15,172 results match your criteria The Autopsy Report

EML4-ALK fusion variant.3 and co-occurrent PIK3CA E542K mutation exhibiting primary resistance to three generations of ALK inhibitors.

Cancer Genet 2021 May 28;256-257:131-135. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Thoracic Oncology, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka, Japan.

The ALK inhibitors are promising therapeutic agents against lung cancer harboring ALK fusion genes and are currently under development up to the third generation. However, its therapeutic effects are reported to be affected by differences in ALK variants and co-occurrent mutations. Materials and Methods; We experienced an autopsy case of an ALK-positive lung cancer patient who showed primary resistance to three generations of ALK inhibitors. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An autopsy case of corticobasal syndrome with pure diffuse Lewy Body Disease.

Neurocase 2021 Jun 15:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Neurology, Tokyo Metropolitan Bokutoh Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Corticobasal syndrome (CBS) is associated with diverse pathological substrates such as tau, prion protein, transactive response and, rarely, alpha synuclein. We report the case of a54-year-old man, who presented with asymmetric levodopa-poor-responsive parkinsonism, frontal lobe signs and behavioral changes. He was diagnosed with CBS, and postmortem analyses revealed Lewy body disease Braak stage VI without comorbid pathologies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Post-mortem diagnosis of imported malaria in France: a case report.

Malar J 2021 Jun 14;20(1):271. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Service de Parasitologie-Mycologie, Hôpital L'Archet, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, UCA, 151 route de Saint Antoine de Giestière, 06000, Nice, France.

Background: Malaria is a potentially lethal parasitic disease due to infection by Plasmodium parasites, transmitted by Anopheles mosquito vectors. Various preventative measures may be recommended for travellers who visit endemic areas. The diagnosis is generally evoked in the context of a febrile patient returning from an endemic zone. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Fatal myopericarditis complicated with coronary vein perforation under the triple antithrombotic therapy: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Apr 24;5(4):ytab098. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Cardiology and Nephrology, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu, Mie 514-8507, Japan.

Background : Acute pericarditis generally follows a mild clinical course and is rarely fatal. Coronary vein involvement is rarely reported.

Case Summary : We report an autopsy case of cardiac tamponade from idiopathic myopericarditis due to coronary venous perforation under the triple antithrombotic therapy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Young athletes: Preventing sudden death by adopting a modern screening approach? A critical review and the opening of a debate.

Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc 2021 Jun 28;34:100790. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Preventing sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes is a primary duty of sports cardiologists. Current recommendations for detecting high-risk cardiovascular conditions (hr-CVCs) are history and physical examination (H&P)-based. We discuss the effectiveness of H&P-based screening versus more-modern and accurate methods. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An autopsy case of PARK2 due to a homozygous exon 2 deletion of parkin and associated with α-synucleinopathy.

Neuropathology 2021 Jun 13. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Division of Neurology, Department of Brain and Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Japan.

Lewy bodies (LBs) are usually detected in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), but there have been few reports of LBs in a familial form of early-onset PD associated with several mutations in parkin, a gene that encodes a ubiquitin E3 ligase involved in mitochondrial homeostasis, being also known as PARK2. Here, we report a case of PD with a PARK2 mutation characterized by a homozygous deletion of exon 2 and incidental LB pathology. A 60-year-old man developed tremor in the upper limbs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Complications associated with myocardial bridging in four children without underlying cardiac disease: a case series.

Paediatr Int Child Health 2021 Jun 11:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Life Sciences and Public Health, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Myocardial bridging is largely considered to be a benign, symptomless congenital anomaly of the coronary arteries in which the intramyocardial coronary course is partially 'tunnelled' and leads to vessel compression during ventricular systole. There are few data regarding children. To report on myocardial bridging observed in children seeking medical help in the paediatric emergency room. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Characteristics of Patients ≥ 10 Years of Age with Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma: A Report from the International DIPG Registry.

Neuro Oncol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH.

Background: DIPG generally occurs in young school-age children, although can occur in adolescents and young adults. The purpose of this study was to describe clinical, radiological, pathologic, and molecular characteristics in patients ≥10 years of age with DIPG enrolled in the International DIPG Registry (IDIPGR).

Methods: Patients ≥10 years of age at diagnosis enrolled in the IDIPGR with imaging confirmed DIPG diagnosis were included. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sudden cardiac death risk in contact sports increased by myocarditis: a case series.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Mar 1;5(3):ytab054. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Cardiology Department, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Rue Montalembert, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Background: Myocarditis is a known cause of sudden cardiac death of the athlete. The impact of direct chest trauma in at-risk sports or activities in patients with a history of myocarditis has never been demonstrated or studied. We report herein two cases of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia secondary to non-penetrating blunt chest trauma while playing contact sports. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Two autopsy cases with injuries to the stomach following cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2021 Jun 4;53:101916. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan. Electronic address:

We herein report two autopsy cases with gastric injury associated with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Case 1 was a 36-year-old woman who was found in cardiopulmonary arrest possibly caused by a fall from a height of 8 m. She received continuous manual chest compression with artificial ventilation while being transferred to the hospital. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Kurt Jellinger 90: his contribution to neuroimmunology.

J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Neurology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

This review honors Kurt Jellinger on his 90th birthday as one of the most outstanding neuropathologists, who has contributed immensely to neuroscience due to his vast experience and collection of excellently documented autopsy cases. Two of his many insightful reports are highlighted here. One report focuses on the pathogenesis of inflammatory demyelinating diseases and investigates the neuropathology in autopsy tissue of a patient, who developed an MS-like disease after repeated treatment with lyophilized bovine brain cells in 1958. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Splenic Infarct Due to a Patent Foramen Ovale and Paradoxical Emboli Post-COVID-19 Infection: A Case Study.

Cureus 2021 May 7;13(5):e14887. Epub 2021 May 7.

Gastroenterology Department, West Suffolk NHS Foundation Trust, Bury St Edmunds, GBR.

Hypercoagulability is now a recognized complication of COVID-19 infection. Despite this, splenic infarction remains rare and is often found incidentally, radiologically, or at autopsy. We report a case of symptomatic splenic infarction with superimposed infection, secondary to COVID-19-induced hypercoagulability in a young patient with paradoxical emboli due to an undiagnosed patent foramen ovale (PFO). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Fatal outcome of cervical myelopathy caused by fibrocartilaginous embolism. Rare cause of spinal vascular damage.

Ideggyogy Sz 2021 May;74(5-6):207-210

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest.

Background And Purpose: Fibrocartilaginous embolism is a rare cause of ischemic myelopathy. Authors report a case of a 39-year-old woman with progressive tetraparesis and severe autonomic dysfunction. Despite of the detailed examinations, the definite diagnosis was verified by autopsy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Autopsy case of fatal hypoglycemia following ingestion of a therapeutic dose of tramadol.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health Japan, Iseigaoka 1-1, Yahatanishi, Kitakyushu, Japan.

An 86-year-old female was found unconscious the day after taking a prescribed tablet containing a combination of tramadol and acetaminophen. At admission to the hospital, marked hypoglycemia (blood glucose: 4 mg/dL) was confirmed, but serum insulin and C-peptide were within the normal range, which suggested that neither endogenous hyperinsulinemia nor exogenous insulin administration was responsible for the hypoglycemia. Despite resuscitation efforts, the woman subsequently died. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Legionnaires' disease arising with hirsutism: case report of an extremely confusing event.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jun 6;21(1):532. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Interdisciplinary Medicine, Occupational Health Division, University of Bari, Bari, Italy.

Background: Legionella bacteria is a common cause of pneumonia, but the infection may affect several organs in the most serious cases. A systemic involvement ab initio could be non-specific, leading to a diagnostic misinterpretation.

Case Presentation: A 33-year-old woman had been complaining of mental confusion, restlessness, aggressiveness, and, subsequently, hirsutism. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ischemic Heart Disease Related Sudden Cardiac Death in Autopsied Cases: An Egyptian perspective.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

From the Forensic Pathology Department, Forensic Medicine Authority, Ministry of Justice, Cairo, Egypt Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology, College of Medicine, Jouf University, Aljouf, Saudi Arabia Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University (SCU), Ismailia, Egypt.

Abstract: Diagnosis of the underlying cause of sudden unexpected death in a previously healthy individual remains one of the important challenges in forensic practice. Ischemic heart disease is the most common cause of sudden death. The current study aims to investigate the incidence and pathology of sudden ischemic cardiac death in Egypt. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Massive Perivillous Fibrin Deposition and Chronic Histiocytic Intervillositis a Complication of SARS-CoV-2 Infection.

Pediatr Dev Pathol 2021 Jun 3:10935266211020723. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Institute of Immunology and Immunotherapy, University of Birmingham, UK.

An emerging complication of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is reported. A 23-year-old patient presented with high temperature and reduced fetal movements at 25 + 5/40 weeks of gestation. RT-PCR proved maternal COVID-19 infection. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Filigree burns of a lightning strike: A case series.

Med Leg J 2021 Jun 4:258172211011003. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Gorakhpur, India.

Lightning is the discharge of an electric charge forming in the atmosphere between the earth and clouds which travels downward in a branching pattern. It is estimated that there are some 1800 active thunderstorms at any given moment. Lightning may injure or kill a person by a direct strike, a side-flash or conduction through another object. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Intestinal Abnormalities in Patients With SARS-CoV-2 Infection: Histopathologic Changes Reflect Mechanisms of Disease.

Am J Surg Pathol 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Weill Cornell Medicine Department of Medicine, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY.

Approximately 20% of patients with symptomatic syndrome-associated coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection have gastrointestinal bleeding and/or diarrhea. Most are managed without endoscopic evaluation because the risk of practitioner infection outweighs the value of biopsy analysis unless symptoms are life-threatening. As a result, much of what is known about the gastrointestinal manifestations of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has been gleaned from surgical and autopsy cases that suffer from extensive ischemic injury and/or poor preservation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Autoptic identification of disseminated mucormycosis in a young male presenting with cerebrovascular event, multi-organ dysfunction and COVID-19 infection.

IDCases 2021 28;25:e01172. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Brompton and Harefield Hospital, Guy's and St.Thomas Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.

Among the secondary fungal infections in Coronavirus-19 (COVID-19) infection, Aspergillosis has been reported more often than Mucormycosis. Disseminated mucormycosis is almost always a disease of severely immunosuppressed hosts. We report a young obese Asian male who was admitted with an acute anterior cerebral artery (ACA) territory infarct and severe COVID-19 pneumonitis to the intensive care unit (ICU). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Vital Role of Thanatochemistry in the Postmortem Diagnostic of Diabetic Ketoacidosis-Case Report.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 May 29;11(6). Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Institute of Forensic Medicine, 700455 Iasi, Romania.

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a lethal acute hyperglycemic complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) and it represents the initial manifestation of DM in about 15-20% of cases in adults and about 30-40% of cases in children. Postmortem diagnosis of DKA can only be made by applying thanatochemistry. Biochemistry applied postmortem is viewed with skepticism by many practitioners in the forensic field, completely lacking in many forensic services around the world, and especially in the national ones. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Negative Fat Pad Biopsy in Systemic AL: A Case Report Analyzing the Preferred Amyloidosis Screening Test.

Diseases 2021 May 28;9(2). Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Pathology, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, OH 43614, USA.

Light chain amyloidosis (AL) causes irreversible multi-organ damage if not diagnosed early in the disease process. Fat pad biopsy is thought to be a highly sensitive screening test in systemic AL cases, especially if greater than three organs are involved. We present a case of a 64-year-old female who was admitted to the hospital with worsening heart and kidney failure, anasarca, increased free serum lambda light chains, and a negative fat pad biopsy for amyloidosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sudden Death without a Clear Cause after Comprehensive Investigation: An Example of Forensic Approach to Atypical/Uncertain Findings.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 May 17;11(5). Epub 2021 May 17.

Section of Legal Medicine, Department of Health Surveillance and Bioethics, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, 00168 Rome, Italy.

Sudden death (SD) is defined as the unexpected natural death occurred within an hour after the onset of symptoms or from the last moment the subject has been seen in a healthy condition. Brugada syndrome (BrS) is one of the most remarkable cardiac causes of SD among young people. We report the case of a 20-year-old man who suddenly died after reportedly having smoked cannabis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma Possibly Due to Unrecognized Celiac Disease in an Elderly Patient: A Case Report.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 May 11;57(5). Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Internal Diseases, Metabolic Disorders and Hypertension, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Szamarzewskiego 84, 60-569 Poznań, Poland.

Celiac disease (CD) is widely perceived as a childhood disorder. However, it has been demonstrated that 19-34% of new CD cases are diagnosed in patients over 60 years of age and lack the typical presentation. A 76-year-old female was admitted to the clinic due to a recurrent fever that had lasted over a year accompanied by progressive weakness, weight loss of about 10 kg, dehydration, and malnutrition. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ectopic right thoracic kidney associated with Bochdalek hernia as the cause of diagnostic confusion.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Belgrade - School of Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia.

A 61-year-old man who was a psychiatric patient and an alcoholic was admitted to hospital after a fall in his bathroom. He showed signs of hemorrhagic shock, and CT scans showed the presence of the right kidney and part of the right retroperitoneum in the right hemithorax, surrounded by liquid. Surgery showed that the right hemidiaphragm was intact and that no intraabdominal viscera prolapsed into thoracic cavity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Causes of Death and Pathological Findings of Kratom Users: A 5-Year Retrospective Analysis.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

From the Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Abstract: Kratom is a psychoactive substance in Thailand. The major psychoactive chemical component of Kratom is mitragynine. This study aims to elucidate the characteristics and pathologies of autopsied cases where mitragynine was present and quantify the amounts of mitragynine. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Renal Tubular Epithelial Subnuclear Vacuolization in Hypothermia and Diabetic Ketoacidosis-A Retrospective Autopsy Study.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

From the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Abstract: Subnuclear vacuolization of the renal tubular epithelium refers to discrete lipid vacuoles displacing the nuclei toward the lumen. This phenomenon has been associated with conditions sharing fatal ketoacidosis as a common denominator. This retrospective study aimed to investigate renal tubular epithelial subnuclear vacuolization and other postmortem examination findings in fatal hypothermia and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) cases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Kidney Transplant Patient Who Died of COVID-19-associated Severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Case Report.

Intern Med 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Japan.

We herein report a 67-year-old kidney transplant patient who died of COVID-19. He was treated with hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin and received mechanical ventilation that temporarily improved his respiratory status. Despite our efforts, however, he later developed respiratory failure and died 43 days after the disease onset. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF