10,688 results match your criteria Thoracic Spine Trauma


Does injury pattern among major road trauma patients influence prehospital transport decisions regardless of the distance to the nearest trauma centre? - a retrospective study.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2019 Feb 13;27(1):18. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Neuroscience Research Australia, 139 Barker Street, Randwick, Sydney, NSW, 2031, Australia.

Background: Prehospital undertriage occurs when the required level of care for a major trauma patient is underestimated and the patient is transported to a lower-level emergency care facility. One possible reason is that the pattern of injuries exceeding a certain severity threshold is not easily recognizable in the field. The present study aims to examine whether the injury patterns of major road trauma patients are associated with trauma centre transport decisions in Sweden, controlling for the distance from the crash to the nearest trauma centre and other patient characteristics. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13049-019-0593-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Augmenting Denver criteria yields increased BCVI detection, with screening showing markedly increased risk for subsequent ischemic stroke.

Emerg Radiol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Radiology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Purpose: BCVI may lead to ischemic stroke, disability, and death, while being often initially clinically silent. Screening criteria for BCVI based on clinical findings and trauma mechanism have improved detection, with Denver criteria being most common. Up to 30% of patients do not meet BCVI screening criteria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10140-019-01677-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Management of Spinal Injuries in Polytrauma Patients: An Experience of Tertiary Care Hospital.

Mymensingh Med J 2019 Jan;28(1):182-192

Dr Md Kamrul Ahsan, Associate Professor of Spinal Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikk Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Spine injuries, a common component in Polytrauma are usually affects the young people and is a major cause of morbidity and poses a significant health care expenditure and considerable threats to survival and quality of life. We retrospectively assess the demographics, incidence, mode of trauma, associated spine injuries, complications, neurological improvement and mortality. Records of total 1695 admitted patients, spinal injuries were 262 patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2019

Fracture patterns in patients with multiple fractures: the probability of multiple fractures and the most frequently associated regions.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

St. Vincent Hospital-Metabolic Bone Diseases Unit, The VINFORCE Study Group, Vienna, Austria.

Introduction: Multiple fractures are of high clinical relevance, as a significant increase in mortality rate has been described. The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in age and gender distribution in multiple fractures dependent on severity of trauma. Furthermore, affected anatomic regions and frequently associated fracture regions were investigated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00068-019-01087-4DOI Listing
February 2019

A review of children with severe trauma admitted to pediatric intensive care in Queensland, Australia.

PLoS One 2019 7;14(2):e0211530. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: The aim of this study is to review patient characteristics, injury patterns, and outcomes of trauma cases admitted to pediatric intensive care in Children's Health Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Methods: Routinely recorded data collected prospectively from the Children's Health Queensland Trauma Service registry from November 2008 to October 2015 were reviewed. Demographic and clinical characteristics of trauma cases in children under 16 years of age are described, and their association with age and mortality analyzed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211530PLOS
February 2019
3 Reads

Cervical and thoracic spine injury in pediatric motor vehicle crash passengers.

Traffic Inj Prev 2019 Feb 4:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

d Nationwide Children's Center for Injury Research and Policy , Columbus , Ohio.

Objective: Motor vehicle occupants aged 8 to 12 years are in transition, in terms of both restraint use (booster seat or vehicle belt) and anatomical development. Rear-seated occupants in this age group are more likely to be inappropriately restrained than other age groups, increasing their vulnerability to spinal injury. The skeletal anatomy of an 8- to 12-year-old child is also in developmental transition, resulting in spinal injury patterns that are unique to this age group. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1529412DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Immediate biomechanical, systemic, and interoceptive effects of myofascial release on the thoracic spine: A randomised controlled trial.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2019 Jan 24;23(1):74-81. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

College of Human & Health Sciences, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea, Wales, SA2 8PP, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Myofascial release (MFR) is used to restore tissue extensibility of the fascia tissue and is considered to be useful in a number of clinical settings such as low back pain, ankle injuries, fibromyalgia, and headaches. There is, however, despite the popularity of MFR in manual therapy, little consensus on whether it leads to biomechanical, systemic or interoceptive outcomes.

Aims: This study aimed to explore the immediate biomechanical (increased elasticity for increased range of motion), systemic (local vs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S13608592183044
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2018.10.006DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Surgical management of spinal metastases of thymic carcinoma: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(3):e14198

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences.

Rationale: Metastatic thymic carcinoma in the spine is a rare disease with no standard curative managements yet. The objective of this study is to report a very rare case of spinal metastases of thymic carcinoma successfully operated by combination of instrumentation and cement augmentation together with adjuvant treatment. The management of these unique cases has yet to be well-documented. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014198DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Cervical spine alignment following surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS): a pre-to-post analysis of 81 patients.

BMC Surg 2019 Jan 15;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Clinic for Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Center for Orthopaedics, Trauma Surgery and Spinal Cord Injury, Heidelberg University Hospital, Schlierbacher Landstr.200a, 69118, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Several studies have emphasized the importance of restoring thoracic kyphosis (TK) in the setting of AIS, but very few have discussed changes in cervical spine alignment following surgery. Aim of this study was to evaluate reciprocal cervical alignment change after modification of global and regional thoracolumbar alignment with surgery in the setting of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Methods: Baseline and 2-yrs follow-up radiographs of AIS patients (n = 81) were analysed measuring cervical parameters (upper cervical: C2-C0, McGregor Slope; lower cervical: C2-C7, C2-C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA), C2-T3, C2-T3SVA, C2-T1Harrison (C2-T1Ha), T1 Slope (T1S)), thoracic, lumbar, pelvic and global alignment parameters. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12893-019-0471-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334400PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Spinal fractures incurred by a fall from standing height.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2019 Feb 7;177:106-113. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, Wessex Neurological Centre, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton, SO16 6YD, United Kingdom; Division of Clinical Neurosciences, School of Medicine, University of Southampton, Tremona Road, Southampton, SO16 6YD, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objective: Falls from standing are common, particularly amongst the aging population, due to declining mobility, proprioception and vision. They are often complicated by fragility fractures, including vertebral fractures, that are associated with significant morbidity and may represent a pre-terminal condition with high one-year mortality rates.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective review of the Trauma Audit and Research Network database for a major trauma centre was conducted for all patients admitted between January 2011 and December 2016. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03038467193000
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2019.01.005DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Grisel syndrome presenting as hemiplegia in a patient with multifocal sepsis.

Malawi Med J 2018 06;30(2):127-131

Consultant Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgeon; Dean of Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Malawi.

Introduction: Grisel syndrome is a non-traumatic rotary subluxation of C1 on C2 (atlantoaxial subluxation). It is a rare condition predominantly described in paediatric population with previous history of upper respiratory infections orotolaryngeal procedures. The diagnosis is established by the association of clinical and radiologic findings4,6. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/mmj.v30i2.13DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307069PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Cervical and High-Thoracic Dorsal Root Ganglion Stimulation in Chronic Neuropathic Pain.

Neuromodulation 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Functional Neurosurgery and Stereotaxy, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Introduction: Dorsal root ganglion stimulation is a meanwhile established but rather new technique of neuromodulation to treat chronic pain states of different origin. While being primarily used in the lumbar region, dorsal root ganglion (DRG) stimulation also can be used in the upper thoracic and cervical region with slight alterations of the surgical approach. This offers new therapeutic options especially in the treatment of neuropathic pain states of the upper extremities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ner.12916
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ner.12916DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

The relationship between global spinal alignment and pelvic orientation from standing to sitting following pedicle subtraction osteotomy in ankylosing spondylitis patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Spine Surgery, Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Zhongshan Road 321, Nanjing, 210008, China.

Introduction: To investigate the relationship between the spinal sagittal alignment and arc of pelvic motion from standing to sitting in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis following pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO).

Materials And Methods: AS patients who underwent PSO for thoracolumbar kyphosis from January 2016 to July 2018 were recruited. EOS standing and sitting images were obtained pre- and postoperatively. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00402-018-03107-1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00402-018-03107-1DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Analysis of the Frequency and Mechanism of Injury to Warfighters in the Under-body Blast Environment.

Stapp Car Crash J 2018 Nov;62:489-513

Survivability/Lethality Analysis Directorate (SLAD).

During Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, improvised explosive devices were used strategically and with increasing frequency. To effectively design countermeasures for this environment, the Department of Defense identified the need for an under-body blast-specific Warrior Injury Assessment Manikin (WIAMan). To help with this design, information on Warfighter injuries in mounted under-body blast attacks was obtained from the Joint Trauma Analysis and Prevention of Injury in Combat program through their Request for Information interface. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2018
6 Reads

Human Shoulder Response to Lateral Impact in Intermediate Loading Conditions Between High-Velocity, Short-Duration and Low-Velocity, Long-Duration.

Stapp Car Crash J 2018 Nov;62:319-357

Université Paris René Descartes (Paris, France).

The EuroSID-2re (ES-2re) Anthropomorphic Test Device (ATD) commonly known as the crash test dummy is also used in the military domain to assess the risk of injury of armored vehicles occupants from lateral impact. The loading conditions range from low velocity - long duration impacts (4 m/s - 50 ms) similar to the automotive domain, to high velocity - short duration impacts (28 m/s - 3 ms) corresponding to cases where the panel deforms under an explosion. The human shoulder response to lateral impact was investigated at bounds of the loading condition spectrum previously mentioned, and also at intermediate conditions (14 m/s - 9 ms) in previous studies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2018
2 Reads

Injury Risk Curves for the Human Cervical Spine from Inferior-to-Superior Loading.

Stapp Car Crash J 2018 Nov;62:271-292

Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, MD.

Cervical spine injuries can occur in military scenarios from events such as underbody blast events. Such scenarios impart inferior-to-superior loads to the spine. The objective of this study is to develop human injury risk curves (IRCs) under this loading mode using Post Mortem Human Surrogates (PMHS). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
November 2018

The Effectiveness of Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation in Subarachnoid Pleural Fistula: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Neurospine 2018 Dec 2;15(4):394-399. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Spine Surgery, Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore, India.

Subarachnoid pleural fistula (SPF) is an aberrant communication between the pleural cavity and subarachnoid space, resulting in uncontrolled cerebrospinal fluid drainage. The negative pressure of the pleural cavity creates a continuous suctioning effect, thereby impeding the spontaneous closure of these fistulas. Dural tears or punctures in cardiothoracic procedures, spinal operations, and trauma are known to cause such abnormal communications. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14245/ns.1836056.028DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Foreign body in the thoracic spine due to a nail gun penetrating injury: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(52):e13870

Department of Emergency Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital.

Rationale: Spinal cord injuries could be catastrophic because they may result in severe neurovascular complications. Here, we present a case of thoracic spine-penetrating injury by a nail-gun.

Patient Concerns: A 60-year-old male presented to our emergency department with complaints of progressive right chest pain for 1 week that was preceded by back pain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201812280-0006
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013870DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6314768PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

The Role of Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis of Pediatric Thoracolumbar Compression Fractures.

J Pediatr Orthop 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Biomedical Engineering, University of Tennessee-Campbell Clinic.

Background: Because of concerns about radiation exposure, some centers consider magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs) the preferred imaging modality for pediatric thoracic and/or lumbar compression fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of computed tomography (CT) and MRI in diagnosing thoracolumbar compression fractures and the utility of MRI in their management.

Methods: Retrospective review identified 52 patients aged 0 to 18 years with 191 thoracic and/or lumbar compression fractures who had both CT and MRI during the initial trauma evaluation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001316DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Assessment of Inter- and Intraobserver Reliability and Accuracy to Evaluate Apical Vertebral Rotation Using Four Methods: An Experimental Study Using a Saw Bone Model.

Spine Deform 2019 Jan;7(1):11-17

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 750 E. Adams St., Syracuse, NY 13210, USA. Electronic address:

Study Design: After placing a thoracic three-vertebra segment saw bones model on a standardized turntable, a series of anteroposterior (AP) radiographs were obtained and then set in increments to 90° rotation. Then the specimen was instrumented with 35-mm pedicle screws bilaterally and the rotation process and image acquisition were repeated.

Objective: Assess reliability and accuracy of spine surgeons evaluating apical vertebral rotation (AVR) through surgeon's visual x-ray estimation, Nash-Moe system, Upasani trigonometric method, and Upasani grading system. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212134X183012
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspd.2018.06.009DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Identification of unique characteristics and the management of blunt traumatic aortic injuries occurring at unusual locations in the descending thoracic aorta.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Jan;69(1):40-46

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Florida, College of Medicine, Jacksonville, Fla.

Background: The usual location of thoracic blunt traumatic aortic injury (BTAI) is just distal to the left subclavian artery; however, injuries can also be found in other locations in the descending thoracic aorta (DTA).

Methods: This is a single-institution, retrospective study, using 74 consecutive BTAI in the DTA. The patients were separated into two groups based on the location of the injury. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.06.208DOI Listing
January 2019

Surgery for traumatic fractures of the upper thoracic spine (T1-T6).

Surg Neurol Int 2018 19;9:231. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA.

Background: The management of traumatic upper thoracic spine fractures (T1-T6) is complex due to the unique biomechanical/physiological characteristics of these levels and the nature of the injuries. They are commonly associated with multiple other traumatic injuries and severe spinal cord injuries. We describe the safety and efficacy of surgery for achieving stability and maintaining reduction of upper thoracic T1-T6 spine fractures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://surgicalneurologyint.com/surgicalint-articles/surgery
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_273_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262946PMC
November 2018
14 Reads

PET/CT-negative malignant spine tumor with pathologic fracture: A case report of malignant solitary bone plasmacytoma.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(50):e13374

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Spine Center, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: We report on a patient with a positron emission tomography/computed tomography scans (PET/CT)-negative malignant spine tumor, which had even caused a pathologic fracture, and was eventually confirmed on surgical biopsy.

Patient Concerns: A 67-year-old man visited our emergency department with sudden onset of lower extremities paraplegia after slip down. On examination, gradually increasing paralysis was observed in both lower limbs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013374DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320108PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Development of injury risk models to guide CT evaluation in the emergency department after motor vehicle collisions.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 Dec 13:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

c Department of Public Health , University of Virginia , Charlottesville , Virigina.

Objective: The clinical evaluation of motor vehicle collision (MVC) victims is challenging and commonly relies on computed tomography (CT) to detect internal injuries. CT scans are financially expensive and each scan exposes the patient to additional ionizing radiation with an associated, albeit low, risk of cancer. Injury risk prediction based on regression modeling has been to be shown to be successful in estimating Injury Severity Scores (ISSs). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1543872DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Beneficial effects of percutaneous minimally invasive surgery for patients with fractures in the thoracic spine.

Exp Ther Med 2018 Dec 22;16(6):5394-5399. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Orthopedics, Changzheng Hospital Affiliated to The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200003, P.R. China.

Percutaneous minimally invasive surgery (PMIS) is the most common surgical procedure used in patients with fractures in the thoracic spine. In the present study, the benefits of PMIS compared with the conventional open surgery (COS) were investigated in patients with thoracic spine fractures. A total of 84 patients were recruited in the current analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2018.6887DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6257655PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Thoracic spine dislocation in Gorham-Stout Syndrome: Case report and literature review.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 1;9:223. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Spanish Hospital, Mendoza, Argentina.

Background: The Gorham-Stout syndrome (GSS), also known as phantom bone disease, is a rare bone condition of unknown etiology. Involvement of the spine is described in <50 cases in the literature. Here, we report a case of thoracic spine fracture dislocation in a young female who was known to have GSS. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_311_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6238329PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Posterior Extensive Circumferential Decompressive Reconstructive Technique in Surgical Treatment of Upper Thoracic Spine Compressive Lesions.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology, Minia University Hospital, El-Minia; and Minia University Spine Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia University Hospital, El-Minia, Egypt.

Background: Complexity in ventral surgical exposure and presence of scapula and large parascapular musculature during posterior surgery are the main obstacles in operative treatment of upper thoracic spine compressive lesions (UTSCLs), such as trauma, tuberculosis, and neoplasm. Recently, the advantages of combined ventrodorsal surgery could be successfully gained using a 1-stage posterior salvage technique with enough accessibility to all 3 spinal columns. This was a retrospective evaluation of 35 patients with UTSCLs treated by the posterior extensive circumferential decompressive reconstructive (PECDR) procedure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.194DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Transverse Process Fractures: A Clinical Series and Coronal Injury of the Spine.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Neurosurgery Department, Gazi Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: Transverse process fractures in trauma patients frequently are diagnosed using computed tomography and result in severe pain and limitation of motion. However, there is no accepted standard of care. Thus, these fractures can be treated with excessive measures or inadequately treated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.147DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Post-operative nerve injuries after cervical spine surgery.

Int Orthop 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Although relatively rare, post-operative nerve injuries may occur after cervical spine procedures. The most common post-operative neural disorder is C5 nerve palsy. The risk factors for C5 nerve palsy are male gender, OPLL, and posterior cervical approaches. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00264-018-4257-4
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-018-4257-4DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Serious chronic disease of the cervical spine and trauma in a young female from the middle ages (Czech Republic).

Int J Paleopathol 2018 Nov 26;24:185-196. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum, Øster Voldgade 5-7, 1350, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

The skeletal remains of the young female (20-24 years) from Grave JP/106, discovered in the Southern Suburb of the Břeclav - Pohansko Stronghold (Early Middle Ages, 9th century-beginning of the 10 century, present day Czech Republic) display several noteworthy pathologies. The first is deformation of the mandible, which was most probably caused by a fracture of the ramus in combination with a subcondylar fracture. The spine of this young woman also exhibits a probable traumatic injury of the cervical spine in combination with a slowly growing structure situated inside the spinal canal, which caused deformation centered upon C7. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2018.11.004DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Functional and Histological Gender Comparison of Age-Matched Rats after Moderate Thoracic Contusive Spinal Cord Injury.

J Neurotrauma 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

1 Spinal Cord and Brain Injury Research Group, Stark Neurosciences Research Institute, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Spinal cord injury (SCI) afflicts hundreds of thousands of Americans, and most SCI (∼80%) occurs in males. In experimental animal models, however, many studies used females. Funding agencies like the National Institutes of Health recommend that new proposed studies should include both genders due to variations in gender response to injuries, diseases, and treatments. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/neu.2018.6233DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Spine Injuries Related to Ocean Waves: Case Series of Unusual Injuries.

Authors:
Luis A Robles

Cureus 2018 Sep 19;10(9):e3335. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Neurosurgery, CMQ Premier Hospital, Puerto Vallarta, MEX.

Spine injuries related to ocean wave accidents are little known because they exclusively occur in beach destinations. This unusual type of trauma happens when these patients are slammed or caught by a wave, rolled over, and driven into the water, usually hitting the head on the seabed. Due to the kinematics of ocean wave accidents, spine injuries occur almost exclusively in the subaxial cervical spine. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cureus.com/articles/14826-spine-injuries-related
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3335DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6248870PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

Spinal Cord Injury From Spinal Tumors: Prevalence, Management, and Outcomes.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 22;122:e1551-e1556. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Background: With the aging population in the United States, it can be anticipated that the prevalence of spinal cord injuries (SCIs) and cancer will increase. Primary or metastatic spine tumors sit at a unique intersection of these 2 realms. Our objective was to evaluate the prevalence, outcomes, and complications after the management of SCI arising from spinal tumors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.099DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Assessment of the Original Height of L after Vertebral Compression Fracture.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Aug 25;34(4):359-362. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China.

Objectives: To explore the assessment method of original height of L after vertebral compression fracture and its application value in forensic clinical practice.

Methods: A total of 154 normal thoracic and lumbar X-ray films were collected, and 140 cases were used as experimental group while 14 cases as validation group. The heights of anterior (a) and posterior (p) vertebral body of T₁₂-L₃ vertebrae in each X-ray image were measured. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2018.04.003DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

Epidemiology of Spinal Injury in North East India: A Retrospective Study.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):1084-1086

Department of General Surgery, SMIMS and CRH, Gangtok, Sikkim, India.

Aim: To find out the epidemiology of spinal injury in North East India.

Material And Methods: This study is a retrospective hospital-based analysis of spine injury patients admitted to Central Referral Hospital, Sikkim Manipal University from July 2013 to June 2017July 2013 to June 2017.

Results: During the study period 57 patients with spinal injury were admitted and treated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.asianjns.org/text.asp?2018/13/4/1084/231022
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_196_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208230PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Penetrating spine injury bisecting thoracic spinal canal with no significant neurological deficits-The midline cord syndrome.

Spinal Cord Ser Cases 2018 13;4:102. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, 249203 Uttarakhand India.

Introduction: In India, the incidence of penetrating spine injury (PSI) is increasing because of the increased use of advanced ballistics (missile PSI) among military personnel and sophisticated tools and construction instruments like nail-guns or drills (non-missile PSI) among civilians. These injuries are associated with a risk of neurological damage, central nervous system infections, vascular injury, dural tear followed by CSF leakage, and spinal instability.

Case Presentation: A 35-year-old male presented with a non-missile PSI with retained iron nail bisecting his dorsal spinal cord, without any motor deficits. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41394-018-0136-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6234210PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Robot-assisted percutaneous placement of K-wires during minimally invasive interventions of the spine.

Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol 2018 Nov 15:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

e Department of Trauma Surgery , University Hospital Frankfurt , Frankfurt am Main , Germany.

Purpose: To assess the accuracy and time requirements of image-guided percutaneous K-wire insertion in the spine using an advanced robot assistance device for needle guidance and to demonstrate a radiation-free workflow for the physician.

Material And Methods: A planning CT-scan was acquired of a cadaver specimen and analyzed using a 3D-interventional software integrated in the robotic device. The optimal needle path was simulated and the needle holder of the robot was used for guidance during K-wire insertion. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13645706.2018.1544567DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Death by hanging: a retrospective case-control investigation of the intervertebral disc vacuum phenomenon on PMCT.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2018 12 13;14(4):484-496. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Imaging, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190/52, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland.

During hanging gravitational forces affect the spine. Intervertebral vacuum phenomenon (VP) implies that gas accumulations in the discs are caused by degeneration of the spine and trauma. It was hypothesized that VP detected on postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) has a higher incidence in hanging deaths, which can be correlated to age, degenerative spinal changes and type of hanging (complete-incomplete). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12024-018-0034-3
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-018-0034-3DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Spinal fractures in patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis: Clinical characteristics by fracture level.

J Orthop Sci 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan; Keio Spine Research Group, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) makes the spine prone to unstable fractures with neurological deterioration. This study was conducted to assess clinical and radiographic features of spinal fractures in DISH by the level of spinal injury, and to evaluate the optimal treatment for each level.

Methods: A multicenter retrospective study over a 5-year period, including 46 patients (35 males; 11 females) with a mean age of 77. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09492658183031
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2018.10.017DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Epidemiology of Spinal Fractures in a level one Trauma Center in the Netherlands; a 10 Years Review.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Trauma surgery, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Study Design: Retrospective epidemiological study OBJECTIVE.: To describe the epidemiology of spinal fractures over a ten years period in a Level 1 Trauma center in the Netherlands.

Summary Of Background Data: Spinal fractures may have large socioeconomic consequences. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00007632-900000000-9479
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000002923DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Fish-Mouth Thoracic Fracture Fixation with Minimally Invasive Percutaneous Reduction: A Technical Note.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 1;122:106-111. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Miami Hospital, Miami, Florida, USA.

Background: Surgical stabilization of thoracic spine fractures is recommended for unstable patterns, yet much debate exists regarding the best approach for reduction. The aim of this article was to report the outcome of a novel method for stabilization of a fish-mouth thoracic spine fracture.

Methods: A retrospective patient chart review was conducted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.152DOI Listing
February 2019
2.420 Impact Factor

Bone and joint mycobacterial infection: a retrospective review of cases presenting to a UK district hospital.

J Med Microbiol 2018 Dec 30;67(12):1698-1705. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

3​Clinical Microbiology and Public Health Laboratory, National Infection Service, Public Health England, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, CB2 2QW, UK.

Purpose: Peterborough has one of the highest rates of tuberculosis (TB) in the east of England. We reviewed the epidemiology, management and outcome of all cases of bone and joint TB (BJTB) diagnosed since 2000.

Methodology: Retrospective review of all adult cases of BJTB between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2015. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/jmm/10.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.000867DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma of the thoracic spine after herbal medicine: a case report.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2018 Oct 29;18(1):291. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Orthopaedics, Hanil General Hospital, 308 Uicheon-ro, Dobong-Gu, Seoul, 132-703, South Korea.

Background: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is an uncommon disease, but it can lead to acute cord compression with disabling consequences. Identifiable reasons for spontaneous hemorrhage are vascular malformations and bleeding disorders. However, SSEH after taking herbal medicines has not been described yet. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12906-018-2354-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206678PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

Systematic review of musculoskeletal injuries in professional golfers.

Br J Sports Med 2019 Jan 26;53(1):13-18. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

European Tour Performance Institute, Virginia Water, UK.

Objective: The distribution of injuries affecting professional golfers is yet to be fully understood. We performed a systematic review of the clinical literature to establish the epidemiology of musculoskeletal injuries affecting professional golfers.

Design: Systematic review. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://bjsm.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bjsports-2018-099572
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-099572DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Clinical outcomes of posterior thoracic cage interbody fusion (PTCIF) to treat trauma and degenerative disease of the thoracic and thoracolumbar junctional spine.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Feb 22;60:117-123. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Laminectomy followed by posterolateral fusion (PLF) is a standard procedure for thoracic and thoracolumbar (TL) compressive lesions. However, it is challenging to apply sufficient bone chips as the spinal cord is exposed after the laminectomy. Therefore, we performed posterior thoracic cage interbody fusion (PTCIF) as an alternative technique. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09675868183089
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.10.047DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Topical Application of Tranexamic Acid in Patients with Thoracolumbar Spine Trauma Undergoing Long-Segment Instrumented Posterior Spinal Fusion.

Asian Spine J 2019 Feb 24;13(1):146-154. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand.

Study Design: Prospective, randomized controlled trial.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of topically applied tranexamic acid (TXA) on postoperative blood loss of neurologically intact patients with thoracolumbar spine trauma.

Overview Of Literature: Few articles exist regarding the use of topical TXA for postoperative bleeding and blood transfusion in spinal surgery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2018.0125DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365782PMC
February 2019

Presence of thoracic and lumbar vertebral malformations in pugs with and without chronic neurological deficits.

Vet J 2018 Nov 13;241:24-30. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Companion Animal Clinical Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, 0033 Oslo, Norway.

Congenital vertebral malformations (CVMs) are common in brachycephalic dogs such as the pug, and are often considered incidental findings. However, specific CVMs have been suggested to be associated with neurological deficits in pugs. The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical importance of CVMs in the pug by comparing computed tomography studies of the thoracolumbar spine from pugs without neurological deficits with those from pugs with a confirmed T3-L3 spinal cord lesion and neurological deficits consistent with a chronic T3-L3 myelopathy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10900233183055
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2018.09.008DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Epidural Analgesia With Surgical Stabilization of Flail Chest Following Blunt Thoracic Trauma in Patients With Multiple Trauma.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2018 4;5:280. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Medical Faculty of Banja Luka, University Clinical Center of Republic of Srpska, University Banja Luka, Banjaluka, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Flail chest, often defined as the fracture of three or more ribs in two or more places, represents the most severe form of rib fractures. Conservative treatment, consisting of respiratory assistance with endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation (internal pneumatic stabilization) and pain control, are the current treatments of choice in the majority of patients with multiple rib fractures. However, the use of mechanical ventilation may create complications. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2018.00280DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6180178PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Successfully Treated Traumatic Dislocation of a Thoracic Vertebra Caused by Minor Trauma in a Patient with Neurofibromatosis Type I A Case Report and Literature Review.

NMC Case Rep J 2018 Oct 13;5(4):77-81. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Division of Neurosurgery, St. Marianna University School of Medicine Yokohama City Seibu Hospital, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.

The authors reported a rare case of young women with neurofibromatosis type I (NF-I) who were successfully treated from the traumatic dislocation of a thoracic vertebra caused by a simple fall, and the relevant literature was reviewed. Due to various spinal dystrophic changes, the conventional posterior spinal fusion surgery was modified for the treatment. Spinal deformity is a common feature of NF-1, and a dystrophic lesion, like dural ectasia, provokes weakness in spinal structural. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/nmccrj/5/4/5_cr.2018-00
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2176/nmccrj.cr.2018-0051DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6187260PMC
October 2018
6 Reads