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    Localized Telogen Effluvium Following Hair Transplantation.
    Ann Dermatol 2018 Apr 21;30(2):214-217. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
    Telogen effluvium is categorized in nonscarring alopecia, which shows scalp hair thinning and shedding diffusely resulting from inducing factors such as physiological stressful events and several acute or chronic diseases. It usually appears in female patients following parturition, as well as after febrile disease, major surgery, emotional stress, abrupt diet, chronic illness, or the taking of certain medication pills. Two patients who both recalled an operational history of hair transplantation visited our department with their frontal and both temporal hair loss. Read More

    Horizontal and vertical sections of scalp biopsy specimens from dermatomyositis patients with scalp involvement.
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami L Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida. Electronic address:
    Background: The histologic findings of scalp involvement in dermatomyositis are not well characterized on account of a lack of large series.

    Objective: To systematize the histologic features of scalp involvement in dermatomyositis on horizontal and vertical sections.

    Methods: A descriptive, prospective, cross-sectional study recruited 31 patients with pathologically and serologically confirmed dermatomyositis in Mexico City, Mexico, from June 2014 to June 2015. Read More

    Naked Hair Shafts as a Marker of Cicatricial Alopecia.
    Am J Dermatopathol 2017 Dec 28. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Departments of Dermatology, and.
    Naked hair shafts (NHS) are free-floating hair shafts devoid of surrounding epithelium, supporting structures, and/or embedded in inflammation that may result from destruction of hair follicles by scarring processes such as inflammation and fibroplasia. Extensive examination of NHS has not been performed in scalp biopsies of alopecia. We retrospectively evaluated 622 scalp biopsies of alopecia [345 cicatricial alopecias (central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia, lichen planopilaris, discoid lupus erythematosus, acne keloidalis nuchae, and folliculitis decalvans] and 277 non-cicatricial alopecias [alopecia areata, androgenic alopecia, telogen effluvium, and psoriatic alopecia)] for the presence of NHS. Read More

    Physiologic changes of pregnancy: A review of the literature.
    Int J Womens Dermatol 2017 Dec 21;3(4):219-224. Epub 2017 Oct 21.
    Department of Dermatology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Redwood City, CA.
    Throughout pregnancy, the body undergoes a variety of physiologic changes. The cutaneous findings can be most noticeable and often worrisome to both physicians and patients. Obstetricians and dermatologists must be able to differentiate between changes that are benign and those that may be pathologic. Read More

    The Role of Vitamin D in Non-Scarring Alopecia.
    Int J Mol Sci 2017 Dec 7;18(12). Epub 2017 Dec 7.
    Chair and Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Paediatric Dermatology, Medical University of Lublin, Radziwiłłowska 13, 20-080 Lublin, Poland.
    Non-scarring hair loss is a common problem that affects both male and female patients. Since any disturbances in the hair follicle cycle may lead to hair shedding, or alopecia, it is not surprising that the possible role of vitamin D in alopecia was investigated in many studies. Vitamin D has been shown to have many important functions. Read More

    Syphilitic Alopecia: Case Reports and Trichoscopic Findings.
    Skin Appendage Disord 2017 Oct 17;3(4):222-224. Epub 2017 Jun 17.
    University of Miami, Miller Medical School, Miami, FL, USA.
    There has been a resurgence of syphilis in the last decade. Although alopecia is not a common manifestation of the disease, the "moth-eaten" pattern is considered patognomonic. However, diffuse hair loss, termed essential alopecia, sometimes can be the only sign of syphilis infection and mimic other conditions, such as alopecia areata and telogen effluvium. Read More

    Exogen Hairs in Women with and without Hair Loss.
    Skin Appendage Disord 2017 Oct 12;3(4):193-196. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Dermatologic Clinic, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
    Contrary to the classical view of the hair cycle, in which telogen is the resting phase that precedes the release of the hair shaft, another phase has been introduced, exogen. Exogen is the phase wherein the processes for the release of the hair shaft are initiated and successfully executed. Exogen ends when the shaft is liberated. Read More

    Treatment of chronic telogen effluvium with oral minoxidil: A retrospective study.
    F1000Res 2017 6;6:1650. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Sinclair Dermatology, East Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    : Chronic telogen effluvium (CTE) may be primary or secondary to various causes, including drug reaction, nutritional deficiency and female pattern hair loss (FPHL).  Oral minoxidil stimulates hair growth, and topical minoxidil is used in the treatment of FPHL and male androgenetic alopecia. minoxidil has not been used to treat CTE. Read More

    Three Cases of Hair Loss Analyzed by the Point of View of the Analytical Psychology.
    Int J Trichology 2017 Oct-Dec;9(4):177-180
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Pontifícia universidade Católica de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Psychotrichology is the science, which covers the psychosomatics applied to hair problems, i.e., body-psyche phenomena involving scalp and hair disorders. Read More

    Syphilitic alopecia: uncommon trichoscopic findings.
    Dermatol Pract Concept 2017 Jul 31;7(3):55-59. Epub 2017 Jul 31.
    Dermatology Unit, Department of Medical, Surgical and Neuro Sciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
    Syphilitic alopecia (SA) is considered an uncommon manifestation of secondary syphilis. SA can present in a diffuse form, resembling telogen effluvium, or in a moth-eaten form that mimics a variety of conditions (i.e. Read More

    Focal Atrichia: A Diagnostic Clue in Female Pattern Hair Loss.
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2017 Oct 7. Epub 2017 Oct 7.
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC; Hair and Skin Research and Treatment Center, Dallas, Texas.
    Background: Focal atrichia is a common clinical finding in female pattern hair loss whose specificity and histologic findings need further clarification.

    Objective: To determine the frequency of focal atrichia in various types of hair loss and its histologic characteristics in female pattern hair loss.

    Methods: Part 1: Review of 250 consecutive female patients seen with hair loss for the presence of focal atrichia and Part 2: paired biopsies of haired areas vs focal atrichia in 18 subjects with female pattern hair loss RESULTS: Focal atrichia was seen in 46/104 (44%) of women with female pattern hair loss, including 67% of late onset vs 15% of early onset, compared to 3/146 (2%) of those with other hair disorders Biopsy findings of focal atrichia in female pattern hair loss showed primarily a more progressive miniaturization process than that of haired areas of the scalp. Read More

    Prevalence of Nutritional Deficiencies in Hair Loss among Indian Participants: Results of a Cross-sectional Study.
    Int J Trichology 2017 Jul-Sep;9(3):101-104
    Department of Dermatology, Hairline International Hair Clinic, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
    Background: Nutritional deficiencies are known to be associated with hair loss; however, the exact prevalence is not known.

    Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of nutritional deficiencies in participants with hair loss.

    Materials And Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 100 enrolled participants were divided into telogen effluvium (TE), male-pattern hair loss (MPHL), and female-pattern hair loss (FPHL) based on the type of hair loss. Read More

    Hair Loss: Common Causes and Treatment.
    Am Fam Physician 2017 Sep;96(6):371-378
    Washington Health Systems Family Medicine Residency, Washington, PA, USA.
    Hair loss is often distressing and can have a significant effect on the patient's quality of life. Patients may present to their family physician first with diffuse or patchy hair loss. Scarring alopecia is best evaluated by a dermatologist. Read More

    Elastic Staining in Differentiating Between Follicular Streamers and Follicular Scars in Horizontal Scalp Biopsy Sections.
    Am J Dermatopathol 2018 Apr;40(4):254-258
    Dermatology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL.
    Background: Accurate identification of follicular streamers versus follicular scars on horizontal scalp biopsy sections is important to differentiate between cicatricial and noncicatricial alopecias. However, distinguishing between them can be difficult especially in nonoptimal specimens. The utility of elastic Verhoeff-Van Gieson (EVG) stain in cicatricial alopecias has been described on vertical sections, but its evaluation on horizontal sections has not been performed. Read More

    Presence of Mast Cells and Mast Cell Degranulation in Scalp Biopsies of Telogen Effluvium.
    Int J Trichology 2017 Jan-Mar;9(1):25-29
    Department of Dermatology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA.
    Background: Telogen effluvium (TE) is a type of acquired, diffuse alopecia that occurs due to an abnormal shift of scalp hair follicles from anagen to telogen, leading to premature shedding of hair. Previous studies have suggested the existence of a neuroimmunologic "brain-hair follicle" axis, in which mast cells have been implicated as an important link between the nervous system and immunologic system.

    Objective: The current study sought to investigate the role of mast cell presence and mast cell degranulation in the pathogenesis of TE. Read More

    [Mesotherapy in trichology].
    Cas Lek Cesk 2017 ;156(3):145-146
    Mesotherapy (from Greek meso = in between, therapeia = treat) is a non-surgical, mostly cosmetic therapy, where active substances are injected intradermally into a depth of about 4 mm. It is an effective and easy-to-use method in the treatment of alopecia. It is effective both in the therapy of androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium. Read More

    Intermittent Chronic Telogen Effluvium.
    Skin Appendage Disord 2017 Mar 28;3(1):36-38. Epub 2017 Jan 28.
    University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
    Chronic telogen effluvium is most often intermittent, alternating periods of spontaneous remissions with episodes of unexplained relapses. This article reports the case of a male who was able to graphically depict the sequence of emotional events and the corresponding severity of his telogen effluvium during 31 months. The case is interesting as it documents for the first time the intermittency of chronic telogen effluvium and the pathogenetic role of emotional strains, and it stresses the importance of the modified wash test in evaluating the severity of hair shedding. Read More

    Common Allergens Identified Based on Patch Test Results in Patients with Suspected Contact Dermatitis of the Scalp.
    Skin Appendage Disord 2017 Mar 17;3(1):7-14. Epub 2016 Dec 17.
    Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.
    Background: Contact dermatitis of the scalp is common and might be caused by many chemicals including metals, ingredients of shampoos and conditioners, dyes, or other hair treatments. Eliciting a careful history and patch tests are necessary to identify the responsible allergen and prevent relapses.

    Objectives: To identify allergens that may cause contact dermatitis of the scalp by reviewing patch test results. Read More

    Frequency, severity and related factors of androgenetic alopecia in dermatology outpatient clinic: hospital-based cross-sectional study in Turkey.
    An Bras Dermatol 2017 Jan-Feb;92(1):35-40
    Department of Dermatology - Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital - Istanbul, Turkey.
    Background:: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a patterned hair loss occurring due to systemic androgen and genetic factors. It is the most common cause of hair loss in both genders. In recent years, many studies investigating the relation between systemic diseases and androgenetic alopecia presented controversial results. Read More

    The Hair Shedding Visual Scale: A Quick Tool to Assess Hair Loss in Women.
    Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2017 Mar 20;7(1):155-165. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1475 NW 12th Avenue Suite 2175, Miami, FL, USA.
    Introduction: Hair shedding is a common consequence of the normal hair cycle that changes with internal and external factors. Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is difficult to assess in terms of shedding severity as the conscious perception of hair shedding varies according to each individual, and most utilized methods are semi-invasive or very time consuming. In this study, we establish and validate a hair-shedding scale for women with thick hair of different lengths. Read More

    Hair pull test: Evidence-based update and revision of guidelines.
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2017 Mar 20;76(3):472-477. Epub 2016 Dec 20.
    Division of Dermatology, Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:
    Background: The hair pull test lacks validation and has unclear pretest guidelines.

    Objective: We sought to quantify normal hair pull test values and elucidate the effect of pretest hair washing and brushing. The impact of hair texture and lifestyle was also examined. Read More

    Proposing a Simpler Classification of Telogen Effluvium.
    Skin Appendage Disord 2016 Sep 18;2(1-2):35-38. Epub 2016 May 18.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.
    Telogen effluvium (TE) is a pathogenically heterogeneous condition which so far has been classified into acute and chronic forms - or, according to Headington, into 5 different pathogenetic forms. Regrettably, Headington's classification is difficult to apply in the office, and most papers dealing with TE ignore it. The present review intends to propose a novel classification of TE and to introduce, tentatively, a new variety of TE. Read More

    Traditional Anticoagulants and Hair Loss: A Role for Direct Oral Anticoagulants? A Review of the Literature.
    Drugs Real World Outcomes 2016 Mar;3(1):1-6
    King's Thrombosis Centre, Department of Haematological Medicine, King's College Hospital, London, UK.
    Hair loss is associated with the anticoagulants heparin and warfarin. With the recent availability of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) it is of clinical interest to know if they are implicated with hair loss and/or whether they could be successfully prescribed for patients who suffer from coumarin- or heparin-related alopecia. Initially reports of heparin- and coumarin-associated alopecia available through PubMed and Medline were explored in order to establish the cause of this side effect. Read More

    Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies in Patients With Telogen Effluvium: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2016 Oct;15(10):1235-1237
    Telogen effluvium is one of the most common forms of non-scarring alopecia for which patients present to a dermatologist. It is a challenging disorder to treat and study, primarily owing to its multifactorial etiology which includes both physiologic and non-physiologic factors. Nutritional deficiency has been purported to contribute to hair shedding, and a patient's clinical history usually aids in directing laboratory evaluation. Read More

    Eccrine Duct Dilation as a Marker of Cicatricial Alopecia.
    Am J Dermatopathol 2017 Sep;39(9):668-671
    Departments of *Pathology, and †Dermatology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL; and ‡Robert H. Lurie Cancer Center, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL.
    Background: Eccrine duct dilation (EDD) and syringoma-like sweat duct proliferation have been described as reactive changes occurring in a variety of skin conditions. However, extensive evaluation of EDD in scalp biopsies performed for alopecia has not been performed.

    Methods: We retrospectively examined 129 cases of cicatricial alopecia (lichen planopilaris, central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia, and discoid lupus erythematosus) and 130 cases of noncicatricial alopecias (androgenetic alopecia, telogen effluvium, and alopecia areata) for the presence of EDD. Read More

    Apoptosis May Explain the Pharmacological Mode of Action and Adverse Effects of Isotretinoin, Including Teratogenicity.
    Acta Derm Venereol 2017 Feb;97(2):173-181
    Department of Dermatology, Environmental Medicine and Health Theory, University of Osnabrück, DE-49076 Osnabrück, Germany.
    Isotretinoin (13-cis retinoic acid) is the most effective sebum-suppressive drug for the treatment of severe acne. Its effect depends on sebocyte apoptosis, which results from isotretinoin-induced expression of the apoptotic protein tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin. This review proposes that the pharmacological mode of action of isotretinoin in the treatment of severe acne, acute promyelocytic leukaemia, and neuroblastoma results from apoptosis. Read More

    Hormones and clocks: do they disrupt the locks? Fluctuating estrogen levels during menopausal transition may influence clock genes and trigger chronic telogen effluvium.
    Dermatol Online J 2016 May 15;22(5). Epub 2016 May 15.
    Departments of Dermatology: The Permanente Medical Group (Vallejo, CA), University of California, San Francisco, Case Western Reserve University.
    Chronic telogen effluvium describes the clinical condition noted mostly in middle-aged women of increased, diffuse scalp hair shedding that is prolonged and often presents with a fluctuating course that may continue for years but does not lead to visible hair thinning. Despite its description almost 20 years ago, the underlying pathologic cause of CTE is yet to be identified. However the culmination of research in the field of hair biology and the burgeoning field of chronobiology may lead to exciting breakthroughs in our understanding of CTE. Read More

    Dermoscopy in General Dermatology: A Practical Overview.
    Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2016 Dec 9;6(4):471-507. Epub 2016 Sep 9.
    Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Dermatology, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.
    Over the last few years, dermoscopy has been shown to be a useful tool in assisting the noninvasive diagnosis of various general dermatological disorders. In this article, we sought to provide an up-to-date practical overview on the use of dermoscopy in general dermatology by analysing the dermoscopic differential diagnosis of relatively common dermatological disorders grouped according to their clinical presentation, i.e. Read More

    Serum Biotin Levels in Women Complaining of Hair Loss.
    Int J Trichology 2016 Apr-Jun;8(2):73-7
    Center for Dermatology and Hair Diseases Professor Trüeb, Zurich-Wallisellen, Switzerland.
    Biotin is a coenzyme for carboxylase enzymes that assist various metabolic reactions involved in fatty acid synthesis, branched-chain amino acid catabolism, and gluconeogenesis important for maintenance of healthy skin and hair. Due to its availability, affordability, and effective marketing for this purpose, biotin is a popular nutritional supplement for treatment of hair loss. However, there are little data on the frequency of biotin deficiency in patients complaining of hair loss and on the value of oral biotin for treatment of hair loss that is not due to an inborn error of biotin metabolism or deficiency. Read More

    Female Pattern Hair Loss: A Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Referral Center.
    Int J Trichology 2016 Apr-Jun;8(2):57-61
    Department of Dermatology and Skin Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V5Z 4E8, Canada; Department of Dermatology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York City, New York, USA.
    Background: Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is a very common problem in women. The underlying pathophysiology remains unclear, and there are no universally agreed treatment guidelines.

    Objective: We explored the clinical features, relevant medical and family history, laboratory evaluation, and treatment and compliance of 210 patients with FPHL. Read More

    [Atypical scurvy associated with anorexia nervosa].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2017 Feb 5;144(2):125-129. Epub 2016 Aug 5.
    Service de médecine interne générale, hôpitaux universitaires de Genève, 1206 Genève, Suisse; Service de médecine interne, hôpital de la Tour, 1217 Meyrin-Genève, Suisse.
    Introduction: Scurvy, or "Barlow's disease", is a widely described disease involving cutaneous and mucosal lesions resulting from vitamin C deficiency. Herein, we report a case of scurvy in a 48-year-old woman that was unusual in its atypical cutaneous-mucosal presentation as well as its association with anorexia nervosa.

    Patients And Methods: A 48-year-old woman treated for depression for several years was admitted to hospital for her impaired general state of health. Read More

    Trichotillomania: Bizzare Patern of Hair Loss at 11-Year-old Girl.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Jun;24(2):150-3
    Jana Zímová, MD. Department of Dermatology. University Hospital Ostrava. 17. listopadu 1790. 708 52 Ostrava - Poruba. Czech Republic;
    Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). Read More

    The Postpartum Telogen Effluvium Fallacy.
    Skin Appendage Disord 2016 May 20;1(4):198-201. Epub 2016 Apr 20.
    Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Spain.
    Introduction: Postpartum telogen effluvium (PPTE) is a commonly described entity, but few studies deal with the real incidence and pathogenesis of this claimed common disease.

    Objective: To analyze the objective data published and to define the real incidence of the so-called PPTE.

    Method: A retrospective review of the published data was conducted. Read More

    Scalp Psoriasiform Contact Dermatitis with Acute Telogen Effluvium due to Topical Minoxidil Treatment.
    Skin Appendage Disord 2016 Feb 19;1(3):141-3. Epub 2015 Nov 19.
    Dermatology Division, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
    Topical minoxidil, the only approved treatment for female pattern hair loss (FPHL), has been associated with scalp allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). We report the case of 2 female patients who developed ACD from minoxidil solution with severe telogen effluvium and psoriasiform scalp dermatitis. Scalp dermoscopy was useful to identify the psoriasiform vascular pattern, whereas patch testing made it possible to differentiate the cause of sensitization. Read More

    ULBP3: a marker for alopecia areata incognita.
    Arch Dermatol Res 2016 Aug 3;308(6):415-21. Epub 2016 May 3.
    Dermatology and Venereology Department, Faculty of Medicine for Girls, Al Azhar University, 3 El-Sherkah El-Porsaeedeya, Ard Elgolf, Heliopolis, Cairo, 11361, Egypt.
    Alopecia areata incognita (AAI) is a type of diffuse hair fall with no confirmatory diagnostic test. The UL16 binding protein-3 (ULBP3) is ligands for natural-killer group 2, member D (NKG2D) receptor. It is a key regulator of both innate and adaptive immune responses. Read More

    Traditional Anticoagulants and Hair Loss: A Role for Direct Oral Anticoagulants? A Review of the Literature.
    Drugs Real World Outcomes 2016;3:1-6. Epub 2016 Jan 7.
    King's Thrombosis Centre, Department of Haematological Medicine, King's College Hospital, London, UK.
    Hair loss is associated with the anticoagulants heparin and warfarin. With the recent availability of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) it is of clinical interest to know if they are implicated with hair loss and/or whether they could be successfully prescribed for patients who suffer from coumarin- or heparin-related alopecia. Initially reports of heparin- and coumarin-associated alopecia available through PubMed and Medline were explored in order to establish the cause of this side effect. Read More

    Clinicoepidemiological Observational Study of Acquired Alopecias in Females Correlating with Anemia and Thyroid Function.
    Dermatol Res Pract 2016 20;2016:6279108. Epub 2016 Jan 20.
    Department of Dermatology, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College and Hospital and Research Centre, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra 411018, India.
    Alopecia can either be inherited or acquired; the latter, more common, can be diffuse, patterned, and focal, each having cicatricial and noncicatricial forms. This observational study of 135 cases in a semiurban Indian population aimed to detect the prevalence of various forms of acquired alopecia in females and correlate the same with levels of hemoglobin, serum ferritin, triiodothyronine, thyroxin, and thyroid stimulating hormone. The majority (84, 62. Read More

    Non-invasive method distinguishes chronic telogen effluvium from mild female pattern hair loss: clinicopathological correlation.
    Int J Dermatol 2016 Jul 29;55(7):e373-9. Epub 2015 Dec 29.
    Department of Pathology, Medical School, State University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
    Background: The distinction between chronic telogen effluvium (CTE) and female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is important because of their different prognosis and treatment. Non-invasive methods have been described to be useful in differentiating FPHL from CTE. This prospective study investigated the use of the washing method to differentiate CTE from mild FPHL. Read More

    Trichodynia: a review of the literature.
    Int J Dermatol 2016 Apr 23;55(4):382-4. Epub 2015 Dec 23.
    University of Genoa, Genova, Italy.
    Trichodynia designates a painful sensation on the scalp sometimes reported by patients with hair loss. Its best description dates back to 1960, when Sulzberger et al. (Arch Dermatol 1960; 81: 556-560) reported it in a proportion of women complaining of an unexplained diffuse alopecia. Read More

    Possible Relationship between Chronic Telogen Effluvium and Changes in Lead, Cadmium, Zinc, and Iron Total Blood Levels in Females: A Case-Control Study.
    Int J Trichology 2015 Jul-Sep;7(3):100-6
    Department of Dermatology, Andrology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, El-Gomhoria St., Mansoura, Egypt.
    Introduction: Hair loss is a common and distressing problem that can affect both males and females of all ages. Chronic telogen effluvium (CTE) is idiopathic diffuse scalp hair shedding of at least 6 months duration. Hair loss can be one of the symptoms of metal toxicity. Read More

    Trichoscopic Findings of Hair Loss in Koreans.
    Ann Dermatol 2015 Oct 2;27(5):539-50. Epub 2015 Oct 2.
    Department of Dermatology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
    Background: Trichoscopic findings of hair loss have been well described for the differential diagnosis of alopecia; however, critical findings were not thoroughly investigated or compared among all ethnic groups, including Asians.

    Objective: We aimed to find any characteristic trichoscopic findings in Korean alopecia patients and to verify whether those findings are closely related to previously reported observations.

    Methods: Three hundred and twenty-seven patients with hair loss of various causes and 160 normal scalps were analyzed. Read More

    Selected Disorders of Skin Appendages--Acne, Alopecia, Hyperhidrosis.
    Med Clin North Am 2015 Nov 4;99(6):1195-211. Epub 2015 Sep 4.
    Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Box 354697, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, 4th Floor, Seattle, WA 98105-6920, USA. Electronic address:
    This article reviewed some of the more common diseases of the skin appendages that are encountered in medicine: hyperhidrosis, acne, AA, FPHL, AGA, and TE. The pathophysiology behind the conditions and their treatments were discussed so that the clinician can make logical therapeutic choices for their affected patients. Read More

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