674 results match your criteria Tick-Borne Diseases Introduction

A Survey Among Cadets at the United States Military Academy on Knowledge and Wearing of Permethrin-Treated Uniforms and the Risk of Tick-Borne Diseases.

Mil Med 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Chemistry and Life Sciences, United States Military Academy, West Point, NY 10996, USA.

Introduction: The Army uses permethrin-treated uniforms as the primary method to protect soldiers from tick-borne diseases. Permethrin binds strongly to fabric and provides long-term protection against many blood-feeding arthropods. However, protection decreases if the uniforms are not washed and cared for according to label instructions. Read More

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Has the Spread of African Swine Fever in the European Union Been Impacted by COVID-19 Pandemic?

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Apr 28;19(9). Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Messina, 98168 Messina, Italy.

African Swine Fever (ASF) is a contagious viral disease of domestic and wild pigs, listed as notifiable by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). It causes substantial economic losses to pig farming in the affected countries, with consequent enormous damage to livestock production due to mortality of the animals, and to the restrictions on national and international trade in pigs and derivative products that the presence of the infection implies. To prevent or reduce the risk of ASF introduction, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the OIE recommend preventive and control measures, such as the ban of live swine and their products traded from ASF-affected to ASF-free countries or zones. Read More

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[Analysis of the whole-genome sequence of an ASF virus (Asfarviridae: Asfivirus: African swine fever virus) isolated from a wild boar (Sus scrofa) at the border between Russian Federation and Mongolia].

Vopr Virusol 2022 May 5;67(2):153-164. Epub 2022 May 5.

FGBI «Federal Centre for Animal Health» («ARRIAH»).

Introduction: The causative agent of African swine fever (Asfarviridae: Asfivirus: African swine fever virus) (ASF) is a double-stranded DNA virus of 175-215 nm. To date, 24 of its genotypes are known. Clustering of ASF genotype II isolates is carried out by examining a limited number of selected genome markers. Read More

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Combining hunting and intensive carcass removal to eradicate African swine fever from wild boar populations.

Prev Vet Med 2022 Jun 29;203:105633. Epub 2022 Mar 29.

Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale, Via Ca' Fornacetta, 9, 40064 Ozzano Emilia, BO, Italy.

African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly lethal viral disease, which affects different species of wild and domestic suids. After its human-caused introduction in Georgia in 2007, the ASF virus has found a new ecological reservoir in the large and continuous wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations of Eurasia, spreading both eastward and westward. ASF has also breached into the intensive pork meat production system. Read More

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Clinical course and neurological sequels after tick-borne encephalitis in children - case report.

Ann Agric Environ Med 2022 Mar 19;29(1):162-167. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Collegium Medicum, Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland.

Introduction: Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a neurotropic, tick-transmitted infection. Clinical presentation ranges from mild aseptic meningitis to severe encephalitis, and may result in long-term neurological sequels.

Objective: The aim of the study is to present the clinical features of TBE in children, and the laboratory findings, in order to identify neurological sequels and the risk of cognitive deficits in long-term TBE infections. Read More

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Could the Optiplex assay replace the traditional, two-step method of diagnosing Lyme disease?

Ann Agric Environ Med 2022 Mar 16;29(1):63-71. Epub 2022 Mar 16.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.

Introduction And Objective: Serological assays for Lyme disease (LD) routinely performed in laboratories often give inconclusive results, thereby making correct diagnosis difficult and delaying treatment. The aim of the study was to assess the usefulness of a commercial Optiplex (OB) assay in the serological diagnostics of LD. Based on the results obtained in a previous study on the seroreactivity of the sera of patients with LD to spp. Read More

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Tularaemia - a diagnostic challenge.

Ann Agric Environ Med 2022 Mar 20;29(1):12-21. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Department of Bacteriology and Biocontamination Control, National Institute of Public Health NIH - National Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland.

Introduction And Objective: Tularaemia is an infrequently occurring disease in Poland. It has therefore rarely been taken into account in the differential diagnosis of skin lesions, lymphadenitis, or soft tissue abscesses. This fact, accompanied by non-specific initial presentation, may lead to a delay in diagnosis and a more severe course of the disease. Read More

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Multidisciplinary Management of Suspected Lyme Borreliosis: Clinical Features of 569 Patients, and Factors Associated with Recovery at 3 and 12 Months, a Prospective Cohort Study.

Microorganisms 2022 Mar 12;10(3). Epub 2022 Mar 12.

Epidemiology of Emerging Diseases Unit, Institut Pasteur, 75015 Paris, France.

. Because patients with a suspicion of Lyme borreliosis (LB) may have experienced difficult care paths, the Tick-Borne Diseases Reference Center (TBD-RC) was started in 2017. The aim of our study was to compare the clinical features of patients according to their final diagnoses, and to determine the factors associated with recovery in the context of multidisciplinary management for suspected LB. Read More

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Exact Bayesian inference of epidemiological parameters from mortality data: application to African swine fever virus.

J R Soc Interface 2022 03 9;19(188):20220013. Epub 2022 Mar 9.

Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, James Clerk Maxwell Building, The King's Buildings, Edinburgh, UK.

Pathogens such as African swine fever virus (ASFV) are an increasing threat to global livestock production with implications for economic well-being and food security. Quantification of epidemiological parameters, such as transmission rates and latent and infectious periods, is critical to inform efficient disease control. Parameter estimation for livestock disease systems is often reliant upon transmission experiments, which provide valuable insights in the epidemiology of disease but which may also be unrepresentative of at-risk populations and incur economic and animal welfare costs. Read More

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Severe Fever With Thrombocytopenia Syndrome in Southeastern China, 2011-2019.

Front Public Health 2021 9;9:803660. Epub 2022 Feb 9.

Key Laboratory of Vaccine, Prevention and Control of Infectious Disease of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, China.

Introduction: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease, and the number of cases has increased in recent years in Zhejiang Province, China. However, whether the seasonal distribution, geographic distribution, and demographic characteristics of SFTS have changed with the increase of incidence was unclear.

Materials And Methods: Data on SFTS cases in Zhejiang Province and tick density in Daishan County from 2011 to 2019 were collected. Read More

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Retrospective study on the possibility of an SFTS outbreak associated with undiagnosed febrile illness in veterinary professionals and a family with sick dogs in 2003.

J Infect Chemother 2022 Jun 23;28(6):753-756. Epub 2022 Feb 23.

University of Miyazaki, 1-1 Gakuen-Kibanadai-Nishi, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging tick-born disease and its animal-to-human transmission has come to attention recently. During our sero-survey of SFTS virus (SFTSV) among veterinary professionals in 2018, a veterinarian and his assistant working in an animal hospital were tested positive by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). An additional survey implied a cluster of SFTS cases in which four more people, a family who brought two sick dogs to the animal hospital in 2003, were involved. Read More

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High-Throughput Platform for Detection of Neutralizing Antibodies Using Flavivirus Reporter Replicon Particles.

Viruses 2022 02 8;14(2). Epub 2022 Feb 8.

Institute of Virology, Medical Faculty, University of Bonn, 53127 Bonn, Germany.

Flavivirus outbreaks require fast and reliable diagnostics that can be easily adapted to newly emerging and re-emerging flaviviruses. Due to the serological cross-reactivity among flavivirus antibodies, neutralization tests (NT) are considered the gold standard for sero-diagnostics. Here, we first established wild-type single-round infectious virus replicon particles (VRPs) by packaging a yellow fever virus (YFV) replicon expressing Gaussia luciferase (Gluc) with YFV structural proteins in trans using a double subgenomic Sindbis virus (SINV) replicon. Read More

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February 2022

Low Adherence to Pneumococcal Vaccination in Lung Cancer Patients in a Tertiary Care University Hospital in Southern Germany.

Vaccines (Basel) 2022 Feb 16;10(2). Epub 2022 Feb 16.

Department of Internal Medicine 2, University Hospital Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauß-Allee 11, 93053 Regensburg, Germany.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the adherence to vaccinations, especially pneumococcal vaccinations, in lung cancer patients.

Methods: the study was performed at the University Hospital Regensburg, Germany. All patients with a regular appointment scheduled between 1 December 2020 and 29 April 2021 and who provided informed consent were included. Read More

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February 2022

Rhipicephalus capensis (Acari: Ixodidae), A geographically restricted South African tick, returning with a human traveler to the United States.

Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2022 May 31;13(3):101912. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, Diagnostics and Biologics, National Veterinary Services Laboratories, 1920 Dayton Avenue, Ames, IA 50010, USA.

Accelerated frequency of recreational travel, globalization of business, and legal and illegal plant and animal trades have contributed to enduring introductions of exotic ticks into the United States. We herein report a new incursion of a female Rhipicephalus capensis on a human traveler returning to Connecticut from South Africa. Natural distribution of R. Read More

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Comparative genomic analysis of the first Ehrlichia canis detections in Australia.

Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2022 May 25;13(3):101909. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

CSIRO, Australian Centre for Disease Preparedness, Geelong, VIC, Australia. Electronic address:

Ehrlichia canis (Rickettsiales; Anaplasmataceae) is one of the most prevalent tick-borne pathogens of dogs globally. The bacterium infects monocytes and is the aetiological agent of canine monocytic ehrlichiosis. For many decades Australia was thought to be free of the pathogen, but this abruptly changed in May 2020 when E. Read More

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Introduction of IgM testing for the diagnosis of acute Lyme borreliosis: a study of the benefits, limitations and costs.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2022 Apr 28;41(4):671-675. Epub 2022 Jan 28.

Scottish Lyme Disease and Tick-Borne Infections Reference Laboratory (SLDTRL), Raigmore Hospital, Inverness, IV2 3UJ, UK.

Testing for IgM antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi in Scottish patients with suspected Lyme borreliosis was introduced in 2018 to supplement the IgG testing already in situ. Results from 2018 to 2020 were assessed alongside available clinical data to evaluate the utility of IgM testing in serum. An estimated false positive rate of 25. Read More

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Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis as a COVID-19 Mimicker.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2021 6;8(12):003047. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Division of Pulmonology and Critical Care, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Introduction: Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) is a tick-borne illness caused by the bacterium . HGA has a widely variable clinical presentation and can be life-threatening.

Case Description: A 77-year-old man was transferred from an outside facility with altered mental status, a fever of up to 40. Read More

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December 2021

Borrelia Ocular Infection: A Case Report and a Systematic Review of Published Cases.

Ophthalmic Res 2022 17;65(2):121-130. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

Department of Medical Sciences, Section of Clinical Microbiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Introduction: Lyme borreliosis can cause many diverse manifestations, also ocular disease where the diagnosis of ocular borreliosis is challenging. The primary aim was to report on the evidence of Borrelia spirochetes in the ocular tissue in presumed ocular borreliosis.

Methods: A systematic review of pathological eye conditions was performed where Borrelia has been suspected in relevant ocular tissue, together with a case report of diagnosed uveitis with polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-confirmed Borrelia afzelii in the vitreous. Read More

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[Equine anaplasmosis and equine piroplasmosis in Germany, Austria and Switzerland - previously anecdotal, now relevant?]

Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 2022 Jan;164(1):35-50

Universitätsklinik für Pferde, Vetmeduni Wien, Österreich.

Introduction: Equine granulocytic anaplasmosis (EGA) and equine piroplasmosis (EP) are triggered by tick-borne pathogens - the intracellular bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum and the intracellular protozoa Babesia caballi and Theileria equi. These pathogens attack cells in the blood stream and cause similar clinical symptoms and changes in laboratory values. Although the treatment principles are naturally different, similarities in prophylaxis exists due to the transmission route. Read More

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January 2022

Lyme arthritis is rare in Eastern Denmark.

Dan Med J 2021 Oct 26;68(11). Epub 2021 Oct 26.

INTRODUCTION The multi-organ disease Lyme borreliosis can cause mainly large joint arthritis. No guideline exists describing how to diagnose Lyme arthritis (LA). The incidence of LA in Denmark remains unknown, but it is considered to be low. Read More

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October 2021

The Presence of in Ticks Collected from Ungulates in Continental Eastern Europe.

J Vet Res 2021 Sep 23;65(3):271-275. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Introduction: is a common tick parasite of small-to-medium size ungulates, principally in warm, temperate, and subtropical areas. Although common in livestock and showing a wide geographic distribution, its epidemiological role in tick-borne bacterial disease is barely known. This study addressed the knowledge gap and aimed to screen for the presence of and spotted fever group (SFG) species in ticks collected from domestic animals in Romania, Eastern Europe. Read More

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September 2021

Livestock and veterinary health in southern Mozambique in the beginning of the twentieth century: the case of the fight against East Coast fever.

Bárbara Direito

Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos 2021 Oct-Dec;28(4):939-959

Investigadora, Centro Interuniversitário de História das Ciências e da Tecnologia/Nova School of Science and Technology.Caparica - Portugal

Drawing on the example of southern Mozambique, this article proposes a contribution to the historiography of the social dimensions of veterinary health in colonial contexts and their effects on livestock. More specifically, it analyses the way East Coast fever, a protozoonosis of cattle, was fought in this region in the first decades of the twentieth century by highlighting the repressive nature of the sanitary police measures put in place by Portuguese authorities, how they were contested by different agents and how they opened the way for the introduction of new modes of population and spatial control. Read More

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January 2022

Stay alert: probability of African Swine Fever introduction from Eastern Asia is almost as high as from Eastern Europe.

Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 2021 Oct;164(10):651-659

Veterinary Public Health Institute, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Berne, Switzerland.

Introduction: African Swine Fever (ASF) is a severe viral disease infecting all suid species. Since the first outbreak in Georgia in 2007, it has slowly spread towards Western Europe and reached the European Union when first cases were detected in Poland and the Baltic States in 2014. ASF was first reported in China in 2018 and since then, it has spread to 14 countries within two years. Read More

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October 2021

[The CCM Project "Preventing vector-borne diseases through the development and pilot implementation of new operational supporting tools"].

Epidemiol Prev 2021 ;45(5):401-410

Istituto zooprofilattico sperimentale delle Venezie, sede di Legnaro (PD).

The relevant ecological changes due to the anthropological pressure on the planet is causing reactions in the biological systems, which we must understand and characterize at the local scale to assist the adoption of suitable decisions in the public health risk management. The project presented in this paper is focused on the vector-borne diseases, mainly transmitted by mosquitoes. The species of mosquito currently playing an active role of public health importance in Italy are Aedes albopictus, as a vector of Chikungunya, Dengue and Zika viruses, as well as Culex pipiens, as a vector of West Nile and Usutu viruses. Read More

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November 2021

[Study of the prevalence of antibodies to some arboviruses in the population of the Republic of Guinea].

Vopr Virusol 2021 11 4;66(5):346-353. Epub 2021 Nov 4.

FSHI Russian Research Anti-Plague Institute «Microbe» of the Federal Service for Surveillance of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing (Rospotrebnadzor).

Introduction: Acute febrile diseases kill more than 250,000 people annually in West Africa. Malaria and typhoid fever traditionally occupy most of the total structure of registered fevers. However, these data do not fully reflect the true overall disease patterns in the West African region. Read More

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November 2021

A new method for sampling African swine fever virus genome and its inactivation in environmental samples.

Sci Rep 2021 11 3;11(1):21560. Epub 2021 Nov 3.

VISAVET Health Surveillance Center, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

African swine fever (ASF) is currently the most dangerous disease for the global pig industry, causing huge economic losses, due to the lack of effective vaccine or treatment. Only the early detection of ASF virus (ASFV) and proper biosecurity measures are effective to reduce the viral expansion. One of the most widely recognized risks as regards the introduction ASFV into a country is infected animals and contaminated livestock vehicles. Read More

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November 2021

The clinical course of 239 cases of Japanese spotted fever in Ise Red Cross Hospital, 2006-2019.

J Infect Chemother 2022 Feb 25;28(2):211-216. Epub 2021 Oct 25.

Department of Infectious Disease, Ise Red Cross Hospital, Japan.

Introduction: Although the mortality rates associated with Japanese spotted fever (JSF) are unknown, advances in testing technology have led to an increase in JSF-induced mortality reported in clinical practice. Up-to-date clinical information is essential for accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment of JSF.

Methods: This retrospective descriptive study included patients with JSF who were treated at the Ise Red Cross Hospital between 2006 and 2019. Read More

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February 2022

Meningitis and encephalitis in Poland in 2019.

Przegl Epidemiol 2021 ;75(2):215-228

National Institute of Public Health NIH - National Research Institute, Department of Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases and Surveillance.

Introduction: The most common form of infectious diseases of the nervous system is meningitis and encephalitis. This study discusses in detail bacterial meningitis and/or encephalitis in which the etiological factors are: Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and viral - in Poland, most often caused by tick-borne encephalitis virus. In addition to routine epidemiological surveillance of diseases caused by these etiological factors, mandatory and recommended vaccinations are carried out in Poland aimed at reducing the number of cases caused by N. Read More

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October 2021

Lyme disease in Poland in 2019.

Przegl Epidemiol 2021 ;75(2):210-214

National Institute of Public Health NIH - National Research Institute, Department of Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases and Surveillance.

Introduction: Lyme disease is caused by Borrelia spirochetes transmitted by ticks of the genus Ixodes. In Poland, Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease. The entire territory of Poland is recognized by ECDC as an endemic area of Lyme disease. Read More

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October 2021

Ornithodoros turicata (Dugès) on a Feral Hog in Real County, Texas, USA.

J Wildl Dis 2022 01;58(1):238-240

Texas A&M AgriLife Research, Department of Entomology, Room 412-Heep Center-West Campus, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-2475, USA.

The potential introduction of African swine fever virus (ASFV) into the US has researchers evaluating routes of potential transmission and the establishment of sylvatic cycles. To help document vector-host associations related to ASFV transmission, the finding of O. turicata on a feral hog in Real County, Texas is reported. Read More

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January 2022