115,529 results match your criteria Therapeutic Exercise


Use of Supervised Exercise During Recovery Following Sports-Related Concussion.

Clin J Sport Med 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Neurology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Objective: To assess the safety of supervised exercise (SE) in acute sport-related concussion (SRC) and its influence on recovery.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: University SRC clinic at a tertiary care center. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000721DOI Listing
February 2019

Effectiveness of Tai Ji Quan vs Multimodal and Stretching Exercise Interventions for Reducing Injurious Falls in Older Adults at High Risk of Falling: Follow-up Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Feb 1;2(2):e188280. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

School of Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China.

Importance: Exercise has been shown to reduce injurious falls in older adults. Evidence, however, is lacking regarding the types of intervention that are most effective in preventing injurious falls among older adults at high risk of falling.

Objective: To determine the longer-term effectiveness of therapeutic tai ji quan intervention vs multimodal exercise and stretching exercise in decreasing injurious falls among older adults at high risk of falling. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.8280DOI Listing
February 2019

Efficacy of Community-Based Exercise Therapy Among African American Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Feb 1;2(2):e187959. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Office of Research, School of Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Wichita.

Importance: African American individuals are 2 times more likely than non-Hispanic white individuals to have peripheral artery disease (PAD). Structured community-based exercise therapy improves walking distance among patients with PAD, but these patients require motivation to adhere to therapy.

Objective: To assess whether motivational interviewing (MI) is more efficacious than Patient-Centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise (PACE) or control to improve walking distance in African American patients with PAD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7959DOI Listing
February 2019

Carbohydrate Requirement for Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes: Effects of Insulin Concentration.

J Diabetes Sci Technol 2019 Feb 15:1932296819826962. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

2 Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

Physical activity is a keystone of a healthy lifestyle as well as of management of patients with type 1 diabetes. The risk of exercise-induced hypoglycemia, however, is a great challenge for these patients. The glycemic response to exercise depends upon several factors concerning the patient him/herself (eg, therapy, glycemic control, training level) and the characteristics of the exercise performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1932296819826962DOI Listing
February 2019

Role of physical exercise in the regulation of epigenetic mechanisms in inflammation, cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, and aging process.

J Cell Physiol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

The genetic heritage for decades has been considered to respond only to gene promoters or suppressors, with specific roles for oncogenes or tumor-suppressor genes. Epigenetics is progressively attracting increasing interest because it has demonstrated the capacity of these regulatory processes to regulate the gene expression without modifying gene sequence. Several factors may influence epigenetics, such as lifestyles including food selection. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.28304DOI Listing
February 2019

Prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy & surgical menopause for inherited risks of cancer: the need to identify biomarkers to assess the theoretical risk of premature coronary artery disease.

Womens Midlife Health 2018 27;4. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

1Department of Cardiac Sciences, Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, University of Calgary, Health Research Innovation Centre, GB42, 3280 Hospital Dr NW, Calgary, AB T2N 4Z6 Canada.

Background: Some women with genetic risk of breast and/or ovarian cancer (e.g., BRCA1/2) opt to undergo prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy (PSO, or surgical removal of the ovaries & fallopian tubes) in order to reduce their risk of cancer. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40695-018-0037-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6297996PMC

Exercise capacity and muscle fatiguability alterations following a progressive maximal exercise of lower extremities in children with cystic fibrosis.

Afr Health Sci 2018 Dec;18(4):1236-1242

Department of Physical Therapy and Health Rehabilitation, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Impairment of peripheral skeletal muscle function is a common phenomenon in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in addition to great clinical connotations, such as lack of exercise tolerance and decrease of health-related quality of life. There is very limited data on the effects of maximal exercise on muscle fatiguability and exercise capacity in children with cystic fibrosis.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of progressive maximal exercise training of the lower extremities on exercise capacity and muscle fatiguability in children with cystic fibrosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v18i4.45DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354874PMC
December 2018

Impact of weight reduction on insulin resistance, adhesive molecules and adipokines dysregulation among obese type 2 diabetic patients.

Afr Health Sci 2018 Dec;18(4):873-883

Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is usually related to vascular problems and is associated with impairment in endothelial function characterized by impaired endothelial-dependent vasodilation and increased platelet adhesion. There is limitation in clinical studies that have addressed the beneficial effects of weight reduction in modulating biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction and adipokines dysregulation for obesity associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Objective: This study was designed to detect the effects of weight loss on insulin resistance, adhesive molecules and adipokines dysregulation in obese type 2 diabetic patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v18i4.5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354881PMC
December 2018

Role of Exercise in the Management of Hepatic Encephalopathy: Experience From Animal and Human Studies.

J Clin Exp Hepatol 2019 Jan-Feb;9(1):131-136. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Département de nutrition, Faculté de médecine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada.

Sarcopenia and malnutrition are common features in patients with hepatic encephalopathy. Ammonia, a factor implicated in the pathophysiology of hepatic encephalopathy, may be cleared by the muscle via the enzyme glutamine synthetase when the liver function is impaired. Hence, optimizing muscle mass in patients suffering from hepatic encephalopathy is a potential strategy to decrease ammonia levels. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jceh.2018.07.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363958PMC

Back to basics with active lifestyles: exercise is more effective than metformin to reduce cardiovascular risk in older adults with type 2 diabetes.

Biol Sport 2018 Dec 31;35(4):363-372. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Universidade de Coimbra- Faculdade de Ciências do Desporto e Educação Física.

To establish the effect of three types of treatment - multicomponent exercise (MEX); the oral hypoglycaemic drug metformin (MET); combined therapy comprising exercise plus metformin (MEXMET) - on cardiovascular risk in older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and with comorbidities in an early stage of the disease (HbA1c < 7.5%). A sample of 284 participants was evaluated for multifactorial cardiovascular risk at baseline and at 24-month intervention according to anthropometric and hemodynamic components, lipid profile, glycaemia and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2018.78057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358532PMC
December 2018

Psychobiological factors of resilience and depression in late life.

Transl Psychiatry 2019 Feb 14;9(1):88. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

In contrast to traditional perspectives of resilience as a stable, trait-like characteristic, resilience is now recognized as a multidimentional, dynamic capacity influenced by life-long interactions between internal and environmental resources. We review psychosocial and neurobiological factors associated with resilience to late-life depression (LLD). Recent research has identified both psychosocial characteristics associated with elevated LLD risk (e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41398-019-0424-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Persistent exercise limitation after successful pulmonary endoarterectomy: frequency and determinants.

Respir Res 2019 Feb 14;20(1):34. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Division of Respiratory Diseases, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation, Viale Golgi 19, 27100, Pavia, Italy.

Background: After successful pulmonary endoarterectomy (PEA), patients may still suffer from exercise limitation, despite normal pulmonary vascular resistance. We sought to assess the proportion of these patients after the extension of PEA to frail patients, and the determinants of exercise limitation.

Methods: Out of 553 patients treated with PEA from 2008 to 2016 at our institution, a cohort of 261 patients was followed up at 12 months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12931-019-1002-5DOI Listing
February 2019

The effect of aerobic exercise on the number of migraine days, duration and pain intensity in migraine: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis.

J Headache Pain 2019 Feb 14;20(1):16. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

Background: In patients with frequent migraine, prophylactic treatments are used. Patients often request non-pharmacological alternatives. One treatment option can be aerobic exercise. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s10194-019-0961-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Maintenance of Gains, Morbidity, and Mortality at 1 Year Following Cardiac Rehabilitation in a Middle-Income Country: A Wait-List Control Crossover Trial.

J Am Heart Assoc 2019 Feb;8(4):e011228

2 Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation Program Toronto Rehabilitation Institute University Health Network University of Toronto Canada.

Background Despite the epidemic of cardiovascular diseases in middle-income countries, few trials are testing the benefits of cardiac rehabilitation ( CR ). This trial assessed (1) maintenance of functional capacity, risk factor control, knowledge, and heart-health behaviors and (2) mortality and morbidity at 6 months following CR in a middle-income country. Methods and Results Eligible Brazilian coronary patients were initially randomized (1:1:1 concealed) to 1 of 3 parallel arms (comprehensive CR [exercise plus education], exercise-only CR , or wait-list control). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.011228DOI Listing
February 2019

The Additive Effects of Creatine Supplementation and Exercise Training in an Aging Population: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

J Geriatr Phys Ther 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

School of Physical Therapy, University of the Incarnate Word, San Antonio, Texas.

Background And Purpose: The role of creatine supplementation in young athletes and bodybuilders is well established including ergogenic properties of muscular hypertrophy, strength, power, and endurance. Whether the benefits of creatine supplementation translate to an aging population with moderate training stimulus remains unclear especially in regard to gender, creatine dose, and duration. This systematic review assessed whether creatine supplementation combined with exercise results in additive improvements in indices of skeletal muscle, bone, and mental health over exercise alone in healthy older adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JPT.0000000000000222DOI Listing
February 2019

Patient-reported outcomes 1 to 5 years after ACL reconstruction: effect of combined injury, and associations with MRI-defined osteoarthritis features.

Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

La Trobe Sport & Exercise Medicine Research Centre, School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Australia.

Objective: Persistent symptoms and poor quality of life (QoL) are common following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). We aimed to determine the influence of a combined ACL injury (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acr.23854DOI Listing
February 2019

Modifiable Determinants of Exercise Use in a Diverse Ethnic Population with Osteoarthritis.

Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

University of Arizona Arthritis Center, Tucson, AZ.

Objectives: To determine the extent of ethnic differences in using exercise for therapy and Identify relevant modifiable determinants of exercise use among knee/hip osteoarthritis (OA) patients METHODS: Knee/hip OA study participants were identified. Surveys were administered to collect patient socio-demographics, clinical information, and beliefs and attitudes about providers and treatments. Final multivariable logistic regression models were created using a fully conditional method. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acr.23852DOI Listing
February 2019

Emphysema: looking beyond alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency.

Expert Rev Respir Med 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

b Department of Respiratory Medicine , Maastricht University Medical Center , Maastricht , The Netherlands.

Introduction: Distinct pathologies can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Emphysema is a COPD-phenotype characterized by destruction of lung parenchyma. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is a genetic cause of emphysema, whereas smoking is the most important risk factor of non-AATD emphysema. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17476348.2019.1580575DOI Listing
February 2019

A prospective clinical investigation of the effects of anti-TNF alpha therapy on exercise capacity in patients with ankylosing spondylitis

Turk J Med Sci 2019 Feb 11;49(1):27-32. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Background/aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate possible effects of anti-TNF alpha therapy on cardiorespiratory fitness and physical functional capacity of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).

Materials And Methods: Twenty-eight AS patients meeting the modified New York criteria with active disease state and an equivalent number of healthy individuals as the control were prospectively enrolled. Physical working capacity and aerobic exercise capacity of the participants were determined by using cardiopulmonary exercise tests, performed before and 4 months after initiation of anti-TNF alpha therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-1805-291DOI Listing
February 2019

[Chronobiological features of different regimens of testosterone gel therapy in men with androgen deficiency].

Urologiia 2018 Oct(4):88-95

Department of Urology, N.N. Burdenko Voronezh State Medical University, Voronezh, Russia.

Introduction: Androgens play a key role in the male development. All the physiological processes in the body, including the production of testosterone, have their chronobiological features. Aging is accompanied by a disruption in the regulation of chronobiological processes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2018

Heart Rate Acquisition and Threshold-Based Training Increases Oxygen Uptake at Metabolic Threshold in Triathletes: A Pilot Study.

Int J Exerc Sci 2019 1;12(2):144-154. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Medicine and Physiology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Exercise intensity is a critical component of the exercise prescription model. However, current research employing various non-specific exercise intensity protocols have reported wide variability in maximum oxygen uptake (VO) improvement after training, suggesting a present lack of consensus regarding optimal heart rate (f) training zones for maximal athletic performance. This study examined the relationship between percentage of time (%time) spent training between the metabolic (VOθ) and ventilatory thresholds (Vθ), and the resultant change in markers of aerobic performance. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2019

Low-intensity walking as mild medication for pressure control in prehypertensive and hypertensive subjects: how far shall we wander?

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Hirakata Ryoikuen, Osaka, 573-0122, Japan.

Successful prevention and treatment of hypertension depend on the appropriate combination of antihypertensive drug therapy and nondrug lifestyle modification. While most hypertension guidelines recommend moderate- to high-intensity exercise, we decided to explore a mild yet effective type of exercise to add to hypertension management, especially in populations with complications or frailty. After comparing the short-term cardiovascular effects of low-speed walking versus high-speed walking for 3 kilometers (km) (3 km/h versus 6 km/h) in young, healthy volunteers, we delivered low-speed walking (low-intensity walking, 2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41401-018-0202-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Within-Session Practice Effects in the Jebsen Hand Function Test (JHFT).

Am J Occup Ther 2018 Nov/Dec;72(6):7206345010p1-7206345010p5

Jill C. Stewart, PhD, PT, is Assistant Professor, Physical Therapy Program, Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

The Jebsen Hand Function Test (JHFT) is a standardized assessment that has been used as a clinical outcome measure. To appropriately interpret the effects of an intervention on hand function (as measured by the JHFT), the extent to which this instrument shows significant practice effects must be quantified. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the JHFT is susceptible to within-session practice effects. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2018.024745DOI Listing
February 2019

Expert's Choice: 2018's Most Exciting Research in the Field of Pediatric Exercise Science.

Pediatr Exerc Sci 2019 Feb 13:1-27. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

13 University of Leicester.

This commentary highlights 23 noteworthy publications from 2018, selected by leading scientists in pediatric exercise science. These publications have been deemed as significant or exciting in the field as they (a) reveal a new mechanism, (b) highlight a new measurement tool, (c) discuss a new concept or interpretation/application of an existing concept, or (d) describe a new therapeutic approach or clinical tool in youth. In some cases, findings in adults are highlighted, as they may have important implications in youth. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/pes.2019-0010DOI Listing
February 2019

Cold and Exercise: Therapeutic Tools to Activate Brown Adipose Tissue and Combat Obesity.

Biology (Basel) 2019 Feb 12;8(1). Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Dorothy M. Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.

The rise in obesity over the last several decades has reached pandemic proportions. Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a thermogenic organ that is involved in energy expenditure and represents an attractive target to combat both obesity and type 2 diabetes. Cold exposure and exercise training are two stimuli that have been investigated with respect to BAT activation, metabolism, and the contribution of BAT to metabolic health. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biology8010009DOI Listing
February 2019

Short-Term Effects of Manual Therapy in Patients After Surgical Fixation of Ankle and/or Hindfoot Fracture: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2019 Feb 13:1-32. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

Study Design: Multi-site double blind randomized clinical trial.

Background: Patients with surgical fixation of ankle and/or hindfoot fractures often experience decreased range of motion and loss of function following surgery and post-surgical immobilization, yet there is minimal evidence to guide care for these patients.

Objectives: To assess if manual therapy produces short-term improvements in range of motion, muscle stiffness, gait, and balance for patients undergoing operative fixation of an ankle and/or hindfoot fracture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2019.8864DOI Listing
February 2019

Potential Nervous System Sensitization in Patients With Persistent Lower Extremity Tendinopathies: 3 Case Reports.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2019 Feb 13:1-26. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

The George Washington University, Program in Physical Therapy, Washington, DC.

Study Design: Case report.

Background: Tendinopathy is a condition often associated with pain, functional and sport performance limitations. While targeted exercise prescriptions are often effective, many patients with tendinopathy develop persistent symptoms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2019.8600DOI Listing
February 2019

Gait and electromyographic alterations due to early onset of injury and eventual rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament in dogs: A pilot study.

Vet Surg 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Ranch Veterinarian, Lonetree Ranch, Lonetree, Wyoming.

Objective: Identify relevant electromyography (EMG), kinematic, and kinetic changes resulting from monopolar radiofrequency energy (MRFE)-induced cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) injury and eventual rupture in dogs.

Study Design: Experimental, repeated measures.

Animals: Five purpose-bred female dogs free of orthopedic and neurologic disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vsu.13178DOI Listing
February 2019

The use of PRP injections in the management of knee osteoarthritis.

Cell Tissue Res 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Centre for Biological Engineering, Wolfson School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, Epinal Way, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease involving joint damage, an inadequate healing response and progressive deterioration of the joint architecture that commonly affects the knee and/or hip joints. It is a major world public health problem and is predicted to increase rapidly with an ageing population and escalating rate of obesity. Autologous blood-derived products possess much promise in the repair and regeneration of tissue and have important roles in inflammation, angiogenesis, cell migration and metabolism in pathological conditions, including OA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00441-019-02996-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Can Brief, Daily Training Using a Mobile App Help Change Maladaptive Beliefs? Crossover Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2019 Feb 13;7(2):e11443. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Baruch Ivcher School of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya, Herzliya, Israel.

Background: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disabling condition with a wide variety of clinical presentations including contamination fears, fear of harm, and relationship-related obsessions. Cognitive behavioral models of OCD suggest that OC symptoms result from catastrophic misinterpretations of commonly occurring intrusive experiences and associated dysfunctional strategies used to manage them. OCD-related maladaptive beliefs including inflated responsibility, importance and control of thoughts, perfectionism, and intolerance for uncertainty increase the likelihood of such misinterpretations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11443DOI Listing
February 2019

Smartphone Application Versus Pedometer to Promote Physical Activity in Prostate Cancer Patients.

Telemed J E Health 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

1 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Recently, the application of smartphone in medical field has received great attention.

Introduction: The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of smartphone-based and conventional pedometer-based exercise monitoring systems in promoting home exercise among prostate cancer patients.

Methods: Prostate cancer patients who have undergone surgery or androgen deprivation therapy were recruited. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/tmj.2018.0233DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of therapeutic exercise on sea sand on pain, fatigue, and balance in patients with chronic ankle instability: a feasibility study.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Physical Therapy, Gachon University, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Background: Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a common disease following ankle sprain and appears balance and gait problems, pain, and fatigue. This study aimed to examine the effect of therapeutic exercise performed on sea sand on pain, fatigue, and balance ability in patients with CAI.

Methods: This study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.19.09405-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Regulation of autophagy as a therapy for immunosenescence-driven cancer and neurodegenerative diseases: The role of exercise.

J Cell Physiol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Aging is one of the risk factors for the development of low-grade inflammation morbidities, such as several types of cancer and neurodegenerative diseases, due to changes in the metabolism, hormonal secretion, and immunosenescence. The senescence of the immune system leads to improper control of infections and tissue damage increasing age-related diseases. One of the mechanisms that maintain cellular homeostasis is autophagy, a cell-survival mechanism, and it has been proposed as one of the most powerful antiaging therapies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.28318DOI Listing
February 2019

Multi-sensory training and wrist fractures: a randomized, controlled trial.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Background: Asymmetric vestibular function, decreased plantar sensation, postural control and functional ability have been associated with fall-related wrist fractures.

Objective: To investigate whether multi-sensory training (MST) improves postural control, vestibular function, foot sensation and functional ability among people with fall-related wrist fractures compared to wrist stabilization training (WT).

Methods: This was an assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40520-019-01143-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Patients with Chronic Lung Impairment from Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Cureus 2018 Nov 30;10(11):e3664. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Internal Medicine, Montefiore New Rochelle Hospital, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New Rochelle, USA.

Setting Our study was conducted at a tertiary care center for respiratory illnesses (Viswanathan Chest Hospital, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute (VPCI), University of Delhi, Delhi, India). Patients were enrolled in the study from the outpatient clinic. Objective To assess the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with chronic lung impairment from previously treated tuberculosis (CLIPTB), on exercise capacity (six-minute walk distance), pulmonary function tests, quality of life and markers of systemic inflammation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3664DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364956PMC
November 2018

Effects of Laser Acupuncture on Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness of the Biceps Brachii Muscle: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2019 13;2019:6568976. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

Department of Physical Therapy, China Medical University. No. 91, Hsueh-Shih Road, Taichung City 404, Taiwan.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of laser acupuncture on improvement of recovery and muscle performance in delayed muscle soreness (DOMS) when applied before exercise.

Methods: This randomized, blinded, and controlled study included healthy participants (n = 40) who were randomized into laser acupuncture and placebo groups. Laser acupuncture was applied to the Tianquan (PC2) and Chihtseh acupoints (LU5) at a dose of 36 J and energy density of 9. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6568976DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348906PMC
January 2019

Study on Serum Total Cholesterol, Fasting Serum Glucose, Serum Glucose 2 Hours after Meal in Type 2 Diabetic Patients.

Mymensingh Med J 2019 Jan;28(1):49-53

Dr Jaber Ahmed Chowdhury, M Phil (Physiology) Thesis Part, Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh; E-mail:

The present cross-sectional analytical study was carried out in the department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, from January 2016 to December 2016 to observe serum total cholesterol in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. For this purpose, a total number of 200 subjects of both sexes with age ranged from 30-60 years were selected of whom 100 were type 2 diabetic person and 100 were apparently healthy. Serum total cholesterol was significantly higher (p<0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2019

Management of hypertension in diabetes mellitus.

Authors:
Ali S Alzahrani

Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab 2007 May;2(3):341-357

a Consultant Endocrinologist, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Department of Medicine, MBC-46, PO Box 3354, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia.

Overall, approximately 40% of diabetic patients have hypertension at the time of diagnosis of diabetes and a similar percentage may develop hypertension during their follow-up. Factors contributing to this high prevalance of hypertension in diabetes include obesity, old age, insulin resistance, increased extracelluar volume, diabetic nephropathy and increased arterial stiffness. Well-conducted clinical trials that have been completed in the last decade demonstrated a major impact of hypertension on the micro- and macrovascular complications of diabetes and remarkable benefits of its control. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1586/17446651.2.3.341DOI Listing

Does treatment duration of manual therapy influence functional outcomes for individuals with chronic ankle instability: A systematic review with meta-analysis?

Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2019 Feb 7;40:87-95. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Research Institute for Sport and Exercise, University of Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia. Electronic address:

Question: Can manual therapy improve functional outcomes for individuals with chronic ankle instability?

Design: Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Participants: Individuals with chronic ankle instability.

Intervention: Manual therapy is defined as an intervention that involves joint mobilization, and mobilization with movement. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msksp.2019.01.015DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Value of combined cardiopulmonary and echocardiography stress test to characterize the haemodynamic and metabolic responses of patients with heart failure and mid-range ejection fraction.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Department, University of Pisa, Via Paradisa, 2, Pisa, Italy.

Aims: To characterize heart failure (HF) with mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF), combining cardiopulmonary exercise test, and exercise stress echocardiography.

Methods And Results: We studied 169 consecutive subjects (age 62.3 ± 11 years; 74% male): 30 healthy controls, 45 patients with HF and preserved EF (HFpEF), 40 HFmrEF, and 54 with HF and reduced EF (HFrEF). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jez014DOI Listing
February 2019

Inflammatory features of obesity and smoke exposure and the immunologic effects of exercise.

Exerc Immunol Rev 2019 ;25:96-111

Department of Exercise and Health, Institute of Sports Science, Leibniz University of Hannover, Hannover, Germany.

Many lifestyle-related diseases, such as obesity and cigarette smoke-induced pulmonary diseases, are associated with chronic systemic inflammation, which has been shown to contribute to the disease initiation and progression, and also for co-morbidities of these diseases. While the source of inflammation in obese subjects is suggested to be mainly the visceral adipose tissue, smoke-induced inflammation originates in the pulmonary system. Here, chronic cigarette smoking induces oxidative stress, resulting in severe cellular damage. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
January 2019

Effects of a Twelve-Week Tai Chi intervention in Patients With Chronic Ankle Instability: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Sport Rehabil 2019 Feb 12:1-22. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

1 Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, E-23071 Jaén, Spain.

Context:: Tai Chi is a physical activity modality which is widely practiced over the world. The effectiveness of Tai Chi on postural control and balance, has been described in older population but until recently there is no studies which includes patients with Chronic Ankle Instability (CAI).

Objectives:: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 12 weeks of Tai Chi intervention on dynamic balance and self-reported instability in patients with CAI. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2018-0222DOI Listing
February 2019

Emerging Roles of Sympathetic Nerves and Inflammation in Perivascular Adipose Tissue.

Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Division of Cardiovascular Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Core Technology Facility (3rd floor), 46 Grafton Street, M13 9NT, Manchester, UK.

Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) is no longer recognised as simply a structural support for the vasculature, and we now know that PVAT releases vasoactive factors which modulate vascular function. Since the discovery of this function in 1991, PVAT research is rapidly growing and the importance of PVAT function in disease is becoming increasingly clear. Obesity is associated with a plethora of vascular conditions; therefore, the study of adipocytes and their effects on the vasculature is vital. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10557-019-06862-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Neuromuscular efficiency in fibromyalgia is improved by hyperbaric oxygen therapy: looking inside muscles by means of surface electromyography.

Clin Exp Rheumatol 2019 Jan-Feb;37 Suppl 116(1):75-80. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

NeuroMuscularFunction/Research Group, School of Exercise & Sport Sciences, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Italy.

Objectives: Neuromuscular efficiency (NME) is impaired in fibromyalgia (FM). Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is a medical treatment using 100% of oxygen through an oxygen mask. HBOT in FM induces changes in cortical excitability and a secondary reduction in pain and muscle fatigue. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2019
1 Read

NON-OPERATIVE MANAGEMENT OF INDIVIDUALS WITH NON-ARTHRITIC HIP PAIN: A LITERATURE REVIEW.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2019 Feb;14(1):135-147

Rangos School of Health Sciences, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Background: Non-arthritic hip pain is defined as being related to pathologies of the intra-articular structures of the hip that can be symptomatic. A trial of non-operative management is commonly recommended before consideration of surgery for individuals with non-arthritic hip conditions. There is a need to describe a non-operative or conservative treatment plan for individuals with non-arthritic hip pain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350663PMC
February 2019

IMPLEMENTING A STANDARDIZED INTERVENTIONAL EXERCISE REGIMEN TO IMPROVE FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENTS IN FEMALE COLLEGIATE ATHLETES.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2019 Feb;14(1):117-126

Sports Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Background: Interventional exercises have been developed to help athletes improve scores on the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™). However, there is a paucity of research on the effects of a similar program in female athletes, as well as the effects of a standardized corrective exercise regimen. The purpose of this study was to assess whether an in-season, standardized interventional exercise program improves FMS™ score asymmetry and the composite score of female collegiate athletes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350664PMC
February 2019

NEUROMUSCULAR ADAPTIONS FOLLOWING A DAILY STRENGTHENING EXERCISE IN INDIVIDUALS WITH ROTATOR CUFF RELATED SHOULDER PAIN: A PILOT CASE-CONTROL STUDY.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2019 Feb;14(1):74-87

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

Background: The goal of therapeutic exercise is to facilitate a neuromuscular response by increasing or decreasing muscular activity in order to reduce pain and improve function. It is not clear what dosage of exercise will create a neuromuscular response.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects following a three-week home program of a daily single exercise, the prone horizontal abduction exercise (PHA), on neuromuscular impairments of motor control as measured by scapular muscle EMG amplitudes, strength, and secondarily outcomes of self-reported pain and function between individuals with and without subacromial pain syndrome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350670PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation improves exercise capacity in adult patients with chronic lung disease: a meta-analysis of English studies.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Dec;10(12):6722-6732

Department of Respiratory Disease, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.

Background: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been suggested as an alternative rehabilitative therapy to enhance exercise performance and skeletal muscle function in adult patients with chronic lung disease. However, the results of individual studies have been inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of NMES with regard to increasing exercise capacity, quadriceps strength, muscle mass, cross-sectional area, and quality of life and decreasing dyspnea in adult patients with chronic lung disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.11.133DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344727PMC
December 2018

Twelve weeks of supervised exercise improves self-reported symptom burden and fatigue in chronic kidney disease: a secondary analysis of the 'ExTra CKD' trial.

Clin Kidney J 2019 Feb 13;12(1):113-121. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients experience a high symptom burden including fatigue, sleep difficulties, muscle weakness and pain. These symptoms reduce levels of physical function (PF) and activity, and contribute to poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Despite the gathering evidence of positive physiological changes following exercise in CKD, there is limited evidence on its effect on self-reported symptom burden, fatigue, HRQoL and physical activity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ckj/sfy071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366144PMC
February 2019

Sarcopenia in CKD: a roadmap from basic pathogenetic mechanisms to clinical trials.

Clin Kidney J 2019 Feb 5;12(1):110-112. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

IIS-Fundacion Jimenez Diaz, School of Medicine, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid; Fundacion Renal Iñigo Alvarez de Toledo-IRSIN and REDINREN, Madrid, Spain.

Sarcopenia and frailty are recognized as key risk factors for adverse outcomes in patients on renal replacement therapy or with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there is still debate about their pathogenesis and, thus, about the best therapeutic approaches, as well as the impact on outcomes of current approaches based on different exercise programmes. In the past two issues of , several manuscripts address the issue of sarcopenia in CKD from the point of view of pathogenesis and new therapeutic approaches, monitoring of results, implementation of exercise programmes and specific potential benefits of exercise programmes in dialysis and non-dialysis CKD patients, as assessed by clinical trials. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ckj/sfz001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366131PMC
February 2019