8,766 results match your criteria Tarsal Coalition


Structure and biomechanics of the antennal grooming mechanism in the southern green stink bug Nezara viridula.

J Insect Physiol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Functional Morphology and Biomechanics, Kiel University, Germany.

Insects devote a high amount of time to self-groom to remove foreign material, especially from their sensory appendages. Using various microscopy techniques and behavioural experiments on intact and ablated insects, the present study investigates the antennal grooming of the green stinkbug Nezara viridula, which represents a serious pest of different crops in most areas of the world. The antennal grooming behaviour encompass an action of scraping involving the tibial comb complex (tibial comb + fossula) of both forelegs, generally followed by the tibial comb complex grooming of one leg using the tarsal hairy pad of the opposite leg (rubbing). Read More

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December 2018

[Calcaneal fractures: controversies and consensus].

Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):172-181

Universidad de La Laguna. Tenerife. España.

Calcaneal fractures are the most common tarsal fractures and their treatment is still debated today. We intend in this update to highlight the points of controversy and clarify the consensus, especially in the treatment of intra-articular fractures, as well as to describe the management of major complications. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Sciatic nerve block in dogs: description and evaluation of a modified ultrasound-guided parasacral approach.

Vet Anaesth Analg 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.

Objective: To develop a modified ultrasound-guided parasacral approach to the sciatic nerve and compare the effects of a volume of 0.2 mL kg of 0.5% levobupivacaine with an equivalent volume of 0. Read More

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October 2018

A new perspective in oculoplastic surgical management of symptomatic distichiasis in lymphedema-distichiasis syndrome.

Orbit 2018 Dec 5:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

a Department of Ophthalmology , University Hospital Nottingham NHS Trust , Nottingham , UK.

Lymphedema-distichiasis syndrome (LDS) is an autosomal dominant condition associated with FOXC2 mutations. Patients with distichiasis are mostly symptomatic, and efforts to deal with their ocular complaints comprise of electrolysis, cryotherapy and a variety of surgical techniques. We describe an enhanced surgical technique for a case of symptomatic distichiasis of the right eye with scarred, irregular eyelid margins secondary to initial cryotherapy, whereby the distorted tarsus was excised to remove the aberrant hair follicles, the levator palpebrae superioris was released to extend the upper lid and prevent lagophthalmos and a mucous membrane graft was used to cover the exposed portion of the tarsal plate. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Foot functions in ankylosing spondylitis.

Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Sütçü İmam University, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.

Abtract: AIM: Because of the wide diversity of developmental stages in spondyloarthropathies (SpA), clinical and radiographic weak correlations are often found in the development of enthesopathies. In this study, foot functions of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients were analyzed with clinical and radiological features.

Method: Sixty-two AS patients and 39 age-matched, gender-matched, and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy volunteers were included in this study. Read More

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December 2018

Tibial Nerve Palsy After Lateralizing Calcaneal Osteotomy.

Foot Ankle Spec 2018 Nov 30:1938640018816363. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Section for Foot and Ankle Surgery, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Lateralizing calcaneal osteotomy (LCO) is a common procedure used to correct hindfoot varus. Several complications have been described in the literature, but only a few articles describe tibial nerve palsy after this procedure. Our hypothesis was that tibial nerve palsy is a common complication after LCO. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The ability of the Contact Lens Dry Eye Questionnaire (CLDEQ)-8 to detect ocular surface alterations in contact lens wearers.

Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Institute of Applied Ophthalmobiology (IOBA)-University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain; Department of Theoretical Physics, Atomic and Optics, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain; Networking Research Center on Bioengineering Biomaterials and Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN), Valladolid, Spain. Electronic address:

Purpose: To study whether some ocular surface alterations could be associated with contact lens (CL) wearers suffering from CL discomfort (CLD) detected using the Contact Lens Dry Eye Questionnaire (CLDEQ)-8.

Methods: Forty-one soft CL wearers further classified into symptomatic CL wearers (SCLW) and asymptomatic CL wearers (ACLW) by the CLDEQ-8, and 20 non CL wearers (NCLW) were included. Tear osmolarity, slit-lamp biomicroscopy findings, tear film break-up time, corneal and conjunctival staining, and Schirmer test were performed 24 h after CL removal. Read More

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November 2018

Functional Characterization of the Gustatory Sensilla of Tarsi of the Female Polyphagous Moth .

Front Physiol 2018 14;9:1606. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Unit of Chemical Ecology, Department of Plant Protection Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden.

Contact chemoreception is crucial for host plant choice selection in insects and is guided by input from gustatory receptor neurons, GRNs, housed in gustatory sensilla. In this study, the morphology and response spectra of individual tarsal sensilla on the fifth tarsomere of females of the moth were investigated. Two distinct morphological types of gustatory sensilla, TI and TII, were identified. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Lower eyelid excursion: A functional and cosmetically relevant parameter in the treatment of lower eyelid retraction.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Ophthalmology, Dunedin Public Hospital, Dunedin, New Zealand.

The purpose of this study was to assess and quantify lower lid excursion following repair of lower lid retraction. In this retrospective cohort study, a case review of patients who had undergone ear cartilage grafting for lower lid retraction was undertaken. Surgical correction involved the placement of autologous cartilage between the tarsal plate and lower lid retractors. Read More

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November 2018

The Prevalence of Lower Eyelid Fornix Fat Prolapse: A Diagnostic Measure of Involutional Entropion.

J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):458-460

Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Trust, Colney Lane, Norwich, NR4 7UY, United Kingdom.

Purpose: In our experience, lower lid involutional entropion is commonly associated with inferior fornix fat prolapse and non-eversion of the tarsal plate. We aimed to assess the prevalence of this sign as an early diagnostic indicator of lower lid involutional entropion in symptomatic and control groups.

Methods: Prospective, comparative, observational case series. Read More

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November 2018

Treatment of isolated talonavicular coalition: Case report and literature review.

J Int Med Res 2018 Nov 19:300060518810889. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Center for Joint Surgery, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, P. R. China.

Tarsal coalition refers to an abnormal fibrous, cartilaginous, or bony connection that develops between two or more tarsal bones. Talocalcaneal coalition and calcaneonavicular coalition account for more than 90% of all cases of tarsal coalition. Coalition exists early at birth, but bony connection usually develops during the patient's late growth period. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

The Arterial Anatomy of the Lateral Ligament Complex of the Ankle: A Cadaveric Study.

Am J Sports Med 2018 Nov 19:363546518808060. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University in Saint Louis/Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St Louis, Missouri, USA.

Background:: Ankle sprains are the most common musculoskeletal injury in the United States. Chronic lateral ankle instability can ultimately require operative intervention to decrease pain and restore stability to the ankle joint. There are no anatomic studies investigating the vascular supply to the lateral ankle ligamentous complex. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

A Novel Pollen Transfer Mechanism by Honey Bee Foragers on Highbush Blueberry (Ericales: Ericaceae).

Environ Entomol 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Entomology, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN.

Honey bees (Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae)) are effective pollinators of many crops but are thought to be inefficient in pollinating blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) due to their inability to buzz pollinate. Read More

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November 2018

Reliability, Surgeon Preferences, and Eye-Tracking Assessment of the Stress Examination of the Tarsometatarsal (Lisfranc) Joint Complex.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Podiatric Surgery, Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address:

The primary objective of this investigation was to determine the level of agreement and reliability of the stress examination of the Lisfranc tarsometatarsal joint complex. Secondary objectives were to determine surgeon preferences with respect to this testing and to use gaze recognition software to perform an eye-tracking assessment during the performance of the test. Twelve foot and ankle surgeons, 12 residents, and 12 students were shown 2 intraoperative fluoroscopic still images and 1 video of the stress examination of the tarsometatarsal joint complex using stress abduction of the forefoot on the rearfoot. Read More

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November 2018
9 Reads

Light Bulb Procedure for the Treatment of Tarsal Navicular Osteonecrosis After Failed Percutaneous Decompression: A Case Report.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Surgeon, Department of Orthopedics, Taiwan Landseed Hospital, Tao-Yuan City, Taiwan.

Tarsal navicular osteonecrosis in adults is a rare condition with unclear etiology, and the optimal treatment has not been established. Here we report a case of tarsal navicular osteonecrosis with a complete course of treatment and comprehensive imaging studies starting at an early stage. A 37-year-old female diagnosed with tarsal navicular osteonecrosis was first treated with percutaneous decompression, but her symptoms persisted postoperatively. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

A Familial Case of Multicentric Carpotarsal Osteolysis Syndrome and Treatment Outcome.

J Pediatr Genet 2018 Dec 16;7(4):174-179. Epub 2018 Jun 16.

Department of Genetics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States.

Multicentric carpotarsal osteolysis syndrome (MCTO) is a rare skeletal disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in the gene (v-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene ortholog B). This is an autosomal dominant condition with a high frequency of sporadic cases. MCTO is characterized by osteolysis of the carpal, metacarpal, and tarsal bones beginning in early childhood with musculoskeletal rheumatologic symptoms such as pain and disability. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Regeneration of different types of tissues depends on the interplay of stem cells-laden constructs and microenvironments in vivo.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2019 Jan 9;94:938-948. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

MOE Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China; Dr. Li Dak Sum & Yip Yio Chin Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address:

The ability of repair and regeneration of tissues or organs has been significantly improved by using biomaterials-based constructs. Our previous studies found the regeneration of both articular cartilage and subchondral bone by implantation of a poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)/fibrin gel/bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs)/(lipofectamine/pDNA-transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1) construct in vivo, without the step of pre-induced differentiation of the laden stem cells in vitro. To substantiate the ability to regenerate multi-types of tissues by the same constructs, in this study the constructs were implanted into three types of tissues or tissue defects in vivo, including subcutaneous fascia layer, and ear cartilage and eyelid tarsal plate defects. Read More

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January 2019
2 Reads

The contribution of gustatory input to larval acceptance and female oviposition choice of potential host plants in Papilio hospiton (Géné).

Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 2018 Nov 12:e21521. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Section of Physiology, University of Cagliari, Monserrato, Italy.

The Lepidopteran Papilio hospiton uses only plants belonging to the Apiaceae and the Rutaceae families as hosts. Both adult females and larvae are equipped with gustatory receptor neurons (GRNs) capable of detecting sugars, bitters and salts, thus providing information for evaluating the chemical composition of the plant. Since the activation of these neurons may affect insect behavior, the aim of this study were: (a) to study the gustatory sensitivity of both females and larvae to the sap of two Apiaceae, Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) and Daucus carota (carrot), that are not used as host plants; (b) to cross-compare the spike activity evoked from these two plants with that evoked by Ferula communis (ferula), the host plant preferred by ovipositing females of P. Read More

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November 2018

An 11-year analysis of peripheral nerve injuries in high school sports.

Phys Sportsmed 2018 Nov 5:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

f Department of Neurological Surgery , Stanford University , Stanford , CA , USA.

Introduction: Sports surveillance databases provide valuable information regarding common ailments, yet fewer studies have focused on more rare peripheral nerve injuries. Our objective was to characterize peripheral nerve injuries in high school athletics with respect to incidence, time loss, mechanism, and diagnoses.

Methods: Sport-related nerve injury data on high school athletes were collected during the 2005/2006 through 2015/2016 academic years via the High School Reporting Information Online (RIO) database. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

[Clinical analysis of ankle arthroscopy technique for treatment of tarsal tunnel syndrome].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Oct;98(37):2995-2998

Department of Hand and Foot Microsurgery, Xuzhou Central Hospital, Xuzhou 221009, China.

To explore the effects of ankle arthroscopy technique in treating the tarsal tunnel syndrome. From May 2014 to May 2016, the ankle arthroscopy technique was used for surgical treatment of tarsal tunnel syndrome in the Department of Hand and Foot Microsurgery in Xuzhou Central Hospital. Twenty-two patients with 24 feet with tarsal tunnel syndrome were hospitalized for treatment, with 10 left feet and 14 right feet, aged 26-57 years. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Therapeutic Advantages of Internal Fixation with Kirschner Wire and Bone Grafting via Limited Tarsal Sinus Incision Approach for Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures of Children.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Nov 3;24:7862-7868. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Pediatric Orthopedics, Wuhan Fourth Hospital (Puai Hospital), Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACF) are a serious injury and are clinically considered to be an important source of disability. This study investigated therapeutic effects of internal fixation with Kirschner wire and bone grafting via limited tarsal sinus incision in pediatric DIACF. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective study included pediatric DIACF patients admitted to our department from June 2010 to February 2014. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Ultrasound-guided decompression surgery of the tarsal tunnel: a novel technique for the proximal tarsal tunnel syndrome-Part II.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Division of Clinical and Functional Anatomy, Medical University of Innsbruck (MUI), Müllerstr. 59, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: The aim of this study is to provide a safe ultrasound-guided minimally invasive surgical approach for a proximal tarsal tunnel release concerning nerve entrapments.

Methods And Results: The study was carried out on ten fresh-frozen feet. All of them were examined by high resolution ultrasound at the medial ankle region. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

[Tarsal conjunctiva: an exceptional localization of squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 19;30:139. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie de Fès, CHU Hassan II, Fès, Maroc.

We here report the case of a 48-year old patient with a family history of five deaths due to cancers with different localizations, presenting with ulcero-budding nodular swelling of the lower palpebral conjunctiva measuring 2cm long its longer axis, gradually increasing volume over one year. It involved the inner half of the lower tarsal conjunctiva closely with the lower lacrimal punctum (A). Tumor biopsy showed well differentiated squamous carcinoma of the conjunctiva. Read More

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November 2018

Magnetic resonance and radiographic imaging of a case of bilateral bipartite navicular bones in a horse.

Aust Vet J 2018 Nov;96(11):464-469

School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland, Australia.

Case Report: We describe the radiographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings associated with a case of bilateral forelimb bipartite navicular disease in a 7-year-old Warmblood gelding used for eventing. In addition to the radiographically evident partitioned navicular bones, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) also detected other concurrent abnormalities occurring within the foot that have not been described before in other cases of navicular bone partition. MRI not only revealed soft tissue lesions of the podotrochlear apparatus, but also allowed for more detailed characterisation of the recently diagnosed osseous navicular bone pathology. Read More

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November 2018

Mice harboring an MCTO mutation exhibit renal failure resembling nephropathy in human patients.

Exp Anim 2018 Oct 26. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba.

Multicentric carpotarsal osteolysis (MCTO) is a condition involving progressive osteolysis of the carpal and tarsal bones that is associated with glomerular sclerosis and renal failure (MCTO nephropathy). Previous work identified an autosomal dominant missense mutation in the transactivation domain of the transcription factor MAFB as the cause of MCTO. Several methods are currently used for MCTO nephropathy treatment, but these methods are invasive and lead to severe side effects, limiting their use. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Clinical-anatomic mapping of the tarsal tunnel with regard to Baxter's neuropathy in recalcitrant heel pain syndrome: part I.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Oct 27. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Division of Clinical and Functional Anatomy, Medical University of Innsbruck, Müllerstr. 59, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.

Purpose: Neuropathy of the Baxter nerve (BN) seems to be the first cause of the heel pain syndrome (HPS) of neurological origin.

Methods: 41 alcohol-glycerol embalmed feet were dissected. We documented the pattern of the branches of the tibial nerve (TN) and describe all relevant osteofibrous structures. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

SNP-based heritability and genetic architecture of tarsal osteochondrosis in North American Standardbred horses.

Anim Genet 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Veterinary Population Medicine Department, University of Minnesota, 225 Veterinary Medical Center, 1365 Gortner Avenue, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA.

Osteochondrosis is a common developmental orthopedic disease characterized by a failure of endochondral ossification. Standardbred horses are recognized as being predisposed to tarsal osteochondrosis. Prior heritability estimates for tarsal osteochondrosis in European Standardbreds and related trotting breeds have been based on pedigree data and range from 17-29%. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Mechanoreceptive sensillum fields at the tarsal tip of insect legs.

J Morphol 2018 Nov 22;279(11):1654-1664. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Institute of Biology II, Unit of Developmental Biology and Morphology of Animals, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

Groups of mechanoreceptive sensilla form small sensory fields on the ventral rim of the most distal tarsomeres in insects. Within these fields two or three sensilla are located closely together. Anterior and posterior fields are found in all three pairs of legs with only a few exceptions. Read More

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November 2018

Correction of lower eyelid retraction with hard palate graft in the anophthalmic socket.

Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 2;53(5):458-461. Epub 2018 Apr 2.

Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, and Beijing Ophthalmology & Visual Science Key Lab, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Lower eyelid retraction is a common and challenging complication of the anophthalmic socket. The underlying pathophysiology includes contraction of the posterior lamellae of the eyelid, shortening of the inferior fornix, and lateral canthal tendon laxity. This study aimed to evaluate the surgical efficacy of hard palate mucosa as a posterior spacer graft in the lower eyelid retraction repair in the anophthalmic socket. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Application of lateral tarsoconjunctival flap to correct ocular complications of Madelung's disease: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Oct;97(42):e12864

Department of Ophthalmology, Tri-Service General Hospital.

Rationale: Madelung's disease is a specific type of benign symmetric lipomatosis, which is characterized by overgrowing fat distributed at the neck and shoulder. This excessive fat accumulation may occur in different regions, including vital organs, such as the larynx, trachea, or the orbits. Surgery is usually performed to correct the esthetic or functional concern of the affected area. Read More

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October 2018
6 Reads

The Use of a Double Suture and Conjunctival Cuts in the Lateral Tarsal Strip: A New Approach to Involutional Ectropion.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov;29(8):2312-2315

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Eye Clinic, University of Messina, Messina.

Purpose: To describe the use of a double suture and conjunctival cuts in the lateral tarsal strip (LTS) and to evaluate postsurgical outcome in patients with severe involutional ectropion.

Methods: A prospective randomized study was conducted on 16 eyelids of 8 patients with symptomatic severe involutional ectropion. The 8 patients were between 62 and 79 years. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Pigmented Conjunctival Lesions as Presenting Signs of Vaginal Melanoma.

Ocul Oncol Pathol 2018 Sep 23;4(2):79-81. Epub 2017 Aug 23.

Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Lions Eye Institute-Albany Medical Center, Slingerlands, NY, USA.

A 43-year-old woman was referred to an oculoplastic surgeon for the evaluation of 2 small pigmented lesions in the tarsal conjunctiva. She underwent a biopsy of the lesions, both of which were found to be consistent with metastatic melanoma. Follow-up with the patient revealed that she had been hospitalized for balance issues and headaches. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Bone matrix hypermineralization associated with low bone turnover in a case of Nasu-Hakola disease.

Bone 2018 Oct 10. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Osteology at Hanusch Hospital of WGKK and AUVA Trauma Centre Meidling,, 1st Med. Dept. Hanusch Hospital, Vienna, Austria; Orthopedic Hospital of Speising, Pediatric Department, Vienna, Austria.

Analysis of tissue from a 34-years-old male patient from Austrian origin with a history of multiple fractures associated with painful episodes over the carpal, tarsal and at the end of the long bones respectively is presented. Radiographic images and axial 3DCT scans showed widespread defects in trabecular bone architecture and ill-defined cortices over these skeletal sites in the form of discrete cystic-like lesions. Family history indicated two sisters (one half and one full biological sisters) also with a history of fractures. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Fungus-feeding thrips of the genus Stephanothrips in Australia (Thysanoptera, Phlaeothripinae).

Zootaxa 2018 Jun 29;4442(1):181-186. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Australian National Insect Collection CSIRO, PO Box 1700, Canberra, ACT 2601..

Five species of Stephanothrips are now recorded from Australia, of which one is found worldwide, four are endemic, and two are described here as new species. S. broomei is remarkable for its colour pattern, and S. Read More

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A new species of Amolops (Anura: Ranidae) from southwestern Guangdong, China.

Zootaxa 2018 May 11;4418(6):562-576. Epub 2018 May 11.

State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol / The Museum of Biology, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, P.R. China.

A new species, Amolops yunkaiensis sp. nov. is described based on a series of specimens from Ehuangzhang Nature Reserve and Yunkaishan Nature Reserve, southwestern Guangdong Province, China. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Chinja, a new genus of spider from the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania (Araneae, Zoropsidae).

Zootaxa 2018 Sep 11;4472(3):545-562. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Museu de Zoologia "Adão José Cardoso", Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas-UNICAMP, Rua Charles Darwin s/n, Bloco N, Cx Postal 6109, 13.083-863, Campinas, SP, Brazil..

The new zoropsid spider genus Chinja Polotow Griswold is diagnosed and described and the following two new species are described: C. chinja sp. nov. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Talar beak sign: Tarsal coalition.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2018 Oct;62 Suppl 1:164-165

Department of Radiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, New South Wales, Australia.

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October 2018
1 Read

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) Serological and Lacrimal Signaling in Patients Affected by Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis (VKC).

J Ophthalmol 2018 16;2018:3850172. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Sapienza University of Rome, p. le A. Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy.

Background: Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a rare inflammatory disease involving the ocular surface, with seasonally exacerbated symptoms. Both type-1 and type-4 hypersensitivity reactions play a role in the development of VKC.

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to assess the presence and evaluate the concentration of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in tear and blood samples from patients with VKC, during the acute phase, based on the histopathological vasculostromal structure of the tarsal papillae. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Foot binding in a Ming dynasty cemetery near Xi'an, China.

Int J Paleopathol 2018 Oct 6;24:79-88. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, University of California Los Angeles, United States.

This paper describes the morphology of the feet of a population of elite women from the Ming dynasty (1368-1644 CE) in Shaanxi province. This is a social stratum, time, and place in which foot binding was practiced. Among a group of 31 skeletons exhumed from the cemetery, eight were women with well-preserved foot bones. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Guiding Treatment for Foot Pain.

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2018 11 14;29(4):783-792. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.

In the electrodiagnostic (EDX) approach of the patient who presents with foot pain, numbness, and/or tingling, it is important to consider a broad differential diagnosis of both neuropathic and nonneuropathic conditions, including focal and systemic causes. This article assists the electromyographer in the selection and utilization of the most appropriate EDX studies for evaluation. The EDX findings and impression can then help guide potential treatment options for the patient with foot pain and other symptoms. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Oldest ctenodactyloid tarsals from the Eocene of China and evolution of locomotor adaptations in early rodents.

BMC Evol Biol 2018 10 4;18(1):150. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100044, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Tamquammys has been considered one of the basal ctenodactyloid rodents, which has been documented in the earliest to middle Eocene (~ 56.0-48.5 Ma) in China. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read
3.368 Impact Factor

Talus Bipartitus: A Rare Anatomical Variant Presenting as an Entrapment Neuropathy of the Tibial Nerve within the Tarsal Tunnel.

Case Rep Orthop 2018 12;2018:2737982. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Trauma and Orthopaedics Institute "Carlos Ottolenghi", Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires, Peron 4190, C11000ABD CABA, Argentina.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is an entrapment neuropathy of the tibial nerve within the tarsal tunnel that lies beneath the retinaculum on the medial side of the ankle. It is often underdiagnosed. Talus bipartitus is a rare anatomical variant; only a few cases have been described in medical literature. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Multi-organ spreading of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovar 7 in weaned pigs during the first week after experimental infection.

Vet Res 2018 Sep 25;49(1):97. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Institute for Microbiology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15, 30173, Hannover, Germany.

Actinobacillus (A.) pleuropneumoniae is normally considered strictly adapted to the respiratory tract of swine. Despite this, scattered case reports of arthritis, osteomyelitis, hepatitis, meningitis or nephritis exist, in which A. Read More

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September 2018
9 Reads

Oval sign: A retained bee stinger.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;66(10):1466-1467

Tej Kohli Cornea Institute, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

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October 2018
4 Reads

A novel truncating mutation in MYH3 causes spondylocarpotarsal synostosis syndrome with basilar invagination.

J Hum Genet 2018 Dec 18;63(12):1277-1281. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Pediatrics, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Spondylocarpotarsal synostosis syndrome (SCT) is a rare group of skeletal dysplasias, characterized by disproportionate short stature with a short trunk, abnormal segmentation of the spine with vertebral fusion, scoliosis and lordosis, carpal and tarsal synostosis, and mild facial dysmorphisms. While the majority of the cases show autosomal recessive inheritance, only a few cases of vertical transmissions, with MYH3 mutations, have been reported. Here we report a case with typical SCT, carrying a novel heterozygous mutation in MYH3. Read More

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December 2018

is expressed as a gap gene but has no gap gene phenotype in the moth midge .

R Soc Open Sci 2018 Aug 22;5(8):180458. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

EMBL/CRG Research Unit in Systems Biology, Centre de Regulació Genòmica (CRG), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), Dr. Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain.

Gap genes are involved in segment determination during early development of the vinegar fly and other dipteran insects (flies, midges and mosquitoes). They are expressed in overlapping domains along the antero-posterior (A-P) axis of the blastoderm embryo. While gap domains cover the entire length of the A-P axis in there is a region in the blastoderm of the moth midge , which lacks canonical gap gene expression. Read More

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3D Printed Total Talar Replacement: A Promising Treatment Option for Advanced Arthritis, Avascular Osteonecrosis, and Osteomyelitis of the Ankle.

Clin Podiatr Med Surg 2018 Oct 14;35(4):403-422. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Department of Graduate Medical Education and Podiatric Surgery, Our Lady of Lourdes Memorial Hospital, 169 Riverside Drive, Binghamton, NY 13905, USA.

Advanced ankle arthritis, avascular osteonecrosis, and osteomyelitis of the ankle remain a surgical challenge in the foot and ankle arena with limited treatment options. Multiple medical comorbidities contribute to total loss of the talus. Collapse of the talar body as a complication of total ankle arthroplasty, talectomy in infection, and septic talus necrosis or severe bone defects caused by tumor resection may result in need for total talar replacement. Read More

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October 2018
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