12,590 results match your criteria Tapeworm Infestation


Recurrent eosinophilic pleuritis caused by sparganum infection: A case report and review of the literature.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 May;99(22):e20226

Department of Respiratory Medicine.

Rationale: Sparganosis is an infectious disease caused by a larval tapeworm of the genus Spirometra, which commonly invades subcutaneous tissues. Pulmonary and pleural involvement due to sparganum has been rarely reported previously.

Patient Concerns: We herein described a case of recurrent eosinophilic pleuritis in a 24-year-old woman. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020226DOI Listing

[Establishment of a recombinase-aided isothermal amplification assay for nucleic acid detection of and its preliminary application].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2020 Mar;32(2):168-173

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Chinese Center for Tropical Diseases Research; WHO Collaborating Centre for Tropical Diseases; National Center for International Research on Tropical Diseases, Ministry of Science and Technology; Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology of National Health Commission, Shanghai 200025, China.

Objective: To establish a rapid nucleic acid detection technique for identification of based on the recombinase aided isothermal amplification assay (RAA) and assess its diagnostic efficiency.

Methods: The mitochondrial gene sequence of (GenBank accession number: AB018440) was used as a target sequence. The primers were designed according to the RAA reaction principle and synthesized, and RAA was performed using the generated primers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2019284DOI Listing

In vitro efficacy study of Cinnamomum zeylanicum essential oil and cinnamaldehyde against the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus.

Exp Parasitol 2020 Jul 1;214:107904. Epub 2020 May 1.

Laboratorio de Zoonosis Parasitarias, Instituto de Investigaciones en Producción Sanidad y Ambiente (IIPROSAM), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Funes 3250, 7600, Mar del Plata, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina. Electronic address:

Hydatidosis or cystic echinococcosis is a disease caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato. Chemotherapy can be used alone or in combination with surgery or percutaneous treatment. Benzimidazoles are the only agents used and approved for treatment, but their efficacy is extremely variable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exppara.2020.107904DOI Listing

Host immune responses during Taenia solium Neurocysticercosis infection and treatment.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 04 16;14(4):e0008005. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Institute for Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene, Technical University of Munich (TUM), Munich, Germany.

Taenia solium cysticercosis and taeniasis (TSCT), caused by the tapeworm T. solium, is a foodborne and zoonotic disease classified since 2010 by WHO as a neglected tropical isease. It causes considerable impact on health and economy and is one of the leading causes of acquired epilepsy in most endemic countries of Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Asia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0008005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7162612PMC

The secretome of a parasite alters its host's behaviour but does not recapitulate the behavioural response to infection.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 04 15;287(1925):20200412. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Département de Biologie and Institut de Biologie Intégrative et des Systèmes (IBIS), Université Laval, Québec, Quebec, Canada G1V 0A6.

Parasites with complex life cycles have been proposed to manipulate the behaviour of their intermediate hosts to increase the probability of reaching their final host. The cause of these drastic behavioural changes could be manipulation factors released by the parasite in its environment (the secretome), but this has rarely been assessed. We studied a non-cerebral parasite, the cestode , and its intermediate host, the threespine stickleback (), whose response to danger becomes significantly diminished when infected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.0412DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211444PMC

Characterization of viruses in a tapeworm: phylogenetic position, vertical transmission, and transmission to the parasitized host.

ISME J 2020 Jul 14;14(7):1755-1767. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA.

Parasitic flatworms (Neodermata) infect all vertebrates and represent a significant health and economic burden worldwide due to the debilitating diseases they cause. This study sheds light for the first time into the virome of a tapeworm by describing six novel RNA virus candidate species associated with Schistocephalus solidus, including three negative-strand RNA viruses (order Jingchuvirales, Mononegavirales, and Bunyavirales) and three double-stranded RNA viruses. Using in vitro culture of S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41396-020-0642-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305300PMC

Comprehensive characterization of plasma cell-free Echinococcus spp. DNA in echinococcosis patients using ultra-high-throughput sequencing.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 04 13;14(4):e0008148. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Second People's Hospital of Tibet Autonomous Region, Lhasa, China.

Background: Echinococcosis is a life-threatening parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus spp. tapeworms with over one million people affected globally at any time. The Echinococcus spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0008148DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7209354PMC

Epidemiological characteristics of hepatic echinococcosis, concurrent cerebral echinococcosis, and pulmonary echinococcosis in Ganzi County, Sichuan Province, China.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Apr;99(15):e19753

Radiology, The First People's Hospital of Lognquanyi District, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Human echinococcosis has become a major public health problem in most parts of the world. The objective of this article was to study the demographics of patients with hepatic echinococcosis in Ganzi County to elucidate the main risk factors, as well as to report the concurrent prevalence of cerebral echinococcosis and pulmonary echinococcosis.We recruited 195 patients with hepatic echinococcosis from the Datongma area of Ganzi County from January 2018 to November 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019753DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7220390PMC

Old drug repurposing for neglected disease: Pyronaridine as a promising candidate for the treatment of Echinococcus granulosus infections.

EBioMedicine 2020 Apr 9;54:102711. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

State Key Laboratory of Pathogenesis, Prevention and Treatment of High Incidence Diseases in Central Asia, Clinical Medical Research Institute, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830054, China. Electronic address:

Background: Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a condition caused by the larval stage of the dog tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto, is a globally distributed zoonotic disease. Current treatment options for CE are limited, and an effective and safe anti-echinococcal drug is urgently required.

Methods: Drug repurposing strategy was employed to identify new therapeutic agents against echinococcal cysts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2020.102711DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7152711PMC

Co-administration of silymarin elevates the therapeutic effect of praziquantel through modulation of specific antibody profiles, Th1/Th2/Tregs cytokines and down-regulation of fibrogenesis in mice with Mesocestoides vogae (Cestoda) infection.

Exp Parasitol 2020 Jun 4;213:107888. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Laboratory of Biotransformation, Institute of Microbiology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Vídeňská 1083, CZ 14220, Prague, Czech Republic.

Silymarin (SIL) represents a natural mixture of polyphenols showing an array of health benefits. The present study, carried out on a model cestode infection induced by Mesocestoides vogae tetrathyridia in the ICR strain of mice, was aimed at investigating the impact of SIL as adjunct therapy on the activity of praziquantel (PZQ) in relation to parasite burden, immunity and liver fibrosis within 20 days post-therapy. In comparison with PZQ alone, co-administration of SIL and PZQ stimulated production of total IgG antibodies to somatic and excretory-secretory antigens of metacestodes and modified the expression patterns of immunogenic molecules in both antigenic preparations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exppara.2020.107888DOI Listing

Molecular characterization of human Echinococcus isolates and the first report of E. canadensis (G6/G7) and E. multilocularis from the Punjab Province of Pakistan using sequence analysis.

BMC Infect Dis 2020 Apr 3;20(1):262. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, MOH, Shanghai, China.

Background: Echinococcosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease causing serious health problems in both humans and animals in different endemic regions across the world. There are two different forms of human echinococcosis: Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) and Alveolar Echinococcosis (AE). CE is caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato and AE by the larval stage of Echinococcus multilocularis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-04989-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7118937PMC

Racemose Neurocysticercosis.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2020 04;102(4):703-704

Department of Neurosurgery, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Neurológicas, Lima, Perú.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.19-0868DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7124892PMC

Orbital Hydatid Cyst.

N Engl J Med 2020 Apr;382(14):1352

University of Patras, Patras, Greece

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMicm1911903DOI Listing

Giant Hydatid Cysts of the Lung and Liver.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2020;53:e20190492. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Çukurova University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Adana, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0492-2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7094033PMC

[Phylogenetic analysis of genotypes based on the GenBank database].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2020 Feb;32(1):36-46

Qinghai Provincial People's Hospital, Qinghai Province, Xining 810007, China.

Objective: To analyze the sequences of the cytochrome C oxidase subunit I () gene of various genotypes that are currently recorded in the GenBank database, so as to investigate the genetic variation and differentiation of the genotypes across the world.

Methods: The sequences of the gene of various genotypes that are currently recorded in the GenBank database were collected, and the same sequences of the gene identified from a region were excluded. The mutation sites among the gene sequences were identified and a phylogenetic tree was created based on the gene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2019147DOI Listing
February 2020

Multiplex cytokine and antibody profile in cystic echinococcosis patients during a three-year follow-up in reference to the cyst stages.

Parasit Vectors 2020 Mar 14;13(1):133. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, WHO Collaborating Center for Tropical Diseases, National Center for International Research on Tropical Diseases, Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology of the Chinese Ministry of Health, Shanghai, 200025, People's Republic of China.

Background: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a worldwide parasitic zoonosis caused by infection of the larval stage of tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. In human CE, the parasites develop and form cysts in internal organs. The differentiated cysts can be classified into five types based on WHO-IWGE standard CE1-5 representing different developmental stages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-020-4003-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071573PMC
March 2020
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Quantitative assessment of lesion load and efficacy of 3 cycles of albendazole in disseminated cysticercosis: a prospective evaluation.

BMC Infect Dis 2020 Mar 14;20(1):220. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

Department of Neurology, King George's Medical University, U.P, Lucknow, 226003, India.

Background: The management of disseminated cysticercosis is unclear and largely considered hazardous. The role of albendazole remains controversial in such patients.

Methods: A tertiary care, University hospital-based prospective intervention study was conducted from December 2015 to December 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-4891-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071677PMC

Cell-mediated and humoral immune profile to hydatidosis among naturally infected farm animals.

Vet World 2020 Jan 31;13(1):214-221. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Department of Parasitology and Animal Diseases, Veterinary Research Division, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt.

Background And Aim: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a widespread parasitic disease caused by tapeworm infect different intermediate hosts including sheep, cattle, and camels. The intermediate host's immune response to the hydatid cyst is still conflict and complex. The current study was designed to evaluate the immune response in sera of hydatid naturally infected sheep, cattle, and camels in the form of features of inflammatory cell infiltrations, levels of Th1 and Th2 cytokines, besides the humoral specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) responses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2020.214-221DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7020106PMC
January 2020

Targeted Sequencing of Genomic Repeat Regions Detects Circulating Cell-free Echinococcus DNA.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 03 10;14(3):e0008147. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Institute of Molecular Precision Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Key Laboratory of Molecular Precision Medicine of Hunan Province, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Background: Echinococcosis is a chronic zoonosis caused by tapeworms of the genus Echinococcus. Treatment of the disease is often expensive and complicated, sometimes requiring extensive surgery. Ultrasonographic imaging is currently the main technique for diagnosis, while immunological analysis provides additional information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0008147DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7083330PMC

Modelling for control strategies beyond 2020.

Bull World Health Organ 2020 Mar 27;98(3):198-205. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London Centre for Neglected Tropical Disease Research and MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis, Imperial College London, London W2 1PG, England.

The cestode is responsible for a considerable cross-sectoral health and economic burden due to human neurocysticercosis and porcine cysticercosis. The 2012 World Health Organization (WHO) roadmap for neglected tropical diseases called for the development of a validated strategy for control of ; however, such a strategy is not yet available. In 2019, WHO launched a global consultation aimed at refining the post-2020 targets for control of for a new roadmap for neglected tropical diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.238485DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047036PMC

Echinococcus granulosus in the Northern Territory, Australia: hydatid disease reported in beef cattle from the region.

Aust Vet J 2020 Mar 20;98(3):100-102. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, 2678, Australia.

Hydatid disease in beef cattle has been reported to be widespread throughout Australia, but cattle bred and raised in the Northern Territory were previously believed to be free of the disease. Between 2010 and 2016, 1061 cattle from the Northern Territory were slaughtered at a New South Wales abattoir and inspected for hydatid disease. The proportion of cattle reported infected with hydatid disease was 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avj.12916DOI Listing

Scolicidal Effects of Nanoparticles Against Hydatid Cyst Protoscolices in vitro.

Int J Nanomedicine 2020 17;15:1095-1100. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Department of Pharmacy, City University College of Ajman, Ajman 18484, United Arab Emirates.

Background: is causative agent of cystic echinococcosis (CE), which has a cosmopolitan distribution. The current methods for the treatment of human CE include surgery. Therefore, the development of new scolicidal agents with low side effects and more efficacies is an urgent need. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S228538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7034968PMC

Large-scale survey of a neglected agent of sparganosis Spirometra erinaceieuropaei (Cestoda: Diphyllobothriidae) in wild frogs in China.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 02 26;14(2):e0008019. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Department of Parasitology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Background: In China, frogs play an understudied role in the spread of human sparganosis (caused by the larval form of Spirometra). However, our knowledge about the prevalence of sparganum infection in frogs remains fragmented, and the taxonomic identification of the parasite is still controversial.

Methodology/principal Findings: The prevalence of sparganum infection in wild frogs was surveyed at 145 geographical locations from 28 of the 34 provinces/autonomous regions/municipalities in China for six years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0008019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7043720PMC
February 2020

In vitro evaluations on canine monocyte-derived dendritic cells of a nanoparticles delivery system for vaccine antigen against Echinococcus granulosus.

PLoS One 2020 26;15(2):e0229121. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Université de Lyon, VetAgro Sup, UPSP ICE 2011.03.101, Marcy L'Etoile, France.

Since dogs play a central role in the contamination of humans and livestock with Echinococcus granulosus, the development of an effective vaccine for dogs is essential to control the disease caused by this parasite. For this purpose, a formulation based on biodegradable polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) as delivery system of recombinant Echinococcus granulosus antigen (tropomyosin EgTrp) adjuved with monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA) has been developed. The obtained nanoparticles had a size of approximately 200 nm in diameter into which the antigen was correctly preserved and encapsulated. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0229121PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7043750PMC

[Surveillance of echinococcosis in Yixing City from 2011 to 2018].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2019 Dec;31(6):638-640

Yixing Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jiangsu Province, Yixing 214206, China.

Objective: To analyze the results of echinococcosis surveillance in Yixing City from 2011 to 2018, so as to provide insights into echinococcosis control in the city.

Methods: All echinococcosis cases reported in Yixing City since 2007 that were captured from the China National Notifiable Infectious Disease Reporting Information System of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention received a case study, and serological test and transabdominal B-mode ultrasound screening were performed among permanent residents and mutton market workers in Fangdong and Fangzhuang villages of Yixing City from 2011 to 2018. The cyst, mass and tubercle were detected in the liver and lung of the sheep from the mutton markets, and the coproantigen was detected in the canine stool samples from Fangdong and Fangzhuang villages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2019201DOI Listing
December 2019

[Study on the molecular phylogeny of in Qinghai Province].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2019 Nov;31(6):628-634

Clinical Research Institute of Hydatid Disease, Qinghai Provincial People's Hospital, Xining 810007, China.

Objective: To amplify and sequence and genes in isolates from Qinghai Province, and to create phylogenetic trees and molecular clocks, so as to provide evidence for estimating the evolutionary relationships and origins of in Qinghai Province.

Methods: Twenty-two post-surgical specimens of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis were sampled from Qinghai Provincial People's Hospital in 2017. The and genes were amplified from samples and sequenced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2018104DOI Listing
November 2019

[Dynamic changes of myeloid-derived suppressor cells and regulatory T cells in livers of mice infected with ].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2019 Nov;31(6):622-627

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Chinese Center for Tropical Diseases Research; WHO Collaborating Centre for Tropical Diseases; National Center for International Research on Tropical Diseases, Ministry of Science and Technology; Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, National Health Commission, Shanghai 200025, China.

Objective: To investigate the dynamics changes of the myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and regulatory T (Treg) cells in mice infected with and explore the possible biological significance.

Methods: Thirty female BALB/c mice of 6 weeks old were randomly divided into the infection and control groups, of 15 mice in each group. Mice in the infection group were intraperitoneally injected with 2 000 protoscoleces, while those in the control group were injected with the same volume of physiological saline. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.16250/j.32.1374.2019154DOI Listing
November 2019

Pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution study of liposomal albendazole in naturally Echinococcus granulosus infected sheep by a validated UPLC-Q-TOF-MS method.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2020 Mar 1;1141:122016. Epub 2020 Feb 1.

State Key Laboratory of Pathogenesis, Prevention and Treatment of High Incidence Diseases in Central Asia, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830054, PR China. Electronic address:

Albendazole (ABZ) is the first-line drug in treating echinococcosis, which is recommended by WHO. To address the poor bioavailability of albendazole, liposomal albendazole was formulated and is available in our hospital for many years. In this study, a sensitive, reliable and accurate UPLC-Q-TOF-MS method was developed and validated for the determination of albendazole and its metabolites, albendazole sulfoxide (ABZSO), albendazole sulfone (ABZSO) and albendazole-2-aminosulfone (ABZSONH) in naturally echinococcus granulosus (E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2020.122016DOI Listing

First report of Davaneidae and Strongylida parasitizing Ramphocelus carbo (Aves: Passeriformes: Thraupidae) in the southwest of the Brazilian Amazon region.

Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 2020 10;29(1):e016719. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Natureza, Universidade Federal do Acre - UFAC, Rio Branco, AC, Brasil.

In Brazil, species of the genus Ramphocelus with the presence of various endoparasites have already been reported. Coccidia have been the parasites most frequently found. All species of this genus have similar habitats and ecological niches, which makes parasite transmission easy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612019105DOI Listing

Screening municipal waste collectors for cystic echinococcosis and toxocariasis in southwestern Iran.

J Infect Dev Ctries 2019 02 28;13(2):154-161. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Introduction: Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) and toxocariasis caused by the larval stages of intestinal dog worms including Echinococcus granulosus and Toxocara spp. are among the most widespread zoonotic diseases.

Methodology: Four hundred municipal waste collectors were serologically evaluated for CE and toxocariasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3855/jidc.10614DOI Listing
February 2019

Long-lasting undetected neurocysticercosis.

J Infect Dev Ctries 2019 01 31;13(1):87-92. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia.

Neurocysticercosis is the most common parasitic disease of the nervous system, nevertheless, it can remain undetected for a long period of time, especially if it occurs in non endemic areas and regions with low-endemicity. Inadequate diagnostic procedures and lack of clinician's dedication towards this health issue can lead to a missed diagnose. Herein, we present a case of a 51-year-old male, with a missed diagnosis of neurocysticercosis for more than two decades. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3855/jidc.10176DOI Listing
January 2019

You are how you eat: differences in trophic position of two parasite species infecting a single host according to stable isotopes.

Parasitol Res 2020 Apr 6;119(4):1393-1400. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Department of Zoology, University of Johannesburg, 524 Auckland Park, Johannesburg, 2006, South Africa.

Parasitism is commonly recognised as a consumer strategy, although, the interaction of parasites in communities and ecosystems are generally poorly understood. As parasites are integral parts of food webs, analysis of the trophic interactions between parasites and hosts was assessed through comparison of stable isotope ratios of carbon (C/C) and nitrogen (N/N). Largemouth yellowfish (Labeobarbus kimberleyensis) infected with the Asian tapeworm (Schyzocotyle acheilognathi) were collected from the Vaal Dam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-020-06619-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7176597PMC

Arginase promotes immune evasion of Echinococcus granulosus in mice.

Parasit Vectors 2020 Feb 6;13(1):49. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, 200025, China.

Background: Cystic echinococcosis is a chronic disease caused by infection with the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus. The parasite's ability to establish persistent infection is partly due to its evolving immune evasion strategies. One strategy may involve the protective effect of arginase, which impedes the control of pathogens or tumors, whereas it remains largely unknown during E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-020-3919-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7006169PMC
February 2020

Consumer knowledge and practices to pork safety in two Taenia solium cysticercosis endemic districts in Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.

BMC Infect Dis 2020 Feb 6;20(1):107. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Durban, South Africa.

Background: Globally, Taenia solium can cause cysticercosis in humans (including neurocysticercosis) and in pigs through ingestion of eggs and taeniasis in humans through ingestion of raw/undercooked pork contaminated with mature cysts. It is now recognised globally as one of the most prevalent food-borne parasitic diseases. The majority of cases have been reported in developing countries where consumption of food produced under unhygienic conditions is prevalent, exacerbated by lack of food safety education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-4839-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7006060PMC
February 2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Bertiella sp. (Cestoda, Anoplocephalidae) infection in a human and howler monkeys in Argentina.

Parasitol Res 2020 Apr 6;119(4):1291-1300. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Centro de Estudios Parasitológicos y de Vectores (CEPAVE-CONICET-UNLP), Boulevard 120 S/N entre 60 y 64, 1900, La Plata, Argentina.

Bertiella sp. is a typical parasite in non-human primates and only a few cases of bertiellosis have been reported in humans. We present a new case study of bertiellosis in a 42-year-old woman caretaker of howler monkeys in a wild rehabilitation center in Argentina. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-020-06615-5DOI Listing

Diagnostic performance of mini parasep solvent-free foecal parasite concentrator for the diagnosis of intestinal parasitic infections.

Indian J Med Microbiol 2019 Jul-Sep;37(3):381-386

Department of Medical Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Introduction: Various stool concentration techniques have been used to increase the microscopic detection of parasites. We assessed the enclosed, single-vial, Mini Parasep technique in comparison to the currently used coprodiagnosis procedures.

Materials And Methods: A total of 150 stool samples were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_19_44DOI Listing

Imported hepatopulmonary echinococcosis: first report of Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto (G1) in Bolivia.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2020 27;53:e20180046. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Santa Maria, RS, Brasil.

Hepatopulmonary hydatidosis in young children is a rare and atypical presentation of Echinococcus granulosus infection. We report the first case of cystic echinococcosis caused by a microvariant of E. granulosus sensu stricto. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0046-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7083390PMC
March 2020
0.942 Impact Factor

Ischio-anal fossa hydatid cyst.

Int J Infect Dis 2020 Mar 22;92:181-183. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Department of General Surgery and Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan.

Extrahepatic hydatid disease has been reported in several locations, including the pelvis, and it often poses a diagnostic challenge. There are very few reported cases of primary perineal ischio-anal fossa hydatid cysts. We present a case of a 46-year-old female who had complained of painless left perianal mass for 8 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.01.015DOI Listing

Human Alveolar Echinococcosis, Croatia.

Emerg Infect Dis 2020 Feb;26(2):364-366

Alveolar echinococcosis is a parasitic disease caused by the tapeworm larval stage of Echinococcus multilocularis. This zoonotic disease has not been known to occur in Croatia. We report a confirmed case of human alveolar echinococcosis in a patient in Croatia who had never visited a known E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2602.181826DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6986858PMC
February 2020

Molecular identification of and species based on copro-DNA analysis of wild carnivores in Mongolia.

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2020 Apr 17;11:72-82. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Department of Biology, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

Cyclophyllidean tapeworms obligatorily parasitize numerous mammalian species, including herbivores, domestic animals and humans, of which, the genera and are well characterized. However, little is known about these parasitic infections in wild animals. This study aims to investigate the prevalence and distribution of sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2019.12.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6956752PMC

Suppression of systemic lupus erythematosus in NZBWF1 mice infected with Hymenolepis microstoma.

Parasitol Int 2020 Jun 16;76:102057. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Department of Parasitology, Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma University, Gunma, Japan; Department of Parasitology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Intestinal helminths induce immune suppressive responses thought to regulate inflammatory diseases including allergies and autoimmune diseases. This study was designed to evaluate whether helminthic infections suppress the natural development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in NZBWF1 mice. Infection of NZBWF1 SLE-prone mice with two nematodes failed to establish long-lasting settlement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2020.102057DOI Listing

Serologic Diagnosis of Taenia Solium Cysticercosis through Linear Unmixing Analysis of Biosignals from ACEK Capacitive Sensing Method.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2019 07;2019:2261-2264

Cysticercosis is a parasitic infection caused by adult tapeworms, and it constantly plagues the livelihoods of people from subsistence farming communities in developing countries. Diagnosis of Cysticercosis typically requires both central nervous system imaging and serological testing. The most common methods in serological testing are Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and Enzyme Immuno-electrotransfer Blot (EITB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2019.8856493DOI Listing

Systematic review of the effectiveness of selected drugs for preventive chemotherapy for Taenia solium taeniasis.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 01 16;14(1):e0007873. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Preventive chemotherapy is a useful tool for the control of Taenia solium taeniasis and cysticercosis. The aim of this systematic review is to assess the scientific evidence concerning the effectiveness and safety of different drugs in preventive chemotherapy for T. solium taeniasis in endemic populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007873DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6964831PMC
January 2020

Labial hydatid cyst - A rare entity.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2019 Sep-Dec;23(3):418-421

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Bardhaman Dental College and Hospital, Bardhaman, West Bengal, India.

Hydatid cyst is a parasitic infestation by tapeworm . This endemic disease is prevalent in the Middle East and Southeast Asian populations. This zoonotic disease is mainly transmitted by cattle and dogs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_322_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6948068PMC
January 2020

Analysis of Factors Influencing Cystic Echinococcosis in Northwest Non-Qinghai Tibetan Plateau Regions of China.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2020 03;102(3):567-573

Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an important health problem in northwest non-Qinghai Tibetan Plateau regions of China. Understanding CE risk factors may help in formulating effective prevention and control measures. In the current study, negative binomial regression was used to analyze CE-related factors using prevalence data from 147 counties (cities, districts, and banners) in northwest non-Qinghai Tibetan Plateau regions of China gathered from a national survey conducted in 2012, county economic data, and livestock production data for 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0703DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7056441PMC
March 2020
2.699 Impact Factor

Comparison of the effects of multiple variables on the levels of infection of the rat tapeworm, , in its intermediate host, the confused flour beetle .

J Helminthol 2020 Jan 14;94:e116. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Biology Department, University of Vermont, Marsh Life Science Building, Burlington, VT05405, USA.

The interaction of the rat tapeworm, Hymenolepis diminuta, with its intermediate beetle host, Tribolium confusum, is a well-studied model system. However, there is so much variation in the methods and designs of the studies that it is difficult to draw comparisons. This study simultaneously compared several aspects of the infection protocol including beetle age, sex, density and mating status; parasite egg condition, infection environment humidity and the times for the three steps of infection: starvation, feeding and post-feeding development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X19001123DOI Listing
January 2020

Successful surgical management of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis by inductive therapy with albendazole - a case report.

Z Gastroenterol 2020 Jan 13;58(1):63-67. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Infectious Diseases, Pneumology; Leipzig University Hospital, Leipzig, Germany.

We report the case of a 65-year-old female patient with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (AE) caused by Echinococcus multilocularis. This infrequent zoonosis has a considerable morbidity and mortality. The malignant appearing hepatic mass was initially misdiagnosed as cholangiocarcinoma of the right hepatic lobe (segments VII, VIII, and IVa, sized 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1039-1755DOI Listing
January 2020

Gastrointestinal helminth parasites of the common wallaroo or euro, (Gould) (Marsupialia: Macropodidae) from Australia.

Authors:
I Beveridge

J Helminthol 2020 Jan 13;94:e114. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

The gastrointestinal helminth parasites of 170 common wallaroos or euros, Osphranter robustus (Gould), collected from all mainland states in which the species occurs as well as the Northern Territory, are presented, including previously published data. A total of 65 species of helminths were encountered, including four species of anoplocephalid cestodes found in the bile ducts and small intestine, and 61 species of strongylid nematodes, all but two of which occurring in the stomach, and with the remainder occurring in the terminal ileum, caecum and colon. Among the mainland subspecies of O. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X19001032DOI Listing
January 2020

First case of human neurocoenurosis caused by Taenia serialis: A case report.

Int J Infect Dis 2020 Mar 9;92:171-174. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Department of Neurosurgery and Neuro-Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan.

Human coenurosis is caused by the larval stages of Taenia species, mainly Taenia multiceps and Taenia serialis. T. multiceps has been reported to cause human central nervous system (CNS) infections, but no CNS case caused by T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.01.004DOI Listing

Incorrect reports of Eimeria spp. from dogs-Veterinary and medical parasitologists should work closer.

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2020 04 7;69:101420. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cimid.2020.101420DOI Listing