5,820 results match your criteria Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome

Synovial entrapment in alloplastic temporomandibular joint replacement.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Instituto Português da Face, Lisboa, Portugal.

Complications of alloplastic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) prostheses can lead to stress and anxiety for the patient and the surgical team, and prosthesis substitution is sometimes required. The aim of this case report is to describe the surgical finding of synovial entrapment with interposed fibrosis in a postoperative alloplastic TMJ revision, managed effectively with adequate surgical debridement. The authors believe that synovial entrapment needs to be considered as a possible postoperative complication of total joint replacement when no clear symptoms of infection, metal hypersensitivity, osteolysis, or heterotopic bone formation are present. Read More

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Anesthetic management of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome patient with Takayasu arteritis for capsulorrhaphy of the temporomandibular joint.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2021 Jan-Mar;37(1):136-137. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Orthopaedics, Command Hospital, Chandigarh, Punjab, India.

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Current advances and novel research on minimal invasive techniques for musculoskeletal disorders.

Dis Mon 2021 Jun 4:101210. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Frailty and Cognitive Impairment Research Group (FROG), University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain. Electronic address:

The present review summarized the current advances and novel research on minimal invasive techniques for musculoskeletal disorders. Different invasive approaches were proposed in the physical therapy field for the management of musculoskeletal disorders, such as ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle electrolysis, dry needling, acupuncture and other invasive therapy techniques, discussing about their worldwide status, safety and interventional ultrasound imaging. Indeed, dry needling may be one of the most useful and studies invasive physical therapy applications in musculoskeletal disorders of different body regions, such as back, upper limb, shoulder, arm, hand, pelvis, lower limb, neck, head, or temporomandibular joint, and multiple soreness location disorders, such as fibromyalgia. Read More

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Alloplastic Temporomandibular Joint Reconstruction in Congenital Craniofacial Deformities.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Feb 9. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

*Department of Plastic Surgery, Cleft Palate and Craniofacial Centre, Helsinki University Hospital, HUS †Helsinki Hospital, Helsinki ‡Päijät-Häme Joint Authority for Health and Wellbeing, Päijät-Häme Central Hospital, Lahti, Finland.

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) reconstruction with alloplastic prosthesis is a commonly performed procedure, which can be used as a treatment for improving pathologic conditions affecting the TMJ. Depending of the severity of the condition, the patient's ability to eat can be impaired, which in turn can affect their quality of life. Several syndromes can affect the patient's facial features, and some of those also affect TMJ's. Read More

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February 2021

Minimally invasive intraarticular platelet rich plasma injection for refractory temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome in comparison to arthrocentesis.

J Family Med Prim Care 2021 Jan 30;10(1):254-258. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

ESIC Dental College & Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Context: Internal derangements of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) with associated symptoms which do not respond to conservative therapies are refractory cases of temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome (TMD). Minimally invasive techniques like arthrocentesis and platelet rich plasma (PRP) injections are usually employed to improve TMJ symptoms and function in these cases.

Aims: To compare PRP with arthrocentesis for evaluating the effectiveness of PRP in relieving symptoms of refractory TMJ pain dysfunction syndrome. Read More

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January 2021

Neurophysiological aspects of isotonic exercises in temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome.

Codas 2021 14;33(3):e20190218. Epub 2021 May 14.

Programa de Pós-graduação de Processos Interativo de Órgãos e Sistemas, Departamento de Farmacologia e Fisiologia, Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal da Bahia - UFBA - Salvador (BA), Brasil.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the electroneurophysiological aspects of volunteers with temporomandibular disorders before and after performing isotonic exercises for pain relief and self-care guidelines.

Methods: The study was a parallel controlled randomized controlled trial under protocol 1,680,920. The inclusion criteria were age between 18 and 60 years, muscle temporomandibular dysfunction with or without limitation of mouth opening and self-reported pain with scores between 4 and 10. Read More

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Transitioning to chronic temporomandibular disorder pain: A combination of patient vulnerabilities and iatrogenesis.

J Oral Rehabil 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Biomedical Technologies, School of Dentistry, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

Background: Based on a variety of studies conducted in recent years, some of the factors that might contribute to the negative treatment responses of some TMD patients have been elucidated.

Methods: This paper describes known vulnerability factors that make individuals susceptible to developing temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), as well as those that contribute to the perpetuation of such problems. In addition, the topic of iatrogenesis is discussed as a major contributor to the negative outcomes that can be seen in this field. Read More

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Diagnostic correlation between clinical protocols and magnetic resonance findings in temporomandibular disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Oral Rehabil 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

Background: Our aim was to assess the diagnostic correlation between clinical protocols and magnetic resonance (MRI) findings in temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), including disc displacement with and without reduction (DDwR; DDwoR) and arthralgia.

Methods: A systematic review performed in two phases according to the PRISMA checklist. Specific indexing terms were used for search of studies assessing TMDs through clinical diagnostic protocols with the aid of Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMDs or Diagnostic Criteria for TMDs. Read More

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Gnathological and osteopathic treatments with digital evalua- tions before and after therapies: a case report of a patient with ehlers-danlos syndrome.

Clin Ter 2021 May;172(3):179-185

D, DDS, Full Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillo-facial Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Italy.

Background: Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are inherited connective tissue disorders, requiring specific care along with a multidisciplinary approach by an expert medical staff, as for both the diagnosis and the treatment management. Chronic generalized pain and musculoskeletal dysfunctions due to joint hypermobility are common traits. Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are among the most frequent complaints. Read More

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Are occlusal splints effective in reducing myofascial pain in patients with muscle-related temporomandibular disorders? A randomized-controlled trial.

Turk J Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Mar 4;67(1):32-40. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Dental School, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of upper Michigan occlusal splint (OS) compared to mandibular OS in terms of pain, range of motion (ROM), and muscle activity as assessed by surface electromyography (sEMG) in patients affected by muscle-related temporomandibular disorders (TMD).

Patients And Methods: In this randomized-controlled trial, a total of 40 adult patients (13 males, 27 females; mean age: 47.2±12. Read More

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Goldenhar Syndrome With Ankylosis of the Temporomandibular Joint: A Case Report.

Lauren M Partyka

A A Pract 2021 May 4;15(5):e01461. Epub 2021 May 4.

From the Department of Anesthesiology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.

Goldenhar syndrome, or oculoauriculovertebral dysplasia, represents approximately 10% of craniofacial microsomia anomalies. These patients have a variety of clinical features that are relevant to anesthesia providers, including a high-arched palate, mandibular hypoplasia, micrognathia, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) malformation. The oral manifestations of Goldenhar syndrome range from malocclusion to complex TMJ involvement. Read More

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[Methods of medical rehabilitation in the complex program therapy for patients with cervicobrachialgia caused by pathological dental occlusion].

Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult 2021 ;98(2):17-23

Dental Clinic No. 33, Moscow, Russia.

Chronic pain syndromes in the neck and shoulder girdle are one of the important clinical problems due to their high prevalence. In addition, it's of great interest to study the mutual influence of the musculoskeletal system pathology, balance organs and dentoalveolar system due to the possible negative impact of these structures on each other which surely affects the treatment timing and its results.

Objective: To develop a diagnostic algorithm and a comprehensive program for the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with cervicobrachialgia combined with pathological dental occlusion. Read More

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[The temporomandibular joint compromise as a cause of acute and chronic headaches and other otoneurological symptoms].

Semergen 2021 Apr 22;47(3):151-160. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Estomatología, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas, España.

Objectives: The aim of this work is to introduce a new condition within temporomandibular disorders, temporomandibular joint compromise (TMJC), a mandibular movement limiting disorder of extra-articular traumatic cause, and evaluate the response rate and safety of treatment. The limiting cause of mandibular movement is the lack of space between the mandibular ramus and maxilla. The main symptoms of TMJC include headache, dizziness, and tinnitus. Read More

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Temporomandibular disorders.

J Palmer J Durham

BJA Educ 2021 Feb 24;21(2):44-50. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

School of Dental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK.

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February 2021

Idiopathic Facial Pain Syndromes.

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2021 Feb;118(6):81-87

Institute of Systems Neurosciences, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany; Department of Periodontics, Preventive and Restorative Dentistry, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (MKG), University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Idiopathic facial pain syndromes are relatively rare. A uniform classification system for facial pain became available only recently, and many physicians and dentists are still unfamiliar with these conditions. As a result, patients frequently do not receive appropriate treatment. Read More

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February 2021

The Spectrum of Underlying Diseases in Children with Torticollis.

Turk Neurosurg 2021 ;31(3):389-398

Erciyes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Kayseri, Turkey.

Aim: To investigate the underlying conditions in children with torticollis.

Material And Methods: Between May 2016 and December 2019, 24 patients (10 girls and 14 boys; mean age, 8 years) presenting with twisted neck, neck pain, weakness of extremities, imbalance, and gait disorder were evaluated retrospectively.

Results: Five of the patients had cranial pathologies (cerebellar anaplastic ependymoma and medulloblastoma, brain stem glioma, atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor, and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis), and five of the patients had spinal pathologies (idiopathic intervertebral disc calcification, vertebral hemangiomatosis, compression fracture, multiple hereditary exostoses, and Langerhans cell histiocytosis at C4). Read More

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January 2021

Can Concomitant Masticatory Muscle Contraction Interfere with Temporomandibular Joint Arthralgia Evaluation?

J Oral Facial Pain Headache 2021 Winter;35(1):72-76

Aims: To investigate the effect of masticatory muscle contraction on the pressure pain threshold (PPT) of the lateral pole of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in patients with TMJ arthralgia and in asymptomatic individuals.

Methods: A total of 72 individuals divided into two groups (group 1: patients with unilateral TMJ arthralgia [n = 36]; group 2: control group, asymptomatic individuals [n = 36]) were compared. The PPT of the lateral pole of the TMJ with and without concomitant masticatory muscle contraction was determined using a digital algometer in both groups. Read More

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[Positional vertigo variant].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2021 ;121(2):88-91

Central Research Institute for Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery, Moscow, Russia.

The article describes case history and multiphase treatment of the patient with attacks of vertigo, initially regarded as the onset of Meniere's disease, but later qualified as secondary positional attacks with combined musculoskeletal pathology of the craniovertebral region and temporomandibular joint. Medicinal, local and surgical treatment led to the perfect result. Thus, the team work of neurologist, otolaryngologist, maxillofacial surgeon and orthodontist led to the successful elimination of vertigo attacks. Read More

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Botulinum toxin treatment of temporomandibular joint pain in patients with bruxism: A prospective and randomized clinical study.

D I Kaya H Ataoglu

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Mar;24(3):412-417

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Bruxism is a parafunctional habit, usually performed in sleep, by rhythmic and involuntary teeth being squeezed or squeaked. The most common methods of treatment are the use of occlusal splints.

Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of occlusal splinting with botulinum toxin administration in the treatment of TMJ pain. Read More

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The role of double-step advancement genioplasty and bilateral coronoidectomy in Nager Syndrome: A case report.

Spec Care Dentist 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Hospital for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, University of São Paulo, Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil.

Aim: To report the surgical management of bilateral mandibular coronoid processes hyperplasia and mandibular retrognathism associated with trismus and convex facial profile in an individual diagnosed with Nager syndrome (NS).

Case Report: A 21 years old female was referred to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, presenting limited mouth opening and an unpleasant convex facial profile. The tomography exhibited hyperplasia of mandibular coronoid processes with no evidence of intracapsular ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint. Read More

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Pain catastrophising in the oro-facial pain population.

J Oral Rehabil 2021 Jun 29;48(6):643-653. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Postgraduate Dental College, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Background: Pain catastrophising is a maladaptive cognitive response characterised by an exaggerated negative interpretation of pain experiences. It has been associated with greater disability and poorer outcomes in chronic pain, to include several specific oro-facial pain conditions. The goal of this study was to examine pain catastrophising at a military oro-facial pain specialty clinic. Read More

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The effectiveness of manual therapy applied to craniomandibular structures in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders: protocol for a systematic review.

Syst Rev 2021 03 8;10(1):70. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Centre of Precision Rehabilitation for Spinal Pain (CPR Spine), School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK.

Background: The term temporomandibular disorder (TMD) includes disorders of the temporomandibular joints (TMJ), masticatory muscles and adjacent tissues. Several studies have examined the effectiveness of manual therapy (MT) for TMDs by evaluating changes in pain and maximum mouth opening (MMO). Nevertheless, the effectiveness of MT exclusively applied to the craniomandibular structures (craniomandibular manual therapy (CMMT)) on pain and TMJ range of motion remains unclear. Read More

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Frequent and Persistent Salivary Gland Ectasia and Oral Disease After COVID-19.

J Dent Res 2021 05 3;100(5):464-471. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy.

The clinical picture of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in various target organs has been extensively studied and described. However, relatively little is known about the characteristics of oral cavity involvement. This is surprising, considering that oral mucosal and salivary gland cells are known targets for the direct replication of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and that the presence of the virus in saliva is a source of transmission of the infection. Read More

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Association of estrogen receptor alpha 1 and TMJ dysfunction: A pilot study.

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2021 Apr 28;131(4):e89-e94. Epub 2020 Nov 28.

Full Professor, School of Medicine, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUCPR), Curitiba-PR, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a multifactorial condition and the most common cause of orofacial pain, affecting mostly women, which points to a female hormone predilection. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the association between TMD and estrogen receptor alpha 1 expression in disks of patients with TMD and condyle fracture (CFx).

Study Design: Forty specimens (from 27 patients) included n = 8 CFx, n = 21 anterior disk displacement with reduction (ADDwR), and n = 11 anterior disk displacement without reduction (ADDwoR). Read More

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Congenital Maxillomandibular Syngnathia: Review of Literature and Proposed New Classification System.

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2021 Mar 20;20(1):19-36. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

Unit of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oral Health Sciences Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160012 India.

Purpose: Maxillomandibular fusion (syngnathia) is a rare craniofacial anomaly. It occurs as either fibrous (synechiae) or bony (synostosis) fusion of jaw or fusion of mandible to zygoma, tuberosity, hard palate and temporal bone. There are several documentations delineating this condition but owing to its varying presentation, association with both intraoral and extraoral anomalies and syndromes, reviewing it has been as uphill task. Read More

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[Endometriosis and chronic overlapping pain conditions].

Winfried Häuser

Schmerz 2021 Jun 11;35(3):179-182. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Medizinisches Versorgungszentrum für Schmerzmedizin und seelische Gesundheit Saarbrücken - St. Johann, Saarbrücken, Deutschland.

Background: The concept of chronic overlapping pain conditions (COPC) is relatively unknown in German pain medicine.

Aims: Definition, prevalence, shared etiological and pathophysiological mechanisms of COPC. Summary of recommendations of the interdisciplinary S2k guidelines on diagnostics and treatment of endometriosis relevant for pain physicians. Read More

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The association between exposure to domestic abuse in women and the development of syndromes indicating central nervous system sensitization: A retrospective cohort study using UK primary care records.

Eur J Pain 2021 Feb 8. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Institute of Applied Health Research, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Background: Domestic abuse is a global public health issue. The association between the development of central sensitivity syndromes (CSS) and previous exposure to domestic abuse has been poorly understood particularly within European populations.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study using the 'The Health Improvement Network,' (UK primary care medical records) between 1st January 1995-31st December 2018. Read More

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February 2021

Single portal arthroscopic temporomandibular joint discopexy: Technique and results.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2021 Mar 19;49(3):171-176. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain. Electronic address:

The aim of the present study is to assess the outcomes of monoportal arthroscopic disc repositioning (discopexy) for disc displacement of the temporomandibular joint. A retrospective, single-institutional clinical study included patients with temporomandibular joint internal derangements diagnosed and treated by monoportal discopexy. Each patient was diagnosed as having anterior disk displacement with or without reduction. Read More

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Tuina therapy for temporomandibular joint disorder syndrome: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jan;100(3):e24202

Chenzhou No.1 People's Hospital, Chenzhou, Hunan province, China.

Background: Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) is common in clinic at present, which seriously affects the mental health and quality of life of patients. With the development of society, the incidence of TMD is gradually increasing. At present, there are many treatment methods, Tuina as a characteristic traditional Chinese medicine therapy, clinical treatment of TMD has a significant effect. Read More

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January 2021