92,627 results match your criteria Throat

Subacute Thyroiditis in COVID-19 Patients.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 May 11:1455613211012114. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, 209002Bahat Hosphital, Sultangazi, İstanbul, Turkey.

Objective: As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic that occurred in the last year, it has been revealed that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) does not only cause viral respiratory tract infection but can also affect many organs in the short or long term. In our study, we aimed to reveal that COVID-19 infection affects the endocrine system and triggers subacute thyroiditis (SAT) in the acute period.

Material And Method: In our retrospective study, the ear-nose-throat examination, internal diseases consultation (investigation of COVID-19 symptoms and polymerase chain reaction [PCR] test), routine blood tests, T3, T4, thyroid-stimulating hormone, antithyroglobulin (anti-TG), antithyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO), thyroid scintigraphy, and thyroid ultrasonography results of 5 patients who applied to the otorhinolaryngology clinic due to complaints of neck pain and odynophagia between April 2020 and February 2021 were examined. Read More

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Clinical-Epidemiological Characteristics of the First Patients Diagnosed with COVID-19 in Cuba.

MEDICC Rev 2021 Apr 30;23(2):15. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Pedro Kourí Tropical Medicine Institute (IPK), Havana, Cuba.

Introduction: COVID-19 is caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and was declared a pandemic on March 11, 2020, the same day that the first cases in Cuba were diagnosed. In Cuba, all confirmed cases of COVID-19 were hospitalized from this point forward.

Objective: Characterize the first patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in Cuba. Read More

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Stimuli-Responsive Electrospun Piezoelectric Mats of Ethylene--vinyl Acetate-Millable Polyurethane-Nanohydroxyapatite Composites.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Polymer Science and Technology Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, National Institute of Technology Calicut, Calicut, Kerala 673601, India.

Piezoelectric materials have gained interest among materials scientists as body motion sensors and energy harvesters on account of their fast responsiveness and substantial output signals. In this work, piezoelectric polymer mats have been fabricated from ethylene--vinyl acetate-millable polyurethane/nanohydroxyapatite (EVA-MPU/nHA) composite systems by employing the electrospinning technique. The ferro-piezoelectric features of the samples were confirmed from the butterfly loops of electrostatic force microscopy (EFM) amplitude signals as well as through the hysteresis curves of the EFM phase recorded with the assistance of dynamic-contact EFM. Read More

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Narrowing and Operated Appearance of the Middle Nasal Third after Hump Resection without Middle Vault Reconstruction.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

From Rhinology and Facial Plastic Surgery, Ear, Nose, and Throat Department, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen; and the Finesse Center for Facial Plastic Surgery.

Background: Little is known about the incidence of narrowing and an operated appearance of the dorsum after hump resections if the dorsum is not reconstructed with spreader grafts or spreader flaps.

Methods: Patients who had undergone a composite hump resection (n = 22) or a component hump resection (n = 25) were interviewed and photographed with a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Four expert rhinoplasty surgeons and four laypersons rated the appearance of the middle third of the dorsum on the preoperative and postoperative en face photographs. Read More

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Presentation of External Ear Rosai-Dorfman Disease With Laryngeal Involvement.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 May 11:1455613211016704. Epub 2021 May 11.

Bobby R. Alford Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare benign systemic histiocytic proliferation characterized by massive lymph node enlargement and sometimes associated with extranodal involvement. Even though it is considered to be benign, death can occur depending on the extent and location. Our case highlights a primary extranodal site of the right pinna with extension through the Eustachian tube to the subglottis. Read More

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A Large Intratemporal Facial Nerve Schwannoma Presenting as an Occluding External Auditory Canal Mass.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 May 11:1455613211016706. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, 89681The Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Facial nerve schwannomas are rare, benign, slow-growing tumors that can occur in any segment of the facial nerve, although 71% of cases are intratemporal. Surgical resection can lead to facial nerve injury. Facial function recovery after reanimation is usually not better than House-Brackmann (HB) grade III. Read More

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Clinical Manifestations of COVID-19.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1318:179-196

Network of Immunity in Infection, Malignancy and Autoimmunity (NIIMA), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Tehran, Iran.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the third coronavirus causing an outbreak in the twenty-first century. It is related to a contagious coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which its high pace of spreading allowed it to lie to the whole world and be turned into a pandemic only a few months after the identification of the first case. Currently, the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test of throat swap is the gold standard of diagnosis; however, several studies have reported false-negative results with non-ideal sensitivity. Read More

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January 2021

Antibiotic prescribing for respiratory tract infection: exploring drivers of cognitive effort and factors associated with inappropriate prescribing.

Fam Pract 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Aberdeen Health Psychology Group, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.

Background: Antibiotics are over-prescribed for upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). It is unclear how factors known to influence prescribing decisions operate 'in the moment': dual process theories, which propose two systems of thought ('automatic' and 'analytical'), may inform this.

Objective(s): Investigate cognitive processes underlying antibiotic prescribing for URTI and the factors associated with inappropriate prescribing. Read More

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Prevalence of Angiodysplasia Detected in Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Examinations.

Cureus 2021 Apr 7;13(4):e14353. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Gastroenterology, Shimane University Hospital, Izumo, JPN.

Background This study was performed to examine the prevalence of asymptomatic angiodysplasia detected in upper gastrointestinal endoscopic examinations and of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) suspected cases. Methodology The study participants were 5,034 individuals (3,206 males, 1,828 females; mean age 53.5 ± 9. Read More

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Epidemiological characteristics of the COVID-19 spring outbreak in Quebec, Canada: a population-based study.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 May 10;21(1):435. Epub 2021 May 10.

CARTaGENE, CHU Ste-Justine Research Center, 3175 Chemin de la Côte-Sainte-Catherine, Montréal, H3T1C5, Canada.

Background: By mid-July 2020, more than 108,000 COVID-19 cases had been diagnosed in Canada with more than half in the province of Quebec. In this context, we launched a study to analyze the epidemiological characteristics and the socio-economic impact of the spring outbreak in the population.

Method: We conducted an online survey of the participants of the CARTaGENE population-based cohort, composed of middle-aged and older adults. Read More

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A Novel Use of Coblation in the Treatment of Tracheal Tumors.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 May 11:1455613211015739. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Radiofrequency coblation is a new method of electrosurgical intervention. Most recently, its use has been reported in the treatment of laryngotracheal pathology. However, studies on coblation for tracheal tumors have not been reported. Read More

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Stapes Surgery in Far-Advanced Otosclerosis.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 May 11:1455613211013093. Epub 2021 May 11.

ENT Department, L. Vanvitelli University, Naples, Italy.

Introduction: Surgical treatment of patients with far-advanced otosclerosis (FAO) has not yet been standardized. Patients with FAO are the candidates for stapes surgery or cochlear implant (CI). Although many surgeons consider stapes surgery as the first choice, other authors prefer CI because of the excellent hearing results. Read More

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An Incidental Finding of a Double-Lumen Trachea.

Acta Med Port 2021 Mar 1;34(3):229-231. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. University of Medical Sciences. Poznań. Institute of Human Genetics. Polish Academy of Sciences. Poznań. Poland.

The aim of this case report is to present an incidental finding of a firm tracheal septum in a 61-year-old woman. The patient was admitted to the hospital with mild dyspnea and a preliminary diagnosis of a tracheal subglottic stenosis. During microlaryngoscopy, just below the subglottic stenosis, a firm, vertical symphysis (septum), forming a double-lumen trachea was found. Read More

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Early discrimination between tumor-induced rickets/osteomalacia and X-linked hypophosphatemia in Chinese children and adolescents: a retrospective case-control study.

J Bone Miner Res 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Endocrinology, Laboratory of Endocrinology, National Commission of Health, State Key Laboratory of Complex Severe and Rare Diseases, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, No. 1 Shuaifuyuan, Wangfujing Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, China.

In children and adolescents distinguishing tumor-induced rickets/osteomalacia (TIR/O) from hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia (HR/O) is a medical challenge. We retrospectively studied 10 Chinese children and adolescents with TIR/O who underwent surgery at a mean age of 17.4 ± 2. Read More

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Satisfaction of young ENT surgeons with their work. A Finnish national study.

Int J Circumpolar Health 2021 Dec;80(1):1925445

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Finland.

The objective was to investigate work satisfaction among recently graduated otorhinolaryngologist - head and neck surgeons - (ENT surgeons). An electronic questionnaire was sent to all ENT surgeons graduated in Finland during a ten-year period. Answers about work satisfaction were analyzed in detail with regards to age, gender, university of specialist training, experience, place of work and further education. Read More

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December 2021

Role of Bilateral Inferior Turbinoplasty as an Adjunct to Septoplasty in Improving Nasal Obstruction and Subjective Performance in Patients With Deviated Nasal Septum Associated With Allergic Rhinitis: An Interventional, Prospective Study.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 May 10:1455613211015440. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Community Medicine, Bankura Sammilani Medical College and Hospital, Bankura, West Bengal, India.

Background: Patients with nasal obstruction due to deviated nasal septum (DNS) often have allergic rhinitis (AR) as contributing factor. When optimal medical therapy for AR fails, septoplasty alone may not adequately treat nasal obstruction. Therefore, with bilateral inferior turbinate hypertrophy representing long-standing AR, adding bilateral inferior turbinoplasty (BIT) to septoplasty might be beneficial. Read More

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Effects of Supine and Prone Positions on Nasal Patency in Healthy Individuals.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 May 10:1455613211015437. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 125573Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi.

Objectives: Supine position reduces nasal patency compared with that in the sitting position; however, data on the effects of prone position on nasal patency is lacking.

Methods: We assessed the nasal patency of 30 healthy individuals without upper respiratory tract disorders by using visual analog scale (VAS) score and acoustic rhinometry in 7 positions: sitting; frontal, right, and left supine; and frontal, right, and left prone.

Results: According to the VAS scores, compared with that in the sitting position, both the supine and prone positions significantly increased subjective nasal obstruction ( < . Read More

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A Series of Surgical Infections and Review of the Literature.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

University of Maryland Shore Regional at Easton, Easton, Maryland, USA.

(HPI) is a rare and underreported pathogen. causes respiratory, soft tissue, and central nervous system (CNS) infections, and endocarditis. Little data on HPI surgical infections are available, especially for intra-abdominal infections (IAI). Read More

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A Comparison of Diagnostic Accuracy of a Rapid Antigen Detection Test in Screening for Group A Streptococcal Throat Infection Between 3- to 10-Year-Old (Children and Preadolescents) and 11- to 21-Year-Old (Adolescents).

Cureus 2021 May 4;13(5):e14840. Epub 2021 May 4.

Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, USA.

Introduction Pharyngitis is one of the most common childhood diseases worldwide. We intended to compare the performance of one such rapid antigen detection test (RADT) using lateral flow immunoassay technique, between 3- to 10-year-old (children and preadolescent) and 11- to 21-year-old (adolescents). Methods Children and adolescents attending the pediatric ED with complaints of throat pain and signs of pharyngeal and tonsillar inflammation were tested by both the RADT and throat culture (TC) directed towards group A streptococcal (GAS) between April and June of 2016. Read More

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Effect of a boomerang-shaped Conchal cartilage graft for Type three Tympanoplasty on Hearing.

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 30;25(2):e289-e295. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India.

 Chronic suppurative otitis media atticoantral disease (CSOM-AAD) is often associated with ossicular erosion resulting in significant hearing loss. Absence of the stapes suprastructure is a poor prognostic indicator of hearing outcome, which necessitates an effective reconstruction technique for ossicular continuity and restoration of middle ear volume. In the present study, we used a boomerang-shaped conchal cartilage graft. Read More

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Proptosis in Otorhinolaryngology: An Overview.

Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 30;25(2):e267-e272. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of ENT, Government Medical College, Nalgonda, India.

 Ear, nose and throat (ENT)pathologies can present with proptosis as the early manifestation. The majority of ENT pathologies present with ocular manifestations, due to close anatomical relationship.  To study proptosis in ENT disorders in terms of etiology, pathogenesis, and management. Read More

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The Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of (Thunb.) Nakai, a Chinese Herb With Potential for Development: Review.

Front Pharmacol 2021 22;12:652926. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

College of Basic Medicine, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China.

(Thunb.) Nakai is a folk medicine with a long history in China, which has been applied to treat sore throat, abscess, even tumor and so on. Meanwhile, it is also used as tea in some areas. Read More

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A fractional-order differential equation model of COVID-19 infection of epithelial cells.

Chaos Solitons Fractals 2021 Apr 30:110952. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Nonlinear Analysis and Applied Mathematics (NAAM)-Research Group, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80203, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia.

A novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) appeared in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and spread around the world at a rapid pace, taking the form of pandemic. There was an urgent need to look for the remedy and control this deadly disease. A new strain of coronavirus called Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was considered to be responsible for COVID-19. Read More

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Epidemiology of Influenza Viruses and Viruses Causing Influenza-Like Illness in Children Under 14 Years Old in the 2018-2019 Epidemic Season in Poland.

Med Sci Monit 2021 May 9;27:e929303. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Influenza Research, National Influenza Center, National Institute of Public Health - National Institute of Hygiene, Warsaw, Poland.

BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the epidemiology of influenza viruses and viruses that caused influenza-like disease in children under 14 years of age in the 2018-2019 epidemic season in Poland, and to identify the public health lessons that can be learned. MATERIAL AND METHODS Nose and throat swabs were used to obtain samples. The samples were analyzed in the National Influenza Center, Department of Influenza Research at the National Institute of Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene as well as in 16 Voivodship Sanitary Epidemiological Stations across the country. Read More

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Combined application of pharyngeal volume and minimal cross-sectional area may be helpful in screening persons suspected of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

Sleep Breath 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Otolaryngology, The second hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, 050000, China.

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disease that seriously affects human health and daily life. However, the gold standard for its diagnosis, polysomnography (PSG), is expensive resulting in inadequate diagnosis of this disease in primary clinics. Therefore, a simple and rapid method for initial screening for OSA is needed. Read More

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Arrhythmia incidence and associated factors during volatile induction of general anesthesia with sevoflurane: a retrospective analysis of 950 adult patients.

Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med 2021 May 5:100878. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Sevoflurane has been used to induce anaesthesia in adults due to its suitability for airway management and haemodynamic stability. Few studies have reported arrhythmia during volatile induction with sevoflurane in adults. Here, we investigated the incidence of arrhythmia and risk factors associated with its occurrence during sevoflurane induction of anaesthesia in adults. Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of rapid nucleic acid tests for group A streptococcal pharyngitis: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Université de Paris, Centre of Research in Epidemiology and Statistics (CRESS), INSERM, F-75004, Paris, France; Necker-Enfants malades Hospital, APHP, Université de Paris, Department of General Pediatrics and Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: Acute pharyngitis is one of the most common conditions in outpatient settings and an important source of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing. Rapid antigen detection tests (RADTs) offer diagnosis of group A streptococcus (GAS) at the point of care but have limited sensitivity. Rapid nucleic acid tests (RNATs) are now available; a systematic review of their accuracy is lacking. Read More

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Are presymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections in nursing home residents unrecognized symptomatic infections? Sequence and metadata from weekly testing in an extensive nursing home outbreak.

Age Ageing 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, section of Geriatric Medicine, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam University Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Sars-CoV-2 outbreaks resulted in a high case fatality rate in nursing homes (NH) worldwide. It is unknown to which extent presymptomatic residents and staff contribute to the spread of the virus.

Aims: To assess the contribution of asymptomatic and presymptomatic residents and staff in SARS-CoV-2 transmission during a large outbreak in a Dutch NH. Read More

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Lemierre's syndrome.

Pract Neurol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Neurology, Leeds Centre for Neurosciences, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, West Yorkshire, UK.

Lemierre's syndrome is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition that follows an oropharyngeal infection, typically from and usually affects healthy adolescents or young adults. The characteristic features are septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein and septic embolism leading to multiorgan involvement, commonly the brain, lungs and bones. We report a man with presenting symptoms suggesting hemicrania continua, whose initial imaging showed no features of dural venous sinus or jugular thrombosis. Read More

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Uncommon presentation and complications of herpes zoster infection involving the cervical, vagus and accessory nerves which caused a delay in diagnosis and treatment.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 7;14(5). Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, University of Florida Physicians Family Practice Medical Group, Gainesville, Florida, USA

A 70-year-old man with a history of invasive anal squamous cell carcinoma treated with excision and chemoradiation presented to the emergency department with right-sided neck pain and submandibular lymphadenopathy. CT imaging of the head and neck was unrevealing. The patient eventually developed cranial nerves X and XI dysfunction, manifesting as severe vocal cord paralysis (dysphonia), dysphagia, asymmetric palate elevation/deviation and trapezius muscle atrophy, in addition to scalene muscle atrophy. Read More

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