881 results match your criteria The Behavior Analyst[Journal]


The Origin and Evolution of the Behavior Analysis Program at the University of Nevada, Reno.

Behav Anal 2016 May 18;39(1):167-73. Epub 2016 Apr 18.

Department of Psychology/296, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV 89557 USA.

The origins of the Behavior Analysis program at the University of Nevada, Reno by way of a self-capitalized model through its transition to a more typical graduate program is described. Details of the original proposal to establish the program and the funding model are described. Some of the unusual features of the program executed in this way are discussed, along with problems engendered by the model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-016-0061-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883512PMC
May 2016
8 Reads

The Munroe-Meyer Approach: Continuous Integration of Didactic Instruction, Research, and Clinical Practice.

Behav Anal 2016 May 19;39(1):157-66. Epub 2016 Apr 19.

University of Nebraska Medical Center's Munroe-Meyer Institute, Omaha, NE 68198 USA.

Increased demand for applied behavior analysis (ABA) services has increased the need for additional masters-level practitioners and doctoral-level academicians and clinical directors. Based on these needs, the University of Nebraska Medical Center's (UNMC) Munroe-Meyer Institute has developed a PhD program. The academic structure at UNMC allowed us to create our PhD program in a relatively quick and efficient manner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-016-0062-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883513PMC
May 2016
17 Reads

Conceptualization and Development of the Behavior Analysis Programs at the Florida Institute of Technology.

Behav Anal 2016 May 28;39(1):149-56. Epub 2016 Apr 28.

School of Behavior Analysis, Florida Institute of Technology, 150 W. University Blvd., Melbourne, FL 32901 USA.

We describe the conceptualization and development of the Behavior Analysis programs at the Florida Institute of Technology (Florida Tech). From its beginnings as a small master's program in applied behavior analysis (ABA), the Behavior Analysis programs at Florida Tech have now grown to include three Master of Science programs across two campuses, a Ph.D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-016-0060-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883511PMC
May 2016
17 Reads

Caldwell University's Department of Applied Behavior Analysis.

Behav Anal 2016 May 15;39(1):143-8. Epub 2016 Apr 15.

Department of Applied Behavior Analysis, Caldwell University, 120 Bloomfield Avenue, Caldwell, NJ 07006 USA.

Since 2004, faculty members at Caldwell University have developed three successful graduate programs in Applied Behavior Analysis (i.e., PhD, MA, non-degree programs), increased program faculty from two to six members, developed and operated an on-campus autism center, and begun a stand-alone Applied Behavior Analysis Department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-016-0058-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883509PMC
May 2016
5 Reads

Necessity and Opportunity: the 1-Year Master's ABA Program at Auburn University.

Authors:
James M Johnston

Behav Anal 2016 May 18;39(1):135-42. Epub 2016 Apr 18.

Auburn University, Auburn, AL USA ; 493 Cherokee Boulevard, Knoxville, TN 37919 USA.

The Auburn University Master of Science program in Applied Behavior Analysis was designed to accommodate not only the requirements of the Behavior Analyst Certification Board for approved course sequences and practicum training, but unavoidable limitations in faculty and other resources. These limitations were incompatible with the more traditional 2-year curriculum model, so a 1-year program was designed that met the necessary conditions. This article describes the resulting academic and practicum curriculum, the key funding mechanisms that allowed the program to develop, and the opportunities and benefits that this model afforded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-016-0057-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883508PMC
May 2016
3 Reads

Editorial: An Introduction to the Special Section on Diverse Origins of Graduate Training Programs in Behavior Analysis.

Behav Anal 2016 May 28;39(1):131-3. Epub 2016 Apr 28.

Behavior Analyst Certification Board, 8051 Shaffer Parkway, Littleton, CO 80127 USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-016-0065-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883516PMC
May 2016
5 Reads

Behaviorism and Society.

Authors:
Jon E Krapfl

Behav Anal 2016 May 25;39(1):123-9. Epub 2016 Apr 25.

Mason School of Business, College of William & Mary, 106 Robert Cole Ct., Williamsburg, VA 23185 USA.

A probable list of causes for the limited acceptance of behaviorism in our society is identified. This is followed by a summary review of the proposed solutions identified in other papers in this special issue of The Behavior Analyst, most of which relate to either better marketing of either the behavior analytic process or the results achieved as a consequence. One paper proposes a more broad conception of behavior analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-016-0063-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883514PMC
May 2016
6 Reads

The Need for a More Effective Science of Cultural Practices.

Authors:
Anthony Biglan

Behav Anal 2016 May 4;39(1):97-107. Epub 2016 Feb 4.

Oregon Research Institute, 1775 Millrace Drive, Eugene, OR 97403 USA.

Behavior analysis has produced a robust theoretical analysis of the contingencies involved in cultural evolution. Yet, thus far, the empirical yield of this work remains quite limited. With this paper, I attempt to provide specific examples of the ways to advance an experimental analysis of the contingencies involved in cultural evolution. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40614-016-0051-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-016-0051-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883505PMC
May 2016
12 Reads

Leadership and Cultural Change: Implications for Behavior Analysis.

Behav Anal 2016 May 27;39(1):41-6. Epub 2016 Apr 27.

University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-016-0064-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883515PMC
May 2016
4 Reads

The Other Shoe: An Early Operant Conditioning Chamber for Pigeons.

Behav Anal 2016 May 26;39(1):25-39. Epub 2016 Apr 26.

Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-6040 USA.

We describe an early operant conditioning chamber fabricated by Harvard University instrument maker Ralph Gerbrands and shipped to Japan in 1952 in response to a request of Professor B. F. Skinner by Japanese psychologists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-016-0055-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883506PMC
May 2016
9 Reads

The Scientific Image in Behavior Analysis.

Authors:
Mickey Keenan

Behav Anal 2016 May 25;39(1):7-8. Epub 2016 Apr 25.

School of Psychology, Ulster University, Coleraine, Londonderry BT52 1SA UK.

Throughout the history of science, the scientific image has played a significant role in communication. With recent developments in computing technology, there has been an increase in the kinds of opportunities now available for scientists to communicate in more sophisticated ways. Within behavior analysis, though, we are only just beginning to appreciate the importance of going beyond the printing press to elucidate basic principles of behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-016-0059-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883510PMC
May 2016
2 Reads

Editorial: a Very Special Issue.

Authors:
Donald A Hantula

Behav Anal 2016 May 9;39(1):1-5. Epub 2016 May 9.

Department of Psychology, Temple University, Weiss Hall, 1701 N 13 St, Philadelphia, PA 19122-6085 USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-016-0066-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883517PMC
May 2016
7 Reads

Contributions of Behavioral Systems Science to Leadership for a New Progressive Movement.

Behav Anal 2016 May 28;39(1):109-21. Epub 2015 Aug 28.

University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL USA.

We argue in this paper that we are in the midst of a period in which fundamental global change will be required if societies and many species, perhaps even our own, are to survive. The realities are inescapable, and the potential implications are likely to affect nearly every dimension of human life in the USA and globally. Current trends are discouraging and will be extraordinarily difficult to shift, given global structural realities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0043-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883500PMC
May 2016
16 Reads

Improving Public Perception of Behavior Analysis.

Authors:
David H Freedman

Behav Anal 2016 May 4;39(1):89-95. Epub 2015 Sep 4.

45 Rivard Road, Needham, MA 02492 USA.

The potential impact of behavior analysis is limited by the public's dim awareness of the field. The mass media rarely cover behavior analysis, other than to echo inaccurate negative stereotypes about control and punishment. The media instead play up appealing but less-evidence-based approaches to problems, a key example being the touting of dubious diets over behavioral approaches to losing excess weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0045-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883502PMC
May 2016
8 Reads

Strategies to Position Behavior Analysis as the Contemporary Science of What Works in Behavior Change.

Authors:
Julie M Smith

Behav Anal 2016 May 1;39(1):75-87. Epub 2015 Oct 1.

ChangePartner Healthcare, Inc., 3315 Four H Camp Road, Morgantown, WV 26508 USA.

The negative perception of behavior analysis by the public, and conveyed in mass media, is well-recognized by the professional community of behavior analysts. Several strategies for correcting this perception have been deployed in the field by organizational behavior management practitioners, in particular, with encouraging results. These strategies include (a) reframing behaviorism in a more resonant format, (b) pushing direct outcome comparisons between behavior analysis and its rivals, and (c) playing up the "warm and fuzzy" side of behavior analysis (see Freedman 2015, in this issue, for a thorough description of these strategies). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0044-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883501PMC
May 2016
14 Reads

What Studying Leadership Can Teach Us About the Science of Behavior.

Authors:
Maria E Malott

Behav Anal 2016 May 14;39(1):47-74. Epub 2015 Dec 14.

Association for Behavior Analysis International, 550 West Centre Ave., Portage, MI 49024 USA.

Throughout history, individuals have changed the world in significant ways, forging new paths; demonstrating remarkable capacity to inspire others to follow; and repeatedly showing independence, resilience, consistency, and commitment to principle. However, significant cultural change is rarely accomplished single-handedly; instead, it results from the complex and dynamic interaction of groups of individuals. To illustrate how leaders participate in cultural phenomena, I describe how a few individuals helped to establish the Cold War. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0049-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883504PMC
May 2016
2 Reads

Why Brains Are Not Computers, Why Behaviorism Is Not Satanism, and Why Dolphins Are Not Aquatic Apes.

Authors:
Louise Barrett

Behav Anal 2016 May 11;39(1):9-23. Epub 2015 Nov 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, T1K 6T5 Canada.

Modern psychology has, to all intents and purposes, become synonymous with cognitive psychology, with an emphasis on the idea that the brain is a form of computer, whose job is to take in sensory input, process information, and produce motor output. This places the brain at a remove from both the body and environment and denies the intimate connection that exists between them. As a result, a great injustice is done to both human and nonhuman animals: On the one hand, we fail to recognize the distinctive nature of nonhuman cognition, and on the other hand, we continue to promote a somewhat misleading view of human psychological capacities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0047-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883503PMC
May 2016
36 Reads

Stereo Knobs and Swing Sets: Falling in Love with the Science of Behavior.

Authors:
Bridget A Taylor

Behav Anal 2015 Oct 18;38(2):283-92. Epub 2015 Aug 18.

Alpine Learning Group, 777 Paramus Road, Paramus, NJ 07652 USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0041-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883487PMC
October 2015
2 Reads

Joy and Fulfillment as a Female Behavior Analyst.

Behav Anal 2015 Oct 10;38(2):275-82. Epub 2015 Sep 10.

University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA USA ; 5555 Heron Point Drive, Naples, FL 34108 USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0038-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883484PMC
October 2015
9 Reads

Opportunities and Some Lessons Learned from a Career in Behavior Analysis.

Authors:
Carol Pilgrim

Behav Anal 2015 Oct 23;38(2):263-73. Epub 2015 Sep 23.

Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina Wilmington, Wilmington, NC 28403 USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0036-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883482PMC
October 2015
12 Reads

Influences on My Early Academic Career.

Behav Anal 2015 Oct 25;38(2):255-62. Epub 2015 Jul 25.

Department of Psychology, Texas Christian University, Box 298920, Fort Worth, TX USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0039-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883485PMC
October 2015
15 Reads

A Challenging and Satisfying Career in Basic Science.

Behav Anal 2015 Oct 18;38(2):247-54. Epub 2015 Aug 18.

Department of Psychology, Washington State University, PO Box 644820, Pullman, WA 99164-4820 USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0040-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883486PMC
October 2015
9 Reads

My Mentors and their Influences on My Career.

Authors:
Linda A LeBlanc

Behav Anal 2015 Oct 1;38(2):237-45. Epub 2015 Sep 1.

Trumpet Behavioral Health, 390 Union Blvd, Suite 300, Lakewood, CO 80228 USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0035-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883481PMC
October 2015
13 Reads

A Career in Behavior Analysis: Notes from the Journey.

Authors:
Judith E Favell

Behav Anal 2015 Oct 4;38(2):229-36. Epub 2015 Aug 4.

27941 Lake Jem, Mt. Dora, FL 32757 USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0037-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883483PMC
October 2015
7 Reads

Prominent Women in Behavior Analysis: An Introduction.

Behav Anal 2015 Oct 25;38(2):225-7. Epub 2015 Jul 25.

The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0032-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883478PMC
October 2015
10 Reads

On the Distinction Between the Motivating Operation and Setting Event Concepts.

Behav Anal 2015 Oct 6;38(2):219-23. Epub 2015 Aug 6.

Behavior Analyst Certification Board, 8051 Shaffer Parkway, Littleton, CO 80127 USA.

In recent decades, behavior analysts have generally used two different concepts to speak about motivational influences on operant contingencies: setting event and motivating operation. Although both concepts still appear in the contemporary behavior-analytic literature and were designed to address the same antecedent phenomena, the concepts are quite different. The purpose of the present article is to describe and distinguish the concepts and to illustrate their current usage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0042-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883488PMC
October 2015
6 Reads

JEAB Research Over Time: Species Used, Experimental Designs, Statistical Analyses, and Sex of Subjects.

Behav Anal 2015 Oct 25;38(2):203-18. Epub 2015 Jul 25.

Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, 1903 W. Michigan Ave, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5439 USA.

We examined the species used as subjects in every article published in the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior (JEAB) from 1958 through 2013. We also determined the sex of subjects in every article with human subjects (N = 524) and in an equal number of randomly selected articles with nonhuman subjects, as well as the general type of experimental designs used. Finally, the percentage of articles reporting an inferential statistic was determined at 5-year intervals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0034-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883480PMC
October 2015
3 Reads

Trends in Behavior-Analytic Gambling Research and Treatment.

Behav Anal 2015 Oct 5;38(2):179-202. Epub 2015 Jun 5.

Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Carbondale, IL USA.

The purpose of the present review was to analyze research outcomes for all gambling studies reported in the behavior analysis literature. We used the search term "gambling" to identify articles that were published in behaviorally oriented journals between the years 1992 and 2012 and categorized the content of each article as empirical or conceptual. Next, we examined and categorized the empirical articles by inclusion of an experimental manipulation and treatment to alleviate at least some aspect of pathological gambling, participant population used, type of gambling task employed in the research, whether the participants in the study actually gambled, and the behavioral phenomena of interest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0027-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883474PMC
October 2015
8 Reads

A Historical Perspective on the Future of Behavior Science.

Behav Anal 2015 Oct 12;38(2):149-61. Epub 2015 May 12.

California State University, Los Angeles, CA USA.

Like all natural sciences, behavior science has much to offer toward an understanding of the world. The extent to which the promise of behavior science is realized, though, depends upon the extent to which we keep what we know before us. This paper considers fundamental concepts in behavior science, including the concepts of behavior, stimulation, setting conditions, and language. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0030-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883476PMC
October 2015
17 Reads

A New Frontier: Integrating Behavioral and Digital Technology to Promote Health Behavior.

Behav Anal 2015 May 23;38(1):19-49. Epub 2014 Aug 23.

Department of Psychology, University of Florida, P. O. Box 112250, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA.

Modifiable behavioral risk factors such as cigarette smoking, physical inactivity, and obesity contribute to over 40 % of premature deaths in the USA. Advances in digital and information technology are creating unprecedented opportunities for behavior analysts to assess and modify these risk factors. Technological advances include mobile devices, wearable sensors, biomarker detectors, and real-time access to therapeutic support via information technology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0017-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883489PMC
May 2015
16 Reads

Repetitive Behavior in Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Clinical and Translational Findings.

Behav Anal 2015 Oct 20;38(2):163-178. Epub 2015 Jun 20.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA ; McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.

Repetitive behavior refers to a highly heterogeneous set of responses associated with a wide range of conditions, including normative development. Treatment studies for aberrant repetitive behavior are limited although one promising approach involves conceptualizing such behavior as a generalized inflexibility or lack of variability in responding. Relatively little is known about the neurobiological mechanisms that mediate the development and expression of repetitive behavior, information critical to the design of effective pharmacotherapies, early interventions, and prevention strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0029-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4629512PMC
October 2015
14 Reads

A General Methodology for the Translation of Behavioral Terms into Vernacular Languages.

Behav Anal 2015 May 19;38(1):127-35. Epub 2015 Feb 19.

Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc., Littleton, CO USA.

As the field of behavior analysis expands internationally, the need for comprehensive and systematic glossaries of behavioral terms in the vernacular languages of professionals and clients becomes crucial. We created a Spanish-language glossary of behavior-analytic terms by developing and employing a systematic set of decision-making rules for the inclusion of terms. We then submitted the preliminary translation to a multi-national advisory committee to evaluate the transnational acceptability of the glossary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0025-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883497PMC
May 2015
8 Reads

An Analysis of Feedback from a Behavior Analytic Perspective.

Behav Anal 2015 May 14;38(1):51-75. Epub 2015 Jan 14.

The Graduate School, City University of New York, New York, NY USA ; Department of Psychology, Queens College, 65-30 Kissena Boulevard, Flushing, NY 11367 USA.

The present paper presents a systematic analysis from a behavior analytic perspective of procedures termed feedback. Although feedback procedures are widely reported in the discipline of psychology, including in the field of behavior analysis, feedback is neither consistently defined nor analyzed. Feedback is frequently treated as a principle of behavior; however, its effects are rarely analyzed in terms of well-established principles of learning and behavior analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0026-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883498PMC
May 2015
2 Reads

Not so Sweet Revenge: Unanticipated Consequences of High-Intensity Sweeteners.

Authors:
Susan E Swithers

Behav Anal 2015 May 12;38(1):1-17. Epub 2015 Mar 12.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, 703 Third Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907 USA.

While no single factor accounts for the significant increases in overweight and obesity that have emerged during the past several decades, evidence now suggests that sugars, in general, and sugar-sweetened beverages, in particular, may be especially problematic. One response to this concern has been an explosion in the availability and use of noncaloric sweeteners as replacements for sugar. While consumers have been led to believe that such substitutes are healthy, long-term epidemiological data in a number of cohorts have documented increased risk for negative outcomes like type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke among users of artificial sweeteners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-015-0028-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883499PMC
May 2015
2 Reads

The Divergent Paths of Behavior Analysis and Psychology: Vive la Différence!

Authors:
Bruce A Thyer

Behav Anal 2015 May 16;38(1):137-41. Epub 2014 Dec 16.

College of Social Work, Florida State University, 296 Champions Way, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA.

Twenty years ago I suggested that behavior analysts could effect a quiet and covert takeover of the American Psychological Association (APA). I gave as precedents the operation of similar initiatives in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the Darwinian-inspired X-Club, and the psychoanalytically-oriented Secret Ring. Though a conscientious program of working within established APA bylaws and rules, behavior analysts could ensure that behavior analysts were nominated for every significant elective position within the APA, and move to get their colleagues placed in appointive positions, such as journal editorships, review boards, and major committees. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0024-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883496PMC
May 2015
4 Reads

How Hume's Philosophy Informed Radical Behaviorism.

Behav Anal 2015 May 2;38(1):115-25. Epub 2014 Dec 2.

Department of Psychology, Eastern Connecticut State University, 83 Windham Street, Willimantic, CT 06226 USA.

The present paper analyzes consistencies between the philosophical systems of David Hume and B. F. Skinner, focusing on their conceptualization of causality and attitudes about scientific behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0023-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883495PMC
May 2015
7 Reads

Commentary on Malone: Who Founded Behaviorism?

Authors:
Hayne W Reese

Behav Anal 2015 May 4;38(1):109-14. Epub 2014 Nov 4.

West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV USA ; 4516 French Lake Dr., Fort Worth, TX 76133-6908 USA.

Malone (The Behavior Analyst, 37, 1-12 2014) argued that the emergence of behaviorism was inevitable with or without Watson's participation, mainly because protobehavioral ideas and dissatisfaction with classical structuralism were already widespread. However, the first premise is questionable because many of the ideas Malone cited were consistent with structuralism rather than behaviorism, and even if both premises were true they would not make the emergence of behaviorism-or anything else-inevitable. Historical evidence for inevitability is always retrospective and therefore always allows the logical fallacy of "after this, therefore because of this. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0020-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883492PMC
May 2015
21 Reads

Controlling and Predicting Unpredictable Behavior.

Behav Anal 2015 May 18;38(1):93-107. Epub 2014 Sep 18.

Centro Universitário Padre Anchieta, Jundiaí, Brazil ; R Braseliza Alves de Carvalho, 522, São Paulo, Brazil 02510-030.

Behaving predictably can be advantageous in some situations, but unpredictability can also be advantageous in some competitive situations like sports, games, and war. Can, however, unpredictable behavior be conditioned? If a contingency of reinforcement based upon the predictability of behavior generates unpredictable responding, is it possible to conclude that predictability is itself a reinforceable dimension of behavior? In this paper, I address these questions by examining the concept and measures of predictability and the procedures generally used to increase unpredictable responding. I discuss the hypothesis that contingencies based on response frequency shape the generalized operant "to vary" and an alternative hypothesis that such contingencies generate unpredictable responding by balancing the strength of each alternative response over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0019-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883491PMC
May 2015
4 Reads

Advancing Behavior Analysis in Zoos and Aquariums.

Behav Anal 2015 May 19;38(1):77-91. Epub 2014 Aug 19.

University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA USA.

Zoos, aquariums, and other captive animal facilities offer promising opportunities to advance the science and practice of behavior analysis. Zoos and aquariums are necessarily concerned with the health and well-being of their charges and are held to a high standard by their supporters (visitors, members, and donors), organized critics, and the media. Zoos and aquariums offer unique venues for teaching and research and a locus for expanding the footprint of behavior analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0018-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883490PMC
May 2015
8 Reads

Erratum to: Opening Skinner's Box: an Introduction.

Behav Anal 2015 May 13;38(1):147. Epub 2014 Nov 13.

Department of Psychology, University of the Pacific, 3601 Pacific Avenue, Stockton, CA 95211 USA.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1007/s40614-014-0016-z.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0022-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883494PMC
May 2015
2 Reads

Opening Skinner's Box: an Introduction.

Behav Anal 2014 Oct 2;37(2):67-8. Epub 2014 Aug 2.

Department of Psychology, University of the Pacific, 3601 Pacific Avenue, Stockton, CA 95211 USA.

Behavior analysts have redefined the subject matter of psychology, redesigned the experiments used to study that subject matter, renamed almost every part of the world pertaining to that subject matter, and created specialized organizations and journals. It is not surprising, then, that only a happy few ever hear what behavior analysts say. One problem is that we need to publish outside of the box, so to speak. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0016-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883470PMC
October 2014
3 Reads

Upon Further Reflection: View from the Other Side of "Windows on the 21st Century".

Authors:
Sigrid S Glenn

Behav Anal 2014 Oct 10;37(2):119-24. Epub 2014 Jul 10.

Department of Behavior Analysis, University of North Texas, 1155 Union Circle #310919, Denton, TX USA.

Three points discussed in Glenn (1993) are reviewed in the context of current events: the discipline of behavior analysis as a cultural system, the importance of that discipline in the training and regulation of behavior analytic practitioners, and Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI) as a cultural subsystem that links to all the other parts and therefore links the other parts to one another. Noting similarities between behavior analysis and biology, I consider the growth of biological sciences as a model for behavior analysis. Of particular importance for biology has been the role of basic biological sciences in the practice of medicine and the resulting feedback loops that have developed among its basic sciences, applied sciences, and medical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0015-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883469PMC
October 2014
2 Reads

Behavior Analysts to the Front! A 15-Step Tutorial on Public Speaking.

Authors:
Patrick C Friman

Behav Anal 2014 Oct 20;37(2):109-18. Epub 2014 May 20.

Boys Town Center for Behavioral Health, 13460 Walsh Drive, Boys Town, NE 68010 USA.

Mainstream prominence was Skinner's vision for behavior analysis. Unfortunately, it remains elusive, even as we approach the 110th anniversary of his birth. It can be achieved, however, and there are many routes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0009-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883473PMC
October 2014
11 Reads

Nu-Way Snaps and Snap Leads: an Important Connection in the History of Behavior Analysis.

Behav Anal 2014 Oct 8;37(2):95-107. Epub 2014 May 8.

Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 USA.

Beginning in the early 1950s, the snap lead became an integral and ubiquitous component of the programming of electromechanical modules used in behavioral experiments. It was composed of a Nu-Way snap connector on either end of a colored electrical wire. Snap leads were used to connect the modules to one another, thereby creating the programs that controlled contingencies, arranged reinforcers, and recorded behavior in laboratory experiments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0008-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883472PMC
October 2014
6 Reads

Stop Preaching to the Choir, Publish Outside the Box: A Discussion.

Authors:
Edward K Morris

Behav Anal 2014 Oct 6;37(2):87-94. Epub 2014 Jun 6.

Department of Applied Behavioral Science, 4020 Dole Center for Human Development, University of Kansas, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, KS 66045 USA.

In this article, I comment on Normand's, Vyse's, Friman's, Schlinger's, and Reed's articles on publishing books, journal articles, letters to the editor, and columns outside of behavior analysis, that is, "outside the box," as well as communicating with editors, authors, and journalists. Among the topics I address are the prerequisite repertoires and these authors' guidance (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0011-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883465PMC
October 2014
3 Reads

Determining How, When, and Whether You Should Publish Outside the Box: Sober Advice for Early Career Behavior Analysts.

Authors:
Derek D Reed

Behav Anal 2014 Oct 13;37(2):83-6. Epub 2014 May 13.

Department of Applied Behavioral Science, 4048 Dole Center for Human Development, University of Kansas, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, KS 66045 USA.

Publishing outside of behavior analysis is necessary for the field's impact in advancing its science or improving its treatments. As consumers of behavior analysis, we typically only see the success stories in outlets such as the Journal for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, and The Behavior Analyst. Lacking from these models is a description of the hard work and occasional missteps that accompany dissemination outside the box. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0012-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883466PMC
October 2014
4 Reads

Publishing Outside the Box: Unforeseen Dividends of Talking to Strangers.

Behav Anal 2014 Oct 20;37(2):77-81. Epub 2014 May 20.

Department of Psychology, California State University, Los Angeles, 5151 State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90032 USA.

This article describes publishing outside behavior analysis, letters to editors, and columns, as well as communicating outside the box with editors, authors, and journalists. Publishing can occur in a wide range of journals (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0010-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883464PMC
October 2014
4 Reads

Publishing in Journals Outside the Box: Attaining Mainstream Prominence Requires Demonstrations of Mainstream Relevance.

Authors:
Patrick C Friman

Behav Anal 2014 Oct 13;37(2):73-6. Epub 2014 May 13.

Boys Town, 13460 Walsh Drive, Boys Town, NE 68101 USA.

Primary pediatric medical care is as mainstream as any major cultural practice in the USA. Thus, publishing behavior analytic papers that pertain to problems that present in pediatric settings in pediatric medical journals is one route to mainstream relevance. With sufficient numbers of such papers, it could even lead to prominence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0014-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883468PMC
October 2014
13 Reads

Publishing Outside the Box: Popular Press Books.

Authors:
Stuart Vyse

Behav Anal 2014 Oct 22;37(2):69-72. Epub 2014 May 22.

Department of Psychology, Connecticut College, Box 5621, 270 Mohegan Ave, New London, CT 06320-4196 USA.

Writing and publishing popular press books requires a set of skills, not natural to basic and applied researchers trained to publish in peer-referred behavior analytic journals or to practice behavior analysis in applied settings. This article provides suggestions and examples. These include finding a distinctive idea, securing a contract, hiring an agent (or not), deciding on a publisher, and writing engagingly for a broad audience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0013-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883467PMC
October 2014
2 Reads

The Evidence-Based Practice of Applied Behavior Analysis.

Behav Anal 2014 May 29;37(1):41-56. Epub 2014 Apr 29.

University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC USA.

Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a model of professional decision-making in which practitioners integrate the best available evidence with client values/context and clinical expertise in order to provide services for their clients. This framework provides behavior analysts with a structure for pervasive use of the best available evidence in the complex settings in which they work. This structure recognizes the need for clear and explicit understanding of the strength of evidence supporting intervention options, the important contextual factors including client values that contribute to decision making, and the key role of clinical expertise in the conceptualization, intervention, and evaluation of cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40614-014-0005-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4883454PMC
May 2014
13 Reads