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    1 OF 49

    Epidemiology of dermatophytoses in 31 municipalities of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina: A 6-year study.
    Rev Iberoam Micol 2018 Mar 29. Epub 2018 Mar 29.
    Mycology Department, INEI, ANLIS "Dr. Carlos G. Malbrán", Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Background: No reliable data are available in the province of Buenos Aires regarding the frequency of dermatophytoses and other fungal diseases. The distribution of the clinical forms and the species involved are also unknown.

    Aims: To present the data collected by the laboratories participating in the Mycology Network of the province of Buenos Aires (MNPBA) from a retrospective epidemiological survey on dermatophytoses. Read More

    The Burden of Serious Fungal Infections in Cameroon.
    J Fungi (Basel) 2018 Mar 30;4(2). Epub 2018 Mar 30.
    National Aspergillosis Centre, Wythenshawe Hospital and The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK.
    Fungal infections are frequent in Cameroon, and invasive fungal infections are sometimes detected, usually in HIV-infected patients. For these reasons, we have estimated the burden of fungal infections. Using published literature and population estimates for the at-risk group, we used deterministic modelling to derive national incidence and prevalence estimates for the most serious fungal diseases. Read More

    [Tinea capitis and onychomycosis due to Trichophyton soudanense : Successful treatment with fluconazole-literature review].
    Hautarzt 2018 Mar 27. Epub 2018 Mar 27.
    Labor für medizinische Mikrobiologie, Partnerschaft Prof. Dr. med. Pietro Nenoff & Dr. med. Constanze Krüger, 04571, Rötha/OT Mölbis, Deutschland.
    Two African girls who moved to Germany only 4 weeks ago presented to the dermatological office with itchy and scaling skin lesions of the scalp and the thighs. The entire scalp of both girls was affected by a white, dry dandruff and a squamous crust. Dry centrifugal spreading erythematosquamous lesions were found on the thighs. Read More

    Emergence of African species of dermatophytes in tinea capitis: A 17-year experience in a Montreal pediatric hospital.
    Pediatr Dermatol 2018 Mar 24. Epub 2018 Mar 24.
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec, QC, Canada.
    Background/objectives: An increase in dermatophyte infections caused by African species is reported in countries receiving African immigrants. Our goal was to determine the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of tinea capitis in children infected with African species of dermatophytes in Montreal, Canada.

    Methods: Demographic and clinical data from medical records of children infected with African species of dermatophytes were retrieved retrospectively (2000-2016) at Sainte-Justine University Hospital Center. Read More

    A study of skin disease spectrum occurring in Angola phototype V-VI population in Luanda.
    Int J Dermatol 2018 Mar 24. Epub 2018 Mar 24.
    Luanda Medical Center, Luanda, Angola.
    Background: Prevalence of skin diseases in Luanda (Angola) is unknown, and publications are barely found in the literature. We aim to describe, for the first time, the frequency of skin disease spectrum in phototype V-VI Angolan population in Luanda City.

    Methods: We included Fitzpatrick phototype V-VI Angolan patients who consulted the Dermatology Unit in Luanda Medical Center during a 1-year period. Read More

    Trichoscopy of alopecia areata: An update.
    J Dermatol 2018 Mar 22. Epub 2018 Mar 22.
    Department of Dermatology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
    The diagnosis of alopecia areata is usually based on clinical manifestations. However, there are several hair and scalp disorders that share similar clinical features with alopecia areata, such as tinea capitis, trichotillomania or traction alopecia. Trichoscopy as a fast, non-invasive and easy-to-perform technique may help to identify subtle details and establish the correct diagnosis. Read More

    [Tinea capitis by Microsporum gypseum, an infrequent species].
    Arch Argent Pediatr 2018 Apr;116(2):e296-e299
    Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital de Tomelloso, Tomelloso, Ciudad Real, España.
    Tinea capitis is considered the most frequent dermatophyte infection in children. The etiological agents vary from time to time and by geographical area, although they normally are zoophilic dermatophytes and in the last years also anthropophilic species. We report a clinical case of inflammatory tinea capitis in a 6-year-old child caused by Microsporum gypseum, a geophilic fungus pathogenic to humans and animals. Read More

    Burden of Severe Fungal Infections in Burkina Faso.
    J Fungi (Basel) 2018 Mar 11;4(1). Epub 2018 Mar 11.
    Service de Parasitologie-Mycologie, Hôpital St Antoine, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 75012 Paris, France.
    Because of the limited access to more powerful diagnostic tools, there is a paucity of data regarding the burden of fungal infections in Burkina Faso. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence and prevalence of serious fungal infections in this sub-Saharan country. We primarily used the national demographic data and performed a PubMed search to retrieve all published papers on fungal infections from Burkina Faso and its surrounding West African countries. Read More

    An Estimate of Severe and Chronic Fungal Diseases in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
    J Fungi (Basel) 2018 Mar 8;4(1). Epub 2018 Mar 8.
    Department of Clinical Mycology, Allergy and Immunology, I. Metchnikov North Western State Medical University, St. Petersburg 191015, Russia.
    Our work aimed to generate a preliminary estimation of severe and chronic fungal diseases in the Republic of Kazakhstan with a model proposed by LIFE (Leading International Fungal Education). Calculations were carried out on data from 2015. Published results of studies of mycoses in Kazakhstan were identified; in the absence of national data from the scientific literature, the frequency of life-threatening and serious mycoses in defined groups of patients at risk from other countries were taken into account. Read More

    Molecular Epidemiology of Trichophyton tonsurans, the Causative Dermatophyte of the Tinea Gladiatorum Epidemic in Japan between 2011 and 2015.
    Jpn J Infect Dis 2018 Mar 28;71(2):140-144. Epub 2018 Feb 28.
    Department of Dermatology, Kanazawa Medical University.
    Trichophyton tonsurans, a major pathogen causing tinea capitis and tinea corporis, has been isolated from contact sports-players in Japan. The molecular types of 208 strains isolated between 2011 and 2015 were determined to understand the contemporary Japanese epidemic. Of these, 142 were isolated from practitioners of judo, 28 from wrestlers, 7 from sumo wrestlers, and 31 from individuals with unknown backgrounds. Read More

    Psoriasiform Dermatophytosis in a Bulgarian Child.
    Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018 Jan 13;6(1):118-119. Epub 2018 Jan 13.
    "Onkoderma"- Policlinic for Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Sofia, Bulgaria.
    Although tinea capitis is the most common fungal infection in children, significant changes have been reported in its epidemiology worldwide, as a result from certain geographic, climatic and cultural differences in one hand, as well as the changes in its etiologic pattern. The clinical manifestation of the infection and the stage of inflammation vary from mild desquamation to severe suppurative indurated plaques in kerion - like the pattern, depending on the nature of the etiologic agent and the host-immune response. We report a case of tinea capitis profunda, caused by Trichophyton verrucosum in a 5 - year - old male patient, presented as a severe scalp and cutaneous desquamation, resembling histopathologically psoriasis, associated with severely indurated ringworm plaque in the temporal area. Read More

    Basal Cell Carcinoma Induced by Therapeutic Radiation for Tinea Capitis - Clinical Pathological Study.
    Histopathology 2018 Feb 21. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    Department of Dermatology, Sheba Medical Centre.
    Aims: An increased prevalence of aggressive histological subtypes, such as the micronodular and morpheaform, has been seen, irrespective of the clinical course, in basal cell carcinoma (BCC) following irradiation for tinea capitis. The aim of this study was to assess the histopathological features of BCCs among patients irradiated for tinea capitis and correlate them with the clinical course.

    Methods And Results: The medical records and BCC biopsy specimens of individuals who were previously irradiated for tinea capitis were revised. Read More

    Is Low-Dose Radiation Exposure a Risk Factor for Atherosclerotic Disease?
    Radiat Res 2018 Apr 20;189(4):418-424. Epub 2018 Feb 20.
    a   Institute of Molecular Pathology and Immunology of the University of Porto (IPATIMUP).
    Nontargeted late effects of radiation include an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, although this is still debatable in the context of low-dose radiation. Tinea capitis patients treated in childhood with X rays to induce scalp epilation received a low dose of radiation to their carotids. To better clarify this issue, we evaluated carotid atherosclerosis in a cohort of such patients treated in 1950-1963 in Portugal. Read More

    Characterizing the clinical isolates of dermatophytes in Hamadan city, Central west of Iran, using PCR-RLFP method.
    J Mycol Med 2018 Mar 11;28(1):101-105. Epub 2018 Feb 11.
    Infectious Diseases Research Center (IDRC), Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran. Electronic address:
    Objective: Dermatophytosis is one of the most common mycotic infections, which considered as a public health problem in the major of countries. This study evaluated the molecular epidemiology of dermatophytosis in patients referred to Farshchian hospital in Hamadan city with PCR-RFLP method.

    Materials And Methods: Four hundred and five specimens from clinically suspected patients of dermatophytosis were collected and analyzed by direct microscopic and culture. Read More

    [Dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton violaceum at the parasitology-mycology laboratory of the military hospital of Meknes (about twelve cases)].
    J Mycol Med 2018 Mar 9;28(1):1-7. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, hôpital militaire d'instruction Moulay-Ismaïl, boulevard El Hansali, 50000 Meknès, Maroc. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Trichophyton violaceum is an anthropophilic dermatophyte, common in Mediterranean and African countries, which causes particularly trichophytic tinea in school-aged children. The objective of this work is to study the clinical and epidemiological profile of T. violaceum infections. Read More

    Epidemiology of fungal infections in China.
    Front Med 2018 Feb 11;12(1):58-75. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Medical Mycology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200003, China.
    With the increasing number of immunocompromised hosts, the epidemiological characteristics of fungal infections have undergone enormous changes worldwide, including in China. In this paper, we reviewed the existing data on mycosis across China to summarize available epidemiological profiles. We found that the general incidence of superficial fungal infections in China has been stable, but the incidence of tinea capitis has decreased and the transmission route has changed. Read More

    Burden of Serious Fungal Infections in Jordan.
    J Fungi (Basel) 2018 Jan 18;4(1). Epub 2018 Jan 18.
    Division of Infection, Immunity and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, The University of Manchester, Manchester M23 9LT, UK.
    Objective: To estimate the burden of fungal infections in Jordan for the first time.

    Material And Methods: Population data was from UN 2011 statistics and TB cases from WHO in 2012. Fewer than 100 patients with HIV were recorded in Jordan in 2013. Read More

    Italian multicentre study found infectious and vaccine-preventable diseases in children adopted from Africa and recommends prompt medical screening.
    Acta Paediatr 2018 Jan 24. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Health Sciences, IRCAD (Interdisciplinary Research Center of Autoimmune Diseases), University of Piemonte Orientale Amedeo Avogadro, Novara, Italy.
    Aim: This study evaluated the prevalence of infectious diseases and immunisation status of children adopted from Africa.

    Methods: We studied 762 African children referred to 11 Italian paediatric centres in 2009-2015. Clinical and laboratory data were retrospectively collected and analysed. Read More

    Molecular epidemiology of Trichophyton quinckeanum - a zoophilic dermatophyte on the rise.
    J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2018 Jan;16(1):21-32
    Laboratory for Medical Microbiology, Mölbis, Germany.
    Background: Formerly only referred to as a subspecies (T. mentagrophytes var. quinckeanum), T. Read More

    Epidemiology of dermatophyte infections among school children in Menoufia Governorate, Egypt.
    Mycoses 2018 May 23;61(5):321-325. Epub 2018 Jan 23.
    Dermatology, Adrology and STDs Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Egypt.
    Most superficial mycotic infections of human skin are due to dermatophytes. Children are frequently affected due to different predisposing factors, particularly overcrowding in classrooms. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of dermatophytes infections and their related risk factors among school children in Menoufia Governorate, Egypt. Read More

    Epidemiological status of dermatophytosis in Guilan, north of Iran.
    Curr Med Mycol 2017 Mar;3(1):20-24
    Division of Molecular Biology, Department of Medical Mycology and Parasitology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background And Purpose: The epidemiological features of dermatophytoses have been characterized in many geographical locations of Iran, but not in Guilan, North of Iran. This study was carried out to determine the distribution pattern of dermatophytoses and their relevant agents in Guilan, North of Iran, over a period of one year, from April 2010 to April 2011.

    Materials And Methods: The clinical samples of skin, hair, and nail from 889 outpatients (317 men vs. Read More

    Composition of minerals and trace elements at Mamasani thermal source: A possible preventive treatment for some skin diseases.
    J Educ Health Promot 2017 4;6:110. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    Molecular Dermatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
    Introduction: Some skin diseases are incurable and modern medicine can only control them. In addition, alternative treatment remedies including balneotherapy can be effective in improving skin conditions. However, there are only a limited number of studies on particular mineral or trace elements of mineral sources that have been identified in Iran. Read More

    Tinea faciei in a central Portuguese hospital: A 9-year survey.
    Mycoses 2018 Apr 28;61(4):283-285. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Hospital Santo António dos Capuchos, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Tinea faciei is a relatively uncommon dermatophytosis that affects the glabrous skin of the face. The aim of this study was to analyse the epidemiologic, clinical and mycological features of tinea faciei cases diagnosed at the Dermatology and Venereology Department of Hospital Santo António dos Capuchos (Lisbon, Portugal). Consecutive cases diagnosed between 2008 and 2016 were studied retrospectively. Read More

    Tinea capitis mimicking dissecting cellulitis in three children.
    Pediatr Dermatol 2018 Jan 18;35(1):e79-e83. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
    Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
    Tinea capitis mimicking dissecting cellulitis is a rare presentation, and there is a paucity of information regarding this presentation in the literature. Three children 10-14 years of age who presented with an unusual clinical manifestation of tinea capitis that clinically resembled dissecting cellulitis are reported. The patients were treated with systemic antifungals for 3-4 months. Read More

    Tinea capitis-like infection caused by Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in a shelter for African Refugee Children in Northern Israel.
    Acta Trop 2018 Mar 13;179:44-46. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Dermatology Unit, Baruch Padeh Medical Center, Poriya, Israel; Department of Dermatology Sheba Medical Center Hospital - Tel Hashomer, Ramat Gan, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Rhodotorula is a genus of unicellular pigmented yeasts, part of the division Basidiomycota. In this article, we report three cases of refugee children in a day care shelter in northern Israel who were clinically diagnosed and treated empirically as with ringworm infection but with clean and exclusive growth of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa in repeated cultures of several skin samples. Skin infections caused by this yeast are rare and there are few reports in the literature, mainly in patients who are immunocompromised. Read More

    Antifungal activity of silver nanoparticles on Fluconazole resistant Dermatophytes identified by (GACA)4 and isolated from primary school children suffering from Tinea Capitis in Ismailia - Egypt.
    Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) 2017 Nov 30;63(11):63-67. Epub 2017 Nov 30.
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.
    Fungal infections caused by dermatophytes recently became more common. Available antifungal drugs are limited because of emergence of resistant strains due to prophylaxis with them, so there is an urgent need for novel antifungals. This study is aimed to detect the antifungal activity of silver nanoparticles (SNPs) on Fluconazole resistant dermatophytes isolated from primary school children clinically suffering from tinea capitis and attending El-Sheikh Zaid Dermatology Center in Ismailia. Read More

    Common Child and Adolescent Cutaneous Infestations and Fungal Infections.
    Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care 2018 Jan 6;48(1):3-25. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Department of Dermatology, Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH.
    Cutaneous infections and infestations are common among children and adolescents. Ectoparasitic infestations affect individuals across the globe. Head lice, body lice, scabies, and infestations with bed bugs are seen in individuals who reside in both resource poor areas and in developed countries. Read More

    [A Case of Liver Dysfunction Requiring Hospital Admission after Taking Oral Itraconazole for the Treatment of Kerion Celsi].
    Med Mycol J 2017 ;58(4):J105-J111
    Department of Dermatology, Tokyo Women' Medical University Medical Center East.
      67-year-old female patient developed drug-induced liver dysfunction after taking oral itraconazole (ITCZ) for the treatment of kerion celsi. Red papules appeared on the temporal area of the patient one month prior to her visit to our clinic. The patient presented with a nodule with yellow crust, erosion, infiltration, and hair loss on the area. Read More

    Tinea folliculorum complicating tinea of the glabrous skin: an important yet neglected entity.
    Med Mycol 2017 Oct 26. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
    Dermatophytes are capable of infecting the skin and its appendages such as nails and hairs producing a variety of clinical conditions. Hair invasion by dermatophytes is a key feature of tinea capitis and tinea barbae but not of tinea of glabrous skin. In this project, we studied the clinico-mycological aspects of follicular involvement in patients with dermatophytosis of the glabrous skin. Read More

    Syphilitic alopecia: uncommon trichoscopic findings.
    Dermatol Pract Concept 2017 Jul 31;7(3):55-59. Epub 2017 Jul 31.
    Dermatology Unit, Department of Medical, Surgical and Neuro Sciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
    Syphilitic alopecia (SA) is considered an uncommon manifestation of secondary syphilis. SA can present in a diffuse form, resembling telogen effluvium, or in a moth-eaten form that mimics a variety of conditions (i.e. Read More

    Infection by Microsporum canis in Paediatric Patients: A Veterinary Perspective.
    Vet Sci 2017 Sep 19;4(3). Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie, Università di Torino, 10095 Grugliasco, Italy.
    is a dermatophyte fungus of which cats and dogs are recognized as the natural hosts. is also easily transmitted to humans, causing lesions to the glabrous skin () and to the head (). The present study describes some cases of infection with in children from a veterinary perspective, highlighting some important features of this clinical entity (e. Read More

    Management of mycoses in daily practice.
    G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2017 Dec;152(6):642-650
    Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano, IRCCS Foundation, Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy -
    The guideline recommendations, albeit founded on thorough reviews of clinically relevant literature data, are often not immediately adaptable to everyday life. Considering the marked heterogeneity of superficial mycoses, each of them requires specific management in a real life context; in all cases diagnostic confirmation is required with microscopic and culture examination. In tinea capitis oral therapy is necessary (minimum six weeks) and should be continued until clinical and, above all, mycological healing. Read More

    Epidemiology of human dermatophytoses in Africa.
    Med Mycol 2018 Feb;56(2):145-161
    Aix-Marseille Univ, APHM, CHU Timone, IP-TPT, Parasitologie-Mycologie, Marseille, France.
    In this critical literature review, we summarize the epidemiological trends of dermatophytoses reported in Africa. Our findings clearly emphasize the heavy burden of dermatophytosis in Africa. Tinea capitis is the primary clinical presentation of dermatophytosis in African children throughout the entire African continent. Read More

    Treatment of Dermatophytosis in Elderly, Children, and Pregnant Women.
    Indian Dermatol Online J 2017 Sep-Oct;8(5):310-318
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.
    Dermatophytic infection of the skin and its appendages is a common occurrence. Though usually straightforward, treatment of dermatophytosis becomes notably challenging in certain population groups - pregnant women, children, and elderly. Treatment with topical azoles/allylamines alone is effective in limited cutaneous disease in all three groups. Read More

    Scalp Lesions in a Pediatric Patient with Hyper IgM Syndrome: Clinical and Histologic Mimicry of Cryptococcus neoformans Infection.
    J Pediatr 2018 Jan 28;192:256-258. Epub 2017 Sep 28.
    Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY; Department of Dermatology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY.
    We report a case of cutaneous cryptococcosis due to Cryptococcus neoformans in a pediatric patient with hyper IgM syndrome with scalp lesions that resembled tinea capitis on gross examination and mimicked juvenile xanthogranuloma on histologic examination. This case highlights the importance of considering cutaneous cryptococcosis in patients with hyper IgM syndrome. Read More

    Draft Genome Sequences of CMCC(F)T and CMCC(F)T by Illumina 2000 and Pacific Biosciences.
    Genome Announc 2017 Sep 28;5(39). Epub 2017 Sep 28.
    Department of Mycology, Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Science & Peking Union Medical College, Nanjing, China
    One strain of CMCC(F)T (=CBS 139224) isolated from onychomycosis and one strain of CMCC(F)T (=CBS 141829) isolated from tinea capitis in China were whole-genome sequenced by Illumina/Solexa, while the former was also sequenced by Pacific Biosciences sequencing in parallel. Read More

    Hair Loss: Common Causes and Treatment.
    Am Fam Physician 2017 Sep;96(6):371-378
    Washington Health Systems Family Medicine Residency, Washington, PA, USA.
    Hair loss is often distressing and can have a significant effect on the patient's quality of life. Patients may present to their family physician first with diffuse or patchy hair loss. Scarring alopecia is best evaluated by a dermatologist. Read More

    Kerion Celsi due to Microsporum canis with a Dermatophytid Reaction.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2017 Jul;25(2):151-154
    Biljana Gorgievska-Sukarovska, MD, Dermatology and Venereology Unit, Zabok General Hospital, Bračak 8, 49210 Zabok, Croatia;
    Microsporum (M.) canis is the most common fungus to cause tinea capitis in Europe, especially in the Mediterranean region and South and Central Europe. Fungal scalp infections caused by M. Read More

    Human Infections with Microsporum gypseum Complex (Nannizzia gypsea) in Slovenia.
    Mycopathologia 2017 Dec 24;182(11-12):1069-1075. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Microsporum gypseum complex is a group of geophillic dermatophytes with a worldwide distribution and is a rare cause of dermatomycoses in humans. The infection most commonly presents as tinea corporis, with some geographical and occupational variations. We studied M. Read More

    Tinea Capitis in Children and Trichoscopic Criteria.
    Int J Trichology 2017 Apr-Jun;9(2):47-49
    Private Practice, Tripoli, P. O. Box 3232, Libya.
    Tinea capitis is the most common pediatric superficial dermatophyte infection. The causative species vary, as for instance, Microsporum canis predominates in Europe, while Trichophyton tonsurans predominates in North America. Tinea capitis does not respond well to topical therapy alone, thus oral therapy is requisite. Read More

    Case Report of Onychomycosis and Tinea Corporis Due to Microsporum gypseum.
    J Cutan Med Surg 2018 Jan/Feb;22(1):94-96. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    2 Department of Dermatology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, USA.
    Background: Microsporum gypseum is a geophilic dermatophyte that colonises keratinous substances in the soil. Fur-bearing animals carry this dermatophyte but are rarely infected. Human infection can be acquired from the soil, carrier or infected animals, and rarely other humans. Read More

    A Practical Approach to the Diagnosis and Management of Hair Loss in Children and Adolescents.
    Front Med (Lausanne) 2017 24;4:112. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Department of Dermatology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States.
    Hair loss or alopecia is a common and distressing clinical complaint in the primary care setting and can arise from heterogeneous etiologies. In the pediatric population, hair loss often presents with patterns that are different from that of their adult counterparts. Given the psychosocial complications that may arise from pediatric alopecia, prompt diagnosis and management is particularly important. Read More

    Tinea Capitis by Microsporum audouinii: Case Reports and Review of Published Global Literature 2000-2016.
    Mycopathologia 2017 Dec 24;182(11-12):1053-1060. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Mycology Laboratory, Evandro Chagas National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fiocruz, Av. Brazil 4365 - Manguinhos, 21045-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
    Tinea capitis caused by Microsporum audouinii is reported herein from two Brazilian schoolchildren, which are brothers. Arthroconidia were evidenced on direct examination of scalp hair, and a fungus of the genus Microsporum was isolated from cultures of each patient. The isolated fungi were classified as M. Read More

    [Diseases affecting the scalp].
    Cas Lek Cesk 2017 ;156(3):137-140
    The skin of the scalp differs from the skin on the other areas of the body because of a higher density of hair follicles and higher sebum production. These, together with the presence of hair, provide a suitable environment for superficial infections, infestations and inflammatory diseases. The good condition of the scalp has a significant impact on the patient's mental well-being and social interaction. Read More

    Epidemiological survey of dermatophytosis in Damascus, Syria, from 2008 to 2016.
    Curr Med Mycol 2016 Sep;2(3):32-36
    Department of Microbiology, Faculty of pharmacy, Arab international university (AIU), Ghabaghib, Daraa Governorate, Syria.
    Background And Purpose: It is important to follow annually the probable changes in distribution pattern of dermatophytosis and its etiological agents in different communities. In this study, we determined the prevalence of dermatophytosis and its causative agents in Damascus, Syria, between 2008 and 2016.

    Materials And Methods: A total of 4080 outpatients who visited the dermatological clinics in Damascus, were evaluated. Read More

    Spectrum and burden of dermatophytes in children.
    J Infect 2017 Jun;74 Suppl 1:S54-S60
    Department of Dermatology, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, Fulham Road, London, SW10 9NH, UK. Electronic address:
    Tinea capitis is the most important superficial fungal condition in children. It is often unrecognised but the presence of alopecia, scale and lymphadenopathy, especially in inner-city children should prompt investigation. An understanding of changing epidemiology and prevalence of causative organisms is important in deciding appropriate therapy. Read More

    Remarkable Works and Cases in the History of Medical Mycology in Japan.
    Med Mycol J 2017 ;58(2):J29-J33
    Nagasaki Ekisaikai Hospital.
    Several pathogenic fungi and cases related to Japanese medical mycologists were reviewed. Trichosporon inkin (as Sarcinomyces inkin) was reported as a pathogen of scrotal lesion by Oho in 1921, and Trichosporon asahii was isolated from generalized keratotic lesions in 1922 by Akagi in Japan. They were once included in Trichophyton beigelii, but then based on revision using DNA molecular technology, were returned to their original names. Read More

    Epidemiological profile of tinea capitis in São Paulo City.
    An Bras Dermatol 2017 Mar-Apr;92(2):283-284
    School of Medical Sciences at Santa Casa de São Paulo (FCMSCSP) - São Paulo (SP), Brazil.
    Tinea capitis is the most common fungal infection in children. The identification of the etiologic agent helps clinicians make their therapeutic choice. Studies conducted in different countries show a changing pattern of the main etiological agents according to their regions. Read More

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