J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2021 07 31;74(7):1423-1435. Epub 2021 Jan 31.
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom; Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery; Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland; Professor at University College of London, Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, London, United Kingdom.
Background: Pediatric facial palsy represents a rare multifactorial entity. Facial reanimation restores smiling, thus boosting self-confidence and social integration of the affected children. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic review of microsurgical workhorse free functional muscle transfer procedures with emphasis on the long-term functional, aesthetic, and psychosocial outcomes. Read More