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    Biomaterials and cells for neural tissue engineering: Current choices.
    Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2017 Aug 30;77:1302-1315. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Centre for Biomaterials, Cellular and Molecular Theranostics, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamilnadu, India. Electronic address:
    The treatment of nerve injuries has taken a new dimension with the development of tissue engineering techniques. Prior to tissue engineering, suturing and surgery were the only options for effective treatment. With the advent of tissue engineering, it is now possible to design a scaffold that matches the exact biological and mechanical properties of the tissue. Read More

    Approach to the correction of drooping tip: common problems and solutions.
    Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 2017 May 22. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Department of Otolaryngology, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Italy.
    The drooping tip deformity is both a bothersome aesthetic feature and functional impairment of the nose. Both static and dynamic factors may affect tip appearance and it seems logical to take into account these factors when planning correction of drooping tip. Many studies have examined this topic, but its treatment remains controversial. Read More

    The hump columellar strut: a reliable technique for correction of nasal tip underprojection.
    Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 2017 May 22. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Department of Maxillo-Facial Surgery, S. Camillo Hospital, Rome, Italy.
    Nasal tip under projection is often found in rhinoplasty cases both for congenital or post-traumatic deformity. Nasal trauma may result in alteration of the external and internal nasal structures with following aesthetic impairment and difficulties in breathing. Post-traumatic surgery is frequent, but restoration of pre-traumatic form and function remains a challenge. Read More

    Low pacemaker incidence with continuous-sutured valves: a retrospective analysis.
    Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2017 Jan 1:218492317712309. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Background Permanent pacemaker implantation after surgical aortic valve replacement depends on patient selection and risk factors for conduction disorders. We aimed to identify risk criteria and obtain a selected group comparable to patients assigned to transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Methods Isolated sutured aortic valve replacements in 994 patients treated from 2007 to 2015 were reviewed. Read More

    Suture Dehiscence in the Tricuspid Annulus: An Ex Vivo Analysis of Tissue Strength and Composition.
    Ann Thorac Surg 2017 May 17. Epub 2017 May 17.
    Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address:
    Background: Surgical repair of functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) is an increasingly common practice, but annuloplasty suture dehiscence remains a significant problem. Quantitative and mechanistic understanding of annular suture holding strength can support more effective techniques for tricuspid valve device anchoring.

    Methods: Suture holding strength of ovine tricuspid annuli (n = 15) was quantified ex vivo by pullout testing at 12 positions around their circumference. Read More

    Compartmental tongue resection with submental island flap reconstruction for large carcinoma of the oral tongue.
    Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 May 19. Epub 2017 May 19.
    Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ein-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
    Background: Tongue resection is a surgical challenge because of its adverse effects on language articulation, swallowing, respiration, the eventual quality of life, and poor prognosis of advanced disease. To date, the currently accepted standard treatment has been based on excision of the primary lesion with a 1.5-2-cm circumferential macroscopic margin. Read More

    Systematic review and meta-analysis of laparoscopic mesh versus suture repair of hiatus hernia: objective and subjective outcomes.
    Surg Endosc 2017 May 18. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Department of General Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 45 Changchun Street, Xicheng District, Beijing, 100053, China.
    Background: Hiatus hernia (HH) contributes to the pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Mesh-augmentation of surgical repair might be associated with a reduced risk of recurrence and GERD. However, recurrence rates, mesh-associated complications and quality of life (QOL) after mesh versus suture repair are debated. Read More

    Laparoscopic gastric resections with per oral specimen extraction in treatment of intramural gastric tumors.
    Pol Przegl Chir 2017 Feb;89(1):16-21
    Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum; Klinika Chirurgii Endoskopowej, Metabolicznej oraz Nowotworów Tkanek Miękkich II Katedra Chirurgii Ogólnej.
    Aim: The goal of this work was to present our experiences and results of treatment of gastric tumors using the per oral specimen extraction (POSE) technique.

    Material And Methods: A retrospective analysis a group of patients treated with laparoscopic stomach wedge resection of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). During that time 50 patients underwent laparoscopy due to the suspicion of GIST. Read More

    Upper limb nerve transfers: A review.
    Hand Surg Rehabil 2017 Jun 3;36(3):151-172. Epub 2017 May 3.
    SOS main Grenoble, unité de chirurgie réparatrice, de la main et des brûlés, hôpital A.-Michallon, CHU de Grenoble, avenue du Marquis-de-Grésivaudan, BP 217, 38043 Grenoble cedex 09, France.
    While upper limb nerve transfers were first described and performed several years ago, they have seen expanded use in the past 20 years. Initially indicated for surgical repair of brachial plexus injuries with nerve root avulsion, the indications have been extended to post-ganglionic lesions because of the excellent results of certain intraplexus nerve transfers. The traditional nerve repair techniques - primary suture and nerve grafting - form the basis of nerve surgery. Read More

    Cuff Closure by Vaginal Route in TLH: Case Series and Review of Literature.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Mar 1;11(3):QD01-QD03. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, İzmir Katip Çelebi University, School of Medicine, İzmir, Karabağlar, Turkey.
    Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy (TLH) represents one of the most performed gynaecological procedures nowadays. The closure of the vaginal cuff is the most diffucult part of TLH because of the difficulty of laparoscopic suturing techniques. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vaginal cuff closure by vaginal route on patients submitted to TLH. Read More

    Endoscopic Management of Benign Esophageal Ruptures and Leaks.
    Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol 2017 May 15. Epub 2017 May 15.
    Endoscopy Unit, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Via Manzoni, 56, Rozzano, 20089, Milan, Italy.
    Opinion Statement: Esophageal leaks (EL) and ruptures (ER) are rare conditions associated with a high risk of mortality and morbidity. Historically, EL and ER have been surgically treated, but current treatment options also include conservative management and endoscopy. Over the last decades, interventional endoscopy has evolved as an effective and less invasive alternative to primary surgery in these cases. Read More

    Closing a Tracheal Defect with an Omental Pedicled Gastric Flap; A Technical Note.
    Bull Emerg Trauma 2017 Apr;5(2):129-131
    Clinical Center Fuerth, Bavaria, Germany.
    Due to an adenocarcinoma of the right upper lobe with infiltration of the main bronchus a 49-years-old female patient underwent an upper bilobectomy with sleeve resection. After two completed chemotherapy bouts and signs of sepsis another thoracotomy was inevitable.  As a complicating factor a supracarinal, necrotic and perforating lesion of the trachea appeared. Read More

    Performance of High School Students in a Laparoscopic Training Program.
    JSLS 2017 Apr-Jun;21(2)
    Florida Hospital Celebration Health, Celebration, Florida, USA.
    Background And Objectives: We hypothesized that high school students can be subjected to the same laparoscopic surgical training curriculum used by surgeons and successfully complete it. The goal of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of early training in minimally invasive surgical techniques.

    Methods: Thirteen high school students, ages 15-18, participated in the validated Top Gun Surgeon Laparoscopic Skills and Suturing program. Read More

    Symmetric Peripheral Running Sutures are Superior to Asymmetric Peripheral Running Sutures for Increasing the Tendon Strength in Flexor Tendon Repair.
    J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2017 Jun;22(2):208-213
    * Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Japan.
    Background: The fatigue strength of three peripheral suture techniques for flexor tendon repair was compared by cyclic loading of the repairs in the porcine flexor digitorum tendon.

    Methods: Thirty-six tendons were sutured using only peripheral sutures with 6-0 Nylon. An initial cyclic load of 10 N for 500 cycles was applied and increased by 10 N for an additional 500 cycles at each new load until rupture. Read More

    Experimental Evaluation of the Optimal Suture Pattern With a Flexible Endoscopic Suturing System.
    Surg Innov 2017 Jun 21;24(3):201-204. Epub 2017 Mar 21.
    1 IHU-Strasbourg, Institute for Image-Guided Surgery, Strasbourg, France.
    Background: The ability to perform reliable, secure endoluminal closure of the gastrointestinal tract wall, is a prerequisite to support the progress of the emerging field of endoluminal surgery. Along with advanced clipping systems, flexible endoscopic suturing devices are commercially available. Current systems can replicate traditional surgical suturing patterns in the endoluminal environment. Read More

    Arq Bras Cir Dig 2017 Jan-Mar;30(1):18-20
    Bariatric Endoscopy Unit, Madrid Sanchinarro University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.
    Background:: Bariatric endoscopic techniques are minimally invasive and induce gastric volume reduction to treat obesity. Aim : To evaluate endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (Apollo method) using a suturing method directed at the greater curvature, as well as the perioperative care, two year safety and weight loss.

    Method:: Prospective single-center study over 154 patients (108 females) using the endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty procedure under general anesthesia with overnight inpatient observation. Read More

    A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review Evaluating Skin Closure After Total Knee Arthroplasty-What Is the Best Method?
    J Arthroplasty 2017 Apr 12. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, NYU Langone Medical Center, Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, New York.
    Background: Many cost drivers of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have been critically evaluated to meet the heightened quality-associated expectations of performance-based care. However, assessing the efficacy of the different modalities of skin closure has been an underappreciated topic. The present study aims to provide further insight by conducting a meta-analysis and systematic review evaluating the rates of common complications and perioperative quality outcomes associated with different suture and staple skin closure techniques after TKA. Read More

    A Retrospective Analysis of Surgical Femoral Artery Closure Techniques: Conventional vs. Purse Suture Technique.
    Ann Vasc Surg 2017 May 5. Epub 2017 May 5.
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Center, Cebeci Hospitals, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
    Introduction: Different techniques have been reported for the exploration and repair of femoral artery (FA) in patients who undergo minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) and endovascular aortic surgery. We used a modified approach alternative to the conventional technique (group CT) since May 2013, which specifies a shorter groin incision and diamond shaped hemostatic purse sutures for arteriotomy closure without the requirement of cross-clamping (group PT) and evaluated early outcomes and the complication profiles of the two techniques for femoral access.

    Methods: In our clinic, between May 2011 and December 2015, 503 FA cannulations were performed on 345 patients who underwent MICS (n=109; mean age:64. Read More

    Postoperative mechanical small bowel obstruction induced by V-Loc barbed absorbable suture after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy.
    Ann Surg Treat Res 2017 May 27;92(5):380-382. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    Department of Surgery, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    When performing laparoscopic gastrectomy, suturing the intestinal anastomosis presents one of the greatest challenges. The V-Loc unidirectional barbed suture has been introduced to eliminate the need to tie knots during closure. This device offers a fast, secure, and effective alternative to conventional suture repair during laparoscopic surgery. Read More

    Evaluation of a New Knotless Suture Anchor Repair in Acute Achilles Tendon Ruptures: A Biomechanical Comparison of Three Techniques.
    J Foot Ankle Surg 2017 May - Jun;56(3):423-427
    Fellow, Foot and Ankle Surgical Fellowship, Florida Orthopedic Foot & Ankle Center, Sarasota, FL.
    Acute ruptures of the Achilles tendon are a common injury, and debate has continued in published studies on how best to treat these injuries. Specifically, controversy exists regarding the surgical approaches for Achilles tendon repair when one considers percutaneous versus open repair. The present study investigated the biomechanical strength of 3 different techniques for Achilles tendon repair in a cadaveric model. Read More

    In vitro comparison of 3 techniques of prosthesis attachment to the muscular process of the equine arytenoid cartilage.
    Vet Surg 2017 Apr 29. Epub 2017 Apr 29.
    Equine Health and Performance Centre, University of Adelaide, Roseworthy, South Australia, Australia.
    Objective: To determine the degree and ease of arytenoid abduction achieved with abaxial placement of a FASTak II suture anchor compared to 2 suture patterns with different directions of insertion-caudomedial to craniolateral and medial to lateral.

    Study Design: Ex vivo experimental.

    Study Population: Cadaveric larynges from 10 Standardbred racehorses. Read More

    Distal biceps tendon injuries: A clinically relevant current concepts review.
    EFORT Open Rev 2016 Sep 13;1(9):316-324. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
    Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
    Distal biceps tendon (DBT) conditions comprise a spectrum of disorders including bicipitoradial bursitis, partial tears, acute and chronic complete tears.In low-demand patients with complete DBT tears, non-operative treatment may be entertained provided the patient understands the potential for residual weakness, particularly in forearm supination.Most acute tears are best treated by primary repair using either single-incision or double-incision techniques with good clinical outcomes. Read More

    Radial nerve palsy.
    EFORT Open Rev 2016 Aug 13;1(8):286-294. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, University College, London Medical School, North Middlesex University Hospital, UK.
    As a result of its proximity to the humeral shaft, as well as its long and tortuous course, the radial nerve is the most frequently injured major nerve in the upper limb, with its close proximity to the bone making it vulnerable when fractures occur.Injury is most frequently sustained during humeral fracture and gunshot injuries, but iatrogenic injuries are not unusual following surgical treatment of various other pathologies.Treatment is usually non-operative, but surgery is sometimes necessary, using a variety of often imaginative procedures. Read More

    Segmental sandwich osteotomy and tunnel technique for three-dimensional reconstruction of the jaw atrophy: a case report.
    Int J Implant Dent 2017 Dec 1;3(1):14. Epub 2017 May 1.
    Multidisciplinary Department of Medical and Dental Specialties, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, AOU - University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.
    Background: A three-dimensionally favourable mandibular bone crest is desirable to be able to successfully implant placement to meet the aesthetic and functional criteria in the implant-prosthetic rehabilitation. Several surgical procedures have been advocated for bone augmentation of the atrophic mandible, and the sandwich osteotomy is one of these techniques. The aim of the present case report was to assess the suitability of segmental mandibular sandwich osteotomy combined with a tunnel technique of soft tissue. Read More

    Improving Pressure Ulcer Reconstruction: Our Protocol and the COP (Cone of Pressure) Flap.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2017 Mar 30;5(3):e1234. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Division of Plastic Surgery, St. Joseph's Medical Center, Paterson, N.J.; and Division of Plastic Surgery, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, R.I.
    Background: Surgical treatment of pressure ulcers is challenging for high recurrence rates. Deepithelialized flaps have been used previously with the aim to eliminate shearing forces and the cone of pressure (COP) effect. The goal of this study is to adopt a standardized protocol and evaluate if 2 different flap techniques affect outcomes. Read More

    Modified laparoscopic placement of peritoneal dialysis catheter with intra-abdominal fixation.
    Int Urol Nephrol 2017 Apr 28. Epub 2017 Apr 28.
    Department of Nephrology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, No. 158 Shangtang Road, Hangzhou, 310014, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China.
    Purpose: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a commonly accepted method of treating end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Various laparoscopic techniques for the placement of PD catheter have been described. In this study, we developed a novel modified laparoscopic technique for PD catheter placement and evaluated the early results. Read More

    Replacing Heavily Damaged Teeth by Third Molar Autotransplantation With the Use of Cone-Beam Computed Tomography and Rapid Prototyping.
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Apr 4. Epub 2017 Apr 4.
    Maxillofacial Surgeon, Professor, and Department Head, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. Electronic address:
    This article describes the autotransplantation of third molars to replace heavily damaged premolars and molars. Specifically, this article reports on the use of preoperative cone-beam computed tomographic planning and 3-dimensional (3D) printed replicas of donor teeth to prepare artificial tooth sockets. In the present case, an 18-year-old patient underwent autotransplantation of 3 third molars to replace 1 premolar and 2 molars that were heavily damaged after trauma. Read More

    Epicardial left atrial appendage closure-comparison of surgical techniques in an ex vivo model.
    J Thorac Dis 2017 Mar;9(3):757-761
    Department of Visceral, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Marburg (UKGM), Marburg, Germany.
    Background: Formation of clots in the left atrial appendage (LAA) may lead to embolism and consecutive cerebral stroke. This risk is reduced by closure and resection. To address the efficacy of surgical LAA closure, resilience to pneumatic pressure was studied. Read More

    MONOCRYL and DERMABOND vs Staples in Total Hip Arthroplasty Performed Through a Lateral Skin Incision: A Randomized Controlled Trial Using a Patient-Centered Assessment Tool.
    J Arthroplasty 2017 Feb 24. Epub 2017 Feb 24.
    Department of Surgery, Western University, London Health Sciences Center, University Hospital, London, Ontario, Canada.
    Background: There are various possible methods of skin closure in total hip arthroplasty (THA) through a lateral skin incision. The cost and time required for each can vary between techniques. The objective of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in patient and surgeon rating of scar outcome using a combination of subcuticular suture and skin adhesive (subcuticular MONOCRYL and DERMABOND [SMD]) vs staples for skin closure after THA. Read More

    The Effect of Reinforcement Methods with Knotted and Knotless Sutures: Comparison of Burst Pressures.
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2016 Sep 22. Epub 2016 Sep 22.
    Department of General Surgery, Kecioren Training and Research Hospital , Ankara, Turkey .
    Sleeve gastrectomy operations have become popular among restrictive obesity surgeons, due to its effectiveness for losing weight and acceptable complication rates. However, leakage is a significant problem in these operations. In this ex vivo study, we tried to understand mechanisms of leakage and to examine the effects of two different types of frequently referred reinforcement techniques using sutures. Read More

    Intramyometrial Injection of Vasopressin: A novel method for Hemostasis at Laparoscopic Management of Cornual Ectopic.
    J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2017 Apr 18. Epub 2017 Apr 18.
    Department Of Obstetrics And Gynaecology, Advanced Laparoscopy Division, Altius Hospital, Bangalore, India. Electronic address:
    Study Objective: Injection of vasopressin into the uterus , significantly reduces the vascularity of the cornual ectopic, thereby resulting in bloodless surgery.

    Design: A step by step demonstration of the surgical procedure. Canadian task force classification III SETTING: while all ectopics are associated with risk of hemorrhage, cornual pregnancies are feared for catastrophic hemorrhage and uncontrollable bleeding. Read More

    Use of a custom-made limb-press model to assess intra- and extracapsular techniques for treating cranial cruciate ligament rupture in cats.
    J Feline Med Surg 2017 Apr 1:1098612X17704562. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    Department for Companion Animals and Horses, University Clinic for Small Animals, Small Animal Surgery, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria.
    Objectives This study aimed to compare the under-and-over technique, a type of intracapsular treatment, and the standard fabella-tibial suture, a method for extracapsular treatment, in achieving immediate, postoperative stifle stability after cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) rupture by using a feline, custom-made limb-press model. Methods Cadaveric feline hindlimb specimens (n = 14) were positioned in the limb press at predefined joint angles (stifle joint: 120°; hock joint: 120°), and vertical loads of 5%, 10%, 20% and 30% body weight were applied statically. Mediolateral radiographic views were obtained of the stifles under each load before and after CrCL transection, as well as after treatment with either of the two surgical techniques, and differences in distance between two predefined radiographic points for each radiograph were analysed. Read More

    The 'AbdoMAN': an artificial abdominal wall simulator for biomechanical studies on laparotomy closure techniques.
    Hernia 2017 Apr 20. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
    Department of Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Purpose: Incisional hernia remains a frequent complication after abdominal surgery associated with significant morbidity and high costs. Animal and clinical studies have exhibited some limitations. The purpose of this study was to develop an artificial human abdominal wall (AW) simulator in order to enable investigations on closure modalities. Read More

    Laryngeal function-preserving operation for T4a laryngeal cancer with vocal cord paralysis - A case report.
    Auris Nasus Larynx 2017 Apr 14. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Miyagi Cancer Center, Natori, Miyagi, Japan.
    For locally advanced laryngeal cancers, the standard treatment of choice is chemoradiotherapy if organ function needs to be conserved. Surgical treatment with larynx preservation is conducted only for limited cases. For locally advanced laryngeal cancers such as those with vocal cord fixation and/or cricoid cartilage destruction, there is no apparent standardized organ-preserving surgery keeping the essential laryngeal functions, viz. Read More

    The Novel Technique of Transabdominal Preperitoneal Hernioplasty Herniorrhaphy for Direct Inguinal Hernia: Suture Repair of Hernia Defect Wall.
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2017 Apr 17. Epub 2017 Apr 17.
    2 Department of Surgery, Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine , Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Conventional laparoscopic surgeries of direct inguinal hernia include two methods, transabdominal preperitoneal hernioplasty (TAPP) and totally extraperitoneal hernioplasty. Both methods are performed using synthetic mesh without suturing the hernia defect and require extensive mesh coverage for not only Hesselbach's triangle but also indirect ring. For minimally invasive operation, suture of direct hernia defect was devised and performed. Read More

    The use of a novel perfusion-based cadaveric simulation model with cerebrospinal fluid reconstitution comparing dural repair techniques: a pilot study.
    Spine J 2017 Apr 12. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1200 North State St, Suite 3300, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA.
    Background Context: Watertight dural repair is crucial for both incidental durotomy and closure after intradural surgery.

    Purpose: The study aimed to describe a perfusion-based cadaveric simulation model with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) reconstitution and to compare spine dural repair techniques.

    Study Design/setting: The study is set in a fresh tissue dissection laboratory. Read More

    Surgical treatment of postintubation tracheal stenosis: A retrospective 22-patient series from a single center.
    Asian J Surg 2017 Apr 12. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Department of Thoracic Surgery, Gaziantep University Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey.
    Background/objective: We aimed to present cases of postintubation tracheal stenosis (PITS), all due to long-term intubation and treated surgically in a university hospital, and to discuss them in light of the literature.

    Methods: In this retrospective study, 22 patients who were treated with tracheal resection and reconstruction due to PITS were included. Demographics, intubation characteristics, localization of stenosis, surgical technique and material, postoperative complications, and survival of patients were recorded. Read More

    Sutureless functional end-to-end anastomosis using a linear stapler with polyglycolic acid felt for intestinal anastomoses.
    Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2017 May 31;17:50-53. Epub 2017 Mar 31.
    Kitasato University, School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-0374, Japan.
    Background: Gastrointestinal anastomosis remains associated with a considerable burden of morbidity and, in some cases, mortality. Functional end-to-end anastomosis, whilst extremely efficient, is vulnerable to increased intestinal pressure in the immediate postoperative period, which may predispose to development of anastomotic leakage or bleeding. Therefore, there is a requirement for new techniques that facilitate safe and efficacious anastomotic procedures. Read More

    Securing a Chest Tube Properly: A Simple Framework for Teaching Emergency Medicine Residents and Assessing Their Technical Abilities.
    J Emerg Med 2017 Apr 10. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
    Background: Quality-improvement efforts at our institution have identified chest tube dislodgement as a preventable complication of tube thoracostomy. Because proper fixation techniques are not well described in the literature and are seldom formally taught, techniques vary among residents.

    Objective: Our aim was to develop and test a framework for teaching and assessing chest tube securement. Read More

    Braided tape is equivalent to modified Mason-Allen multi-strand #2 suture in subscapularis muscle repair: results of a biomechanical study.
    Shoulder Elbow 2017 Apr 21;9(2):85-91. Epub 2016 Nov 21.
    Université de Montréal, Montreal, Québec, Canada; Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal, Montreal, Québec, Canada.
    Background: To help determine the optimal fixation method for subscapularis tendon repair in arthroplasty, the present study compares single-passage transosseous tape (BT) and modified Mason-Allen #2 suture (MA).

    Methods: Eighteen human cadaveric shoulders were randomized to two repair constructs after arthroplasty preparation. Both techniques included two transosseous passages through the bicipital groove and then through the tendon at the level of the anatomical neck. Read More

    Minimally invasive surgical technique for tethered surgical drains.
    Indian J Orthop 2017 Mar-Apr;51(2):213-216
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.
    A feared complication of temporary surgical drain placement is from the technical error of accidentally suturing the surgical drain into the wound. Postoperative discovery of a tethered drain can frequently necessitate return to the operating room if it cannot be successfully removed with nonoperative techniques. Formal wound exploration increases anesthesia and infection risk as well as cost and is best avoided if possible. Read More

    Intraoperative measurement of limb lengthening during total hip arthroplasty.
    Indian J Orthop 2017 Mar-Apr;51(2):162-167
    Department of Orthopedics, University Hospital of Ioannina, 45500 Ioannina, Greece.
    Background: Limb length discrepancy (LLD) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common problem which cannot be completely resolved. Many techniques have been described in order to minimize postoperative LLD, but most of these techniques are difficult to apply. Ideal technique must be simple and accurate. Read More

    Comparison of Fixation Techniques of 3D-Woven Poly(ϵ-Caprolactone) Scaffolds for Cartilage Repair in a Weightbearing Porcine Large Animal Model.
    Cartilage 2017 Apr 1:1947603517700953. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, McKay Orthopaedic Research Lab, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Objective To test different fixation methods of a 3-dimensionally woven poly(ϵ-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffold within chondral defects of a weightbearing large animal model. Methods Full thickness chondral defects were made in the femoral condyles of 15 adult male Yucatan mini-pigs. Two surgical approaches were compared including total arthrotomy (traditional) and a retinaculum-sparing, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) approach. Read More

    A Retrospective Evaluation of Anatomical Reinsertion of the Distal Biceps Brachii Tendon Using an ACL TightRope® RT with a Titanium Cortical Button and Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Suture: A Preliminary Report.
    Polim Med 2016 Jul-Dec;46(2):163-169
    Department of Traumatology, Clinic of Traumatology and Hand Surgery, Wroclaw University Clinical Hospital, Wroclaw, Poland.
    Background: Various surgical techniques for treating distal biceps brachii tendon injury have been described, and to date there is no consensus regarding the preferred fixation method for the anatomic reinsertion of the ruptured tendon.

    Objectives: The aim of the study was to clinically and functionally evaluate the upper limb after surgical anatomic reinsertion of the distal biceps brachii tendon using an ACL TightRope® RT with a titanium cortical button and ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) suture, and to assess postoperative complications.

    Material And Methods: The sample comprised 3 patients. Read More

    A novel interventional method for treating femoral pseudoaneurysms- results from a monocentric experience.
    EuroIntervention 2017 Apr 11. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    Technische Universität Dresden - Heart Center, Department of Cardiology and Intensive Care Fetscherstrasse 76 01307 Dresden, Germany.
    Aims: Iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms of the femoral artery lead to increased morbidity and mortality, especially when surgical treatment is necessary. Manual compression and thrombin injection are commonly used to occlude the pseudoaneurysms. However, in some cases these treatment options are inapplicable or unsuccessful. Read More

    "Buddy wire" for facilitation of femoral venous access for cryoablation: a preliminary report.
    Kardiol Pol 2017 Apr 10. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    2nd Department of Coronary Artery Disease Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw Poland.
    Background: Some electrophysiological techniques, such as balloon cryoablation, involve the use of steerable sheaths of large diameter (outer diameter 15Fr or more). Their introduction to the femoral vein may be difficult, especially in patients who have had numerous venipunctures in this area. The authors describe a modification of typical venous access with the use of a "buddy wire" technique, facilitating the insertion of the cryoablation sheaths to the femoral vein. Read More

    A Modified Tracheal Transaction Approach for the Repair of Nonmalignant Tracheoesophageal Fistulas: A Report of 5 Cases.
    ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2017 Apr 8;79(3):147-152. Epub 2017 Apr 8.
    Department of Head and Neck Surgical Oncology, National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.
    Background: A postintubation tracheoesophageal fistula is a rare complication of a tracheotomy. Surgical repair is the only viable option for these patients, but the repair techniques presented in the literature vary.

    Methods: We used a modified tracheal transaction approach to repair 5 cases of nonmalignant tracheoesophageal fistulas. Read More

    Mechanical properties of 6 finger-trap suture techniques.
    Vet Surg 2017 Apr 8. Epub 2017 Apr 8.
    Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, United Kingdom.
    Objective: To identify the most common methods used by surgeons to place finger-trap sutures (FTS), and determine their influence on the biomechanical properties of constructs.

    Study Design: Questionnaire and experimental study.

    Methods: Six commonly used FTS methods (A-F) were identified from literature review and questionnaire. Read More

    A systematic review and meta-analysis concerning single-site laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure for pediatric inguinal hernia and hydrocele.
    Surg Endosc 2017 Apr 7. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    Department of Pediatric Urology, Ningbo Women and Children's Hospital, No. 266 Cishuixi street, Cicheng New Town, Jiangbei District, Ningbo, 315031, Zhejiang, China.
    Background: Single-site laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure (SLPEC) of hernia sac/processus vaginalis has been widely performed for repair of inguinal hernia/hydrocele in children. However, a variety of surgical instruments and techniques were used, and significant differences existed among the SLPEC reports.

    Methods: A literature search was performed for all available studies concerning SLPEC for pediatric inguinal hernia/hydrocele in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane library. Read More

    Correcting Deviations of the Lower Third of the Nose.
    Facial Plast Surg 2017 Apr 7;33(2):157-161. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.
    By convention, a "deviated nose" is one in which the lower third is asymmetric with regard to the midline. The lower third of the nose is composed of the lower cartilages, as well as the dorsal and caudal nasal septum. Not only does the deviated nose cause a cosmetic deformity that is often disconcerting for patients, but it may also be associated with functional problems. Read More

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