3,461,605 results match your criteria Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy [Journal]
Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):519-524. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Spital Thurgau AG, Urologie, Frauenfeld.
The classical algorithm of the management of male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) includes a surgical approach in case pharmacological therapy has failed. Emerging minimally-invasive treatments (MITs) offer potential for rapid symptomatic relief, reducing the morbidity of invasive BPH surgery. Convective interstitial radiofrequency water vapour thermal ablation of the prostate with the Rezūm system is a novel MIT for the treatment of bothersome moderate-to-severe lower urinary tract symptoms associated with BPH. Read More
Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):500-508. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Klinik und Poliklinik für Urologie und Kinderurologie der Universitätsmedizin Mainz, Mainz.
Introduction: Virtual reality (VR) is an artificially simulated environment permitting interaction. On the other hand, augmented reality (AR) is an enhanced version of reality created by the use of technology to overlay digital information on an image of something being viewed through a device. Both technologies have partially been implemented in clinical daily routine. Read More
Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 6;49(6):488-499. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Urologische Universitätsklinik Mannheim, Klinik für Urologie und Kinderurologie, Mannheim.
The introduction of robotics led to a decrease in the importance of classical laparoscopy. Nevertheless laparoscopy and retroperitoneoscopy underwent significant technological improvements during the last decade, including introduction of 4k Ultra HD video technology, 3D-HD-videosystems, minaturised instruments, advanced sealing devices, instruments with 7 degrees of freedom, and ergonomic platforms Ethos Chair. The monopoly of robotic surgical devices will end in 2019, because key patents of Intuitive Surgical will expire. Read More
Ophthalmic Res 2018 Dec 6:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Ophthalmology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu,
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of bilateral lateral rectus muscle recession (BLR) to treat recurrent exotropia after bilateral medial rectus muscle resection (BMR).
Methods: Twenty-four patients who underwent BLR for recurrent exotropia and were followed up for more than 6 months were included in this retrospective study. All of them had prior BMR. Read More
Digestion 2018 Dec 6:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.
Background/aims: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) using the Clutch Cutter (CC), a scissor-type knife, compared with those of procedures using conventional devices.
Methods: This single-center retrospective study evaluated 237 patients with early gastric cancer: 83 who underwent ESD using the CC group and 154 who underwent ESD using the insulated-tip knife 2 (IT2 group). Clinicopathological features and technical outcomes were compared between the 2 groups using a propensity score-matched analysis. Read More
Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 29;54:42-46. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of General Surgery, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Introduction: Mucormycosis is a life threatening fungal infection that occurs in immunocompromised patients.
Presentation Of Case: A 36-year-old Saudi male with known case of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM), who was presented with productive cough and diarrhea. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a disseminated fungal invasion of the lungs and spleen with invading the fundus of the stomach. Read More
Epilepsy Behav 2018 Dec 3;90:93-98. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
IRCCS "NEUROMED", Pozzilli, IS, Italy; Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Italy.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report long-term seizure outcome in patients who underwent frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) surgery.
Method: This retrospective study included 44 consecutive subjects who underwent resective surgery for intractable FLE at IRCCS NEUROMED (period 2001-2014), followed up for at least 2 years (mean: 8.7 years). Read More
Int J Nurs Stud 2018 Nov 19;90:13-20. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Institute of Nursing Science, University of Basel, Bernoullistrasse 28, 4056 Basel, Switzerland; Inselspital Bern University Hospital, Nursing Research Unit, 3010 Bern, Switzerland.
Background: Nursing discharge preparation is vital to successful hospital-to-home transitions. However, despite a wealth of evidence on its effectiveness, little is known of the structure- and process-related factors that facilitate or impede its use in clinical practice. Specifically, the associations between unit size and type, leadership support, skill mix, staffing, nurse and patient characteristics, discharge teaching and patient readiness for discharge have rarely been studied. Read More
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2018 Dec 1;176:47-52. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
Department of Neurosurgery, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Objectives: Suboccipital decompressive craniectomy (SDC) is considered the best treatment option in patients with space-occupying cerebellar infarction and clinical signs of deterioration. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term functional outcome in patients one year after SDC for space-occupying cerebellar infarction, and secondly, to determine factors associated with outcome.
Patients And Methods: All patients treated with SDC due to space-occupying cerebellar infarction between January 2009 and October 2015 were included in the study. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 3;110:312-318. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Surgical Oncology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address:
Colorectal cancer (CRC), as a prominent cause of cancer-related deaths, has historically been notable worldwide and many attempts have been made to raise the overall survival of CRC patients. Immune response has long been a question of great interest in a wide range of fields such as cancer therapies and anti-tumor immunity through checkpoint inhibitors, specifically anti PD-1/ PD-L1 interaction, is a new line of research for treatment of CRC patients. Following the successful development of anti-PD-1 for melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, and non-small cell lung cancer, several clinical trials have been conducted on monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against PD-1 in CRC. Read More
Breast 2018 Nov 26;43:85-90. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Department of Surgical Oncology, Centre of Oncology, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Institute, Cracow Branch, ul. Garncarska 11, 31-115 Cracow, Poland.
Purpose: The primary treatment of choice for patients with phyllodes tumor of the breast (PTB) is surgery. Two major problems regarding the treatment of such patients remain unclear: what is the appropriate surgical margin and what role is played by adjuvant radiotherapy (ART).
Methods: The study provides a retrospective review of all patients with PTB treated between 1952 and 2013 at a single institute. Read More
World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, HNS&FDRc, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy.
Background: Endoscopic endonasal transpterygoid approach is emerging as a valid option for treating selected tumors in the infratemporal fossa. Compared to traditional open approaches, the endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) presents more difficulty in controlling bleeding and less choice in surgical instruments for endoscopic tumor dissection, which is often performed with bipolar forceps or steel dissectors.
Case Description: We describe the use of an ultrasonic scalpel device for performing endoscopic endonasal resection of two rare infratemporal fossa tumors (mature teratoma and hemangiopericytoma), which has not been reported in the literature so far. Read More
World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology and Minia University Hospital, Mohammed Badway str., 61111, El-Minia, Egypt; Minia University Spine Unit (MUSU), Faculty of Medicine, Minia University. Minia University Hospital, Mohammed Badway str., 61111, El-Minia, Egypt. Electronic address:
Background Data: Complexity in ventral surgical exposure, presence of scapula and large para-scapular musculature during posterior surgery are the main obstacles in operative treatment of Upper Thoracic Spine Compressive Lesions (UTSCL) like trauma, tuberculosis and neoplasm. Recently, the advantages of combined ventro-dorsal surgery could be successfully gained using 1-stage posterior salvage technique with enough accessibility to all three spinal columns.
Purpose: Retrospective evaluation of 35 patients with UTSCL treated by Posterior Extensive Circumferential Decompressive Reconstructive (PECDR) procedure. Read More
World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA; Skull Base and Cerebrovascular Laboratory, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA. Electronic address: http://skullbaselab.ucsf.edu.
Introduction: Anterior-inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) aneurysms are rare with no optimal consensus on management strategies. When the treatment requires parent artery occlusion post-operative ischemic or neuropathic, complications can occur.
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of direct revascularization of premeatal AICA using the middle meningeal artery (MMA) as the donor through an anterior petrosectomy (APA) window. Read More
Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Institute for Drug and Alcohol Studies, Departments of Psychiatry, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, United States.
Psychopathy is one of the most researched risk factors for violence. Yet, research in women is sparse. The present study aimed to test if the link between the four-facet structure of psychopathy and interpersonal violence and aggression was moderated by neurobiological function (indexed by resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia; RSA). Read More
Am J Obstet Gynecol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Northwestern University, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chicago, IL, USA; Robert H Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL; Center for Healthcare Studies, Institute for Public Health in Medicine, Chicago, IL.
Background: In patients with endometrial cancer sentinel lymphadenectomy is used to accurately prognosticate extent of disease and has been proposed as a method to decrease the incidence of medical and surgical complications associated with more extensive lymphadenectomy. It is unknown if patients who undergo traditional lymphadenectomy experience major postoperative complications at the same rates as those who undergo sentinel lymphadenectomy or those who do not undergo lymphadenectomy.
Objective: To compare the incidence of major postoperative complications among endometrial cancer patients undergoing total laparoscopic hysterectomy with traditional lymphadenectomy versus sentinel or no lymphadenectomy. Read More
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):379-386. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital de Ginecología y Obstetricia No. 3 “Dr. Víctor Manuel Espinoza de los Reyes Sánchez”, Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Ciudad de México, México
Background: In severe preeclampsia (SP), pregnancy interruption is the first recommendation. However, some patients receive expectant treatment.
Objetive: To determine maternal and perinatal results of expectant treatment of SP in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a high-specialty hospital. Read More
Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):167-171
Departamento de Piel y Partes Blandas del Instituto Nacional de Cancerología. Ciudad de México, México.
Dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma is a variant in which a high grade osteosarcoma coexists with a parosteal osteosarcoma. We report the case of a 20-year-old female patient who presented with six months of evolution of pain and functional limitation of the right forearm, with no apparent cause; radiographs were performed, observing a tumoral lesion in the diaphysis of the right ulna. Physical examination showed pain upon palpation in the diaphysis of the ulna and limitation of prone-supination. Read More
Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):163-166
Servicio de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología, Hospital de Sabadell. Institut Universitari Parc Taulí Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, España.
We present the case of an 81-year-old woman who was followed up by the Rheumatology Service for osteoporosis and treated with bisphosphonates for more than five years. She reported a fracture of the distal third of the contralateral femur by a low energy mechanism, treated with retrograde intramedullary nailing the previous year. She presented a clinic of cruralgia and left gonalgia, without previous trauma. Read More
Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):140-144
Módulo de Cirugía de Hombro y Codo, Hospital General Xoco. Av. México Coyoacán S/N, Col. General Anaya, Deleg. Benito Juárez, CP 03340, Ciudad de México, México.
Background: Fractures of the lateral third of the clavicle represent 18% of all clavicle fractures. Even though non-displaced fractures can be managed conservatively, displaced fractures have a non-union percentage of 30%. Multiple approaches have been proposed to manage the displaced fractures. Read More
Acta Ortop Mex 2018 May-Jun;32(3):118-125
Instituto de Astronomía de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
Introduction: Quadrilateral plate fractures are the most difficult to reduce and fix. Different techniques have been developed for quadrilateral plate osteosynthesis. The objective of this work was to create an implant and a novel approach to simplify and improve acetabular fracture osteosynthesis. Read More
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD012624. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Surgery and Anaesthesia, Division of Medical Sciences and Graduate Entry Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Uttoxeter New Road, Derby, UK, DE22 3DT.
Background: Postoperative pain is a common consequence of surgery and can have deleterious effects. It has been suggested that the administration of opioid analgesia before a painful stimulus may improve pain control. This can be done in two ways. Read More
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD013187. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston Campus, Birmingham, UK, B15 2TT.
Background: Early accurate detection of all skin cancer types is essential to guide appropriate management, reduce morbidity and improve survival. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is usually localised to the skin but has potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue, while cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) and melanoma have a much higher potential to metastasise and ultimately lead to death. Exfoliative cytology is a non-invasive test that uses the Tzanck smear technique to identify disease by examining the structure of cells obtained from scraped samples. Read More
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD013191. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK, B15 2TT.
Background: Early accurate detection of all skin cancer types is important to guide appropriate management and improve morbidity and survival. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is usually a localised skin cancer but with potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue, whereas cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) and melanoma are higher risk skin cancers with the potential to metastasise and ultimately lead to death. When used in conjunction with clinical or dermoscopic suspicion of malignancy, or both, reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) may help to identify cancers eligible for non-surgical treatment without the need for a diagnostic biopsy, particularly in people with suspected BCC. Read More
Head Neck 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and early surgical outcomes of transoral thyroidectomy and to compare robotic and endoscopic procedures.
Methods: A total of 37 patients underwent robotic (23 cases) or endoscopic (14 cases) transoral thyroidectomy. We compared the outcomes of the two procedures. Read More
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Purpose: To evaluate the in vivo accuracy of dental implants placed using a dynamic computer-aided dental implant (CAI) navigation system. The impact of various factors on accuracy was also analyzed.
Materials And Methods: A retrospective, in vivo study was performed during the period of October 2015 to December 2017. Read More
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Purpose: Real-time surgical navigation has been increasingly applied in implant placement. The initial registration procedures were found to substantially affect the overall accuracy of the system for zygomatic implant placement, but the exact number and distribution of fiducial markers was yet undetermined. This study aimed to determine the minimal numbers and optimal distributions of fiducial markers to achieve clinically acceptable accuracy in surgical navigation, through systematically analyzing the effects of different setups of fiducial markers on target registration errors (TRE). Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208460. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Orthopedics, Balgrist University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland.
The surgical standard of care for lumbar discectomy leaves the annulus fibrosus (AF) defect unrepaired, despite considerable risk for a recurrent herniation. Identification of a viable defect repair strategy has until now been elusive. The scope of this ex vivo biomechanical study was to evaluate crosslinking hydrogels as potentially promising AF defect sealants, and provide a baseline for their use in combination with collagen scaffolds that restore disc volume. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208416. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of General and Endocrine Surgery, Lyon Sud Hospital, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Pierre-Bénite, France.
Objective: To determine the validity of hospital administrative databases compared to prospective collection of medical data assessing thyroid surgery complications.
Background: Administrative data are increasingly used to track surgical outcomes.
Methods: All patients undergoing thyroid surgery at three French university hospitals between April 2008 and April 2009 were prospectively included. Read More
PLoS Genet 2018 Dec 6;14(12):e1007850. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States of America.
Domestic dog breeds exhibit remarkable morphological variations that result from centuries of artificial selection and breeding. Identifying the genetic changes that contribute to these variations could provide critical insights into the molecular basis of tissue and organismal morphogenesis. Bulldogs, French Bulldogs and Boston Terriers share many morphological and disease-predisposition traits, including brachycephalic skull morphology, widely set eyes and short stature. Read More
Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):103-114
Department of Experimental and Clinical Surgery, Jagiellonian University Medical College Kraków, Poland.
Inguinal hernia repairs are one of the most common procedures performed in general surgical departments. Approximately 20 million hernia repairs are performed annually all over the world. According to the EHS guidelines, the recommended treatment methods of the inguinal hernia are tension-free techniques: the Lichtenstein open hernia repair and the laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) and totally extraperitoneal (TEP) methods. Read More
Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):49-66
3rd Department of General, Oncological and Geriatric Surgery of Jagiellonian University School of Medicine, Prądnicka 35-37, Kraków, Poland.
Background: The older population is very heterogeneous with regard to the co-morbidityand the physical reserve. This can result in unacceptably high postoperative complications rates. Therefore, the aim of the study was to review the literature regarding the outcomes of older patients treated for pancreatic cancer, including the usage of minimal invasive techniques. Read More
Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):23-33
Urology Department Military Institute of Medicine, Szaserów 128, Warszawa, Poland.
Introduction: The prolongation of the life of men results in the growing number of people suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In 2010, BPH concerned more than 200 million men in the whole world, which at that time made up 6% of the population of men at large. Currently, the population of men in the world amounts about three billion six hundred million. Read More
Endocr Connect 2018 Dec;7(12):1397-1408
Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, USA.
We investigated the functional role of ATF2, a transcription factor normally activated via its phosphorylation in response to phospho-ERK/MAPK signals, in the outgrowth of urothelial cancer. In both neoplastic and non-neoplastic urothelial cells, the expression levels of androgen receptor (AR) correlated with those of phospho-ATF2. Dihydrotestosterone treatment in AR-positive bladder cancer cells also induced the expression of phospho-ATF2 and phospho-ERK as well as nuclear translocation and transcriptional activity of ATF2. Read More
Rom J Intern Med 2018 Dec;56(4):227-232
"Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.
The prevalence of obesity is rising, becoming a medical problem worldwide. Also GERD incidence is higher in obese patients compared with normal weight, with an increased risk of 2.5 of developing symptoms and erosive esophagitis. Read More
Rom J Intern Med 2018 Dec;56(4):233-242
Laboratory of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, "Nicolae Testemitanu" State University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova.
Pancreas divisum (PD) is the most common developmental anatomic variant of pancreatic duct. The attention towards the PD has grown significantly since there are reports that this condition may cause acute relapsing pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis and chronic abdominal pain syndrome. Furthermore, over the years, there have been multiple reports of PD associated with different types of tumors. Read More
Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):693-696. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of General Surgery. Ankara University School of Medicine. Ankara. Turkey.
Aggressive angiomyxoma is an uncommon, benign, slow-growing, and locally infiltrative soft tissue neoplasm which is located primarily in the genital region and pelviperineal interstitial tissue of female patient in the fourth decade of life. Its occurrence in male patients is even more unusual and commonly appears at a later age. The mainstay of treatment typically involves surgical excision with tumor-free margins, and despite complete resection, local recurrences are common. Read More
Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):661-669. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Serviço de Cirurgia Geral. Hospital Garcia de Orta. Almada. Portugal.
Introduction: Approximately 20% - 30% of histological lymph node-negative patients with colorectal cancer relapse at five years after surgical treatment. This recurrence is likely due to occult nodal disease undetected by standard histopathological practice which has implications in terms of the clinical management of patients.
Material And Methods: Lymph nodes were collected from colectomy specimens. Read More