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    2698 results match your criteria Thyroid Anaplastic Carcinoma

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    Exceptional Response with Immunotherapy in a Patient with Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer.
    Oncologist 2017 Aug 4. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    Indiana University School of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
    Chemotherapy with or without radiation is the standard therapy for anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC), although the response rate is not high and not durable. We describe a 52-year-old male who was diagnosed with ATC and initially treated with a thyroidectomy and lymph node dissection, followed by chemotherapy. Next generation sequencing was then performed to guide therapy and the tumor was found to have BRAF and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) positivity that was subsequently treated with vemurafenib and nivolumab. Read More

    The role of microRNAs in different types of thyroid carcinoma: a comprehensive analysis to find new miRNA supplementary therapies.
    J Endocrinol Invest 2017 Jul 31. Epub 2017 Jul 31.
    Cellular and Molecular Biology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    The most common endocrine malignancy is thyroid cancer, and researchers have made a great deal of progress in deciphering its molecular mechanisms in the recent years. Many of molecular changes observed in thyroid cancer can be used as biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis, and therapeutic targets for treatment. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important parts in biological and metabolic pathways such as regulation of developmental stages, signal transduction, cell maintenance, and differentiation. Read More

    Relationship between driver gene mutations, their relative protein expressions and survival in non-small cell lung carcinoma in Macao.
    Clin Respir J 2017 Jul 29. Epub 2017 Jul 29.
    Department of Pathology, Kiang Wu Hospital, Macau Special Administrative Region, Macau, China.
    Objectives: We report the status of most common gene mutations in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) in Macao, and explore the relationship between each gene mutation and clinicopathologic features and survival.

    Methods: EGFR, KRAS and BRAF mutations were detected by PCR in 122 cases of NSCLC. ALK translocation and MET amplification were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Read More

    Size of thyroid carcinoma by histotype and variants: A population-based study in a mildly iodine-deficient area.
    Head Neck 2017 Jul 24. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.
    Background: Data relating the size of thyroid cancer with histological types and variants are scarce.

    Methods: All incident thyroid cancer diagnosed between 2003 and 2012 in a mildly iodine-deficient area were derived from a population-based tumor registry. Undifferentiated/anaplastic thyroid cancer and incidental cases were excluded. Read More

    Molecular alterations of coexisting thyroid papillary carcinoma and anaplastic carcinoma: identification of TERT mutation as an independent risk factor for transformation.
    Mod Pathol 2017 Jul 21. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    Department of Pathology, University of Yamanashi, Chuo, Yamanashi, Japan.
    Thyroid papillary carcinoma is the most common endocrine neoplasm and generally carries a favorable prognosis. However, a small subset of papillary carcinomas transforms into anaplastic carcinoma, an undifferentiated cancer with a dismal prognosis. Recent studies using next-generation sequencing revealed the genomic landscape of papillary carcinoma and anaplastic carcinoma. Read More

    CCL2 is Modulated by Cytokines and PPAR-g in Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer.
    Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2017 Jul 19. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    University of Pisa - Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine Pisa. Italy.
    Background And Objective: Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand (CCL)2, the prototype Th2 chemokine, is secreted by tumor cells, and has growth promoting effects. Whether CCL2 protumorigenic activities will be validated, then CCL2 and its receptor CCR2 may be therapeutic targets in cancer.

    Methods: We tested in "primary human anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) cells" (ANA) versus "normal thyroid follicular cells" (TFC): a) CCL2 secretion basally, after IFN-g and/or TNF-a stimulation; b) PPARg activation by thiazolidinediones (TZDs), rosiglitazone or pioglitazone, on CCL2 secretion, and on proliferation and apoptosis in ANA. Read More

    Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma: from clinicopathology to genetics and advanced therapies.
    Nat Rev Endocrinol 2017 Jul 14. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    Endocrine Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University Hospital of Pisa.
    Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is a rare malignancy, accounting for 1-2% of all thyroid cancers. Although rare, ATC accounts for the majority of deaths from thyroid carcinoma. ATC often originates in a pre-existing thyroid cancer lesion, as suggested by the simultaneous presence of areas of differentiated or poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Read More

    Anaplastic carcinoma of thyroid gland with widespread soft tissue metastasis: an unusual presentation.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 Jul 13;2017. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
    Department of Oncology, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College, Karachi, Pakistan.
    Anaplastic thyroid cancer is the rarest tumour of the thyroid gland, representing only 2% of clinically recognised thyroid cancers. The most common metastatic sites are lungs, followed by the intrathoracic and neck lymph nodes. We report the case of a 62-year-old woman who presented to our setting with multiple soft tissue nodules, thyroid mass, head swelling and weight loss. Read More

    Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma: 10-Year Experience in a Southeast Asian Population.
    Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) 2017 Jun;32(2):288-295
    Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Philippine General Hospital, Manila, Philippines.
    Background: No previous studies have been published on poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC) in Southeast Asia.

    Methods: We included all adult PDTC patients diagnosed using the Turin criteria at the Philippine General Hospital from 2006 to 2015. The data collected included demographics, clinical presentation, histopathology, treatment, and outcomes. Read More

    Patterns of failure in anaplastic and differentiated thyroid carcinoma treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy.
    Curr Oncol 2017 Jun 27;24(3):e226-e232. Epub 2017 Jun 27.
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre.
    Background: The radiotherapy (rt) volumes in anaplastic (atc) and differentiated thyroid carcinoma (dtc) are controversial.

    Methods: We retrospectively examined the patterns of failure after postoperative intensity-modulated rt for atc and dtc. Computed tomography images were rigidly registered with the original rt plans. Read More

    Galectin-1 is a diagnostic marker involved in thyroid cancer progression.
    Int J Oncol 2017 Sep 4;51(3):760-770. Epub 2017 Jul 4.
    Laboratory of Human Anatomy and Experimental Oncology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Mons, Mons, Belgium.
    Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is the most commonly used pre-operative technique for diagnosis of malignant thyroid tumor. However, many benign lesions, with indeterminate diagnosis following FNA, are referred to surgery. Based on multifunctionality of the endogenous galectin-1, we aimed to assess its status for early diagnosis of thyroid cancer. Read More

    Phase 2 study evaluating the combination of sorafenib and temsirolimus in the treatment of radioactive iodine-refractory thyroid cancer.
    Cancer 2017 Jun 29. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.
    Background: Patients with recurrent and/or metastatic, radioactive iodine-refractory thyroid carcinoma have limited treatment options. Sorafenib, an oral kinase inhibitor, is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of radioactive iodine-refractory thyroid carcinoma, although it demonstrated low response rates (12.2%) as a single agent in the first-line setting. Read More

    A Case of a Rapidly Enlarging Neck Mass with Airway Compromise.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 May 1;11(5):OD14-OD16. Epub 2017 May 1.
    Division Director, Department of Internal Medicine, St. Barnabas Hospital, Bronx, New York, USA.
    Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma (ATC) is one of the most lethal tumours in humans, extremely rare in occurrence and very aggressive in nature. We hereby present a rare case of ATC with airway compromise. A 66-year-old male, presented complaining of a non-tender anterior neck mass rapidly increasing in size associated with dry cough, hoarseness and voice changes. Read More

    A rare presentation: A case report of osseous metaplasia and mature bone formation in a follicular adenoma of the thyroid.
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2017 17;37:83-86. Epub 2017 Jun 17.
    Surgical Oncologist, Department of Surgery, Texas Tech University School of Medicine, Amarillo, TX, USA. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Cases of multinodular goiter, thyroid hyperplasia, follicular adenoma, papillary thyroid carcinoma, and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma have been reported with histopathologic findings of osseous metaplasia (OM), bone marrow metaplasia (BMM), ectopic bone formation (EBF), ossification, and extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH). To date no report of a follicular adenoma with OM and mature EBF in the absence of EMH has been reported in the English language.

    Presentation Of Case: 63-year-old woman with an incidental finding of thyroid nodule unable to be biopsied. Read More

    Sorafenib in Japanese Patients with Locally Advanced or Metastatic Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma and Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma.
    Thyroid 2017 Jul 24. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    8 Medical Affairs, Oncology and Hematology, and Clinical Development, Specialty Medicine, Bayer Yakuhin Ltd. , Tokyo, Japan .
    Background: Therapeutic options for treating advanced or metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) are still limited in Japan, even though vandetanib for MTC and lenvatinib for MTC and ATC have been approved. Sorafenib is an oral multikinase inhibitor approved for the treatment of patients with radioactive iodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). An uncontrolled, open-label, multicenter, single-arm, Phase 2 clinical study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of sorafenib in Japanese patients with MTC and ATC. Read More

    [Clinical characteristics and prognosis of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma].
    Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2017 Jun;39(6):434-438
    Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Zhejiang Province Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou 310022, China.
    Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer. Methods: Clinical data of 56 patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 2006 to June 2016 were retrospectively reviewed and followed up. Results: Of the 56 patients, there were 24 male and 32 female. Read More

    [BRAF-positive paucicellular variant of anaplastic carcinoma in the presence of tall cell variant papillary thyroid cancer].
    Arkh Patol 2017 ;79(3):27-33
    Academician B.V. Petrovsky Russian Surgery Research Center, Moscow, Russia.
    To paper describes a case of paucicellular anaplastic cancer in the presence of tall cell variant papillary thyroid carcinoma. Microscopic examination showed that the differentiated component of the tumor was composed of papillary structures with tall cells, the height of which exceeded 3-4 times the width. Its anaplastic component consisted of fibrous tissue with occasional spindle-shaped cells and focal lymphocytic infiltration to the extent of 70%. Read More

    Chemical Characterization and Biological Activities of Phenolic-Rich Fraction from Cauline Leaves of Isatis tinctoria L. (Brassicaceae) Growing in Sicily, Italy.
    Chem Biodivers 2017 Aug 29;14(8). Epub 2017 Jul 29.
    Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Biologiche, Farmaceutiche ed Ambientali, University of Messina, Polo Annunziata, Viale Annunziata, IT-98168, Messina.
    The present work focused on the evaluation of the antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of the phenolic-rich fraction (ItJ-EAF) obtained from cauline leaves collected in January from Isatis tinctoria L. (Brassicaceae) growing wild around Acireale (Sicily, Italy). The total phenolic, flavonoid, and condensed tannin contents of the fraction were determined spectrophotometrically, whereas the phenolic profile was assessed by HPLC-PDA/ESI-MS analysis. Read More

    Papillary thyroid carcinoma metastasizing to anaplastic meningioma: an unusual case of tumor-to-tumor metastasis.
    Brain Tumor Pathol 2017 Jul 9;34(3):130-134. Epub 2017 Jun 9.
    Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences, London Health Sciences Centre, London, ON, Canada.
    Tumor-to-tumor metastasis is a relatively uncommon entity, whereby the so-called 'recipient' tumor is involved by another biologically unrelated 'donor' tumor. Intracranially, meningioma (WHO grade 1) is the most common recipient tumor, while breast and lung cancers are the most common donor tumors. We present an unusual case of intracranial tumor-to-tumor metastasis involving papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) believed to have metastasized to an anaplastic meningioma (WHO grade 3). Read More

    Differential regulation of monocarboxylate transporter 8 expression in thyroid cancer and hyperthyroidism.
    Eur J Endocrinol 2017 Sep 2;177(3):243-250. Epub 2017 Jun 2.
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism and Division of Laboratory ResearchUniversity of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
    Objective: Thyroid hormone (TH) transporters are expressed in thyrocytes and most play a role in TH release. We asked whether expression of the monocarboxylate transporter 8 (MCT8) and the L-type amino acid transporters LAT2 and LAT4 is changed with thyrocyte dedifferentiation and in hyperfunctioning thyroid tissues.

    Design And Methods: Protein expression and localization of transporters was determined by immunohistochemistry in human thyroid specimen including normal thyroid tissue (NT, n = 19), follicular adenoma (FA, n = 44), follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC, n = 45), papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC, n = 40), anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC, n = 40) and Graves' disease (GD, n = 50) by calculating the 'hybrid' (H) score. Read More

    Thyroglobulin Determination in Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy Washout of Suspicious Lymph Nodes in Thyroid Carcinoma Follow Up.
    Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2017 May 30. Epub 2017 May 30.
    University of Bari, Bari. Italy.
    Background: Differentiated thyroid carcinomas (DTCs) account for about 1% of all human malignancies. Cervical lymph nodes metastases and recurrences in the thyroid bed frequently occur. Furthermore, about 10-15% of patients develop distant metastases. Read More

    Metastatic thyroid carcinoma without identifiable primary tumor within the thyroid gland: a retrospective study of a rare phenomenon.
    Hum Pathol 2017 Jul 25;65:133-139. Epub 2017 May 25.
    Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer center, New York, NY, USA, 10065. Electronic address:
    Metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) without an identifiable primary tumor despite extensive microscopic examination of the thyroid gland is a rare but true phenomenon.We retrieved 7 of such cases and described in detail the clinical and pathologic features of these tumors. BRAF V600E immunohistochemistry and Sequenom molecular profile were conducted in selected cases. Read More

    Epigenetic modifications in poorly differentiated and anaplastic thyroid cancer.
    Mol Cell Endocrinol 2017 May 25. Epub 2017 May 25.
    Yale Endocrine Neoplasia Laboratory, Section of Endocrine Surgery, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA; Department of Surgery, Section of Endocrine Surgery, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. Electronic address:
    Well-differentiated thyroid cancer accounts for the majority of endocrine malignancies and, in general, has an excellent prognosis. In contrast, the less common poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC) and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) are two of the most aggressive human malignancies. Recently, there has been an increased focus on the epigenetic alterations underlying thyroid carcinogenesis, including those that drive PDTC and ATC. Read More

    A study of FoxA1 expression in thyroid tumors.
    Hum Pathol 2017 Jul 22;65:217-224. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Department of Histopathology, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester M20 4BX, UK; Institute of Cancer Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester M20 4BX, UK. Electronic address:
    FoxA1 regulates a variety of tissues during embryogenesis and early life. In thyroid, FoxA1 expression has recently been shown in C cells and medullary thyroid carcinomas but not in follicular cells. FoxA1 has also been proposed as a potential oncogene in anaplastic thyroid carcinomas. Read More

    Atypical adenoma of the thyroid diagnosed as anaplastic cancer by cytopathology.
    Diagn Cytopathol 2017 May 22. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Kita 15, Nishi 7, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-8638, Japan.
    Atypical adenoma of the thyroid is a rare form of tumor, and its accurate diagnosis prior to surgical resection is difficult as the histological and pathological morphologies are very similar to those of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC), and its anaplastic transformation remains to be elucidated. We reported a case of a 75-year-old female with a thyroid isthmus nodule diagnosed repeatedly by FNAC as anaplastic carcinoma. Both the first and second FNAC specimen slides showed a large number of scattered or aggregated atypical cells consisting of large, pleomorphic nuclei with irregular membranes, chromatin clumps and prominent nucleoli. Read More

    Expression of MicroRNAs in Thyroid Carcinoma.
    Methods Mol Biol 2017 ;1617:261-280
    School of Computing, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL, 36688, USA.
    MicroRNA (miRNA) are negative regulators of gene expression and subsequent protein production. This method of action translates into regulatory control over cellular processes, including development, signaling, metabolism, and apoptosis. A broad range of miRNA are shown to have abnormal expressions in thyroid cancers which could explain the pathology of tumor oncogenesis and disease progression. Read More

    Can Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma Arise in Thyroglossal Duct Cysts? A Search for Parafollicular C-cells in 41 Resected Cases.
    Head Neck Pathol 2017 May 23. Epub 2017 May 23.
    Department of Anatomic Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 3459 Fifth ave suite E-733, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
    Thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDCs) are present in ~7% of adults and develop from the midline migratory tract between the foramen cecum and anatomic location of the thyroid. Thyroid tissue can be identified in 2/3 of TGDCs, and up to 1% develop associated malignancy, 90% of which are papillary thyroid carcinoma. Cases of follicular and anaplastic carcinoma have been documented, but there are no reports of medullary thyroid carcinoma arising in a TGDC. Read More

    Expression of claudin 1, 4 and 7 in thyroid neoplasms.
    Oncol Lett 2017 May 27;13(5):3722-3726. Epub 2017 Mar 27.
    Department of Pathology, University of Health Sciences, Antalya Education and Research Hospital, Antalya 07050, Turkey.
    The distinction of thyroid carcinoma from benign thyroid neoplasm, as well as the subtyping of papillary carcinoma (PC) and follicular carcinoma (FC), may be performed histopathologically in the majority of cases. However, in certain cases, it is difficult to histopathologically distinguish between PC and FC, as well as follicular adenoma (FA), FC and the dominant nodule of multinodular goiter (MNG-DN). The present study aimed to determine the roles of the expression levels of the tight junction proteins claudin 1, 4 and 7 in the differential diagnosis of PC, FC, FA, MNG-DN, medullary carcinoma (MC) and anaplastic carcinoma (AC). Read More

    NGS based identification of mutational hotspots for targeted therapy in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma.
    Oncotarget 2017 Jun;8(26):42613-42620
    Institute of Pathology, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg-Essen, Germany.
    Context: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) represents one of the most aggressive carcinomas with no consistent survival benefit when treated with conventional radiochemotherapy. Approaches targeting "oncogene addiction" of ATC are increasingly explored and first promising results have been reported in single case studies.

    Objective: To determine the prevalence of mutations in known thyroid oncogenes and signalling pathways amendable to targeted therapy in a large cohort of ATC. Read More

    Anaplastic Spindle Cell Squamous Carcinoma Arising from Tall Cell Variant Papillary Carcinoma of the Thyroid Gland: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 6;2017:4581626. Epub 2017 Apr 6.
    Department of Surgery, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.
    Tall cell variant (TCV) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), an aggressive form of thyroid cancer, is characterised by 50% of cells with height that is three times greater than the width. Very rarely, some of these cancers can progress to spindle cell squamous carcinoma (SCSC) resulting in cancers with elements of both SCSC and TCV PTC. Here we report a case of SCSC arising from TCV PTC. Read More

    Cytotoxic effect of celastrol alone or in combination with paclitaxel on anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cells.
    Tumour Biol 2017 May;39(5):1010428317698369
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Republic of Korea.
    The influence of celastrol alone or in combination with paclitaxel on survival of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cells was investigated. In 8505C and SW1736 cells, after treatment of celastrol, cell viability decreased, and cytotoxic activity increased. The protein levels of heat shock protein (hsp) 90, hsp70, Bax, death receptor 5, cleaved caspase-3, cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), and phospho-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were elevated, and those of Bcl2, phospho-nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB), and total and phospho-Akt were reduced. Read More

    Facilitating anaplastic thyroid cancer specialized treatment: A model for improving access to multidisciplinary care for patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer.
    Head Neck 2017 Jul 28;39(7):1291-1295. Epub 2017 Apr 28.
    Department of Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.
    Background: Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is a highly aggressive thyroid cancer. Several treatment trials are available, but the number of eligible patients to participate is very low because of the rarity and aggressiveness of the disease.

    Methods: Facilitating Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Specialized Treatment (FAST) is a quality improvement project aimed at decreasing time from referral to disposition (scheduling of first appointment) to our institution. Read More

    Combined MEK and Pi3'-kinase inhibition reveals synergy in targeting thyroid cancer in vitro and in vivo.
    Oncotarget 2017 Apr;8(15):24604-24620
    Institut für Biochemie und Molekulare Medizin, Universität Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Anaplastic thyroid cancers and radioiodine resistant thyroid cancer are posing a major treat since surgery combined with Iodine131 therapy is ineffective on them. Small-molecule inhibitors are presenting a new hope for patients, but often lead to drug resistance in many cancers. Based on the major mutations found in thyroid cancer, we propose the combination of a MEK inhibitor and a Pi3'-kinase inhibitor in pre-clinical models. Read More

    Association between Hashimoto's Thyroiditis and Thyroid Cancer in 64,628 Patients.
    Front Oncol 2017 10;7:53. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Audiology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Background: The incidence of thyroid cancer (TC) is increasing although explanatory causes are lacking. A link between cancer and inflammation is well documented but unclear for autoimmune thyroid diseases and TC. We aimed to systematically review the association between Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and papillary, follicular, medullary, anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, and thyroid lymphoma (TL). Read More

    Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology: A three-year study at a tertiary care referral center in Saudi Arabia.
    World J Clin Oncol 2017 Apr;8(2):151-157
    Mohamed Abdulaziz Al Dawish, Asirvatham Alwin Robert, Department of Endocrinology, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh 11342, Saudi Arabia.
    Aim: To stratify the malignancy risks in thyroid nodules in a tertiary care referral center using the Bethesda system.

    Methods: From January, 2012 to December, 2014, a retrospective analysis was performed among 1188 patients (15-90 years) who had 1433 thyroid nodules and fine-needle aspiration at Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Saudi Arabia. All thyroid cyto-pathological slides and ultra sound reports were reviewed and classified according to the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology. Read More

    Bioinformatics analysis of key genes and latent pathway interactions based on the anaplastic thyroid carcinoma gene expression profile.
    Oncol Lett 2017 Jan 30;13(1):167-176. Epub 2016 Nov 30.
    Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China.
    Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is an aggressive malignant disease in older adults with a high mortality rate. The present study aimed to examine several key genes and pathways, which are associated with ATC. The GSE33630 gene expression profile was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, which included 11 ATC and 45 normal thyroid samples. Read More

    Hobnail variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma: molecular profiling and comparison to classical papillary thyroid carcinoma, poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma.
    Oncotarget 2017 Mar;8(13):22023-22033
    Department of Pathology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Beijing, China.
    Background: As a rare but aggressive papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) variant, the genetic changes of hobnail variant of PTC (HVPTC) are still unclear.

    Results: The prevalence of HVPTC was 1.69% (18/1062) of all PTC diagnosed in our cohort. Read More

    Significant Amelioration of Tracheal Stenosis following Lenvatinib in a Patient Who Has Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma with Bronchomediastinal Infiltration: A Case Report.
    Case Rep Oncol 2017 Jan-Apr;10(1):175-181. Epub 2017 Feb 15.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Yonago, Japan.
    Background: Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma has an extremely poor prognosis, and no known drugs have exhibited acceptable efficacy. In recent years, novel anticancer tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been developed. We encountered a case of tracheal stenosis due to mediastinal and tracheal infiltration of anaplastic carcinoma for which lenvatinib exhibited remarkable effects; owing to this, airway management could be performed, even though the patient's condition was considered critical. Read More

    Survival of 86,690 patients with thyroid cancer: A population-based study in 29 European countries from EUROCARE-5.
    Eur J Cancer 2017 May 11;77:140-152. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    Centro Nazionale di Epidemiologia, Sorveglianza e Promozione della Salute (CNESPS), Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS), Rome, Italy.
    Background: Incidence rates of thyroid cancer (TC) increased in several countries during the last 30 years, while mortality rates remained unchanged, raising important questions for treatment and follow-up of TC patients. This study updates population-based estimates of relative survival (RS) after TC diagnosis in Europe by sex, country, age, period and histology.

    Methods: Data from 87 cancer registries in 29 countries were extracted from the EUROCARE-5 dataset. Read More

    Human a-L-fucosidase-1 attenuates the invasive properties of thyroid cancer.
    Oncotarget 2017 Apr;8(16):27075-27092
    Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.
    Glycans containing α-L-fucose participate in diverse interactions between cells and extracellular matrix. High glycan expression on cell surface is often associated with neoplastic progression. The lysosomal exoenzyme, α-L-fucosidase-1 (FUCA-1) removes fucose residues from glycans. Read More

    Preparation of human single-chain variable fragment antibodies against anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, and single photon emission‑computed tomography/computed tomography imaging in tumor-bearing nude mice.
    Oncol Rep 2017 May 5;37(5):2980-2986. Epub 2017 Apr 5.
    Department of Nuclear Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, P.R. China.
    Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is the most aggressive malignant thyroid tumor with the worst prognosis, and the response to treatment is poor. We investigated soluble human single-chain variable fragment (scFv) which provides unique information for diagnostics, and for monitoring and optimizing responses to therapy. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the expression of scFv. Read More

    Runt-Related Transcription Factor 2 (Runx2) Is Responsible for Galectin-3 Overexpression in Human Thyroid Carcinoma.
    J Cell Biochem 2017 Apr 8. Epub 2017 Apr 8.
    Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Istanbul University, Vezneciler, Istanbul, 34134, Turkey.
    Runx2 promotes metastatic ability of cancer cells by directly activating some of the mediators regarding malignancy. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) extensively expressed in normal and transformed cells and it is responsible for many cellular processes. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether there is any relationship between runx2 transcription factor and regulation of galectin-3 expression in different human thyroid carcinoma cell lines. Read More

    [A Familial Non Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma (FNMTC) : a clinical and genetic update].
    Rev Med Liege 2016 Dec;71(12):557-561
    Service d'Endocrinologie, CHU de Liège, Site du Sart Tilman, Liège, Belgique.
    The syndrome of Familial Non Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma (FNMTC) includes two or more patients with an isolated non-medullary thyroid cancer (papillary, follicular, anaplastic) within the same family. To diagnose FNMTC, the clinician must exclude a syndromic presentation such as the syndromes of Cowden, Gardner or Werner, and the Carney Complex. Up to now, a hundred families with FNMTC have been genetically studied, including forms with (Ch19p13. Read More

    Radiotherapy in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma: An Australian experience.
    J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2017 Apr 7;61(2):279-287. Epub 2016 Nov 7.
    Alfred Health Radiation Oncology, The Alfred, Prahran, Victoria, Australia.
    Introduction: Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a rare and fatal malignancy, associated with significant local tumour and often treatment related morbidity. We report our experience in treating this cancer over a 20-year period.

    Methods: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data from a single Australian Institution (Alfred Health Radiation Oncology) was carried out on patients referred with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma between 1992 and 2013. Read More

    Targeting TGF-β1 suppresses survival of and invasion by anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cells.
    Am J Transl Res 2017 15;9(3):1418-1425. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    Department of Thyroid Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Qingdao, China.
    Background And Aims: Overexpression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 has been implicated in promoting cell survival, migration and invasion in many cancers, including anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC). In the present study, we studied the effect of suppressing TGF-β1 by RNA silencing on the survival, invasion and metastasis of ATC cells.

    Methods: Small interfering RNA (siRNA) constructs targeting TGF-β1 were validated and used to develop clonal derivatives of the ATC cell line, 8505C. Read More

    Primary Sarcomas of Thyroid Gland-Series of Three Cases with Brief Review of Spindle Cell Lesions of Thyroid.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Feb 1;11(2):ER01-ER04. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    Professor, Department of Surgery, Maulana Azad Medical College , Delhi, India .
    Primary Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH-T) and Leiomyosarcoma (LMS-T) of the thyroid gland are extremely rare tumors. Very few cases have been reported in the literature. Both entities occur more commonly in women than men. Read More

    CD70 and PD-L1 in anaplastic thyroid cancer - promising targets for immunotherapy.
    Histopathology 2017 Sep 16;71(3):357-365. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Department of Pathology, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium.
    Aims: During recent years, immune checkpoint inhibition has proved to be effective in several solid malignancies. The aim of this study was to identify novel targets for immunotherapy in anaplastic thyroid cancer by analysis of the expression of tumour antigens for which therapeutic agents are available.

    Method And Results: By immunohistochemistry we observed tumoral expression of CD70 in 49% of cases. Read More

    Myricetin Induces Apoptosis of Human Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer Cells via Mitochondria Dysfunction.
    Anticancer Res 2017 04;37(4):1705-1710
    Department of Life Sciences, BK21-plus Research Team for Bioactive Control Technology, College of Natural Sciences, Chosun University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea
    Aim: Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy, with an increasing incidence worldwide. Most thyroid cancers are well differentiated and have a favorable outcome. However, undifferentiated thyroid cancers are one of the most lethal human malignancies. Read More

    Enhanced cytotoxic effect of camptothecin nanosponges in anaplastic thyroid cancer cells in vitro and in vivo on orthotopic xenograft tumors.
    Drug Deliv 2017 Nov;24(1):670-680
    b Department of Drug Science and Technology , University of Torino , Torino , Italy.
    Anaplastic carcinoma of the thyroid (ATC) is a lethal human malignant cancer with median survival of 6 months. To date, no treatment has substantially changed its course, which makes urgent need for the development of novel drugs or novel formulations for drug delivery. Nanomedicine has enormous potential to improve the accuracy of cancer therapy by enhancing availability and stability, decreasing effective doses and reducing side effects of drugs. Read More

    Bronchoscopic management of critical central airway obstruction by thyroid cancer: Combination airway stenting using tracheal and inverted-Y carinal self-expanding metallic stents.
    Lung India 2017 Mar-Apr;34(2):202-205
    Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Sleep Disorders, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
    Central airway obstruction (CAO) can result from various benign and malignant etiologies. Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is the most aggressive form of thyroid cancer. Rapid airway compromise is the main cause of death in ATC. Read More

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