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    250 results match your criteria Tattoo Reactions

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    Granuloma Annulare-Like Granulomatous Reaction to Red Tattoo Pigment.
    J Cutan Med Surg 2018 Apr 1:1203475418771614. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    1 Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
    Cutaneous reactions to tattoos can be attributed either to trauma or to the exogenous pigment introduced into the skin. Red pigment is associated with a high sensitizing potential and is the most frequently implicated pigment inducing various types of histological reactions. Herein, we describe a patient with red tattoo pigment-induced granulomatous dermatitis that histologically revealed a very rare granuloma annulare-like reaction. Read More

    Association between cumulative radiation dose, adverse skin reactions, and changes in surface hemoglobin among women undergoing breast conserving therapy.
    Clin Transl Radiat Oncol 2017 Jun 18;4:15-23. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, USA.
    Introduction: Radiation therapy is crucial to effective cancer treatment. Modern treatment strategies have reduced possible skin injury, but few clinical studies have addressed the dose relationship between radiation exposure and skin reaction This prospective clinical study analyzes skin oxygenation/perfusion in patients undergoing fractionated breast conserving therapy via hyperspectral imaging (HSI).

    Methods: Forty-three women undergoing breast conserving therapy were enrolled in this study. Read More

    Comparison of treatment with an Alexandrite picosecond laser and Nd:YAG nanosecond laser for removing blue-black Chinese eyeliner tattoos.
    J Cosmet Laser Ther 2018 Feb 28:1-4. Epub 2018 Feb 28.
    a Department of Cosmetic Laser Surgery , Hospital of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College , Nanjing , China.
    Objective: To retrospectively evaluate the efficacy of an Alexandrite picosecond laser versus Nd:YAG nanosecond laser for removing blue-black eyeliner tattoos which have existed more than 10 years.

    Methods: A total of 40 patients were treated with an Alexandrite picosecond laser in our department from August 2015 to July 2017, with a fluence of 1.96-6. Read More

    Sarcoidosis in A. C. Milan (1899)?
    Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018 Jan 13;6(1):99-102. Epub 2018 Jan 13.
    Medical Institute of Ministry of Interior, Department of General, Vascular and Abdominal Surgery, General Skobelev 79, 1606 Sofia, Bulgaria.
    The pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy of sarcoidosis as an autonomous disease are subjects of spirited discussions, which haven't found definitive conclusion yet. Distinguishing between sarcoidosis and sarcoid-like reactions (sarcoid - type granulomas) is not currently a medical "gold standard" and is not implemented in clinical practice. This leads to 1) misinterpretation of numerous available data; 2) difficulty in the interpretation of other unverified data, which is often followed by 3) inappropriate or inadequate therapeutic approach. Read More

    Vaccine safety testing using magnetic resonance imaging in suckling pigs.
    Vaccine 2018 03 19;36(13):1789-1795. Epub 2018 Feb 19.
    Livestock Center Oberschleissheim, Veterinary Faculty of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany.
    Safety testing is one major part of the licensing procedure for veterinary vaccines and demands a large number of animals. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was tested as an alternative, which may lead to a reduction in numbers of animals required for safety testing, and, correspondingly to a detailed description of the three-dimensional extent of the local tissue reaction repetitively in live pigs. In previous pig studies the following questions arose:To answer these questions the following study was performed by comparing two vaccine groups of suckling piglets (8 animals per group; A and B) with two control groups (4 animals per group; C and D). Read More

    Dyspnea Associated with Henna Stone: A Rare Cause of Pediatric Tracheotomy.
    Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Mar 1;55(1):38-40. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Çorlu State Hospital, Tekirdağ, Turkey.
    Tracheotomy is one of the oldest surgical procedures, and it is a life-saving procedure to overcome upper airway obstructions. While congenital causes play an important role in pediatric tracheotomy indications, upper airway edema and obstruction due to anaphylaxis rarely require tracheotomy. Allergy can cause life-threatening acute edema by anaphylactic reactions in the respiratory tract. Read More

    Cutaneous infection from tattooing: a common yet under-reported and persistent epidemic hazard for dermatologists.
    BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jan 12;2018. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
    Tattoo popularity continues to rise, with 3 in 10 Americans bearing at least one. Among tattoo complications, non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) has emerged as a global public health concern. NTM infections associated with tattooing of immunocompetent individuals have occurred as sporadic cases and community outbreaks. Read More

    Factors associated with p-phenylenediamine sensitization: data from the Information Network of Departments of Dermatology, 2008-2013.
    Contact Dermatitis 2018 Mar 11;78(3):199-207. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Information Network of Departments of Dermatology (IVDK), University of Göttingen, 37075, Göttingen, Germany.
    Background: Risk factors for p-phenylenediamine (PPD) sensitization include the use of hair dyes, the application of temporary black henna tattoos, working as a hairdresser, and, possibly, exposure to hair dye pretests.

    Objectives: To quantify the impact of these (putative) risk factors on PPD sensitization.

    Methods: Six items related to PPD exposure were added to the routine Information Network of Departments of Dermatology questionnaire from 2008 to 2013. Read More

    Sarcoidal granulomatous reaction due to tattoos: report of two cases.
    An Bras Dermatol 2017 ;92(5 Suppl 1):138-141
    University Hospital Centro Dermatológico Federico Lleras Acosta - Bogotá, Colombia.
    Numerous infectious, inflammatory and neoplastic complications secondary to tattoo placement have been reported in the literature. Within inflammatory complications sarcoidal granulomatous reactions have been described. We report two cases, a 55-year-old woman with yellowish infiltrated plaques on bilateral ciliary region, 16 years after the placement of a permanent tattoo in the eyebrows, and a 20-year-old tattoo artist who developed orange papules on 3 of his tattoos. Read More

    Diagnostic Tools to Use When We Suspect an Allergic Reaction to a Tattoo: A Proposal Based on Cases at Our Hospital.
    Actas Dermosifiliogr 2018 Mar 6;109(2):162-172. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Unidad de Alergia Cutánea, Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital General Universitario de Alicante - ISABIAL, Alicante, España.
    Introduction: Tattooing has become a popular practice in western countries, particularly among younger populations. Tattoos, however, can cause complications, such as infections, allergic or foreign-body reactions, and even systemic inflammatory responses.

    Patients And Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of all patients seen for tattoo-related complications at our skin allergy unit between January 2002 and December 2016. Read More

    Red tattoo-related mycosis fungoides-like CD8+ pseudolymphoma.
    J Cutan Pathol 2018 Mar 27;45(3):226-228. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
    Cutaneous reactions to red tattoo pigment rarely manifest as pseudolymphomatous reactions. We describe an exceedingly rare case of red tattoo-related T-cell predominant pseudolymphoma microscopically mimicking mycosis fungoides. Careful clinicopathological correlation was required to obtain the correct diagnosis and aid in an effective treatment course. Read More

    Florid Granuloma Annulare-Like Reaction in Regional Lymph Nodes After "Regression" of Red Pigment in Tattoos.
    Am J Dermatopathol 2018 May;40(5):383-385
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Nova Scotia Health Authority, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
    A healthy 50-year-old woman had a tattoo performed on the posterior aspect of her neck and another on the dorsum of her left foot. Several weeks later, she noted redness, tenderness, and intense pruritis at both tattoo sites. Treatment with cephalexin and hydrocortisone cream was instituted, without success. Read More

    [Keratoacanthomas on recent tattoos: Two cases].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2017 Dec 7;144(12):776-783. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Consultation « tatouage », service de dermatologie, hôpital Bichat - Claude-Bernard, hôpitaux universitaires Paris-Nord-Val-de-Seine, 46, rue Henri-Huchard, 75018 Paris, France.
    Background: Increasing numbers of reports of rapidly arising, isolated or eruptive keratoacanthomas (KA) and squamous cell carcinomas (CSC) on the red part of tattoos tend to suggest a non-fortuitous link with the procedure. We report herein two different presentations of KAs on tattoos: one patient with multiple eruptive KAs on sun-exposed areas of a recent red tattoo and another with a solitary lesion on a recent tattoo. We discuss the issues related to the distinction between KAs and CSCs in this particular context. Read More

    A retrospective analysis of the influencing factors and complications of Q-switched lasers in tattoo removal in China.
    J Cosmet Laser Ther 2018 Apr 4;20(2):71-76. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    c Department of Pharmacal Research , Hospital of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College , Nanjing , China.
    Background And Objective: Q-switched (QS) lasers are the gold standard for tattoo removal. The purpose of the present study was to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the factors that influence the efficacy of QS lasers and their associated complications in the removal of tattoos in China.

    Patients And Methods: Clinical data of 266 patients were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

    HPV-47-Induced and Tattoo-associated Verrucae Planae: Report of a Case and Review of the Literature.
    Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2017 Dec 23;7(4):549-554. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    Department of Dermatology, Saarland University Medical Center, Homburg, Sarr, Germany.
    The human papillomavirus (HPV), of which more than 200 different types have so far been identified, is an infectious disease impacting skin and mucous membranes. Several genera exist with distinct clinical impact. However, with ornamental tattoos increasing in popularity, a number of mostly cutaneous side effects have also been reported, such as infections, allergic reactions, or even a rise of malignant tumours within the tattoo. Read More

    Are metals involved in tattoo-related hypersensitivity reactions? A case report.
    Contact Dermatitis 2017 Dec 9;77(6):397-405. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Chemical and Product Safety, German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), 10589 Berlin, Germany.
    Background: Allergic reactions to tattoos are not uncommon. However, identification of the culprit allergen(s) remains challenging.

    Objectives: We present a patient with papulo-nodular infiltration of 20-year-old tattoos associated with systemic symptoms that disappeared within a week after surgical removal of metal osteosynthesis implants from his spine. Read More

    Eruptive Milia Within a Tattoo: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2017 Jun;16(6):621-624

    Of the many tattoo reactions the most common are allergic, granulomatous, lichenoid, photosensitive, pseudolymphomatous, and infectious. Eruptive milia are a rare complication with only three prior reports in the English literature. A 19-year-old African American female presented with tiny, white papules confined within the margins of a tattoo. Read More

    Allergic contact dermatitis caused by a new temporary blue-black tattoo dye - sensitization to genipin from jagua (Genipa americana L.) fruit extract.
    Contact Dermatitis 2017 Dec 4;77(6):374-378. Epub 2017 Jul 4.
    Kantonales Laboratorium Basel-Stadt, 4056 Basel, Switzerland.
    Background: Temporary tattoos made with an extract of the jagua fruit (Genipa americana L.) are becoming increasingly popular. It is claimed that it is 'dermatologically tested' and does not contain p-phenylenediamine. Read More

    Hypersensitive Reaction to Tattoos: A Growing Menace in Rural India.
    Indian J Dermatol 2017 May-Jun;62(3):291-296
    Department of Dermatology, Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya, Karnataka, India.
    Background: Increased enthusiasm toward newer fashion trends among rural India along with the lack of government regulation has led to increased tattoo reactions.

    Objective: The objective of this study is to describe various clinical manifestations of hypersensitive reactions to tattoo ink reported at a tertiary care hospital in Mandya district.

    Materials And Methods: An observational study was carried out over a period of 1 year from June 2014 to May 2015 at Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya. Read More

    Skin diseases and tattoos: a five-year experience.
    G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2017 May 16. Epub 2017 May 16.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy -
    Background: Decorative tattooing as a body art form underwent an exponential increase during the last two decades, particularly among teenagers and young adults. Consequently, the number of reported adverse reactions after tattooing has increased. The most frequent reported skin reactions to tattoo include infectious (bacterial, viral, fungal) or inflammatory (allergic contact dermatitis and granulomatous reaction) diseases. Read More

    Pattern analysis of laser-tattoo interactions for picosecond- and nanosecond-domain 1,064-nm neodymium-doped yttrium-aluminum-garnet lasers in tissue-mimicking phantom.
    Sci Rep 2017 May 8;7(1):1533. Epub 2017 May 8.
    Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Research Center, International St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.
    During laser treatment for tattoo removal, pigment chromophores absorb laser energy, resulting in fragmentation of the ink particles via selective photothermolysis. The present study aimed to outline macroscopic laser-tattoo interactions in tissue-mimicking (TM) phantoms treated with picosecond- and nanosecond-domain lasers. Additionally, high-speed cinematographs were captured to visualize time-dependent tattoo-tissue interactions, from laser irradiation to the formation of photothermal and photoacoustic injury zones (PIZs). Read More

    Cutaneous Complications Related to Tattoos: 31 Cases from Finland.
    Dermatology 2017 26;233(1):100-109. Epub 2017 Apr 26.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: Cutaneous complications related to permanent tattoos affect 2-30% of those patients who have tattooed their skin. Little is known about the cases of tattoo complications in Finland.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to conduct a retrospective review of a series of Finnish patients with cutaneous tattoo reactions. Read More

    Temporary Black Henna Tattoos and Sensitization to para-Phenylenediamine (PPD): Two Paediatric Case Reports and a Review of the Literature.
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017 Apr 14;14(4). Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Pediatric Clinic, Università degli Studi di Perugia, 06129 Perugia, Italy.
    : The use of temporary henna tattoos has increased dramatically in recent years, especially in children and adolescents. To obtain a darker colour and prolong the life of the tattoo, red henna, a plant-derived substance, is typically added to -phenylenediamine (PPD). The mixture is called temporary black henna tattoo (TBHT). Read More

    Hypersensitivity reactions due to black henna tattoos and their components: are the clinical pictures related to the immune pathomechanism?
    Clin Mol Allergy 2017 10;15. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    Section of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, University of Bari Medical School, Bari, Italy.
    Hypersensitivity to para-phenylenediamine (PPD) and related compounds induced by temporary black henna tattoos has become a serious health problem worldwide. Different patterns of sensitization with various clinical aspects are described in literature due to PPD associated to henna tattoo and these manifestations are likely correlated with the immunological and dermatological pathomechanisms involved. Henna is the Persian name of the plant Fam. Read More

    Influence of internet exposure on sexual behaviour of young persons in an urban district of Southwest Nigeria.
    Pan Afr Med J 2016 30;25:261. Epub 2016 Dec 30.
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
    Introduction: The proportion of young people exposed to pornographic materials through the internet in Nigeria is increasing. However, the influence of the exposure on their sexual behaviour has not been fully explored. This study therefore explored the effects of internet exposure on the sexual behaviour of young persons in Ibadan North Local Government Area of southwest Nigeria. Read More

    Individual Risk and Prevention of Complications: Doctors' Advice to Persons Wishing a New Tattoo.
    Curr Probl Dermatol 2017 10;52:18-29. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
    The 'Tattoo Clinic', Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Doctors who are consulted about health and tattoo risks have an important role in the prevention of an individual's tattoo complications. Tattooing is a tremendous exposure of the human body to needle operation, particles, and chemicals. The risk is related to a person's health condition, level of insight, decision-making, and to the operation of tattooing, tattoo inks and utensils, tattoo parlour, and the aftercare. Read More

    Surgical Treatment of Tattoo Complications.
    Curr Probl Dermatol 2017 13;52:82-93. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
    With a continuing increase in the number of tattoos performed worldwide, the need to treat tattoo complications is growing. Earlier treatments of chronic inflammatory tattoo reactions were dominated by a medical approach, or with no active intervention. In this chapter, we will address modern surgical approaches applied to situations when medical treatment is inefficient and lasers are not applicable. Read More

    Atlas of Illustrative Cases of Tattoo Complications.
    Curr Probl Dermatol 2017 10;52:139-229. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
    The 'Tattoo Clinic', Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Tattoos, and tattoo complications as well, are colorful and visually flashy. A clinical outlook provides important clues to diagnosis by pattern recognition. This atlas,which is a report of 79 case illustrations, is made as a practical tool and vade mecum for the clinician. Read More

    Guide to Treatment of Tattoo Complications and Tattoo Removal.
    Curr Probl Dermatol 2017 10;52:132-138. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
    Clinicians in the fields of general medicine, dermatology, and plastic surgery are in their work now and then confronted with tattoo complications. Recognizing the rather few important diagnostic groups and urgencies, the medical 'decision tree' of treatment becomes quite simple. Acute conditions are dominated by bacterial infections needing antibiotic treatment. Read More

    From Technique of Tattooing to Biokinetics and Toxicology of Injected Tattoo Ink Particles and Chemicals.
    Curr Probl Dermatol 2017 10;52:1-17. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
    The 'Tattoo Clinic', Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Tattoo colourants are colourful nano- and microparticles, which are practically insoluble and thus permanent once installed in the dermis by the tattooist. Tattoo ink also has soluble ingredients and contaminants. Pigments can distribute via the lymph and possibly also directly to the blood, and a minute fraction may over time undergo metabolic breakdown and as hapten(s) induce allergic reactions of red tattoos. Read More

    Diagnostic Tools for Doctors' Evaluation of Tattoo Complications.
    Curr Probl Dermatol 2017 13;52:42-57. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
    The 'Tattoo Clinic', Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Diagnosis of tattoo complications is a multi-facetted field since many clinical entities and disease mechanisms are represented. Infections, allergies, and pigment foreign body reactions with granuloma are the major groups. The clinician needs a structured approach to diagnosis and an armamentarium of standard tests. Read More

    Medical Treatment of Tattoo Complications.
    Curr Probl Dermatol 2017 10;52:74-81. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
    The 'Tattoo Clinic', Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Tattooing is a skin trauma and involves a special vulnus punctatum (with inserted tattoo ink, a vulnus venenatum), which should heal with no infection and no local complication. Local treatment in the healing phase ideally builds on the 'moist wound' principle using plastic film, hydrocolloids, silver dressing, and compression. Bacterial infections during healing are treated with oral antibiotics, and a list of first-line antibiotics is proposed. Read More

    How to Diagnose and Classify Tattoo Complications in the Clinic: A System of Distinctive Patterns.
    Curr Probl Dermatol 2017 10;52:58-73. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
    The 'Tattoo Clinic', Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Tattoo complications represent a broad spectrum of clinical entities and disease mechanisms. Infections are known, but chronic inflammatory reactions have hitherto been inconsistently reported and given many interpretations and terms. A clinical classification system of distinct patterns with emphasis on inflammatory tattoo reactions is introduced. Read More

    Removal of Tattoos by Q-Switched Nanosecond Lasers.
    Curr Probl Dermatol 2017 10;52:105-112. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
    Department of Dermatology, Klinikum Darmstadt, Darmstadt, and Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.
    Tattoo removal by Q-switched nanosecond laser devices is generally a safe and effective method, albeit a time-consuming one. Despite the newest developments in laser treatment, it is still not possible to remove every tattoo completely and without complications. Incomplete removal remains one of the most common challenges. Read More

    Looking beyond the cosmetic tattoo lesion near the eyebrow: Screening the lungs.
    J Postgrad Med 2017 Apr-Jun;63(2):132-134
    Department of Orthodontics, Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Cosmetic tattooing has become a risk factor for several adverse reactions related to inks, procedures, and associated clinical conditions. Development of a sarcoid reaction to the inserted tattoo pigment in the skin is not common. We report a 45 year-old patient with history of dyspnea and mild cough since two years who had subsequently developed reddish, scaly lesions in her 15-year old tattoo done near her right eyebrow. Read More

    Papulo-Nodular Reactions in Black Tattoos as Markers of Sarcoidosis: Study of 92 Tattoo Reactions from a Hospital Material.
    Dermatology 2016 7;232(6):679-686. Epub 2017 Feb 7.
    Wound Healing Centre, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Background/aims: Sarcoidosis is, from historical data, suggested to be more prevalent among patients with tattoo reactions. We aimed to evaluate this association in a systematic study.

    Methods: This is a consecutive study of patients with tattoo complications, diagnosed in the "Tattoo Clinic" at Bispebjerg University Hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark, from 2008 to 2015, based on clinical assessment and histology. Read More

    Growing trend of tattooing and its complications in Nigeria.
    Int J Dermatol 2017 Jul 31;56(7):709-714. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.
    Tattoo, a Polynesian word meaning 'to mark', is a form of body modification done by inserting indelible ink into the dermis to change its pigmentation. Tattoos are done for social, cultural, and religious purposes. It has been in existence since the 18th century and was associated with sailors, lower class individuals, and criminals. Read More

    Diffuse Urticarial Reaction Associated with Titanium Dioxide Following Laser Tattoo Removal Treatments.
    Photomed Laser Surg 2017 Mar 2;35(3):176-180. Epub 2017 Jan 2.
    2 Dermatology Residency, San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium (SAUSHEC) , San Antonio, Texas.
    Importance: Local and generalized allergic reactions following laser tattoo removal have been documented, but are rare. To our knowledge, this is the fourth documented case of widespread urticarial eruptions following laser tattoo removal treatment. Unlike previously documented cases, this patient's reaction was found to be associated with titanium dioxide within the tattoo and her symptoms were recalcitrant to medical therapy. Read More

    Classification of Tattoo Complications in a Hospital Material of 493 Adverse Events.
    Dermatology 2016 15;232(6):668-678. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    "Tattoo Clinic" at the Department of Dermatology, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Background/aims: Tattooing is a global trend. Clinical knowledge of complications is based on case reports collected over a century. Larger cohorts reflecting complications associated with contemporary trends are lacking. Read More

    Simulation of laser-tattoo pigment interaction in a tissue-mimicking phantom using Q-switched and long-pulsed lasers.
    Skin Res Technol 2017 Aug 20;23(3):376-383. Epub 2016 Nov 20.
    Department of Dermatology, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Background: Laser therapy is the treatment of choice in tattoo removal. However, the precise mechanisms of laser-tattoo pigment interactions remain to be evaluated.

    Methods: We evaluated the geometric patterns of laser-tattoo pigment particle interactions using a tattoo pigment-embedded tissue-mimicking (TM) phantom. Read More

    Severe Neck and Face Edema in an Adolescent-Delayed Hypersensitivity Reaction to Hair Dye.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2017 Jun;33(6):422-423
    From the *Department of Pediatric Allergy and †Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Dokuz Eylul University Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.
    Allergic contact reactions to hair dyes arise mostly due to sensitization to para-phenylenediamine (PPD). Para-phenylenediamine, a derivative of p-nitroanaline, is widely used as an oxydizable hair dye and is also found in black henna tattoo. Subsequent exposure to PPD may lead to delayed type IV hypersensitivity reaction manifesting as acute contact dermatitis. Read More

    Is blue dye still required during sentinel lymph node biopsy for breast cancer?
    Ecancermedicalscience 2016 19;10:674. Epub 2016 Sep 19.
    Division of Cancer Studies, King's College London, Guy's Hospital Campus, Great Maze Pond, London SE1 9RT, UK; Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, Great Maze Pond, London SE1 9RT, UK.
    Background: In early breast cancer, the optimal technique for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is the combined technique (radioisotope and Patent Blue V) which achieves high identification rates. Despite this, many centres have decided to stop using blue dye due to blue-dye-related complications (tattoo, anaphylaxis). We evaluated the SLNB identification rate using the combined technique with and without Patent Blue V and the blue-dye-related complication rates. Read More

    Tinea on a Tattoo.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):223-4
    Marius Irimie, MD, 40, Zizinului Street, Bl. 31, Sc. C, Ap. 2, 500414, Brasov, Romania;
    In the last twenty years, the prevalence of individuals with tattoos in the general population has increased in Europe (1) as well as in Australia (2) and the United States of America (3). A series of complications such as acute inflammatory reactions, allergic contact dermatitis (4,5), photoinduced, lichenoid, and granulomatous reactions (6, 7), pseudolymphoma (8), pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (9), skin infections (6), and skin cancers (10) may occur on tattoos. Infectious complications on tattoos include bacterial infections (pyoderma, leprosy, syphilis, cutaneous tuberculosis, mycobacteriosis) (11-14), viral infections (molluscum contagiosum, warts, herpes simplex, hepatitis B and C) (15-17), and fungal infections (sporotrichosis, dermatophytosis) (18,19). Read More

    A Case of Squamous Cell Carcinoma Developing Within a Red-Ink Tattoo.
    J Cutan Med Surg 2017 Jan/Feb;21(1):61-63. Epub 2016 Sep 22.
    1 Dermatology Department, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK.
    Cutaneous reactions to tattoos are well reported and include allergic reactions, infections, and foreign body granuloma or may be a presenting sign of sarcoidosis. There have been very few reported cases of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising in tattoo-treated skin. We report a case of SCC arising within a red-ink tattoo and discuss the potential the role of chronic low-grade inflammation in pathogenesis. Read More

    Cosmetic tattoo pigment reaction.
    Dermatol Online J 2016 Jul 15;22(7). Epub 2016 Jul 15.
    School of Medicine.
    BackgroundCutaneous reactions to tattoos are most commonly granulomatous or lichenoid.PurposeWe describe a woman who developed a lymphocytic reaction following a cosmetic tattoo procedure with black dye. The reaction occurred not only at the site of the tattoos (eyebrows and eyelash lines), but also in non-tattooed skin (bilateral malar cheeks). Read More

    Generalized eczematous reaction after fractional carbon dioxide laser therapy for tattoo allergy.
    J Cosmet Laser Ther 2016 Dec 13;18(8):456-458. Epub 2016 Oct 13.
    a Netherlands Institute for Pigment Disorders (SNIP), Department of Dermatology , Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam , Amsterdam , the Netherlands.
    Allergic tattoo reactions form a therapeutically difficult entity. Treatment with conventional quality-switched lasers does not completely remove the allergenic particles and may lead to generalized hypersensitivity reactions. Recently, ablative fractional laser therapy was introduced as a treatment for allergic tattoo removal. Read More

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