Front Oncol 2021 10;11:641613. Epub 2021 Mar 10.
Hematology Division, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, United States.
The myeloproliferative neoplasms, polycythemia vera, essential thrombocytosis and primary myelofibrosis share driver mutations that either activate the thrombopoietin receptor, MPL, or indirectly activate it through mutations in the gene for JAK2, its cognate tyrosine kinase. Paradoxically, although the myeloproliferative neoplasms are classified as neoplasms because they are clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders, the mutations affecting MPL or JAK2 are gain-of-function, resulting in increased production of normal erythrocytes, myeloid cells and platelets. Constitutive JAK2 activation provides the basis for the shared clinical features of the myeloproliferative neoplasms. Read More