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    210 results match your criteria Tattoo Reactions

    1 OF 5

    Papulo-Nodular Reactions in Black Tattoos as Markers of Sarcoidosis: Study of 92 Tattoo Reactions from a Hospital Material.
    Dermatology 2017 Feb 7. Epub 2017 Feb 7.
    Wound Healing Centre, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Background/aims: Sarcoidosis is, from historical data, suggested to be more prevalent among patients with tattoo reactions. We aimed to evaluate this association in a systematic study.

    Methods: This is a consecutive study of patients with tattoo complications, diagnosed in the "Tattoo Clinic" at Bispebjerg University Hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark, from 2008 to 2015, based on clinical assessment and histology. Read More

    Growing trend of tattooing and its complications in Nigeria.
    Int J Dermatol 2017 Jan 31. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.
    Tattoo, a Polynesian word meaning 'to mark', is a form of body modification done by inserting indelible ink into the dermis to change its pigmentation. Tattoos are done for social, cultural, and religious purposes. It has been in existence since the 18th century and was associated with sailors, lower class individuals, and criminals. Read More

    Diffuse Urticarial Reaction Associated with Titanium Dioxide Following Laser Tattoo Removal Treatments.
    Photomed Laser Surg 2017 Jan 2. Epub 2017 Jan 2.
    2 Dermatology Residency, San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium (SAUSHEC) , San Antonio, Texas.
    Importance: Local and generalized allergic reactions following laser tattoo removal have been documented, but are rare. To our knowledge, this is the fourth documented case of widespread urticarial eruptions following laser tattoo removal treatment. Unlike previously documented cases, this patient's reaction was found to be associated with titanium dioxide within the tattoo and her symptoms were recalcitrant to medical therapy. Read More

    Classification of Tattoo Complications in a Hospital Material of 493 Adverse Events.
    Dermatology 2016 Dec 15. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    "Tattoo Clinic" at the Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Background/aims: Tattooing is a global trend. Clinical knowledge of complications is based on case reports collected over a century. Larger cohorts reflecting complications associated with contemporary trends are lacking. Read More

    Simulation of laser-tattoo pigment interaction in a tissue-mimicking phantom using Q-switched and long-pulsed lasers.
    Skin Res Technol 2016 Nov 20. Epub 2016 Nov 20.
    Department of Dermatology, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Background: Laser therapy is the treatment of choice in tattoo removal. However, the precise mechanisms of laser-tattoo pigment interactions remain to be evaluated.

    Methods: We evaluated the geometric patterns of laser-tattoo pigment particle interactions using a tattoo pigment-embedded tissue-mimicking (TM) phantom. Read More

    Severe Neck and Face Edema in an Adolescent-Delayed Hypersensitivity Reaction to Hair Dye.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2016 Oct 4. Epub 2016 Oct 4.
    From the *Department of Pediatric Allergy and †Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Dokuz Eylul University Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.
    Allergic contact reactions to hair dyes arise mostly due to sensitization to para-phenylenediamine (PPD). Para-phenylenediamine, a derivative of p-nitroanaline, is widely used as an oxydizable hair dye and is also found in black henna tattoo. Subsequent exposure to PPD may lead to delayed type IV hypersensitivity reaction manifesting as acute contact dermatitis. Read More

    Is blue dye still required during sentinel lymph node biopsy for breast cancer?
    Ecancermedicalscience 2016 19;10:674. Epub 2016 Sep 19.
    Division of Cancer Studies, King's College London, Guy's Hospital Campus, Great Maze Pond, London SE1 9RT, UK; Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, Great Maze Pond, London SE1 9RT, UK.
    Background: In early breast cancer, the optimal technique for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is the combined technique (radioisotope and Patent Blue V) which achieves high identification rates. Despite this, many centres have decided to stop using blue dye due to blue-dye-related complications (tattoo, anaphylaxis). We evaluated the SLNB identification rate using the combined technique with and without Patent Blue V and the blue-dye-related complication rates. Read More

    Tinea on a Tattoo.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):223-4
    Marius Irimie, MD, 40, Zizinului Street, Bl. 31, Sc. C, Ap. 2, 500414, Brasov, Romania;
    In the last twenty years, the prevalence of individuals with tattoos in the general population has increased in Europe (1) as well as in Australia (2) and the United States of America (3). A series of complications such as acute inflammatory reactions, allergic contact dermatitis (4,5), photoinduced, lichenoid, and granulomatous reactions (6, 7), pseudolymphoma (8), pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (9), skin infections (6), and skin cancers (10) may occur on tattoos. Infectious complications on tattoos include bacterial infections (pyoderma, leprosy, syphilis, cutaneous tuberculosis, mycobacteriosis) (11-14), viral infections (molluscum contagiosum, warts, herpes simplex, hepatitis B and C) (15-17), and fungal infections (sporotrichosis, dermatophytosis) (18,19). Read More

    A Case of Squamous Cell Carcinoma Developing Within a Red-Ink Tattoo.
    J Cutan Med Surg 2016 Sep 13. Epub 2016 Sep 13.
    Dermatology Department, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK.
    Cutaneous reactions to tattoos are well reported and include allergic reactions, infections, and foreign body granuloma or may be a presenting sign of sarcoidosis. There have been very few reported cases of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising in tattoo-treated skin. We report a case of SCC arising within a red-ink tattoo and discuss the potential the role of chronic low-grade inflammation in pathogenesis. Read More

    Cosmetic tattoo pigment reaction.
    Dermatol Online J 2016 Jul 15;22(7). Epub 2016 Jul 15.
    School of Medicine.
    BackgroundCutaneous reactions to tattoos are most commonly granulomatous or lichenoid.PurposeWe describe a woman who developed a lymphocytic reaction following a cosmetic tattoo procedure with black dye. The reaction occurred not only at the site of the tattoos (eyebrows and eyelash lines), but also in non-tattooed skin (bilateral malar cheeks). Read More

    Generalized eczematous reaction after fractional carbon dioxide laser therapy for tattoo allergy.
    J Cosmet Laser Ther 2016 Dec 13;18(8):456-458. Epub 2016 Oct 13.
    a Netherlands Institute for Pigment Disorders (SNIP), Department of Dermatology , Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam , Amsterdam , the Netherlands.
    Allergic tattoo reactions form a therapeutically difficult entity. Treatment with conventional quality-switched lasers does not completely remove the allergenic particles and may lead to generalized hypersensitivity reactions. Recently, ablative fractional laser therapy was introduced as a treatment for allergic tattoo removal. Read More

    Skin Care in the Tattoo Parlor: A Survey of Tattoo Artists in New York City.
    Dermatology 2016 9;232(4):484-9. Epub 2016 Jun 9.
    Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, N.Y., USA.
    To understand the role that tattooists play in providing skin care advice, we conducted an online, survey-based study of 90 licensed tattooists in New York City. The survey asked tattooists about their exposure to adverse tattoo events, advising on tattoo removal/correction, behaviors regarding preexisting skin conditions and aftercare, confidence in addressing client questions about adverse events and preexisting conditions, and prior training about skin conditions related to tattoos. Most tattooists (92. Read More

    Squamous cell carcinoma in association with a red tattoo.
    J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2016 Jun;14(6):604-9
    Institute of Pathology, Georgius Agricola Foundation Ruhr, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany.
    Background And Objectives: Although tattoos have become exceedingly popular in recent years, only few cases of severe reactions leading to malignant transformation have been reported in the literature. This stands in contrast to the virtually innumerable number of tattoos worldwide. The composition of tattoo dyes is highly variable, and even the same colors may contain different compounds. Read More

    [Extended abstractCutaneous Adverse Reactions to Tattoos].
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2016 ;160(0):A9808
    VU medisch centrum, afd. Dermatologie, Amsterdam.
    Introduction: Tattooing involves the introduction of exogenous pigment into the dermis. Worldwide, tattoos are one of the most popular forms of permanent body art. In the Netherlands, 8-10% of the population older than 12 years old has a tattoo. Read More

    [Tattoo skin reactions: Management and treatment algorithm].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2016 Jun-Jul;143(6-7):436-45. Epub 2016 May 12.
    Department of dermatology, university of Helsinki, skin and allergies hospital, Helsinki university central hospital, Meilahdentie 2, PO 160 00029, HUS, Finlande. Electronic address:
    So-called "allergic" reactions to ink or colouring agents constitute the main current complication associated with tattoos that lead individuals to consult. However, general practitioners are frequently at a loss about how to manage such complications. In order to assist clinicians in their daily practice, we propose an update of the modes of managing allergic reactions to tattoos, and we offer a therapeutic scale and a decision-making algorithm. Read More

    [Para-phenylenediamine allergic contact dermatitis due to henna tattoos in a child and adolescent population].
    An Pediatr (Barc) 2016 May 9. Epub 2016 May 9.
    Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, España.
    Introduction: Henna tattoos are a very common practice in the adolescent population. Henna is very often admixed with para-phenylenediamine (PPDA) to improve the appearance of the tattoo. PPDA is a potent allergen, and is a frequent cause of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). Read More

    Cutaneous and systemic complications associated with tattooing.
    Presse Med 2016 Jun 6;45(6 Pt 1):567-76. Epub 2016 May 6.
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki University Central Hospital, dermatology, allergology and venereology, Meilahdentie 2, P.O. Box 160, FI-00029 HUS, Finland. Electronic address:
    Tattooing can result in a wide variety of complications, whose prevalence and incidence remain still unclear. Hypersensitivity reactions (or allergies) to tattoo pigments are currently the most common complication on a tattoo, however they are not predictable. Infections are nowadays directly related to the lack of asepsis and hygiene during the tattooing procedure or during the healing phase. Read More

    Allergic reactions in red tattoos: Raman spectroscopy for 'fingerprint' detection of chemical risk spectra in tattooed skin and culprit tattoo inks.
    Skin Res Technol 2016 Nov 14;22(4):460-469. Epub 2016 Mar 14.
    Department of Dermatology, The "Tattoo Clinic", Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of Raman spectroscopy as a screening technique for chemical characterisation of tattoo pigments in pathologic reacting tattoos and tattoo ink stock products to depict unsafe pigments and metabolites of pigments.

    Materials/methods: Twelve dermatome shave biopsies from allergic reactions in red tattoos were analysed with Raman spectroscopy (A 785-nm 300 mW diode laser). These were referenced to samples of 10 different standard tattoo ink stock products, three of these identified as the culprit inks used by the tattooist and thus by history the source of the allergy. Read More

    Patterns of Reactions to Red Pigment Tattoo and Treatment Methods.
    Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2016 Mar 14;6(1):13-23. Epub 2016 Mar 14.
    Dermatological Surgery and Laser Unit, St John's Institute of Dermatology, St Thomas' Hospital, Westminster Bridge Road, London, SE1 7EH, UK.
    Tattoos are common and used extensively as either body art or cosmetic make-up; more rarely, they can be traumatic in nature. We have systemically analysed the literature for the patterns of red pigment tattoo reactions and their treatment options. Our search identified 18 articles; there was 1 non-randomised controlled trial, and the rest were small case studies. Read More

    The lady with the dragon tattoo.
    Ir J Med Sci 2016 Mar 9. Epub 2016 Mar 9.
    Department of Medicine, St Vincent's University Hospital and University College Dublin (UCD), Elm Park, Dublin 4, Ireland.
    Background: Though the skin is affected in sarcoidosis in about one-third of cases, granulomatous tattoo reactions are an unusual manifestation of the disease. It is important phenomenon to recognize, as it frequently leads to the diagnosis of systemic sarcoidosis.

    Case Presentation: A 35-year-old Caucasian female with multiple tattoos presented with a 5-week history of tenderness of the black dye in a tattoo depicting a dragon. Read More

    Medical Complications of Tattoos: A Comprehensive Review.
    Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 2016 Apr;50(2):273-86
    Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of California at Davis School of Medicine, 451 Health Sciences Drive, Suite 6510, Davis, CA, 95616, USA.
    Tattoos are defined as the introduction of exogenous pigments into the dermis in order to produce a permanent design. This process may occur unintentional or may be deliberately administered for cosmetic or medical reasons. Tattoos have been around for over 5000 years and over time have evolved to represent a common cosmetic practice worldwide. Read More

    Chemical research on red pigments after adverse reactions to tattoo.
    Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol 2016 Mar;48(2):46-8
    Dermatology Unit, NESMOS Department, S. Andrea Hospital, University of Rome "Sapienza", Italy.
    Currently, the incidence of tattooing is on the rise compared to the past, especially among adolescents, and it leads to the urgency of monitoring the security status of tattooing centers, as well as to inform people about the risks of tattoo practice. In our clinical experience, 20% of tattooed patients presented adverse reactions, like allergic contact dermatitis, psoriasis with Koebner's phenomena and granulomatous reactions, with the latter most prevalent and most often related to red pigment. Adverse reactions to tattoo pigments, especially the red one, are well known and described in literature. Read More

    Complications of decorative tattoo.
    Clin Dermatol 2016 Mar-Apr;34(2):287-92. Epub 2015 Jul 11.
    Divisions of Dermatology and Dermatopathology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address:
    Decorative tattoo is a popular practice that is generally safe when performed in the professional setting but can be associated with a variety of inflammatory, infectious, and neoplastic complications, risks that may be increased with current trends in home tattooing. Modern tattoo inks contain azo dyes and are often of unknown composition and not currently regulated for content or purity. Biopsy of most (if not all) tattoo reactions presenting to the dermatologist is recommended, given recent clusters of nontuberculous mycobacterial infections occurring within tattoo, as well as associations between tattoo reactions and systemic diseases such as sarcoidosis. Read More

    Pseudoepitheliomatous Hyperplasia in a Red Pigment Tattoo: A Separate Entity or Hypertrophic Lichen Planus-like Reaction?
    J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2015 Dec;8(12):48-52
    Ackerman Academy of Dermatopathology, New York, New York.
    Red pigment tattoos are known to cause pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia in the skin, frequently simulating squamous cell carcinoma or keratoacanthoma. Herein, the authors present two additional cases of red pigment tattoo pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia in which they noted a lichenoid tissue reaction. They reviewed the previously published cases and observed a lichenoid reaction in the histopathological images similar to hypertrophic lichen planus. Read More

    Successful removal of hyperkeratotic-lichenoid reaction to red ink tattoo with preservation of the whole tattoo using a skin grafting knife.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat 2015 ;24(4):81-2
    Zdrav Splet private clinic, Maribor, Slovenia. Corresponding author:
    With the increasing popularity of tattoo body decorations, reports of medical complications with tattoos have increased in parallel. Although tattoo reactions can resolve spontaneously, they often last for months or even years, despite the various treatment methods. In our case, we present the successful removal of hyperkeratotic-lichenoid reaction to red ink using a simple and cheap skin grafting knife. Read More

    Self-reported tattoo reactions in a cohort of 448 French tattooists.
    Int J Dermatol 2016 Jul 24;55(7):764-8. Epub 2015 Oct 24.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: Self-reported complaints in people having tattoos, including swelling, itch, and photosensitivity, are frequent. Tattooists are usually heavily tattooed with multiple extended colored tattoos and constitute a specific population of interest.

    Objectives: To assess the prevalence of cutaneous complications on tattoos among a cohort of French tattooists. Read More

    Application of carbon nanoparticles to mark locations for re-inspection after colonic polypectomy.
    Surg Endosc 2016 Apr 19;30(4):1530-3. Epub 2015 Aug 19.
    Department of Gastroenterology, Fuzhou General Hospital, No.156 Xi'erhuan North Rd, Fuzhou, 350025, Fujian, China.
    Background: Endoscopic surgery has been a novel treatment for colon polyps or even early colorectal cancer. However, the exact re-inspection after colonic polypectomy to detect the scar from polyp removal was difficult to be performed. In our previous study, colon cancer tattooed with carbon nanoparticles was easily found during surgery. Read More

    Granulomatous reaction to red tattoo pigment treated with allopurinol.
    J Cosmet Dermatol 2015 Sep 24;14(3):241-5. Epub 2015 Jul 24.
    Sector of Dermatology and Post-Graduation Course in Dermatology, University Hospital and School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Granulomatous reactions to tattoo ink are most commonly associated with mercury sulfide, a component of red pigments. Treatment options show limited results. Allopurinol, an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase, has been reported as a successful alternative treatment to granulomatous disorders, such as sarcoidosis and granulomatous reactions to fillers and tattoos. Read More

    Erythema Multiforme-like Secondary to Paraphenylenediamine Due to Henna Tattoo Plus Residual Hypopigmentation.
    Indian J Dermatol 2015 May-Jun;60(3):322
    Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitari Sagrat Cor, Barcelona, Spain.
    Temporary henna tattoos or pseudotattoos have become increasingly widespread among children and adolescent. A generalized skin reaction, type erythema multiforme-like reaction is unusual, and rarely reported. We describe the case of a 7-year-old boy who reported erythematous papular bull's-eye shaped lesions and consolidated edema primarily in the upper and lower extremities. Read More

    Successful Treatment of a Lichenoid-Like Granulomatous Reaction to Purple Tattoo Pigment With Intralesional Kenalog.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2015 Jun;14(6):638-40
    Tattoo reactions can be clinically challenging to diagnose and treat. We present a case of a biopsy-proven granulomatous reaction to purple tattoo ink that clinically mimicked lichen planus. This reaction was successfully treated with one course of intralesional kenalog (ILK), with no recurrence six months after treatment. Read More

    Is it a sarcoidal foreign-body granuloma or a cutaneous sarcoidosis on a permanent eyebrow make-up?
    J Cosmet Laser Ther 2016 25;18(1):50-2. Epub 2016 Jan 25.
    c Dermatology Department, Faculty of Medicine , Başkent University Ankara Hospital , Ankara , Turkey.
    Permanent make-up is a kind of cosmetic tattoo in which the colorants (pigments) are deposited in dermis after piercing the skin by tiny solid needles. It may cause some adverse effects such as local inflammation, infection, and allergic reactions on the skin and even systemic adverse effects such as sarcoidal reactions. Here the case of a 34-year-old woman who has some yellowish hard shiny papules on her eyebrows after having a permanent make-up is described. Read More

    Histopathology and immune histochemistry of red tattoo reactions. Interface dermatitis is the lead pathology, with increase in T-lymphocytes and Langerhans cells suggesting an allergic pathomechanism.
    Skin Res Technol 2015 Nov 29;21(4):449-58. Epub 2015 May 29.
    Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen NV, Denmark.
    Background: The majority of tattoo reactions are affiliated to red pigmented areas and often suspected to be allergic in nature. A sizeable series of biopsies of such reactions has not previously been performed. The aim of this study was to type and grade epidermal and dermal changes in tattoo reactions to red/red nuances by microscopy and immunochemistry relevant for the assessment of a possible allergic pathomechanism. Read More

    Self-reported adverse tattoo reactions: a New York City Central Park study.
    Contact Dermatitis 2015 Aug 27;73(2):91-9. Epub 2015 May 27.
    Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University, New York, NY, 10016, USA.
    Background: Although permanent tattoos are becoming increasingly commonplace, there is a paucity of epidemiological data on adverse tattoo reactions. Several European studies have indicated that tattoo reactions may be relatively common, although the extent of this phenomenon in the United States is largely unknown.

    Objectives: To provide insights into the prevalence and nature of adverse tattoo reactions. Read More

    Complications of Tattoos and Tattoo Removal: Stop and Think Before you ink.
    J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2015 Jan-Mar;8(1):30-6
    Department of Dermatology, Maulana Azad Medical College, LN Hospital, New Delhi, India.
    Tattooing is a process of implantation of permanent pigment granules in the skin. Tattoos can be decorative, medical or accidental. There has been a exponential increase in decorative tattooing as a body art in teenagers and young adults. Read More

    Extensive Tattoos Mimicking Lymphatic Metastasis on Positron Emission Tomography Scan in a Patient With Cervical Cancer.
    Obstet Gynecol 2015 Jul;126(1):182-5
    Division of Gynecology Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the Department of Anatomic Pathology, The University of California, Irvine Medical Center, Orange, California.
    Background: Positron emission tomography (PET) fused with computed tomography (CT) imaging is common in the clinical assessment of patients with locally advanced cervical cancer. Limitations to the utilization and interpretation of PET-CT scans in patients with cervical cancer have been described, including false-positive findings secondary to tattoo ink.

    Case: A 32-year-old woman presented with clinical stage 1B1 cervical cancer and extensive tattoos of the lower extremities. Read More

    Severe scratcher-reaction: an unknown health hazard?
    Dermatol Reports 2015 Mar 27;7(1):5816. Epub 2015 Mar 27.
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Telemark Hospital , Skien, Norway.
    Tattoos are well known to cause skin problems and the number of reported adverse reactions after tattooing has increased. Illegally imported tattoo ink is unrestrained and can contain unknown ingredients and contamination thereby posing a serious health hazard. We present a case illustrating the risk of pronounced phototoxic allergic reaction and other severe complications after using home kit tattoo ink. Read More

    Seamless prevention of adverse events from tattooing: integrated strategy emphasising the customer-tattooist interaction.
    Curr Probl Dermatol 2015 26;48:236-47. Epub 2015 Mar 26.
    Bispebjerg University Hospital, Department of Dermatology, the 'Tattoo Clinic', Copenhagen, Denmark.
    The boom in tattooing has been paralleled by more frequent adverse events, which may be localised in the skin or systemic and manifested clinically or latent. Infections, allergic reactions from red-coloured tattoos and papulo-nodular reactions from black tattoos dominate. Mild complaints are very common, with 1/5 of all tattooed individuals having acquired sensitivity to sunlight in the tattooed skin. Read More

    Chronic tattoo reactions cause reduced quality of life equaling cumbersome skin diseases.
    Curr Probl Dermatol 2015 26;48:71-5. Epub 2015 Mar 26.
    Department of Dermatology, 'Tattoo Clinic', Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Tattoos are often associated with mild complaints, but some people develop complications that may require medical treatment, and the burden of these events has hitherto been neglected. To understand the dimensions and the psychological symptomatology of adverse events both the sensory and affective impacts, including the effect on quality of life, should be studied. Itch severity and influence on quality of life can be measured objectively. Read More

    Tattoo complaints and complications: diagnosis and clinical spectrum.
    Curr Probl Dermatol 2015 26;48:48-60. Epub 2015 Mar 26.
    Department of Dermatology, 'Tattoo Clinic', Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Tattoos cause a broad range of clinical problems. Mild complaints, especially sensitivity to sun, are very common and seen in 1/5 of cases. Medical complications are dominated by allergy to tattoo pigment haptens or haptens generated in the skin, especially in red tattoos but also in blue and green tattoos. Read More

    p-Phenylenediamine exposure in real life - a case-control study on sensitization rate, mode and elicitation reactions in the northern Netherlands.
    Contact Dermatitis 2015 Jun 30;72(6):355-61. Epub 2015 Mar 30.
    Department of Dermatology, University Medical Center Groningen, 9700 RB, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Background: The prevalence of p-phenylenediamine (PPD) sensitization is 4% in the patch tested population and varies between zero and 1.5% in the general population. Hair dye is a recognised sensitization source. Read More

    Photo developer allergic contact dermatitis in a photographer following paraphenylenediamine sensitization from a temporary henna tattoo.
    J Cutan Med Surg 2015 Jan-Feb;19(1):73-6. Epub 2015 Jan 1.
    Division of Dermatology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ONDivision of Dermatology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON.
    Background: Paraphenylenediamine (PPD) is a coloring agent and potent sensitizer commonly added to henna tattoos to darken tattoo color. Photographic developers contain compounds that cross-react with PPD. Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) from photo developers has been documented in the literature. Read More

    Intraoperative localized urticarial reaction during Q-switched Nd:YAG laser tattoo removal.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2015 Mar;14(3):303-6
    Q-switched lasers, such as the neodymium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser, are the gold standard for tattoo removal. Allergy to tattoo pigment is well-documented, but adverse allergic reactions during or shortly after laser tattoo removal are rare with few reports in the medical literature. Here we describe an intraoperative, localized urticarial reaction that developed during treatment of a tattoo using a 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser. Read More

    Introduction of dermatome shaving as first line treatment of chronic tattoo reactions.
    J Dermatolog Treat 2015 Oct 12;26(5):451-5. Epub 2015 Feb 12.
    b Department of Dermatology , Bispebjerg University Hospital , Copenhagen , Denmark.
    Background/aims: Chronic tattoo reactions requiring treatment have increased. Laser removal is not ideal for removal of allergic reactions. Surgical removal of culprit pigment situated in the outer dermis by dermatome shaving is rational and need to be revisited. Read More

    A widespread allergic reaction to black tattoo ink caused by laser treatment.
    Lasers Surg Med 2015 Feb 28;47(2):180-2. Epub 2015 Jan 28.
    Main Line Center for Laser Surgery, Ardmore, Pennsylvania.
    Background And Objective: This is the first reported case of a local and widespread reaction in a 39 year old woman, to black tattoo ink, induced by Q-switched laser treatment.

    Study Design/patients And Methods: A 39 year old woman was treated with the Q-switched Nd:YAG laser for removal of a decorative tattoo of her lower back.

    Results: Subsequent to laser treatment, a severe, widespread allergic reaction developed within and surrounding the treated tattoo. Read More

    Successful medical treatment of a severe reaction to red tattoo pigment.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2014 Oct;13(10):1274-5
    Tattoo allergies are often eczematous skin rashes that can be complicated by ulceration and infection. These allergies are difficult to resolve, sometimes requiring surgical or laser intervention, with varying success. Here we present a case of a 29-year-old woman with a serious skin allergic reaction to red tattoo ink that ulcerated and became secondarily infected. Read More

    [Pseudolymphatic allergic immune reaction after tattooing].
    Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2014 Dec 7;46(6):379-82. Epub 2015 Jan 7.
    Universitätsklinik für Plastische, Wiederherstellende und Handchirurgie, Zentrum für Schwerbrandverletzte, Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität, Nürnberg.
    Allergic reactions occurring after tattooing, especially after the use of red tattoo ink ingredients are relatively rare. We report a painful skin reaction occurring 6 months after the tattoing of the right lower extremity in a 30-year-old female patient. Pathohistological and immunchemical results confirmed a pseudolymphoma. Read More

    Azo pigments and quinacridones induce delayed hypersensitivity in red tattoos.
    Contact Dermatitis 2015 Feb 2;72(2):97-105. Epub 2014 Dec 2.
    Department of Dermatology, Université d'Auvergne, CHU Clermont-Ferrand Hôpital Estaing, Lucie et Raymond Aubrac, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France.
    Background: Induction of delayed hypersensitivity reactions by red tattoos has been occasionally reported. Little is known about the inks used. Azo pigments have been implicated in some instances, but there is only one reported case involving quinacridones. Read More

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