2,668 results match your criteria Thoracic Outlet Syndrome


Long-term functional outcomes after surgical treatment of nonspecific thoracic outlet syndrome: Retrospective study of 70 cases at a mean of 8 years' follow-up.

Hand Surg Rehabil 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Centre hospitalier régional universitaire de la Cavale Blanche, boulevard Tanguy-Prigent, 29200 Brest, France.

Our objective was to study the clinical and functional outcomes after surgical treatment of nonspecific thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) using a supraclavicular approach. We included every patient with TOS who was treated surgically by the same surgeon at a single hospital between 1999 and 2014 with a minimum follow-up of 4 years. The primary outcome was the overall evaluation of the function by the QuickDASH Score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hansur.2019.03.003DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Two Surgical Patients with Paget-Schroetter Syndrome Presenting with Atypical Pathophysiology: Non-Effort Thrombosis.

Ann Vasc Dis 2019 Mar;12(1):83-86

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Aomori, Japan.

Paget-Schroetter syndrome (PSS) is an upper extremity thrombosis occurring in the axillary and subclavian veins. PSS is also known as "effort thrombosis," because it is usually associated with repetitive and strenuous activities of the upper limbs. We present 2 patients with atypical PSS, so-called "non-effort thrombosis," who were not involved in vigorous activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3400/avd.cr.18-00151DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434354PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

[Progress in diagnosis and therapy of thoracic outlet syndrome].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2019 Feb;32(2):190-194

Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Linhai 317000, Zhejiang, China;

Thoracic outlet syndrome(TOS) are constellation of symptoms caused by compression of the neurovascular bundle including the brachial plexus, the subclavian artery and the subclavian vein at the thoracic outlet region. It includes neurogenic TOS, venus TOS, arterial TOS, and neurogenic TOS is the most common type. TOS has varied manifestations and lack of confirmatory testing, therefore, the diagnosis should be conbination with thorough history, physical examination and associated supplementary examinations. Read More

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http://doi.med.wanfangdata.com.cn/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2019.02.020DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Thoracic outlet syndrome in a postoperative cervical spondylotic myelopathy patient: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Mar;98(11):e14806

Institute of Spine, Longhua Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Rationale: Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a rare disease that presents with neurogenic and vascular symptoms similar to those of cervical spondylosis. However, making the diagnosis of TOS can be challenging due to a lack of standardized objective confirmatory tests.

Patient Concerns: A 66-year-old man presented with neck, supraclavicular, and right shoulder pain as well as numbness and weakness in the right arm after surgery to correct cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014806DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6426532PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Arterial thoracic outlet syndrome caused by cervical ribs-an unusual case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Mar;98(11):e14778

Department of Hand Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital.

Rationale: Cervical ribs are rare conditions, occurring in 0.05% to 3.0% of the population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014778DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6426594PMC
March 2019
1 Read
5.723 Impact Factor

Troisier sign and Virchow node: the anatomy and pathology of pulmonary adenocarcinoma metastasis to a supraclavicular lymph node.

Autops Case Rep 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):e2018053. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

West Virginia University School of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Anatomy & Laboratory Medicine.Morgantown, West Virginia, USA.

Metastatic spread of cancer via the thoracic duct may lead to an enlargement of the left supraclavicular node, known as the Virchow node (VN), leading to an appreciable mass that can be recognized clinically - a Troisier sign. The VN is of profound clinical importance; however, there have been few studies of its regional anatomical relationships. Our report presents a case of a Troisier sign/VN discovered during cadaveric dissection in an individual whose cause of death was, reportedly, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4322/acr.2018.053DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394356PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Physical therapy management, surgical treatment, and patient-reported outcomes measures in a prospective observational cohort of patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome.

J Vasc Surg 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Center for Thoracic Outlet Syndrome, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Mo; Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Mo. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the results of physical therapy management and surgical treatment in a prospective observational cohort of patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) using patient-reported outcomes measures.

Methods: Of 183 new patient referrals from July 1 to December 31, 2015, 150 (82%) met the established clinical diagnostic criteria for NTOS. All patients underwent an initial 6-week physical therapy trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.12.027DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Microvascular Response to the Roos Test Has Excellent Feasibility and Good Reliability in Patients With Suspected Thoracic Outlet Syndrome.

Front Physiol 2019 21;10:136. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

UMR INSERM 1083 - CNRS 6015, Mitovasc Institute, Angers, France.

Exercise oximetry allows operator-independent recordings of microvascular blood flow impairments during exercise and can be used during upper arm provocative maneuvers. To study the test-retest reliability of upper-limb oximetry during the Roos test in patients with suspected thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). Forty-two patients (28 men, 14 women; mean age: 40. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fphys.2019.00136
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00136DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393400PMC
February 2019
13 Reads

Dual approach for large mediastinal tumors in the thoracic outlet: transmanubrial osteomuscular sparing approach and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Feb 26;14(1):42. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kyoto University, 54 Shogoin-Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Background: Selecting the proper surgical approach for mediastinal tumors in the thoracic outlet is difficult. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is ideal because of the less invasiveness; however, it is often difficult to resect tumors only by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery due to the poor visualization of the cranial side of tumors. We report two successfully treated cases by using a dual approach consisting of the transmanubrial osteomuscular sparing technique and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for aiming both the less invasiveness and the good visualization of the cranial side of tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-019-0863-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390527PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Medial claviculectomy for the treatment of recalcitrant central venous stenosis of hemodialysis patients.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2019 May 18;7(3):420-427. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

DeBakey Heart & Vascular Center, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Tex.

Objective: Outflow tract stenosis is the leading cause of hemodialysis access loss. Many lesions are highly resistant to endovascular treatment, necessitating open surgical intervention. We present our experience using medial claviculectomy for treatment of recalcitrant lesions at the thoracic outlet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvsv.2018.10.024DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Esophageal perforation secondary to malignant gastric outlet obstruction: a case report.

World J Surg Oncol 2019 Feb 19;17(1):36. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Oncology, East Carolina University Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, NC, USA.

Background: Esophageal perforation is a rare presenting sign of gastric cancer. To date, only nine case reports of this phenomenon have been previously published.

Case Presentation: Esophageal perforation was diagnosed radiographically during workup for acute chest pain in a 67-year-old man. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12957-019-1576-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381626PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

[Neurologic thoracic outlet syndrome in children: about a case].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 30;30:296. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Service d'ORL et de Chirurgie Cervico-faciale, Hôpital Militaire d'Instruction Mohamed V, Faculté de Médecine, Université Mohamed V, Rabat, Maroc.

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (NTOS) encloses the whole set of clinical manifestations associated with the compression of the trunks of the brachial plexus and/or of the subclavian vessels as they cross the thoracic outlet (cervico-thoraco-brachial junction). It rarely affects children. We here report the case of a young girl treated for neurologic NTOS caused by supernumerary cervical rib. Read More

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http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/30/296
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.296.14523DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320473PMC
January 2019
25 Reads

Intraoperative Neuromonitoring for Brachial Plexus Neurolysis During Delayed Fixation of a Clavicular Fracture Presenting as Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):e85

Mercy Health-Cincinnati Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Case: Brachial plexopathy is a rare complication of nonoperatively treated clavicular fractures. We describe a 68-year-old man who presented with fracture-callus-induced acute brachial plexopathy and dynamic thoracic outlet syndrome after 9 weeks of nonoperative management for a clavicular fracture. He underwent fracture fixation with brachial plexus decompression via callus excision; intraoperative neuromonitoring was used to evaluate brachial plexus function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.CC.18.00040DOI Listing
January 2019
51 Reads

Post-thrombotic syndrome and recurrent thromboembolism in patients with upper extremity deep vein thrombosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Thromb Res 2019 02 8;174:34-39. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology, Western University, London, ON, Canada; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Western University, London, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: There is limited data on the occurrence of complications in patients with upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT).

Aims: We aimed to determine the frequency of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS), thrombosis recurrence and major bleeding (MB) in patients with UEDVT.

Material And Methods: We conducted a systematic review of the literature including studies from 1970 onwards. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2018.12.012DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Simultaneous Congenital Anomaly, Stenosis, and Compression: An Unexpected Trinity of Vascular Conditions.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2018 Dec 28;11(24):2537-2539. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Cardiology, Elias Emergency University Hospital, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2018.06.020DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

The Role of the Axillary Arch Variant in Neurovascular Syndrome of Brachial Plexus Compression.

Cureus 2018 Jun 25;10(6):e2875. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Neurosurgery, Seattle Science Foundation, Seattle, USA.

Axillary arch muscles are often found. In their course through this area, they might interfere with regional neurovascular structures. This case report will examine the presence of the axillary arch muscle and its implication in brachial plexus compression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2875DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263519PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Ultrasound of the Normal Brachial Plexus.

J Belg Soc Radiol 2017 Dec 16;101(Suppl 2):20. Epub 2017 Dec 16.

Reine Fabiola Children's University Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles, BE.

Ultrasound (US) allows a reliable examination of the brachial plexus except for the spinal nerve roots, located deep in the neuro-foramina, beyond the shadowing of the transverse processes of the vertebral bodies. All the other fascicles of the brachial plexus can be mapped by US from the roots of the spinal cervical nerves, from C5 to T1 to the branches at level of the axillary region. US can be considered as an alternative to Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) when MRI is contraindicated, not readily available or in case of claustrophobia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/jbr-btr.1418DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6251065PMC
December 2017
4 Reads

Improved functional outcome in NTOS patients following resection of the subclavius muscle with radiological signs of nerve impingement: indication of participation of the subclavius in brachial plexus compression.

J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1:1-11. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVEBoth clinical and radiological reports have suggested that the subclavius, a muscle in the costoclavicular space of the thoracic outlet, participates in neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) in some instances, especially during movements narrowing the costoclavicular space. Magnetic resonance imaging can identify subclavius muscles with signs of nerve impingement, yet the impact of the subclavius in such situations remains unclear. Therefore, the authors investigated whether dividing or sparing the subclavius characterized by nerve impingement on MRI would affect surgical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.5.JNS18429DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

[Short and midterm results of surgical treatment of interrupted aortic arch].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;56(12):916-921

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Cardiocvascular Diseases Institute, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou 510080, China.

To analyze the early and midterm results of surgical treatment of interrupted aortic arch (IAA) with double-ventricular procedure. The data of the 68 cases with the main diagnosis of IAA with biventricular structure from June 2009 to June 2017 at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangdong General Hospital was collected, including 46 cases of type A, 22 cases of type B. There was no type C case. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-5815.2018.12.008DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Three Cases of Large-Diameter True Brachial and Axillary Artery Aneurysm and a Review of the Literature.

Ann Vasc Surg 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey.

Aneurysms of the upper extremity mostly originate from trauma, mycotic lesions, thoracic outlet syndrome, previous arteriovenous fistulae, and atherosclerosis. True aneurysms of the brachial and axillary artery are encountered rarely. They can be diagnosed by simple physical examination as a pulsatile mass. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.08.100DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Functional Results of Cervical Rib Resection for Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Impact on Professional Activity.

Ann Vasc Surg 2019 Apr 23;56:233-239. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Vascular Surgery Department, University Hospital Grenoble, Grenoble, France.

Background: The aim of this study is to report long-term functional results following cervical rib (CR) resection for thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS).

Methods: This monocentric study included all cases of resection of CR for TOS performed between January 2004 and December 2016. Data were retrospectively collected from the hospital electronic database including preoperative symptoms and the evaluation of occupational well-being, intraoperative data, and early clinical evaluation and occupational well-being during the postoperative period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.09.007DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Endovascular Reconstruction of Subclavian Artery Aneurysms in Patients with Arterial Thoracic Outlet Syndrome.

Ann Vasc Surg 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Vascular Surgery Division, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address:

Background: Subclavian artery aneurysms associated with thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) have traditionally been managed by open surgical reconstruction. Endovascular subclavian artery reconstruction is novel in the setting of arterial TOS (aTOS). Our objective is to report our results with endovascular subclavian artery reconstruction in aTOS patients over a 10-year period with attention to surgical approach and late results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.10.005DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Surgical and endovascular central venous reconstruction combined with thoracic outlet decompression in highly symptomatic patients.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2019 Jan 12;7(1):106-112.e3. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, USF Health Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, Fla.

Background: Subclavian vein stenosis or occlusion at the thoracic outlet is a problem associated with certain anatomic and environmental stresses (venous thoracic outlet syndrome [VTOS]), the presence of central venous catheters, and the high flows associated with arteriovenous (AV) access in the limb. We describe our experience with open and endovascular techniques for restoring patency in highly symptomatic patients.

Methods: A prospectively collected database of patients was queried for patients treated for central venous obstructive disease in the setting of highly symptomatic VTOS and ipsilateral AV access from October 2011 to August 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvsv.2018.07.019DOI Listing
January 2019
24 Reads

[Pinch-off syndrom or costo clavicular forceps syndrom].

Rev Pneumol Clin 2018 Dec 10;74(6):492-496. Epub 2018 Nov 10.

Département de chirurgie thoracique, hôpital Militaire d'instruction Mohammed V, faculté de médecine et de pharmacie, université Mohamed V, 10100 Rabat, Maroc.

Implantable catheter systems are the most common procedure used for patients requiring chemotherapy or long-term drug administration. Several procedures are used for the installation of these systems. Patients with long-term subclavian venous catheters described a progressive rupture of the catheter which is a rare complication. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07618417183012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pneumo.2018.09.014DOI Listing
December 2018
15 Reads

Axillary Chest Wall Hibernoma With Intrathoracic Extension Presenting as Thoracic Outlet Syndrome.

J Thorac Imaging 2019 Jan;34(1):W10-W12

Departments of Cardiothoracic Surgery.

Hibernomas are rare benign soft tissue tumors derived from brown fat. This case report describes an axillary hibernoma with intrathoracic extension, presenting as a thoracic outlet syndrome. A multimodality imaging series illustrates the classic radiologic features of hibernoma as well as its highly unusual pattern of growth. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005382-900000000-9955
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RTI.0000000000000376DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

An 11-year analysis of peripheral nerve injuries in high school sports.

Phys Sportsmed 2018 Nov 5:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

f Department of Neurological Surgery , Stanford University , Stanford , CA , USA.

Introduction: Sports surveillance databases provide valuable information regarding common ailments, yet fewer studies have focused on more rare peripheral nerve injuries. Our objective was to characterize peripheral nerve injuries in high school athletics with respect to incidence, time loss, mechanism, and diagnoses.

Methods: Sport-related nerve injury data on high school athletes were collected during the 2005/2006 through 2015/2016 academic years via the High School Reporting Information Online (RIO) database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00913847.2018.1544453DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Cervical rib and the risk for undiagnosed thoracic outlet syndrome.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2018 Jul-Sep;34(3):419-420

Department of Anesthesiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center of Florida, Miami Beach, Florida, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/joacp.JOACP_395_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6194836PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Late presentation of critical upper limb ischemia caused by pseudarthrosis of the clavicle.

J Vasc Bras 2018 Apr-Jun;17(2):174-177

Hospital Nossa Senhora das Graças - HNSG, Serviço de Cirurgia Vascular e Endovascular Elias Abrão, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.

Compression of the subclavian artery in the thoracic outlet is a well-known phenomenon. In rare cases, bone abnormalities, such as pseudarthrosis of the clavicle, can cause arterial compression at this level. Pseudarthrosis may develop as a result of trauma, which is the more common form, or it may be congenital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1677-5449.009617DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6205708PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Surgical outcomes of neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome based on electrodiagnostic tests and QuickDASH scores.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Dec 16;58:75-78. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Neurological Surgery and Neuroscience, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

In total, 665 of 680 (97%) patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) improved with conservative treatment. The remaining (3%) patients (15 of 680 patients) did not benefit after 3 months of conservative treatment and were referred for transaxillary first rib resection. We retrospectively compared the preoperative and postoperative (3 months) electromyelography and Quick Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hands results of operated NTOS patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.10.005DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

[Vertebrobasilar territory embolisms due to the ununited fracture of the right clavicle from 35 years ago].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2018 Oct 29;58(10):631-635. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Department of Neurology, Kyoto Second Red Cross Hospital.

A 61-year-old man, with a history of right clavicular fracture 35 years prior, visited our hospital due to the sudden onset of vertigo and tinnitus following weakness and numbness in his left arm and leg. He also had a 6-month history of right arm pain with overuse. Brain MRI showed acute brain infarcts in the right posterior cerebral artery territory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001191DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

[Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Caused by Fibrous Dysplasia of the First Rib].

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2018 ;85(4):291-293

I. chirurgická klinika Lékařské fakulty Masarykovy Univerzity a Fakultní nemocnice U sv. Anny v Brně.

The purpose of the case report is to present the case of a 42-year-old woman with thoracic outlet syndrome caused by fibrous dysplasia of the first rib treated by surgical therapy through cervicothoracic approach by Grunenwald with complete vascular and partial brachial plexus preparation. Key words:thoracic outlet syndrome, fibrous dysplasia, cervicothoracic approach. Read More

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January 2019
4 Reads

Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome: Bringing order to chaos.

Authors:
Karl A Illig

J Vasc Surg 2018 10;68(4):939-940

Department of Surgery, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, Fla. Electronic address:

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07415214183098
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2018.04.030DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Treated With Injecting Botulinum Toxin Into Middle Scalene Muscle and Pectoral Muscle Interfascial Planes: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2019 Apr;12(7):235-237

From the Department of Anesthesiology, John H. Stroger Cook County Hospital, Chicago, Illinois.

Thoracic outlet compression syndrome is a complex syndrome of neurovascular compression at the superior thoracic aperture, thought to occur at 1 of 3 anatomical compartments: the interscalene triangle, the costoclavicular space, and the retropectoralis minor space. Injection into the middle interscalene muscle (ISM) and/or pectoralis muscle plane (PECS I and II) is gaining popularity because it provides significant symptomatic relief. A 44-year-old woman was diagnosed with thoracic outlet compression syndrome, with failed conservative therapy, including physical therapy. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=02054229-900000000-9978
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/XAA.0000000000000894DOI Listing
April 2019
15 Reads

Intravascular Ultrasound in Venous Thoracic Outlet Syndrome.

Ann Vasc Surg 2019 Jan 11;54:118-122. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Yale University, Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of General Surgery, New Haven, CT.

Background: Venous thoracic outlet syndrome (vTOS) is a rare disease with no defined guidelines regarding treatment. Patients with first rib resection with anterior scalenectomy (FRRS) often have residual subclavian vein stenosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in the treatment of vTOS patients who have been surgically decompressed with FRRS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.08.077DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Posture-dependent thoracic outlet syndrome due to a inferiorly and dorsally angulated clavicle fracture.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Sep 11. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Surgery, Zuyderland Medical Centre, Heerlen, the Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.14782DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS): A case report of a rare complication after Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(36):e11846

Department of Thoracic Surgery, PLA Army General Hospital, Beijing, China.

Rationale: The Nuss procedure has become a major alternative operation for patients with pectus excavatum (PE).

Patient Concerns: We report a case of 27-year-old man with PE who developed thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) after the Nuss procedure. The patient showed clinical symptoms of brachial plexus compression. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201809070-0001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011846DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6133401PMC
September 2018
15 Reads

Thirty-Day Outcomes Following Surgical Decompression of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome.

Hand (N Y) 2019 Jan 5;14(1):107-113. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

2 Toronto Western Hospital Hand Program, Division of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Surgical thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) management involves decompression of the neurovascular structures by releasing the anterior and/or middle scalene muscles, resection of the first and/or cervical ribs, or a combination. Various surgical approaches (transaxillary, supraclavicular, infraclavicular, and transthoracic) have been used with varying rates of complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate early postoperative outcomes following surgical decompression for TOS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1558944718798834DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346360PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome from Bilateral Cervical Ribs -A Clinical Case Report.

J Orthop Case Rep 2018 Mar-Apr;8(2):78-80

Department of Orthopaedics, National Orthopaedic Hospital Enugu, Nigeria.

Introduction: Cervical rib is a mesenchymal or cartilaginous elongation of the transverse process of usually the seventh, rarely the sixth, and very rarely the fifth cervical vertebrae. It is an important cause of thoracic outlet syndrome as it has been reported in 5-% of patients with thoracic outlet syndrome. Bilateral cervical rib is a rare anomaly with a prevalence of 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13107/jocr.2250-0685.1060DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6114226PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

A DECADE OF EXCELLENT OUTCOMES AFTER SURGICAL INTERVENTION: 538 PATIENTS WITH THORACIC OUTLET SYNDROME.

Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc 2018 ;129:88-94

WINSTON-SALEM, NORTH CAROLINA.

This review describes the outcomes for patients who underwent first rib resection for all three forms of thoracic outlet syndrome during a period of 10 years. The data were previously published in 2014 and the ACCA presentation, and this manuscript are derived largely from this work (1). Patients treated with first rib section from August 2003 through July 2013 were retrospectively reviewed using a prospectively maintained database. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116620PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Extensive or partial first rib resection for thoracic outlet syndrome? The contribution of three-dimensional imaging to the preoperative planning and the postoperative evaluation.

Clin Case Rep 2018 Aug 5;6(8):1631-1632. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Department of Thoracic Surgery "Attikon" Hospital National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Athens Greece.

Transaxillary partial excision of the first rib is associated with minimal morbidity and excellent relief of symptoms of thoracic outlet syndrome due to instant and permanent obviation of the external arterial compression. Three-dimensional imaging offers incremental value of the surgical outcome, highlighting the role of minimally invasive partial resection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.1617DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6099012PMC
August 2018
8 Reads

Cubital tunnel syndrome: Anatomy, clinical presentation, and management.

J Orthop 2018 Sep 16;15(3):832-836. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, 3000 Arlington Ave., Toledo, OH, 43614, USA.

Cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most common peripheral nerve compression seen by hand surgeons. A thorough understanding of the ulnar nerve anatomy and common sites of compression are required to determine the cause of the neuropathy and proper treatment. Recognizing the various clinical presentations of ulnar nerve compression can guide the surgeon to choose examination tests that aid in localizing the site of compression. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0972978X183021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jor.2018.08.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6104141PMC
September 2018
14 Reads

Outcomes of Surgical Management of Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Bayesian Perspective.

J Hand Surg Am 2018 Aug 16. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Hand Surgery, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Purpose: To provide a summary of the relevant evidence on outcomes of transaxillary first rib excision (TAFRE), supraclavicular first rib excision with scalenectomy (SCFRE), and supraclavicular release leaving the first rib intact (SCR) for patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS), and interpret the treatment effects from a Bayesian perspective.

Methods: A systematic literature search and review were performed. Random-effects meta-analyses were conducted to estimate success rate and complete relief rate of each procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2018.06.120DOI Listing
August 2018
19 Reads
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Arteriogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Presenting as Cervical Radiculopathy.

Vasc Endovascular Surg 2019 Jan 14;53(1):79-81. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Augusta Health, Augusta, GA, USA.

Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is an infrequent entity encountered by medical practitioners attributed to compression of the neurovascular structures passing through the thoracic outlet. Here, we report the presentation of a young adult who was referred for workup of cervical radiculopathy and was planned to undergo an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. A dynamic cerebral angiogram was performed and confirmed the diagnosis of arteriogenic TOS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1538574418794081DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Comparison of Athletes and Nonathletes Undergoing Thoracic Outlet Decompression for Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome.

Ann Vasc Surg 2019 Jan 4;54:269-275. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Baylor Heart and Vascular Hospital, Dallas, TX.

Background: Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) is the most common form of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) and may occur from injury, occupational stress, or athletic endeavors. Although most patients with NTOS will improve after first-rib resection and scalenectomy (FRRS), the prognostic risk factors for success remain unclear. Athletes are a very motivated and disciplined demographic and therefore should be a group more likely to respond to FRRS for NTOS than nonathletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2018.05.049DOI Listing
January 2019
49 Reads

A case of symmetric retrograde thromboembolic cerebral infarction in an 8-year-old child due to arterial thoracic outlet syndrome.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Dec 17;34(12):2503-2507. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Department of Pediatric Neurology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Arterial type of thoracic outlet syndrome belongs to the most unusual mechanisms of stroke in children in the first decade of life. We present a case diagnosed for bilateral and symmetric changes due to retrograde thromboembolic phenomenon. Regarding the age of the patient, the appropriate diagnostics and management are still a matter of debate in pediatric and neurological literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-3911-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6224015PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Bilateral anatomic variation in the relation of the upper trunk of the brachial plexus to the anterior scalene muscle.

Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019 16;78(1):195-198. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro.

The brachial plexus represents a field of many anatomical variations with impor- tant clinical implications, especially in the diagnosis and treatment of the thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). The case described in this paper presented a novel bilateral variation in the relation of the upper trunk of the brachial plexus to the anterior scalene muscle. The ventral rami of the C5 and C6 spinal nerves perforated the anterior scalene muscle simultaneously through a common opening, and joined to form the upper trunk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2018.0056DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

An Aberrant Subclavius Posticus Muscle: A Case Report.

Med Princ Pract 2018 9;27(6):579-581. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Objective: An aberrant subclavius posticus muscle was found during routine dissection of the left infraclavicular fossa of a 60-year-old male cadaver.

Presentation: This aberrant muscle arises antero-medially, from the costoclavicular ligament, runs postero-laterally, over the trunks of the brachial plexus, and postero-lateral has a common insertion with the omohyoid muscle.

Conclusion: The presence of such an aberrant muscle may cause a dynamic compression of the subclavian artery and brachial plexus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000491931DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422154PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

The prevalence and characteristics of the subclavius posticus muscle in the adult population on MRI.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Oct 4;40(10):1141-1145. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Radiology, American Hospital, 34580, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: The subclavius posticus muscle (SPM) is an aberrant muscle, and the presence of the SPM has a clinical significance, since the SPM might lead to thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). To date, no radiological study has been evaluated the prevalence of the SPM in the adult population. In this study, we aimed to assess the prevalence of the SPM using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-018-2065-6DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads