8,471 results match your criteria Thyroid Cancer in Children


Psychosocial Characteristics and Experiences in Patients with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2 (MEN2) and Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma (MTC).

Children (Basel) 2022 May 25;9(6). Epub 2022 May 25.

Pediatric Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) is a genetic cancer syndrome for which there are limited data pertaining to the quality of life and psychosocial experiences of persons affected. Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a rare disease of the thyroid gland often associated with MEN2. MTC often progresses slowly and may present with a myriad of physical symptoms including hair loss, sleep disturbance, fatigue, weight changes, heart palpitations, and constipation or diarrhea. Read More

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Epidemiology of Cancer Among Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Compared to The General Population.

Gulf J Oncolog 2022 May;1(39):7-15

The Medicine Department, MOHAP, Dubai, UAE.

Background: Kidney disease has a major effect on global health, both as direct cause of morbidity and mortality and as an important factor for other comorbid diseases including malignancy. Different studies report a higher risk of cancer development in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but the impact of less sever CKD on risk of cancer is uncertain. However, data concerning the cancer risk in Oman CKD including dialysis patients is scarce. Read More

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Gastrointestinal metastatic signet ring cell breast cancer in young females: a case report.

Gland Surg 2022 May;11(5):943-952

Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Shandong Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, Jinan, China.

Background: Signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is characterized by strong invasiveness and rapid progression. It occurs mostly in young and middle-aged patients, and early patients may have no clinical symptoms. Gastric SRCC with breast cancer metastasis is relatively rare. Read More

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: Over- or Under-Iodination Risk in the Prophylactic Use of Iodine for Thyroid Blocking in the Event of a Nuclear Disaster.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 26;13:901620. Epub 2022 May 26.

Pediatric Department, "Vittore Buzzi" Children's Hospital, Milan, Italy.

Iodine is an essential element for the production of thyroid hormones (THs). Both deficient and excess iodine intakes may precipitate in adverse thyroidal events. Radioactive iodine (RI) is a common byproduct of nuclear fission processes. Read More

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The Impact of Iodine Concentration Disorders on Health and Cancer.

Nutrients 2022 May 26;14(11). Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Internal Medicine and Oncological Chemotherapy, Medical University of Silesia, 40-027 Katowice, Poland.

Iodine deficiency is an ongoing problem. The implementation of salt iodization has significantly reduced the effects of iodine deficiency worldwide in recent years, and the remaining iodine deficiency is mild to moderate. Iodine is an essential substrate for the synthesis of thyroid hormones in the thyroid gland. Read More

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'Miliary metastasis' in a child with papillary thyroid cancer.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Jun 7;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Paediatrics and Child Health, Stellenbosch University Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Cape Town, South Africa

Lung disease with diffuse nodules has a broad differential diagnosis. We present a case of childhood papillary thyroid carcinoma with diffuse lung metastases in which the diagnosis was delayed due to fact that the diffuse nodules were considered to be pathognomonic of miliary tuberculosis. Diffuse nodular lung disease in children requires a careful diagnostic approach. Read More

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Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: Current Position in Epidemiology, Genomics, and Classification.

Authors:
Alfred K Lam

Methods Mol Biol 2022 ;2534:1-15

Cancer Molecular Pathology of School of Medicine and Dentistry, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.

Papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most common type of thyroid malignancy both in adults and pediatric population. Since the 1980s, there are changes in criteria in labelling thyroid lesions as "papillary thyroid carcinomas." Radiation exposure is a well-established risk factor for papillary thyroid carcinoma. Read More

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Risk and Prognostic Factors for BRAF Mutations in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.

Biomed Res Int 2022 18;2022:9959649. Epub 2022 May 18.

Chongqing Medical and Pharmaceutical College, Chongqing 400030, China.

Background: Over the past ten years, the incidence rate of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) worldwide has been increasing rapidly year by year, with the incidence rate increasing 6% annually. PTC has become the malignant tumor with the highest growth rate in the world that fourteen PTC-related mutant genes have been identified. Whether the BRAF mutation related to more aggressive clinicopathologic features and worse outcome in PTC remains variable and controversial. Read More

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Relationship between subgroups of central and lateral lymph node metastasis in clinically node-negative papillary thyroid carcinoma.

World J Clin Cases 2022 Apr;10(12):3709-3719

Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China.

Background: Lymph node metastasis (LNM) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) has a certain regularity and occurs first to the central lymph node and then to the lateral lymph node. The pathway of PTC LNM can guide surgical prophylactic lymph node dissection (LND) for clinical surgeons.

Aim: To investigate the relationship between subgroups of central LNM and lateral LNM in unilateral clinically node-negative PTC (cN0-PTC). Read More

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Follow-Up of Thyroid Function in Children With Neonatal Hyperthyroidism.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 4;13:877119. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Paediatrics and Endocrinology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Introduction: Neonatal hyperthyroidism mainly occurring in the children born to mothers with Graves' disease (GD). The influence of maternal GD on the newborn's thyroid function includes not only hyperthyroidism, but also various forms of hypothyroidism. Maternally transferred thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAb), the antithyroid drug (ATD) administration during pregnancy and previous definitive treatment of GD (radioactive iodine therapy or thyroidectomy) in the mother impact the function of the fetal/neonatal thyroid. Read More

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Long-Term Oncological Outcomes of Papillary Thyroid Cancer and Follicular Thyroid Cancer in Children: A Nationwide Population-Based Study.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 4;13:899506. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Introduction: Pediatric thyroid carcinoma is a rare malignancy and data on long-term oncological outcomes are sparse. The aim of this study was to describe the long-term oncological outcomes of pediatric papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) in a national cohort, and to identify risk factors for recurrence.

Methods: We conducted a nationwide, retrospective cohort study, in which we combined two national databases. Read More

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The 2015 American Thyroid Association guidelines and trends in hemithyroidectomy utilization for pediatric thyroid cancer.

Head Neck 2022 May 21. Epub 2022 May 21.

Department of Otolaryngology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Background: In 2015, the American Thyroid Association (ATA) released its inaugural recommendations for the management of thyroid cancer in children. We aim to evaluate whether there has been a change in hemithyroidectomy utilization for pediatric differentiated thyroid cancer, and the association between those changes and the release of the ATA guidelines.

Methods: The National Cancer Database was queried and identified 4776 patients ≤18 years old with differentiated thyroid cancer. Read More

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Association of thyroid peroxidase antibodies and thyroglobulin antibodies with thyroid function in pregnancy - an individual participant data meta-analysis.

Thyroid 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, 12223, Department of Preventive Medicine, Los Angeles, California, United States;

Objectives: Thyroid autoimmunity is common in pregnant women and associated with thyroid dysfunction and adverse obstetric outcomes. Most studies focus on thyroid peroxidase autoantibodies (TPOAbs) assessed by negative-positive dichotomy and rarely take into account thyroglobulin autoantibodies (TgAbs). This study aimed at determining the association of TPOAbs and TgAbs, respectively and interdependently, with maternal thyroid function. Read More

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USP13 genetics and expression in a family with thyroid cancer.

Endocrine 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Group for Advanced Molecular Investigation (NIMA), Graduate Program in Health Sciences (PPGCS), School of Medicine (EM), Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUCPR), Curitiba, Brazil.

Purpose: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type of thyroid carcinoma and its incidence has greatly increased in the last 30 years. Ubiquitin-specific protease 13 (USP13) is a class of deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) and plays an important role in cellular functions such as cell cycle regulation, DNA damage repair, and different cell signaling pathways. Studies regarding the role of USP13 in cancer development and progression are divergent and there are no previous data regarding the role of USP13 gene in PTCs. Read More

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Considerations for Balance Between Fundamental Treatment and Improvement of Quality of Life of Pediatric Thyroid Cancer Patient: Comparative Analysis With Adult Using Propensity Score Matching.

Front Pediatr 2022 28;10:840432. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Background: Thyroid cancer is very rarely observed in children and adolescents, some reports have shown that the long-term outcome of treatment is better than that of adult patients, despite many treatment failures or a high risk of recurrence. This study considers whether it is appropriate to treat pediatric thyroid cancer patients aggressively, as per the ATA guidelines, based on the balance between the fundamental treatment of thyroid cancer and the improvement of the long-term quality of life of pediatric patients.

Methods: A total of 1,950 patients were recruited, including 83 pediatric and 1,867 adult patients, who were diagnosed with thyroid cancer and underwent surgical treatment at one of our medical center hospitals from March 2000 to January 2020. Read More

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Sodium Tanshinone IIA Sulfonate as a Potent IDO1/TDO2 Dual Inhibitor Enhances Anti-PD1 Therapy for Colorectal Cancer in Mice.

Front Pharmacol 2022 27;13:870848. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Thyroid Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Although the antitumor efficacy of immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) has been proved in colorectal cancer (CRC), the results are unsatisfactory, presumably owing to the presence of tryptophan metabolism enzymes indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) and tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase 2 (TDO2). However, only a few dual inhibitors for IDO1 and TDO2 have been reported. Here, we discovered that sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS), a sulfonate derived from tanshinone IIA (TSN), reduced the enzymatic activities of IDO1 and TDO2 with a half inhibitory concentration (IC) of less than 10 μM using enzymatic assays for natural product screening. Read More

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Cohort profile: Scotland's record-linkage e-cohorts of people with intellectual disabilities, and autistic people (SCIDA).

BMJ Open 2022 05 13;12(5):e057230. Epub 2022 May 13.

Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Purpose: To investigate health, mortality and healthcare inequalities experienced by people with intellectual disabilities, and autistic people, and their determinants; an important step towards identifying and implementing solutions to reduce inequalities. This paper describes the cohorts, record-linkages and variables that will be used.

Participants: Scotland's Census, 2011 was used to identify Scotland's citizens with intellectual disabilities, and autistic citizens, and representative general population samples with neither. Read More

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Aggressiveness of Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma in Pediatric Patients Younger Than 16 years: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis.

Front Oncol 2022 26;12:872130. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Surgery, CHA Ilsan Medical Center, Goyang-si, South Korea.

Background: The biological behavior of thyroid cancer in children has been known to be different from that in adults. We sought to understand the differences between DTC presentation in pediatric (<16 years) and adult patients, to guide better prognosis and clinical treatments.

Methods: This retrospective study included 48 pediatric patients younger than 16 years who underwent initial thyroid surgery and were diagnosed with DTC between January 1992 and December 2014 at Yonsei University in Seoul, South Korea. Read More

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Incidence of thymic tissue in pediatric thyroidectomy.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2022 Jul 4;158:111168. Epub 2022 May 4.

Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 4650 Sunset Blvd. MS#58, Los Angeles, CA, 90027, USA; Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Southern California, 9033 Wilshire Blvd #305, Beverly Hills, CA, 90211, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: The nuances in the technical approach to pediatric thyroidectomy have been sparsely reported in the literature. No previous studies have reported on the rates of unintentional thymic tissue excision during pediatric thyroidectomy. In this study, we sought to describe the rates of thymic tissue excision noted on surgical specimens from pediatric thyroidectomies and investigate any correlations with preoperative factors and long-term outcomes. Read More

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Evolution of Bordetella pertussis in the acellular vaccine era in Norway, 1996 to 2019.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2022 Jun 11;41(6):913-924. Epub 2022 May 11.

Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

We described the population structure of Bordetella pertussis (B. pertussis) in Norway from 1996 to 2019 and determined if there were evolutionary shifts and whether these correlated with changes in the childhood immunization program. We selected 180 B. Read More

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Protocols for measuring phosphorylation, subcellular localization, and kinase activity of Hippo pathway components YAP and LATS in cultured cells.

STAR Protoc 2022 03 17;3(1):101102. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

Department of Pharmacology and Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.

The Hippo pathway plays critical roles in cell growth, differentiation, development, tissue homeostasis, and cancer. Here, we describe protocols to measure phosphorylation, subcellular localization, and kinase activity for core Hippo pathway components YAP and LATS. The phos-tag technology is particularly useful to quantitatively detect protein phosphorylation even without a phosphospecific antibody. Read More

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Case report of atypical Lemierre's Syndrome associated with infection without internal or external jugular venous thrombophlebitis.

Respir Med Case Rep 2022 18;37:101651. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Department of Pediatrics, Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

is an anaerobe that is commensal to the human oral cavity. It is usually a component of periodontal plaque that is emerging as a pathogen and quickly attracting attention of the medical and research communities. It has been even discovered in bronchoalveolar lavage of some patients with lung cancer. Read More

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Lifetime attributable risk of radiation induced second primary cancer from scattering and scanning proton therapy - A model for out-of-field organs of paediatric patients with cranial cancer.

Radiother Oncol 2022 07 30;172:65-75. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Cancer Research Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia; Department of Physics, University of Adelaide, Australia.

Background And Purpose: Proton therapy (PT) can reduce side effects for paediatric cranial malignancies. Despite the high number of paediatric patients treated with PT, radiation induced risk factors for second primary cancer (SPC) in out-of-field organs are unknown. This study estimated lifetime attributable risk (LAR) of SPC as a function of age and sex for out-of-field organs following passive scattering and scanning beam PT in paediatric brain tumours. Read More

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[A girl with a tumor at the base of the tongue].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2022 03 10;166. Epub 2022 Mar 10.

Amsterdam UMC, Emma Kinderziekenhuis, Amsterdam: Afd. Radiologie en Nucleaire Geneeskunde.

An 8-year-old girl with a lingual thyroid was evaluated because of a tumor at the base of the tongue. Ultrasound showed a hypoechogenic homogeneous parenchymatous structure at the base of the tongue consistent with thyroid tissue. Suboptimal levothyroxine treatment resulted in longstanding TSH stimulation causing a lingual goiter. Read More

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CTCF-Induced lncRNA C5orf66-AS1 Facilitates the Progression of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer via Sponging miR-149-5p to Up-Regulate CTCF and CTNNB1 to Activate Wnt/β-Catenin Pathway.

Mol Cell Biol 2022 Jun 2;42(6):e0018821. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of General Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) represents one of the subtypes of breast cancer with high aggressiveness. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are well-known to function as crucial regulators in human cancers which include TNBC. Nevertheless, the specific role of the lncRNA C5orf66-AS1 in TNBC is unclear. Read More

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Genetic predisposition to papillary thyroid carcinoma is mediated by a long non-coding RNA TINCR enhancer polymorphism.

Int Immunopharmacol 2022 Aug 27;109:108796. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Immunology, West China School of Basic Medical Sciences & Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, PR China; Laboratory of Molecular Translational Medicine, Center for Translational Medicine, Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children (Sichuan University), Ministry of Education, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, PR China. Electronic address:

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the enhancer region have been demonstrated to confer to altered enhancer activities, aberrant gene expression, and cancer susceptibility. In this study, we aimed to examine the association between an SNP, rs8101923, within terminal differentiation-induced non-coding RNA (TINCR) and the risk of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Blood samples from 559 patients with PTC and 445 healthy individuals were collected. Read More

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[Definitive treatment of Graves' disease in children].

Probl Endokrinol (Mosk) 2022 04 11;68(2):104-111. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Endocrinology Research Centre.

Background: Hyperthyreoidism due to Graves' disease is a rare disorder in pediatric practice. There is 2 treatment options in Graves' disease: medical treatment and definitive treatment, including surgery and radioactive iodine. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages. Read More

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Secondary thyroid carcinoma in survivors of childhood cancer: A need to revise current screening recommendations.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2022 Jul 30;97(1):137-139. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

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