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    A rare case of pylephlebitis after colonic polypectomy.
    J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect 2017 Jan 31;7(1):40-42. Epub 2017 Mar 31.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Reading Hospital & Medical Center, West Reading, PA, USA.
    Pylephlebitis or infective suppurative thrombosis of the portal mesenteric venous system is an uncommon condition that can potentially be deadly if not recognized and treated early. Although most commonly associated with pancreatitis and diverticulitis, any intra-abdominal or pelvic infection occurring in the region drained by the portal venous system can cause this rare entity. We report a case of a 75-year-old woman who developed post polypectomy pylephlebitis following colonoscopy, a condition rarely reported in the literature. Read More

    Citrobacter freundii as a cause of acute suppurative thyroiditis in an immunocompetent adult female.
    Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2017 Apr-Jun;60(2):282-284
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Government Medical College Hospital, Chandigarh, India.
    Acute suppurative thyroiditis (AST) is an uncommon condition, in the patients with preexisting thyroid disease or immunosuppression. The most common cause of AST is bacterial, and the most common bacteria are Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli, and Klebsiella species. Due to various complications such as septicemia, septic thrombophlebitis, necrotizing mediastinitis, or pericarditis, prompt diagnosis and treatment are the keys to reduce mortality and morbidity. Read More

    Septic Thrombophlebitis with Persistent Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteremia and de Novo Resistance to Vancomycin and Daptomycin.
    Infect Dis Rep 2017 May 31;9(2):7008. Epub 2017 May 31.
    Department of Medicine D, Emek Medical Center, Afula.
    Persistent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia is associated with significant risk of mortality, especially when it occurs while on appropriate antimicrobial therapy. We herein describe an unusual case of a patient with prosthetic aortic tissue valve, who suffered from central venous catheter related MRSA bacteremia with septic thrombus formation in the superior vena cava. MRSA bacteremia persisted despite removal of the catheter and appropriate antimicrobial therapy including vancomycin, rifampin, and daptomycin. Read More

    Endoscopic electrocautery and fibrin obliteration of an acutely complicated pyriform fossa sinus tract in a septuagenarian.
    J Laryngol Otol 2017 Jun 19:1-4. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery,Northwick Park Hospital,London,UK.
    Background: Pyriform fossa sinus tracts classically present with neck abscess, recurrent infections and suppurative thyroiditis in children; acute presentation in a geriatric patient is rare.

    Methods: Case report and Medline literature review.

    Case Report: A 79-year-old female presented with a left-sided neck mass and severe odynophagia of 3 days' duration. Read More

    [Diagnostic workup and therapy of acute venous diseases].
    Hautarzt 2017 Jun 7. Epub 2017 Jun 7.
    Phlebologie, Universitäts-Hautklinik Tübingen, Liebermeisterstr. 25, 72076, Tübingen, Deutschland.
    Acute venous diseases, especially deep leg and pelvic vein thrombosis, present an angiological emergency and can lead to acute life-threatening events such as pulmonary embolism. Long-term consequences may be postthrombotic syndromes. In addition to stroke and myocardial infarction, deep leg and pelvic vein thrombosis are one of the most common cardiovascular diseases. Read More

    Septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, a case of Lemierre's syndrome.
    Intractable Rare Dis Res 2017 May;6(2):137-140
    Oak Hill Hospital, Graduate Medical Education, Department of Internal Medicine, Brooksville, FL, USA.
    An 18-year-old gentleman with a history of recurrent tonsillitis presented to the emergency room complaining of worsening sore throat. He was found to have a peritonisillar abscess, and imaging revealed a non-occlusive left internal jugular vein thrombosis. Lemierre's syndrome is a rare, potentially fatal condition characterized by internal jugular vein thrombosis with septicemia following an acute oropharyngeal infection. Read More

    Clinical Presentation and Risk Factors of Venous Thromboembolic Disease.
    Crit Care Nurs Q 2017 Jul/Sep;40(3):201-209
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine (Drs Alhassan, Gandhi, Naddour, Singh, and Bihler) and Department of Medicine (Dr Pelinescu), Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
    Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has a wide range of clinical presentations. Deep venous thrombosis may occur in upper or lower extremities or in visceral veins. Extremity deep venous thrombosis usually manifests with unilateral painful swelling in the limb, while visceral deep venous thrombosis manifestations vary on the basis of the involved organ. Read More

    Case Report: Behçet's disease accompanied with vitiligo.
    F1000Res 2017 23;6:310. Epub 2017 Mar 23.
    Dermatology Department, Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Kayseri, 38050, Turkey.
    Recently, a few case reports and clinical studies have been published that explore the association of Behçet's Disease (BD) and vitiligo, with conflicting results. Genetic and immunological properties of BD and presence of autoantibodies support autoimmunity, but clinical features suggest autoinflammatory diseases. BD is thought to be a cornerstone between autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases. Read More

    A Study of Morbidity and Cost of Peripheral Venous Cannulation in Neonates Admitted to Paediatric Surgical Intensive Care Unit.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Mar 1;11(3):UC08-UC10. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    Professor and Head, Department of Paediatric Surgery, Seth G S Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
    Introduction: Peripheral venous access in sick neonates is indicated for administration of fluids, drugs or nutrients.

    Aim: We conducted an audit of peripheral venous access in neonates admitted to paediatric surgical intensive care unit to study the morbidity, time spent on cannulation and cost with its use.

    Materials And Methods: One hundred consecutive neonates requiring hospital admission to paediatric surgical intensive care unit in a period of one year were included in the study. Read More

    Lemierre's syndrome; a rare cause of septic arthritis.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 May 12;2017. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Musgrove Park Hospital, Taunton, UK.
    Lemierre's syndrome is a rare condition characterised by pharyngitis leading to septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. Complications include pulmonary septic emboli, septic arthritis and disseminated intravascular coagulation. The authors present a case of a healthy woman aged 25 years with septic arthritis of the shoulder due to this unusual cause. Read More

    [Bilateral papilledema].
    J Fr Ophtalmol 2017 May 6;40(5):422-429. Epub 2017 May 6.
    Service d'ophtalmologie, CHU de Bordeaux, place Amelie-Raba-Léon, 33000 Bordeaux, France; Inserm, U1219, Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, 33000 Bordeaux, France. Electronic address:
    This article will review the current standard of care in the diagnosis and management of bilateral optic disc edema. Two emergent conditions must be considered first: secondary intracranial hypertension (cerebral tumor, cerebral thrombophlebitis…) and arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (or giant cell arteritis). Having ruled out these two diagnoses, the management follows various steps in order to: (i) rule out pseudo-edema, and (ii) determine the underlying cause of the edema: papilledema, non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy or papillitis. Read More

    Pathogen-related factors affecting outcome of catheter-related bacteremia due to methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus in a Spanish multicenter study.
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2017 May 5. Epub 2017 May 5.
    Department of Microbiology, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Instituto de Investigación Hospital "12 de Octubre" (i+12), Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain.
    Even with appropriate clinical management, complicated methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) catheter-related bacteremia (CRB) is frequent. We investigated the influence of molecular characteristics of MSSA strains on the risk of complicated bacteremia (CB) in MSSA-CRB. A multicenter prospective study was conducted in Spain between 2011 and 2014 on MSSA-CRB. Read More

    Complication Rates of 3% Hypertonic Saline Infusion Through Peripheral Intravenous Access.
    J Neurosci Nurs 2017 Jun;49(3):191-195
    Stephen A. Figueroa, MD, Division of Neurocritical Care, Departments of Neurosurgery and Neurology & Neurotherapeutics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX.
    Introduction: Hyperosmolar therapy with hypertonic saline (HTS) is a cornerstone in the management of intracranial hypertension and hyponatremia in the neurological intensive care unit. Theoretical safety concerns remain for infiltration, thrombophlebitis, tissue ischemia, and venous thrombosis associated with continuous 3% HTS administered via peripheral intravenous (pIV) catheters. It is common practice at many institutions to allow only central venous catheter infusion of 3% HTS. Read More

    Effect and safety of early weight-bearing on the outcome after open-wedge high tibial osteotomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2017 Jul 25;137(7):903-911. Epub 2017 Apr 25.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University School of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 166 Gumi-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-Si, Gyeonggi-do, 463-707, South Korea.
    Introduction: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of early weight-bearing by comparing clinical and radiological outcomes between early and traditional delayed weight-bearing after OWHTO.

    Materials And Methods: A rigorous and systematic approach was used. The methodological quality was also assessed. Read More

    Dangerous Liaisons: Pelvic Variant of Lemierre Syndrome by Right Common Iliac Vein Thrombophlebitis After Sexual Intercourse.
    J Low Genit Tract Dis 2017 Jul;21(3):e37-e39
    1CHU Toulouse, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hôpital Paule de Viguier, Toulouse, France; 2CHU Toulouse, Department of Gynecological Surgery, Hôpital Rangueil, Toulouse, France; 3Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France; and 4CHU Toulouse, Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Purpan University Hospital, Toulouse, France.

    A Comprehensive Approach to Hepatic Vascular Disease.
    Radiographics 2017 May-Jun;37(3):813-836. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    From the Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1400 Pressler St, Houston, TX 77030 (K.M.E., S.J.); Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah (A.M.S.); Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, Tex (S.M.R.); Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Miami Health System, Miami, Fla (B.L.M., R.P.C., V.J.C.); and Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Ariz (C.O.M.).
    The liver has a complex vascular supply, which involves the inflow of oxygenated blood through the hepatic artery (systemic circulation) and deoxygenated blood through the portal vein (portal circulation), as well as the outflow of deoxygenated blood through the hepatic veins to the inferior vena cava. A spectrum of vascular variants can involve the liver. Some of these variants may result in areas of enhancement that can mimic more serious pathologic conditions. Read More

    Risk Factors in Children Older Than 5 Years With Pneumococcal Meningitis: Data From a National Network.
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 2017 May;36(5):457-461
    From the *Urgences pédiatriques, CHU Nantes, Hôpital Mère-Enfant, 44093 Nantes, France; †ACTIV, Association Clinique et Thérapeutique Infantile du Val de Marne, 94100 Saint-Maur des Fossés, France; ‡Université Paris Est, IMRB-GRC GEMINI, 94000 Créteil, France; §Unité Court Séjour, Petits Nourrissons, Service de Néonatologie, Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Créteil, 94000 Créteil, France; ¶Laboratoire de génétique humaine des maladies infectieuses, institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale, UMR1163, Institut IMAGINE, 75015 Paris, France; ‖Faculté de médecine de Necker, Université Paris V René-Descartes, 75015 Paris, France; **Centre d'études des déficits immunitaires (CEDI), AP-HP, hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, 75015 Paris, France; ††Centre National de Référence des Pneumocoques, AP-HP, HEGP (Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou), Université Paris V, 75006 Paris, France; and ‡‡Pédiatrie générale, CHU Nantes, Hôpital Mère-Enfant, 44093 Nantes, France.
    Background: The occurrence of meningitis in children >5 years old may be associated with specific predisposing factors that can be anatomic, such as cerebrospinal fluid fistula or breach, or related to genetic susceptibility or N inborn or acquired immunologic defect. This study aimed to assess the anatomical and immunologic risk factors in children >5 years old with pneumococcal meningitis and prospectively enrolled in the French national meningitis network.

    Methods: We analyzed all data for children who were 5-15 years old with a diagnosis of pneumococcal meningitis between 2001 and 2013. Read More

    Paraoxonase and Arylesterase Levels in Behcet's Disease and Their Relations with the Disease Activity.
    Biochem Genet 2017 Apr 7. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    Department of Biochemistry, Medical Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.
    The aim of this study was to determine the paraoxonase (PON) and arylesterase (ARE) enzyme activity levels in Behcet's disease (BD) and to investigate whether they are associated with the disease activity. Twenty-six patients (study group) with active BD and 28 healthy controls (control group) were included in this study. While the patients who had at least one of the symptoms related to genital ulcer, skin lesions, active uveitis, arthritis, thrombophlebitis, or central nervous system involvement in addition to oral ulcers were considered as the active group, the patients who did not show clinical symptoms in the last one month due to the medical treatment were considered as the inactive group in the clinical evaluation of patients with BD. Read More

    Utility of the Ginza forceps for superficial phlebectomy during endovenous laser ablation of the great saphenous vein.
    Surg Today 2017 Apr 7. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8 Nishi-shinbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8461, Japan.
    Purpose: To evaluate the efficiency of using the Ginza forceps (DVx, Tokyo, Japan), which have a long shaft and strong grip, for superficial phlebectomy with the stab avulsion technique, during simultaneous endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of the great saphenous vein (GSV).

    Methods: The subjects were patients treated with EVLA performed by a single operator at one institution. All patients had a GSV diameter of 4-10 mm and an EVLA length of the GSV of >20 cm. Read More

    Safety and efficacy of a novel drug elores (ceftriaxone+sulbactam+disodium edetate) in the management of multi-drug resistant bacterial infections in tertiary care centers: a post-marketing surveillance study.
    Braz J Infect Dis 2017 Apr 1. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    Venus Remedies, Department of Clinical Research, Panchkula, India.
    Objective: In India, Elores (CSE-1034: ceftriaxone+sulbactam+disodium edetate) was approved as a broad spectrum antibiotic in year 2011 and is used for management of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamases/Metallo Beta lactamases infections in tertiary care centers. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of this drug in patients with Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamases/Metallo Beta lactamases infections and identify the incidence of adverse events in real clinical settings.

    Methods: This Post Marketing Surveillance study was conducted at 17 centers across India and included 2500 patients of all age groups suffering from various bacterial infections and treated with Elores (CSE1034). Read More

    Chromobacterium violaceum infection in chronic granulomatous disease: a case report and review of the literature.
    JMM Case Rep 2017 Jan 31;4(1):e005084. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Austin Health, Heidelberg, VIC 3084, Australia; Department of Microbiology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, VIC 3084, Australia.
    Introduction.Chromobacterium violaceum is an opportunistic human pathogen, associated with significant mortality, and has been reported in patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a genetic condition causing impaired phagocytosis. Case presentation. Read More

    Lemierre's Syndrome Associated with Mechanical Ventilation and Profound Deafness.
    Case Rep Infect Dis 2017 26;2017:4261429. Epub 2017 Feb 26.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Ev. Krankenhaus Witten gGmbH, University of Witten/Herdecke, Pferdebachstr 27, 58455 Witten, Germany.
    Lemierre's syndrome is a rare disorder that is characterized by anaerobic organisms inducing a thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein (IJV) following a course of oropharyngeal infection. It often occurs in young and healthy patients. Clinicians continuously misinterpret early symptoms until infection disseminates systematically and life-threatening sepsis transpires. Read More

    Surgical treatment of osteoporotic thoraco-lumbar compressive fractures: the use of pedicle screw with augmentation PMMA.
    Eur Spine J 2017 Mar 21. Epub 2017 Mar 21.
    Spine Surgery, AOU Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Via Zuretti 29, 10126, Turin, Italy.
    Introduction: The osteoporosis prevalence in population is age related. The aim of this single-center observational study was evaluate the middle- to long-term performance of cement (PMMA) augmented fenestrated pedicle screws in elderly patients with thoraco-lumbar compressive fractures by osteoporosis.

    Materials And Methods: From 2011 to 2015 we treated 52 patients (20 males and 32 females) suffering from somatic osteoporotic fractures (T10-L2). Read More

    Long-term risk of venous thromboembolism recurrence after isolated superficial vein thrombosis.
    J Thromb Haemost 2017 Jun 5;15(6):1123-1131. Epub 2017 May 5.
    Department of Public Health, University Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble University Hospital and, TIMC-IMAG, Grenoble, France.
    Essentials Long-term risk of recurrence of isolated superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) is under-studied. We analyzed data from a cohort of first SVT and proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT) without cancer. The risk of recurrence as DVT or pulmonary embolism is twice lower in SVT patients. Read More

    Asymptomatic Urolithiasis Complicated by Nephrocutaneous Fistula.
    J Clin Imaging Sci 2017 20;7. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Department of Imaging and Medical Information Sciences, Service of Radiology, University Hospitals of Geneva, Genève, Switzerland.
    Asymptomatic spontaneous nephrocutaneous fistula is a rare and severe complication of chronic urolithiasis. We report a case of 56-year-old woman with a nephrocutaneous fistula (NFC) which developed from a superinfected urinoma following calyceal rupture due to an obstructing calculus in the left ureter. The patient was clinically asymptomatic and came to the emergency department for a painless left flank fluctuating mass. Read More

    [Clinical and therapeutic aspects of post-partum cerebral thrombophlebites].
    Pan Afr Med J 2016 21;25:248. Epub 2016 Dec 21.
    Service de Gynécologie Obstétrique- CHU Ibn El Jazzar, Kairouan, Tunisie.
    Cerebral thrombophlebites are rare but life-threatening conditions (1/5000 births). Pregnancy and postpartum are predisposing factors: clinical presentation vary and may be misleading, dominated by headaches, convulsions and neurological deficits but showing no specific features. Physical examination often generates informations unavailable and misleading because cerebral thrombophlebites share symptoms with other affections. Read More

    Predictors of Recanalization for Incompetent Great Saphenous Veins Treated with Cyanoacrylate Glue.
    J Vasc Interv Radiol 2017 May 8;28(5):665-671. Epub 2017 Mar 8.
    Division of Vascular & Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Hong Kong Medical Centre, Queen Mary Hospital, South Wing, 14th Floor K Block, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
    Purpose: To determine predictors of recanalization in patients treated with endovenous cyanoacrylate.

    Methods: Follow-up by serial clinical and duplex examinations was performed at 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months of 108 legs in 55 patients (21 men, median age 65 y) with primary varicose veins treated with endovenous cyanoacrylate. Cox regression analysis was used to examine venous characteristics before the procedure: diameter of great saphenous vein (GSV), treatment length of GSV, presence of incompetent perforators, clinical severity of varicose vein, and experience of operator as predictors of recanalization. Read More

    Otogenic Temporomandibular Arthritis in Children.
    JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017 May;143(5):466-471
    Pediatric ENT Department, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France.
    Importance: Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (SATMJ) is a very rare but potentially severe complication of pediatric middle ear infections because it presents risks of TMJ ankylosis.

    Objective: To describe the clinical, radiological, biological, and microbiological characteristics and evolution of SATMJ complicating middle ear infections (otogenic SATMJ) in children.

    Design, Setting, And Participants: This multicenter retrospective study included all children younger than 18 years referred between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2015, for otogenic SATMJ or for TMJ ankylosis that occurred a few months to a few years after an acute mastoiditis. Read More

    Safety of parenteral nutrition in newborns: Results from a nationwide prospective cohort study.
    Clin Nutr 2017 Feb 8. Epub 2017 Feb 8.
    AGEPS, Pharmaceutical Establishment of Paris Hospitals, APHP, Paris, France.
    Background & Aims: Limited or delayed availability of parenteral nutrition (PN) solutions, as well as difficulties in ordering are often identified as reasons for non-compliance with international guidelines in newborns. This study aims at assessing the modality of use and safety of premixed standardized PN solutions in a nationwide prospective cohort of newborns treated in clinical practice.

    Methods: Two premixed fixed formulations with respective osmolarity of 715 and 790 mOsm/L specifically designed for neonates were made available throughout the country for clinical use from birth onwards. Read More

    Risk Factors in Children Older than 5 Years with Pneumococcal Meningitis: Data from a National Network.
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 2016 Dec 13. Epub 2016 Dec 13.
    1 Urgences pédiatriques, CHU Nantes, Hôpital Mère-Enfant, 44093 Nantes 2 ACTIV, Association Clinique et Thérapeutique Infantile du Val de Marne, 94100 Saint-Maur des Fossés, France 3 Université Paris Est, IMRB-GRC GEMINI, 94000 Créteil, France 4 Unité Court Séjour, Petits Nourrissons, Service de Néonatologie, Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Créteil, 94000 Créteil, France 5 Laboratoire de génétique humaine des maladies infectieuses, institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale, UMR1163, Institut IMAGINE, 75015 Paris, France; Faculté de médecine de Necker, Université Paris V René-Descartes, 75015 Paris, France; Centre d'études des déficits immunitaires (CEDI), AP-HP, hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, 75015 Paris, France 6 Centre National de Référence des Pneumocoques, AP-HP, HEGP (Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou), Université Paris V, France 7 Pédiatrie générale, CHU Nantes, Hôpital Mère-Enfant, 44093 Nantes.
    Introduction: The occurrence of meningitis in children > 5 years old may be associated with specific predisposing factors that can be anatomic, such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula or breach, or related to genetic susceptibility or N inborn or acquired immunologic defect. This study aimed to assess the anatomical and immunologic risk factors in children > 5 years old with pneumococcal meningitis and prospectively enrolled in the French national meningitis network.

    Methods: We analyzed all data for children 5 to 15 years old with a diagnosis of pneumococcal meningitis between 2001 and 2013. Read More

    Hepatic vena cava syndrome: New concept of pathogenesis.
    Hepatol Res 2017 Jun 9;47(7):603-615. Epub 2017 May 9.
    Center for Vein, Lymphatic and Vascular Malformation, George Washington University, Washington, USA.
    Hepatic vena cava syndrome, also known as membranous obstruction of inferior vena cava (IVC), was considered a rare congenital disease and classified under Budd-Chiari syndrome. It is now recognized as a bacterial infection-induced disease related to poor hygiene. Localized thrombophlebitis of the IVC at the site close to hepatic vein outlets is the initial lesion which converts on resolution into stenosis or complete obstruction, the circulatory equilibrium being maintained by development of cavo-caval collateral anastomosis. Read More

    Descending necrotizing mediastinitis with Lemierre's syndrome.
    Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2017 Feb 1. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan.
    Descending necrotizing mediastinitis is a severe infection of the mediastinum. Lemierre's syndrome manifests as thrombophlebitis in the cervical veins, which is caused by a neck infection. A 50-year-old woman had a fever with a 13-day history of neck pain. Read More

    [Evaluation of clinical evidence for dalbavancin].
    Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2017 Jan;35 Suppl 1:33-37
    Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, España. Electronic address:
    Gram-positive infections are currently a therapeutic challenge because of the emergence of strains resistant to first-line antibiotics. Consequently, in the last few years, new antibiotics have been developed with activity against multiresistant Gram-positive bacteria, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and strains with intermediate sensitivity to vancomycin. Among the new antibiotics approved for the treatment of these microorganisms, dalbavancin is a semisynthetic lipoglycopeptide derived from teicoplanin, but has a superior efficacy profile to the latter. Read More

    Comparison of ultrasound-guided endovenous laser ablation and radiofrequency for the varicose veins treatment: An updated meta-analysis.
    Int J Surg 2017 Mar 21;39:267-275. Epub 2017 Jan 21.
    Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.
    Purpose: To investigate and compare the relative efficacy, recurrence and complications of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for the treatment of varicose veins patients.

    Methods: Searches were applied to the Cochrane Library as well as MEDLINE, EMBASE, BIOSIS databases. 12 articles published in English (10 randomized controlled trials and 2 cohort study) were identified from specialized trails. Read More

    [Superficial venous thrombosis. A state of art].
    Orv Hetil 2017 Jan;158(4):129-138
    II. Sebészeti Klinika, Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Budapest, Kútvölgyi út 4., 1125.
    For a long time superficial thrombophlebitis has been thought to be a rather benign condition. Recently, when duplex ultrasound technique is used for the diagnosis more and more often, the disease is proved to be more dangerous than anticipated. Thrombosis propagates to the deep veins in 6-44% and pulmonary embolism was observed on the patients in 1,5-33%. Read More

    Mechanical Compression Effects on the Secretion of vWF and IL-8 by Cultured Human Vein Endothelium.
    PLoS One 2017 12;12(1):e0169752. Epub 2017 Jan 12.
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Short peripheral catheters are ubiquitous in today's healthcare environment enabling effective delivery of fluids and medications directly into a patient's vasculature. However, complications related to their use, such as short peripheral catheter thrombophlebitis (SPCT), affect up to 80% of hospitalized patients. While indwelling within the vein, the catheters exert prolonged constant pressure upon the endothelium which can trigger inflammation processes. Read More

    The Effectiveness of Diclofenac Sodium in the Treatment of Mondor's Disease of the Breast: The Topical Patch Compared to the Oral Capsules.
    Breast J 2017 Jan 12. Epub 2017 Jan 12.
    Department of Pharmacy, Al Ansar General Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia.
    Mondor's disease of the breast is a rare, benign sclerosing superficial thrombophlebitis of the subcutaneous veins of the anterior or lateral chest wall, which is treated conservatively. We aim in this study to evaluate the outcome and effectiveness of our treatment protocol using oral diclofenac sodium and topical diclofenac sodium patch in 172 patients. A retrospective database analysis of 172 female patients between January 2001 and December 2010 was done. Read More

    Brachial insertion of fully implantable venous catheters for chemotherapy: complications and quality of life assessment in 35 patients.
    Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2016 Oct-Dec;14(4):473-479
    Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Objective: To prospectively evaluate the perioperative safety, early complications and satisfaction of patients who underwent the implantation of central catheters peripherally inserted via basilic vein.

    Methods: Thirty-five consecutive patients with active oncologic disease requiring chemotherapy were prospectively followed up after undergoing peripheral implantation of indwelling venous catheters, between November 2013 and June 2014. The procedures were performed in the operating room by the same team of three vascular surgeons. Read More

    Lemierre Syndrome: A Retrospective Study of the Role of Anticoagulation and Thrombosis Outcomes.
    Acta Haematol 2017 23;137(2):59-65. Epub 2016 Dec 23.
    Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN, USA.
    Lemierre syndrome (LS) is a multisystemic infection beginning in the oropharynx and leading to thrombosis of the internal jugular vein (IJV) with septic emboli and potential thrombotic extension to the central nervous system. Although patient outcomes have improved with early initiation of antimicrobial therapies, there is no consensus regarding the role of anticoagulation in LS. To better define the role of anticoagulation therapy in LS and determine whether anticoagulation improves thrombosis outcomes, we conducted a retrospective chart review of pediatric and adult patients diagnosed with LS and managed at our institution from January 1998 to December 2014. Read More

    Randomized trial of radiofrequency ablation versus conventional surgery for superficial venous insufficiency: if you don't tell, they won't know.
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2016 Nov 1;71(11):650-656. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
    Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, São Paulo/SP, Brazil.
    Objectives:: This study compared radiofrequency ablation versus conventional surgery in patients who had not undergone previous treatment for bilateral great saphenous vein insufficiency, with each patient serving as his own control.

    Method:: This was a randomized controlled trial that included 18 patients and was carried out between November 2013 and May 2015. Each of the lower limbs of each patient was randomly assigned to undergo either radiofrequency ablation or conventional surgery. Read More

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as a Cause of Lemierre's Syndrome.
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 2017 Apr;36(4):429-431
    From the Departments of*Pediatrics and †Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL; and ‡Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego.
    Lemierre's syndrome (LS) or jugular vein suppurative thrombophlebitis is well described in literature. The organisms most often responsible are Fusobacterium necrophorum or anaerobic flora. We present a case of LS with an atypical microbiologic cause, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Read More

    Reasons for the persistent incidence of venous thromboembolism.
    Thromb Haemost 2017 Jan 15;117(2):390-400. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    John A. Heit, MD, Stabile 6-Hematology Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street, SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA, Tel.: +1 507 284 4634, Fax: +1 507 266 9302, E-mail:
    Reasons for trends in venous thromboembolism (VTE) incidence are uncertain. It was our objective to determine VTE incidence trends and risk factor prevalence, and estimate population-attributable risk (PAR) trends for each risk factor. In a population-based cohort study of all residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota from 1981-2010, annual incidence rates were calculated using incident VTE cases as the numerator and age- and sex-specific Olmsted County population estimates as the denominator. Read More

    [Thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease): state of the art].
    Angiol Sosud Khir 2016;22(4):185-192
    Ivano-Frankovsk National Medical University, Ivano-Frankovsk, Ukraine.
    Thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) is systemic vasculitis with predominant development of thrombotic occlusions of small-to-medium diameter arteries of distal portions of both upper and lower limbs. A distinctive feature of Buerger's disease from other vasculitides is the involvement of the venous bed into the pathological process in the form of migrating thrombophlebitis. The disease is encountered more often in young adult males, predominantly tobacco smokers. Read More

    Clinical case report: discitis osteomyelitis complicated by inferior vena cava venous thrombosis and septic pulmonary emboli.
    Radiol Case Rep 2016 Dec 17;11(4):370-374. Epub 2016 Sep 17.
    Department of Radiology, Einstein Medical Center, 5501 Old York Road, Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA.
    Viridans group streptococcus is an infrequent cause of osteomyelitis that is found in association with infective endocarditis. Only a few studies report viridans osteomyelitis in the absence of endocarditis. Vertebral pyogenic osteomyelitis can sometimes be complicated by psoas or paraspinal abscesses. Read More

    Diverticulitis: a comprehensive review with usual and unusual complications.
    Insights Imaging 2017 Feb 22;8(1):19-27. Epub 2016 Nov 22.
    Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
    Diverticulitis is characterized by inflammation of the outpouchings of the bowel wall. Imaging findings of diverticulitis include edematous thickening of the bowel wall with inflammatory changes within the adjacent mesenteric fat. Uncomplicated diverticulitis can be treated conservatively; however, complicated diverticulitis may not be responsive to medical treatment and life-threatening conditions may occur. Read More

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