8,893 results match your criteria The Canadian veterinary journal. La revue veterinaire canadienne[Journal]


Too much of a good thing.

Authors:
Myrna Milani

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):203-204

Dr. Milani is a behavior and bond practitioner, teacher, and author of several books on the interaction of animal behavior, health, and the human-animal relationship.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340249PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Equine sinonasal anaplastic sarcoma infected with multi-drug resistant .

Authors:
Alexandra Warren

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):199-202

Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4.

A 5-year-old Hanoverian horse was presented for a palpable and visible mass over the frontal and maxillary sinuses. Following endoscopy and radiography surgical excision was attempted. The horse was euthanized during surgery and samples of the mass were identified as malignant anaplastic sarcoma, a seldom reported sinonasal tumor in equids. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340251PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

Congenital hydrocephalus in a Belgian draft horse associated with a nonsense mutation in B3GALNT2.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):197-198

Lodi Veterinary Care, 705 North Main Street, Lodi, Wisconsin 53555, USA (Kolb); University of Calgary, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 3280 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4Z6 (Klein).

Congenital hydrocephalus has been reported for a number of horse breeds, and for Friesian horses this condition has been associated with a nonsense mutation of B3GALNT2. We report the first case of congenital hydrocephalus associated with the said mutation in a Belgian draft horse. Genetic testing and consideration of the testing results in breeding programs are warranted. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340252PMC
February 2019

Plasma transfusions in horses with typhlocolitis/colitis.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):193-196

Departments of Clinical Studies (Arroyo) and Population Medicine (Sears), Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1; Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA (Gomez).

The outcome of treatment of horses with plasma for typhlocolitis/colitis at the Ontario Veterinary College-Health Sciences Centre was evaluated. Horses with typhlocolitis/colitis that received a plasma transfusion had higher odds of dying than did non-transfused horses. The clinical usefulness of transfusing plasma to hospitalized hypoproteinemic horses is questioned. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340250PMC
February 2019

Bilateral phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation in a young African lion .

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):186-192

Policlinico Veterinario Roma sud, Ophthalmology, Via Pilade Mazza 24, Rome, Lazio 00173 Italy (Viñas, D'Anna); CVS-Centro Veterinario Specialistico, Ophthalmology, Rome, Lazio Italy (Guandalini); Naples, Italy (Capasso, Guerriero); Clinica Veterinaria Villa Felice, Anesthesiology, Naples, Italy (Nocerino); Long Island Veterinary Specialist, Ophthalmology, Plainview, New York, USA (Sapienza).

An 18-month-old intact female lioness was referred to the Clinica Veterinaria Roma Sud for evaluation of bilateral cataracts. Phacoemulsification and implantation of +30 diopter intraocular lens (IOL) were performed bilaterally. Seven years after surgery, the IOL remained centrally positioned and the patient had normal activity. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340255PMC
February 2019

Feline infectious peritonitis in a cat presented because of papular skin lesions.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):183-185

Department of Veterinary Pathology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4.

A 19-week-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was examined because of multiple raised pruritic skin lesions along the dorsal head and back. Histopathology of biopsies of the lesions detected nodular pyogranulomatous dermatitis with vasculitis and necrosis, leading to a suspicion of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). Postmortem examination revealed gross lesions consistent with FIP. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340254PMC
February 2019

Use of slide scrape lysates for polymerase chain reaction confirmation of disseminated infection in a cat.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):179-182

Department of Veterinary Pathology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Burgess, Lockerbie) and TM'z Veterinary Clinic PC Ltd., PO Box 1173, Lumsden, Saskatchewan S0G 3C0 (Marshall).

Disseminated mycobacteriosis in a 3-year-old domestic medium-haired cat was diagnosed on lymph node cytology. Slide scrape lysates from the cytology submission were used to confirm by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing and proved a simple technique that could be a valuable tool in veterinary diagnostics and research. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340257PMC
February 2019

Transient distal renal tubular acidosis in a dog with gastric-dilatation-volvulus.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):174-178

Departament de Medicina i Cirurgia Animal, Facultat de Veterinària de la UAB, Campus UAB Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès), Barcelona 08193, Spain.

A case of distal renal tubular acidosis occurring as a transient complication in a 13-year-old female greyhound dog with gastric-dilatation-volvulus was diagnosed. The acute renal ischemia and inflammatory condition associated with this syndrome could be considered the main underlying mechanisms responsible for the acute, severe, and complicating renal tubular dysfunction. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340260PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of risk factors for mortality in dogs with lung lobe torsion: A retrospective study of 66 dogs (2000-2015).

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):167-173

Departments of Clinical Studies (Wainberg, Brisson, Reabel) and Population Medicine (Sears), Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1; Department of Clinical Sciences (Hay, Shmon), Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5A2; Department of Clinical Sciences (Hayes), College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA (Murphy).

The objectives of this retrospective case series study were to describe a group of 66 dogs with lung lobe torsion (LLT) and to investigate the incidence of complications and risk factors for mortality and overall outcome in this population. Sixty-six dogs with LLT from 3 independent academic institutions were investigated. Information on signalment, history, clinical findings, and interventions was obtained. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340258PMC
February 2019

Comparison of carbon dioxide laser bipolar vessel device for staphylectomy for the treatment of brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):160-166

Animal Medical Center, New York, New York, USA (Kirsch, Spector, Kalafut, McDougall); Purdue University College of Veterinary Medicine, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA (Moore).

Carbon dioxide (CO) laser and bipolar vessel sealing device (BSD) are industry standards for soft palate resection. No studies exist to directly compare these 2 techniques in a clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare clinical outcomes for dogs that underwent CO laser BSD staphylectomy. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340259PMC
February 2019

Distribution and abundance of species in commercial turkey flocks across Canada.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):153-159

Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1.

Diversity and regional abundance of species infecting Canadian commercial turkey flocks are largely unknown. To address this paucity of data regarding coccidiosis and its distribution in Canada, fecal samples from turkey flocks (N = 39) representing 27 commercial farms [ON ( = 20), SK ( = 2), BC ( = 3), AB ( = 1), NS ( = 1)] were screened for coccidia. Identification of all species present in each sample was accomplished using a nested-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340256PMC
February 2019

What is the evidence that bovine coronavirus is a biologically significant respiratory pathogen in cattle?

Authors:
John Ellis

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):147-152

Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4.

Coronaviruses, including bovine coronavirus (BCoV), are etiologically associated with enteric and respiratory disease across a wide range of mammalian and avian species. The role of BCoV in calfhood diarrhea is well-established, but its role in the bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) has been controversial. This review re-examines the evidence that BCoV is a significant pathogen in the BRDC. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340311PMC
February 2019

The Pan-Canadian Approach to Wildlife Health.

Authors:
Craig Stephen

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):145-146

Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340262PMC
February 2019

Veterinary Medical Ethics.

Authors:
Bernard E Rollin

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):123-125

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340310PMC
February 2019

Veterinary telemedicine.

Authors:
Carlton Gyles

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):119-122

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340261PMC
February 2019

Canine otitis externa - Treatment and complications.

Authors:
Jangi Bajwa

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):97-99

Dr. Bajwa is a Board-certified Veterinary Dermatologist, Veterinary Dermatology & Ear Referral Medical Clinic, Vancouver, British Columbia.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294027PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Diagnostic Ophthalmology.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):95-96

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294028PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The true cost of credit: Student debt and repayment.

Authors:
Chris Doherty

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):92-94

Dr. Doherty is a graduate of the Ontario Veterinary College and he works as an economic analyst for the Ontario Veterinary Medical Association.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294017PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Hypoplastic right ventricle in a dog.

Authors:
Alaina Macdonald

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):89-91

Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1.

A 7-week-old male crossbred puppy was presented in acute respiratory distress. A diagnosis of left- and right-sided heart failure was confirmed on postmortem examination. The heart had a severely hypoplastic right ventricle. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294080PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

A review of Horner's syndrome in small animals.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):81-88

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4.

Horner's syndrome arises from dysfunction of the oculosympathetic pathway and is characterized by miosis, enophthalmos, protrusion of the third eyelid, and ptosis. It has been recognized in a wide variety of breeds and ages in small animal patients. The oculosympathetic pathway is a 3-neuron pathway. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294019PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Current trends in the management of canine traumatic brain injury: An Internet-based survey.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):73-79

Cape Cod Veterinary Specialists, 11 Bourne Bridge Approach Street, Bourne, Massachusetts, USA.

This study characterized trends in management of canine traumatic brain injury (TBI) among 182 small animal veterinarians grouped as follows: Board-certified specialists at a veterinary teaching hospital (BCS-VTH), Board-certified specialists in private practice (BCS-PP), non-specialists at a teaching hospital (DVM-VTH), and non-specialists in private practice (DVM-PP). The BCS-VTH, BSC-PP, and DVM-VTH groups were more comfortable using the modified Glasgow Coma Scale (MGCS) than the DVM-PP group ( < 0.001, < 0. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294016PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Effects of a surgical checklist on decreasing incisional infections following foreign body removal from the gastrointestinal tract in dogs.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):67-72

Red Bank Veterinary Hospital, 197 Tinton Falls, New Jersey 07724, USA (Launcelott, Lustgarten, S. Davis, G. Davis); Long Island Veterinary Specialists, 163 South Service Road, Plainview, New York 11803, USA (Sung); Virginia Veterinary Surgical Associates, 5918 West Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23230, USA (Samuels).

Two similar populations of dogs were evaluated in either a retrospective or prospective manner for 2 weeks after gastrointestinal foreign body surgery to determine the impact of a surgical checklist on the surgical site infection (SSI) rate. The medical records of 201 gastrointestinal foreign body surgeries were reviewed to determine the SSI rate without the use of a surgical checklist (SC-) and 101 consecutive gastrointestinal foreign body surgeries were performed using a surgical checklist (SC+). The SSI rate had a significant decrease from 19. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294029PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Lung lobe torsion in 35 dogs and 4 cats.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):60-66

Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, 55 Willard Street, North Grafton, Massachusetts 01536, USA.

The purpose of this study was to assess survival to discharge of animals with surgical or postmortem confirmation of a lung lobe torsion (LLT) as well as to evaluate pre-operative effusion, lung lobe affected, and patient size as prognostic indicators. Medical records search identified 35 dogs and 4 cats with a confirmed diagnosis including 17 small-breed dogs, 18 large-breed dogs, 3 domestic shorthair cats, and 1 minskin cat. Lobes affected included right middle ( = 18), left cranial ( = 18), right cranial ( = 2), left caudal ( = 1), and accessory ( = 1). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294018PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The effect of intramuscular dexmedetomidine-butorphanol combination on tear production in dogs.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):55-59

Department of Veterinary Science, University of Parma, via del Taglio 10, 43126 Parma, Italy (Leonardi, Stagnoli, Zubin, Boschi, Sabbioni, Simonazzi); Department of Veterinary Sciences, Polo Universitario dell'Annunziata, 98168, University of Messina, Italy (Costa).

This study assessed the effects of a combination of dexmedetomidine and butorphanol on the Schirmer tear test I (STT I) values in dogs. Ninety-eight dogs were sedated with an intramuscular injection of a combination of dexmedetomidine, 5 μg/kg body weight (BW), and butorphanol, 0.2 mg/kg BW. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294015PMC
January 2019
1 Read
0.516 Impact Factor

Perceptions of community cats and preferences for their management in Guelph, Ontario. Part II: A qualitative analysis.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):48-54

Department of Clinical Sciences (Bateman), Department of Population Medicine (Coe, Berke), Ontario Veterinary College, Department of Geography (Van Patter), University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1; University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science Ringgold standard institution - Appalachian Laboratory, 301 Braddock Road, Cambridge, Maryland 21613, USA (Flockhart); City of Guelph - Intergovernmental Relations, Policy & Open Government, Guelph, Ontario (Goller); Queen's University - Geography & Planning, Kingston, Ontario (Hovorka).

Implementation of cat population management strategies that are effective and supported by the community requires knowledge of local contexts, public values, and preferences. From 2014 to 2015 the Guelph Cat Population Taskforce surveyed Guelph, Ontario residents to investigate attitudes and values concerning community cats and preferences for cat population management. Responses from 449 individuals were received through a combination of paper and online surveys. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294020PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Perceptions of community cats and preferences for their management in Guelph, Ontario. Part I: A quantitative analysis.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):41-47

Department of Clinical Sciences (Bateman), Department of Population Medicine (Coe, Berke), Ontario Veterinary College, Department of Geography (Van Patter), University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1; University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science Ringgold standard institution - Appalachian Laboratory, 301 Braddock Road, Cambridge, Maryland 21613, USA (Flockhart); City of Guelph - Intergovernmental Relations, Policy & Open Government, Guelph, Ontario (Goller); Queen's University - Geography & Planning, Kingston, Ontario (Hovorka).

In 2014, 116 Guelph residents were surveyed to investigate attitudes about community cats and preferences for population management. There are an estimated 29 579 owned cats in Guelph, an estimated 40% of residents allow outdoor access to their cat(s), and 8054 households (15%) feed community cats. Participants reported more concern with community cat welfare than nuisance behavior. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294023PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Clinical and immunophenotypic findings in 4 forms of equine lymphoma.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):33-40

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Perugia, via S. Costanzo 4, 06126 Perugia, Italy.

The clinical, histological, and immunophenotypic findings are presented for 4 horses affected by different types of lymphoma. Diagnoses of a monomorphic epitheliotropic intestinal T-cell lymphoma, a diffuse splenic large B-cell lymphoma, a peripheral T-cell lymphoma, and a T-cell rich large B-cell lymphoma of the third eyelid were made. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294024PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Retained laser fiber in the nidus of a recurrent cystine urolith in an intact male English bulldog.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):29-32

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculté de médecine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec J2S 2M2.

A lithotripsy and percutaneous cystolithotomy (PCCL) were performed on a 5-year-old intact male English bulldog. The composition of the uroliths was 100% cystine. When a second PCCL was performed 2 months later, the nidus of the largest urolith was a segment of an optical fiber broken off during laser lithotripsy. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294038PMC
January 2019
1 Read

A tick of considerable veterinary importance, now established in North America.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):27-28

Canadian Food Inspection Agency, National Centres for Animal Disease, Township Road 9-1, Lethbridge, Alberta T1J 3Z4 (Hutcheson); Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lethbridge Research and Development Centre, 5403 - 1st Avenue South, P.O. Box 3000, Lethbridge, Alberta T1J 4B1 (Dergousoff ); Public Health Agency of Canada, National Microbiology Laboratory, 1015 Arlington Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 3R2 (Lindsay).

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294036PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Veterinary Medical Ethics.

Authors:
Bernard E Rollin

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):13-16

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294026PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Canada's role in global veterinary medicine.

Authors:
Terri Chotowetz

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):7-12

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294021PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Multigenerational animal-related communication.

Authors:
Myrna Milani

Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1339-1340

Dr. Milani is a behavior and bond practitioner, teacher, and author of several books on the interaction of animal behavior, health, and the human-animal relationship.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237261PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Canada: First report of a bovine pathogen, in the respiratory tract of swine in Canada.

Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1333-1337

Swine and poultry infectious diseases research center (CRIPA) (Burgher, Koszegi, Provost, Gagnon), Molecular diagnostic laboratory (MDL), Service de diagnostic (Grenier St-Saveur, Lafond-Lambert, Provost, Gagnon), Faculté de médecine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, 3200 rue Sicotte, Saint-Hyacinthe, Québec J2S 2M2; Laboratoire de santé animale, Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation du Québec (MAPAQ), 2650 rue Einstein, Ville de Québec, Québec G1P 4S8 (Fournier).

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237260PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Successful medical management and rehabilitation of exercise-induced dorsal scapular luxation in an ultramarathon endurance sled dog with magnetic resonance imaging diagnosis of grade II serratus ventralis strain.

Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1329-1332

Department of Clinical Sciences, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, Ithaca, New York, USA (Frye); Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA (Hansen); Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Diagnostic Imaging, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA (Gendron); Friendship Surgical Specialists of the Friendship Hospital for Animals, Washington, DC, USA (von Pfeil).

Dorsal displacement of the scapula in dogs is rare and often traumatic. This report describes dorsal luxation of the scapula in a sled dog. This case is unique given the injury was sport-related. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237258PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Neurologic infection in a young dog.

Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1325-1328

Animal Health Laboratory (Hazlett, Cai, You), University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1; Toronto Animal Services (Sparling), 1300 Sheppard Avenue West, Toronto, Ontario M3K 2A6.

A 14-week-old female Boston terrier-cross dog with intermittent gastroenteritis and an eosinophilia developed progressive neurologic disease with ataxia progressing to uncontrolled paddling. Autopsy revealed larvae in 4 of 7 brain sections, with severe eosinophilic meningoencephalitis. Diagnosis was confirmed with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing tests of fresh and paraffin-embedded brain in conjunction with the compatible histologic appearance. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237265PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Secondary inappropriate polycythemia with splenic hemangiosarcoma in a young adult cat.

Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1320-1324

Chungnam National University - Veterinary Internal Medicine, 99 Daehakro, gung dong Yu-seong gu, Deajeon 305-764, Republic of Korea (Seo, Hong, An); IDEXX Laboratories Ringgold standard institution, Westbrook, Maine, USA (Lee); University of California Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, Ringgold standard institution, 2112 Tupper Hall, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, USA (Rebhun).

A 20-month-old castrated male Korean shorthair cat was presented with a 3-week history of intermittent vomiting and anorexia, absolute erythrocytosis, and elevated erythropoietin levels. A diagnosis of splenic hemangiosarcoma was made by histopathology and immunohistochemical identification of factor VIII. Paraneoplastic erythrocytosis caused by a splenic hemangiosarcoma in a cat is described. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237254PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Comparative efficacy of modified-live and inactivated vaccines in boosting responses to bovine respiratory syncytial virus following neonatal mucosal priming of beef calves.

Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1311-1319

Departments of Veterinary Microbiology (Ellis, Lacoste) and Large Animal Clinical Sciences (Gow, Berenik, Erickson), Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4.

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) is the leading cause of viral pneumonia in calves, making young passively immune calves candidates for vaccination, and raising issues concerning boosting of neonatally primed responses. To address this, 18, 2-month-old Angus-cross passively immune beef heifer calves that had been primed at birth with a combination viral intranasal vaccine were administered either a parenteral combination vaccine containing modified-live (MLV) BRSV or a similar vaccine containing inactivated BRSV. At 6 months of age, these calves and 2 controls that received only the MLV at 2 months of age were challenged with BRSV aerosol. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237255PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Canine calcium oxalate urolithiasis: Frequency of Whewellite and Weddellite stones from 1979 to 2015.

Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1305-1310

Urinary Stone Analysis Centre Bonn, Bonn, Germany (Hesse, Orzekowsky); Department of Urology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany (Frick); Unit for Biomathematics and Data Processing, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany (Failing); Small animal clinic Hofheim, Hofheim, Germany (Neiger).

This study reports on a retrospective evaluation of epidemiological data from calcium oxalate stones in dogs differentiated into calcium oxalate monohydrate (Whewellite, Wh) and calcium oxalate dihydrate (Weddellite, Wd). Of the 22 456 uroliths submitted from 1979 to 2015, 6690 (29.8%) were composed of > 70% calcium oxalate. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237259PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

A comparison of fixation methods for supracondylar and distal humeral shaft fractures of the dog and cat.

Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1299-1304

School of Veterinary Studies, University of Bristol, Langford House, Langford, Bristol, UK (Longley, Langley-Hobbs); Veterinary Specialist Group, 97 Carrington Road, Mount Albert 1003, Auckland, New Zealand (Chase); Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Campus, Hawkshead Lane, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK (Calvo); University of Edinburgh, Royal Dick School of Veterinary Studies, Easter Bush, Midlothian, UK (Hall); Davies Veterinary Specialists, Higham Gobion, Hertfordshire, UK (Farrell).

Retrospective analysis of case records from dogs and cats diagnosed with supracondylar or distal diaphyseal humeral fractures was performed. Complications were compared and outcome was assessed at final follow-up and by owner questionnaire. A total of 37 cases (25 dogs and 12 cats) were included. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237257PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Adherence to treatment recommendations and short-term outcome of pleasure and sport horses with equine asthma.

Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1293-1298

Clinical Sciences Department, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, 3200 rue Sicotte, Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec J2S 2M2.

Treatments for mild forms of equine asthma are extrapolated from those recommended for severe equine asthma (heaves), but little is known about owner's adherence to recommendations and treatment efficacy. The objective was to determine which recommendations are implemented by owners and their perception of the clinical response to treatment. Medical records of 43 horses diagnosed with moderate asthma between 2010 and 2012 were retrieved from the Université de Montréal database. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237262PMC
December 2018
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Magnetic resonance imaging muscle lesions in presumptive canine fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy.

Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1287-1292

Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1.

This retrospective cohort study reports the observation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) epaxial muscle hyperintensity in dogs diagnosed with presumptive fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy (FCEM) ( = 61). It further reports the observation of vertebral column hyperesthesia lasting > 12 hours. The hypothesis tested was that the finding of MRI epaxial muscle hyperintensity correlated with dogs presenting with hyperesthesia. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237267PMC
December 2018
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Assessment of canine and feline body composition by veterinary health care teams in Ontario, Canada.

Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1280-1286

Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1.

Nutritional assessment guidelines recommend that veterinary teams assess the body composition of pets at every visit. The objective of this study was to determine how veterinary teams in Ontario, Canada assess body composition in cats and dogs. An online survey was distributed to veterinary teams, with questions on how often body composition is assessed, what methods are used, and demographics. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237266PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Veterinary Medical Ethics.

Authors:
Bernard E Rollin

Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1261-1263

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237268PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Veterinary medicine - profession and community.

Authors:
Carlton Gyles

Can Vet J 2018 Dec;59(12):1257-1259

Opinions expressed in this column are those of the Editor.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237263PMC
December 2018
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Communication: Too compliant client communication.

Authors:
Myrna Milani

Can Vet J 2018 Oct;59(10):1123-1124

Dr. Milani is a behavior and bond practitioner, teacher, and author of several books on the interaction of animal behavior, health, and the human-animal relationship.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6135303PMC
October 2018
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Access to veterinary care for low-income Canadians.

Authors:
Martha J Harding

Can Vet J 2018 Oct;59(10):1121-1122

Owner/Veterinarian, East Village Animal Hospitals, London/Kitchener, Ontario.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6135307PMC
October 2018
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West Nile virus in horses - What do you need to know to diagnose the disease?

Can Vet J 2018 Oct;59(10):1119-1120

Animal Health Science Directorate, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 3200 Sicotte Street, Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec J2S 7C6 (Paré); Animal Health and Welfare Branch, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, 1 Stone Road West, Guelph, Ontario N1G 4Y2 (Moore).

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6135266PMC
October 2018
1 Read

What is your diagnosis?

Can Vet J 2018 Oct;59(10):1115-1117

Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4 (Bedos, Aertsens); Animal Health Trust, Lanwades Business Park, Kennett, Newmarket CB8 7UU, UK (Dennis).

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6135308PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Assessing the sharpness of hypodermic needles after repeated use.

Can Vet J 2018 Oct;59(10):1112-1114

College of Engineering (Majcher, Eichorn, Johnston), Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine (Waldner, Jelinski), Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine (Clark), University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.

Four gauges (14G, 16G, 18G, 20G) of single use hypodermic needles were evaluated for sharpness by measuring the force required to puncture rehydrated bovine leather. The needles began to dull after 1 use with maximum bluntness occurring within 4 to 5 uses. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6135268PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Serological survey of canine vector-borne diseases in Saskatchewan, Canada.

Can Vet J 2018 Oct;59(10):1109-1111

615, 5th Street East, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7H 1G4 (Gaunt); Western College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4 (Carr, Taylor).

Whole blood samples were collected from 515 dogs in the practice region surrounding Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada between 2008 and 2010 and evaluated for seroprevalence of vector-borne diseases. Of 515 samples, 12 (2.3%) were positive, with 7 (1. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6135302PMC
October 2018
1 Read