2,761 results match your criteria Tinea Capitis


Asymptomatic Scalp Carriage among Household Contacts of Children Affected by Tinea Capitis: A Prospective Study in the Metropolitan Area of Brussels, Belgium.

Skin Appendage Disord 2022 May 30;8(3):200-205. Epub 2021 Dec 30.

Dermatology Department, University Hospitals Brugmann, Saint-Pierre and Queen Fabiola Children's Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.

Introduction: Tinea capitis (TC) is a superficial fungal infection affecting the scalp. The existence of asymptomatic carriers (ACs) could represent a potential reservoir responsible of (re)contamination and failure of treatment. No prospective studies on ACs in household contacts of TC patients in Europe have been published to date. Read More

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Altered skin fungal and bacterial community compositions in tinea capitis.

Mycoses 2022 Jun 11. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Dermatology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: Tinea capitis is an infection of the scalp and hair shaft caused by dermatophytes that predominantly occurs in children. Skin fungal infections have been found to be associated with alterations in the overall bacterial and fungal communities. However, the scalp microbiome in tinea capitis have not been fully investigated. Read More

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Hair and Nail Conditions: Alopecia Evaluation.

Authors:
Sam Wu

FP Essent 2022 Jun;517:11-16

Department of Dermatology - University of North Carolina School of Medicine, 410 Market St Suite 400, Chapel Hill, NC 27516.

Alopecia affects men and women and can result in significant distress for patients. Alopecias can be categorized as nonscarring or scarring. Nonscarring alopecias include male and female pattern alopecias, alopecia areata, telogen effluvium, traction alopecia, trichotillomania, and tinea capitis. Read More

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[Tinea capitis: epidemiological study in Tunis from 2012 to 2020].

Pan Afr Med J 2022 1;41:168. Epub 2022 Mar 1.

Laboratoire de Parasitologie-Mycologie, Hôpital Militaire Principal d'Instruction de Tunis, 1008 Monfleury, Tunisie.

Tinea capitis (TC) is the most common superficial mycosis seen in children before puberty. The distribution of these dermatophytes changes over time and varies from country to country. The purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiological and mycological characteristics of TC in Tunis. Read More

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A Case of Kerion Celsi Caused by Trichophyton tonsurans, a Plate Culture of Which Showed Yellow-Green Fluorescence Under UVA Light.

Med Mycol J 2022 ;63(2):37-41

Department of Dermatology, Teikyo University Chiba Medical Center.

We herein report a case of kerion celsi of the scalp and tinea corporis due to Trichophyton tonsurans. A 17-year-old Japanese male high school student who practiced judo had alopecic patches with severe inflammation on the scalp. We performed a fungal culture and identified the causative fungus as T. Read More

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Kerion: a great mimicker.

Med J Aust 2022 Jun 29;216(11):563-567. Epub 2022 May 29.

Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, NSW.

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Current situation of fungal diseases in Eritrea.

Mycoses 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Global Action For Fungal Infections, Geneva, Switzerland.

The epidemiology of fungal infections in Eritrea is unknown. Most cases are under-reported due to a lack of diagnostics. This study estimates the burden of serious fungal infections and highlights treatment and diagnostic gaps in the country. Read More

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Effect of Household Laundering, Heat Drying, and Freezing on the Survival of Dermatophyte Conidia.

J Fungi (Basel) 2022 May 23;8(5). Epub 2022 May 23.

Parasitology-Mycology Department, Avicenne Hospital, AP-HP, Sorbonne Paris Nord University, 93009 Bobigny, France.

Dermatomycoses are one of the most common dermatological infectious diseases. Dermatophytoses, such as tinea pedis (athlete's foot) in adults and tinea capitis in children, are the most prevalent fungal diseases caused by dermatophytes. The transmission of anthropophilic dermatophytoses occurs almost exclusively through indirect contact with patient-contaminated belongings or environments and, subsequently, facilitates the spread of the infection to others. Read More

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Epidemiology of dermatomycoses and onychomycoses in Ireland (2001-2020): A single-institution review.

Mycoses 2022 Jul;65(7):770-779

School of Medicine and Centre for Interventions in Infection, Inflammation, and Immunity (4i), University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

Background: Fungal skin infections are recognised as one of the most common health disorders globally, and dermatophyte infections of the skin, hair and nails are the most common fungal infections. Dermatophytes can be classified as anthropophilic, zoophilic or geophilic species based on their primary habitat association, and this classification makes epidemiological analysis useful for the prevention and control of these infections. The Irish contribution to the epidemiology of these infections has been scant, with just two papers (both reporting paediatric tinea capitis only) published in the last 20 years, and none in the last seven. Read More

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A prospective clinical and trichoscopic study of tinea capitis in children during treatment.

Dermatol Ther 2022 May 13:e15582. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Dermatology, Medical and Clinical Research Institute, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt.

Tinea capitis (TC) is the most common dermatophyte infection in children. Fungal culture; although a gold standard of diagnosis, requires time for the final results which can favor horizontal transmission. Trichoscopy helps in rapid diagnosis and could work as a monitoring tool during antifungal therapy. Read More

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Diagnostic approach to tinea capitis with kerion: A retrospective study.

Pediatr Dermatol 2022 May 5. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of Dermatology, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat-Gan, Israel.

Background: Kerion is an inflammatory type of tinea capitis manifesting as boggy crusted nodules. Diagnosis of kerion is often challenging due to high rates of false-negative mycological samples.

Methods: A retrospective study among children with kerion, prior to antifungal treatment, was conducted to assess rates of false-negative mycological samples. Read More

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Estimated Incidence and Prevalence of Serious Fungal Infections in Morocco.

J Fungi (Basel) 2022 Apr 17;8(4). Epub 2022 Apr 17.

Global Action for Fungal Infections, 1208 Geneva, Switzerland.

Few data are published from Morocco on fungal disease, although numerous case reports attest to a wide range of conditions in the country. Here, we estimate for the first time the incidence and prevalence of serious fungal diseases in the country. Detailed literature searches in English and French were conducted for all serious fungal infections. Read More

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Kerion Celsi caused by Microsporum gypseum in a Chinese child, a case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Apr;101(13):e28936

Department of Dermatology, Dongying People s Hospital, Dongying, Shandong, China.

Rationale: Kerion Celsi, a severe form of tinea capitis, is generally caused by zoophilic and geophilic fungi. This is the first report of an unusual case of kerion Celsi caused by Microsporum gypseum in a 6-year-old boy.

Patient Concerns: A 6-year-old boy presented to the dermatology clinic with the complaint of multiple pustules, edematous plaques over the scalp with hair loss for 1 month. Read More

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5-aminolevulinic acid-photodynamic therapy as a potential approach for kerion.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2022 Jun 5;38:102855. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Laboratory of Medical Mycology, Jining No. 1 People's Hospital, No. 6 Jiankang Road, Jining, Shandong 272000, China; Department of Dermatology, Jining No. 1 People's Hospital, No. 6 Jiankang Road, Jining, Shandong 272000, China. Electronic address:

Kerion is an inflammatory variant of tinea capitis that is caused by ringworm fungi (zoophilic dermatophytes). It often effects prepubertal children. Classically,antifungals are primarily used as therapeutic agents to treat kerion. Read More

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Epidemiology of dermatomycoses in children in Northern Mato Grosso 2015-2020.

Mycoses 2022 May 31;65(5):560-566. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Sinop, Brazil.

Objectives: Dermatomycoses, fungal diseases that affect the superficial layers of skin, hair or nails, are a public health concern due to their high prevalence. In Brazil, dermatomycoses are not notifiable diseases, so only fragmented epidemiological studies have been reported in the national literature. To evaluate the epidemiological profile of dermatomycoses in preschoolers and school children in Sinop, Mato Grosso (MT), Brazil. Read More

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An uncommon cause of tinea: Trichophyton violaceum in a German kindergarten - outbreak report and quantitative analysis of epidemiological data from Europe.

GMS Hyg Infect Control 2022 27;17:Doc02. Epub 2022 Jan 27.

Regensburg Department of Public Health, Regensburg, Germany.

: Global mobility is increasingly associated with the emergence of "unusual" infectious agents. At the beginning of 2019, a putative outbreak of occurred in a kindergarten in Regensburg, Germany, that was mainly attended by children with a migrant background. After thorough examination, the outbreak was classified as infection with violaceum. Read More

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January 2022

Role of Trichoscopy in the Management of Tinea Capitis in Two Infants: A Case Report.

J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2021 Oct-Dec;14(4):443-445

Department of Dermatology and STD, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi, India.

As tinea capitis rarely affects infants, early trichoscopic diagnosis facilitates timely institution of appropriate therapy. We report a 10-month-old female presenting with mixed pattern tinea capitis and coexisting tinea faciei wherein trichoscopy showed perifollicular scaling, comma hair, corkscrew hair, and horse-shoe hair. Case 2 was a 3-month-old female with gray patch tinea capitis, corroborated by the presence of perifollicular scaling, comma hair, corkscrew hair, and prominent telangiectasia on trichoscopy. Read More

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Alopecia syphilitica, from diagnosis to treatment.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2022 26;35(2):180-183. Epub 2022 Jan 26.

Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York.

Alopecia syphilitica (AS) is an uncommon manifestation of secondary syphilis, with a prevalence that ranges from 3% to 7%. It is a nonscarring alopecia that can present in a diffuse pattern, a moth-eaten pattern, or a mixed subtype. Due to its low prevalence and similar presentation to other forms of alopecia such as alopecia areata, telogen effluvium, and tinea capitis, dermatologists must maintain a high degree of suspicion for prompt diagnosis. Read More

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January 2022

New Epidemiological Outcomes in Anthropophilic tinea capitis, a Case Series Study in Northwestern Spain.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2022 Jan 3;113(1):T74-T77. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Departamento de Dermatología, Hospital Universitario de A Coruña, A Coruña, España.

Although zoophilic dermatophytes remain the predominant cause of tinea capitis in Spain, an increase due to anthropophilic species has been reported. We report a retrospective observational study that included 24 children, who were diagnosed with tinea capitis due to anthropophilic species between 2004 and 2019. 75% of the patients were males with a mean age of 4,88 years. Read More

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January 2022

New Epidemiological Outcomes in Anthropophilic tinea capitis, a Case Series Study in Northwestern Spain.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2022 Jan 3;113(1):74-77. Epub 2022 Feb 3.

Departamento de Dermatología, Hospital Universitario de A Coruña, Spain.

Although zoophilic dermatophytes remain the predominant cause of tinea capitis in Spain, an increase due to anthropophilic species has been reported. We report a retrospective observational study that included twenty-four children, who were diagnosed with tinea capitis due to anthropophilic species between 2004 and 2019. 75% of the patients were males with a mean age of 4,88 years. Read More

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January 2022

Kerion Celsi Caused by Nannizzia gypsea in a Two-Year-Old Child Who Had Been Hospitalized Since Birth.

Med Mycol J 2022 ;63(1):21-23

Department of Dermatology, Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital.

Nannizzia gypsea, previously known as Microsporum gypseum, is a geophilic dermatophyte that infects humans from the soil. We isolated N. gypsea from a two-year-old girl with kerion celsi. Read More

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Tinea and Tattoo: A Man Who Developed Tattoo-Associated Tinea Corporis and a Review of Dermatophyte and Systemic Fungal Infections Occurring Within a Tattoo.

Cureus 2022 Jan 13;14(1):e21210. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Dermatology/Dermatopathology, Compass Dermatopathology, San Diego, USA.

Fungal infections may occur within tattoos. These include not only dermatophyte infections (tattoo-associated tinea) but also systemic mycoses (tattoo-associated systemic fungal infections). The PubMed search engine, accessing the MEDLINE database, was used to search for all papers with the terms: (1) tinea and tattoo, and (2) systemic fungal infection and tattoo. Read More

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January 2022

Evaluation of dermatoscopic findings of alopecia areata and tinea capitis in pediatric patients.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2022 May 9;21(5):2273-2278. Epub 2022 Feb 9.

Dermatology Department, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, Health Sciences University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Pediatric patients often reveal localized alopecic foci on the scalp. The essential point upon approaching a child with localized alopecia is distinguishing the two most common causes, alopecia areata and tinea capitis, as their treatments are entirely different. Although potassium hydroxide examination is the preferred method for their clear distinction, dermatoscopy is also emerging as a rapid diagnostic tool. Read More

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Tinea capitis with multiple isolates: The interaction of nature, animal and child.

Pediatr Dermatol 2022 Mar 2;39(2):324-325. Epub 2022 Feb 2.

University Hospital Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

Tinea capitis is an infection of the scalp and hair commonly seen in the pediatric population. Detection of multiple dermatophytes is unusual, and true mixed infections have been rarely reported. Herein, we describe an 8-year-old girl with tinea capitis revealing three different dermatophyte isolates that highlight the clinical challenge posed by this phenomenon. Read More

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Changing face of epidemiology of dermatophytoses in Chinese Mainland: A 30 years nationwide retrospective study from 1991 to 2020.

Mycoses 2022 Apr 10;65(4):440-448. Epub 2022 Feb 10.

Department of Medical Mycology, Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Nanjing, China.

Background: Dermatophytoses are the most common infectious skin disease. Its epidemiology varies in different countries and regions, and its prevalence in China is still unknown.

Objectives: We aimed to reveal the epidemiological features of dermatophytoses in Chinese mainland in the past thirty years. Read More

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Tinea capitis: An update.

Pediatr Dermatol 2022 Mar 24;39(2):167-172. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Mediprobe Research Inc., London, Ontario, Canada.

Tinea capitis is an important superficial infection and affects children globally. A literature review was conducted to identify recent findings and the current understanding of this fungal infection. Here, we highlight updates on important aspects of tinea capitis including advances in dermatophyte detection and diagnosis and comparing these new methods to more traditional techniques. Read More

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Evaluation of the Multiplex Real-Time PCR DermaGenius Assay for the Detection of Dermatophytes in Hair Samples from Senegal.

J Fungi (Basel) 2021 Dec 24;8(1). Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Laboratory of Parasitology and Mycology, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Avenue Cheikh Anta Diop, Fann, Dakar BO 16477, Senegal.

For the successful treatment of dermatophytoses, especially tinea capitis, there is a need for accurate and rapid diagnostic methods. A lot of recent literature has focused on the detection of dermatophytes directly on sample material such as nails, hair and skin scrapings. Molecular tools offer the ability to rapidly diagnose dermatophytosis within 48 h. Read More

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December 2021

High-dose oral terbinafine in the treatment of pediatric tinea capitis under 2 years old.

Dermatol Ther 2022 04 20;35(4):e15320. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Department of Dermatology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China.

Tinea capitis is the most common pediatric dermatophytosis of the scalp and hair follicles that require oral antifungals therapy. It usually occurs in children between 3 and 7 years old, whereas it is rarely reported in children under 2 years old. Although oral terbinafine has been broadly used to treat tinea capitis, it is not approved for pediatric patients under 2 years old. Read More

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Epidemiologic features and risk of scarring in pediatric patients with kerion celsi.

Pediatr Dermatol 2022 Mar 13;39(2):215-219. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Pediatric Dermatology Unit, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petach Tikva, Israel.

Background: Kerion celsi represents the inflammatory extreme of tinea capitis, as a delayed hypersensitivity reaction to the causative dermatophyte. Data regarding prevalence, trends in pathogens, and risk factors for scarring are limited.

Objective: The main objective of the study is to assess clinical and epidemiologic features of children with kerion celsi and risk factors for scarring. Read More

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