150,852 results match your criteria Therapeutic Exercise

Remote versus face-to-face home-based exercise programme in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: protocol for a randomised clinical trial.

BMJ Open 2022 May 26;12(5):e056323. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.

Introduction: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with variable and complex clinical manifestations that requires a multidisciplinary approach. However, face-to-face treatment in this population may experience barriers, such as difficulty accessing physical therapists or other professionals. As a result, strategies (eg, telerehabilitation) emerged to facilitate treatment and physical therapy monitoring. Read More

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Arrhythmias as Presentation of Genetic Cardiomyopathy.

Circ Res 2022 May 26;130(11):1698-1722. Epub 2022 May 26.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Vanderbilt Heart and Vascular Institute, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN.

There is increasing evidence regarding the prevalence of genetic cardiomyopathies, for which arrhythmias may be the first presentation. Ventricular and atrial arrhythmias presenting in the absence of known myocardial disease are often labelled as idiopathic, or lone. While ventricular arrhythmias are well-recognized as presentation for arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy in the right ventricle, the scope of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy has broadened to include those with dominant left ventricular involvement, usually with a phenotype of dilated cardiomyopathy. Read More

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Resistance training reduced luteinising hormone levels in postmenopausal women in a substudy of a randomised controlled clinical trial: A clue to how resistance training reduced vasomotor symptoms.

PLoS One 2022 26;17(5):e0267613. Epub 2022 May 26.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Division of Children's and Women's Health, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: Vasomotor symptoms (VMS) are common around menopause. Menopausal hormone therapy is the most effective treatment for VMS. Physical exercise has been proposed as an alternative treatment since physically active women have previously been found to experience fewer VMS than inactive women. Read More

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The ESCAPE trial for older people with chronic low back pain: Protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

PLoS One 2022 26;17(5):e0266613. Epub 2022 May 26.

Postgradute Program in Rehabilitation and Functional Performance, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Diamantina, Brazil.

Background: Low-back pain is one of the most common health conditions worldwide. It is defined as pain below the costal margin and above the inferior gluteal folds. Current guidelines recommend management of chronic health (e. Read More

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How effective is a blended web-based rehabilitation for improving pain, physical activity, and knee function of patients with knee osteoarthritis? Study protocol for a randomized control trial.

PLoS One 2022 26;17(5):e0268652. Epub 2022 May 26.

Physiotherapy Department of University of West Attica, Egaleo, Attica, Greece.

Due to the chronic nature of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) self-management is considered an essential part of therapy to improve physical function, activity, pain and quality of life (QoL). Web-based rehabilitation may be a potential innovative mode of patient' training to guide management compared to usual care, especially with the current restrictions pandemic imposed. Moreover, in order to alter KOA patients' behavior towards physical activity (PA), it may be more attractive and motivating to combine within their rehabilitation program, outdoor real life local activity that could feasible to be sustained in the future. Read More

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Rating the Quality of Smartphone Apps Related to Shoulder Pain: Systematic Search and Evaluation Using the Mobile App Rating Scale.

JMIR Form Res 2022 May 26;6(5):e34339. Epub 2022 May 26.

Discipline in Physiotherapy, School of Clinical Therapies, College of Medicine and Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

Background: The successful rehabilitation of musculoskeletal pain requires more than medical input alone. Conservative treatment, including physiotherapy and exercise therapy, can be an effective way of decreasing pain associated with musculoskeletal pain. However, face-to-face appointments are currently not feasible. Read More

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Infants With Congenital Muscular Torticollis Requiring Supplemental Physical Therapy Interventions.

Pediatr Phys Ther 2022 May 25. Epub 2022 May 25.

Division of Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy (Drs Greve, Goldsbury, and Simmons), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Department of Rehabilitation, Exercise and Nutrition Sciences (Dr Greve), University of Cincinnati College of Allied Health Sciences, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Purpose: To describe supplemental intervention (SI) frequency in infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT) and compare groups of infants who received first-choice intervention only to infants who received SI.

Methods: Data were retrospectively extracted from a registry. Baseline and treatment variables were collected and analyzed. Read More

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Infants With Congenital Muscular Torticollis: Demographic Factors, Clinical Characteristics, and Physical Therapy Episode of Care.

Pediatr Phys Ther 2022 May 25. Epub 2022 May 25.

Division of Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy (Drs Greve and Bailes), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio; Department of Rehabilitation, Exercise and Nutrition Sciences (Drs Greve and Bailes), University of Cincinnati College of Allied Health Sciences, Cincinnati, Ohio; Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions (Dr Sweeney), Provo, Utah; Department of Physical Therapy (Dr Van Sant), Temple University, Greensboro, North Carolina.

Purpose: To describe demographic factors, baseline characteristics, and physical therapy episodes in infants with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT), examine groups based on physical therapy completion, and identify implications for clinical practice.

Methods: Retrospective data were extracted from a single-site registry of 445 infants with CMT.

Results: Most infants were male (57%), Caucasian (63%), and firstborn (50%), with torticollis detected by 3 months old (89%) with a left (51%), mild (72%) CMT presentation. Read More

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Baseline Predictors of Response to Repetitive Task Practice in Chronic Stroke.

Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2022 May 26:15459683221095171. Epub 2022 May 26.

VA Maryland Health Care System, Baltimore VA Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Repetitive task practice reduces mean upper extremity motor impairment in of patients with chronic stroke, but response is highly variable. A method to predict meaningful reduction in impairment in response to training based on biomarkers and other data collected prior to an intervention is needed to establish realistic rehabilitation goals and to effectively allocate resources.

Objectives: To identify prognostic factors and better understand the biological substrate for reductions in arm impairment in response to repetitive task practice among patients with chronic (≥6 months) post-stroke hemiparesis. Read More

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Short term effect of spinal mobilization with movement (MWM) on pulmonary functions in nonsmokers with thoracic hyperkyphosis: a randomized single-blinded controlled trial.

J Man Manip Ther 2022 May 26:1-8. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Basic Science, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Objectives: To investigate the effect of mobilization with movement (MWM) on pulmonary functions in subjects with thoracic hyperkyphosis.

Methods: This randomized single-blinded controlled trial included a sample of 50 subjects (age 18 - 25 years old) with thoracic hyperkyphosis. Subjects were randomly allocated into two groups; the Real MWM group (n = 25) which received thoracic MWM plus standard postural correction exercises, and the Sham MWM group (n = 25) which received sham MWM plus standard postural correction exercises. Read More

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Provision of pulmonary rehabilitation in Latin America 18 months after the COVID-19 pandemic: A survey of the Latin American Thoracic Association.

Chron Respir Dis 2022 Jan-Dec;19:14799731221104102

International Physiotherapy Research Network (PhysioEvidence), Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: The Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has significantly altered the provision of rehabilitation services, especially pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). Our objective was to assess the provision of PR services in Latin America 18 months after the COVID-19 pandemic was declared.

Methods: A cross-sectional study that included professionals dedicated to PR in centres in Latin America was applied. Read More

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The effects of jump training on measures of physical performance, lower extremities injury incidence and burden in highly trained male soccer players.

Res Sports Med 2022 May 26:1-15. Epub 2022 May 26.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Isabel I, Burgos, Spain.

This study aimed to analyse the effects of a 16-week jump training program on the physical performance and lower extremities injury profile in semi-professional male soccer players. Participants were randomly assigned to the control group (CG; n = 13; age = 21.7 ± 3. Read More

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Putting the pieces together: A qualitative study exploring perspectives on self-management and exercise behavior among people living with multimorbidity, healthcare professionals, relatives, and patient advocates.

J Multimorb Comorb 2022 20;12:26335565221100172. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense M, Denmark.

Background Behavior change and exercise are considered critical for successful self-management in people with multimorbidity, however, little is known about people's needs, experiences, and preferences. Purpose The aim of this study was to qualitatively explore the perspectives of people living with multimorbidity, healthcare professionals, relatives, and patient advocates in relation to self-management and exercise behavior. Research design Analysis was carried out by means of a hybrid inductive-deductive approach using Framework Analysis that enabled the subsequent use of the COM-B model in relation to the study of exercise behavior specifically. Read More

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Heart-Focused Anxiety Affects Behavioral Cardiac Risk Factors and Quality of Life: A Follow-Up Study Using a Psycho-Cardiological Rehabilitation Concept.

Front Psychiatry 2022 9;13:836750. Epub 2022 May 9.

Psychosomatic Rehabilitation Research Group, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Center for Internal Medicine and Dermatology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Heart-focused anxiety (HFA) raises the risk for adverse outcomes in patients with heart disease. Despite this great importance, it is rarely assessed in clinical practice. Three dimensions are commonly defined in the context of HFA: heart-related fear, avoidance, and attention. Read More

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Feasibility Study on the Integration of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education and Occupational Therapy Training Mode for College Students Based on Big Data.

Yan Yang Juan Xie

Occup Ther Int 2022 9;2022:3911326. Epub 2022 May 9.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Hunan Institute of Technology, Hengyang, Hunan 421002, China.

With the development of information technology, the status of the traditional teaching method combining chalk and blackboard is declining. People need a novel teaching method to reform traditional education, so the hybrid teaching mode combining the advantages of both is produced and has become a major research hotspot in the field of education technology at present. Further accelerating the reform of innovation and entrepreneurship teaching in higher education institutions and improving students' innovation and entrepreneurial ability based on big data technology are the fundamental measures to do a good job in managing college students' entrepreneurship and employment. Read More

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The effects of custom-made foot orthoses on foot pain, foot function, gait function, and free-living walking activities in people with psoriatic arthritis (PsA): a pre-experimental trial.

Arthritis Res Ther 2022 May 25;24(1):124. Epub 2022 May 25.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada.

Introduction: Foot involvement is a significant concern in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) as it can lead to severe levels of foot pain and disability and reduced mobility and quality of life. Previous studies have shown moderate efficacy for custom-made foot orthoses (CFO) in reducing foot pain and disability in people with rheumatoid arthritis. However, evidence on the efficacy of CFO in people with PsA is lacking. Read More

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Problems undermining the health-related quality of life of people living with HIV in Spain: a qualitative study to inform the development of a novel clinic screening tool.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2022 May 25;20(1):84. Epub 2022 May 25.

Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), Hospital Clínic, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: In settings with high antiretroviral therapy coverage, numerous health-related issues continue to undermine the health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of people living with HIV (PLHIV). As part of a larger study to develop and validate a new patient-reported outcome measure for use in HIV clinical care in Spain, we sought to identify the most burdensome health-related issues experienced by PLHIV in order to determine which issues should be addressed in the new instrument.

Methods: We conducted a literature review and a qualitative study based on four focus group discussions (FGDs) with key informants in Spain. Read More

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A multimodality intervention to improve musculoskeletal health, function, metabolism, and well-being in spinal cord injury: study protocol for the FIT-SCI randomized controlled trial.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 May 25;23(1):493. Epub 2022 May 25.

Research Program in Men's Health: Aging and Metabolism, Boston Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center for Function Promoting Therapies, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: A spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating, life-changing event that has profoundly deleterious effects on an individual's health and well-being. Dysregulation of neuromuscular, cardiometabolic, and endocrine organ systems following an SCI contribute to excess morbidity, mortality and a poor quality of life. As no effective treatments currently exist for SCI, the development of novel strategies to improve the functional and health status of individuals living with SCI are much needed. Read More

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Usability, acceptability, and implementation strategies for the Exercise in Cancer Evaluation and Decision Support (EXCEEDS) algorithm: a Delphi study.

Support Care Cancer 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Occupational Therapy, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.

Introduction: Oncology guidelines recommend participation in cancer rehabilitation or exercise services (CR/ES) to optimize survivorship. Yet, connecting the right survivor, with the right CR/ES, at the right time remains a challenge. The Exercise in Cancer Evaluation and Decision Support (EXCEEDS) algorithm was developed to enhance CR/ES clinical decision-making and facilitate access to CR/ES. Read More

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Bio-Exercise (BioEx) - A biocreative orofacial myofunctional therapy: preliminary cephalometric study and clinical application.

Dental Press J Orthod 2022 23;27(2):e2220367. Epub 2022 May 23.

Kyung Hee University, Department of Orthodontics (Seul, South Korea).

Objective: To introduce newly structured and developed orofacial myofunctional therapy (OFMFT) protocols named Bio-Exercise (BioEx), and evaluate the treatment effect of this method, using lateral cephalometric analysis on malocclusion with low tongue posture in young patients.

Methods: A retrospective preliminary study was performed using orthodontic records from 28 patients (mean age of 8.41±1. Read More

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Contribution of Biological Age-Predictive Biomarkers to Nutrition Research: A Systematic Review of the Current Evidence and Implications for Future Research and Clinical Practice.

Adv Nutr 2022 May 24. Epub 2022 May 24.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

The global population is living longer, however not everyone ages at the same rate in regard to their physical and cognitive abilities and their vulnerability to certain diseases and death. This review aimed to synthesise the contribution of biological age-predictive biomarkers to nutrition research and highlight the implications for future research and clinical practice. MEDLINE, CINAHL and Cochrane CENTRAL were systematically searched on 30/9/2021 for randomised controlled trials and cross-sectional studies examining the association between nutrition and biological age in older adults reporting on genetic, clinical or molecular biomarkers of biological ageing. Read More

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Comparison between exercise therapy and non-hydrolyzed collagen (UC-II) in functionality and quality of life in women with knee osteoarthritis : A randomized controlled clinical trial.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2022 May 25. Epub 2022 May 25.

Federal University of Sergipe, UFS, Aracaju, Brazil.

Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by a progressive degeneration of cartilage and menisci, leading to pain and locomotor disability. Here, we aimed to assess the effect of an exercise protocol and the oral use of non-hydrolyzed collagen (UC-II) on the functionality and quality of life of women with knee OA.

Material And Methods: Individuals were divided into three groups (CG [control group]; MG [medication group]; EG [exercise group]). Read More

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Patient Values Associated with an Exergame Supporting COPD Treatment.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2022 May;294:730-734

eHealth Department, Roessingh Research and Development, The Netherlands.

Exercise games (exergames) can help COPD patients stay active and prevent exacerbation. When evaluating such exergames, patient values are an important variable to take into account. In this study, seven COPD patients used an exergame technology at the physiotherapist for six months. Read More

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Meaningful Activity Replacement Recommendations in Dementia.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2022 May;294:131-132

Technological University Dublin.

Exercise of meaningful activities is important for people living with dementia, both for quality of life and to maintain the necessary basic activities of daily living. A method is proposed for recommendation of replacements for lost meaningful activities that accounts for the need to maintain activities of daily living. Read More

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SS-31 does not prevent or reduce muscle atrophy 7 days after a 65 kdyne contusion spinal cord injury in young male mice.

Physiol Rep 2022 May;10(10):e15266

Research Service, Birmingham VA Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.

Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to major reductions in function, independent living, and quality of life. Disuse and paralysis from SCI leads to rapid muscle atrophy, with chronic muscle loss likely playing a role in the development of the secondary metabolic disorders often seen in those with SCI. Muscle disuse is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. Read More

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Effectiveness of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization for the management of upper body, lower body, and spinal conditions. An updated systematic review with meta-analyses.

Disabil Rehabil 2022 May 25:1-11. Epub 2022 May 25.

School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Western University, London, ON, Canada.

Purpose: To critically appraise randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilisation (IASTM) and quantify the effects of IASTM compared with other treatment individuals with or without pathologies on function, pain, and range of motion.

Materials And Methods: We search four electronic databases from January 1999 to January 2022 and included RCTs of healthy participants/athletes and people with upper, lower, or spinal conditions, who received IASTM versus other active treatment for clinical outcomes (function, pain, and range of motion).

Results: Forty-six RCTs were considered eligible for data analysis. Read More

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Development of a functional assessment task in metastatic breast cancer patients: the 30-second lie-to-sit test.

Disabil Rehabil 2022 May 24:1-8. Epub 2022 May 24.

Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga (IBIMA), Málaga, Spain.

Purpose: To develop a physical function test based on lie-to-sit transition and to study its feasibility in patients suffering from metastatic breast cancer (MBC).

Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited 90 women diagnosed with MBC. Patients were asked to transfer from lying to sitting position as fast as possible during 30 s, performing the 30-second lie-to-sit test (30-LTS). Read More

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Disease-specific Nutritional Physical Therapy: A Position Paper by the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Nutrition (Secondary Publication).

JMA J 2022 Apr 25;5(2):252-262. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Tokyo Women's Medical University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Nutritional disorders diminish the effectiveness of physical therapy. The pathogenesis of nutritional disorders, such as sarcopenia, frailty, and cachexia, differs from disease to disease. Disease-specific nutrition can maximize the function, activity, participation, and quality of life for patients undergoing physical therapy, a practice known as nutritional physical therapy. Read More

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Nutrition and Physical Therapy: A Position Paper by the Physical Therapist Section of the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Nutrition (Secondary Publication).

JMA J 2022 Apr 4;5(2):243-251. Epub 2022 Mar 4.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Tokyo Women's Medical University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Several patients undergoing physical therapy have nutritional problems. Knowledge of nutrition is necessary for addressing nutritional problems, such as malnutrition, sarcopenia, frailty, and cachexia. However, the relationship between physical therapy and nutrition is not fully understood. Read More

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Development and test-retest reliability of the Combat Sports Post Career Health Questionnaire (CSPCHQ).

Br J Nutr 2022 May 25:1-30. Epub 2022 May 25.

Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia.

The long-term impact of cycling on health status, eating habits, physical activity, and the lifestyle of former combat sports athletes is still insufficiently explored. Therefore, a novel questionnaire in English, Portuguese, Spanish and Croatian language was constructed. To determine the reliability and the content/face validity, a total of 110 participants filled the questionnaire on two occasions. Read More

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