57,667 results match your criteria Swallowing Disorders

Effect of the rheological properties of the liquid carrier on the in vitro swallowing of Solid Oral Dosage Forms.

J Texture Stud 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

INRAE, AgroParisTech, UMR SayFood, Université Paris Saclay, Massy, France.

Solid Oral Dosage Forms (SODF) are the most popular oral drug delivery forms, but they can be difficult to swallow, especially for patients suffering from swallowing disorders. This study investigated the dynamics of different combinations of liquid carriers and SODF during the oral phase of swallowing using an in vitro model. The rheological properties of the carriers were characterized using shear and extensional rheometry, and their effect on bolus velocity, bolus shape, post-swallow residues, and SODF position within the bolus was evaluated. Read More

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Swallowing dysfunction and the onset of fever in older residents with special care needs: a thirteen-month longitudinal prospective study.

Odontology 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

School of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Kyushu Dental University, 2-6-1, Manazuru, Kokurakita-ku, Kitakyushu , Fukuoka, 803-8580, Japan.

A decline in swallowing function is frequently observed among older residents in nursing homes. We investigated whether swallowing dysfunction was related to the onset of fever in such individuals. Older residents aged ≥ 65 years from three nursing homes were included in this prospective study conducted from July 2017 to May 2019. Read More

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Swallowing Exercise During Head and Neck Cancer Treatment: Results of a Randomized Trial.

Dysphagia 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Cancer Late Effects Research Unit (CASTLE), Department of Oncology, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The diagnosis and treatment of head and neck cancer (HNC) can have substantial impact on swallowing function, nutritional balance, physical function and quality of life (QoL). Early initiated swallowing exercises are hypothesized to improve swallowing function in HNC patients. The aim was to investigate the effects of swallowing exercises and progressive resistance training (PRT) during radiotherapy on swallowing function, physical function and QoL in patients with pharynx-, larynx-, oral cavity cancer or unknown primary compared to usual care. Read More

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Pediatric Vocal Fold Paresis and Paralysis: A Narrative Review.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Importance: Vocal fold paralysis (VFP) results from the disruption of neural motor outputs to laryngeal muscles. Children with VFP manifest various degrees of difficulties in phonation, breathing, and swallowing. Although the etiologic characteristics and symptoms of VFP are well established in adults, corresponding clinical profiles are notably different in children. Read More

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Smiling, Yawning, Jaw Functional Limitations and Oral Behaviors With Respect to General Health Status in Patients With Temporomandibular Disorder-Myofascial Pain With Referral.

Front Neurol 2021 24;12:646293. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Dental Techniques, Medical University of Bialystok, Białystok, Poland.

The temporomandibular joint is the one of the most important joints in the human body. It enables numerous orofacial functions such as mastication, swallowing, breathing, speech, emotional communication, and facial expressions. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of jaw functional limitations and oral behaviors with respect to general health status in patients with temporomandibular joint disorders-myofascial pain with referral. Read More

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Progression of swallowing dysfunction and associated complications of dysphagia in a cohort of patients with serial videofluoroscopic swallow examinations.

R Hanna D R Randall

J Laryngol Otol 2021 Jun 10:1-6. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Section of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Objective: Dysphagia is a common symptom with associated complications ranging from mild discomfort to life-threatening pulmonary compromise. Videofluoroscopic swallow is the 'gold standard' evaluation for oropharyngeal dysphagia, but little is known about how patients' performance changes over time.

Method: This was a retrospective cohort study evaluating dysphagia patients' clinical course by serial videofluoroscopic swallow study. Read More

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Oral Myofunctional and Articulation Disorders in Children with Malocclusions: A Systematic Review.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2021 Jun 9:1-16. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Language, and Hearing Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Relationships between malocclusion and orofacial myofunctional disorders (OMD), as well as malocclusions and articulation disorders (AD) have been described, though the exact relationships remain unclear. Given the high prevalence of these disorders in children, more clarity is needed.

Summary: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between OMD (specifically, bruxism, deviate swallowing, caudal resting tongue posture, and biting habits), AD, and malocclusions in children and adolescents aged between 3 and 18 years. Read More

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Effect of low tongue pressure on nutritional status and improvement of swallowing function in sarcopenic dysphagia.

Nutrition 2021 Apr 28;90:111295. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Human Culture and Science, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan.

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of low tongue pressure on the improvement of swallowing function in people with sarcopenic dysphagia and ongoing dysphagia or physical rehabilitation. In addition, we investigated whether sarcopenic dysphagia at admission was associated with severity of malnutrition.

Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of 146 people with sarcopenic dysphagia (mean age 84. Read More

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[COVID-19: implications for larynx, breathing and voice].

Pascale Amberger

Rev Med Suisse 2021 Jun;17(742):1132-1135

Orthophoniste, Rue Merle-d'Aubigné 24, 1207 Genève.

Very few studies deal with the ENT and phoniatric problems of Covid-19. This article presents the post Covid-19 consequences on larynx and voice. It appears that since the beginning of the pandemic, many patients who have contracted the disease or who have experienced various lockdowns have been consulting for voice disorders, breathing difficulties and swallowing problems. Read More

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Body and language: repercussions on a dysphasia case.

Codas 2021 4;33(3):e20200120. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Departamento de Fonoaudiologia, Instituto de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal da Bahia - UFBA - Salvador, (BA), Brasil.

The human body is made of tissues and organs, and the body is mentioned by biology and medicine based on its anatomical and biomechanical architecture. However, there are different ways of understanding the human body. Based on the assumption that the body is the consistency of the speaker´s body-being, the psychoanalytic theory us that the body is crossed by language and affected by the word. Read More

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Pharyngo-esophageal motility reflex mechanisms in the human neonate: Importance of integrative cross-systems physiology.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2021 06 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Innovative Infant Feeding Disorders Research Program, Center for Perinatal Research, Divisions of Neonatology, Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics at The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio.

Swallowing is a critical function for survival and development in human neonates, and requires cross-system coordination between neurologic, airway, and digestive motility systems. Development of pharyngo-esophageal motility is influenced by intra- and extra-uterine development, pregnancy complications, and neonatal comorbidities. Primary role of these motility reflex mechanisms is to maintain aerodigestive homeostasis under basal and adaptive biologic conditions including oral feeding, gastroesophageal reflux, and sleep. Read More

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Assessment of tomato-based thick fluid diet for patients with dysphagia using a simple and cheap test.

J Texture Stud 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

Swallowing difficulty, also known as dysphagia, is a health condition that can be managed by different approaches, such as changing the viscosity of fluid foods with thickener agents. Tomato-based beverages such as "gazpacho" and "salmorejo" are common foods much appreciated by the populations that adopt a Mediterranean diet, mainly in Spain. These beverages usually present a low viscosity, challenging to include in diets for dysphagia patients. Read More

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A Curious Case of Dysphagia Due to Osteophytes.

Acta Med Port 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Departamento de Medicina Interna. Hospital de São Francisco Xavier. Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Ocidental. Lisboa. NOVA Medical School, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas. Universidade Nova de Lisboa. Lisbon. Portugal.

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[Effects of duodenal ligation on gastroesophageal reflux and bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jun;101(21):1598-1605

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou University People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Henan University, Zhengzhou 450003, China.

To investigate the effects of duodenal ligation on gastroesophageal reflux and bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats. Wistar rats were randomized into the control (Ctrl) group, bleomycin (BLM) group, duodenal ligation (GER) group and duodenal ligation plus bleomycin treatment (BLM+GER) group. At day 0 (d0), duodenum ligation was performed in the GER and the BLM+GER group through an open-abdomen surgery at 1. Read More

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The role of speech and language therapists in the intensive care unit.

J Intensive Care Soc 2020 Nov 30;21(4):344-348. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Speech and Language Therapy Department, St George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

National guidance recommends the involvement of speech and language therapists in intensive care particularly for those requiring tracheostomy and ventilation. However, the role of speech and language therapists is poorly understood especially in the context of critical care. This article aims to increase awareness of the background training and skills development of speech and language therapists working in this context to demonstrate their range of specialist abilities. Read More

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November 2020

Non-motor symptoms in spasmodic dysphonia: A case control-study.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica Agustí Pi Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, Spain; CIBERNED: CB06/05/0018-ISCIII, ERN-RND (ID No 739510), Barcelona, Spain; Parkinson's disease and Movement Disorders Unit, Neurology Service, Hospital Clinic Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona.

Objective: Non-motor symptoms (NMS) have been identified in some focal adult-onset dystonia. In the present study we aimed to evaluate the presence of NMS in patients with spasmodic dysphonia (SD), a focal action-induced dystonia that affects intrinsic laryngeal muscle control.

Methods: Seventeen SD patients and 17 control subjects not significantly different in age and sex were evaluated for the presence of NMS. Read More

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Unusual cause of dysphagia and dysphonia.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 2;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Medanta The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

Forestier's disease is an idiopathic noninflammatory condition associated with enthesopathy leading to hyperostosis of the vertebrae and peripheral skeletal system. The disease tends to affect elderly individuals and remains asymptomatic in most of the cases. Uncommonly, the patient may present with upper aerodigestive symptomatology, usually dysphagia. Read More

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Validation and clinical application of the Arabic rhinoplasty outcomes evaluation questionnaire.

Saudi Med J 2021 Jun;42(6):655-659

From the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (Mulafikh, Alharethy, Alqabbani), College of Medicine and from the Research Chair of Voice, Communications, and Swallowing Disorders, Otolaryngology Department (Mesallam), King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: To carry out translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and validation of the rhinoplasty outcome evaluation (ROE) into Arabic.

Methods: This non-randomized, prospective study included 50 patients from the Otorhinolaryngology Department, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia who underwent primary rhinoplasty from January to October 2020 and a control group of 89 healthy individuals. The reliability of the Arabic (ROE) was tested using Cronbach's alpha. Read More

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A Pilot Study Comparing Teletherapy with the Conventional Face-to-Face Therapy for Speech-Language Disorders.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 May 28:1-5. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 110029 India.

Abstract: Speech-language therapists along with affected individuals face various challenges for accomplishing the rehabilitation services. In the current COVID19 pandemic scenario, telerehabilitation has emerged as a substitute to the traditional face-to-face therapy, and is the only option possible in some cases. To subjectively assess the feasibility & acceptability of telerehabilitation provided by speech-language pathologist to patients of speech and language disorders. Read More

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Automatic Hyoid Bone Tracking in Real-Time Ultrasound Swallowing Videos Using Deep Learning Based and Correlation Filter Based Trackers.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 May 26;21(11). Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon 999077, Hong Kong.

(1) Background: Ultrasound provides a radiation-free and portable method for assessing swallowing. Hyoid bone locations and displacements are often used as important indicators for the evaluation of swallowing disorders. However, this requires clinicians to spend a great deal of time reviewing the ultrasound images. Read More

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GERD after Bariatric Surgery. Can We Expect Endoscopic Findings?

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 May 17;57(5). Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of General and Digestive Surgery, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Passeig de la Vall d'Hebron 119-129, 08035 Barcelona, Spain.

Bariatric surgery remains the gold standard treatment for morbidly obese patients. Roux-en-y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy are the most frequently performed surgeries worldwide. Obesity has also been related to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Read More

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Interventions for Nursing Home Residents with Dysphagia-A Scoping Review.

Geriatrics (Basel) 2021 May 21;6(2). Epub 2021 May 21.

Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Woolwich, London SE18 4QG, UK.

Oropharyngeal dysphagia is common in nursing home residents. The objective of this scoping review was to summarize and disseminate the findings from the literature on interventions for dysphagia in nursing home residents. Searches were conducted in four databases. Read More

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Dysphagia lusoria: utility of high-resolution impedance manometry to identify true disease.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2021 Jun 1:e14176. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Dysphagia lusoria is a rare cause of dysphagia due to impingement of the esophagus by an aberrant right subclavian artery. Although most remain asymptomatic, this aberrant vessel can lead to progressive dysphagia in childhood or even later in life as a result of arteriosclerotic burden and attenuation of esophageal compliance that led to esophageal compression. We present a 56-year-old man with a 3-year history of progressively worsening dysphagia to solids and liquids and globus sensation. Read More

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Psychiatric comorbidities are highly prevalent in non-esophageal eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Center for Esophageal Diseases and Swallowing, and Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine; University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: The prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity in non-esophageal eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGIDs) has not been studied. We aimed to ascertain the prevalence of psychiatric diagnoses and psychiatric medication use in children, adolescents, and adults with EGIDs and to assess whether psychiatric comorbidity affects clinical presentation.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of newly diagnosed patients with a non-esophageal EGID at the University of North Carolina from 2008 - 2020. Read More

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Occurrence of speech-language disorders in the acute phase following pediatric acquired brain injury: results from the Ghent University Hospital.

Brain Inj 2021 May 29:1-15. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.

: This study investigated the occurrence of speech-language disorders during the acute phase of recovery in children with acquired brain injury (ABI) with an age between 0 and 16 years.: A retrospective chart analysis was performed including 228 children ( = 118 boys, = 110 girls) who consecutively presented with ABI over a 10-year period (2006-2016) at the children's rehabilitation center at Ghent University Hospital. Descriptive statistical analyses were applied. Read More

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Challenges and Opportunities in Social Media Research in Gastroenterology.

Dig Dis Sci 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Center for Esophageal and Swallowing Disorders , University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

In recent years, social media has transformed how we as gastroenterologists communicate with each other and has grown into an arena of knowledge and peer support for patients. Gastroenterologists commonly use social media for education networking, patient populations use social media for peer support and advocacy, but little is known about how gastroenterologists can use social media to conduct thoughtful and rigorous patient-centered research. Therefore, we aim to introduce the scope of social media research, highlight prominent examples in gastroenterology, and review innovative opportunities and unique challenges to using and studying social media for research. Read More

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Antireflux and Endoscopic Therapies for Barrett Esophagus and Superficial Esophageal Neoplasia.

Surg Clin North Am 2021 Jun;101(3):391-403

MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, 3800 Reservoir Rd, NW, 4PHC Department of Surgery, Washington, DC 20007, USA. Electronic address:

Barrett esophagus (BE), defined as intestinal metaplasia of the distal esophageal mucosa, typically results from chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease and is the only known precursor of esophageal adenocarcinoma. The standard of care for the management of early esophageal neoplasia in the setting of BE has changed drastically over the past 15 years. Further investigation into diagnostic and therapeutic adjuncts will continue to improve our ability to control or cure BE before its advancement to a life-threatening malignancy. Read More

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Palliative radiotherapy combined with stent insertion to reduce recurrent dysphagia in oesophageal cancer patients: the ROCS RCT.

Health Technol Assess 2021 May;25(31):1-144

Marie Curie Research Centre, Division of Population Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

Background: Most patients with oesophageal cancer present with incurable disease. For those with advanced disease, the mean survival is 3-5 months. Treatment emphasis is therefore on effective palliation, with the majority of patients requiring intervention for dysphagia. Read More

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Reply to Chandnani et al.

Endoscopy 2021 06 26;53(6):665. Epub 2021 May 26.

Division of Gastroenterology and Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.

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Too early to aʼMUSE!

Endoscopy 2021 06 26;53(6):664. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Gastroenterology, Topiwala National Medical College and B.Y.L Nair hospital, Mumbai, India.

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