3,351 results match your criteria Testicular Torsion


[Pay great attention to and standardize the managment of testicular torsion].

Authors:
F Pan X P Zhang

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Dec;98(46):3729-3731

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December 2018

Bilateral Neonatal Testicular Torsion; Hidden Surgical Nightmare.

Front Pediatr 2018 20;6:318. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Pediatric Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Perinatal testicular torsion is a relatively rare event that remains unidentified in many situations and managed only after an avoidable delay of time. Its current management approaches include watchful observation, delayed contralateral orchiopexy, and emergent contralateral orchiopexy. On the other hand, bilateral torsion is now being more frequently reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2018.00318DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6256121PMC
November 2018

Surgical practice among pediatric surgeons and pediatric urologists in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for the management of suspected testicular torsion.

Saudi Med J 2018 Dec;39(12):1232-1237

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Almadinah Al-munawarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.

Objectives: To review and compare clinical practice and experience among pediatric surgeons (PS) and pediatric urologists (PU) for the management of testicular torsion (TT) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between August 2016 and November 2017, among all PU and PS involved in the management of suspected TT in KSA. A questionnaire was distributed to participants through the Survs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2018.12.22958DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Remote ischemic conditioning in a rat model of testicular torsion: does it offer testicular protection?

J Pediatr Urol 2018 Sep 24. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Division of Urology, Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address:

Background: Testicular torsion is a surgical emergency mainly affecting adolescent boys, with a relatively high rate of missed torsion and testicular loss secondary to delay in prompt diagnosis and surgical intervention. With ischemic reperfusion injury as its underlying culprit, testicular torsion may respond favorably to remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) where a non-privileged site (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2018.09.012DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

The investigation of the protective effects of nimesulide on experimental testicular ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.

Rev Int Androl 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Erzincan University Erzincan, Turkey. Electronic address:

Introduction And Objectives: Testicular ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury develops after torsion and following detorsion of the testis. Reactive oxygen species were produced and oxidative damage begins to occur due to I/R process. Nimesulide, which is a specific cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor drug, have antioxidant, antiinflammatory, analgesics and antipyretic effects. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1698031X183007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.androl.2018.08.001DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Neoplasm of a supernumerary undescended testis: A case report and review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 13;53:345-347. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Urology Department, Ibn El Jazzar Teaching Hospital, Kairouan, Tunisia.

Introduction: Polyorchidism, defined as the presence of more than two testicles, is a rare congenital abnormality of the male genital tract. There is no consensus regarding the management of supranumerary testis (SNT) due to its rareness. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of leiomyoma in SNT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2018.10.082DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260374PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Predictive value of hematological parameters in testicular torsion: retrospective investigation of data from a high-volume tertiary care center.

J Int Med Res 2018 Nov 19:300060518809778. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Urology, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate the use of hematological parameters in the differential diagnosis of testis torsion and epididymo-orchitis, and to determine the predictive value of these parameters in the diagnosis of testis torsion.

Methods: This study retrospectively reviewed the medical data of patients who presented to our institute with the complaint of acute scrotal pain. Eighty-five patients who had undergone orchiectomy or surgical detorsion due to testis torsion and 72 patients with epididymo-orchitis were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060518809778DOI Listing
November 2018

A Pair of Testicular Torsion Medicolegal Cases with Caveats: The Ball's in Your Court.

Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med 2018 Nov 18;2(4):283-285. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Madigan Army Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Tacoma, Washington.

In this article, we present two medicolegal cases illustrating medical and diagnostic pitfalls that can lead to litigation for missed testicular torsion. Testicular torsion (TT) is a urologic emergency with potentially devastating consequences and costs, for providers and patients alike. TT occurs in approximately 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5811/cpcem.2018.10.39497DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230354PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Transverse testicular ectopia discovered following reduction of an inguinal hernia.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Hospital Quironsalud Sur, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Transverse testicular ectopia is a rare condition in which both testicles occupy a single hemiscrotum. The aberrant positioning may lead to vascular compromise or impaired temperature regulation, which elevate the risks for torsion, infertility and testicular cancer. Definitive therapy consists of orchiectomy or orchiopexy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.10.052DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

A systematic review and meta-analysis revealing realistic outcomes following paediatric torsion of testes.

J Pediatr Urol 2018 Dec 5;14(6):503-509. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Royal Hospital for Children, 1345 Govan Road, Glasgow, G51 4TF, United Kingdom.

Introduction: Reported testicular loss rates following paediatric testicular torsion often reflect the surgical decision-making process, rather than long-term survival of the testes.

Objectives: We aim to perform systematic analysis and meta-analysis to investigate testicular salvage rates and to assess predictors of long-term viability.

Study Design: Systematic review according to PRISMA guidelines was performed to investigate immediate and long-term (>12 months) testicular loss rates following torsion in the paediatric population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2018.09.017DOI Listing
December 2018

An examination on composition of spermatozoa obtained from pre-operative and post-operative varicocele patients.

Reprod Biol 2018 Dec 2;18(4):361-367. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

Varicocele is one of the main and surgically repairable causes of male infertility, which arises from dilatation and torsion of the testicular veins in the plexus pampiniformis. In this study, we examined semen samples from 40 patients diagnosed with varicocele between the ages of 15 and 30 years, according to WHO criteria (pre-operatively, and at 3, 6, and 12 months post-operatively). The mean spermatozoa concentration was found to be 45. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1642431X183024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.repbio.2018.10.005DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

A case of bilateral perinatal testicular torsion that presented with unilateral torsion; necessity of contralateral testis exploration.

Turk J Urol 2018 Nov;44(6):511-514

Department of Urology, Shahid Bahonar Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences (KMU), Kerman, Iran.

Perinatal testicular torsion is a rare emergency in a neonate that prompts immediate attention. Bilateral testicular torsion is extremely rare. We report a case of bilateral torsion that presented with unilateral scrotal swelling but significant atrophy and dark discoloration of the contralateral testis that was secondary to asynchronous prenatal torsion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/tud.2018.26790DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6179741PMC
November 2018

Children with Cryptorchidism Complicated by Testicular Torsion: A Case Series.

Urol Int 2018 Oct 26:1-5. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Woman's and Children's Hospital, Shenzhen University and Pingshan District, Shenzhen, China.

Objective: To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of children with cryptorchidism complicated by testicular torsion.

Methods: The clinical data of 6 children with cryptorchidism complicated by testicular torsion admitted to our hospital from December 2000 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.

Results: All 6 children were diagnosed with cryptorchidism by surgery, their age was from 12 days up to 11 years, and the average time between onset of symptoms and diagnosis was 20. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/493766
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493766DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Concurrent testicular torsion and acute incarcerated inguinal hernia in an adolescent boy.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Oct 27;2018. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Dayton Children's Hospital/Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio, USA.

Testicular torsion and acute incarcerated inguinal hernia are both common surgical emergencies in the paediatric population. We present the unusual case of a 16-year-old adolescent boy who presented with both of these conditions concurrently. He had a history of a right inguinal hernia, but ultrasound confirmed a testicular torsion and we employed manual detorsion in the emergency department prior to taking him to the operating room. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227087DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Incremental Role of FDG PET/CT in Assessment of Testicular Viability.

Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2018 Oct 2;52(5):377-379. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Sector -12, Chandigarh, 160012 India.

Testicular torsion is a common differential diagnosis of acute scrotal pain along with acute epididymo-orchitis, which may lead to testicular non-viability. Doppler ultrasound and testicular scintigraphy are two routinely used modalities for the assessment of testicular viability. However, in some cases, these investigations may prove inadequate in differentiating between the two entities with widely differing management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13139-018-0531-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6177341PMC
October 2018

How to Treat Chronic Idiopathic Testicular Pain? Scrotoscopy with a Novel Percutaneous Endoscopy Equipment.

Biomed Res Int 2018 20;2018:9808152. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Urology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China.

Background: Management of chronic idiopathic testicular pain may be difficult because of problems identifying the causes. We evaluated "AUTOKLAV", a novel endourological nephrolithotomy device to diagnose and treat chronic idiopathic testicular pain.

Methods: We divided 103 patients to either scrotoscopy group (SG, n = 64) or open exploration group (OEG, n = 39) between September 2014 and March 2017 at Zhongnan Hospital. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2018/9808152/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9808152DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171263PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

The protective effect of low-energy shock wave on testicular ischemia-reperfusion injury is mediated by the PI3K/AKT/NRF2 pathway.

Life Sci 2018 Nov 13;213:142-148. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Urology, Affiliated Haikou Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Haikou 570208, Hainan Province, China; Haikou Center for Medical Synchrotron Radiation Research, Haikou People's Hospital, Haikou 570208, Hainan Province, China. Electronic address:

Aims: Testicular ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is the primary pathophysiological consequence of testicular torsion. Low-energy shock wave (LESW) is an effective treatment for certain diseases. The present study investigated whether LESW could improve on testicular IR injury in rats and examined the involved mechanism. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00243205183063
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2018.10.021DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Sodium nitrite-derived nitric oxide protects rat testes against ischemia/reperfusion injury.

Asian J Androl 2018 Oct 12. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

The Institute for the 3Rs & Department of Laboratory Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine and Veterinary Science Research Institute, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea.

Testicular torsion, a common urologic emergency, is primarily caused by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury of the testis. Nitric oxide (NO)-derived from nitrite (NO) has been reported to have prominent therapeutic effects on I/R injury in the heart, liver, and brain; however, its effects on testicular I/R injury have not been evaluated. This study, therefore, investigated whether NO from NO is beneficial in a rat model of testicular I/R injury which eventually results in impaired spermatogenesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aja.aja_76_18DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Snail shell sign: Testicular/ovarian torsion.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Oct;62 Suppl 1:106

Department of Radiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1754-9485.50_12784
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1754-9485.50_12784DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Effect of anakinra, an interleukin one beta antagonist, on oxidative testicular damage induced in rats with ischemia reperfusion.

Rev Int Androl 2018 Jul - Sep;16(3):87-94. Epub 2017 Jun 7.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Atatürk University, Erzincan, Turkey.

Background: It has been reported in the literature that proinflammatory interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) is increased in cases of testicular ischemia reperfusion (I/R) damage. This information suggests that anakinra, an IL-1β antagonist, may be effective in testicular I/R damage.

Objective: In our study, we investigated the effect of anakinra on testicular I/R damage induced in rats with torsion/detorsion. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1698031X173002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.androl.2017.03.001DOI Listing
June 2017
1 Read

Testicular Torsion.

Authors:
Grace S Hyun

Rev Urol 2018 ;20(2):104-106

Department of Pediatric Urology, NYU Langone Hospital-Brooklyn Brooklyn, NY.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3909/riu0800DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6168322PMC
January 2018

Acquired undescended testis and possibly associated testicular torsion in children with cerebral palsy or neuromuscular disease.

J Pediatr Urol 2018 Oct 23;14(5):402-406. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Department of Urology, Osaka Women's and Children's Hospital, Osaka, Japan.

Introduction: Torsion of an undescended testis (UDT) associated with cerebral palsy (CP) and neuromuscular disease (NMD) is an uncommon condition that is not well recognized by primary care physicians or healthcare providers.

Objective: The objective of this study was to highlight the clinical importance of torsion of a UDT in children with CP and NMD.

Materials And Methods: Eleven children with testicular torsion of a UDT operated on at the study institute between 1991 and 2015 were identified. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14775131183048
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2018.08.015DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Effect of Unilateral Iatrogenic Torsion onContralateral Testis inRat, Prepubertal and Postpubertal.

Urol J 2018 Sep 11. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Kidney Transplantation Complications Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad -IRAN.

Purpose: The present study was conducted to investigate the influence of hemicastration and age at hemicastration on the subsequent contralateral testis.

Materials And Methods: 64 Wistar-derived male rats divided randomly in 4 groups. Group 1 named immature intervention, group 2 immature control, group 3 mature intervention and group 4mature control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/uj.v0i0.4289DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Benefits of spinal anesthesia for urologic surgery in the youngest of patients.

J Pediatr Urol 2018 Aug 17. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Nationwide Children's Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH 43205, USA.

Introduction: Increasing concerns regarding potential negative effects of early use of inhalational and intravenous anesthetics on neurocognitive development have led to a growing interest in alternative forms of anesthesia in infants. The study institution's outcomes with spinal anesthesia (SA) for urologic surgery in infants aged less than 90 days are reported and their outcomes with a matched cohort of patients who underwent general anesthesia (GA) are compared.

Methods: This is a retrospective single-center analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2018.08.011DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

The Protective Effects of Pulsed Magnetic Field and Melatonin on Testis Torsion and Detorsion Induced Rats Indicated by Scintigraphy, Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography and Histopathological Methods.

Urol J 2018 Nov 17;15(6):387-396. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Gaziosmanpaşa University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Urology, Tokat 60100, Turkey.

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to show the protective effect of pulsed magnetic field (PMF) application and melatonin administration on damage in testis in a one-sided torsion detorsion induced rat model using testicular scintigraphy with 99mTc pertechnetate, PET/CT with 18F-FDG and histopathological methods.

Materials And Methods: Sixty male rats were used in the study; 30 rats were randomly divided into five groups for one day applications of sham control, torsion, melatonin, pulsed magnetic field (PMF) and melatonin plus PMF. Similarly, for one week group, the other 30 rats were divided into the same five group (n=6), but the animals were sacrificed after one week. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/uj.v0i0.4404DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads
0.710 Impact Factor

Voiceless disability: A worth case of bilateral infrainguinal testicular torsion in a patient with cerebropalsy.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2018 Sep 20;33:47-49. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy.

Introduction: A fast surgical treatment is the gold standard when a testicular torsion is diagnosed.However, an early diagnosis of torsion may not be feasible in case of torsion associated with undescended testis in the patients affected by cerebropalsy.

Case Presentation: A Bolivian 16 year old male with acquired cerebropalsy and spastic neuromuscular disease was admitted to our Institute for a right inguinal swelling observed by the father in the morning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amsu.2018.08.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111052PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Prognostic value of thiol/disulphide homeostasis in predicting testicular ischaemia-reperfusion injury in rats.

Andrologia 2018 Dec 29;50(10):e13134. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Urology, University of Health Sciences, Haydarpasa Numune Research & Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Testicular torsion is a surgical emergency and the testicular salvage rate through surgical detorsion ranges from 42% to 88%. However, it is not known to what extent spermatogenic function is preserved in these testes. The purpose of the study was to demonstrate the prognostic value of thiol/disulphide homeostasis in rats for testicular ischaemia and ischaemia-reperfusion injury during early and late stages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/and.13134DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads
1.170 Impact Factor

[Plaque excision plus autologous perididymal patch grafting for Peyronie's disease].

Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue 2018 Janurary;24(1):55-58

Department of Urology, Xuzhou Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University School of Medicine, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221009, China.

Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of plaque excision plus autologous perididymal patch grafting in the treatment of Peyronie's disease.

Methods: This study included 10 patients with Peyronie's disease received in our Department of Urology between January 2013 and December 2015, who had failed to respond to over 12 months of expectant drug therapy and remained stable for more than 6 months, none able to perform sexual intercourse due to penile curvature (>60°). All the patients underwent plaque excision plus autologous perididymal patch grafting. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Protective effects of Tadalafil and darbepoetin against ischemia - reperfusion injury in a rat testicular torsion model.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Sep-Oct;44(5):1005-1013

Department of Urology, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Research & Training Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: To evaluate protective effects of darbepoetin and tadalafil against ischemiareperfusion injury in ipsilateral and contralateral testicle.

Materials And Methods: Thirty 3-month-old adult male Wistar-Albino rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (A-E). Sham operation was performed in the first group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2018.0200DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237536PMC
December 2018

Testicular torsion in older men: It must always be considered.

Urol Case Rep 2018 Nov 4;21:1-2. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Urology Department, Medical University of Sfax, Habib Bourguiba Hospital, Avenue Majida-Boulila, 3029 Sfax, Tunisia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eucr.2018.08.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6086218PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

BET 2: Twist score in cases of suspected paediatric testicular torsion.

Emerg Med J 2018 Sep;35(9):574-575

Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK.

A shortcut review of the literature was carried out to establish whether the Testicular Workup for Ischemia and Suspected Torsion (TWIST) score was reliable and accurate enough to rule out testicular torsion in the paediatric population.Four papers were found to be relevant to the clinical question following the below-described search strategies. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of those best papers are tabulated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2018-208024.3DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Controversies in the management of neonatal testicular torsion: A meta-analysis.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Aug 8. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, NYU-Winthrop Hospital, Mineola, New York, USA; Department of Pediatric Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: This meta-analysis seeks to discern the optimal management strategy in neonatal testicular torsion (NTT).

Methods: Reviewed all English-language articles published between 2005 and 2015 in Medline/Pubmed that had a defined diagnosis of NTT within the first thirty days of life, and discussed specific surgical and nonsurgical management. Exclusion criteria were non-English literature, case reports, case studies, and failure to clearly describe the management of NTT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.07.006DOI Listing

Molecular Mechanisms of Syndromic Cryptorchidism: Data Synthesis of 50 Studies and Visualization of Gene-Disease Network.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2018 26;9:425. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Animal Science, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Cryptorchidism is one of the most frequent congenital birth defects in male children and is present in 2-4% of full-term male births. It has several possible health effects including reduced fertility, increased risk for testicular neoplasia, testicular torsion, and psychological consequences. Cryptorchidism is often diagnosed as comorbid; copresent with other diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2018.00425DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6070605PMC
July 2018
7 Reads

Mean Platelet Volume and Testicular Torsion: New Findings.

Urol J 2018 Aug 9. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Women and Child Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata, University Of Verona, Italy.

Introduction: Testicular torsion is an emergency at any age; the aim of this study is to evaluate the role of mean platelet volume to assess the viability of the testes before surgeryMaterials and methods: We retrospectively analysed the medical records of consecutive patients who underwent surgical exploration for acute scrotal pathology between January 2014 and December 2016 in our institution.Patients were divided into two groups (detorsion of testes and orchyectomy); a third group was created as control group. All patients underwent blood exam before surgery; inclusion and exclusion criteria were created. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/uj.v0i0.4042DOI Listing

Evaluation of testicular workup for ischemia and suspected torsion score in patients presenting with acute scrotum.

Urol Ann 2018 Jul-Sep;10(3):345-346

Department of Urology, Sohar Hospital, Ministry of Health, Sultanate of Oman, Sohar, Oman.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/UA.UA_13_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6060596PMC

Frontiers in pediatric testicular torsion: An integrated review of prevailing trends and management outcomes.

J Pediatr Urol 2018 Oct 21;14(5):394-401. Epub 2018 Jul 21.

Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Testicular torsion remains the most frequent cause of testicular ischemia, especially in adolescents and young adults. Timely diagnosis and intervention are keys to saving the affected testicle. This review presents current trends in the diagnosis and treatment of torsion, potential pitfalls and consequent outcomes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14775131183037
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2018.07.002DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Mechanism mediating the protective effect of diacerein in ischemia-reperfusion-induced testicular injury in rats.

Life Sci 2018 Sep 1;209:57-62. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, 61511 Minia, Egypt.

Aims: Torsion of the spermatic cord is a common urologic emergency and can lead to testicular necrosis and infertility. Diacerein (DIA) is interleukin-1b (IL-1b) blocker which has a protective role against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion, however, to-date this role has not been investigated in testicular ischemia- reperfusion (TIR). We aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of action of DIA in induced TIR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2018.07.060DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Testicular cavernous hemangioma associated with testicular torsion - case report and review of literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 27;49:247-250. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery, General Hospital, Klagenfurt, Austria. Electronic address:

Introduction: Testicular neoplasms that are derived from connective tissue, blood vessels and musculature are uncommon and intra-testicular tumors of vascular origin are extremely rare; both are benign in nature. Testicular hemangioma is exceedingly rare and typically occurs in patients younger than 20 years, the age in which a primary germ cell tumor of the testis may present, necessitating a radical approach to management with orchidectomy, although potential conservative focal partial surgical excision is desirable. Hemangiomas of the testis have a similar sonographic and magnetic resonance imaging appearance to that of malignant tumors of the testis, especially seminoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2018.06.019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6080632PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Nesfatin-1 ameliorates testicular injury and supports gonadal function in rats induced with testis torsion.

Peptides 2018 Sep 18;107:1-9. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Marmara University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Testicular torsion causes ischemia-reperfusion injury and an increased risk of infertility. Nesfatin-1 is a novel peptide with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the putative beneficial effects of nesfatin-1 on oxidative injury and impaired testicular function induced by testis torsion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.peptides.2018.07.005DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads
2.620 Impact Factor

Troxerutin protect sperm, seminiferous epithelium and pituitary-gonadal axis from torsion-detorsion injury: An experimental study.

Int J Reprod Biomed (Yazd) 2018 May;16(5):315-322

Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: Troxerutin is a flavonoid antioxidant that protect different organ against damage caused by ischemia-reperfusion

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of troxerutin in reducing the damages caused by ischemia-reperfusion in rat's testis.

Materials And Methods: 40 Male Wistar rats (2 month old) were divide to four groups (n=10). Group1 (sham), Group 2 (control, ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) without treatment), Group 3 (I/R+150 mg/kg of troxerutin), and group 4 (I/R+20 mg/kg of vitamin C). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6046204PMC
May 2018
2 Reads

Benign Scrotal Tumor in a Pediatric Patient: Epididymal Cyst.

Case Rep Urol 2018 20;2018:1635635. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Pediatric Surgery, Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastian, Spain.

A pediatric patient of 12 years consulted for a left scrotal mass of 2 months of evolution. After suspecting a cystic content due to positive transillumination, on ultrasonography a scrotal cyst separated from the testis, of 5 cm in its maximum length, was confirmed. Due to size, parental anxiety, and the referred short evolution, excision was decided. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1635635DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6031083PMC

[Segmental testicular infarction].

Urologe A 2018 Aug;57(8):947-950

Urologische Klinik und Poliklinik, Errikos Ntynan Hospital Center, Leoforos Mesogeion 107, 11526, Athen, Griechenland.

Segmental testicular infarction is a rare cause of acute scrotum and only a few cases have been reported. Torsion of the testis, testicular tumor and infection are important differential diagnoses. The present case report describes a 61-year-old man with left-sided testicular pain increasing over 24 h. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00120-018-0721-4DOI Listing

Apoptosis Is a Demanding Selective Tool During the Development of Fetal Male Germ Cells.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2018 28;6:65. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Neuroimmunophysiology and Chrononutrition Research Group, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain.

Apoptosis is widely known to play a major role on diseases related to male infertility. Diseases of the male genital tract as defective spermatogenesis, decreased sperm motility, sperm DNA fragmentation, testicular torsion, varicocele and immunological infertility are strongly related to apoptotic cell death. Apoptosis must not be considered only as a fail on germ cell physiology or a secondary effect of certain pathologies and exogenous hazardous agents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcell.2018.00065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6031705PMC

Protective Effects of Matricaria chamomilla Extract on Torsion/ Detorsion-Induced Tissue Damage and Oxidative Stress in Adult Rat Testis.

Int J Fertil Steril 2018 Jun 20;12(3):242-248. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Bachground: There is some evidence indicating that Matricaria chamomile (MC) had protective effects on ischemiareperfusion. In the present study, a rat model was used to investigate the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of MC on torsion/detorsion-induced testis tissue damage.

Materials And Methods: In this experimental study, 28 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups as follows: G1, Sham operated; G2, testicular torsion/detorsion (T/D); G3, rats with testicular torsion/detorsion that received 300 mg/kg of MC extracts 30 minutes before detorsion (T/DMC); and G4, healthy rats that received 300 mg/kg of MC extracts (MC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22074/ijfs.2018.5324DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6018175PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Bilateral low origin of testicular artery: a case report.

J Vasc Bras 2017 Jul-Sep;16(3):258-261

Manipal University, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Department of Anatomy, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

The testicular artery is frequently subjected to radiographic imaging techniques such as angiography for diagnosis and treatment of conditions like epididymitis, testicular torsion, tumor, hematoma, and hydrocele and in cases of undescended testis. Radiologists and surgeons should therefore be aware of testicular artery variants. Although there are numerous studies and case reports that mention testicular artery variants, this is probably the first case, reporting a bilateral low origin of the testicular artery and discussing its probable embryological etiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1677-5449.003017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5868945PMC
June 2018
5 Reads

Protective effect of tadalafil and verapamil on testicular function and oxidative stress after torsion/detorsion in adult male rat.

Andrologia 2018 Oct 19;50(8):e13068. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Anatomical Sciences and Embryology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Objective: This study used a rat model to investigate the protective effect of tadalafil and verapamil on testicular function and oxidative stress after torsion/detorsion.

Methods And Materials: Animals were randomly divided into five groups: G1, Sham group; G2, testicular torsion followed by detorsion (TD); G3, testicular torsion/detorsion received 0/4 mg/kg of tadalafil (TDT); G4, testicular torsion/detorsion received 0/1 mg/kg of verapamil (TDV); and G5, testicular torsion/detorsion received 0/1 mg/kg of verapamil and 0/4 mg/kg of tadalafil (TDTV). All treated groups were received the treatment 30 min before detorsion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/and.13068DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Retroperitoneal seminoma, a rare cause of testicular pain.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jun 14;2018. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Department of General Surgery, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, London, UK.

Extragonadal retroperitoneal seminomas are a rare cause of testicular pain in males. We report the case of a 46-year-old man, who presented with right-sided testicular pain, clinically mimicking testicular torsion. The patient underwent a scrotal exploration, which revealed normal testes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-223736DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Synergistic effect of rapamycin and metformin against germ cell apoptosis and oxidative stress after testicular torsion/detorsion-induced ischemia/reperfusion in rats.

Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Sep 11;105:645-651. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Experimental Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of rapamycin (rapa) and metformin (met), combined administration on testicular torsion-detorsion (T/D) injury. A total of 108 male rats were divided randomly into six groups (n = 18), control, sham-operated, T/D, T/D + met (100 mg/kg), T/D + rapa (0.25 mg/kg) and T/D + met (100 mg/kg)+rapa (0. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07533322183117
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2018.06.012DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

[Malpractice in Urology: lessons of clinical and legal safety.]

Arch Esp Urol 2018 Jun;71(5):459-465

Servicio de Responsabilidad Profesional. Area de Praxis. Colegio de Médicos de Barcelona. Consejo de Colegios de Médicos de Cataluña. Barcelona. España.Unidad de Medicina Legal y Forense. Departamento de Salud Pública. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Barcelona. Barcelona. España.

Objectives: Data about urology malpractice claims in our environment are scarce and should be considered a potential opportunity to "learn from errors".

Methods: We analyzed every claim for alleged malpractice in Urology managed by the Council of Medical Colleges of Catalonia between 1990 and 2012, and specifically evaluated the clinical and medicolegal features of those cases with medical professional responsibility.

Results: We identified 182 cases in 22 years, but only the 25,74%showed professional liability. Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads