13,875 results match your criteria The Autopsy Report


Pancreatoduodenectomy in patient with perforated duodenal diverticulum and peritonitis: Case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Apr 10;58:48-49. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Surgery, Summa Akron City Hospital, Akron, Ohio, United Staes; Northeastern Ohio Medical University, Roostown, Ohio, United Staes. Electronic address:

Introduction: Duodenal diverticula are quite prevalent in general population, seen on up to 5% of radiology studies and up to 22% of autopsy examinations.

Presentation Of The Case: 70 years old female was admitted to the hospital with epigastric pain, fevers and elevated white cell count. Abdominal CT scan demonstrated evidence of perforated duodenal diverticulitis which failed to improve with IV antibiotics. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22102612193019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.04.011DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Postmortem distribution of acephate and its metabolite methamidophos in body fluids and organ tissues of an intoxication case.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama 641-8509, Japan.

We herein report an intoxication case caused by the ingestion of the pesticide Ortoran, which consists of 50% acephate aqueous solution. A man in his 60 s was found dead in his car with a 100-mL bottle containing approximately 50 mL of Ortoran. In a gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) screening test, acephate and its metabolite methamidophos were qualitatively detected in his stomach contents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.02.015DOI Listing

Disseminated melanized fungal infection due to Cladosporium halotolerans in a dog coinfected with canine adenovirus-1 and canine parvovirus-2.

Braz J Microbiol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Small Animal Internal Medicine, Department of Veterinary Clinics, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil.

This report presents the pathologic findings associated with disseminated infection due to Cladosporium halotolerans in a dog that was simultaneously infected with canine adenovirus-1 (CAdV-1) and canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2). A 12-year-old, mixed breed dog, with a clinical history of neurological manifestations was submitted for routine autopsy due to poor prognosis. The principal pathologic findings were mycotic necrotizing nephritis, hepatitis, and splenitis with embolic dissemination to the brain resulting in mycotic necrotizing meningoencephalitis, ventriculitis, choroid plexitis, and obstructive hydrocephalus associated with intralesional and intravascular septate pigmented fungi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s42770-019-00082-6DOI Listing

A case of fatal acebutolol poisoning: an illustration of the potential of molecular networking.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

INSERM, INRA, CHU Rennes, Institut NuMeCan (Nutrition, Metabolism and Cancer), University Rennes, 35000, Rennes, France.

Acebutolol is a β1-selective adrenergic receptor antagonist with moderate membrane-stabilizing activity and intrinsic sympathomimetic activity; accordingly, the drug is indicated in hypertension, angina pectoris, and arrhythmia. However, acebutolol's beta-blocking properties also extend the QRS and QTc intervals, and may predispose the patient to ventricular tachydysrhythmia. Here, we report autopsy and toxicological findings on a fatal case of acebutolol self-poisoning in a 70-year-old woman. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00414-019-02062-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02062-9DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

A Long-term Survival after Surgical Treatment for Atypical Aortic Coarctation Complicating Takayasu Arteritis with Inactive Disease at the Diagnosis: An Appropriately Treated Autopsy Case.

Intern Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan.

The number of Takayasu arteritis (TAK) cases being diagnosed at an advanced age has increased, including some who develop ischemic lesions without inflammation of the involved arteries long after the onset of TAK. However, few histopathological analyses of such patients without immunosuppressive therapy have been reported. We herein report a 92-year-old woman with atypical aortic coarctation complicating TAK who underwent bypass graft surgery and survived for 23 years without immunosuppressive therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.2483-18DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Death following consumption of MDAI and 5-EAPB.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Mar 25;299:89-94. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Laboratory of Clinical, Forensic, Industrial and Environmental Toxicology, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Medicines (CIRM), University Hospital of Liege, Belgium.

5-(2-ethylaminopropyl)benzofuran (5-EAPB) and 5,6-methylenedioxy-2-aminoindane (MDAI) are two new psychoactive substances (NPS) exhibiting MDMA-like properties. In this paper, we report the case of a 28-years old man, known as drug addict, found dead at home, with two unidentified powders next to him. External examination by the forensic pathologist was unremarkable but no autopsy was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.03.023DOI Listing
March 2019
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Coexistence of Gastric Cancer and Multiple Small Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors: Report of a Unique Case and Review of the Literature.

Authors:
Helen J Trihia

Gastrointest Tumors 2019 Feb 21;5(3-4):63-67. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Pathology, "Metaxas" Cancer Hospital, Piraeus, Greece.

Background: In recent years, the synchronous occurrence of tumors of different histotypes arising in the same organ has been reported more frequently in the literature. The simultaneous development of adenocarcinoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) has been documented rarely.

Summary: The coexistence of primary gastric adenocarcinoma and GIST has been detected incidentally on gastric mucosa, serosa or occasionally intramurally, at surgery, or gastroscopy for other reasons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495178DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422145PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Non-small cell lung cancer presenting as "psoas muscle syndrome".

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2019 Apr 5;89(1). Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Translational Medical Sciences, University of Campania "L. Vanvitelli", Monaldi Hospital, Naples.

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide and majority of patients are diagnosed in advanced/metastatic disease stage. Sites of distant metastases mainly include contralateral lung, lymph nodes, brain, bones, adrenal glands and liver; skeletal muscles metastases (SMMs) are less common. Psoas muscle and diaphragm metastases are mainly found during autopsy, as their involvement commonly is asymptomatic. Read More

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https://www.monaldi-archives.org/index.php/macd/article/view
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2019.1012DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Modified contralateral C7 nerve transfer: the possibility of permitting ulnar nerve recovery is confirmed by 10 cases of autopsy.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Aug;14(8):1449-1454

Department of Hand Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University; Key Laboratory of Hand Reconstruction, Ministry of Health; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Peripheral Nerve and Microsurgery, Shanghai, China.

Contralateral C7 nerve transfer surgery is one of the most important surgical techniques for treating total brachial plexus nerve injury. In the traditional contralateral C7 nerve transfer surgery, the whole ulnar nerve on the paralyzed side is harvested for transfer, which completely sacrifices its potential of recovery. In the present, novel study, we report on the anatomical feasibility of a modified contralateral C7 nerve transfer surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1673-5374.253530DOI Listing
August 2019
1 Read

An 18th century description of endometriosis : The autopsy of the Countess von Reitzenstein.

Wien Med Wochenschr 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Pathology H4.312, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Descriptions of endometriosis in 18th century monographs and manuscripts are rare and the recorded macroscopic features of endometriosis seldom support this attribution to the described cases. Recently, we became aware of an anonymous German autopsy report from the 18th century. After transcription, the manuscript was assessed by pathologists with historical expertise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10354-019-0693-zDOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Fatal necrotizing esophagitis in a patient with leukocytoclastic cutaneous vasculitis and ankylosing spondylitis.

Autops Case Rep 2019 Apr-Jun;9(2):e2018070. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Hospital Universitário, Internal Medicine Division. São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Esophageal infection by spp. is a common opportunistic entity in immunocompromised hosts; however, systemic fungal dissemination due to perforation or transmural necrosis, also known as necrotizing esophagitis (NCE), is rare. We report the case of a 61-year-old male patient with diagnosed ankylosing spondylitis, severe arteriosclerosis, and vasculitis under immunosuppressive therapy who presented NCE with fungal and bacterial septicemia diagnosed at autopsy. Read More

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http://www.autopsyandcasereports.org/article/doi/10.4322/acr
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4322/acr.2018.070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433139PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Gastric Heterotopic Pancreas Presenting as Abdominal Pain with Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis in the Resected Specimen.

Case Rep Gastrointest Med 2019 6;2019:2021712. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Heterotopic pancreas, also known as ectopic pancreas, is pancreatic tissue located outside the pancreatic parenchyma without vascular or ductal communication with the gland. Ectopic pancreas is rarely symptomatic, typically detected incidentally at surgery or autopsy. Eighty-five to 90% are in the upper GI tract, especially the gastric antrum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2021712DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431401PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of the distribution of nicotine intravenous injection: an adult autopsy case report with a review of literature.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Apr 7. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

Department of Legal Medicine, Osaka City University Medical School, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan.

We reported the first comprehensive autopsy case of death due to intravenous injection of nicotine. We examined the distribution of nicotine in the body tissues and fluid and exposed the pathophysiology of nicotine poisoning. A 19-year-old woman was rushed to the hospital in cardiorespiratory arrest and was confirmed dead upon arrival. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00414-019-02035-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02035-yDOI Listing
April 2019
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Presepsin: A potential superior diagnostic biomarker for the postmortem differentiation of sepsis based on the Sepsis-3 criteria.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Mar 23;299:17-20. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

Diagnosis of sepsis-related death by autopsy is often a complex process. Presepsin (PSEP) is typically used as a marker for diagnosing sepsis after death; however, its efficacy remains unclear. In the present study, we compared the levels of PSEP, C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) in the postmortem serum of femoral blood to determine their efficacies as biomarkers for the postmortem differentiation of sepsis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.03.034DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Neuropathological Findings in a Case of IFIH1-Related Aicardi-Goutières Syndrome.

Pediatr Dev Pathol 2019 Apr 5:1093526619837797. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

4 Departments of Pathology, Neurology, Neurosurgery, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.

Aicardi-Goutières syndrome (AGS) is a rare syndrome characterized by calcification, diffuse demyelination, and variable degree of brain atrophy. The syndrome is genetically heterogeneous with mutations in 7 genes, including TREX1, RNASEH2A, RNASEH2B, RNASEH2C, SAMHD1, ADAR1, and IFIH1 (interferon-induced helicase c domain-containing protein 1) associated with the syndrome, so far. These mutations lead to the overproduction of α-interferon within the central nervous system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1093526619837797DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Use of contrast-enhanced post-mortem computed tomography to diagnose intestinal perforation caused by malpractice: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(14):e15042

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Shanghai Forensic Service Platform, Academy of Forensic Science, Shanghai.

Rationale: The application of post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) and PMCT angiography (PMCTA) is becoming increasingly common in forensic investigations. One of the most frequently applied techniques today is PMCTA. However, few studies have focused on the application of contrast-enhanced PMCT of hollow organs such as the gastrointestinal tract. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015042DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Pseudomesotheliomatous Carcinoma with a High Pleural Hyaluronic Acid Concentration Arising from a Primary Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Apr 4;20:447-452. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Japan Community Health Care Organization (JCHO) Saitama Medical Center, Saitama City, Saitama, Japan.

BACKGROUND Pseudomesotheliomatous carcinomas are rare tumors that develop like malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). These tumors have similar features, and thus pseudomesotheliomatous carcinomas can sometimes be misdiagnosed as MPM. Most pseudomesotheliomatous carcinomas develop from primary lung cancers, although there have been some reports involving other malignancies; however, there has been no report describing a pseudomesotheliomatous carcinoma developing from an esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.913782DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

A Case of Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type II With Additional Balanced Translocation t(1;20)(p13;p11.2).

Fetal Pediatr Pathol 2019 Apr 3:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

a Pathology Department , University of Illinois at Chicago , Chicago , IL , USA.

Background: Osteogenesis imperfect (OI) type II is a genetic disorder of bone characterized by bone fragility, multiple fractures, severe bowing and shortening of long bones, and perinatal death due to respiratory insufficiency. It is mainly caused by mutations in the COL1A1 or COL1A2 genes, inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.

Case Report: A fetal form of this disorder that included brachydactyly, macrocephaly, frontal bossing, soft calvarium, saddle nose, micrognathia, low set ears, and narrow thoracic cavity is described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15513815.2019.1579877DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

State of the art in post-mortem computed tomography: a review of current literature.

Virchows Arch 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Experimental and Clinical Biomedical Sciences, Radiodiagnostic Unit No. 2, University of Florence, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Largo Brambilla 3, 50134, Florence, Italy.

Computed tomography (CT) and other advanced diagnostic imaging techniques are gaining popularity in forensic pathology. This paper aims to define and offer complete and easily accessible "state of the art" for post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT), by reviewing the latest international literature. The proposed format answers the "five Ws" that follows: (1) What: We report the different kinds of CT scan and settings generally used in post-mortem imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00428-019-02562-4DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Cerebral Vasculitis in Ulcerative Colitis Is Predominantly Venular: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Rheumatol 2019 26;2019:9563874. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Pathology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Extraintestinal complications of ulcerative colitis include isolated case reports of cerebral vasculitis. In this case report, we describe autopsy findings in a 50-year-old female who died as a result of massive multifocal cerebral hemorrhage. Microscopic examination of the left colon showed findings typical for ulcerative colitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9563874DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413389PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Fatal Exsanguination Following Rupture of an Iliac Artery Aneurysm in an Infant With Menkes Disease.

Pediatr Dev Pathol 2019 Apr 1:1093526619841152. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

1 Department of Paediatric Surgery, John Hunter Children's Hospital, Newcastle, Australia.

Menkes disease (MD) usually presents in infancy with respiratory and neurological complications. Severe isolated vasculo-connective tissue involvement in infancy is rare, and hence the precise and timely diagnosis is difficult. We report a case of an 8-week-old male infant who succumbed to acute, severe exsanguination, and hemorrhagic shock secondary to a large retroperitoneal hematoma due to rupture of a right iliac artery aneurysm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1093526619841152DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Severe Calcific Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis as an Unexpected Cause of Death: An Autopsy Case.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Chronic calcific constrictive pericarditis is a rare condition. It can cause severe morbidity and even mortality. The diagnosis may be difficult to establish due to its variable clinical signs. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00000433-900000000-9914
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAF.0000000000000478DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

An infant autopsy case of bowel obstruction due to internal abdominal hernia.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2019 Mar 25;38:32-35. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.

Internal abdominal hernia, defined as protrusion of viscera through a defect of the mesentery, has been considered a rare clinical entity. Recent clinical reviews reported a wide range of onset age (from newborns to the elderly) and symptoms (from minimal abdominal symptoms to severe acute abdomen). Sudden and unexpected death due to internal abdominal hernia is rare in infants or toddlers, and only 4 autopsy cases had been reported previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.legalmed.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis as the Initial Manifestation of Metastatic Disease diagnosed in Postmortem Examination: A Case Series.

P R Health Sci J 2019 Mar;38(1):64-67

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico; Administración de Servicios Médicos de Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC) refers to the infiltration of malignant cells in the pia-arachnoids. LMC is undiagnosed until autopsy in about 20% of cases. A nonspecific neurologic symptomatology makes diagnosis challenging; especially in the scenario of unknown malignancy. Read More

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March 2019
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An Unusual Case of Homicide by Impalement With a Battering Ram.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2019 Mar 23. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Section of Legal Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

Impalement injuries occur when a large foreign body traverses or penetrates a body cavity or extremity. Nowadays, impalement injuries are uncommon and are usually a consequence of a fall onto a blunt object or a road accident. The authors report a case of a woman found dead in her apartment, seemingly killed by a firearm injury to the abdomen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAF.0000000000000476DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Frequency of macroscopic intradural hemorrhage with and without subdural hemorrhage in early childhood autopsies.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Histopathology Department, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Infirmary Close, Leicester, LE1 5WW, UK.

Some authors have suggested that in the fetus, neonate and infant, intradural hemorrhage (IDH) is relatively common and often presents alongside subdural hemorrhage (SDH). These authors have theorized that pediatric SDH may result from an IDH due to blood leakage from a dural vascular plexus. In this study, we report the inter-observer variation for detection of IDH from a retrospectively collected series of pediatric autopsy photographs, with and without SDH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-019-00103-8DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Cellular senescence in progenitor cells contributes to diminished remyelination potential in progressive multiple sclerosis.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Neuroscience, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT 06030;

Cellular senescence is a form of adaptive cellular physiology associated with aging. Cellular senescence causes a proinflammatory cellular phenotype that impairs tissue regeneration, has been linked to stress, and is implicated in several human neurodegenerative diseases. We had previously determined that neural progenitor cells (NPCs) derived from induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines from patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) failed to promote oligodendrocyte progenitor cell (OPC) maturation, whereas NPCs from age-matched control cell lines did so efficiently. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1818348116DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Risk prediction model for long-term heart failure incidence after epirubicin chemotherapy for breast cancer - A real-world data-based, nationwide classification analysis.

Int J Cardiol 2019 Jun 15;285:47-52. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Second Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology Centre, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.

Background: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) incidence during and after anthracycline therapy is highly dependent on anthracycline cumulative dose (CD), but its detailed risk factors remained unexplored. Our aim was to assess heart failure (HF) incidence after epirubicin therapy and construct a HF risk-prediction score.

Methods And Results: A retrospective study was conducted by anonymized integration of nationwide healthcare databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.03.013DOI Listing
June 2019
3 Reads

Cryo-EM structure of cardiac amyloid fibrils from an immunoglobulin light chain AL amyloidosis patient.

Nat Commun 2019 03 20;10(1):1269. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 26, 20133, Milano, Italy.

Systemic light chain amyloidosis (AL)  is a life-threatening disease caused by aggregation and deposition of monoclonal immunoglobulin light chains (LC) in target organs. Severity of heart involvement is the most important factor determining prognosis. Here, we report the 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09133-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427027PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Atrial Hemangioma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

A primary cardiac tumor is a rare clinical entity which was reported an incidence of 0.03% in previous autopsy series. 75% cardiac tumors are cardiac myxoma and cardiac hemangiomas constitute only 1-2% of primary cardiac tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5761/atcs.ra.18-00207DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Rapid pleural effusion after discontinuation of lenvatinib in a patient with pleural metastasis from thyroid cancer.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2019 Mar 18;2019. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Neurology, Respirology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.

We report a case of rapid pleural effusion after discontinuation of lenvatinib. A 73-year-old woman was diagnosed with poorly differentiated thyroid cancer with right pleural metastasis. Weekly paclitaxel treatment was performed for 18 weeks, but it was not effective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EDM-18-0158DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432980PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

A Case of Bilateral Spontaneous Chylothorax with Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis.

Case Rep Pediatr 2019 6;2019:2853632. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Division of Critical Care Medicine, Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, USA.

A case of bilateral spontaneous chylothorax with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis has never been reported. We report the case of a 7-month-old boy born at 33 weeks gestation with a history of Down syndrome, atrial septal defect, pulmonary hypertension, and chronic lung disease, hospitalized due to RSV bronchiolitis who developed bilateral spontaneous chylothorax with exacerbation of pulmonary hypertension (PH). The patient died after 9 weeks of mechanical ventilation and treatment for PH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2853632DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381583PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Prominent auditory deficits in primary progressive aphasia: A case study.

Cortex 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Aphasia typically is associated with comparable difficulties in written and spoken modalities of language expression and comprehension. In contrast, auditory verbal agnosia is the disproportionate difficulty comprehending spoken compared to written language, also typically greater than difficulties with spoken and written language expression, in the absence of a primary sensory deficit. The terms pure word deafness and auditory verbal agnosia are often used synonymously. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00109452193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2019.01.021DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Global, regional, and national burden of stroke, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016.

Authors:

Lancet Neurol 2019 May 11;18(5):439-458. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Background: Stroke is a leading cause of mortality and disability worldwide and the economic costs of treatment and post-stroke care are substantial. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) provides a systematic, comparable method of quantifying health loss by disease, age, sex, year, and location to provide information to health systems and policy makers on more than 300 causes of disease and injury, including stroke. The results presented here are the estimates of burden due to overall stroke and ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke from GBD 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(19)30034-1DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads
21.896 Impact Factor

Secondary aortoenteric fistula possibly associated with continuous physical stimulation: a case report and review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Mar 15;13(1):61. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Sendai Kousei Hospital, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan.

Background: Secondary aortoenteric fistula is a rare but fatal complication after reconstructive surgery for an aortic aneurysm characterized by abdominal pain, fever, hematochezia, and hematemesis, and the mortality rate is high. It has been suggested that it arises due to either continuous physical stimulation or prosthesis infection during primary surgery. We describe an aortoenteric fistula following reconstructive surgery for an abdominal aortic aneurysm together with postmortem pathological findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-019-2003-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419421PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

What did Joseph Stalin really die of? A reappraisal of his illness, death, and autopsy findings.

Cardiovasc Pathol 2019 Feb 20;40:55-58. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Slavic Section, The Ohio State University Main Library, Columbus, OH 43210.

Joseph Stalin was one of the most important world leaders during the first half of the 20th century. He died suddenly in early March 1953 after a short illness, which was described in a series of medical bulletins in the Soviet newspaper Pravda. Based on both the clinical history and autopsy findings, it was concluded that Stalin had died of a massive hemorrhagic stroke involving his left cerebral hemisphere. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carpath.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Rapidly progressive miliary brain metastasis of lung cancer after EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor discontinuation: An autopsy report.

Neuropathology 2019 Apr 13;39(2):147-155. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Pathology, Mitsui Memorial Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Miliary brain metastasis is a rare type of brain metastasis, in which carcinoma cells disseminate to numerous foci confined to Virchow-Robin/subpial spaces. Symptoms usually progress within several months, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) shows multiple small contrast-enhancing lesions. We report an autopsy case of a patient who rapidly deteriorated within a week due to miliary brain metastasis after epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) discontinuation, without contrast-enhancing lesions on MRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/neup.12542DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Fatal meningococcal meningitis in a 2-year-old child: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2019 Mar;7(5):636-641

Institute of Forensic Research, Cracow 31-033, Poland.

Background: In fatal cases of meningococcal septicemia, bacteriological diagnosis may not be straightforward due to postmortem replication and relocation of endogenic microflora. In medicolegal practice, aside from routine autopsy and histopathology, also other diagnostic methods, such as microbiological tests, immunohistochemistry and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), are used to examine body fluids and tissues.

Case Summary: We present the case of sudden death in a 2-year-old child. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v7.i5.636DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406201PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Pulmonary thromboembolism secondary to pelvic thrombosis related to giant ovarian tumor.

Autops Case Rep 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):e2018061. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Sezione di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni. Milano, Italy.

Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is one of the major complications in oncologic patients. The incidence of PTE in these cases is 4 to 7 times higher than in non-oncologic patients. Ovarian tumors, specifically those of large sizes, may impair the blood flow through the pelvic veins as tumor pressure over the pelvic vessels increases the incidence of thrombosis. Read More

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http://www.autopsyandcasereports.org/article/doi/10.4322/acr
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4322/acr.2018.061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394364PMC
January 2019
9 Reads

Sudden death caused by pulmonary fat embolism in a patient with miliary tuberculosis.

Autops Case Rep 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):e2018059. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

a Nerima General Hospital, Department of Pathology. Tokyo, Japan.

An 84-year-old Japanese woman with myelodysplastic syndrome was admitted with pyrexia and dyspnea, but died suddenly during diagnostic evaluation. The autopsy revealed miliary tuberculosis in addition to myelodysplastic syndrome in the bone marrow. The immediate cause of the patient's sudden death was pulmonary fat embolism derived from bone marrow necrosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4322/acr.2018.059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394360PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Sudden death due to diabetic ketoacidosis following power failure of an insulin pump: Autopsy and pump data.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Apr 26;63:34-39. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, J.B. Winsløws Vej 17B, 5000, Odense C, Denmark. Electronic address:

Purpose: To report a case in which autopsy findings and data from an insulin pump illustrate the course up to the death of a 31-year-old man with a history of type 1 diabetes mellitus who was found dead in his apartment with his insulin pump disassembled and placed in another room.

Methods: Autopsy findings including histological, toxicological and biochemical examination are presented. Postmortem download of data from the insulin pump gave the history of the pump, which included blood glucose, insulin bolus, carbohydrate intake and the time course in the days to death, and the pump settings were recorded. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183067
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.02.013DOI Listing
April 2019
10 Reads

Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease in a Young Girl With Unusually Long Survival.

J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 2019 Apr;78(4):373-378

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rapidly progressive, fatal degenerative encephalopathy caused by a pathologically altered form of the prion protein (PrP). CJD is rare, with 1 and 2 cases per million per year reported in the general population, mostly in individuals over 50 years of age. It is almost unknown in the pediatric population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jnen/nlz013DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Annular Pancreas in Adults: Case Report and Literature Review.

S D Med 2019 Feb;72(2):54-57

Department of Surgery, University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.

Annular pancreas is an uncommon congenital cause of gastric outlet obstruction. The incidence is usually referenced at between five and 15 per 100,000 based on autopsy series. When present, this rare condition surfaces with symptoms in the pediatric population during the first few months of life. Read More

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February 2019
1 Read

A case of 5F-ADB / FUB-AMB abuse: Drug-induced or drug-related death?

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Apr 21;297:372-377. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski", 1, J. Bourchier blvd., 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria; Department of Toxicology, Military Medical Academy, 3, St. G. Sofiiski str., 1606 Sofia, Bulgaria.

Synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) belong to the group of new psychoactive substances (NPS) which appear sprayed on herbal mixtures on the "street" drug market and are intended for smoking like marijuana. In the present report we discuss a fatal case of 18-years-old boy, who had smoked SCs since several months and an overuse of SCs during last 48 h of his life has been apprised. The autopsy findings revealed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.02.005DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Double rarity: an unusual case of bromoform poisoning detected by post-mortem radiography.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Division of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Level 1, Falmouth Building, Observatory, Cape Town, 7925, South Africa.

Bromoform ingestion and toxicity is a rare finding. Historically, bromoform was therapeutically prescribed as a sedative in whooping cough, and accidental overdoses occurred mainly in children. Bromoform is used in various industries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-019-02032-1DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Influence of Autopsy Reports on Trauma Registry Accuracy.

J Trauma Nurs 2019 Mar/Apr;26(2):93-98

Department of Acute, Trauma and Critical Care, NewYork-Presbyterian-Queens, Flushing, New York.

The trauma registry is a locally maintained database with information on all trauma patients, including patient demographics and injury data. One essential field is the injury severity score (ISS). Patients who expire on arrival, either in the emergency department or soon after, often cannot undergo a complete evaluation of their injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JTN.0000000000000428DOI Listing
March 2019
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Arrhythmogenic Ventricular Cardiomyopathy Associated With Fibromuscular Dysplasia of Ostial Right Main Coronary Artery.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Medico-Legal and Pathological-Anatomical Department of Health Care Surveillance Authority, Košice, Slovak Republic.

In this article, we report the autopsy findings of a 23-year-old woman, who was found unconscious at home by her relatives. During the transportation to the hospital, the woman was handed over to the ambulance personnel, who were the first to provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In the hospital, after an hour-lasting asystole, the heart activity was restored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAF.0000000000000469DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Calcified mucinous adenocarcinoma of the stomach metastatic to the iris: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Mar 7;13(1):64. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Third Department of Internal Medicine, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara, 634-8522, Japan.

Background: Gastric cancer has a wide spectrum of clinical features, imaging manifestations, and pathology. Punctate calcifications in gastric cancer are infrequent but are usually found in mucinous adenocarcinoma. However, there have only been a few autopsy case reports describing the correlation between the radiology and pathology findings of calcified mucinous adenocarcinoma of the stomach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-019-1977-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6404271PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Improving the reporting of cancer-specific mortality and survival in research using cancer registry data.

Cancer Epidemiol 2019 Apr 2;59:232-235. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Oncology, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Population-based registries are increasingly used in cancer research. In such studies, cancer-specific mortality or survival is frequently used as the primary outcome. To determine whether a putative cancer was part of the causal chain of events leading to death, cancer registries primarily rely on death certificates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2019.02.004DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Localized atrophy of the pontine base as a sequela of prolonged ischemia: Report of an autopsy case.

Neuropathology 2019 Apr 4;39(2):156-161. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Neurology, Osaka City Kosaiin Hospital, Osaka, Japan.

An 80-year-old man with a history of diabetes mellitus and hypertension died of a progressive neurological disorder characterized by truncal ataxia, extraocular movement disturbance, and muscular rigidity. Neuroradiological examination showed progressive atrophy restricted to the pontine base. Autopsy revealed localized atrophy of the pontine base, in which both neurons and nerve fibers were lost, especially in the central region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/neup.12545DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads