3,341 results match your criteria Thyroid Anaplastic Carcinoma

Prognostic Value of the Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio before and after Radiotherapy for Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 15;13(8). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul 06351, Korea.

The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a marker of systemic inflammation, and its elevation has recently been associated with poor survival in many solid cancers. Leukocyte elevation and lymphocyte reduction are associated with a poor response to radiotherapy (RT). This study aimed to assess the prognostic value of NLR before and after RT for anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC). Read More

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A Remarkable and Durable Response to Sintilimab and Anlotinib in the First-Line Treatment of an Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma without Targetable Genomic Alterations: A Case Report.

Onco Targets Ther 2021 20;14:2741-2746. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing Key Laboratory of Clinical Study on Anticancer Molecular Targeted Drugs, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is a rare and highly aggressive fatal tumor. Most ATC patients using traditional surgery or radio-chemotherapy have poor prognosis and experience recurrence in a very short time. There is no optimal therapy for ATC, and the median survival time is about 5 months. Read More

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[The Therapy of Malignant Thyroid Disease from ENT-Perspective].

Laryngorhinootologie 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Klinik für Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde, Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Introduction:  Malignant tumours of the thyroid gland show a rising incidence. As in the ENT-department Bad Hersfeld the management of thyroid disorders has been in focus for a longer period, we want to share our experiences in this field.

Material And Methods:  The investigation started in the year of 2014 till July 2020. Read More

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Metastatic leiomyosarcoma of the thyroid: A rare entity.

Malays J Pathol 2021 Apr;43(1):69-73

Universiti Sains Malaysia, School of Medical Sciences, Deparment of Pathology, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Cancer metastasis to the thyroid gland from non-thyroid sites is a rare presentation in clinical practice. The most frequent primary cancers that metastasise to the thyroid are renal cell carcinoma, followed by colorectal, lung and breast. We report a case of a 64-year-old Malay lady who presented with anterior neck swelling 4 years after an initial diagnosis of uterine leiomyosarcoma. Read More

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Impact of molecular testing on detecting mimics of oncocytic neoplasms in thyroid fine-needle aspirates diagnosed as follicular neoplasm of Hürthle cell (oncocytic) type.

Cancer Cytopathol 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Background: Some thyroid nodules cytologically presenting as follicular neoplasm, Hürthle cell (Oncocytic) type (FNHCT), are not oncocytic tumors and represent autonomously functioning thyroid nodules (AFTNs) with TSHR, GNAS, and EZH1 mutations or oncocytic metaplasia. A to be defined subset of FNHCT harbors genome haploidisation-type DNA copy number alterations (GH-CNA). Molecular profiling of FNHCT may distinguish oncocytic neoplasms from its mimics. Read More

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Identification of an immune-related signature indicating the dedifferentiation of thyroid cells.

Cancer Cell Int 2021 Apr 23;21(1):231. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery Section II, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University/Yunnan Cancer Hospital, 519 Kunzhou Road, Kunming, China.

Background: Immune cells account for a large proportion of the tumour microenvironment in anaplastic thyroid carcinomas (ATCs). However, the expression pattern of immune-related genes (IRGs) in ATCs is unclear. Our study aimed to identify an immune-related signature indicating the dedifferentiation of thyroid cells. Read More

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Clinical Utility of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology for Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Trachea with Thyroid Invasion: A Case Report.

J Nippon Med Sch 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Endocrine Surgery, Nippon Medical School.

Background: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the trachea (ACCT) is a rare cancer; ACCT with thyroid invasion is particularly rare. We first suspected anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) but diagnosed ACC after performing fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). A tracheal origin was confirmed after operation. Read More

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Progress in Treating Advanced Thyroid Cancers in the Era of Targeted Therapy.

Thyroid 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit St, Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114;

Background: Thyroid cancer is a common malignancy whose detection has increased significantly in past decades. Most of the increased incidence is due to detection of early well-differentiated thyroid cancer, but the incidence of more advanced thyroid cancers has increased as well. Recent methodological advancements have allowed for a deep understanding of the molecular underpinnings of the various types of thyroid cancer. Read More

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Inflammatory biomarkers and dynamics of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in lenvatinib treatment for anaplastic thyroid carcinoma.

Gland Surg 2021 Mar;10(3):852-860

Department of Surgery, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama City, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background: Inflammatory biomarkers have been reported to be associated with anticancer drug efficacy in various cancers. This study aimed to investigate the associations between baseline inflammatory biomarkers or dynamics of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and treatment outcomes of lenvatinib in ATC.

Methods: Twenty ATC patients whose complete blood count were available were included in this study. Read More

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Gold-Based Nanoplataform for the Treatment of Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma: A Step Forward.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Mar 12;13(6). Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Research Institute for Medicines (iMed.ULisboa), Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade de Lisboa, 1649-003 Lisbon, Portugal.

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is a very rare subtype of thyroid carcinoma and one of the most lethal malignancies. Poor prognosis is mainly associated with its undifferentiated nature, inoperability, and failing to respond to the typically used therapies for thyroid cancer. Photothermal Therapy (PTT) entails using light to increase tissues' temperature, leading to hyperthermia-mediated cell death. Read More

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Prognostic Factors and Survival Score for Patients With Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma: A Retrospective Study from a Regional Registry.

Anticancer Res 2021 Mar;41(3):1555-1561

Department of Radiation Therapy, Institut Godinot, Reims, France.

Background/aim: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is the least common but most lethal of thyroid cancer, despite various therapeutic options, with limited efficacy. In order to help therapeutic decision-making, the purpose of this study was to develop a new prognostic score providing survival estimates in patients with ATC.

Patients And Methods: Based on a multivariate analysis of 149 retrospectively analyzed patients diagnosed with ATC from 1968 to 2017 at a referral center, a propensity score was developed. Read More

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Percutaneous thermal ablation of lung metastases from thyroid carcinomas. A retrospective multicenter study of 107 nodules. On behalf of the TUTHYREF network.

Endocrine 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Radiology, Institut Bergonié, Bordeaux, France.

Purpose: To determine efficacy and safety of thermal ablation (TA) for the local treatment of lung metastases of thyroid cancer.

Methods: We retrospectively studied 47 patients from 10 centers treated by TA (radiofrequency, microwaves, and cryoablation) over 10 years. The endpoints were overall survival (OS), local efficacy, complications (CTCAE classification), and factors associated with survival. Read More

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The Clinical and Pathological Characteristics of Malignant Struma Ovarii: An Analysis of 144 Published Patients.

Front Oncol 2021 5;11:645156. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University & Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong Key Laboratory of Rheumatic Disease and Translational Medicine, Shandong Institute of Nephrology, Jinan, China.

The objective of this study is to summarize the clinical and pathologic characteristics of malignant struma ovarii to facilitate the early diagnosis and treatment of this disease. All 144 patients were females from 27 countries. The mean age of the patients at diagnosis was 42. Read More

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Progression of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma to Anaplastic Carcinoma in Metastatic Lymph Nodes: Solid/Insular Growth and Hobnail Cell Change in Lymph Nodes Are Predictors of Subsequent Anaplastic Transformation.

Endocr Pathol 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Pathology, University of Yamanashi, Chuo, Yamanashi, Japan.

Most anaplastic thyroid carcinomas (ATCs) arise from papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). This process is also called anaplastic transformation, and the morphological harbingers of this phenomenon in nodal recurrence have not been assessed systematically. For this reason, the current study focused on features of 10 PTCs with regional lymph node recurrence that was accompanied with disease progression due to anaplastic transformation in at least one of the nodal recurrences. Read More

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Epidemiology of Thyroid Carcinomas in North Macedonia (1999-2015).

J Prim Care Community Health 2021 Jan-Dec;12:21501327211004286

University Ss Cyril and Methodius, Medical Faculty, Skopje, R. of N. Macedonia.

Objective: We have set as objective to analyze epidemiological data of diagnosed thyroid carcinoma (TC) cases, incidence and prevalence rate by gender, age, histopathological type, and statistical regions in R. of N. Macedonia during the period 1999 to 2015. Read More

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Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma with leucocytosis.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2020 Oct-Dec;32(Suppl 1)(4):S678-S680

Department of Pathology, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, Pakistan.

Background: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma is a high-grade tumour with poor prognosis. Most of the cases are easily diagnosed on cytology and some of these are associated with increased neutrophils in cytology specimen as well as in the blood. The objective of the study is to determine the frequency of neutrophilia with fever in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. Read More

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Comparison of Proteomics Profiles Between Xenografts Derived from Cell Lines and Primary Tumors of Thyroid Carcinoma.

J Cancer 2021 31;12(7):1978-1989. Epub 2021 Jan 31.

Department of Head and neck & thyroid surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital; People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, 310010, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Patient-consistent xenograft model is a challenge for all cancers but particularly for thyroid cancer, which shows some of the greatest genetic divergence between human tumors and cell lines. In this study, proteomic profiles of tumor tissues from patients, included anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) and papillary thyroid carcinoma, and xenografts (8305C, 8505C, FRO, BAPAP and IHH4) were obtained using HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry and compared based on all proteins detected (3,961), cancer-related proteins and druggable proteins using pairwise Pearson's correlation analysis. The human tissue showed low proteomic similarity to the ATC cell lines (8305C, r = 0. Read More

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January 2021

Diallyl trisulphide, a H S donor, compromises the stem cell phenotype and restores thyroid-specific gene expression in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cells by targeting AKT-SOX2 axis.

Phytother Res 2021 Mar 9. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

NHC Key Laboratory of Nuclear Medicine, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Nuclear Medicine, Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Wuxi, China.

It is widely accepted that anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC), a rare, extremely aggressive malignant, is enriched by cancer stem cells (CSCs), which are closely related to the pathogenesis of ATC. In the present study, we demonstrated that diallyl trisulphide (DATS), a well-known hydrogen sulphide (H S) donor, suppressed sphere formation and restored the expression of iodide-metabolizing genes in human ATC cells, which were associated with H S generation. Two other H S donors, NaHS and GYY4137, could also suppress the self-renewal properties of ATC cells in vitro. Read More

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Development of a rational strategy for integration of lactate dehydrogenase A suppression into therapeutic algorithms for head and neck cancer.

Br J Cancer 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Background: Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is a critical metabolic enzyme. LDH A (LDHA) overexpression is a hallmark of aggressive malignancies and has been linked to tumour initiation, reprogramming and progression in multiple tumour types. However, successful LDHA inhibition strategies have not materialised in the translational and clinical space. Read More

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The Time Series Behavior of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio in Thyroid Cancer Patients on Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapy.

ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2021 Mar 18:1-7. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Surgery, Ito Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) reveals the balance of immune system is and associated with survival in various type of cancers. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) improve patient survival with progressing thyroid cancer and are said to have less side effects, and are considered good palliation.

Objective: This study evaluated the time series behavior of NLR in advanced thyroid carcinoma patients on TKI therapy and examined what percentage of patients received TKIs in the last month of life. Read More

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Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma with Initial Ultrasonography Features Mimicking Subacute Thyroiditis.

Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) 2021 Feb 24;36(1):201-202. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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February 2021

Genetic Profiles of Aggressive Variants of Papillary Thyroid Carcinomas.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Feb 20;13(4). Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88, Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul 05505, Korea.

Aggressive variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) have been described with increasing frequency and are associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes. However, limited data exist on the comprehensive genetic profile of these variants. We performed targeted next-generation sequencing in 36 patients with aggressive variants of PTC and compared it to PTC from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project and poorly differentiated thyroid cancers (PDTCs)/anaplastic thyroid cancers (ATCs) from the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC). Read More

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February 2021

Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology and Histological Types of Thyroid Cancer in the Elderly: Evaluation of 9070 Patients from a Single Referral Centre.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Feb 22;13(4). Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Section of Pathology, University Hospital of Pisa, Via Roma 57, 56126 Pisa, Italy.

Background: The prevalence of thyroid nodules increases with age. Their management takes into account the presence of co-morbidities, which are frequent among the elderly. We sought to highlight the differences between the elderly and the general population in cytological and histological diagnoses. Read More

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February 2021

Ym155 Induces Oxidative Stress-Mediated DNA Damage and Cell Cycle Arrest, and Causes Programmed Cell Death in Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Cells.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Feb 16;22(4). Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Departments of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, LSU Health Shreveport, 1501 Kings Highway, Shreveport, LA 71103, USA.

Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is one of the most lethal malignancies with a median survival time of about 4 months. Currently, there is no effective treatment, and the development of new therapies is an important and urgent issue for ATC patients. YM155 is a small molecule that was identified as the top candidate in a high-throughput screen of small molecule inhibitors performed against a panel of ATC cell lines by the National Cancer Institute. Read More

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February 2021

Tumor Type Agnostic Therapy Carrying BRAF Mutation: Case Reports and Review of Literature.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2021 Feb 16;14(2). Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Medical, Surgery and Health Sciences, University of Trieste, Piazza Ospitale 1, 34129 Trieste, Italy.

Background: Precision medicine is based on molecular and genotypic patient characterization to define specific target treatment. BRAF mutation is an oncogenic driver, and the Cancer Genome Atlas has identified BRAF mutations in different cancer types. Tumor type agnostic therapy is based on targeting genomic alterations, regardless of tumor origin. Read More

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February 2021

Effects of melatonin on the toxicity and proliferation of human anaplastic thyroid cancer cell line.

Acta Histochem 2021 Apr 2;123(3):151700. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Thyroid carcinoma is the most common endocrine malignancy and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is a rare but most aggressive cancer. Melatonin has enhanced or induced apoptosis in many different cancer cells, however, there has not been any study on the effects of melatonin in the treatment of ATC. In this study, we examined the effect of melatonin on cytotoxicity in the human ATC cell line. Read More

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Clinical Utility of Circulating Cell-Free DNA Mutations in Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma.

Thyroid 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Endocrine Neoplasia and Hormonal Disorders, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA.

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is an aggressive thyroid cancer that requires a rapid diagnosis and treatment to achieve disease control. Gene mutation profiling of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in peripheral blood may help to facilitate early diagnosis and treatment selection. The relatively rapid turnaround time compared with conventional tumor mutation testing is a major advantage. Read More

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Dramatic clinical response to dabrafenib plus trametinib in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma and the challenges faced during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Arch Endocrinol Metab 2021 Feb 15. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Division of Endocrinology, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina,

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma is the rarest tumor of the thyroid gland, representing less than 2% of clinically recognized thyroid cancers. Typically, it has an extremely rapid onset, fatal outcomes in most cases, and a median overall survival of 3 to 10 months despite aggressive multidisciplinary management. The presence of targetable mutations in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma patients is an opportunity for treatment when conventional therapeutics approaches are not effective, a frequent situation in the majority of patients. Read More

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February 2021

Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma: Current Issues in Genomics and Therapeutics.

Curr Oncol Rep 2021 Feb 13;23(3):31. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Cancer Molecular Pathology, School of Medicine, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Gold Coast, QLD, 4222, Australia.

Purpose Of Review: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma is a type of thyroid carcinoma with the most aggressive biological behaviour amongst thyroid cancer. Here, we review the current genomic and the impacts of advances in therapies to improve the management of patients with the cancer.

Recent Findings: Common mutations being identified in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma are p53 and TERT promoter mutations. Read More

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February 2021