the AJCC/UICC staging system has introduced depth of infiltration (DOI) as a novel parameter. With this study we wanted to investigate its impact regarding this risk stratification compared with the preceding 7th edition.

Methods: Between 2008 and 2017, 161 patients of two tertiary referral centres in Switzerland (Kantonsspital St. Read More

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Oral manifestations of COVID-19 patients: An online survey of the Egyptian population.

Clin Exp Dent Res 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Ahram Canadian University, Egypt.

Objectives: This pilot survey aims to study the oral manifestations associated with COVID-19 infection and report the prevalence of oral signs and symptoms in COVID-19 patients.

Materials And Methods: From May 15 to June 10, 2020, we used an online questionnaire containing the oral manifestations that are expected to be associated with the COVID-19 infection. Adults in our survey who have been diagnosed with COVID-19 positive were confirmed with reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR), and isolated in various hospitals in Cairo, Egypt. Read More

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[91-year-old man with a suspicious tongue].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2021 Apr 30;146(9):579-580. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Klink für Mund-, Kiefer und Gesichtschirurgie, DIAKOVERE Henriettenstift, Hannover.

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Essential role of papillae flexibility in nectar capture by bees.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 May;118(19)

Nonlinear Physical Chemistry Unit, Université libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium;

Many bees possess a tongue resembling a brush composed of a central rod (glossa) covered by elongated papillae, which is dipped periodically into nectar to collect this primary source of energy. In vivo measurements show that the amount of nectar collected per lap remains essentially constant for sugar concentrations lower than 50% but drops significantly for a concentration around 70%. To understand this variation of the ingestion rate with the sugar content of nectar, we investigate the dynamics of fluid capture by as a model system. Read More

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Involvement of glycolysis activation in flatfish sexual size dimorphism: Insights from transcriptomic analyses of Platichthys stellatus and Cynoglossus semilaevis.

Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics 2021 Apr 9;39:100832. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Key Laboratory for Sustainable Development of Marine Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China; College of Fisheries and Life Science, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China.

The starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus), a flatfish cultured at the margins of the North Pacific, displays an obvious female-biased growth advantage, similar to many other fish species. To reveal the molecular mechanism underlying sexual size dimorphism, a comparative transcriptomic analysis of the somatotropic and reproductive axes was conducted. In total, 156, 67, 3434, and 378 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between female and male samples were obtained in the brain, liver, gonad, and muscle tissues (q < 0. Read More

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Differential colorimetric nanobiosensor array as bioelectronic tongue for discrimination and quantitation of multiple foodborne carcinogens.

Food Chem 2021 Apr 20;357:129801. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Centre for Innovation in Medical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Foodborne amides, specifically acrylamide, are vitally important for food safety and security, as they are the most common food toxicants and suspected human carcinogens. A facile and novel differential-based colorimetric nanobiosensor array composed of three surface-bioengineered gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) was developed for the rapid detection, differentiation, and quantification of acrylamide and six analogues. Diverse cross-reactive receptors demonstrated differential binding affinities toward target analytes, resulting in distinctive AuNP aggregation behaviors and distinguishable response patterns. Read More

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Molecularly imprinted polymers - towards electrochemical sensors and electronic tongues.

Anal Bioanal Chem 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Sensors and Biosensors Group, Department of Chemistry, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Edifici Cn, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.

Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are artificially synthesized materials to mimic the molecular recognition process of biological macromolecules such as substrate-enzyme or antigen-antibody. The combination of these biomimetic materials with electrochemical techniques has allowed the development of advanced sensing devices, which significantly improve the performance of bare or catalyst-modified sensors, being able to unleash new applications. However, despite the high selectivity that MIPs exhibit, those can still show some cross-response towards other compounds, especially with chemically analogous (bio)molecules. Read More

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How the Language of Instruction Influences Mathematical Thinking Development in the First Years of Bilingual Schoolers.

Front Psychol 2021 13;12:533141. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Facultad de Educación, Universidad Camilo José Cela, Madrid, Spain.

The present research study focuses on how the language of instruction has an impact on the mathematical thinking development as a consequence of using a language of instruction different from the students' mother tongue. In CLIL () academic content and a foreign language are leant at the same time, a methodology that is widely used in the schools in the present times. It is, therefore, our main aim to study if the language of instruction in second language immersion programs influences the development of the first formal mathematical concepts. Read More

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An Atraumatic Method to Retract the Tongue During Oral Surgery Procedures: A Technical Note.

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2021 Jun 21;20(2):319-321. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, "Evangelismos" General Hospital, Dental School, University of Athens, 2 Thivon Str, 115 27 Goudi, Athens, Greece.

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A Case of Extreme Skeletal Class III Malocclusion Beyond the Envelope of Discrepancy, Managed Effectively by a Modified Ortho-Surgical Protocol.

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2021 Jun 27;20(2):201-218. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Command Military Dental Centre (Northern Command), Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir India.

Introduction: Correction of a severe anteroposterior skeletal discrepancy, as described in this case of extreme skeletal class III malocclusion, can be quite challenging and fraught with difficulties. Conventional, single-stage bi-jaw orthognathic surgery with pre-and post-surgical orthodontics is associated with drawbacks such as the risk of relapse and an unsatisfactory overall long-term outcome, with persisting occlusal discrepancies and skeletal abnormalities, especially when the magnitude of skeletal correction required is large. Excessive mandibular setback can restrict tongue space, cause narrowing of posterior airway and pharyngeal space, and be prone to relapse from the forward pterygomasseteric muscle pull, while large maxillary advancements are often accompanied by wound dehiscence and bone exposure at the site of pterygomaxillary disjunction, delayed union or malunion at the osteotomy and disjunction sites, and risk of relapse due to backward palatopharyngeal muscle pull. Read More

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Sistrunk vs modified Sistrunk procedures: Does procedure type matter?

J Pediatr Surg 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Children's Medical Center, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas TX USA. Electronic address:

Background: Thyroglossal Duct Cyst (TDC) is the most common congenital neck mass in children and is surgically managed with a Sistrunk procedure. Some surgeons perform a modified Sistrunk (mSis), involving the dissection of the fistula beyond the hyoid bone without coring out the foramen cecum at the base of the tongue. We aim to evaluate surgical outcomes of children undergoing Sistrunk (Sis) or modified Sistrunk (mSis) procedures for TDC at an academic pediatric institution. Read More

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Structural Equation Modeling of Tongue Function and Tongue Hygiene in Acute Stroke Patients.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 26;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Gerodontology and Oral Rehabilitation, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Tokyo 113-8510, Japan.

In acute stroke patients, it is important to maintain tongue hygiene and tongue function for prognosis management. However, the direct relationship between these factors is unclear, since these are often assessed by multiple observables. In this study, we used structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis, a tool to analyze the relationship between concepts that cannot be measured directly, to analyze the relationship between tongue hygiene and tongue function. Read More

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Daytime Neuromuscular Electrical Therapy of Tongue Muscles in Improving Snoring in Individuals with Primary Snoring and Mild Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 27;10(9). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Queen's Hospital, Barking, Havering and Redbridge University Hospitals NHS Trust, Rom Valley Way, Romford Essex RM7 0AG, UK.

Evaluating daytime neuromuscular electrical training (NMES) of tongue muscles in individuals with Primary Snoring and Mild Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). A multicenter prospective study was undertaken in patients with primary snoring and mild sleep apnea where daytime NMES (eXciteOSA Signifier Medical Technologies Ltd., London W6 0LG, UK) was used for 20 min once daily for 6 weeks. Read More

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The Whitening Effect and Histological Safety of Nonthermal Atmospheric Plasma Inducing Tooth Bleaching.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 28;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Feagle Co., Ltd., Yangsan 50614, Korea.

Various light sources have been applied to enhance the bleaching effect. This study was to identify the histological evaluation in oral soft tissues, as well as tooth color change after tooth bleaching by nonthermal atmospheric pressure plasma (NAPP). Nine New Zealand adult female rabbits were randomly divided into three groups ( = 3): group 1 received no treatment; group 2 was treated with NAPP and 15% carbamide peroxide (CP), which contains 5. Read More

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PRKCA Overexpression Is Frequent in Young Oral Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients and Is Associated with Poor Prognosis.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 25;13(9). Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.

Oral tongue squamous cell carcinomas (OTSCCs) have an increasing incidence in young patients, and many have an aggressive course of disease. The objective of this study was to identify candidate prognostic protein markers associated with early-onset OTSCC. We performed an exploratory screening for differential protein expression in younger (≤45 years) versus older (>45 years) OTSCC patients in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort ( = 97). Read More

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Experimental Injury Rodent Models for Oropharyngeal Dysphagia.

Ji-Youn Kim

Biology (Basel) 2021 Apr 23;10(5). Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Gachon University, Incheon 21936, Korea.

Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a disorder that can make swallowing difficult and reduce the quality of life. Recently, the number of patients with swallowing difficulty has been increasing; however, no comprehensive treatment for such patients has been developed. Various experimental animal models that mimic oropharyngeal dysphagia have been developed to identify appropriate treatments. Read More

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Simultaneous Expression of Th1- and Treg-Associated Chemokine Genes and CD4, CD8, and Foxp3 Cells in the Premalignant Lesions of 4NQO-Induced Mouse Tongue Tumorigenesis.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 12;13(8). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Microbiology and Immunology, Department of Oral Biology and Tissue Engineering, Meikai University School of Dentistry, 1-1 Keyakidai, Sakado, Saitama 350-0283, Japan.

Chemokines and cytokines in the tumor microenvironment influence immune cell infiltration and activation. To elucidate their role in immune cell recruitment during oral cancer development, we generated a mouse tongue cancer model using the carcinogen 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO) and investigated the carcinogenetic process and chemokine/cytokine gene expression kinetics in the mouse tongue. C57/BL6 mice were administered 4NQO in drinking water, after which tongues were dissected at 16 and 28 weeks and subjected to analysis using the RT Profiler PCR Array, qRT-PCR, and pathologic and immunohistochemical analyses. Read More

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Association of Oral Hypofunction with Frailty, Sarcopenia, and Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Cross-Sectional Study of Community-Dwelling Japanese Older Adults.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 12;10(8). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Maxillofacial Diagnostic and Surgical Science, Field of Oral and Maxillofacial Rehabilitation, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890-0075, Japan.

Oral hypofunction is a new concept that addresses the oral function of older adults. Few studies have investigated the relationship between oral hypofunction and general health conditions such as frailty, sarcopenia, and mild cognitive impairment. This paper explores these relationships in a large-scale, cross-sectional cohort study. Read More

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Pharmacokinetic Model Analysis of Supralingual, Oral and Intravenous Deliveries of Mycophenolic Acid.

Pharmaceutics 2021 Apr 17;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Pharmaceutical Science, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Texas Southern University, Houston, TX 77004, USA.

Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is commonly used for organ rejection prophylaxis via oral administration in the clinic. Recent studies have shown that MPA also has anticancer activities. To explore new therapeutic options for oral precancerous/cancerous lesions, MPA was designed to release topically on the dorsal tongue surface via a mucoadhesive patch. Read More

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The Herbal Formula CWBSD Improves Sleep Quality Dependent on Oral Microbial Type and Tongue Diagnostic Features in Insomnia.

J Pers Med 2021 Apr 21;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, Dongguk University, Goyang 10326, Korea.

Cheonwangbosim-dan (CWBSD) is a traditional Korean herb formula that has been widely prescribed for insomnia patients with a heart-yin deficiency (HYD) pattern. Several studies have reported that heart function and insomnia are interrelated, and few have explored associations between insomnia, oral microbiota, and tongue diagnosis. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of CWBSD on primary insomnia, tongue diagnosis, and oral microbiota. Read More

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