8,922 results match your criteria The Canadian veterinary journal. La revue veterinaire canadienne[Journal]


Welcomed and unwelcomed practice communication.

Authors:
Myrna Milani

Can Vet J 2019 Apr;60(4):435-436

Dr. Milani is a behavior and bond practitioner, teacher, and author of several books on the interaction of animal behavior, health, and the human-animal relationship.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417762PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Inappropriate lactation in a 15-year-old thoroughbred mare.

Authors:
Tracy To

Can Vet J 2019 Apr;60(4):430-433

Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1.

A 15-year-old thoroughbred non-pregnant mare was presented with ongoing inappropriate lactation. The most likely cause, equine Cushing's disease, was ruled out through biochemical testing. Milk cytology and bacterial culture showed no evidence of mastitis or neoplasia. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417605PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Fitness of animals for transport to slaughter.

Can Vet J 2019 Apr;60(4):423-429

Sir James Dunn Animal Welfare Centre, Department of Health Management, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island C1A 4P3.

Fitness for transport is an important factor affecting the potential for suffering during animal transportation. Examination of Canadian condemnation statistics, surveys of animals transported to slaughter, and legal case studies show that current guidelines and regulations do not always ensure that only fit animals are transported. Consideration of the pathophysiological implications of ill-health and injury on an animal's response to the potential physical and physiological challenges that can occur during transportation can assist in identifying the welfare implications of transporting compromised animals. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417610PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Vaccine usage in western Canadian cow-calf herds.

Can Vet J 2019 Apr;60(4):414-422

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4.

The aims of this study were to describe when and how vaccines are administered during the production cycle in cow-calf herds in western Canada, as well as the factors that influence vaccine usage as reported by producers. The most commonly used vaccines were bovine viral diarrhea virus/infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (BVDV/IBR) in adult animals and clostridial vaccines in calves. While there has been improvement in usage of reproductive and respiratory viral vaccines since previous studies, there are still several areas in which uptake could be improved. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417607PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Occupational stressors and desired changes for wellness amongst employees at a Canadian animal welfare organization.

Can Vet J 2019 Apr;60(4):405-413

Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1.

While occupational stressors in human caregiving environments have been well-explored, little is known about these stressors in the animal caregiving professions. To address this, a cross-sectional survey was conducted (June and July, 2016) with employees at a Canadian animal welfare organization to explore perceived occupational stressors and desired wellness resources. Responses to open-ended questions were analyzed thematic network analysis. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417763PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Loose-control of diabetes mellitus with protamine zinc insulin in cats: 185 cases (2005-2015).

Can Vet J 2019 Apr;60(4):399-404

Alamo Feline Health Center, San Antonio, Texas, USA (Restine, Norsworthy); School of Veterinary Medicine and School of Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, California, USA (Kass).

This study evaluated the outcome of cats with diabetes mellitus treated with a loose-control approach using protamine zinc insulin and identified factors that influence the likelihood of remission and survival in these cats. A total of 185 client-owned domestic cats were followed until death, lost to follow-up, or the end of the 11-year study. These cats were treated primarily basing insulin dose adjustments on clinical response. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417615PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Attitudes towards antimicrobial use and factors associated with antimicrobial use in western Canadian cow-calf herds.

Can Vet J 2019 Apr;60(4):391-398

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4 (Waldner, Parker, Campbell); Public Health Agency of Canada, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4 (Gow); Animal Welfare Program, Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4 (Wilson).

One hundred cow-calf producers in western Canada were surveyed to determine their perceptions regarding antimicrobial use (AMU) and how these perceptions and other herd management factors were associated with AMU. Veterinarians were the most important source of AMU information. Half of the producers considered antimicrobial resistance (AMR) when choosing antimicrobials, while 24% considered the influence of AMU on AMR in human health. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417609PMC

Field studies evaluating the direct, indirect, total, and overall efficacy of autogenous vaccine in nursery pigs.

Can Vet J 2019 Apr;60(4):386-390

Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1.

Vaccine effectiveness (VE) was evaluated on a farrow-to-finish farm experiencing mortality due to . Direct, indirect, total, and overall vaccine effectiveness were analyzed by vaccinating only 75% of pigs in each litter. Cox's regression and logistic regression revealed total and overall VE to be 27% and 21%, respectively. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417621PMC

Complications and survival in horses with surgically confirmed right dorsal displacement of the large colon.

Can Vet J 2019 Apr;60(4):381-385

Department of Surgical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1215 Linden Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.

This study compared post-operative complications and survival in horses with right dorsal displacement of the large colon (RDD) and horses with other non-strangulating large colon (NSLC) lesions. Data were obtained from medical records of horses undergoing exploratory laparotomy from 2000 to 2016 and from owner questionnaire. Of 137 horses that fitted the inclusion criteria, 67 (49%) had RDD and 70 (51%) had NSLC lesions. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417614PMC

Pyrethroid toxicity in a Vietnamese pot-bellied pig.

Can Vet J 2019 Apr;60(4):377-380

Department of Clinical Studies New Bolton Center (Luethy, Nolen-Watson), Department of Pathobiology (Bender, Murphy), University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, 382 West Street Road Kennett Square, Kennett Square, Pennsylvania 19348, USA; Marion DuPont Scott Equine Medical Center, Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine, Leesburg, Virginia, USA (Marchitello).

A 7-month-old spayed female Vietnamese pot-bellied pig (VPBP) was presented for diffuse muscle fasciculations and seizure-like activity that had started 4 hours before presentation. The pig was stuporous and displayed diffuse involuntary gross motor movement and muscle fasciculations, as well as hypertonicity of all 4 limbs. Hematologic analysis revealed hemoconcentration, severe hyperlactatemia, moderate metabolic acidosis, increased creatine kinase and gamma-glutamyltransferase. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417620PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Veterinary Medical Ethics.

Authors:
Bernard E Rollin

Can Vet J 2019 Apr;60(4):355-356

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417617PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Outdoor cats - or community cats?

Authors:
Carlton Gyles

Can Vet J 2019 Apr;60(4):349-352

Opinions expressed in this column are those of the Editor.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417603PMC

January Veterinary Medical Ethics - Cannabinoids to treat dogs and cats.

Authors:

Can Vet J 2019 Apr;60(4):345

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April 2019
1 Read

Diagnostic Ophthalmology.

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):319-321

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380266PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Reaching new heights: Results of the 2018 CVMA Practice Owners Economic Survey.

Authors:
Chris Doherty

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):315-318

Dr. Doherty is a graduate of the Ontario Veterinary College and he works as an economic analyst for the Ontario Veterinary Medical Association.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380243PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Pemphigus foliaceous.

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):311-313

Dr. Goodale, Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Dermatology, Guelph Veterinary Specialty Hospital, 1460 Gordon Street South, Guelph, Ontario N1L 1C8.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380263PMC

Sex-hormone producing adrenal tumors causing behavioral changes as the sole clinical sign in 3 cats.

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):305-310

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA (Sumner, Miller, Hayes); Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA (Hulsebosch); Medvet Columbus, Medical and Cancer Centers for Pets, Worthington, Ohio 43085, USA (Dudley).

Three neutered cats with adrenocortical tumors that were presented with behavioral changes but no evidence of hyperaldosteronism or hypercortisolism are described. All 3 cats had resolution of their clinical signs following adrenalectomy. For neutered cats presenting with behavior changes, a sex-hormone secreting adrenal tumor should be considered as a differential diagnosis. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380267PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

An atypical presentation of multi-systemic B-cell lymphoma in a horse.

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):300-304

The William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital (Torrent, Johnson, Berryhill), Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences (Kilcoyne), Pathology, Microbiology & Immunology (Affolter), and Department of Medicine and Epidemiology (Aleman), School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, California 95616, USA.

This report describes an unusual presentation of multicentric B-cell lymphoma with central and peripheral nerve involvement in a horse that was presented with acute onset, severe, multiple limb lameness, and muscle atrophy. This case highlights the importance of including neoplasia in the differential list in horses presenting for severe limb lameness associated with muscle atrophy, muscle fasciculations, and weakness. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380265PMC

Pharmacokinetics of regional limb perfusion using a combination of amikacin and penicillin in standing horses.

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):294-299

Department of Large Animal Medicine and Surgery, Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel (Dahan, Oreff, Tatz, Raz, Kelmer); Kimron Veterinary Institute, National Residue Control Laboratory, Bet Dagan, Israel (Britzi).

The objectives of this study were to evaluate the compatibility and the pharmacokinetic properties of combined amikacin and penicillin administration by intravenous regional limb perfusion (IVRLP) in horses. A tourniquet was applied proximal to the carpus of 7 clinically healthy adult horses and 2 g of amikacin and 10 × 10 IU of penicillin (100 mL total volume) were sequentially injected into the cephalic vein just distal to the tourniquet. Synovial samples were collected from the joint at several times after injection. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380264PMC

Adoption of technology and management practices by Canadian cow-calf producers.

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):287-293

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences (Jelinski, Waldner), Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4; Canadian Cattlemen's Association, Calgary, Alberta T2E 7H7 (Bergen, Grant).

Statistics Canada's 2016 census data were analyzed to determine the proportion of Canadian cow-calf producers who had adopted the use of 7 different technologies and 2 different grazing/feeding management practices, collectively referred to as "management tools." The 4 most commonly used management tools were rotational grazing, in-field winter grazing/feeding, smartphones/tablets, and computers/laptops. Differences in the adoption of these technologies by geographical region, number of producers/operations, herd size, operator gender, and operator age were examined using logistic regression. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380247PMC

Tissue residue depletion of fenbendazole after oral administration in turkeys.

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):282-286

Department of Biomedical Sciences (Enouri, Johnson), Department of Population Medicine (Guerin), Ontario Veterinary College, Arkell Poultry and Equine Research Station (Wilson), University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1; Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Dowling).

The objectives of this study were to determine tissue depletion of fenbendazole in turkeys and estimate a withdrawal interval (WDI). Forty-eight 9-week-old turkeys were fed fenbendazole at 30 mg/kg of feed for 7 consecutive days. Three hens and 3 toms were sacrificed every 2 days from 2 to 16 days post-treatment, and tissues were collected to determine fenbendazole sulfone (FBZ-SO) concentrations using mass spectrometry. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380251PMC

Sensitivities of a bulk-tank milk ELISA and composite fecal qPCR to detect various seroprevalence levels of paratuberculosis in cattle herds in Normandy, France.

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):275-281

Groupement de Défense Sanitaire de l'Orne, BP 138, Alençon, F-61004, France (Delafosse, Hanoy); Groupement de Défense contre les Maladies des Animaux de Seine-Maritime, BP 516, Bois-Guillaume, F-76233, France (Meens); Laboratoire Vétérinaire Départemental de Seine-Maritime, CS 51140, Rouen, F-76175, France (Rambaud); Laboratoire Vétérinaire Départemental de l'Orne, CS 60007, Alençon, F-61001, France (Achour).

This study evaluated an ELISA on bulk tank milk (BTM) samples and a qPCR on a single composite fecal sample to detect paratuberculosis seropositive cattle dairy herds. Individual serum ( = 15 372), BTM and composite fecal samples were obtained from 192 herds. The within-herd apparent seroprevalence was categorized and compared with BTM ELISA and fecal qPCR results. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380383PMC

Assessment of dog owners' knowledge relating to the diagnosis and treatment of canine food allergies.

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):268-274

Department of Animal Biosciences, Ontario Agricultural College (Tiffany, Templeman, Shoveller), Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College (Parr, Manjos, Verbrugghe), University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1; Guelph Veterinary Dermatology, Guelph Veterinary Specialty Hospital, Guelph, Ontario N1L 1C8 (Yu).

Canine food allergies are the result of an immune-mediated hypersensitivity reaction to dietary proteins and can manifest as a variety of dermatologic and/or gastrointestinal clinical signs. Food elimination trials followed by provocation tests are used to diagnose food allergies; however, no research has been conducted to determine whether elimination trials and provocation tests are being properly implemented by pet owners. The objectives of this study were to determine the level of knowledge of dog owners regarding food allergies, and to investigate how dog owners approach diagnosis and treatment with their veterinarians. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380261PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Antimicrobial usage in western Canadian cow-calf herds.

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):255-267

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4 (Waldner, Parker, Campbell); Public Health Agency of Canada, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4 (Gow); Animal Welfare Program, Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4 (Wilson).

While ongoing surveillance and research initiatives have provided some information on antimicrobial use (AMU) in many livestock commodities, there are no recent reports for Canadian cow-calf herds. Antimicrobial use data were collected in 2014 for bulls, cows, and calves from 100 herds participating in the Western Canadian Cow-Calf Surveillance Network. Lameness was the most common reason for treatment in cows and bulls, with oxytetracycline being the treatment of choice. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380250PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Use of protective hand shielding by veterinary workers during small animal radiography.

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):249-254

Departments of Small Animal Clinical Sciences (Mayer) and Large Animal Clinical Sciences (Waldner), Western College of Veterinary Medicine, 52 Campus Drive, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4; Department of Medicine, 107 Wiggins Road, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5E5 (Koehncke, Gallagher); Medical Physics, British Columbia Cancer, 1215 Lethbridge Street, Prince George, British Columbia V2M 7E9 (Sidhu).

Federal government guidelines recommend wearing hand shielding that provides full protection for the entire hand during manual restraint of animals for radiography. The primary objective of this cross-sectional survey of 143 Saskatchewan veterinary workers was to describe behaviors of workers who do not follow guidelines for effective hand shielding, and to examine the factors associated with these behaviors. An electronic invitation to complete an online questionnaire was sent to 1261 members of the provincial veterinary medical and veterinary technologist associations. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380260PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Veterinary Antimicrobial Stewardship in Australia.

Authors:
John Prescott

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):246-248

Department of Pathobiology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380249PMC

Veterinary Medical Ethics.

Authors:
Bernard E Rollin

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):229-230

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380244PMC

A peaceful, caring goodbye.

Authors:
Terri Chotowetz

Can Vet J 2019 Mar;60(3):225-227

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380262PMC

Too much of a good thing.

Authors:
Myrna Milani

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):203-204

Dr. Milani is a behavior and bond practitioner, teacher, and author of several books on the interaction of animal behavior, health, and the human-animal relationship.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340249PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

Equine sinonasal anaplastic sarcoma infected with multi-drug resistant .

Authors:
Alexandra Warren

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):199-202

Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4.

A 5-year-old Hanoverian horse was presented for a palpable and visible mass over the frontal and maxillary sinuses. Following endoscopy and radiography surgical excision was attempted. The horse was euthanized during surgery and samples of the mass were identified as malignant anaplastic sarcoma, a seldom reported sinonasal tumor in equids. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340251PMC
February 2019
12 Reads

Congenital hydrocephalus in a Belgian draft horse associated with a nonsense mutation in B3GALNT2.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):197-198

Lodi Veterinary Care, 705 North Main Street, Lodi, Wisconsin 53555, USA (Kolb); University of Calgary, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 3280 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4Z6 (Klein).

Congenital hydrocephalus has been reported for a number of horse breeds, and for Friesian horses this condition has been associated with a nonsense mutation of B3GALNT2. We report the first case of congenital hydrocephalus associated with the said mutation in a Belgian draft horse. Genetic testing and consideration of the testing results in breeding programs are warranted. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340252PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Plasma transfusions in horses with typhlocolitis/colitis.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):193-196

Departments of Clinical Studies (Arroyo) and Population Medicine (Sears), Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1; Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA (Gomez).

The outcome of treatment of horses with plasma for typhlocolitis/colitis at the Ontario Veterinary College-Health Sciences Centre was evaluated. Horses with typhlocolitis/colitis that received a plasma transfusion had higher odds of dying than did non-transfused horses. The clinical usefulness of transfusing plasma to hospitalized hypoproteinemic horses is questioned. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340250PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Bilateral phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation in a young African lion .

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):186-192

Policlinico Veterinario Roma sud, Ophthalmology, Via Pilade Mazza 24, Rome, Lazio 00173 Italy (Viñas, D'Anna); CVS-Centro Veterinario Specialistico, Ophthalmology, Rome, Lazio Italy (Guandalini); Naples, Italy (Capasso, Guerriero); Clinica Veterinaria Villa Felice, Anesthesiology, Naples, Italy (Nocerino); Long Island Veterinary Specialist, Ophthalmology, Plainview, New York, USA (Sapienza).

An 18-month-old intact female lioness was referred to the Clinica Veterinaria Roma Sud for evaluation of bilateral cataracts. Phacoemulsification and implantation of +30 diopter intraocular lens (IOL) were performed bilaterally. Seven years after surgery, the IOL remained centrally positioned and the patient had normal activity. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340255PMC
February 2019

Feline infectious peritonitis in a cat presented because of papular skin lesions.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):183-185

Department of Veterinary Pathology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4.

A 19-week-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was examined because of multiple raised pruritic skin lesions along the dorsal head and back. Histopathology of biopsies of the lesions detected nodular pyogranulomatous dermatitis with vasculitis and necrosis, leading to a suspicion of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). Postmortem examination revealed gross lesions consistent with FIP. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340254PMC
February 2019

Use of slide scrape lysates for polymerase chain reaction confirmation of disseminated infection in a cat.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):179-182

Department of Veterinary Pathology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Burgess, Lockerbie) and TM'z Veterinary Clinic PC Ltd., PO Box 1173, Lumsden, Saskatchewan S0G 3C0 (Marshall).

Disseminated mycobacteriosis in a 3-year-old domestic medium-haired cat was diagnosed on lymph node cytology. Slide scrape lysates from the cytology submission were used to confirm by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing and proved a simple technique that could be a valuable tool in veterinary diagnostics and research. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340257PMC
February 2019

Transient distal renal tubular acidosis in a dog with gastric-dilatation-volvulus.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):174-178

Departament de Medicina i Cirurgia Animal, Facultat de Veterinària de la UAB, Campus UAB Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès), Barcelona 08193, Spain.

A case of distal renal tubular acidosis occurring as a transient complication in a 13-year-old female greyhound dog with gastric-dilatation-volvulus was diagnosed. The acute renal ischemia and inflammatory condition associated with this syndrome could be considered the main underlying mechanisms responsible for the acute, severe, and complicating renal tubular dysfunction. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340260PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Evaluation of risk factors for mortality in dogs with lung lobe torsion: A retrospective study of 66 dogs (2000-2015).

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):167-173

Departments of Clinical Studies (Wainberg, Brisson, Reabel) and Population Medicine (Sears), Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1; Department of Clinical Sciences (Hay, Shmon), Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5A2; Department of Clinical Sciences (Hayes), College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA (Murphy).

The objectives of this retrospective case series study were to describe a group of 66 dogs with lung lobe torsion (LLT) and to investigate the incidence of complications and risk factors for mortality and overall outcome in this population. Sixty-six dogs with LLT from 3 independent academic institutions were investigated. Information on signalment, history, clinical findings, and interventions was obtained. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340258PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Comparison of carbon dioxide laser bipolar vessel device for staphylectomy for the treatment of brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):160-166

Animal Medical Center, New York, New York, USA (Kirsch, Spector, Kalafut, McDougall); Purdue University College of Veterinary Medicine, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA (Moore).

Carbon dioxide (CO) laser and bipolar vessel sealing device (BSD) are industry standards for soft palate resection. No studies exist to directly compare these 2 techniques in a clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare clinical outcomes for dogs that underwent CO laser BSD staphylectomy. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340259PMC
February 2019

Distribution and abundance of species in commercial turkey flocks across Canada.

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):153-159

Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1.

Diversity and regional abundance of species infecting Canadian commercial turkey flocks are largely unknown. To address this paucity of data regarding coccidiosis and its distribution in Canada, fecal samples from turkey flocks (N = 39) representing 27 commercial farms [ON ( = 20), SK ( = 2), BC ( = 3), AB ( = 1), NS ( = 1)] were screened for coccidia. Identification of all species present in each sample was accomplished using a nested-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340256PMC
February 2019

What is the evidence that bovine coronavirus is a biologically significant respiratory pathogen in cattle?

Authors:
John Ellis

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):147-152

Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4.

Coronaviruses, including bovine coronavirus (BCoV), are etiologically associated with enteric and respiratory disease across a wide range of mammalian and avian species. The role of BCoV in calfhood diarrhea is well-established, but its role in the bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) has been controversial. This review re-examines the evidence that BCoV is a significant pathogen in the BRDC. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340311PMC
February 2019
10 Reads

The Pan-Canadian Approach to Wildlife Health.

Authors:
Craig Stephen

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):145-146

Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340262PMC
February 2019

Veterinary Medical Ethics.

Authors:
Bernard E Rollin

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):123-125

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340310PMC
February 2019

Veterinary telemedicine.

Authors:
Carlton Gyles

Can Vet J 2019 Feb;60(2):119-122

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340261PMC
February 2019

Canine otitis externa - Treatment and complications.

Authors:
Jangi Bajwa

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):97-99

Dr. Bajwa is a Board-certified Veterinary Dermatologist, Veterinary Dermatology & Ear Referral Medical Clinic, Vancouver, British Columbia.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294027PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Diagnostic Ophthalmology.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):95-96

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294028PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The true cost of credit: Student debt and repayment.

Authors:
Chris Doherty

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):92-94

Dr. Doherty is a graduate of the Ontario Veterinary College and he works as an economic analyst for the Ontario Veterinary Medical Association.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294017PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Hypoplastic right ventricle in a dog.

Authors:
Alaina Macdonald

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):89-91

Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1.

A 7-week-old male crossbred puppy was presented in acute respiratory distress. A diagnosis of left- and right-sided heart failure was confirmed on postmortem examination. The heart had a severely hypoplastic right ventricle. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294080PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

A review of Horner's syndrome in small animals.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):81-88

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5B4.

Horner's syndrome arises from dysfunction of the oculosympathetic pathway and is characterized by miosis, enophthalmos, protrusion of the third eyelid, and ptosis. It has been recognized in a wide variety of breeds and ages in small animal patients. The oculosympathetic pathway is a 3-neuron pathway. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294019PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Current trends in the management of canine traumatic brain injury: An Internet-based survey.

Can Vet J 2019 Jan;60(1):73-79

Cape Cod Veterinary Specialists, 11 Bourne Bridge Approach Street, Bourne, Massachusetts, USA.

This study characterized trends in management of canine traumatic brain injury (TBI) among 182 small animal veterinarians grouped as follows: Board-certified specialists at a veterinary teaching hospital (BCS-VTH), Board-certified specialists in private practice (BCS-PP), non-specialists at a teaching hospital (DVM-VTH), and non-specialists in private practice (DVM-PP). The BCS-VTH, BSC-PP, and DVM-VTH groups were more comfortable using the modified Glasgow Coma Scale (MGCS) than the DVM-PP group ( < 0.001, < 0. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294016PMC
January 2019
2 Reads