2,304 results match your criteria Testicle Trauma


Peritesticular scarring: An unusual presentation of hemophilia B.

Urol Ann 2022 Apr-Jun;14(2):183-185. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Department of Medicine, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia.

Hemophilia is an inherited clotting disorder that typically presents as spontaneous hemorrhage or prolonged, excessive bleeding following minor trauma. Abnormalities of the genitourinary tract are a rare manifestation of the disease. Here, we report a case of undiagnosed hemophilia B in a teenage boy presenting with worsening testicular pain and a dumbbell-shaped testis. Read More

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A Literature Review and Two Case Reports: Is Traumatic Dislocation of the Testes a Surgical Emergency?

Cureus 2022 May 2;14(5):e24672. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Urology, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, QAT.

Traumatic dislocation of the testes (TDT) is a rare sequela of blunt scrotal and perineal trauma. TDT can easily be overlooked during concomitant trauma due to other injuries, The damage to the testis appears to be not severe in dislocation and may be corrected by repositioning even if it is delayed. However, delayed intervention might be associated with pain and discomfort and may lead to abnormal sperm parameters and possible infertility. Read More

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Chronological characterization of sperm morpho-functional damage and recovery after testicular heat stress in Nellore bulls.

J Therm Biol 2022 May 7;106:103237. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Laboratory of Teaching and Research in Pathology of Reproduction, Center of Biotechnology in Animal Reproduction, Department of Animal Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo (USP), Pirassununga, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Heat stress (HS) affects spermatogenesis and sperm maturation, decreasing sperm quality. Yet sperm morpho-functional changes caused by HS in Nellore bulls are not fully elucidated. This study aimed to show the chronological effects on sperm quality of HS during spermatogenesis and sperm maturation until recovery of the seminiferous epithelium in Nellore bulls. Read More

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Paternal Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Radiation Exposure Causes Sex-Specific Differences in Body Weight Trajectory and Glucose Metabolism in Offspring Mice.

Front Public Health 2022 6;10:872198. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Tangdu Hospital, Air Force Medical University, Xi'an, China.

Nowadays, concerns about the harmful effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) on male fertility and offspring health are growing. In the present study, we investigated the effects of long-term exposure (at least 10 weeks) to the RF-EMR [2.0 GHz; power density, 2. Read More

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A Post-Aspiration Giant Spermatocele in a Young Man: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Clin Med Insights Case Rep 2022 13;15:11795476221097218. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Urology, Bahari Faculty of Medicine, Khartoum Bahari, Sudan.

We report a case of a post-aspiration giant unilocular spermatocele in a young man. A 27-year-old man sought medical advice for a huge right scrotal swelling. The swelling first appeared following scrotal trauma and was aspirated. Read More

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Traumatic testicular dislocation: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 May 6;101(18):e29137. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Introduction: Traumatic testicular dislocation is an uncommon complication of blunt scrotal injury and is easily overlooked because of the presence of other severe accompanying injuries. In most cases, an operation is needed for the prevention of malignant change or infertility.

Patient Concerns And Diagnosis: We report a case of traumatic testicular dislocation with pelvic fracture and internal bleeding in a 27-year-old male with testis rupture after a motorcycle collision. Read More

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Segmental testicular infarct with an associated testicular artery aneurysm: Case report of a rare clinical entity.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 Jun 13;17(6):2150-2154. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Department of Radiology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242-1077, USA.

Segmental testicular infarct is a rare clinical entity and can be a diagnostic challenge. Although cases are often idiopathic, underlying etiologies can include testicular torsion, epididymo-orchitis, trauma, vasculitis, and hypercoagulable states. Once suspected, an underlying testicular neoplasm should be excluded. Read More

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Testicular ischemia as a result of an incarcerated inguinal hernia containing omentum: a two-case series.

J Surg Case Rep 2022 Apr 18;2022(4):rjac176. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Department of Urology, Mackay Base Hospital, Mackay, QLD, Australia.

Acute scrotal pain is a very common presentation to the emergency room. The most important pathology we must exclude is testicular infarction or testicular ischemia. Here we describe two rare cases of acute scrotum where incarcerated inguinal hernias containing omentum resulted in testicular ischemia/infarction. Read More

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Sertoli cell transplantation attenuates microglial activation and inhibits TRPC6 expression in neuropathic pain induced by spinal cord injury.

Physiol Behav 2022 07 12;251:113807. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Physiology Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Center for experimental and comparative study, Iran university of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Cell therapy is a promising treatment method for relieving neuropathic pain caused by spinal cord injuries (SCI). Sertoli cells (SCs) are an attractive choice given their demonstrated secretion of growth factors and immunosuppressant effect. This study mechanistically characterizes the analgesic effect of SCs transplantation. Read More

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Lactic acid bacteria alleviate di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate-induced liver and testis toxicity via their bio-binding capacity, antioxidant capacity and regulation of the gut microbiota.

Environ Pollut 2022 Jul 1;305:119197. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, PR China; School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, PR China; National Engineering Research Center for Functional Food, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, PR China.

Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a plasticiser that, if absorbed into the human body, can cause various adverse effects including reproductive toxicity, liver toxicity and gut microbiota dysbiosis. So far, some studies have proved that the toxicity of DEHP can be reduced by using antioxidants. However, these candidates all show potential side effects and cannot prevent the accumulation of DEHP in the body, making them unable to be used as a daily dietary supplement to relieve the toxic effects of DEHP. Read More

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Novel method of using angioembolization for treating testicular hemorrhage after blunt trauma.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 May 21;17(5):1692-1695. Epub 2022 Mar 21.

Department of Interventional Radiology, St. Joseph's University Medical Center, Paterson, NJ, USA.

Testicular or scrotal trauma is a rare form of trauma in the United States. Blunt trauma to the testicle can lead to testicular tunica albuginea rupture, testicle contusion, testicle hematoma, testicle torsion and epididymal injury. We report a case of a 48-year-old male patient who presented with right sided scrotal swelling and pain from a motorcycle collision. Read More

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Incidence of genitourinary injuries in pelvic fractures: A 12-year single-center retrospective study.

Neurourol Urodyn 2022 04 24;41(4):1025-1030. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Department of Urology, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the epidemiology of genitourinary injuries in pelvic fractures and elucidate the clinical outcomes of patients with pelvic fractures with and without genitourinary injuries at a tertiary trauma center in Japan.

Methods: Patients with pelvic fractures in our tertiary trauma center between May 2009 and April 2021 were retrospectively assessed. The patients' demographics, mechanism of injury, and hospital course details were collected. Read More

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The Role of Seminal Oxidative Stress Scavenging System in the Pathogenesis of Sperm DNA Damage in Men Exposed and Not Exposed to Genital Heat Stress.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 02 25;19(5). Epub 2022 Feb 25.

Institute of Human Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 60-479 Poznan, Poland.

Responding to the need for the verification of some experimental animal studies showing the involvement of oxidative stress in germ cell damage in the heat-induced testis, we investigated the possibility of a direct relationship between seminal oxidative stress markers (total antioxidant capacity, catalase activity, superoxide dismutase activity, and malondialdehyde concentration) and ejaculated sperm chromatin/DNA integrity (DNA fragmentation and chromatin condensation abnormalities) in distinct groups of men exposed and not exposed to prolonged scrotal hyperthermia. A statistical increase in the proportion of sperm with DNA fragmentation was observed in all the studied subgroups compared to the fertile men. In turn, the groups subjected to heat stress as professional drivers or infertile men with varicocele presented greater disturbances in the oxidative stress scavenging system than men not exposed to genital heat stress. Read More

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February 2022

Xanthogranulomatous epididymo-orchitis: A case report with review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Mar 12;92:106832. Epub 2022 Feb 12.

Kscien Organization, Hamdi Str, Azadi Mall, Sulaimani, Kurdistan, Iraq.

Introduction: Xanthogranulomatous orchitis is an extremely rare condition of the test is marked by the necrosis and effacement of testicular parenchyma by an inflammatory process. The current study aims to report a case of xanthogranulomatous epididymo-orchitis.

Case Report: A 35-year-old man presented with a history of recurrent attacks of dull pain and swelling of the right side of the scrotum for 3 weeks. Read More

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Immature Testicular Tissue Engineered from Weaned Mice to Adults for Prepubertal Fertility Preservation-An In Vivo Translational Study.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Feb 12;23(4). Epub 2022 Feb 12.

Division of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei 110, Taiwan.

Male pediatric survivors of cancers and bone marrow transplantation often require adjuvant chemoradiation therapy that may be gonadotoxic. The optimal methods to preserve fertility in these prepubertal males are still under investigation. This manuscript presents an in vivo experiment which involved transplantation of immature testicular tissues (ITT) from transgenic donor, to wild-type recipient mice. Read More

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February 2022

Alleviation of nicotine-induced reproductive disorder, clastogenicity, and histopathological alterations by fenugreek saponin bulk and nanoparticles in male rats.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2022 Jul 19;29(31):47488-47501. Epub 2022 Feb 19.

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, 12613, Egypt.

Nicotine is the most abundant ingredient in cigarette smoking and has serious side effects on the lung, heart, reproductive system, and many other human organs. Saponins extracted from many plants exhibit multiple biological actions such as anti-cancer effects. Therefore, the possible protective effect of fenugreek saponin (FS) and nanofenugreek saponin (NFS) against nicotine-induced toxicity in male rats was investigated in this study. Read More

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Testicular Rupture: The Other Nutcracker Syndrome.

Clin Med Insights Case Rep 2022 11;15:11795476211052416. Epub 2022 Feb 11.

Keesler Air Force Base, Biloxi, MS, USA.

Scrotal trauma is a rare incident but when it occurs it is typically among 6 to 12 years old boys. It is most commonly unilateral secondary to compression of the scrotal contents against the pubic bone. The majority of trauma to the scrotal region is blunt impact but serious injuries are rare despite the vulnerable position of the testicles. Read More

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February 2022

Splenogonadal fusion in an infant

Orv Hetil 2022 02 13;163(7):288-290. Epub 2022 Feb 13.

3 Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Klinikai Központ, Gyermekgyógyászati Klinika, Gyermek Manuális Tanszék Pécs Magyarország.

Összefoglaló. A splenogonadalis fúzió ritka fejlődési rendellenesség, melynek lényege az ivarmirigy (leggyakrabban a here) és a lépszövet rendellenes kapcsolódása. A szerzők egy féléves csecsemő esetét kívánják bemutatni, akinél már a megszületést követően észlelhető volt a bal oldali here megnagyobbodása. Read More

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February 2022

Male reproductive toxicity induced by Microcystin-leucine-arginine (MC-LR).

Toxicon 2022 Apr 10;210:78-88. Epub 2022 Feb 10.

Immunology and Reproduction Biology Laboratory & State Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science, Medical School, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, China; Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, China. Electronic address:

Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) has been identified to pose an increasing threat to the male reproductive system in vivo and in vitro studies with the objects like mammal animals, amphibians, aquatic organisms, etc. This review demonstrates the latest research advances of the male reproductive toxicity induced by MC-LR in detail, which mainly consists of two aspects, namely pathological injuries to testis and prostate, as well as the endocrine disruption. Apart from the direct toxicity to the male reproductive system, we also underline the transgenerational reproductive toxicity that prenatal exposure may pass on to male offspring. Read More

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Congenital Cryptorchidism Masquerading as Traumatic Dislocation of Testis.

J Emerg Trauma Shock 2021 Oct-Dec;14(4):243-245. Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Department of Urology, Grant Government Medical College and Sir JJ Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Traumatic dislocation of testis (TDT) is an uncommon event. During trauma, the cremasteric reflex can forcefully retract the testis out of the scrotal sac saving the testis from the injury. However, associated injuries in the form of skin degloving, penile avulsion, and amputation can be present. Read More

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December 2021

First Report of Testicular Replantation Following Wrong-Site Surgery.

Urology 2022 Jun 1;164:267-272. Epub 2022 Feb 1.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland OH.

Testicular replantation represents a unique circumstance. There are very few reports documenting their experience with testicle replantation and to the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first case that has been reported in the peer-reviewed literature following a wrong site surgery. Therefore, we detail our technique and outcome when faced with such a rare event. Read More

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Congenital anomalies-associated Riga-Fede disease as an early manifestation of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome: rare entities in the same pediatric patient-a case report.

BMC Oral Health 2022 02 2;22(1):26. Epub 2022 Feb 2.

Faculty of Dentistry, Oral Medicine, Periodontology, Diagnosis and Radiology Department, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

Background: Riga-Fede disease is a rare begnin disorder of the oral tissues, it can be associated with congenital anomalies and neurological disturbances. Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is a rare X-linked recessive disorder characterized by neurological and behavioral manifestations. A patient can rarely be diagnosed with both diseases in a lifetime. Read More

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February 2022

Regressed testicular germ cell tumour in a post-pubertal male.

Urol Case Rep 2022 May 7;42:101997. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Connolly Hospital, Blanchardstown, Dublin, Ireland, D15 X40D.

Testicular germ cell regression is a rare, generally metastatic phenomenon which describes the spontaneous, complete, or partial regression of a testicular germ cell tumour. As a result, studies have focused on defining specific histopathological criteria to establish if the resected testis is the primary source of the germ cell tumour. There are few publications which describe its presentation in the absence of distant metastases with elevated tumour markers and suspicious findings on testicular ultrasound. Read More

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Alternative splicing and MicroRNA: epigenetic mystique in male reproduction.

RNA Biol 2022 31;19(1):162-175. Epub 2021 Dec 31.

Institute of Reproductive Medicine, School of Medicine, Nantong University, Nantong, China.

Infertility is rarely life threatening, however, it poses a serious global health issue posing far-reaching socio-economic impacts affecting 12-15% of couples worldwide where male factor accounts for 70%. Functional spermatogenesis which is the result of several concerted coordinated events to produce sperms is at the core of male fertility, Alternative splicing and microRNA (miRNA) mediated RNA silencing (RNAi) constitute two conserved post-transcriptional gene (re)programming machinery across species. The former by diversifying transcriptome signature and the latter by repressing target mRNA activity orchestrate a spectrum of testicular events, and their dysfunctions has several implications in male infertility. Read More

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KR-31831 improves survival and protects hematopoietic cells and radiosensitive tissues against radiation-induced injuries in mice.

Biomed Pharmacother 2022 Feb 21;146:112350. Epub 2021 Dec 21.

Data Convergence Drug Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Daejeon 34114, Republic of Korea; Graduate School of New Drug Discovery and Development, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

This study explored the radioprotective effects and possible underlying mechanisms of KR-31831 against radiation-induced injury in a mouse model. KR-31831 (30 and 50 mg/kg) was administered to mice 24 h and 30 min before exposure to a single lethal or sublethal dose of whole-body irradiation (WBI) (7 or 4 Gy, respectively). These animals were then evaluated for changes in mortality, various hematological and biochemical parameters, and histological features in response to these treatments. Read More

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February 2022

Penetrating scrotal injury due to a bamboo stick in a child: A case report and literature review.

Urol Case Rep 2022 Mar 6;41:101976. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Department of Pediatric Urology, Abha Maternity and Child Hospital (AMCH), Abha, Saudi Arabia.

The penetrating scrotal trauma is rare in children. Due to low incidence of penetrating scrotal injuries in children, the evaluation and management of this type of injuries has not been well described. To prevent the long term sequalae and complications all such injuries require a prompt surgical exploration and management. Read More

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Letter to the Editor re 'Effects of hypothermia and pentoxifylline on the adnexal torsion/detorsion injuries in a rat testis model'.

Andrologia 2022 03 2;54(2):e14314. Epub 2021 Dec 2.

School of Medicine, Department of Histology and Embryology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

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The protective effect of metformin against testicular damage in diabetes and prostate cancer model.

Cell Biochem Funct 2022 Jan 29;40(1):60-70. Epub 2021 Nov 29.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey.

Individuals with diabetes have an increased risk of breast, colorectal, pancreatic and prostate cancer. Metformin, an oral biguanide used to treat diabetes, has anti-hyperglycaemic, anti-hyperinsulinemic and antioxidant activities. The effects of metformin on testicular tissue damage in cancer and diabetic + cancer rat models were evaluated histologically, immunohistochemically and biochemically. Read More

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January 2022

Natural products against cisplatin-induced male reproductive toxicity: A comprehensive review.

J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2022 Mar 24;36(3):e22970. Epub 2021 Nov 24.

Traditional Medicine and History of Medical Sciences Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Cisplatin is widely used as one of the most effective anticancer agents in the treatment of some neoplasms. Reproductive toxicity is the most common outcome associated with cisplatin testicular damage. Alternative natural medicines for treating male testicular disorders and infertility have received extensive attention in research. Read More

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