68,060 results match your criteria Thorax Trauma


Intraventricular blood flow with a fully dynamic mitral valve model.

Comput Biol Med 2018 Nov 29;104:197-204. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Applied Science, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands.

Mitral valve (MV) leaflets affect the formation, growth, and decay of vortices in the left ventricle (LV) during diastolic filling. The shape and motion of MV leaflets are simplified in most studies due to computational restrictions. In this study, we present a newly developed mathematical method to model the dynamic movement of valve leaflets and annulus, which is based on in vivo data obtained with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Read More

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November 2018
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[Dedifferentiated diaphyseal juxtacortical osteosarcoma of ulna with metastasis to the lung].

Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):167-171

Departamento de Piel y Partes Blandas del Instituto Nacional de Cancerología. Ciudad de México, México.

Dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma is a variant in which a high grade osteosarcoma coexists with a parosteal osteosarcoma. We report the case of a 20-year-old female patient who presented with six months of evolution of pain and functional limitation of the right forearm, with no apparent cause; radiographs were performed, observing a tumoral lesion in the diaphysis of the right ulna. Physical examination showed pain upon palpation in the diaphysis of the ulna and limitation of prone-supination. Read More

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December 2018
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The impact of a fine-scale population stratification on rare variant association test results.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207677. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

INSERM, CNRS, UNIV Nantes, l'institut du thorax, Nantes, France.

Population stratification is a well-known confounding factor in both common and rare variant association analyses. Rare variants tend to be more geographically clustered than common variants, because of their more recent origin. However, it is not yet clear if population stratification at a very fine scale (neighboring administrative regions within a country) would lead to statistical bias in rare variant analyses. Read More

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December 2018

Life threatening polyserositis post oesophagectomy.

Respir Med Case Rep 2019 15;26:42-44. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Great Western Hospital, Swindon, Marlborough Road, SN3 6BB, UK.

A 46 year old lady presented three weeks after an oesophagectomy for oesophageal carcinoma with increasing breathlessness and a large left-sided pleural effusion. Computed tomography (CT) scan of her thorax, abdomen and pelvis revealed a large left-sided and small right-sided pleural effusions, a pericardial effusion, ascites and intra-abdominal lymphadenopathy. The patient underwent both pericardial and pleural fluid drainage, however, unfortunately, deteriorated despite these interventions with increasing oxygen requirements requiring nasal high flow oxygen on the Intensive Care Unit. Read More

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November 2018

Pleural anthracosis presenting with massive effusion: a rare entity.

Respirol Case Rep 2019 Feb 28;7(2):e00390. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Respiratory Department Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.

Pleural anthracosis is rare and, in most cases, is diagnosed incidentally or at autopsy. We report a 67-year-old man with pleural anthracosis. He was initially referred for possible tuberculous pleural effusion and had recurrent admissions for symptomatic pleural effusion, which increased with each subsequent episode. Read More

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February 2019

Assembly 12: interstitial lung diseases.

Breathe (Sheff) 2018 Dec;14(4):345-346

Dept of the Diseases of the Thorax, Ospedale Morgagni, Forli, Italy.

http://ow.ly/Bp0730m9zX4. Read More

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December 2018

German Heart Surgery Report 2017: The Annual Updated Registry of the German Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Clinic for Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Klinikum Braunschweig gGmbH, Braunschweig, Germany.

Based on a longtime voluntary registry, founded by the German Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (GSTCVS), well-defined data of all cardiac, thoracic, and vascular surgery procedures performed in 78 German heart surgery departments during the year 2017 are analyzed. In 2017, a total of 179,337 procedures were submitted to the registry, and 101,728 were summarized as heart surgery procedures in the narrower sense. About 16. Read More

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December 2018

Transverse cervical vascular pedicle: It's extended use as 'second-line' recipient vessels in thoracic and upper arm reconstructions in addition to head-and-neck reconstructions.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):182-189

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Background: Selection of recipient vessels is one of the key factors for a successful microvascular reconstruction. Non-availability of primary recipient vessels in the vicinity necessitates surgeon to approach a remote second-line vascular access. Transverse cervical vessels (TCV) have been described as second-line vascular access for head-and-neck reconstructions. Read More

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December 2018

Unusual Case of Plastic Bronchitis Presenting with Pneumopericardium.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Dec 3;19:1434-1436. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Rochester Hills, MI, USA.

BACKGROUND Lymphatic circulation in the thorax enters the systemic blood flow at the subclavian vein. Instances where diversion occurs leads to complications such as pleural effusion. A rare complication of lymphatic diversion results in fluid accumulation in the bronchial tree, causing plastic bronchitis. Read More

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December 2018

Step width and frontal plane trunk motion in bipedal chimpanzee and human walking.

J Hum Evol 2018 Dec 16;125:27-37. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Anatomical Sciences, Stony Brook University Medicine, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA.

Human bipedalism is characterized by mediolateral oscillations of the center of mass (CoM) between the feet. The preferred step widths and CoM oscillations used by humans likely represent a trade-off of several factors (e.g. Read More

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December 2018

Great ape thorax and shoulder configuration-An adaptation for arboreality or knuckle-walking?

J Hum Evol 2018 Dec 16;125:15-26. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Anatomical Sciences, Stony Brook University School of Medicine, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8081, USA.

Great apes exhibit a suite of morphological traits of the shoulder and upper thorax that have traditionally been linked to orthograde arborealism. Recently it has been proposed that these traits are instead adaptations for knuckle-walking, and more broadly, that knuckle-walking itself is an adaptation for shock absorption during terrestriality. Here we test several tenets of these hypotheses using kinematic and kinetic data from chimpanzees and macaques, and electromyographic data of shoulder muscle activity in chimpanzees. Read More

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December 2018

Tumour-to-Tumour Metastasis Phenomenon: Metastatic Prostatic Adenocarcinoma within an Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma in the Brain of a Dog.

J Comp Pathol 2018 Nov 29;165:62-66. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, Veterinary Faculty, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain; Networking Research Centre on Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain.

A 10-year-old entire male French bulldog was presented following clusters of generalized tonic-clonic epileptic seizures. Neurolocalization was consistent with a lesion in the left forebrain. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed a large, ill-defined, intra-axial, space-occupying lesion at the level of the left temporal and parietal lobes, causing marked compression of the adjacent parenchyma. Read More

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November 2018

Primary Meningeal Rhabdomyosarcoma of the Spinal Cord of a Young Dog with Neuromelanocytosis and Multiple Cutaneous Neurofibromas.

J Comp Pathol 2018 Nov 25;165:57-61. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland, USA.

A 7-week-old male black Labrador retriever puppy was presented for post-mortem examination following progressive hindlimb paralysis and multiple masses within the skin. A highly compressive and infiltrative intradural mass was found within the T9-T11 spinal cord. Microscopical and immunohistochemical analysis revealed features compatible with spindle cell rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). Read More

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November 2018

Distribution characteristics of combat-related shrapnel and relationship to weapon type and conflict location: Experience of an operational field hospital.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2018 Nov;24(6):587-593

Department of Radiology, Dr. Aşkım Tüfekçi State Hospital, Adana-Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of shrapnel distribution in the body and a possible relationship to the type of weapon and type of location of the conflict.

Methods: The records of 246 patients admitted to a level-III trauma center with any kind of firearm injury were examined retrospectively. Ninety patients who had at least 1 radiologically-proven piece of shrapnel in their body were included in the study. Read More

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November 2018

Maternal history of miscarriages and measures of fertility in relation to childhood asthma.

Thorax 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Centre for Fertility and Health (CeFH), Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Background: It remains unclear what underlies the greater risk of asthma reported among children conceived by assisted reproductive technologies (ART).

Objective: Our aim was to clarify the role of parental subfertility and unmeasured confounding on the association between ART and childhood asthma, and to examine the possibility for common mechanisms underlying parental subfertility and miscarriages influencing asthma pathogenesis.

Methods: We used data from national Norwegian health registries (n=474 402) and the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) (n=75 797). Read More

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December 2018

Risque cardiovasculaire : quel est le rôle du HDL-cholestérol ?

Authors:
Bertrand Cariou

Rev Prat 2016 Mar;66(3):330-331

Clinique d'endocrinologie, Inserm UMR 1087-CNRS UMR 6291, institut du thorax, CHU de Nantes, Nantes, France.

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Quelle est la place des statines dans la prise en charge du diabète ?

Authors:
Bertrand Cariou

Rev Prat 2016 Mar;66(3):328-329

Clinique d'endocrinologie, Inserm UMR 1087-CNRS UMR 6291, institut du thorax, CHU de Nantes, Nantes, France.

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Les effets indésirables des statines.

Authors:
Bertrand Cariou

Rev Prat 2016 Mar;66(3):327-328

Clinique d'endocrinologie, Inserm UMR 1087-CNRS UMR 6291, institut du thorax, CHU de Nantes, Nantes, France.

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Hypothèse LDL-cholestérol : "the lower is trully better". De récents essais renforcent la preuve d’un impact favorable de la réduction du LDL-cholestérol.

Rev Prat 2016 Mar;66(3):317-321

Clinique d'endocrinologie.

LDL-cholesterol hypothesis : the lower is trully better. LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) hypothesis is the concept that elevated LDL-C is a main risk factor in the development of atherosclerosis and consequently in cardiovascular diseases. By extension, the LDL-hypothesis also states that reducing LDL-C levels by nutritional and/or pharmacological approaches is an efficient strategy to reduce cardiovascular events. Read More

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La première cause de décès par cancer en France et un débat sur son dépistage.

Rev Prat 2017 Jan;67(1):34-39

Service de pneumologie, hôpital Louis-Pradel, groupement hospitalier Est, Lyon (Bron), France.

Lung cancer: epidemiology and screening. The incidence of lung cancer in France is estimated 39 495 cases in 2012. Lung cancer is thus the second cancer in men after prostate cancer, and the third after breast cancer and colorectal cancer in women. Read More

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January 2017

Determining RBE for development of lung fibrosis induced by fractionated irradiation with carbon ions utilizing fibrosis index and high-LET BED model.

Clin Transl Radiat Oncol 2019 Jan 2;14:25-32. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

German Cancer Consortium (DKTK), Translational Radiation Oncology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.

Background And Purposes: Carbon ion radiotherapy (CIRT) with raster scanning technology is a promising treatment for lung cancer and thoracic malignancies. Determining normal tissue tolerance of organs at risk is of utmost importance for the success of CIRT. Here we report the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of CIRT as a function of dose and fractionation for development of pulmonary fibrosis using well established fibrosis index (FI) model. Read More

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January 2019
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Honey bees are larger and live longer after developing at low temperature.

J Therm Biol 2018 Dec 18;78:219-226. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Pomology and Apiculture, Faculty of Biotechnology and Horticulture, University of Agriculture in Kraków, Al. 29. Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków, Poland.

Honey bees (Apis mellifera) are known to be temperature specialist and actively maintain brood temperature in a very narrow temperature range. Developing larvae are sensitive to changes of temperature in the nest. Temperatures lower than generally assumed as optimal have been shown to cause a number of negative developmental and behavioural changes in honey bees. Read More

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December 2018

High heterogeneity in community-acquired pneumonia inclusion criteria: does this impact on the validity of the results of randomized controlled trials?

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 3;18(1):607. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.

Background: There is no consensus on the most accurate combination of diagnostic criteria to define community acquired pneumonia (CAP). We describe inclusion criteria in randomized controlled trials (RCT) of CAP and assess their performance for the diagnosis of formally identified CAP.

Methods: RCTs related to CAP recorded on ClinicalTrials. Read More

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December 2018
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Relationships between technique and bat speed, post-impact ball speed, and carry distance during a range hitting task in cricket.

Hum Mov Sci 2018 Nov 27;63:34-44. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

School of Sport, Exercise, and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TU, UK.

The ability of a batsman to clear the boundary is a major contributor to success in modern cricket. The aim of this study was to identify technique parameters characterising those batsmen able to generate greater bat speeds, ball launch speeds, and carry distances during a range hitting task in cricket. Kinematic data were collected for 20 batsmen ranging from international to club standard, and a series of ball launch, bat-ball impact, and technique parameters were calculated for each trial. Read More

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November 2018

Effects of miniaturization in primary larvae of Strepsiptera (Insecta).

Arthropod Struct Dev 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Institut für Zoologie und Evolutionsforschung, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Jena, Germany.

In this review the presently available morphological data on primary larvae of Strepsiptera are interpreted with respect to effects of miniaturization, but also their possible functional or phylogenetic background. The morphology of the 1 instars is mainly affected by functional constraints linked with parasitism but also by very distinct effects of miniaturization. The latter include modifications of the cephalic cuticle, the extremely limited free space in the body lumen, the shift of origins of cephalic muscles to the thorax, a reduced number of cephalic and thoracic muscles, extensions of muscles with cell bodies and other organelles, and an extreme concentration of the entire central nervous system in the middle region of the body. Read More

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November 2018

Morphological description of Mepraia sp. females (Hemiptera: Reduviidae, Tritominae).

Acta Trop 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

São Paulo State University (UNESP), School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Araraquara, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Mepraiaspinolai, M. gajardoi and M. parapatrica occur in distinct regions in Chile. Read More

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November 2018
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Catch fast and kill quickly: do tiger beetles use the same strategies when hunting different types of prey?

PeerJ 2018 21;6:e5971. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Hydrobiology/Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland.

Background: Tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) are fast running predatory insects preying on different small insects and other terrestrial arthropods. Prey is located by sight and captured after short and fast pursuit interspersed with pause-and-look behaviour. At least some tiger beetle species can recognise the size and location of prey using memory, which probably allows them to achieve greater hunting success. Read More

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November 2018

Holistic services for people with advanced disease and chronic breathlessness: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Thorax 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Cicely Saunders Institute of Palliative Care, Policy and Rehabilitation, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: Breathlessness is a common, distressing symptom in people with advanced disease and a marker of deterioration. Holistic services that draw on integrated palliative care have been developed for this group. This systematic review aimed to examine the outcomes, experiences and therapeutic components of these services. Read More

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November 2018

Case of Tumors in the Thorax, Connected with Renal Calculi.

Authors:
C J Roberts

Lond Med Phys J 1829 Nov;7(41):408-411

Physician to the General and to the South London Dispensaries, &c.

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November 1829

Cases of Injuries of the Thorax.

Authors:

Lond Med Phys J 1826 Dec;1(6):528-538

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December 1826

Case of Transposition of the Viscera of the Thorax and Abdomen.

Authors:
Rose

Lond Med Phys J 1826 Oct;1(4):345-346

St. George's Hospital.

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October 1826

Mr. Forster's Case of Tumors in the Thorax.

Authors:
Thomas Forster

Med Phys J 1812 Nov;28(165):381-382

Clapton.

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November 1812

Case of a Wound Penetrating the Abdomen and Thorax.

Authors:
M Barthe

Med Phys J 1803 Sep;10(55):250-252

Professor in that University.

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September 1803

Mr. Davies, on Hydro-Thorax.

Authors:
H Davies

Med Phys J 1800 Nov;4(21):384-386

Piccadilly.

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November 1800

Outcome of liver transplant patients with high urgent priority. Are we doing the right thing?

Transplantation 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of General-, Visceral-, and Transplant Surgery, University of Munich, Campus Grosshadern, Germany.

Background: About 15% of liver transplantations in Eurotransplant are currently performed in patients with a high-urgency (HU) status. Patients that have acute liver failure or require an acute retransplantation can apply for this status. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of this prioritization. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Multiethnic Genome-wide Association Study of Diabetic Retinopathy using Liability Threshold Modeling of Duration of Diabetes and Glycemic Control.

Diabetes 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA

To identify genetic variants associated with diabetic retinopathy (DR), we performed a large, multiethnic genome-wide association study (GWAS). Discovery included eight European cohorts (n = 3,246) and seven African American cohorts (n = 2,611). We meta-analyzed across cohorts using inverse-variance weighting, with and without liability threshold modeling of glycemic control and duration of diabetes. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read
8.095 Impact Factor

A new species of black fly with a yellow thorax in the genus Prosimulium (Diptera: Simuliidae) in Japan.

Zootaxa 2018 Nov 23;4524(4):489-495. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Tropical Infectious Diseases Research and Education Centre (TIDREC), University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

A new species of black fly, Prosimulium kazukii, is described based on female, male and pupal specimens collected from central Honshu, Japan. It is placed in the Prosimulium magnum species-group, and is characterized in the female and male by yellow thoraces, and in the pupa by the frons and dorsal surface of the thorax without distinct tubercles. By these characters, it is distinguished from all four related species (P. Read More

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November 2018

A new genus and species of Sophiini Townsend, 1936 (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Brazil, with an updated key to the genera of the tribe.

Zootaxa 2018 Oct 16;4500(3):433-442. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Zoology, Institute of Biosciences, University of São Paulo, Rua do Matão, Travessa 14, n. 101, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo-SP, 05508-900, Brazil..

Sophiini is a New World tribe of Tachinidae composed, prior to this study, of 19 species in eight genera. Cryptosophia aurulenta gen. and sp. Read More

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October 2018

Evaluation of Strategies in the Management of Infective Aortic Valve Endocarditis at German Cardiac Surgical Departments.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Heart Centre, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Background:  Surgical treatment of infective aortic valve endocarditis (AVE) remains a therapeutic challenge, necessitating interdisciplinary approach to limit morbidity and mortality in this high-risk cohort. With a considerable spectrum of available laboratory testings, imaging techniques, as well as operative strategies developed in recent years, there is a lack of standardization across cardiac surgical departments in Germany. Thus, the optimal treatment strategy of AVE has yet to be defined. Read More

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November 2018

Influence of biomechanical models on joint kinematics and kinetics in baseball pitching.

Sports Biomech 2018 Nov 28:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

a Department of BioMechanical Engineering , Delft University of Technology , Delft , The Netherlands.

In baseball pitching, biomechanical parameters have been linked to ball velocity and potential injury risk. However, although the features of a biomechanical model have a significant influence on the kinematics and kinetics of a motion, this influence have not been assessed for pitching. The aim of this study was to evaluate the choice of the trunk and shoulder features, by comparing two models using the same input. Read More

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November 2018

[Hirsutism secondary to a luteal cyst of the right ovary at the department of internal medicine and endocrinology of the Mali Hospital].

Mali Med 2018 ;33(1):35-37

Service de médecine interne et d'endocrinologie de l'hôpital du Mali.

The authors are reporting here for the first time a documented case of androgen-secreting luteal cyst responsible for primary sterility in Mali. A 26-year married woman with a history of familial hyper androgenia of diabetes and high blood pressure who consulted for hyper androgen syndrome and primary infertility. Hirsutism with the presence of hairs on her chin, upper lips, thorax, forearms, arms, and her legs under waxing which made a Ferriman and Galloway scoreof10. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Imaging of thoracic hernias: types and complications.

Insights Imaging 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Imaging Science, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601, Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA.

Thoracic hernias are characterised by either protrusion of the thoracic contents outside their normal anatomical confines or extension of the abdominal contents within the thorax. Thoracic hernias can be either congenital or acquired in aetiology. They can occur at the level of the thoracic inlet, chest wall or diaphragm. Read More

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November 2018