1,233,714 results match your criteria Survey of Ophthalmology[Journal]


Patient readiness for hospital discharge and its relationship to discharge preparation and structural factors: A cross-sectional study.

Int J Nurs Stud 2018 Nov 19;90:13-20. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Institute of Nursing Science, University of Basel, Bernoullistrasse 28, 4056 Basel, Switzerland; Inselspital Bern University Hospital, Nursing Research Unit, 3010 Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Nursing discharge preparation is vital to successful hospital-to-home transitions. However, despite a wealth of evidence on its effectiveness, little is known of the structure- and process-related factors that facilitate or impede its use in clinical practice. Specifically, the associations between unit size and type, leadership support, skill mix, staffing, nurse and patient characteristics, discharge teaching and patient readiness for discharge have rarely been studied. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Social support and second trimester depression.

Midwifery 2018 Nov 23;69:158-162. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Nursing Department of Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, No.2699, West Gaoke Road, Pudong New Area, Shanghai 201204, China.

Background: Depression is the most prevalent psychiatric disease during and after pregnancy (Aktas and Yesilcicek, 2015). Social supportive system (SSS) serves to protect against the development of depressive symptoms (Moshki and Cheravi, 2016). The mitigating effect of SSS on depression among expectant Chinese women is unclear. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Loricate choanoflagellates (Acanthoecidae) from warm water seas?A I. Conioeca gen. nov. and Nannoeca Thomsen.

Eur J Protistol 2018 Nov 14;67:77-88. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Nørrebrogade 52a 5th, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark.

The main outcome of this and subsequent papers is to provide a baseline survey of heterotrophic protist diversity from warm water marine ecosystems, exemplified by loricate choanoflagellates (Acanthoecida). Loricate choanoflagellates are heterotrophic, nano-sized protists that are ubiquitous in marine and brackish water habitats. They dwell in a lorica formed by silicified costal strips organized in species specific patterns. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Prevalence and correlates of physical inactivity among older adults in Malaysia: Findings from the National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2015.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Nov 26;81:74-83. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence Based Practice, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Malaysia has an increasingly aging population. Despite the substantial benefits of physical activity for healthy aging, older adults are considered the most physically inactive segment of the Malaysian population. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical inactivity among older adults in Malaysia and its correlates. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Race and income moderate the association between depressive symptoms and obesity.

Prev Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, United States of America.

Complex interrelationships between race, sex, obesity and depression have been well-documented. Because of differences in associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and health by race, determining the role of SES may help to further explicate these relationships. The aim of this study was to determine how race and income interact with obesity on depression. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Economic cost of malaria at household in high and low transmission areas of central India.

Authors:
Mrigendra Singh

Acta Trop 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research Field Unit Jablpur, Epidemiology, ICMR-NIRTH Campus, Nagpur Road, 482003, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. Electronic address:

The cost burden of malaria at the household level, resulting from complex social, economic, and epidemiological factors, is enormous. This study was carried out to estimate the economic burden of malaria at the household level in low and high malaria transmission areas of central India. We conducted surveys with households in which at least one member had suffered from malaria in the three months preceding the survey. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Healthcare Providers' Advice on Lifestyle Modification in the US Population: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2016.

Am J Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Kinderspitalgasse 15/1, 1090 Vienna, Austria; Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alberta Health Services, Holy Cross Centre, 2210-2nd Street SW, Box ACB, Calgary, AB, T2S 3C3, Canada; Preventive Oncology & Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: Healthcare providers are encouraged to prescribe lifestyle modifications for preventing and managing obesity and associated chronic conditions. However, the pattern of lifestyle advice provision is unknown. We investigate the prevalence of advised lifestyle modification according to weight status and chronic conditions in a US nationally representative sample. Read More

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December 2018

Peri-Procedural Antithrombotic Management from a Patient Perspective: A Qualitative Analysis.

Am J Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Center for Bioethics and Social Science in Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; Frankel Cardiovascular Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Electronic address:

Background: Peri-procedural antithrombotic medication management is a complex, often confusing process for patients and their providers. Communication difficulties often lead to suboptimal medication management resulting in delayed or cancelled procedures.

Methods: We conducted telephone surveys with patients taking chronic antithrombotic medications who had recently undergone an endoscopy procedure. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Instrument Selection and Application Used to Probe Dental Implants.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to survey clinicians' choice of peri-implant instrument selection and the application used to probe dental implants as well as to evaluate peri-implant probing force and pressure applied as compared to that reported in current literature.

Materials And Methods: 48 clinicians (16 periodontists/periodontal residents, 16 restorative dentists and 16 hygienists) participated in the study. A questionnaire to determine the frequency and method of probing dental implants was provided and subject to the Chi-square test. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Application of the Andersen-Newman model of health care utilization to understand antenatal care use in Kersa District, Eastern Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208729. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Research Centre for Generational Health and Ageing, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.

Background: In Ethiopia, the uptake of antenatal care services has been low. Moreover, there is less frequent and late attendance of antenatal care among women who attend. Using the Anderson-Newman model of health care utilization, this study identified factors that either facilitate or impede antenatal care utilization in Kersa district, Eastern Ethiopia. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of functional constipation among Palestinian preschool children and the relation to stressful life events.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208571. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Haaglanden Medical Center, The Hague, the Netherlands.

Aim: Increasing evidence exists with respect to the relation between stressful life events and functional constipation (FC). We aimed to investigate the prevalence of FC in Palestinian refugee preschool children and to determine if stress and trauma exposure are risk factors of FC in these children.

Methods: From November 2013 until May 2014, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in West Bank, Gaza and Jordan. Read More

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December 2018

Pain could negatively affect school grades - Swedish middle school students with low school grades most affected.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208435. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Occupational and environmental medicine, Public Health and Community Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Recurrent headache, abdominal and musculoskeletal pain are common in adolescents and it is therefore important to understand their impact on the transitional period from childhood to adulthood. However, studies of the prevalence over time and implications on educational outcomes are still limited, especially regarding multiple pain symptoms. The present study material consists of questionnaire surveys, completed in 2000 and 2008, including two study populations of 9th grade adolescents aged 15 living in West Sweden (n = 20 877). Read More

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December 2018

Health literacy in men and women with cardiovascular diseases and its association with the use of health care services - Results from the population-based GEDA2014/2015-EHIS survey in Germany.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208303. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Robert Koch Institute Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Health literacy (HL), defined as the ability to access, understand, appraise and apply health information, offers a promising approach to reduce the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and to improve the management of CVD in populations.

Design: We used data from nationwide cross-sectional German Health Update (GEDA2014/2015-EHIS) survey. 13,577 adults ≥ 40 years completed a comprehensive standardized paper or online questionnaire including the short form of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q16). Read More

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December 2018

The burden of stroke in China: Results from a nationwide population-based epidemiological survey.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208398. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neuroepidemiology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Stroke is a serious threat to human health that often leads to severe complications, and currently ranks first as leading cause of death in China. However, reliable data on stroke burden in China in the 21st century are lacking. We used the data from NESS-China (National Epidemiological Survey of Stroke in China) for assessing the adverse health effects of stroke in Chinese population. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A comparison of maternal and newborn health services costs in Sindh Pakistan.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208299. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Women & Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Pakistani women suffer the highest rate of maternal mortality in South Asia. A lack of comprehensive knowledge about maternal and newborn health (MNH) services costs impedes policy decisions to maximize the benefit from existing, as well as emerging, MNH interventions in Pakistan. We compared MNH service costs at different levels of care. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Validity and measurement invariance across sex, age, and education level of the French short versions of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208091. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Université Paris-Saclay, Univ. Paris-Sud, UVSQ, CESP, INSERM, Villejuif, France.

Background: Short versions of the European Health Literacy Survey (HLS-EU) questionnaire are increasingly used to measure and compare health literacy (HL) in populations worldwide. As no validated versions of these questionnaires have thus far appeared in French, this study aimed to study the psychometric properties of the French translation of the 16- and 6-item short versions (HLS-EU-Q16 and HLS-EU-Q6), including their measurement invariance across sex, age, and education level.

Methods: A consensual French version of the HLS-EU-Q16 and HLS-EU-Q6 was developed by following the current recommendations for transcultural questionnaire adaptation. Read More

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December 2018

Molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 infection among men who have sex with men in Taiwan from 2013 to 2015.

PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0202622. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Center for Infectious Disease and Cancer Research, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Men who have sex with men (MSM) is the major risk population of HIV-1 infection in Taiwan, and its surveillance has become critical in HIV-1 prevention. We recruited MSM subjects from 17 high-risk venues and 4 community centers in northern and southern Taiwan for anonymous HIV-1 screening during 2013-2015. Blood samples were obtained for genotyping and phylogenetic analysis, and a questionnaire survey covering demographic variables and social behavior was conducted. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Monitoring the elimination of human African trypanosomiasis: Update to 2016.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 6;12(12):e0006890. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

World Health Organization, Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, Innovative and Intensified Disease Management, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is a neglected tropical disease targeted for elimination 'as a public health problem' by 2020. The indicators to monitor progress towards the target are based on the number of reported cases, the related areas and populations exposed at various levels of risk, and the coverage of surveillance activities. Based on data provided by the National Sleeping Sickness Control Programmes (NSSCP), Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and research institutions-and assembled in the Atlas of HAT-the World Health Organization (WHO) provides here an update to 2016 for these indicators, as well as an analysis of the epidemiological situation. Read More

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December 2018

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Among Nonsmokers - United States, 1988-2014.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Dec 7;67(48):1342-1346. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Exposure to secondhand smoke from burning tobacco products can cause sudden infant death syndrome, respiratory infections, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants and children, and coronary heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer in adult nonsmokers (1). There is no risk-free level of secondhand smoke exposure (2). CDC analyzed questionnaire and laboratory data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to assess patterns of secondhand smoke exposure among U. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The Observational Physician and surGEon Automobile Response (TOP GEAR) survey.

Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):503-505

The Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, SA.

Objective: To determine whether surgeons and junior doctors intending to pursue careers in surgery are more likely to purchase more expensive vehicles and to replace them sooner than colleagues of similar seniority pursuing non-surgical careers.

Design And Setting: Survey of practising medical officers at an Australian tertiary referral hospital.

Main Outcome Measures: Car value; proportion of doctors who bought their car new; median time to replacement of vehicle. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Follow-up and adherence to glaucoma care by newly diagnosed glaucoma patients in enugu, nigeria.

Ophthalmic Epidemiol 2018 Dec 6:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a College of Medicine, Enugu State University of Technology(ESUT), Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT) Teaching Hospital Parklane , The Eye Specialists Hospital (TESH) , Enugu , Nigeria.

Purpose: To determine uptake, adherence and influencing factors to follow-up care by newly diagnosed glaucoma patients from free eye screening exercise.

Methods: The study was a cross-sectional survey of newly diagnosed glaucoma patients during free eye screenings carried out in March and October, 2016 in Enugu, Nigeria. Data on participants were analyzed after a minimum of 6 months from the screening for uptake and adherence to follow-up care. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Low-value care: antipsychotic medication use among community-dwelling medicare beneficiaries with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias and without severe mental illness.

Aging Ment Health 2018 Dec 6:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Department of Pharmaceutical Systems and Policy , West Virginia University , Morgantown , WV , USA.

Background: Antipsychotic medication use among elderly with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) and without severe mental illness is considered as low-value care. Our objective was to assess the factors associated with this inappropriate use of antipsychotic medications among community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries with ADRD and without severe mental illness.

Methods: This study used a retrospective cross-sectional design. Read More

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December 2018

Monitoring service quality: Lindsay Leg Club member satisfaction survey.

Authors:
Ellie Lindsay

Br J Community Nurs 2018 Dec;23(Sup12):S24-S28

OBE FQNI Life President, Lindsay Leg Club Foundation.

The Lindsay Leg Club network is a research-based initiative that provides treatment, health guidance, education and ongoing care for people of all age groups who are experiencing lower limb-related problems. Leg Club clinicians work in a unique partnership with patients (known as 'members') and the local community. Working to current best-practice guidelines, they provide a high standard of care in a social and friendly setting that promotes understanding, peer support and informed choice. Read More

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December 2018

Dramatic polarization in genitourinary expert opinions regarding the clinical utility of positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in prostate cancer.

Int Braz J Urol 2018 Oct 30;44. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Radiation Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Objectives: To ascertain the opinions of North American genitourinary (GU) experts regarding inclusion of technologies such as prostate - specific membrane antigen (PSMA) and C - 11 choline positron emission tomography (PET) into routine practice.

Materials And Methods: A survey was distributed to North American GU experts. Questions pertained to the role of PSMA and C - 11 PET in PCa management. Read More

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October 2018

Self-management intervention for head and neck cancer couples: Results of a randomized pilot trial.

Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Background: Patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) experience significant physical and psychological morbidity during radiotherapy (RT) that contributes to treatment interruptions and a poor quality of life. Although spouses/partners can help by encouraging patient self-management (eg, self-care) during RT, they often experience high psychological distress rates, lack basic health care knowledge and skills, and report increased marital conflict regarding patient self-management. The current pilot study examined the feasibility and acceptability of a 6-session telephone-based intervention called Spouses coping with the Head And neck Radiation Experience (SHARE), which teaches self-management, communication, and coping skills to patients with HNC and their spouses. Read More

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December 2018

The Prevalence of Atopic Dermatitis and Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria are Associated with Parental Socioeconomic Status in Adolescents in China.

Acta Derm Venereol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Dermatology, Xiangya Hospital, 410008 Changsha, China.

The association of atopic dermatitis and chronic spontaneous urticaria with socioeconomic status has been little studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of skin diseases and their association with socioeconomic status in adolescents in China. A cross-sectional study was conducted at a comprehensive university. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Use of Systemic Treatment in Patients with Chronic Pruritus: A Survey of Dermatologists in the Netherlands.

Acta Derm Venereol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Dermatology, Radboud university medical center, 6500HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Treatment of chronic pruritus can be a challenge for clinicians. Several systemic treatments have been suggested to reduce itch, such as gabapentinoids and antidepressants. The aim of this study was to assess the current practice of dermatologists regarding systemic treatment in patients with chronic pruritus, and to identify possible barriers in the prescription of these treatments. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among men having sex with men in Togo: a national cross-sectional survey.

Clin Infect Dis 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Université de Lomé, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Département de Santé Publique, Lomé, Togo.

Background: Sub-Saharan Africa is a region of both high HIV and anal cancer incidence. We conducted the first national study in Togo to assess HPV, HIV and other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) prevalence among Men having Sex with Men (MSM).

Methods: A multicentric cross-sectional study was conducted among MSM recruited in four Togolese cities based on the respondent-driven sampling method. Read More

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December 2018

Association Between Noninfectious Uveitis and Psychological Stress.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Francis I. Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco.

Importance: Uveitis involves dysregulation of the ocular immune system. Stress has been shown to affect immune function, but it is unclear whether there is an association between stress and uveitis.

Objective: To determine whether having uveitis is associated with psychological stress. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[The second multicenter observational registry on the management of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction in the Veneto Region (VENERE 2)].

Authors:

G Ital Cardiol (Rome) 2018 Dec;19(12):714-720

Background: We sought to evaluate the epidemiology and the management of ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the Veneto Region (VENERE 2) in 2014, 10 years after a similar survey conducted in the early 2000s.

Methods: Between October 2014 and March 2015, all consecutive patients admitted to the Cardiology Divisions of the Veneto Region with STEMI were enrolled in an observational, prospective, multicenter register, called VENERE 2. The main diagnostic and therapeutic efficiency indicators were analyzed and compared with data from the previous VENERE study performed 10 years earlier. Read More

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December 2018

Indirect Estimation of Race/Ethnicity for Survey Respondents Who Do Not Report Race/Ethnicity.

Med Care 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA.

Background: Researchers are increasingly interested in measuring race/ethnicity, but some survey respondents skip race/ethnicity items.

Objectives: The main objectives of this study were to investigate the extent to which racial/ethnic groups differ in skipping race/ethnicity survey items, the degree to which this reflects reluctance to disclose race/ethnicity, and the utility of imputing missing race/ethnicity.

Research Design: We applied a previously developed method for imputing race/ethnicity from administrative data (Medicare Bayesian Improved Surname and Geocoding 2. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A Survey of Pediatric Dentists on the Treatment Timing and Modalities for White Spot Lesions in the United States.

J Clin Pediatr Dent 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of white spot lesions (WSLs) in various practice settings and patient populations, and to gather information about the treatment timing and modalities used by pediatric dentists in the United States.

Study Design: A fourteen question, multiple choice, electronic survey was developed and distributed to 6,092 active American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) members.

Results: A total of 625 active members responded, garnering a 9. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Psychological benefits of attending the theatre associated with positive affect and well-being for subscribers over age 60.

Aging Ment Health 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Dept. of Psychological & Brain Sciences , University of Louisville , Louisville , KY , USA.

Objectives: Although late adulthood may be a time of greater well-being, optimal aging still characterizes a minority of older adults. Understanding how individuals achieve well-being across adulthood is important for intervention and social policy. We focused on how attending live theatre might enhance the well-being of a sample of 53 season ticket holders aged 60 and older. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Management of Paediatric Buckle (Torus) Wrist Fractures in Irish Emergency Departments: A National Survey

Ir Med J 2018 08 13;111(7):793. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University Hospital Galway, Galway

Buckle fractures are the most common wrist fractures reported in the paediatric age group. National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends using a non-rigid immobilisation with no follow up for these patients and appropriate discharge advice. A telephone survey was conducted to assess the variation in practice in Irish hospitals regarding the mpediatrianagement of buckle fractures. Read More

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Test-retest properties of the Patient Reported Outcomes, Burdens and Experiences (PROBE) questionnaire and its constituent domains.

Haemophilia 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Background: The Patient Reported Outcomes, Burdens and Experiences (PROBE) study aims to develop and validate questionnaire for assessing health status in patients with haemophilia and participants without bleeding disorders.

Objective: To investigate the test-retest properties of the PROBE questionnaire.

Methods: The PROBE questionnaire covers four domains and is comprised of 29 questions. Read More

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December 2018

Eating pathology and associations with long-term changes in weight and quality of life in the longitudinal assessment of bariatric surgery study.

Int J Eat Disord 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, North Dakota.

Objective: This study examines the course of eating pathology and its associations with change in weight and health-related quality of life following bariatric surgery.

Method: Participants (N = 184) completed the eating disorder examination-bariatric surgery version (EDE-BSV) and the medical outcomes study 36-Item short form health survey (SF-36) prior to and annually following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) for up to 7 years.

Results: The prevalence of ≥ weekly loss of control (LOC) eating, picking/nibbling, and cravings declined post-RYGB and remained lower through 7 years (LOC: 5. Read More

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December 2018

Emerging Design and Characterization Guidelines for Polymer-Based Infrared Photodetectors.

Acc Chem Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering , University of California San Diego , 9500 Gilman Drive , La Jolla , California 92093-0407 , United States.

Infrared photodetectors are essential to many applications, including surveillance, communications, process monitoring, and biological imaging. The short-wave infrared (SWIR) spectral region (λ = 1-3 μm) is particularly powerful for health monitoring and medical diagnostics because biological tissues show low absorbance and minimal SWIR autofluorescence, enabling greater penetration depth and improved resolution in comparison with visible light. However, current SWIR photodetection technologies are largely based on epitaxially grown inorganic semiconductors, which are costly, require complex processing, and impose cooling requirements incompatible with wearable electronics. Read More

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December 2018

Mindfulness and burnout among beside registered nurses: A cross-sectional study.

Nurs Health Sci 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Quality Management Office, the Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Nursing is a high stress job, and burnout of nurses is of particular concern. The aim of this cross-sectional survey study was to examine the relationship between mindfulness and burnout, and how the mindfulness facets vary in their associations with the different domains of burnout for Chinese nurses. A sample of registered bedside nurses working in a tertiary Chinese hospital (n = 763) was surveyed from February to June 2017 regarding mindfulness (i. Read More

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December 2018

Hydration practices in residential and nursing care homes for older people.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Nurse Consultant Older Persons Integrated Care Gateshead Health NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Aim: The aim of the study was to scope and explore hydration practices in care homes.

Background: Older residents do not regularly consume adequate fluids to support health. Achieving this is difficult with residents who have coexisting health, sensory and functional problems, as well as challenging hydration habits. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Transition to practice experiences of first and second career nurses: A mixed methods study.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Nursing, University of Wisconsin Madison, Madison, WI, United States.

Aims And Objectives: To explore the transition to nursing practice experiences of first and second career nursing students.

Background: To address the nursing shortage, alternative educational programs have been increasingly developed and implemented with to help individuals with prior career experiences transition into a career in nursing (second career nurses). However, we know little about the transition to practice experiences of second career nurses. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Regrets after tattooing and tattoo removal in the general population of France.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

FIMARAD, Hopital Necker Enfants Malades, Paris, France.

The market of tattoo removal is constantly rising [1]. Recent American polls showed a growing proportion of tattooed individuals that regretted getting tattooed: nearly one fourth (23%) in 2016 against 14% in 2012 [2]. In France, a recent poll in 2016 in France showed that 7% of the tattooed individuals had a tattoo removed [3]. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

A core outcome set for the evaluation of treatments for twin-twin transfusion syndrome.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Vascular Biology Research Centre, Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute, St George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, United Kingdom.

Background: A minimum data set, known as a core outcome set, should standardise outcome selection, collection, and reporting across future twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome research.

Methods: An international steering group including healthcare professionals, researchers, and patients, guided the development of this core outcome set. Potential core outcomes, identified through a comprehensive literature review, were entered into a three round Delphi survey. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The dilemma of pest suppression in the conservation of endangered species.

Conserv Biol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

U.S. Geological Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, 12100 Beech Forest Rd., Laurel, MD, 20708, USA.

In the conservation of endangered species, active suppression of a population of one native species to benefit another native species poses challenges. Examples include predator control and nest parasite reduction. Less obvious is the control of blood-feeding arthropods. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Airflow obstruction among ever-employed U.S. adults aged 18-79 years by industry and occupation: NHANES 2007-2008 to 2011-2012.

Am J Ind Med 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland.

Introduction: This study estimated the prevalence of spirometry-defined airflow obstruction by industry and occupation and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among ever-employed U.S. adults. Read More

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December 2018

Examining HPV Vaccination Practices and Differences Among Providers in Virginia.

J Cancer Educ 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Virginia has some of the lowest HPV vaccination rates, despite being one of the few states in the USA requiring adolescent girls receive the vaccine. Provider characteristics may be an important factor in HPV vaccination. Thus, the present study assessed provider vaccination, practices, knowledge about the vaccine, and confidence in performing behaviors related to the vaccine. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The weight-specific adolescent instrument for economic evaluation (WAItE): psychometric evaluation using a Rasch model approach.

Qual Life Res 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

Purpose: The Weight-specific Adolescent Instrument for Economic evaluation (WAItE) is a 7-item condition-specific tool assessing the impact of weight status on seven dimensions of quality of life. The content of the WAItE was developed with both treatment-seeking and non-treatment-seeking adolescents aged 11-18 years. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the WAItE in adolescent and adult populations. Read More

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December 2018

Immigrant Legal Status and Health: Legal Status Disparities in Chronic Conditions and Musculoskeletal Pain Among Mexican-Born Farm Workers in the United States.

Demography 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Sociology, University of California, Davis, 1282 SSH, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, 95616, USA.

Immigrant legal status determines access to the rights and privileges of U.S. society. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads
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