344 results match your criteria Tick Removal


Risk factors associated with the carriage of Ixodes scapularis relative to other tick species in a population of pet dogs from southeastern Ontario, Canada.

Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2018 Oct 17. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, NIG 2WI, Canada; Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, NIG 2WI, Canada. Electronic address:

In eastern North America, the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis, is the vector for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto and Anaplasma phagocytophilum, the causal agents for human and canine Lyme disease and anaplasmosis, respectively. The extensive range expansion of I. scapularis in Ontario is a growing veterinary and public health concern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2018.10.004DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Epidemiological characterization of incident cases of Rickettsia infection in rural areas of Urabá region, Colombia.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Oct 31;12(10):e0006911. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Grupo de Epidemiología, Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Introduction: Most of the studies related to rickettsial infection in Colombia are cross-sectional because of the challenge in conducting prospective studies on infectious disease that may have a difficult diagnosis. Although cross-sectional studies are essential to detect people exposed to rickettsiae, they are not suited to demonstrate the recent circulation of this pathogen in areas at risk of transmission.

Objective: To characterize the epidemiology of incident cases of Spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsial infection in humans and equines from rural areas of Urabá region in Colombia where outbreaks of rickettsiae previously occurred. Read More

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https://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article/file?id=10.1371/j
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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006911
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006911DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6242695PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Incidence of notified Lyme borreliosis in Germany, 2013-2017.

Sci Rep 2018 Oct 8;8(1):14976. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany.

Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most commonly reported tick-borne disease in Germany. In 9/16 states, notification of erythema migrans (EM), acute neuroborreliosis (NB) and Lyme arthritis (LA) is mandatory. We describe incidence measures, time trends, geographical distribution and frequencies of manifestations to better understand LB epidemiology and target prevention measures. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-33136-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-33136-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6175818PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Effects of temperature on bacterial microbiome composition in Ixodes scapularis ticks.

Microbiologyopen 2018 Sep 21:e00719. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Tick Borne Disease Research Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Genetics, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas.

Ixodes scapularis, the blacklegged deer tick, is the principal vector of Lyme disease in North America. Environmental factors are known to influence regional and seasonal incidence of Lyme disease and possibly the endemicity of the disease to the northeastern and upper mid-western regions of the United States. With a goal to understand the impact of environmental temperature on microbial communities within the tick, we investigated the bacterial microbiome of colony-reared I. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/mbo3.719
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mbo3.719DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads

Investigation of the efficacy of fluralaner spot-on (Bravecto®) against infestations of Ixodes holocyclus on cats.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Jun 26;11(1):366. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Merck Animal Health, 2 Giralda Farms, Madison, NJ, 07940,, USA.

Background: Infestation of cats with the Australian paralysis tick, Ixodes holocyclus continues to be a threat because of the paralysis that can result from attachment of just a single tick. The outcome can be fatal, particularly if tick removal and treatment is not initiated soon after the onset of paralysis. However, there are no published studies to guide veterinarians and owners on preventive measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-2924-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6019298PMC
June 2018
16 Reads

Community-based comprehensive measures to prevent severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome, China.

Int J Infect Dis 2018 Aug 9;73:63-66. Epub 2018 Jun 9.

Zhoushan Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Key Laboratory of Health Risk Factors for Seafood of Zhejiang Province, Zhoushan, Zhejiang, China; Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. Electronic address:

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging disease caused by the SFTS virus (SFTSV) of the family Bunyaviridae. Since the virus was first isolated in 2009, it has become widespread in China, with an increasing number of cases year on year. Although the disease has been researched extensively in past years, there are still no effective measures to suppress the epidemic situation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2018.06.002DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

What's eating you? Ixodes tick and related diseases, part 3: coinfection and tick-bite prevention.

Cutis 2018 May;101(5):328-330

Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA.

ticks are important vectors in the transmission of human disease. In endemic areas, infection with multiple tick-borne diseases may occur. In part 3 of this review, identification and management of coinfection with multiple pathogens is discussed. Read More

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May 2018
6 Reads

An Uncommon Presentation of Human Otoacariasis by .

Ann Dermatol 2018 Jun 23;30(3):348-350. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Ticks are obligate parasites on animals and sometimes humans. They usually suck the blood of the hosts and can carry various infectious diseases as a vector. Otoacariasis is the presence of ticks and mites within the ear canal and relatively common in domestic and wild animals. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.5021/ad.2018.30.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5021/ad.2018.30.3.348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5929955PMC
June 2018
16 Reads

What's eating you? Ixodes tick and related diseases, part 1: life cycle, local reactions, and lyme disease.

Cutis 2018 Mar;101(3):187-190

Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.

The tick is an important arthropod vector in the transmission of human disease. This 3-part review highlights the biology of the tick and manifestations of related diseases. Part 1 addresses the tick biology and life cycle; local reactions; and Lyme disease, the most prevalent of associated diseases. Read More

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March 2018
3 Reads

First characterization of fucosidases in spiders.

Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 2018 Jul 30;98(3):e21462. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Laboratory of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil.

l-fucose is a constituent of glycoconjugates in different organisms. Fucosidases catalyze the removal of fucose residues, and have been correlated to different physiological and pathological processes, such as fertilization, cancer, fucosidosis, and digestion in molluscs and ticks. An α-l-fucosidase sequence was identified from the transcriptome and proteome from the midgut diverticula of the synanthropic spider Nephilingis cruentata. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/arch.21462DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus and sensu lato in Ticks from Kosovo and Albania.

Front Vet Sci 2018 6;5:38. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

Department of Pathobiology, Institute of Parasitology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Tick-borne diseases pose a serious threat to human health in South-Eastern Europe, including Kosovo. While Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a well-known emerging infection in this area, there are no accurate data on Lyme borreliosis and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE). Therefore, we sampled and tested 795 ticks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2018.00038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5845633PMC
March 2018
6 Reads

West African Cattle Farmers' Perception of Tick-Borne Diseases.

Ecohealth 2018 06 13;15(2):437-449. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Research Fellow FNRS, Georges Lemaître Institute for Earth and Climate Research, Université catholique de Louvain, SST/SC/GEOG, Place Louis Pasteur, 3 bte L4.03.07, 1348, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.

Worldwide, cattle production is struggling to face the negative impacts caused by ticks and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus is one of the most harmful ticks for livestock. Most of the people in West Africa depend on cattle farming and subsistence agriculture. The presence of ticks on cattle is a major problem faced by smallholder farmers who fight for their livelihood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10393-018-1323-8DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

Pathogen transmission in relation to duration of attachment by Ixodes scapularis ticks.

Authors:
Lars Eisen

Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2018 03 31;9(3):535-542. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3156, Rampart Road, Fort Collins, CO 80521, United States. Electronic address:

The blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis, is the primary vector to humans in the eastern United States of the deer tick virus lineage of Powassan virus (Powassan virus disease); the protozoan parasite Babesia microti (babesiosis); and multiple bacterial disease agents including Anaplasma phagocytophilum (anaplasmosis), Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii (Lyme disease), Borrelia miyamotoi (relapsing fever-like illness, named Borrelia miyamotoi disease), and Ehrlichia muris eauclairensis (a minor causative agent of ehrlichiosis). With the notable exception of Powassan virus, which can be transmitted within minutes after attachment by an infected tick, there is no doubt that the risk of transmission of other I. scapularis-borne pathogens, including Lyme disease spirochetes, increases with the length of time (number of days) infected ticks are allowed to remain attached. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1877959X173041
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2018.01.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5857464PMC
March 2018
13 Reads

Publisher Correction: Ticks parasitised feathered dinosaurs as revealed by Cretaceous amber assemblages.

Nat Commun 2018 01 30;9(1):472. Epub 2018 Jan 30.

Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PW, UK.

The originally published version of this Article was updated shortly after publication to add the word 'Ticks' to the title, following its inadvertent removal during the production process. This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-02913-w
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-02913-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5790008PMC
January 2018
8 Reads

Early Babesia canis transmission in dogs within 24 h and 8 h of infestation with infected pre-activated male Dermacentor reticulatus ticks.

Parasit Vectors 2018 01 17;11(1):41. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Clinvet International, P.O. Box 11186, Universitas, Bloemfontein, 9321, South Africa.

Background: This study was designed to assess the ability of fed male Dermacentor reticulatus ticks to transmit Babesia canis to dogs after being detached from previous canine or ovine hosts.

Methods: The study was an exploratory, parallel group design conducted in two trials. All the animals were sero-negative for babesiosis prior to enrolment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-2637-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5772715PMC
January 2018
1 Read

The Number of Louse Eggs on Wild Japanese Macaques () Varies with Age, but Not with Sex or Season.

Int J Primatol 2017 10;38(6):1090-1101. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University, Musashino, Tokyo 180-8602 Japan.

During grooming, primates remove harmful ectoparasites, such as ticks and lice, and there is direct evidence for a health benefit of tick removal. Grooming behaviors differ among primates with respect to age and sex. Moreover, the number of ectoparasite may exhibit seasonal variation. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10764-017-9998-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10764-017-9998-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5730623PMC
November 2017
6 Reads

Integrated Control of Nymphal Ixodes scapularis: Effectiveness of White-Tailed Deer Reduction, the Entomopathogenic Fungus Metarhizium anisopliae, and Fipronil-Based Rodent Bait Boxes.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2018 01 27;18(1):55-64. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

1 Center for Vector Biology & Zoonotic Diseases , The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, Connecticut.

Pathogens transmitted by ticks are the leading cause of arthropod-associated human diseases in the United States and managing the risk of exposure to potentially infected ticks is of vital public health importance. A 3-year integrated tick management program to control blacklegged ticks, Ixodes scapularis, the primary vector for the pathogenic agents of Lyme disease, human anaplasmosis, and babesiosis, was implemented in the town of Redding in southwestern Connecticut beginning in 2013. Combinations of white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, reduction, area application of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae, and fipronil-based rodent bait boxes were evaluated for their ability to reduce nymphal I. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2017.2146DOI Listing
January 2018
5 Reads

Strategies for the control of Rhipicephalus microplus ticks in a world of conventional acaricide and macrocyclic lactone resistance.

Parasitol Res 2018 Jan 20;117(1):3-29. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Bayer Animal Health GmbH, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Alee 10, 51368, Leverkusen, Germany.

Infestations with the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus microplus, constitute the most important ectoparasite problem for cattle production in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, resulting in major economic losses. The control of R. microplus is mostly based on the use of conventional acaricides and macrocyclic lactones. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00436-017-5677-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-017-5677-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5748392PMC
January 2018
3 Reads

A tiny tick can cause a big health problem.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2017 Nov;65(11):1228-1232

Former Professor, Electron Microscopy Centre, Plymouth University, England, United Kingdom.

Ticks are tiny crawling bugs in the spider family that feed by sucking blood from animals. They are second only to mosquitoes as vectors of human disease, both infectious and toxic. Infected ticks spread over a hundred diseases, some of which are fatal if undetected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_411_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5700604PMC
November 2017
2 Reads

Surveillance for Lyme Disease - United States, 2008-2015.

MMWR Surveill Summ 2017 11 10;66(22):1-12. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, CDC.

Problem/condition: Lyme disease is the most commonly reported vectorborne disease in the United States but is geographically focal. The majority of Lyme disease cases occur in the Northeast, mid-Atlantic, and upper Midwest regions. Lyme disease can cause varied clinical manifestations, including erythema migrans, arthritis, facial palsy, and carditis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.ss6622a1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5829628PMC
November 2017
18 Reads

Two randomized, controlled studies to assess the efficacy and safety of lotilaner (Credelio™) in preventing Dermacentor reticulatus transmission of Babesia canis to dogs.

Parasit Vectors 2017 Nov 1;10(1):520. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Elanco Animal Health, Mattenstrasse 24a, CH-4058, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Dogs worldwide are at risk of Babesia spp. infections. Preventive efficacy of lotilaner tablets (Credelio™, Elanco) against Babesia canis was evaluated in two studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-017-2473-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5664908PMC
November 2017
2 Reads

Laboratory evaluation of the speed of kill of lotilaner (Credelio™) against Ixodes ricinus ticks on dogs.

Parasit Vectors 2017 Nov 1;10(1):541. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Elanco Animal Health, Mattenstrasse 24a, 4058, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: With the geographical expansion of tick species and increased recognition of pathogens they transmit, there is a requirement for safe and rapidly effective control measures for dogs. Lotilaner, a novel isoxazoline, is rapidly absorbed following administration of a flavored chewable tablet formulation (Credelio™), providing at least 98% efficacy for at least 1 month following assessments at 48 h post-treatment, and following subsequent challenges. A study was conducted to determine the speed with which lotilaner kills ticks. Read More

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http://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-017-2467-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5664588PMC
November 2017
14 Reads

Important knowledge gaps among pastoralists on causes and treatment of udder health problems in livestock in southern Ethiopia: results of qualitative investigation.

BMC Vet Res 2017 Oct 23;13(1):303. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

International Livestock Research Institute, P. O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Ethiopia has high prevalences of udder health problems including clinical and subclinical mastitis across production systems in different livestock species. Previous studies on udder health problems have largely focused on identification of mastitis causing microbial pathogens and associated risk factors. However, relatively little is known about the knowledge and beliefs of livestock keepers regarding udder health problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-017-1222-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5651631PMC
October 2017
3 Reads

Toxic action of Acmella oleracea extract on the male reproductive system of Amblyomma cajennense ticks.

Vet Parasitol 2017 Sep 29;244:164-171. Epub 2017 Jul 29.

Department of Biology, Institute of Biosciences, São Paulo State University, UNESP, Av. 24 A, n° 1515, 199, 13506-900, Rio Claro, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

The present study evaluated through morphohistological and histochemical techniques the effects of different concentrations of crude ethanolic extract of A. oleracea (EEAO) (Jambu) on the male reproductive system of Amblyomma cajennense sensu stricto (s.s. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03044017173033
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2017.07.031DOI Listing
September 2017
21 Reads

Transmission of the Lyme Disease Spirochete Borrelia mayonii in Relation to Duration of Attachment by Nymphal Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae).

J Med Entomol 2017 Sep;54(5):1360-1364

Division of Vector-Borne Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, CO 80521.

The recently recognized Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia mayonii, has been detected in host-seeking Ixodes scapularis Say ticks and is associated with human disease in the Upper Midwest. Although experimentally shown to be vector competent, studies have been lacking to determine the duration of time from attachment of a single B. mayonii-infected I. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjx089DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5968629PMC
September 2017
11 Reads

In situ stabilization of NAPL contaminant source-zones as a remediation technique to reduce mass discharge and flux to groundwater.

J Contam Hydrol 2017 09 25;204:40-56. Epub 2017 Jul 25.

Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, United States.

Widely used flushing and in-situ destruction based remediation techniques (i.e. pump-and treat, enhanced-solubilization, and chemical oxidation/reduction) for sites contaminated by nonaqueous phase liquid (NAPL) contaminant sources have been shown to be ineffective at complete mass removal and reducing aqueous-phase contaminant of concern (COC) concentrations to levels suitable for site closure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2017.07.007DOI Listing
September 2017
4 Reads

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding ticks and tick-borne diseases, Finland.

Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2017 10 6;8(6):872-877. Epub 2017 Jul 6.

Department of Health Security, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) and Lyme borreliosis (LB) are endemic in Finland, with tens and thousands of cases, respectively, reported annually. We performed a field survey to investigate people's knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) regarding ticks, tick-borne diseases, and prevention strategies. The KAP were assessed using a pre-validated anonymous questionnaire consisting of 39 questions and statements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2017.07.004DOI Listing
October 2017
13 Reads

Persistence of subclinical deformed wing virus infections in honeybees following Varroa mite removal and a bee population turnover.

PLoS One 2017 7;12(7):e0180910. Epub 2017 Jul 7.

Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Deformed wing virus (DWV) is a lethal virus of honeybees (Apis mellifera) implicated in elevated colony mortality rates worldwide and facilitated through vector transmission by the ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor. Clinical, symptomatic DWV infections are almost exclusively associated with high virus titres during pupal development, usually acquired through feeding by Varroa mites when reproducing on bee pupae. Control of the mite population, generally through acaricide treatment, is essential for breaking the DWV epidemic and minimizing colony losses. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0180910PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5501613PMC
September 2017
4 Reads

Human otoacariasis caused by Amblyomma testudinarium: Diagnosis and management: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Jun;96(26):e7394

aDepartment of Otolaryngology, Yoshida General Hospital, Hiroshima bDepartment of Otolaryngology, Aichi Medical University, Aichi cDepartment of Cardiology, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.

Rationale: Tick infestation of the external auditory canal (EAC) constitutes <1% of all patients presenting with ear complaints. Consequently, parameters for the diagnosis and management of ticks in the EAC have not been established.

Patient Concerns: We report 2 cases of EAC infestation by Amblyomma testudinarium in 2 female patients, aged 12- and 72 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000007394DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5500095PMC
June 2017
11 Reads

Population structure of the soft tick and its associated infectious agents within a colony of its seabird host .

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2017 Aug 26;6(2):122-130. Epub 2017 May 26.

MIVEGEC UMR 5290 CNRS IRD UM, Centre IRD, 911 Avenue Agropolis, BP 64501, 34394 Montpellier, France.

The epidemiology of vector-borne zoonoses depends on the movement of both hosts and vectors, which can differ greatly in intensity across spatial scales. Because of their life history traits and small size, vector dispersal may be frequent, but limited in distance. However, little information is available on vector movement patterns at local spatial scales, and particularly for ticks, transmitting the greatest diversity of recognized infectious agents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2017.05.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5460746PMC
August 2017
28 Reads

Retrospective Case Reports of Two Central North Carolina Residents: Frequency of Tick Bites and Associated Illnesses, 2001-2014.

N C Med J 2017 May-Jun;78(3):156-163

biostatistics lecturer, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; biostatistician, Rho, Inc., Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Tick bites are a source of illness and disease agents that may lead to morbidity and occasional fatalities in North Carolina. Public health interest in tick-borne illness and disease has increased due to continuing discoveries of tick-borne diseases and their increasing geographic spread and disease incidence. There are no data published on lay individuals with cumulative tick bites and associated illnesses over a period of years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18043/ncm.78.3.156DOI Listing
July 2018
18 Reads

Changing the electronic request form proves to be an effective tool for optimizing laboratory test utilization in the emergency department.

Int J Med Inform 2017 06 8;102:29-34. Epub 2017 Mar 8.

Department of Laboratory Diagnostics, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Kišpatićeva 12, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia.

Objectives: Appropriate laboratory utilization more often than not needs to be initiated by the laboratory. This study was performed to analyze the impact on test ordering patterns in the emergency department obtained by omitting certain tests from the electronic tick box request form. The tests could still be ordered by writing the full name of the test or by a phone call. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2017.03.002DOI Listing
June 2017
4 Reads

Effective methods for tick removal: A systematic review.

J Evid Based Med 2017 Aug;10(3):177-188

Centre for Evidence-Based Practice, Belgian Red Cross, Mechelen, Belgium.

Aim: Providing evidence-based first aid training to lay people is a cost-effective intervention. This systematic review aimed to collect the best available evidence on effective methods to remove a tick, performed by lay people.

Methods: A systematic search was performed searching the Cochrane Library (via Wiley), MEDLINE (via the PubMed interface), and Embase (via the Embase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jebm.12257DOI Listing
August 2017
2 Reads

Ticks and Tick Bites Presenting as "Funny Moles": A Review of Different Presentations and a Focus on Tick-borne Diseases.

J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2017 Mar 1;10(3):46-50. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York.

To describe a man with an adherent tick mimicking a melanoma, summarize the salient features of this condition, and review other cases of ticks mistaken for dermatoses. Ticks are obligatory ectoparasites. Disease-causing ticks belong to two families: (hard ticks) and (soft ticks). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5367882PMC
March 2017
4 Reads

Chemical structure influence on NAPL mixture nonideality evolution, rate-limited dissolution, and contaminant mass flux.

J Contam Hydrol 2017 03 3;198:11-23. Epub 2017 Feb 3.

Department of Geological Sciences, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, United States.

The influence of chemical structure on NAPL mixture nonideality evolution, rate-limited dissolution, and contaminant mass flux was examined. The variability of measured and UNIFAC modeled NAPL activity coefficients as a function of mole fraction was compared for two NAPL mixtures containing structurally-different contaminants of concern including toluene (TOL) or trichloroethene (TCE) within a hexadecane (HEXDEC) matrix. The results showed that dissolution from the NAPL mixtures transitioned from ideality for mole fractions >0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2017.02.001DOI Listing
March 2017
1 Read

Tick Infestation of Eyelid: Two Case Reports.

Turk J Ophthalmol 2016 Oct 17;46(5):248-250. Epub 2016 Oct 17.

Ordu University Training and Research Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Ordu, Turkey.

Tick infestation of the eyelid is a rare but serious condition that can lead to Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. In this report, we describe two cases who presented with tick infestation of the eyelid. Neither patient developed systemic disease or adverse sequelae after tick extraction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/tjo.43660DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5200840PMC
October 2016
1 Read

Deer tick masquerading as pigmented conjunctival lesion.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2017 Apr 30;5:97-98. Epub 2016 Dec 30.

VitreoRetinal Surgery PA, 7760 France Ave S., Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Purpose: Conjunctival adherence of a tick is an uncommon event with few reports previously cited in the literature. We report a unique case of tick penetration, specifically a black-legged deer tick (), into the conjunctiva.

Observations: This patient experienced a 3-week history of unilateral mild ocular pain, decreased vision, and pigmented lesion of her right eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2016.12.018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5758024PMC
April 2017
2 Reads

Tick Infestation of the Eyelid and Removal With Forceps and Punch Biopsy.

J Craniofac Surg 2016 Nov;27(8):2098-2100

Dongguk University Gyeongju Hospital, Gyeongju-si, South Korea.

Ocular tick infestation can occur in any age group or sex with exposure in an endemic setting. All parts of the ocular tissue have been reported to be susceptible to tick infestation. The authors present a rare patient with tick infestation of eyelid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000003079DOI Listing
November 2016
2 Reads

Anaplasma marginale Outer Membrane Protein A Is an Adhesin That Recognizes Sialylated and Fucosylated Glycans and Functionally Depends on an Essential Binding Domain.

Infect Immun 2017 03 23;85(3). Epub 2017 Feb 23.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, School of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia, USA

causes bovine anaplasmosis, a debilitating and potentially fatal tick-borne infection of cattle. Because is an obligate intracellular organism, its adhesins that mediate entry into host cells are essential for survival. Here, we demonstrate that outer membrane protein A (AmOmpA; AM854) contributes to the invasion of mammalian and tick host cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/IAI.00968-16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5328490PMC
March 2017
15 Reads

Zika virus is not thermostable: very effective virus inactivation during heat treatment (pasteurization) of human serum albumin.

Transfusion 2017 03 17;57(3pt2):797-801. Epub 2016 Dec 17.

Global Pathogen Safety, Shire (previously Baxalta), Vienna, Austria.

Background: The ongoing Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in the Americas has also raised concerns around the potential for ZIKV transmission via blood products. Plasma-derived products are considered safe, because effective viral-inactivation and removal methods are implemented in their manufacturing processes. However, a recent study has indicated that ZIKV is "thermally stable" compared with the closely related Dengue virus, thus raising the question of whether heat treatments, as embedded in the manufacturing of plasma-derived products, are as effective against ZIKV as was previously shown for other Flaviviruses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/trf.13953DOI Listing
March 2017
7 Reads

Pet-Related Infections.

Authors:
Michael J Day

Am Fam Physician 2016 Nov;94(10):794-802

School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol, Langford, United Kingdom.

Physicians and veterinarians have many opportunities to partner in promoting the well-being of people and their pets, especially by addressing zoonotic diseases that may be transmitted between a pet and a human family member. Common cutaneous pet-acquired zoonoses are dermatophytosis (ringworm) and sarcoptic mange (scabies), which are both readily treated. Toxoplasmosis can be acquired from exposure to cat feces, but appropriate hygienic measures can minimize the risk to pregnant women. Read More

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November 2016
12 Reads

Rare Cause of Facial Palsy: Case Report of Tick Paralysis by Ixodes Holocyclus Imported by a Patient Travelling into Singapore from Australia.

J Emerg Med 2016 Nov 9;51(5):e109-e114. Epub 2016 Sep 9.

Division of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Department of Surgery, National University Health System, Singapore.

Background: Ticks are blood-sucking arachnids that feed on all classes of vertebrates, including humans. Ixodes holocyclus, also known as the Australian Paralysis Tick, is capable of causing a myriad of clinical issues in humans and companion animals, including the transmission of infectious agents, toxin-mediated paralysis, allergic and inflammatory reactions, and mammalian meat allergies in humans. The Australian Paralysis Tick is endemic to Australia, and only two other exported cases have been reported in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2016.02.031DOI Listing
November 2016
11 Reads

Metabolization and degradation kinetics of the urban-use pesticide fipronil by white rot fungus Trametes versicolor.

Environ Sci Process Impacts 2016 Oct;18(10):1256-1265

ReNUWIt Engineering Research Center, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA and Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, 473 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

Fipronil is a recalcitrant phenylpyrazole-based pesticide used for flea/tick treatment and termite control that is distributed in urban aquatic environments via stormwater and contributes to stream toxicity. We discovered that fipronil is rapidly metabolized (t = 4.2 d) by the white rot fungus Trametes versicolor to fipronil sulfone and multiple previously unknown fipronil transformation products, lowering fipronil concentration by 96. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c6em00344cDOI Listing
October 2016
6 Reads

Nested coevolutionary networks shape the ecological relationships of ticks, hosts, and the Lyme disease bacteria of the Borrelia burgdorferi (s.l.) complex.

Parasit Vectors 2016 Sep 23;9(1):517. Epub 2016 Sep 23.

National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Antonie van Leeuwenhoeklaan 9, 3721 MA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

Background: The bacteria of the Borrelia burgdorferi (s.l.) (BBG) complex constitute a group of tick-transmitted pathogens that are linked to many vertebrate and tick species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-016-1803-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5035442PMC
September 2016
28 Reads

Bald Eagle Nestling Mortality Associated with Argas radiatus and Argas ricei Tick Infestation and Successful Management with Nest Removal in Arizona, USA.

J Wildl Dis 2016 10 1;52(4):940-944. Epub 2016 Aug 1.

US Geological Survey, National Wildlife Health Center, 6006 Schroeder Road, Madison, Wisconsin 53711, USA.

Eight Bald Eagle ( Haliaeetus leucocephalus ) nestlings heavily infested with larval ticks were found in or under a nest near the confluence of the Verde and Salt rivers in Arizona in 2009-11. The 8-12-wk-old nestlings were slow to respond to stimuli and exhibited generalized muscle weakness or paresis of the pelvic limbs. Numerous cutaneous and subcutaneous hemorrhages were associated with sites of tick attachment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7589/2015-10-271DOI Listing
October 2016
1 Read

Tackling tick removal.

Authors:

Health After 50 Sci Am Consum Health 2016 Jul;28(6)

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July 2016
1 Read

Novel technique of dog tick removal from the eyelid.

Acta Ophthalmol 2016 Dec 15;94(8):e819-e820. Epub 2016 Jul 15.

Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Center, Singapore.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aos.13165DOI Listing
December 2016
3 Reads

The effect of water and shampooing on the efficacy of fluralaner spot-on solution against Ixodes ricinus and Ctenocephalides felis infestations in dogs.

Parasit Vectors 2016 05 31;9(1):233. Epub 2016 May 31.

MSD Animal Health Innovation GmbH, Zur Propstei, 55270, Schwabenheim, Germany.

Background: Fluralaner spot-on solution provides immediate and persistent efficacy against tick and flea infestations in dogs and cats for 12-weeks following topical administration. The active ingredient fluralaner is distributed systemically following transdermal absorption. Therefore, this study tested the hypothesis whether water-immersion or shampooing of dogs following administration of fluralaner spot-on solution has an impact on subsequent tick and flea efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-016-1367-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4886437PMC
May 2016
22 Reads