1,236,945 results match your criteria Survey of Anesthesiology [Journal]


Use of marijuana exclusively for medical purposes.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2018 Dec 4;195:13-15. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, United States; New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, United States.

Objectives: To characterize the socio-demographic characteristics, medical conditions, and psychiatric comorbidities of users of marijuana for medical and non-medical purposes.

Methods: Data were from the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III, a US nationally representative in-person interview of 36,309 adults age ≥18 years in 2012-2013.

Results: In relation to non-medical only users (n = 3339), combined (n = 362) and medical only (n = 82) users had higher prevalence of every medical condition examined. Read More

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December 2018

Association between exposure to a mixture of phenols, pesticides, and phthalates and obesity: Comparison of three statistical models.

Environ Int 2018 Dec 14;123:325-336. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Center for Global Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 211166, China; Key Laboratory of Modern Toxicology of Ministry of Education, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China. Electronic address:

Background: The evaluation of the chemical impact on human health is usually constrained to the analysis of the health effects of exposure to a single chemical or a group of similar chemicals at one time. The effects of chemical mixtures are seldom analyzed. In this study, we applied three statistical models to assess the association between the exposure to a mixture of seven xenobiotics (three phthalate metabolites, two phenols, and two pesticides) and obesity. Read More

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December 2018

Self-compassion and depression, anxiety, and resilience in adults with epilepsy.

Epilepsy Behav 2018 Dec 14;90:154-161. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Health Research, Faculty of Health and Medicine, Furness College, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YG, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Research suggests that people with epilepsy (PWE) are more likely to experience depression and anxiety than the general population. Given the adversity associated with the condition, resilience may also be important. However, to date, resilience has been largely overlooked in the epilepsy literature. Read More

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December 2018

The role of neighborhoods in household food insufficiency: Considering interactions between physical disorder, low social capital, violence, and perceptions of danger.

Soc Sci Med 2018 Dec 10;221:58-67. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

The University of Texas at San Antonio, United States.

Rationale: Food insecurity is a significant public health concern, with implications for community and individual health and well-being. Although a growing body of literature points to the role of neighborhoods in household food insecurity, studies using nationally representative samples to explore interactions between neighborhood risks - including violence and danger - are lacking.

Objective: The present study examines whether interactions between physical disorder, low social capital, and violence/danger in the neighborhood have significant implications for the risk of household food insufficiency using a large, nationally representative sample of U. Read More

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December 2018

Current perspectives of Australian therapists on rehabilitation and return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A survey.

Phys Ther Sport 2018 Dec 10;35:139-145. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Perth Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Centre, West Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Objectives: To investigate views and practices of Australian therapists on rehabilitation and return to sport (RTS) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).

Design: Survey-based study.

Setting: Online survey platform. Read More

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December 2018

Breaking habits with mindful snacking? An email-based intervention targeting unwanted snacking habits in an Australian sample.

Eat Behav 2018 Nov 30;32:37-43. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

CSIRO, Health and Biosecurity, Kintore Ave, Adelaide 5001, Australia.

Objective: To investigate the potential for an email-based, mindful eating exercise to improve unwanted snacking habits.

Method: Australian participants (N = 78, 86% female) with unwanted snacking habits engaged in a mindful eating email-based intervention, over a practice period of two weeks. All measures were completed using an online survey. Read More

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November 2018

Pruritus is Common and Under-treated in Patients with Primary Biliary Cholangitis in the United Kingdom.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom; NIHR Newcastle Biomedical Research Centre, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom.

Background And Aims: Little is known about the prevalence or treatment of pruritus associated with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). We analyzed data from patients with PBC recruited from all clinical centers in the United Kingdom (UK) to characterize the prevalence, severity, progression, and treatment of pruritus.

Methods: We performed cross-sectional and longitudinal study of patients in the UK-PBC cohort to assess trajectories of pruritus. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of International Systemic Adverse Reactions due to Allergen Immunotherapy.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Section of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Imperial College London, National Heart and Lung Institute, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK.

Background: Several classifications of systemic adverse reactions (SAR) during allergen immunotherapy (AIT) have been proposed but the comparison of their usefulness in daily clinical practice is lacking.

Objective: The present post hoc analysis was aimed to investigate the practicality of the most relevant international classifications proposed by the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (EAACI), the American Academy of Asthma, Allergology and Clinical Immunology /American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAACI/ACAAI), and the World Allergy Organization (WAO) using data provided by the longitudinal European Survey on Adverse Systemic Reactions in Allergen Immunotherapy (EASSI) based on daily clinical practice in 3 countries in Europe.

Methods: One hundred and nine SAR over 4363 AIT courses were classified as mild (n=78, 71. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Diverse members of the Xylariales lack canonical mating-type regions.

Fungal Genet Biol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 USA. Electronic address:

A survey of genomes reported here for 10 isolates of Monosporascus species and an additional 25 genomes from other members of the Xylariales (representing 15 genera) available in public databases indicated that genes typically associated with MAT1-1 (mat A) or MAT1-2 (mat a) mating types are absent or have diverged greatly relative to counterparts in other Pezizomycotina. This was particularly surprising for isolates known to be homothallic, given that homothallic members of the Pezizomycotina typically possess a MAT1-1-1 (mat A-1) gene and one or both of two other closely-linked mating-type genes, MAT1-1-2 (mat A-2) and MAT1-1-3 (mat A-3), in addition to MAT1-2-1 (mat a-1). We failed to detect candidate genes for either MAT1-1-1 or MAT1-1-2 in any member of the Xylariales. Read More

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December 2018

Association between excreta management and extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae incidence rate: Role of health-care worker's knowledge and practices.

J Hosp Infect 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

MiHAR Lab (www.mihar.univ-nantes.fr), University of Nantes, Nantes, FR-44000; Bacteriology and Infection Control Department, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes, FR-44000. Electronic address:

Background: The spread of extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) in healthcare environments has become a major public health threat in recent years.

Aim: To assess how healthcare workers (HCWs) manage excreta and the possible association with ESBL-PE incidence.

Methods: 800 HCWs and 74 nurse-supervisors were questioned through 2 self-report questionnaires in order to assess their knowledge and practices, and to determine the equipment utilized for excreta management in 74 healthcare departments. Read More

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December 2018

Heightened olfactory dysfunction and oral irritation among chronic smokers and heightened propylthiouracil (PROP) bitterness among menthol smokers.

Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Behavioral Sciences & Community Health, University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine, Farmington, CT, United States.

Chronic cigarette smoking may influence chemosensory function, which in turn, may affect cigarette usage. Because menthol in cigarettes can attenuate nicotine bitterness, choice of menthol/nonmenthol cigarettes may be influenced by ability to perceive bitterness. We examined chemosensory function of chronic smokers, hypothesizing they would show altered function in comparison to non-smokers and by menthol cigarette preference. Read More

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December 2018

An automated, electronic, client-centred results delivery system saves time and improves workflow.

Sex Health 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Traditional result notification methods, such as telephone calls, return visits and individualised emails or Short Message Service (SMS) texts, can be time consuming and may not align with client preference. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of our clients that showed that many clients prefer negative results by SMS or email, with the option to call or attend in person for positive results. We developed an innovative result-robot module in the electronic medical record that reads the electronic result and, using predefined algorithms, determines which SMS or email result template to send to the client. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Public acceptability of development in the Northern Forest of Vermont, USA-The influence of wildlife information, recreation involvement, and demographic characteristics.

PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0203515. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife, Barre, Vermont, United States of America.

Increasing development such as roads and houses will alter future landscapes and result in biological, social, and economic trade-offs. Managing development requires information on the public's acceptability of development and understanding which factors shape acceptability. In this study, we examined three questions: 1) What is the public's acceptability of development? 2) Is acceptability of development influenced by wildlife information? and 3) Is the maximum amount of acceptable development influenced by views about wildlife, involvement in outdoor recreation, and demographic factors? We conducted a visual-preference survey of 9,000 households in Vermont, USA that asked about acceptable levels of development, acceptability of wildlife, involvement in recreation, and individual and town demographics. Read More

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December 2018

An international analysis of the price and affordability of beer.

PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0208831. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Economics of Tobacco Control Project, Southern African Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Aims: To apply methods for measuring the affordability of beer in a large cross section of countries, and to investigate trends in affordability of beer over time.

Methods: We use the Relative Income Price (RIP), which uses per capita GDP, to measure the affordability of beer in up to 92 countries from 1990 to 2016 (69 countries were included in 1990, however the survey has since grown to include 92 countries). In addition to affordability, we also investigate trends in the price of beer. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Level and determinants of birth preparedness and complication readiness among pregnant women: A cross sectional study in a rural area in Bangladesh.

PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0209076. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b); Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Background: Increasing the level of birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) is one of the key interventions to promote optimal utilization of skilled maternal health services. It is therefore essential to determine the women's ability to recognize the danger signs and the level of BP/CR. This information can be used to design more effective health interventions. Read More

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December 2018

Who self-medicates? Results from structural equation modeling in the Greater Paris area, France.

PLoS One 2018 17;13(12):e0208632. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Social Epidemiology, Institut Pierre Louis d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique (UMRS 1136), INSERM, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France.

Objectives: Our study aimed to describe the prevalence of self-medication among the Paris adult population and to identify the factors associated with self-medication.

Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional study was based on data collected from the SIRS cohort (a French acronym for "Health, inequalities and social ruptures") in 2005 in the Paris metropolitan area using a face-to-face administration questionnaire among a representative sample of 3,023 French-speaking adults. Structural equation models were used to investigate the factors associated with self-medication in the overall population and according to income. Read More

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December 2018

Adapted Dance Improves Motor Abilities and Participation in Children With Down Syndrome: A Pilot Study.

Pediatr Phys Ther 2019 Jan;31(1):76-82

Division of Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy (Ms McGuire and Drs Long and Bailes) and Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics (Dr Esbensen), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Purpose: This pilot study measured effects of an adapted dance program on motor abilities and participation in children with Down syndrome (DS) and explored caregivers' qualitative feedback regarding its benefits.

Methods: Children with DS participated in 20 weekly 1-hour adapted dance sessions. The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) and Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) Dimensions D and E were administered before and after the program. Read More

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January 2019

Who is Engaged at Work? A large-Scale Study in 30 European Countries.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Workability and Working Careers, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 B, BOX 40, 00032 Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland (Hakanen, Ropponen), Research Unit Occupational & Organizational Psychology and Professional Learning, KU Leuven, Dekenstraat 2 - box 3725, 3000 Leuven, Belgium (Schaufeli, Witte), Department of Social, Health & Organizational Psychology, Utrecht University, Padualaan14, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands (Schaufeli), Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, Vaal Triangle Campus, PO Box 1174, Vanderbijlpark, 1900 South Africa (Witte).

Objective: The aim was to investigate differences in the levels of work engagement across demographic and work- and organization-related factors, and their relative importance for work engagement.

Methods: The study was based on a sample of 17 498 male and 17 897 female employees from the sixth European Working Conditions Survey collected in 2015. Linear regression models and dominance analysis were used. Read More

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December 2018

Weight status change from childhood to early adulthood and the risk of adult hypertension.

J Hypertens 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Epidemiology.

Objective: Overweight/obesity in childhood is suggested to increase risk of hypertension later in life. However, few studies have assessed the effect of trajectories of weight status from childhood to adulthood on adult hypertension. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between weight status change from childhood to early adulthood and adult hypertension in the Chinese population. Read More

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December 2018

Graduating Fellows' Procedural Comfort Level With Pulmonary Critical Care Procedures.

J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy & Critical Care, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA.

Background: Graduating fellows from pulmonary and critical care programs are expected to independently perform bronchoscopy and common medical procedures in the intensive care unit. Given variable exposure and learning opportunities at different training programs, little is known about how comfortable graduating fellows are with these procedures.

Methods: A survey concerning the ACGME required procedures for pulmonary and critical care fellowship was sent to graduating fellows and program directors at all ACGME accredited subspecialty fellowship programs in pulmonary, critical care, and combined pulmonary critical care medicine. Read More

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December 2018

Quantifying Burn Injury-Related Disability and Quality of Life in the Developing World: A Primer for Patient-Centered Resource Allocation.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

From the Department of Plastic Surgery, The University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.

Background: Untreated or undertreated burns are commonly encountered by plastic surgeons on medical trips in India and represent a major cause of disability. We sought to utilize validated patient-reported outcomes instruments to identify the patient population with the greatest burn-related disability in order to appropriately allocate plastic surgery resources to those in greatest need.

Methods: The Quick Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand, RAND 36-Item Short Form Health Survey, and Burn-Specific Health Scale-Revised, Brief, and Adapted questionnaires were administered via an interpreter during a plastic surgery trip to Jharkhand, India, in January 2018. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Towards UNAIDS Fast-Track goals: Targeting priority geographic areas for HIV prevention and care in Zimbabwe.

AIDS 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Ministry of Health and Child Care, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Introduction: Zimbabwe has made substantial progress toward the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) targets of 90-90-90 by 2020, with 73% of people living with HIV diagnosed, 87% of those diagnosed on antiretroviral therapy (ART), and 86% of those on ART virally suppressed. Despite this exceptional response, more effort is needed to completely achieve the UNAIDS targets. Here, we conducted a detailed spatial analysis of the geographical structure of the HIV epidemic in Zimbabwe to include geographical prioritization as a key component of their overall HIV intervention strategy. Read More

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December 2018

Frailty in seropositive rheumatoid arthritis patients of working age: a cross-sectional study.

Clin Exp Rheumatol 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Centre of Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.

Objectives: The prevalence of frailty has been widely researched in the elderly population. However, data about people of working age are scarce. The aim of this paper was to assess the prevalence of prefrailty and frailty in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients of working age, and to assess factors associated with prefrailty/frailty. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Ixekizumab improves patient-reported outcomes in patients with active psoriatic arthritis and inadequate response to tumour necrosis factor inhibitors: SPIRIT-P2 results to 52 weeks.

Clin Exp Rheumatol 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Medicine, Rheumatology Research Unit, University of Queensland, Sunshine Coast, QLD, Australia.

Objectives: To report patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of ixekizumab-treated patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and an inadequate response (IR) or intolerance to tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) to 52 weeks.

Methods: In SPIRIT-P2, patients with active PsA and an IR or intolerance to TNFi were randomised to ixekizumab 80 mg every 4 weeks (IXEQ4W; N=122) or every 2 weeks (IXEQ2W; N=123), or placebo (PBO; N=118) during the initial 24-week double-blind treatment period. At Week 16, background therapy was modified for IRs; additionally, IRs in the placebo group were re-randomised (1:1) to IXEQ2W or IXEQ4W. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

EXPOSURE OF ALASKA BROWN BEARS ( URSUS ARCTOS) TO BACTERIAL, VIRAL, AND PARASITIC AGENTS VARIES SPATIOTEMPORALLY AND MAY BE INFLUENCED BY AGE.

J Wildl Dis 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

2   Daniel B. Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, 180 East Green Street, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA.

We collected blood and serum from 155 brown bears ( Ursus arctos) inhabiting five locations in Alaska during 2013-16 and tested samples for evidence of prior exposure to a suite of bacterial, viral, and parasitic agents. Antibody seroprevalence among Alaska brown bears was estimated to be 15% for Brucella spp., 10% for Francisella tularensis, 7% for Leptospira spp. Read More

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December 2018

Survey of Reticuloendotheliosis Virus in Wild Turkeys ( Meleagris gallopavo) in Texas, USA.

J Wildl Dis 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 Tarleton State University, Department of Biological Sciences, Box T-0100, Stephenville, Texas 76402, USA.

Reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) is an immunosuppressive and sometimes oncogenic avian retrovirus that establishes lifelong infection in a wide range of avian species. REV-infected wild birds roaming near at-risk captive flocks, such as is the case for the highly endangered Attwater's prairie chicken ( Tympanuchus cupido attwateri; APC), could act as a reservoir for viral transmission. In wild birds, prevalence rates of REV are low and appearance of associated disease is uncommon. Read More

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December 2018

Disruptions in the Amount and Timing of Sleep and Repetitive Negative Thinking in Adolescents.

Behav Sleep Med 2018 Dec 17:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

a Department of Psychology , State University of New York Binghamton , Binghamton , NY.

Objective/background: Numerous psychiatric conditions characterized by repetitive negative thinking (RNT) are also frequently associated with disruptions in the duration and timing of sleep. The emerging literature supports that these types of sleep disruptions may be associated with negative psychological consequences such as depressed mood, anxiety, and poor emotion regulation, all of which have features of RNT. There is a paucity of research on the association between RNT and disruptions in sleep duration and timing in adolescents. Read More

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December 2018

Expanded living-donor liver transplantation criteria for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma based on the Japanese nationwide survey: the 5-5-500 rule.

Transpl Int 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Research Institute of St. Mary's Hospital, Kurume, Japan.

Expansion of the liver transplantation indication criteria for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has long been debated. Here we propose new, expanded living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) criteria for HCC patients based on a retrospective data analysis of the Japanese nationwide survey. A total of 965 HCC patients undergoing LDLT were included, 301 (31%) of whom were beyond the Milan criteria. Read More

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December 2018

Heterogeneous Dose-Response Analyses of Alcohol Abuse and Dependence.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, 130 DeSoto Street, Pittsburgh, PA, 15261.

Background: Survey-based estimates of the prevalence of alcohol abuse, dependence and disorders in the US rely upon self-reports of drinking patterns (e.g., binge drinking), social problems (e. Read More

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December 2018

Associations Between Migraine and Type 2 Diabetes in Women: Findings From the E3N Cohort Study.

JAMA Neurol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Center for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, UMR 1018, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U1018, Paris-South Paris Saclay University, Gustave Roussy Institute, Villejuif, France.

Importance: Little is known about the associations between migraine and type 2 diabetes and the temporality of the association between these 2 diseases.

Objective: To evaluate the association between migraine and type 2 diabetes incidence as well as the evolution of the prevalence of active migraine before and after type 2 diabetes diagnosis.

Design, Setting, And Participants: We used data from the E3N cohort study, a French prospective population-based study initiated in 1990 on a cohort of women born between 1925 and 1950. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Early intervention for bereaved children: What mental health professionals think.

Death Stud 2018 Dec 17:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

a Center for Crisis Psychology, Faculty of Psychology , University of Bergen , Bergen , Norway.

People rarely specify what "early intervention" following bereavement means, so we explored the views of experienced professionals working primarily with bereaved children. In an anonymous online survey, 84 mental health professionals answered questions about the content and timeframe of early intervention. The types of interventions varied, but conversation and support were most frequent. Read More

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December 2018

Long-term hip survival and factors influencing patient-reported outcomes after transtrochanteric anterior rotational osteotomy for osteonecrosis of the femoral head: A minimum 10-year follow-up case series.

Mod Rheumatol 2018 Dec 17:1-18. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

a Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences , Kyushu University , Fukuoka , Japan.

Objectives: This retrospective study aimed to assess long-term hip survival after transtrochanteric anterior rotational osteotomy (ARO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) and identify factors influencing patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in patients with preserved joints.

Methods: Altogether, 95 consecutive hips in 85 ONFH patients who underwent ARO during 2000-2007 (86.7% follow-up) were studied. Read More

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December 2018

Orthorexia nervosa: A behavioral complex or a psychological condition?

J Behav Addict 2018 Dec 17:1-14. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 Psychotherapy and Systems Neuroscience, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen , Giessen, Germany.

Background And Aims: Numerous studies have provided evidence for orthorexia nervosa (ON), an eating pattern characterized by an almost manic obsession for and fixation on healthy eating, to be of epidemiological relevance. However, there is scientific debate on whether it is merely a behavioral or lifestyle phenomenon as compared to a mental disorder. Aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore whether ON is of epidemiological and clinical relevance, and whether ON can be distinguished from other mental health disorders and healthy lifestyle features. Read More

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December 2018

Deriving alternative criteria sets for alcohol use disorders using statistical optimization: Results from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Psychological Sciences.

Much of the foundation of clinical practice, psychiatric epidemiology, and research into the etiology, course, prevention, and treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD) rests on psychiatric diagnosis. However, existing research has failed to adequately exploit empirical techniques and existing databases to derive criteria considered optimal with respect to predicting external correlates. The current project adopts a novel approach to deriving new diagnostic criteria sets and rules for AUD. Read More

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December 2018

Tobacco and cannabis co-use: Drug substitution, quit interest, and cessation preferences.

Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Battelle Public Health Center for Tobacco Research.

The co-use of tobacco and cannabis is a common practice worldwide and carries with it substantial public health burden. Few interventions exist that target both substances and little is known about quit interest, treatment preferences, and drug substitution during past cessation attempts, which is critical to guide the development of treatment strategies. The goal of this study was to provide descriptive information regarding quit interest, treatment preferences, and perceived drug substitution among adult (age 18 +) cannabis-tobacco co-users. Read More

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December 2018

The socioecological psychology of upward social mobility.

Am Psychol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Psychology, University of Virginia.

Intergenerational upward economic mobility-the opportunity for children from poorer households to pull themselves up the economic ladder in adulthood-is a hallmark of a just society. In the United States, there are large regional differences in upward social mobility. The present research examined why it is easier to get ahead in some cities and harder in others. Read More

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December 2018

Pelvic Girdle Pain Survey in Pregnancy: A Maternity Hospital Experience

Ir Med J 2018 Oct 11;111(9):829. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Galway University Hospital

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October 2018

Prevalence of Smoking and Provision of Smoking Cessation Advice during Hospitalization

Ir Med J 2018 Oct 11;111(9):821. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Psychology, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, 123 St Stephen’s Green, Dublin 2, Ireland.

Aim We aimed to determine the prevalence of smoking and smoking cessation advice received by inpatients in Beaumont Hospital and compared results to previous similar studies. Method Cross-sectional survey where we interviewed eligible in-patients over a two-week period. Results 14. Read More

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October 2018

Clotting and chromogenic factor VIII assay variability in post-infusion and spiked samples containing full-length recombinant FVIII or recombinant factor VIII Fc fusion protein (rFVIIIFc).

Int J Lab Hematol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

UK NEQAS Blood Coagulation, Sheffield, UK.

Introduction: Variability in FVIII measurement is a recognized problem. There are limited data for samples containing recombinant Factor VIII Fc fusion protein (rFVIIIFc). Many studies use samples for which factor concentrate has been spiked into FVIII deficient plasma in vitro. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of the current status of the eye lens radiation exposure in an Interventional Radiology department.

Med Lav 2018 Dec 20;109(6):471-477. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II.

Background: Following recent epidemiological studies, which showed tissue reactions from ionizing radiation at significantly lower doses, the 2013/59 EURATOM Directive of 5th December 2013 lowered the limit on the equivalent dose to the eye lens from 150 mSv to 20 mSv per year. Therefore, as a precautionary measure, it is considered appropriate to perform a timely dose monitoring by using specific dosimeters.

Objectives: Analysis of the current state of the eye lens exposures during interventional procedures. Read More

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December 2018

The role of organizational trust and organizational support on employees' well-being.

Med Lav 2018 Dec 20;109(6):459-470. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Dipartimento di Scienze Psicologiche, Pedagogiche e della Formazione, Università di Palermo.

Background: In available scientific literature, the impact of organizational trust and perceived organizational support on employees' wellbeing has mainly been investigated without focusing on the different targets they can refer to.

Objectives: The aim of the study is to test the direct role of these variables as precursors of well-being, job satisfaction and turnover intentions, by distinguishing two different levels in trust and support: the first one stemming from the employees' own team (in which employees have direct and daily interpersonal relationships, and within which they build their work experience), the second stemming from the organization itself.

Methods: In this study, a survey was administered to more than 1,000 employees of a Sicilian hospital. Read More

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December 2018

Differences by Victim Race and Ethnicity in Race- and Ethnicity-Motivated Violent Bias Crimes: A National Study.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 17:886260518818428. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 Harborview Injury Prevention & Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

Over 80% of bias-motivated violent victimization is motivated by race or ethnicity and over 50% of bias victimization occurs in non-Hispanic Whites (NHW). Our aim was to determine the risk and health impacts of race/ethnicity-motivated violent victimization by victim race/ethnicity. We examined data from the National Crime Victimization Survey (2003-2015) to estimate violent victimization risk by victim race/ethnicity across race/ethnicity bias victimization, other types of bias victimizations, and non-bias violent victimizations. Read More

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December 2018

Value and Limitations of Broad Brush Surveys Used in Community-Randomized Trials in Southern Africa.

Qual Health Res 2018 Dec 17:1049732318809940. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

2 Department of Global Health and Development, Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

We describe and reflect on a rapid qualitative survey approach called "Broad Brush Survey" (BBS) used in six community-randomized trials (CRTs)/studies in Zambia and South Africa (2004-2018) to document, compare, classify, and communicate community features systematically for public health and multidisciplinary research ends. BBS is based on a set sequence of participatory qualitative methods and fieldwork carried out prior to a CRT intervention and/or research by social scientists to generate rapid community profiles using four key indicators: physical features, social organization, networks, and community narratives. Profiling makes apparent similarities and differences, enabling comparison across communities and can be facilitated by an ideal model of open-closed systems. Read More

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December 2018

The association of bike fitting with injury, comfort, and pain during cycling: An international retrospective survey.

Eur J Sport Sci 2018 Dec 15:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

e Applied Neuromechanics Group, Laboratory of Neuromechanics , Federal University of Pampa , Uruguaiana , Brazil.

Although bike fitting is recommended to help reduce injury risk, little empirical evidence exists to indicate an association between bike fitting and injury incidence. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of bike fitting on self-reported injury, comfort, and pain while cycling from a worldwide survey of cyclists. A total of 849 cyclists completed an online questionnaire between February and October 2016. Read More

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December 2018

"Men Cannot Be Raped": Correlates of Male Rape Myth Acceptance.

Authors:
Scott M Walfield

J Interpers Violence 2018 Dec 17:886260518817777. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.

Despite the increased attention surrounding rape and sexual assault, research on male victims remains limited, particularly concerning the adherence to rape myths. Rape myths, which are false beliefs that are widely accepted, contribute to the justification and normalization of sexual violence by offenders and focus on the actions and behavior of victims while minimizing the harm. Addressing the gaps in the research, the present study examines how demographics, personal experiences with rape (i. Read More

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December 2018

Status survey on enema reduction of paediatric intussusception in China.

J Int Med Res 2018 Dec 16:300060518814120. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

Objective: Intussusception is a common paediatric abdominal emergency in infants. The first-line treatment of choice in uncomplicated paediatric intussusception is enema reduction. The study aim was to provide an overview of the current national practice of enema reduction of paediatric intussusception in China. Read More

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December 2018

Quality of life and outcomes in patients with a large toxic adenoma undergoing laser ablation plus radioiodine vs lobectomy.

Int J Hyperthermia 2018 Dec 16:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

a Division of Endocrinology , "V. Fazzi" Hospital, Piazza F. Muratore , Lecce , Italy.

Purpose: Patients with toxic adenomas (TAs) that are too large to undergo radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment aimed at resolving hyperthyroidism and/or relieving mechanical pressure symptoms are referred to surgery. This prospective study aimed to assess the outcomes of combining laser ablation (LA) plus RAI vs lobectomy to treat large TAs in terms of clinical efficacy and the health-related quality of life (HRQoL).

Patients And Methods: Patients with TAs of volumes greater than 20 mL and a calculated therapeutic activity exceeding 600 Mbq were randomly assigned to undergo LA + RAI (Group A) or lobectomy (Group B). Read More

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December 2018

Effectiveness of custom-made foot orthoses in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized controlled trial.

Clin Rehabil 2018 Dec 17:269215518819118. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

1 Department of Podiatry, University of Seville, Seville, Spain.

Objective:: To determine the effect of custom-made foot orthoses versus placebo insoles on pain, disability, foot functionality, and quality of life.

Design:: Double-blinded randomized controlled trial.

Setting:: University Podiatric Clinical Area. Read More

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December 2018

Gender difference of symptoms of acute coronary syndrome among Chinese patients: a cross-sectional study.

Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2018 Dec 17:1474515118820485. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

5 LinYi People's Hospital, Nursing Administrative Department, China.

Background:: The incidence of acute coronary syndrome is increasing in China.

Objective:: To investigate gender differences in Chinese patients' acute coronary syndrome symptoms, attribution of symptoms and reasons for seeking medical service.

Methods:: This was a cross-sectional, multicentre study. Read More

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December 2018
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