316 results match your criteria Swyer-James Syndrome Imaging

Swyer-James-MacLeod Syndrome: The Hyperlucent Lung.

Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging 2020 Jun 18;2(3):e190246. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Instituto de Radiologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Rua Dr. Ovídio Pires de Campos, 75-Cerqueira César, São Paulo, SP, CEP 05403-010, Brazil.

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Cardiothoracic imaging findings of Proteus syndrome.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 22;11(1):6577. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Branch, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, Room B1D416, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD, 20814, USA.

In this work, we sought to delineate the prevalence of cardiothoracic imaging findings of Proteus syndrome in a large cohort at our institution. Of 53 individuals with a confirmed diagnosis of Proteus syndrome at our institution from 10/2001 to 10/2019, 38 individuals (men, n = 23; average age = 24 years) underwent cardiothoracic imaging (routine chest CT, CT pulmonary angiography and/or cardiac MRI). All studies were retrospectively and independently reviewed by two fellowship-trained cardiothoracic readers. Read More

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Incidental Diagnosis of Swyer-James-MacLeod Syndrome in a Military Pilot.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2021 Apr;92(4):281-285

Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome (SJMS) is a specific form of bronchiolitis obliterans that occurs rarely, but represents recognized sequelae of common pediatric respiratory illness, and presents as unilateral hyperlucency on chest imaging. This case study describes such an incidental radiographic finding identified during the assessment of chest wall discomfort in a military pilot. A 35-yr-old military pilot presented to his flight surgeon with vague intermittent chest discomfort. Read More

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Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome presenting as spontaneous pneumothorax in an adult: Case report and review of literature.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 May 8;16(5):1133-1137. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Surgery, AUSL Piacenza, Via Taverna 49, 29121 Piacenza, Italy.

Swyer-James-MacLeod Syndrome (SJMS) is an uncommon, emphysematous disease characterized by obliteration of the small bronchioles, hypoplasia/or absence of pulmonary artery and peripheral vascular bed. It is most commonly diagnosed in childhood. Patients are often asymptomatic or they could suffer from symptoms of recurrent pulmonary infections. Read More

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Recurrent Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Reveal Swyer-James-MacLeod Syndrome in a 63-year-old Patient.

Cureus 2021 Jan 10;13(1):e12601. Epub 2021 Jan 10.

Pulmonology Department, Laiko General Hospital, Athens, GRC.

Swyer-James-Macleod syndrome is an infrequent clinical condition characterized by unilateral hyperlucent lung as a complication following infectious bronchiolitis obliterans, typically diagnosed during childhood. However, in some patients, the diagnosis may be confirmed in adulthood. The syndrome can be misdiagnosed with other lung disorders such as asthma, pulmonary embolism, and pneumothorax, leading to inappropriate management and worse outcome. Read More

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January 2021

A Young Female With a Hyperlucent and Hyperinflated Lung Segment.

Biplab K Saha

Am J Med Sci 2021 02 28;361(2):e13-e14. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Ozarks Medical Center, 1100 Kentucky Avenue, West Plains, MO 65775, United States. Electronic address:

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February 2021

Swyer-James-Macleod Syndrome: Case Report and Brief Literature Review.

S D Med 2019 Nov;72(11):518-520

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, Sleep and Allergy, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska.

Swyer-James-Macleod syndrome is a rare radiologic entity with radiolucent lung fields which could include the entire lung, a lobe or a subsegment. The pathogenesis is unclear but is thought to be related to childhood pulmonary viral and non-viral infections with subsequent vascular and alveolar distortion. It usually presents incidentally in asymptomatic patients on imaging, but could present with recurrent pulmonary infections, shortness of breath, cough, hemoptysis or bronchiectasis. Read More

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November 2019

Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome and pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: a rare combination.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Jan 8;13(1). Epub 2020 Jan 8.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen Hospitals NHS Trust, Liverpool, UK.

This case describes a female patient who presented with an acute on chronic deterioration in respiratory symptoms, on a background of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and heavy cigarette smoking. Chest radiograph demonstrated long-standing hyperlucency of the right lower lobe, with further imaging later confirming the rare combination of Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome and multiple pulmonary arteriovenous malformations within the affected lung. Read More

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January 2020

Lung Hyperlucency: A Clinical-Radiologic Algorithmic Approach to Diagnosis.

Chest 2020 01 26;157(1):119-141. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

Pulmonary, Critical Care & Sleep Medicine, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY; Medicine and Radiology, Barbara and Donald Zuckerberg School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Areas of diminished lung density are frequently identified both on routine chest radiographs and chest CT examinations. Colloquially referred to as hyperlucent foci of lung, a broad range of underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms and differential diagnoses account for these changes. Despite this, the spectrum of etiologies can be categorized into underlying parenchymal, airway, and vascular-related entities. Read More

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January 2020

Synergistic application of pulmonary F-FDG PET/HRCT and computer-based CT analysis with conventional severity measures to refine current risk stratification in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2019 Sep 8;46(10):2023-2031. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Institute of Nuclear Medicine, UCL(H) and University College London Hospital, 235 Euston Rd, London, NW1 2BU, UK.

Introduction: To investigate the combined performance of quantitative CT (qCT) following a computer algorithm analysis (IMBIO) and F-FDG PET/CT to assess survival in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).

Methods: A total of 113 IPF patients (age 70 ± 9 years) prospectively and consecutively underwent F-FDG PET/CT and high-resolution CT (HRCT) at our institution. During a mean follow-up of 29. Read More

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September 2019

A Case Report of Congenitally Absent Pericardium Masquerading as Recurrent Pericarditis.

Hawaii J Med Public Health 2019 04;78(4):137-140

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu, HI.

A 24-year-old female with a history of Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome presented with acute onset of pleuritic chest pain and was initially diagnosed with acute pericarditis. The 12-lead electrocardiogram demonstrated typical diffuse ST-segment elevation and PR-segment depression. Symptoms resolved rapidly with anti-inflammatory therapy consisting of ibuprofen and colchicine. Read More

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Unrecognized hyperlucent lesion on lateral film of chest X-Ray.

Ann Card Anaesth 2018 Oct-Dec;21(4):440-441

Department of Cardiothoracic Vascular Surgery, SGPGIMS, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

We report an interesting case of bulla right lung, incidently found during CABG surgery. Read More

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Unilateral hyperlucent lung.

J Bras Pneumol 2018 May-Jun;44(3):182

. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (RJ) Brasil.

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February 2019

Unilateral lung hyperinflation caused by bridging bronchus on chest radiography in an infant.

Pediatr Int 2018 Jul 20;60(7):669-670. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Pediatric Radiology, Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.

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Recurrent Wheeze in a Young Patient.

Ann Acad Med Singap 2018 Jan;47(1):48-50

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, Singapore.

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January 2018

An incidental image of a patient with chest pain after fall from a tree: Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome?

Am J Emerg Med 2018 May 9;36(5):909.e5-909.e6. Epub 2018 Feb 9.

Bozok University, Department of Emergency Medicine, Yozgat, Turkey.

Unilateral hyperlucent lung was firstly described by Swyer and James 1950s. After that, some patients with same disease were detected by Macleod . Then this syndrome was named as Swyer- James-Macleod syndrome (SJMS), and this syndrome includes a smaller or normal sized unilateral hyperlucent lung. Read More

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Three-dimensional CT scan for Swyer-James syndrome.

Tuberk Toraks 2017 09;65(3):258-259

Division of Respiratory Medicine, Mito Medical Center, Tsukuba University, Mito, Japan.

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September 2017

Swyer-James Syndrome.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2018 01;197(1):130-131

1 Department of Respiratory Medicine and Infectious Disease.

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January 2018

[Readmission of children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia in the first 2 years of life: a clinical analysis of 121 cases].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2017 Oct;19(10):1056-1060

Department of Respiratory Diseases, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University/Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders/China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Child Development and Critical Disorders/Chongqing Engineering Research Center of Stem Cell Therapy, Chongqing 400014, China.

Objective: To investigate the clinical features of readmitted children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in the first 2 years of life.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 242 children with BPD who were readmitted due to recurrent lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) in the first 2 years of life.

Results: Among all the 242 children with BPD, 115(47. Read More

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October 2017

Multimodal imaging findings in an adult case of Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome.

Respirol Case Rep 2017 07 17;5(4):e00236. Epub 2017 Apr 17.

Department of Internal Medicine Toyama Prefectural Central Hospital Toyama Japan.

Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome (SJMS) is an uncommon obliterative lung disease that is radiologically characterized by hyperlucency of a part of or the entire lung. A 33-year-old man presented to our hospital for chest tightness. A chest X-ray revealed unilateral hyperlucency of left lower lung, and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) of the chest disclosed a hyperlucent left lung without vascularity. Read More

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Bilateral congenital lobar emphysema: staged management.

J Pediatr Surg 2017 Sep 31;52(9):1442-1445. Epub 2017 Jan 31.

Division of Pediatric General, Thoracic and Fetal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Only a few isolated cases in the literature exist to guide management of bilateral congenital lobar emphysema (CLE). Here, we review our experience in infants with bilateral CLE.

Methods: A case series of all infants presenting with bilateral CLE from 2014 to 2015 in a single institution. Read More

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September 2017

A Bronchovascular Anomaly in a Patient With 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome.

J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2016;26(6):390-392

Department of Translational Medical Sciences, Unit of Immunology, Federico II University, Naples, Italy.

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November 2017

Treatment of a giant pulmonary emphysematous cyst with primary bronchoalveolar papillary carcinoma in a Shih Tzu dog.

Vet Surg 2017 Jan 28;46(1):158-164. Epub 2016 Nov 28.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

Objective: To report the surgical treatment of a pulmonary emphysematous cyst concurrent with primary pulmonary bronchoalveolar papillary carcinoma in a dog.

Study Design: Clinical case report.

Animals: 12-year-old 6. Read More

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January 2017

An unusual cause of pulmonary hypertension: Swyer-James-Macleod syndrome.

Int J Cardiol 2016 Nov 8;223:212-214. Epub 2016 Aug 8.

Gaziantep University, Medical School, Department of Cardiology, Turkey.

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November 2016

Swyer-James-Macleod syndrome mimicking an acute pulmonary embolism: a report of six adult cases and a retrospective analysis.

Clin Respir J 2018 Feb 1;12(2):404-409. Epub 2016 Aug 1.

Deparment of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Ordu University, Ordu, Turkey.

Background And Aim: In patients with pulmonary embolism (PE), a pulmonary radiograph may reveal oligemic fields (the Westermark sign) associated with sites of occlusion of the pulmonary arteries, interruption or loss of the artery line (the knuckle sign), and even unilateral hyperlucency attributable to reduced overall lung vascularity. In Swyer-James-Macleod syndrome (SJMS), which develops as a result of bronchiolitis obliterans, unilateral hyperlucency is evident because of emphysema and hypoplasia of the pulmonary artery and its branches. Therefore, SJMS cases with clinical and laboratory data compatible with PE may in fact be confused with PE. Read More

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February 2018

A rare case of unilateral severe bullous emphysema in a 32-year-old female.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2016 Jul 20;24(6):597-600. Epub 2016 May 20.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, National Heart Centre, Singapore.

Congenital bullous emphysema is defined as large bullae involving at least one-third of a hemithorax. We describe the case of a 32-year-old female who presented with increasing shortness of breath. Radiological investigations revealed severe emphysema with hyperexpansion of the right lung and a mediastinal shift to the left. Read More

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A Pulmonary Sequestered Segment with an Aberrant Pulmonary Arterial Supply: A Case of Unique Anomaly.

Korean J Radiol 2016 Mar-Apr;17(2):302-5. Epub 2016 Mar 2.

Department of Radiology, Eulji Hospital, Eulji University, Seoul 01830, Korea.

We presented a rare case of a 64-year-old man with a combined anomaly of the bronchus and pulmonary artery that was detected incidentally. Computed tomography showed a hyperlucent, aerated sequestered segment of the right lower lung with an independent ectopic bronchus, which had no connection to the other airway. The affected segment was supplied by its own aberrant pulmonary artery branch from the right pulmonary trunk. Read More

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November 2016

Lung volume reduction of pulmonary emphysema: the radiologist task.

Curr Opin Pulm Med 2016 Mar;22(2):179-86

Division of Radiology, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.

Purpose Of Review: Several lung volume reduction (LVR) techniques have been increasingly evaluated in patients with advanced pulmonary emphysema, especially in the last decade. Radiologist plays a pivotal role in the characterization of parenchymal damage and, thus, assessment of eligibility criteria. This review aims to discuss the most common LVR techniques, namely LVR surgery, endobronchial valves, and coils LVR, with emphasis on the role of computed tomography (CT). Read More

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Swyer-James-Macleod syndrome: a rare finding and important differential in the ED setting.

Am J Emerg Med 2016 Jul 21;34(7):1329.e3-4. Epub 2015 Dec 21.

Department of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, RUMC, Staten Island, NY.

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Complication of post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (Swyer-James syndrome).

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2015 Sep-Oct;61(5):404-6

Medical Department, Faculdade São Lucas, Porto Velho, RO, Brazil.

Swyer-James syndrome is a complication of post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans that causes inflammation and fibrosis of the bronchial walls. There are two types: asymptomatic, with most cases diagnosed in adults during routine radiological examinations; and symptomatic, most commonly found in children. Here, we report the case of a 6-year-old child with recurrent dyspnea since the age of 3, who showed signs and symptoms of bronchiolitis obliterans and radiological signs of bronchial wall thickening and air trapping. Read More

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