47 results match your criteria Swimmer's Shoulder

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The Swimmer's Shoulder: Multi-directional Instability.

Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med 2018 Jun;11(2):167-171

Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E 70th Street, New York, NY, 10021, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Swimmer's shoulder is the term used to describe the problem of shoulder pain in swimmers. Originally described as supraspinatus tendon impingement under the coracoacromial arch, it is now understood that several different pathologies can cause shoulder pain in competitive swimmers, including subacromial impingement syndrome, overuse and subsequent muscle fatigue, scapular dyskinesis, and laxity and instability.

Recent Findings: Swimmers may develop increased shoulder laxity over time due to repetitive use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12178-018-9485-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5970120PMC
June 2018
32 Reads

SHOULDER PAIN IN COMPETITIVE TEENAGE SWIMMERS AND IT'S PREVENTION: A RETROSPECTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY OF PREVALENCE.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2017 Oct;12(5):798-811

University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy.

Background: The term "swimmer's shoulder" was first introduced in 1974 by Kennedy and Hawkins to describe a common condition among competitive swimmers characterized by pain and dysfunction of the shoulder complex. Currently, the term does not define a specific clinical diagnosis and its etiology is considered to be multifactorial. In the literature shoulder pain prevalence varies according to the adopted definitions (from 3% to 91%); however, in the Italian environment there is no prevalence study regarding swimmer shoulder. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5685406PMC
October 2017
2 Reads

Effect of Swim Training on the Physical Characteristics of Competitive Adolescent Swimmers.

Am J Sports Med 2016 11 18;44(11):2813-2819. Epub 2016 Oct 18.

Tampa Bay Rays, St Petersburg, Florida, USA.

Background: Subacromial space distance and forward head and shoulder posture are common characteristics resulting from swim training. These alterations can cause abnormal scapular kinematics and positioning, potentially increasing compression of structures in the subacromial space and increasing the risk for the development of swimmer's shoulder.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of the swim training season on subacromial space distance and forward head and forward shoulder posture as well as to determine the relationship between these variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546516669506DOI Listing
November 2016
8 Reads

Swimmer's Shoulder: Painful Shoulder in the Competitive Swimmer.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2016 Aug;24(8):527-36

From the Department of Orthopedics, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA (Dr. Matzkin), and Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA (Ms. Suslavich and Mr. Wes).

Swimmer's shoulder is a broad term often used to diagnose shoulder injury in swimmers. However, research has elucidated several specific shoulder injuries that often are incurred by the competitive swimmer. Hyperlaxity, scapular dyskinesis, subacromial impingement, labral damage, os acromiale, suprascapular nerve entrapment, and glenohumeral rotational imbalances all may be included within a differential diagnosis for shoulder pain in the competitive swimmer. Read More

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http://pdfs.journals.lww.com/jaaos/2016/08000/Swimmer_s_Shou
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-15-00313DOI Listing
August 2016
4 Reads

Luxatio erecta humeri in the swimmer's shoulder: A combination of ligamentous laxity and motion dyskinesis.

J Emerg Trauma Shock 2016 Jan-Mar;9(1):39-40

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Luke's University Health Network, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0974-2700.167665DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4766765PMC
March 2016
4 Reads

Comparison of Upper Extremity Physical Characteristics Between Adolescent Competitive Swimmers and Nonoverhead Athletes.

J Athl Train 2016 Jan 21;51(1):65-9. Epub 2016 Jan 21.

Department of Exercise and Sport Science, and.

Context: Alterations to upper extremity physical characteristics of competitive swimmers (posture, range of motion [ROM], and subacromial-space distance) are commonly attributed to cumulative training load during a swimmer's competitive career. However, this accepted clinical belief has not been established in the literature. It is important to understand whether alterations in posture and associated physical characteristics occur as a result of sport training or factors other than swimming participation to better understand injury risk and possible interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-51.2.04DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4851131PMC
January 2016
34 Reads

PREVALENCE OF MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN AMONG SWIMMERS IN AN ELITE NATIONAL TOURNAMENT.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2015 Dec;10(7):1026-34

Master's and Doctoral Program in Physiotherapy, Universidade Cidade de São Paulo (UNICID), São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Professional swimmers are often affected by a high number of injuries due to their large amount of training. The occurrence of musculoskeletal pain during an important tournament has not been investigated.

Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and its characteristics in professional swimmers. Read More

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https://www.spts.org/Assets/files/Public/V10N7/IJSPT-10_7-12
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4675188PMC
December 2015
7 Reads

Medical Care of the Aquatics Athlete.

Authors:
Andrew W Nichols

Curr Sports Med Rep 2015 Sep-Oct;14(5):389-96

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Office of Student Affairs, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI.

Competitive swimmers are affected by several musculoskeletal and medical complaints that are unique to the sport. 'Swimmer's shoulder,' the most common overuse injury, is usually caused by some combination of impingement, rotator cuff tendinopathy, scapular dyskinesis, and instability. The condition may be treated with training modifications, stroke error correction, and strengthening exercises targeting the rotator cuff, scapular stabilizers, and core. Read More

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http://pdfs.journals.lww.com/acsm-csmr/2015/09000/Medical_Ca
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http://content.wkhealth.com/linkback/openurl?sid=WKPTLP:land
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000194DOI Listing
June 2016
6 Reads

Feasibility of Contralateral Oblique Fluoroscopy-guided Cervical Interlaminar Steroid Injections.

Pain Pract 2016 09 27;16(7):814-9. Epub 2015 Aug 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Health Wooridul Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Cervical epidural steroid injection (CESI), given in conjunction with local anesthetics, is a common remedy for cervical radicular pain and is generally performed under c-arm fluoroscopic guidance, computed tomography (CT), or ultrasound. Interlaminar procedures, such as CESI, typically rely on anteroposterior and lateral (APL) views during needle placement. However, lateral views may be obscured by body habitus in certain individuals. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/papr.12341
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/papr.12341DOI Listing
September 2016
16 Reads

Shoulder functional performance status of National Collegiate Athletic Association swimmers: baseline Kerlan-Jobe Orthopedic Clinic scores.

Am J Sports Med 2015 Jun 19;43(6):1513-7. Epub 2015 Mar 19.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, California, USA.

Background: Shoulder trouble, described in the literature as "swimmer's shoulder," has been associated with competitive swimmers. The Kerlan-Jobe Orthopedic Clinic (KJOC) Shoulder and Elbow Score is a validated survey used to define functional and performance measures of the upper extremity in overhead athletes. To date, no study has investigated the baseline functional scores for swimmers actively competing in the sport. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546515574058DOI Listing
June 2015
8 Reads

Sports medicine in children: common overuse injuries.

Authors:
Lorna B Fountain

FP Essent 2014 Feb;417:22-5

Bayfront Family Medicine Residency Program, 700 6th Street South, St. Petersburg, FL 33701.

With millions of children participating in high-intensity sports activities at a young age, overuse injuries are seen commonly by family physicians. Little Leaguer's shoulder, swimmer's shoulder, Little Leaguer's elbow, snapping hip, and shin splints are 5 overuse injuries frequently sustained by pediatric athletes. Physicians managing these injuries require a basic understanding of the underlying sport-related strain on the body. Read More

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February 2014
3 Reads

Suprascapular neuropathy as a cause of swimmer's shoulder: results after arthroscopic treatment in 4 patients.

Am J Sports Med 2013 Apr 28;41(4):887-93. Epub 2013 Feb 28.

Arriaza and Associates Medical Institute, La Coruña, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546513477383DOI Listing
April 2013
12 Reads

Individual profiles of spatio-temporal coordination in high intensity swimming.

Hum Mov Sci 2012 Oct 24;31(5):1200-12. Epub 2012 Aug 24.

CIFI2D, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

The aim of the present study was to examine the inter-subject variability in inter-arm coordination during front crawl swimming at high intensity. Ten male competitive swimmers swam 200m front crawl at race pace. Two above water and four underwater cameras videotaped the test and APAS was used to assess the 3D anatomical points position and to calculate, afterwards, the angular position, velocity and the continuous relative phase, which was used to analyze upper limbs coupling during two arm stroke cycles for each 50 m lap of the 200 m front crawl event. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2012.01.006DOI Listing
October 2012
3 Reads

Swimmer's shoulder in young athlete: rehabilitation with emphasis on manual therapy and stabilization of shoulder complex.

Man Ther 2011 Oct 19;16(5):510-5. Epub 2011 Jan 19.

Centro de Traumatologia do Esporte, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Rua Embaú, n 73, Vila Clementino, Cep 04039-060, São Paulo, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.math.2010.12.012DOI Listing
October 2011
10 Reads

Biomechanical Considerations in the Competitive Swimmer's Shoulder.

Sports Health 2010 Nov;2(6):519-25

Lifestrength Physical Therapy, Inc, Towson, Maryland.

Context: Competitive swimming has become an increasingly popular sport in the United States. In 2007, more than 250 000 competitive swimmers were registered with USA Swimming, the national governing body. The average competitive swimmer swims approximately 60 000 to 80 000 m per week. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1941738110377611DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3438875PMC
November 2010
8 Reads

The practical management of swimmer's painful shoulder: etiology, diagnosis, and treatment.

Authors:
Klaus Bak

Clin J Sport Med 2010 Sep;20(5):386-90

Parken's Private Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Shoulder pain is the most common musculoskeletal complaint in competitive swimmers. Problems with the shoulders of swimmers resemble that of the disabled thrower's shoulder, but the clinical findings and associated dysfunctions are not quite the same. Therefore, swimmers with shoulder pain should be evaluated and treated as a separate clinical entity, aimed toward underlying pathology and dysfunction. Read More

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http://pdfs.journals.lww.com/cjsportsmed/2010/09000/The_Prac
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http://content.wkhealth.com/linkback/openurl?sid=WKPTLP:land
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0b013e3181f205faDOI Listing
September 2010
106 Reads

Analysis of swimmers' velocity during the underwater gliding motion following grab start.

J Biomech 2009 Jun 24;42(9):1367-70. Epub 2009 Apr 24.

Département Recherche Fédération Française de Natation, Pôle Natation INSEP, 11 Avenue du Tremblay, Paris, France.

The purpose of this study was to determine the swimmers' loss of speed during the underwater gliding motion of a grab start. This study also set out to determine the kinematical variables influencing this loss of speed. Eight French national-level swimmers participated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2009.03.032DOI Listing
June 2009
2 Reads

Shoulder pain in elite swimmers.

Authors:
H Pollard D Croker

Australas Chiropr Osteopathy 1999 Nov;8(3):91-5

Much research has investigated shoulder pain which inhibits the performance of elite swimmers. An ever increasing understanding of the epidemiology and aetiology of what has been termed 'swimmer's shoulder' has enabled better treatment, rehabilitation and prevention programs to be implemented. This paper reviews the current research relevant to 'swimmer's shoulder' and the methods of treatment being employed to treat the problem. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2051095PMC
November 1999
5 Reads

Prevention and Treatment of Swimmer's Shoulder.

Authors:
Brian J Tovin

N Am J Sports Phys Ther 2006 Nov;1(4):166-75

The Sports Rehabilitation Center, Atlanta, Georgia.

Swimmer's shoulder is a musculoskeletal condition that results in symptoms in the area of the anterior lateral aspect of the shoulder, sometimes confined to the subacromial region. The onset of symptoms may be associated with impaired posture, glenohumeral joint mobility, neuromuscular control, or muscle performance. Additionally, training errors such as overuse, misuse, or abuse may also contribute to this condition. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2953356PMC
November 2006
3 Reads

Swimmers' painful shoulder arthroscopic findings and return rate to sports.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2007 Aug 28;17(4):373-7. Epub 2006 Jun 28.

Division of Sports Orthopaedics, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Amager Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Shoulder pain is the most common musculo-skeletal complaint in competitive swimmers. It remains one of the shoulder pain syndromes in overhead athletes where no golden standard of treatment exists. Eighteen competitive swimmers who all had undergone shoulder arthroscopy for therapy-resistant shoulder pain were retrospectively evaluated with respect to operative findings and ability to return to their sport after the operation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2006.00571.xDOI Listing
August 2007
9 Reads

Estimating propulsive forces--sink or swim?

J Biomech 2005 Oct;38(10):1984-90

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, University College Chichester, UK.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of hydrodynamic force estimation in swimming as calculated by the quasi-static approach. To achieve this a full-scale mechanical arm was developed, built and tested. The mechanical arm, covered with a prosthetic shell and driven at the shoulder was used to simulate a single plane underwater rotation at four elbow configurations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2005.05.026DOI Listing
October 2005
3 Reads

Swimmer's CT: improved imaging of the lower neck and thoracic inlet.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2004 May;25(5):859-62

Department of Radiology, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96859, USA.

CT findings of the base of the neck are often degraded by beam-hardening artifact from the shoulder girdle. This artifact can be reduced by placing the patient in a "swimmer's" position, a supine position in which the patient has one arm fully abducted and the other arm lowered. We selectively employed swimmer's CT in patients between January 1999 and December 2002 when standard (arms-down) CT failed to depict suspected disease. Read More

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May 2004
3 Reads
2 Citations
3.590 Impact Factor

Competitive swimming illness and injury: common conditions limiting participation.

Authors:
James N Johnson

Curr Sports Med Rep 2003 Oct;2(5):267-71

Southern Sports Medicine, 2021 Church Street, Suite 200, Nashville, TN 37203, USA.

Illness and injury can significantly limit a swimmer's participation in training and competition. Catastrophic injuries to the neck and risk of drowning are life threatening. Infectious illness can cause significant time out of the water and an even longer convalescence. Read More

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October 2003
3 Reads

Upper extremity overuse injuries in swimming. A discussion of swimmer's shoulder.

Clin Sports Med 2001 Jul;20(3):423-38

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, John A. Burns School of Medicine, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Treatment of shoulder pain includes the following: 1. Avoid all painful activities. 2. Read More

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July 2001
2 Reads

Reduction of a posterior shoulder dislocation during Swimmer's view radiography.

Authors:
A Mattick

Eur J Emerg Med 2001 Jun;8(2):165

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June 2001
2 Reads

The painful shoulder in the swimming athlete.

Authors:
M M Pink J E Tibone

Orthop Clin North Am 2000 Apr;31(2):247-61

Biomechanics Laboratory, Centinela Hospital Medical Center, Inglewood, CA, USA.

Given the popularity of swimming and the high risk of injury associated with the sport, many clinicians come into contact with the swimmer's shoulder. This article describes the mechanism of injury, diagnostic tools, and subtle signs of injury for swimmer's shoulder. It focuses on conservative treatment for the injury, including methods for stretching and strengthening and eliminating acute inflammation. Read More

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April 2000
6 Reads

Thoracic outlet syndrome in aquatic athletes.

Authors:
A B Richardson

Clin Sports Med 1999 Apr;18(2):361-78

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, USA.

Thoracic outlet syndrome is a well-recognized group of symptoms resulting from compression of the subclavian artery and vein, as well as the brachial plexus, within the thoracic outlet. Symptoms are related directly to the structure that is compressed. Diagnosis is difficult because there is no single objective, reliable test; therefore, diagnoses of thoracic outlet syndrome is based primarily on a set of historical and physical findings, supported and corroborated by a host of standard tests. Read More

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April 1999
2 Reads

Shoulder injuries in competitive swimmers.

Authors:
W C McMaster

Clin Sports Med 1999 Apr;18(2):349-59, vii

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Irvine College of Medicine, USA.

Sports medicine literature often refers to "swimmer's shoulder." Increasingly, however, it is evident that swimmer's shoulder is a spectrum of maladies whose underlying origins may be incidental to athletic activity. Those dealing with the treatment of swimmers should have a thorough understanding of the differential diagnosis of the shoulder, the age range of competitive swimmers, and the effects of the aging process, and age-related disease processes and should consider the possibilities of neoplasm, degenerative diseases, and acquired processes such as arthritis or metabolic diseases. Read More

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April 1999
2 Reads

Swimming injuries and illnesses.

Phys Sportsmed 1999 Apr;27(4):51-60

Iowa Lutheran Hospital, Des Moines, IA, 50316, USA.

Swimming has a distinct profile of injuries and medical conditions. Common problems seen among swimmers include 'swimmer's shoulder,' an overuse injury that causes inflammation of the supraspinatus and/or the biceps tendon; overuse injuries of the elbow, knee, ankle, and back; medical conditions such as asthma, folliculitis, and otitis externa; and problems associated with overtraining. Swimmers are more likely to comply with treatment plans that minimize time spent out of the water. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3810/psm.1999.04.783DOI Listing
April 1999
5 Reads

Shoulder strength and range of motion in symptomatic and pain-free elite swimmers.

Authors:
K Bak S P Magnusson

Am J Sports Med 1997 Jul-Aug;25(4):454-9

Department of Orthopaedics, Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

To evaluate differences in shoulder strength and range of motion between painful and pain-free shoulders we examined two matched groups of athletes. Fifteen competitive swimmers were allocated to two groups. Group 1 consisted of seven swimmers with unilateral shoulder pain related to swimming (Neer and Welsh phase I to II). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/036354659702500407DOI Listing
September 1997
2 Reads

Swimmer's Shoulder.

Phys Sportsmed 1996 Nov;24(11):39-50

In brief Shoulder pain caused by impingement of subacromial tissues is a common overuse injury in swimming, especially among adolescents who may have rigorous training schedules and be skeletally immature. A case of a 14-year-old girl with swimmer's shoulder demonstrates the diagnostic work-up, which involves pertinent history, inspection, palpation, and assessment of strength, impingement, and instability. Treatment focuses on icing, relative rest, physical therapy, and modifying the swimming workout to reduce overuse and impingement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00913847.1996.11948045DOI Listing
November 1996
8 Reads

Swimmer's Shoulder: Targeting Treatment.

Phys Sportsmed 1996 Nov;24(11):39-50

Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, OR, USA.

Shoulder pain caused by impingement of subacromial tissues is a common overuse injury in swimming, especially among adolescents who may have rigorous training schedules and be skeletally immature. A case of a 14-year-old girl with swimmer's shoulder demonstrates the diagnostic work-up, which involves pertinent history, inspection, palpation, and assessment of strength, impingement, and instability. Treatment focuses on icing, relative rest, physical therapy, and modifying the swimming workout to reduce overuse and impingement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3810/psm.1996.11.1287DOI Listing
November 1996
8 Reads

Nontraumatic glenohumeral instability and coracoacromial impingement in swimmers.

Authors:
K Bak

Scand J Med Sci Sports 1996 Jun;6(3):132-44

Department of Orthopaedics, Gentofte Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark.

Competitive swimming is one of the most demanding and time-consuming sports. Swimmers at elite level practice 20-30 h per week. During 1 year's practice, the average top level swimmer performs more than 500,000 stroke revolutions per arm. Read More

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June 1996
6 Reads

Shoulder problems in high level swimmers--impingement, anterior instability, muscular imbalance?

Int J Sports Med 1995 Nov;16(8):557-62

Department of Orthopaedics, Uniersity of Saarland, Homburg/Saar, Germany.

The objective was to study prevalence and underlying pathology of "swimmer's shoulder". Twenty-two competitive swimmers of national "D-Kader" (elite development swimmers) were evaluated by means of questionnaire, clinical examination and isokinetic testing of external rotation and internal rotation. At the examination current interfering pain necessitating a cessation or reduction of practice was found in 5 (23%) athletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-973054DOI Listing
November 1995
5 Reads

1995 student writing contest winner: glenohumeral joint impingement in swimmers.

Authors:
D King

J Athl Train 1995 Oct;30(4):333-7

The purpose of this paper is to look at the different motions swimmers produce while practicing their sport and how these different motions cause problems with glenohumeral joint impingement, or "swimmer's shoulder." All four competitive strokes were analyzed to determine their effect on shoulder pain. Reasons for swimmers' impingement problems include long and demanding training seasons, lack of strength and flexibility, hypovascularity in the rotator cuff tendons, and different bony configurations that may predispose athletes to shoulder pain. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1318004PMC
October 1995
2 Reads

Comparison of shoulder injury in collegiate- and master's-level swimmers.

Clin J Sport Med 1995 ;5(1):4-8

Centinela Hospital Medical Center, Biomechanics Laboratory, Inglewood, CA 90301, USA.

The need to investigate shoulder injury in swimmers other than the young and elite is evident, as all ages and levels are represented in the 100 million Americans who classify themselves as swimmers. To investigate the differences between young, highly competitive collegiate swimmers and older, less elite swimmers, a survey questionnaire was distributed to 100 collegiate and 100 master's swim teams. Questions regarding swimming routines, performance standards, and several possible predisposing factors associated with "swimmer's shoulder," as implicated in the literature, were investigated. Read More

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August 1995
3 Reads

Clinical implications of secondary impingement of the shoulder in freestyle swimmers.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1994 Dec;20(6):307-18

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Center for Sports Medicine, PA.

Swimming has become a popular recreational activity as well as a highly competitive sport in the United States. The repetitive nature of swimming can predispose the shoulder to mechanical impingement and microtrauma, which may lead to laxity, rotator cuff fatigue, and subsequent secondary impingement. Improper stroke mechanics can place the swimmer's shoulder at further risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.1994.20.6.307DOI Listing
December 1994
3 Reads

[Pathophysiology of swimmer's shoulder and breaststroker's knee].

Authors:
A Tsur

Harefuah 1993 Dec;125(12):481-3

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December 1993
2 Reads

[Swimmer's shoulder: a little-known etiology and its rehabilitation].

Schweiz Z Sportmed 1988 Jun;36(2):67-73

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June 1988
2 Reads

Painful Shoulder in Swimmers: A Diagnostic Challenge.

Authors:
W C McMaster

Phys Sportsmed 1986 Dec;14(12):108-22

In brief: Painful shoulder can cause significant disability in swimmers, and in elite swimmers it may even force premature retirement. Treatment of this problem has been difficult, and surgery has been perceived as generally unsuccessful. The author asserts that "swimmer's shoulder" is not an anatomically based diagnosis and that the frequent lack of a specific diagnosis probably has hindered treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00913847.1986.11716466DOI Listing
December 1986
3 Reads

Anterior glenoid labrum damage: a painful lesion in swimmers.

Authors:
W C McMaster

Am J Sports Med 1986 Sep-Oct;14(5):383-7

The diagnosis of swimmer's shoulder has long connoted a malady usually perceived to be impingement syndrome. However, as greater understanding of shoulder mechanics and diagnosis has been applied to the shoulder of swimmers, it is apparent that they too suffer from a variety of problems common to all overhead sports. This paper describes the functional instability problem of labral damage in the swimmer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/036354658601400507DOI Listing
December 1986
2 Reads

Medical aspects of synchronized swimming.

Authors:
S K Weinberg

Clin Sports Med 1986 Jan;5(1):159-67

Synchronized swimming is a low-injury competitive aquatic sport for all ages. It requires flexibility, kinesthetic awareness, and aerobic conditioning, with the ability to function anaerobically as well. Few acute injuries occur during participation in the sport, but overuse injuries are becoming more common as synchronized swimmers participate in longer, more strenuous workout programs. Read More

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January 1986
3 Reads

Swimmer's shoulder.

Authors:
J V Ciullo

Clin Sports Med 1986 Jan;5(1):115-37

The shoulder is the joint most subjected to repetitive microtrauma in swimming. This results in clinical manifestations of subacromial encroachment. The anatomy, radiographic changes, clinical findings, and histopathology of this disease process are discussed. Read More

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January 1986
2 Reads

Swimmer's Shoulder: The Influence of Flexibility and Weight Training.

Authors:
J F Greipp

Phys Sportsmed 1985 Aug;13(8):92-105

In brief: The incidence of shoulder pain was studied in 168 male and female swimmers, aged 12 to 23, representing four universities and two clubs. A simple test of shoulder flexibility was administered in October, and team- wide incidence of swimmer's shoulder for the coming winter season was predicted. The predictions proved to be about 93% accurate, clearly showing a strong correlation between lack of flexibility and incidence of swimmer's shoulder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00913847.1985.11708859DOI Listing
August 1985
2 Reads

The prevention and treatment of swimmer's shoulder.

Authors:
J N Penny C Smith

Can J Appl Sport Sci 1980 Sep;5(3):195-202

Specific stroke modifications may be of great advantage to reduce shoulder pain in front crawl swimmers. Shortening the stroke by staring arm recovery the end of the push-through reduces "wringing-out" of the supraspinatus tendon. Lifting the head at arm entry, leading recovery with the hand and encouraging body roll and alternate breathing all reduce impingement of the tendon against the coraco-acromial arch. Read More

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September 1980
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The shoulder in competitive swimming.

Am J Sports Med 1980 May-Jun;8(3):159-63

Shoulder pain is the most common orthopaedic problem in competitive swimming. In a group of 137 of this country's best swimmers, 58 had had symptoms of "swimmer's shoulder." Population characteristics of this group indicated that symptoms increased with the caliber of the athlete, were slightly more common in men, and were related to sprint rather than distance swimming. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/036354658000800303DOI Listing
July 1980
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