[Polymyalgia rheumatica: diagnostic and therapeutic issues of an apparently straightforward disease.]
Recenti Prog Med 2017 May;108(5):221-231
SC Reumatologia, Dipartimento Apparato Locomotore, ASL3 "Genovese" - Laboratorio di Autoimmunologia, Dipartimento di Medicina Interna (DiMI), Università di Genova.
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is an inflammatory disease characterized by aching and stiffness in the girdles, which affects typically people over 50 years old and could overlap with giant cell arteritis (GCA) in about 15-20% of cases. Although the diagnosis of PMR is usually considered straightforward, clinicians facing this disease should be aware of its atypical manifestations, which can hamper the correct identification of PMR and, conversely, should be aware of other diseases which may present with polymyalgic features. The aim of this review is to synthetize current knowledge about clinical presentations of PMR, the differential diagnoses, the relationship with cancer, the clues to the presence of a concomitant GCA, the role of ultrasonography at the onset and in the follow-up and, finally, treatment approaches. Read More